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TOPEKA STATE JOURNAL SATURDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 29, 1900.
15 it PH1SI0HJULES. Senate' Committee KeTises the llegulatJons in Force. Claims Rejected 'ot to Be Coji sidered For a Year. MADE TO DEPART31ENT Claimant Most First Go to Pen sion Bureau. Xo Arrears Will Be Kecom mended in Bills. Washington, X. C. Iec. 29. The re vised pension rules adopted by the sen ate committee on pensions are herewith given below. Senator Lucien Baker hold? third place on this committee. which, has thirteen members. The rules are: First No bill will be considered by this committee unless application for pension or increase has first been made to the bureau of pensions, nor while the claim is pending in the bureau, except in cases where conclusive proof is pre sented that the claimant has no pen sionable status under existing laws Claims passed upon by the bureau, whether allowed or rejected, will not Kq given consideration until a period ol ax least one year has elapsed; provided, however, that In case of persons over 7( vears of aee. or claims which have been rejected because they do not technically come within the provisions of existing law the requirement as to time may be waived. tu.ortirt Where original pensions or In crease of pension has been allowed by special act, no proposition for additional pension will tie entertaineu. ThiM In Tin case will the allowance of arrears be recommended In a. special rjension bill. Fourths Kills proposing to pension sens or dauchters of soldiers will r.nt v.e pntprtained except in cases where the beneficiary has been Idiotic, deformed, or otherwise mentally or phvsieally incapacitated from birth or early childhood, and then only in cases of destitution, in sucn cases uk mi all.wed shall not exceed $12 per momli. Fifth Bills for increasing pensions wViirK hav. leen eranted bv the buread at the maximum rate under the act t f June ST. 1SS0. will not be frlven consia eratton except in cases of actual desti tution or extreme pnysicaj Q.saumu . Provided, however, that where pensioi has been allowed under the act of June 27. 1890. and a rejected claim exists un d-r the general law. the equities in the latter claim may be consiaerea in con nection with the bill. Sixth AVhere pensions have been al lowed at the rate of ti per month unfer the law. of 1SS7, granting service pensions to soldiers and widows of solmers oi ins Mexican war. no proposition for increase will be entertained until after appnea tion has been made to the pension bu reau and action taken thereon under the amended Mexican pension law granting $12 per month to such as are wholly dis abled for manual labor and in destitute circumstances: Provided, however, that application for increase has been pend ing in the bureau for the period of one year the provisions of this rule may to waived. Seventh Bills proposing to pensiou men who were not mustered Into the military service, except in cases where in emergencies they perform military duty and were wounded, or unless son c special or extraordinary service was rendered in connection with the army, are not admissible. Kighth No widow's pension will be recommended in excess of the maximum rate allowed by law except in cases of destitution or extreme physical disabil ity, to be substantiated by sworn testi mony, including the claimant's affidavit, and in no case will pension be recom mended for a widow at a higher raie than $j0 per month. Ninth Consideration will not be g!v en to any bill which proposes to restore to the roll the name of a widow who.-e pension was forfeited by remarriage un less she was the wife of the soldier dur ing the period of his military service, and is now a widow in actual need. Tenth Bill3 proposing to pension brothers or sisters of soldiers are not admissible Kleventh Bills for original pension will ordinarily be considered by this committee in preference to those for in crease. Twelfth Upon request of a. senator any bill will be promptly referred to a sub-committee, but the bill must be re- 1 9 THE BRITISH DOCTOSS Are Surprising the PeopTe of Kan sas by Their Wonderful Cures. Piles are cured without cutting and without pain in one sitting. References to cured cases given. Cancers cured by plaster. City refer ences. kin diseases that have baffled the whole profession of this city cured. References given. Fatty Tumors cured without the knife. Rupture cured without the knife. Female Diseases, Ovarian Pains, Menstrual Pains and cramps. Catarrhal discharges cured; also Tumors and Ovarian Cysts. Chronic Constipation cured. Bloating pains in tomaofa and bowels and indi gestion. Irritation of Madder and catarrh cured. City references. Hay Fever; Asthma; Catarrh of I Ait. pa; Chronic Coughs. Shortness of Breath and Exhaustion cured. Chronic Rheumatiam. Sciatica, Lum bago, Neuralgia and Sor Joints curea. Catarrh of Nose. Head and Throat cured by our improved inhaler: one treatment free. Our field is th blunders and failures or the medical profession. Office hours a m.. to 6 p. m. tio Sunday hours. Offices 736 Topeka Avenue. S. EDWARD HcCULLY, if. D. 5-- . -J ported back to the full committee for consideration and action. Thirteenth An authorized statement by a member of the committee, or by the