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The Topeka state journal. [volume] (Topeka, Kansas) 1892-1980, July 28, 1900, LAST EDITION, Editorial Section, Image 9

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Editorial Section. J
Editorial Section.
Pages 9 to 16.
Tiews of a Very
On the Military Situation in the
- Far East.
Its Strength and How It Is
Thinks a Hard Campaign Ahead
For Allies.
As events now occurring in China are
engrossing the attention of the civilized
world, some account of the Chinese
army, of the forces the powers can
bring against them, and of the opera
tions likely to take place will be of in
terest. Telegraphic reports from China
have been so meagre and so confusing
that, before proceeding further, it will
not, perhaps, be out of place to give
a brief synopsis of what has occurred
up to date.
Brigadier General H. C. Corbin writes
this review of the military situation in
China for today's issue of Collier's
On May 31 there were at Taku 7 Rus
sian, 1 French, 2 British, and 1 Italian
warships, all of which landed detach
ments of sailors and marines; other
ships afterwards arrived, and, on June
9. the number of ships had been in
creased to 23, 2 of which were Ameri
can. Meanwhile, detachments of va
rious rationalities had been sent into
Pekin to guard the legations. The
troops, w hen landed, proceeded to take
IiKtUAlJlfc,.H. GBS
jiossession of and repair the railroad.
June 10 a force of about 2,000 men un
der Admiral Seymour left Tien Tsin for
Fkin. Arriving about forty miles from
the capital, it was found that the rail
road had been destroyed, and that fur
ther progress would have to be made
by marching. For some time nothing
was heard from this column. On June
17 the Taku forts, at the mouth of the
Pel Ho river, were attacked and cap
tured. On June 21 an attack on Tien
Tsin began, and it was necessary to
send a force to its relief. The first de
tachment, consisting of about 400 Rus
sians and 130 American marines, under
Major Waller, met with serious resist
ance and were in great danger until re
inforced by about l.OuO British troops.
The rest of the relieving force arriving,
an entrance into Tien Tsin, which had
been held by about 3.000 men, prin
cipally Russians, was effected on June
23. It was then learned that Seymour's
column not only had been unable to do
anything for the relief of Pekin, but,
after hard fighting against greatly su
perior forces, had been compelled to
withdraw and had intrenched near
Tien Tsin. June 25. 2.000 men went from
Tien Tsin to Seymour's relief. The ar
senal was destroyed and the whole
force returned to Tien Tsin. In the
early part of the troubles the boxers
had been opposi
but afterward tht
rs, and in the
osed bv Chinese troops.
the latter joined the box-
recent righting their
forces have been combined. Prince
Tuan. thoroughly opposed to all for
eigners, is reported to have poisoned the
fmppror, to have put himself at the
head of the anti-foreign movement, and
to be actively directing the troops.
tWhile the news of the assassination of
the German minister and of the mas
sacre of all foreigners in Pekin is agi
tating the civilized world, the combined
forces of the powers are at present at
Tien Tsin and Taku. and unable with
their present strength to make a for
ward movement. The steps taken by
the powers to increase their strength in
China will be referred to hereafter.
The total strength of the Chinese army
cannot .be accurately given, and if it
could, the statement would have but lit
tle value, as many of the men who are
carried on the rolls are neither armed
nor equipped, and a large number are
following civil vocations and perform
ing no military duty whatever.
These troops are organized into eight
banners of from ten to twelve army
corps each. The- Banners K'i are distin
guished by colors.
These eight Banners nominally contain
about 300.000 men, but the number main
tained on a war footing is very much
less, men being taken from the Banner
men to form other corps. The national
ities comprising the Banner force are
three in numler; viz., Manchu. Mongo
lian, and Chinese, the latter being de
scendants of those natives of Northern
China who joined the Manchu invaders
during the period of their contest with
the Ming Dynasty in the early part of
the seventeenth century.. The soldiers
are distributed under each color accord
ing to their nationality. Thus, there be
ing three nationalities, each Banner is
subdivided into three parts (Kusai).
There are, therefore. 24 Ku-sai 3 in each
K'i. The Ku-sai are more administra
tive than tactical units.
tender one or 'other of these divisions
all livirg Manchus, and all descendants
of the Monogolian and Chinese soldiery
of the conquest, are enrolled. The Bam
tiers constitute, in fact, the population
Df Pekin, with offshoots in various pro
vincial garrisons, and a certain number
of the adult males of the force receive
pay as members of ore or the other mil
itary corps into which they have, from
time to time, been organized, in addition
. it.
to the pittance they receive as soldiers of
the Banner.
The various corps are divided into
companies (Lyanza), numbering 250 men
each in the infantry and 150 in the cav
alry. According to the latest reliable auth
orities about all the organized and drill
ed Chinese troops to be counted upon in
the present operations are as follows ap
proximate strength:
General Sung's corps 10,000
Soon Cing's corps 7,000
Tung Fu Slang's corps (near
Pekin) 10,000
General Nieh's corps (near Tien..
Tsin) 13.000
Hu Sheng corps 5,000
Pekin Field force 10,000
Division of guards 10,000
The last three corps of these troops
are drawn from the Manchu Banner
men. There are other troops more or
less well organized a.nd drilled in dis
tant provinces, but they need not be
considered as a factor in the present
operations. The governor of Shantung
is said to have a. corps of about 15,000
troops, drilled according to German
methods. The value of the boxers as a
fighting force against organized Euro
pean troops is an unknown quantity,
but is not thought to be great.
When the troubles in China began,
the armed forces of the powers avail
able were composed of the sailors and
marines who could be landed from the
ships. Some of. these ships were near
at hand, while others were in different
parts of the Orient, but within a few
days' sail. The total number of war
ships of all classes in those waters is as
Great Britain i. 3
Russia 20
United States 20
France 12
Germany 9
Japan 46
Italy had one ship at Taku and Aus
tria had some marines ashore, so her
navy must be represented: but these
two nations are omitted in the foregi-
ing list. Germany had, besides the men
on shipboard, about 3.000 men at Kiao
Chow. Russia had perhaps 20.000 men
at Port Arthur and a large number of
troops in Eastern Siberia. She has also
a large force on the northern frontier
of China, but it is at a great dis
tance overland from Pekin and can
not be considered available. Any
reinforcements would probably be sent
from Odessa. Japan has a large number
of troops available, and can furnish at
short notice as many as may be needed.
Late reports state that the powers have
all agreed to utilize Japan's military
strength, and give her their mandate to
bring order out of chaos. The powers,
however, not depending entirely upon
that, are preparing to send troops from
home. Great Britain has sent about 1
000 troops from Hong Kong. Between
4.000 and 5,000 men were to leave Cal
cutta June 24. Lord Roberts was asked
if he copld spare any from South Africa,
but he answered in the negative.
A late telegram from India gives the
force to be sent to China from India as
follows: 223 British officers, 308 Brit
ish warrant and non-commissioned of
ficers and men, 9,510 native officers and
men; 7170 followers; 1.2.30 horses and
ponies; 2,060 mules; six guns and 11
Maxims. Two coolie corps of t.000 each
will also proceed to China. There left
France for China, June 23, three war
ships and two transports carrying two
battalions of infantry and two batteries
of artillery. There are said to be. also,
about 10,000 French troops at Saigon
ready to embark. Germany had al
ready made preparations to strengthen
her force in China, but the news of the
assassination of her minister makes it
certain that she will eventually have
in China as many of her troops as she
deems necessary. The United States
have sent a battalion of marines and a
regiment of infantry from the Philip
pines. There are at present about 6,000
troops en route, for or under orders to
the Philippines. As they go via Nagas
aki, they can be sent from there to
Taku instead of to Manila direct. It is
reported that Italy and Austria will
also send contingents.
Because of unavoidable delays, and
the approximate number of days re
quired to reach Taku from the various
starting points, it is apparent that all
the troops under orders for China can
not arrive there until early in August.
There will be constant accessions, how
ever, from now on, and there will per
haps be enough troops on the ground
to take the offensive much earlier.
There certainly will be if Japan's offer
is accepted. The question of the man
ner in which Japan is to be paid may
prove a stumbling block. There would
be no objection to a money payment,
but there probably would be to a ces
sion of territory. The great necessity
for prompt action may, however, cause
all objections to be overruled.
In regard to the use of the navies of
the powers, their .effectiveness depends
upon two things the use of their ships
and their capacity to furnish men for
duty ashore. Active operations will
be entirely on land. Gunboats of light
draught will be useful in river work,
not only on the Pei Ho, but near treaty
ports in other parts of China where
protection may be needed. The larger
ships, particularly the battleships, will
be useless except to furnish landing
parties. The United States navy has
near the scene of action five gunboats
whose draught will enable them to be
of service in navigable inland waters.
It is not certain within what limits ac
tive operations on shore will be confined.
China is not a homogeneous nation. As
a rule, the people of one province know
little of and care little for what is oc
curring in a distant province, tacn is
governed by a viceroy or governor, who.
though appointed by the central govern
ment, is almost entirely independent of
it, and is practically a king witnin nis
own dominions. He raises and main
tains an army of the kind and of the
size he wishes anti that he is able to pay
for. This is illustrated by the dispatches
from China, which report the consuls at
the treaty ports as negotiating directly
with the viceroys in regard to the safety
of foreigners. Li Hung Chang at Canton
has disregarded orders he received to
proceed to Pekin and remains in his pro
vince to maintain order there. Up to the
pi'esent time the troubles have been con
fined to the province of Chihli, in which
Pekin and Tien Tsin are situated, and
the province of Shantung. The latter
embraces the peninsula of the same
name, on the coast of which are situated
the British port Wei-Hai-Wei, the Ger
man port Kiao-Chow, and the treaty
port Chefoo. If the troubles continue to
be confined to these provinces, the thea
ter of operations will be much restrict
ed. Tien Tsin will probably be the base
of operations and P'ekin the objective.
Any opposing armed forces lying be
tween the two cities must be- disposed of
and Pekin taken. With Pekin in the
hands of the powers, the rest of the work
will be a matter for diplomatists.
It is considered by well informed peo
ple that a force of 60.000 or 70.000 men
will be ample. The number required will
vary with the composition of the force.
A compact, homogeneous body, of one
nationality, would be much more effi
cient than a composite force of the same
strength, made up of the contingents
furnished by the powers, no matter how
good the quality of each contingent
might be. History teaches that in the
operations of allies, frictions, jealousies
and diversity of purpose obtain. If the
relief force is to be a composite army,
under a single head, the details of com
mand and staff should be agreed upon
at once by agreement of representatives
of the powers, otherwise there will ine
vitably be friction and delays when the
times comes to begin active operations.
From a purely military standpoint,
leaving political considerations aside, it
would be by all odds most advisable to
intrust the work to a Japanese army, as
Japan, by reason of her proximity, can
put in the field, better than any other
nation, the necessary number of troops,
and a thorough previous understanding
of the combined European powers with
Japan as to payment for her services
should prevent any possibility of politi
cal complications.
The question of the organization and
composition of the army being settled,
the on' remaining question is the char
acter of the operations and the diffi
culties to be overcome. This ia the
worst time of the year for military op
erations in that region. The rainy sea
son is about beginning. The country is
low and flat arid has no metalled roads.
The Pei Ho river, with its branches,
is shallow and tortuous. In the rainy
season it overflows its banks, and, as
there is nothing to indicate the chan
nel, its value for transportation of
troops and supplies is small. The prin
cipal difficulties to be overcome are,
therefore, those connected with trans
portation and supply. As the column
advances, detachments must be left to
keep open communications and hold the
places taken. On arriving before Pekin
a siege might be necessary. The city
is surrounded by a wall forty feet thick,
faced inside and out with brick and
stone from one to two feet thick, and
this in turn by a moat fifty feet wide.
A flat space, about one hundred feet
wide, lies between the wall and moat.
Pekin is dependent for its supplies from
the outside. It has immense granaries,
but these are outside the walls and
could be captured. If the Chinese con
template determined resistance and
their operations are conducted with
ability, the capture of the city would be
no easy matter, as the time before an
investment could be made could be em
ployed in provisioning the walled city.
Big Western Crops a Feature Iron
Business Dull Dry Goods Quiet.
New York, July 28. Bradstreet's
Important changes in trade and spec
ulation are notably lacking this week,
but counter currents of demand in va
rious sections and industries lend a
rather more than usually irregular ap
pearance to the general situation.
Among the notable features calling for
notice are the practical assurance of an
immense crop by the recent copious
rains in the further west, the continued
cheerful reports from the sections which
have gathered and are now marketing
a large winter wheat crop, with re
ports of continued improvement in tone
in the northwest, with reports of re
newals of earlier cancelled orders for
fall goods, fairly satisfactory gains in
gross railway earnings, less weakness
in prices of the country's leading cereal
products, based apparently on renewed
buying for export and rather more in
quiry for raw wool by manufacturers.
Unfavorable elements in trade prob
ably find their chief and greatest expo
sition In the iron and steel business.
That industry is, if possible, more de
pressed than at any time for three
years past, and expectations that price
declines would be checked by the ar
rival of finished matter at a cost basis
have been disappointed, because this
week steel bars have been sold in some
instances at one cent per pound, which
is unquestionably below the basis of
cost of raw materials and manufacture.
That a large tonnage of this material
and southern pig iron has been worked
off seems certain, but it is still a buy
ers market, with everything that this
implies. Export business would un
doubtedly expand if ship room were
available. Among other metals, tin is
locally lower on freer arrivals, alter
touching the highest price in twenty
seven years.
Trade in dry goods, at the east par
ticularly, seems backward pending a
clearer realization of the cotton goods
situation. Bleached goods have been
reduced, but gray goods and brown
cottons are steady. Some reselling of
their raw cotton by eastern mills for
export is reported. Satisfactory pro
gress is reported as to the growing
American and Egyptian crops, and the
margin between old and new delivery
tends to widen. Rather more inquiry
for wool at eastern markets is a sign
of manufacturers getting ready for the
light western season.
R. G. Dun's Weekly Review of Trade
A stop to the decline in wool brought
many manufacturers' into the market
asking terms. Good sales of California
and territory wools were made to mills
and the trade expects larger purchases
to follow the opening of spring goods by
the American Woolen company next
week. Holders have had difficulty in
storing were the chief sellers. Sales of
wool at the three chief markets were on
ly 4.337.500 pounds, against 10.773.500 last
year. Cotton improved slightly, and
more business occurred in cotton goods.
A reduction from 7 to 6 cents in
bleached cotton closed out the entire
stock in 48 hours, prices then being re
stored. Similarly in iron, the depression
in which has resulted in hesitation and
fear in other industries, the tone is bet
ter: and in the Pittsburg district the
mills have booked a line of fair orders
in bars and plates. Structural and bridge
materials are better taken.
The refusal of the Amalgamated Asso
ciation to allow a change in the wage
.scale adopted in May has led to strikes at
numerous bar mills, and the Republic
company is to dismantle some plants to
secure concentration, but the non-union
capacity will prevent serious scarcity.
Further business in bars shows that agri
cultural implement makers are more ac
tive. Grey forge has fallen to $15 at Pitts
burg and Bessemer steel billets sold at
$19. With the uncertainty of the confer
ence of steel companies at Chicago re
moved, buyers may proceed with less
anxiety. Export orders advanced electro
lytic copper from 144 to lSc in large lots.
Jobbers in boots and shoes are demanding
prompt delivery on old orders, but new
business is scarce. Manufacturers an;
taking leather only for immediate needs,
but sole is more active and a large sale
for belting at a moderate concession in
reported. Packer hides sell freely at Chi
cago, at the recently reduced price.-
"It was not surprising that wheat de
clined still further this week, for the price
had been held far above the ouotation ru1
ing at this date in 1S99. and crop condi
tions are so generally satisfactory tn as
sure an abundance for all home require
ments and the usual amount for export.
High prices have curtailed foreign bnvnig
to some extent, and in four weeks Atlan
tic exports of wheat, including flour, have
been 7.2'W.t?. bushels, against 8.430,431 last
year. The shipments of corn make a more
satisfactory comparison, in four weeks
amounting to 12.720.435 bushels, against
11. SSI. 479 a year ago.
Failures for the week were 231 in the
United States, against 151 last year, and
2S in Canada, against 20 last year.
City Federation Tisiting the
Topeka School Rooms.
Portia Club Issues a Eeautiful
Year Book.
Miss Leila Stanley, of Alliance,
Ohio, Guest of Honor.
Notes Personal and Otherwise of
Interest in Society.
There is little doing in clubdom just
now though many new ideas are being
worked up for use during the coming
season. The art committee seems to
be the only department of the federation
that has not suspended all operations
for the summer. Friday morning Mrs.
A. H. Thompson, president of the city
federation, Mrs. T. J. Kellam, chairman
of the central art committee and Super
intendent W. M. Davidson, visited sev
eral of the school buildings with a view
to selecting new papers. All of the
rooms in Buchanan are to be repapered,
six rooms in Clay and two in Douglas.
Some of the North side schools were vis
ited in the afternoon and some papering
is to be done there. ,
The Portia Year Book.
The Portia club has recently issued its
course of study for next year, enclosed
in a pale blue cover, tied with blue rib
bons and lettered in gold.
The officers of the club are: President,
Mrs. G. F. Wrorley; vice president. Mrs.
C. D. Startzman; secretary and treasur
er, Mrs. E. G. Foster. The club, has 15
About half of the programme is devo
ted to literary subjects and the other
half to domestic subjects such as the
training of children, "Home Making,"
"Manners and Morals," "Woman as
Mother, Wife and Homekeeoer." "The
Chemistry of Cooking," and various oth
ers which will doubtless prove of great
interest. The first meeting of the club
in the fall will be held, October 4.
An Informal Piccic
Miss Lottie Snyder arrane-ed nn In
formal little picnic in honor of her guest.
Miss Leila Stanley of Alliance. Ohio, at
Garfield park Friday evening. The par
ty was composed or Dr. and Mrs. W. B.
Swan, Miss Stanley. Miss Blanche Snv-
der. Miss Lottie Snyder, Mr. Paul Roehr,
Mr. Harry Bennett and. Mr. Rob Rig
don. 'A Novel Affair.
A number of the friends of Miss Re
becca Rodgers are making her a quilt
which she will doubtless prize greatly in
the years to come. About 12 of her girl
friends are interested in the affair. It is
to De a silk "crazy quilt," and each girl
is to make a block, a few of the more in
dustrious ones making two and when all
are completed a "quilting bee" is to be
held and the blocks put together. Each
girl is to work her name In one corner
of her block.
Mr. and Mrs. Solomon Stoddard, of
Kansas City, are in Topeka to spend
Sunday with Mr. and Mrs. Walter Lit
tlefield. Dean Sykes will leave Sunday for
Maryland, to visit his children.
Miss Mary Davenport, of Indiana, and
Miss Minnie Cook expect to go to Colo
rado next week for an outing.
Miss Minnie Pier will go to Herington
this evening for a two weeks' visit with
her brother.
Mrs. J. F. Jarrell and children leave
Sunday for Manitou to join Mrs. A. L.
J. D. Williams, of Kansas City, will
spend Sunday in Topeka with friends.
Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Johnston expect
to move to Kansas City soon.
Mrs. Belle Doyle, of Lima, Ohio, is
in the city visiting her sister, Mrs. M.
E. Hartley, at 713 Topeka avenue.
Miss Anna Alston, of New York city,
who has been in the city visiting her
brother, W. H. Alston, and family, left
today for her home, accompanied by
her niece. Miss Alice Alston.
Mrs. Clara Graves, of Ottumwa. Iowa.
is visiting her cousin, Mrs. M. E. Hart
ley, on Topeka avenue.
C. E. Eldridge and family accom
panied by Mrs. James Ramsey, will go
to Colorado next week for a few weeks'
Miss Maud Hague leaves in a week or
two to spend the remainder of the
summer in Libertyville and Fairfield,
.low a.
Continued on page 5.
Brief Review of Important Local and
General Happenings.
A report reaches Washington that for
eign ministers in Pekin were alive and
weir July ISth.
Trial of Caleb Powers on charge of
conspiracy in the murder of Governor
Goebel continues at Georgetown, Ky.
Boer General Dewet cuts Lord Rob
erts' line of communication and captures
iw ignianaers.
Emperor of China Issues an edict or
dering protection of foreigners.
It is officially announced that the for
eign ministers in Pekin will be sent to
Tien Tsin under escort.
Chinese Emperor appeals to President
MeKinley to mediate in the trouble with
foreign nations.
"W. W. RockhlH appointed United
States commissioner to investigate the
Chinese situation.
The hearing of testimony in the Jester
case closes at New London, Mo.
Important discovery of oil reported in
Yuma desert.
Commander Thomas of the Brooklyn
cables to Washington a letter received
from Minister Conger, under date of
July 4.
Li Hung Chang's journey to Pekin said
to have been interrupted at Shanghai by
British officials.
Battle lasting 24 hours fought in the
outskirts of Panama, between insurgents
and troops of the Colombia government.
Boers reported retiring in the direction
of Leydenberg.
Gold Democratic national committee
meets at Indianapolis and decides to
place no ticket in the field.
r ive nunarea garment makers strike
in New York city.
Wm. Jennings Bryan accepts an invi
tation to attend ' the national encamp
ment of the G A. R. at Chicago.
Wm. F. Drapen, United States embas
sador to Italy, tenders his resignation.
Emperor of China sends a letter to all
European capitals asking for mediation
in his present troubles.
"Tnree women killed and six persons
Conspicuous among women who have
attained success in the business world
is Miss Ida Harned, a clever insurance
writer. Miss Harned is recently in re
ceipt of an international medal from
her company for having written more
insurance during a single month than
any other agent in the world.
A recent letter from Miss Harned to
The Peruna Medicine Co., of Columbus,
O., reads as follows:
injured by an explosion in a celluloid
collar factory in Chicago.
President Gompers announces that the
American Federation of Labor will stand
by the St. Louis strikers.
Michigan Democrats meet in state con
vention and nominate Mayor Maybury
of Detroit, for governor.
Populist, Democratic and Free Silver
Republican state conventions meet at
Fort Scott and nominate a fusion ticket
as follows: Associate justice, David
Martin, Atchison, Silver Republican;
governor, John W. Breidenthal, Topeka,
Populist; lieutenant governor, A. M.Har
vey, Topeka, Populist; secretary of
state, Abraham Frakes, WaKeeney,
Democrat; attorney general, Hugh P.
Farrelly, Chanute. Democrat; auditor,
E. J. -Westgate, Garden City, Populist;
treasurer, , Conway Marshall, Garnett,
Democrat; superintendent, Levi Hum
barger, Abilene, Populist; superintend
ent of insurance, Webb McNall, Gaylord,
Silver Republican; congressman at large.
Rev. J. D. Botkin, Winfield, Populist.
Jerry Simpson's aspiration for the Uni
ted States senatorship turned down.
Mobs take possession of the streets in
New Orleans through an entire night,
killing and beating negroes wherever
found. Casualties, one dead, three fa
tally injured, and 15 badly hurt.
Chas. H. Hoyt, the playwright adjudg
ed insane and sent to a sanitarium.
Secretary Hay visits President Me
Kinley at Canton.
Li Hung Chang is told by the foreign
consul at Shanghai that he must get a
message from the ministers at Pekin
within five days.
A portion of Lord Roberts' army de
feated by Boers with a loss of 50.
Fourth Assistant Postmaster General
Bristow makes his report on the Cuban
postal frauds. j
The United States government refuses
to suspend military operation in China
in consideration of foreign ministers at
Tien Tsin.
Colombian revolution ends with the
surrender of the rebels.
Foreign ministers reported to be en
route to Tien Tsin under Chinese escort.
Forty lives lost by the capsizing of a
steamer on Lake La Barge.
McCormick Reaper Co. opens its Kan
sas branch in Topeka.
Apples will be half a crop.
Emma Yoweii attempts suicide by
jumping from the Rock Island railroad
bridge, and is rescued by Henry Meer.
Death of Taylor Hughes.
Three tramps are killed by head-end
collision on the Rock Island near Good
land. Judge Hazen decides that he has no
jurisdiction in the annexation cases
wherein the city is trying to annex a
strip, the Douthitt tract " and Jewell
Movement made to secure the inter
national meeting of the Brotherhood of
Locomotive Engineers for Topeka in
Santa Fe orders twenty new locomo
tives for passenger service.
Topeka school board awards contracts
for additions to school buildings to the
amount of $25,000.
Chas. E. Gault and Miss Emily Black
announce their marriage.
Henry Atherton of St. Louis commits
suicide in North Topeka.
Heavy rains fall over the entire
state; nearly two inches, fit Topeka."
The Sneldon drinking fountain put
Chicago, III.,
607 Champlain Building.
The Peruna Medicine Co., Columbus, O. :
Gentlemen "As a tonic I find your
Peruna an excellent medicine to build
up and restore the nervous system.
My work is out doors and traveling
to a great extent, and during; inclem
ent weather I especially value It as
a preventative against colds, and as a
catarrhal treatment it is unexcelled.
We are
in place at Eighth and Kansas ave
nues. Topeka Water company and the city
council agree upon a preliminary pro
position looking to the purchase of the
plant by the city.
The expenses for Shawnee county for
the fiscal year endingjune 30,are $96,150.
Democrats and Populists in Sixth dis
trict agree to fix up fusion on con
gressmen. George B. Gallon of Santa Fe ap
pointed auditor of Gulf, Beaumont
& Kansas City railway.
Santa Fe decides to equip all station
crossings with electric alarm bells.
Husband Secures Her Release From
Jail After She Leaves Him.
Terre Haute, Ind., July 28. William
Lunt, a passenger engineer on the Chi
cago & Eastern Illinois road, after se
curing his wife's release from jail,
where he had caused her to be placed
by filing a charge against her and Wil
liam Wrhitted, with whom she had left
her home at Momence, and paying her
fine on a minor charge, took her to their
handsome home at Momence last even
ing. Whitted insists that the woman is his
wife and that the marriage with Lunt
a few months ago was a bigamous one.
Lunt says he intercepted letters from
Wrhitted in which the latter told Mrs.
Lunt to get rid of her husband by pois
oning him. When the wife disappeared
a few days ago Lunt traced her to this
city. Whitted wanted to stand trial,
and said that he could produce proof
that they were married in Robinson,
111., three years ago.
Mrs. Lunt says that while she had
lived with Whitted for several years no
formal marriage ceremony was per
formed. -She says that Lunt was bet
ter able to provide for her than Whit
ted and she married him for that reason.
It is with much pleasure I give Peruna
my hearty endorsement."
Yours truly. IDA HARNED.
Everyone who is in the least degree
subject to nervousness, sleeplessness,
prostration, mental fatigue or nervous
debility in any form, finds the hot
weather of July and August very hardi
to bear, if not dangerous.
A dose of Peruna before each meat
during the hot season is a safeguard of
priceless value to those who are in the
least subject to nervous prostration,
and an effectual protection against
summer colds.
Mrs. M. Dooley, Mt. Airy, Habersham
county, Ga., writes: "In the spring ot
the year 1899 I took your Peruna for
about three weeks according to direc
tions and also one bottle of Manalin,
and can truly say that I consider myself
cured of catarrh of the stomach of fiva
years' standing.
I only took three bottles ot Peruna
and one of Manalin, which generally
stimulated the liver, the glands of the
stomach and bowels, and is a most
splendid tonic.
"Peruna is a wondreful medicine for
catarrh of the stomach. If I ever have
any more trouble I will most assuredly
take Peruna. It is the only medicine
I ever took that did me any good. Pe
runa acted like magic in my case. I be
lieve it is the best medicine on .earth '
for dyspepsia. I also believe there is mi
other medicine on the market that
equals it for family use."
Atonic dyspepsia is simply nervous
prostration of the stomach. There in
not usually much pain, but a feeling of.
great weight, and some times faintnesa
after each meal, followed by sour eruc
tations and belching of gas. Thts
bowels may be regular and appetita
good, but the weakened stomach, whiclt
should be in constant movement after
a meal lies dormant, allowing the food
to soon decompose instead of digesting.
This is a very common form of dys
pepsia among the mentally overworked
class, -whose nervous systems become
depressed by long continued strains and)
sedentary habits.
If there is a remedy in the whole
range of medical preparations that is in
every particular adapted to this form of
dyspepsia, that remedy is Peruna. It
not only acts as an appetizer, but it im
parts to the stomach the vigor to prop
erly digest the food by awakening the
pari3taltic movements of the digestive
Mrs. Fred Bohde, Qoegleln, Ind.,
writes: l was a sufferer from head
ache and pains in my stomaoh for ten
years, more or less. I consulted doc
tors, but they could give me no relief.
I grew weaker right along, and didn't
expect that I could live very long. One
day I happened to get a 'oo Peruna
almanac. I saw my case described in
it, and also a sure cure, so I decided
to give it a trial. I commenced to take
it last spring, and after taking half a
bottle of Peruna I felt like a new per
son. I continued taking Peruna until
fall, following your directions care
fully, and I have tq say that I feel
better than I ever did.
Moping that Peruna may do for
others what it bas done for me, I rec
ommend itto everyone." I remain,
truly yours, Mrs. Fred Bohde.
Address The Peruna Medicine Co.,
Columbus, O.. for a copy of "Summer
Catarrh." This book treats of the many
and varied phases of catarrh peculiar to
summer. Sent free.
prepared to fill all Plumbing:
orders promptly.
furnished on Hot Water and
Steam Heating.
Chaney & Morton
S ome people are in a quandary
I n selecting something of a
ff uxury for their dinner or supper.
V arietiesof SILVER LEAF pickles,
E specially our Sweet Mixed, give a
JJ, acy flavor to your meats.
abor and time are not spared
ndeavoring to make this particular
ppetizer up to the highest standard
or sale in all groceries and meat
Insist upon having the "SILVER
LEAF" Brand, made only by
Marshall's Band.
Marshall's band will render an In
teresting programme at ther concert
tomorrow afternoon.

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