senator introducing the bill, as to the circumstances of the claimant will be required when satisfactory evidence does not appear among the papers ac companying the bill. L. W. THAVIS. WAR COltRESPOXDEXTS Famous Boer Colonel-Writer Discuss es His Contemporaries. Arthur Lynch, the well known war correspondent, who became a Boer colonel in the South African war, has an interesting article on war correspond ents in today's Collier's Weekly. He says: The type of war correspondent is un dergoing a certain change, consistent both with changes in the conduct of war operations and changes in journalism. The near prototypes of our present war correspondents differ as much from those of today as Hannibal from Baden Powell. aiacGahan, for instance, was a great man, an explorer and a. states man. Donovan was a. veritable hero of romance, who finished a wonderful career in the mystery of an unknown death swallowed up in the eternal sil ence of the desert. Archibald Forbes was a ;jreat rider, something of a swash buckler, not so "brainy" as the other two, but with a good sense of the broad issues of things. Nowadays the great journals of both hemispheres prefer to send men who have made reputations rather in the world of letters than in the moving ac cidents of flood and fell. War talk be comes more "gossipy," more full of per sonal detail, of impressions of everything that will commend it to the ordinary reader of the newspaper, who sand wiches the enjoyment cf a battle at hi3 breakfast between the account of a society play and the successes of the latest American jockey in England. I often wonder whether, with the im mense enterprise of our newspapers and the enormous mass of literature pro vided in consequence, the boasted en lightenment of the public on great top ics really occurs. For the news nearly always has such a decided bias accord ing to the set of opinion, and the very mass of reading necessary to form a judgment is so vast that the public eye becomes "blasted with excess of light." This is especially the case in such a matter of hot discussi&n aa the Boer war, where all the world is partisan, and where prejudices and sympathies outweigh, by ninety-nine to one, good judgment and equity. Julian RaJph says all is black. Richard Harding Davis says all is white. And they both make their statements so eloquently and with such an array of arguments, that the average citizen generally opts for one or the other and follows him blindly. However, to come to the concrete. Mr. Winston Churchill is especially interest ing to me, both for his achievements and his promise. He is not a stereotyped character; he is full of life; he has points; he gives play; he is abundant in human nature; he is a type of the winning young man of today. And to the amateur of types, or student of character, it is not essential that the type should conform to a rigid model, nor that the character should be capable of expression in a lapidary inscription. Churchill distinguished himself early in the war bv being captured; and, later, still more by escaping. He had the cour age and the wisdom to tell his country men that one Boer was equivalent in fighting power to five Knglishmen, arid he also said in the early stae of the campaign. "There has been a great deal too much surrendering in this war." There was a period when he seemed likely to .become even a Boer sympa thizer, but after his escape from Pre toria one of his first messages was to th. effect that the war should be conducted inexorably and uncompromisingly. Since his return to London he has taken up the cudgels on behalf ot tne 1 enin nus sars and the First and Tenth Life Guards against Lord l-tosslyn, wno as, nT-ri the mihlic. on the authority of cer tain unnamed English officers.that these crack regiments had taken to mgm: anu h (tpscrtpii their guns at Sanna's Post.. T wna told bv one of the Boers who was present at Sanna's Post, and who nortainiv hart no nreiudiee against tr. Household cavalry as distinguished from anv other, that what Happened was ipi?-. "It was properly Lemmer's fight," he oQt.l "hut Tx Wet eot there before him. He let the English pass through a dry sin it with a aood Dart of their men ar:ri guns, his own men being kept in con cealment in the sluit. Then suddenly he attacked and the English were seizeo with a panic, and it was only a running fight after that, we Killed ana capiur ed over a thousand and only lost two men." I give the statement for what it is worth; but I would ponit out that even brave men unused to tne country and unskilled in the art of war as it should be practiced, might easily fall victims to a panic under sucn cir cumstances. That was seen at Magers fontein, where one of the bravest regi ments in the world ran like frightened sheep oefore the sudden and murderous fire of Cronje's men hidden in their trenches. A most interesting episode of the war, and one w hich holds me in perpetual ad miration, is Churchill's escape from Pre toria. In the first brief account which I r?ad, it appeared that he left the state school prison at night, climbed a wall when the sentry's back was momentarily turned, walked through the streets with out disguise, got through all the patrols, jumped on the 11:10 goods train moving at full speed without attracting atten tion, hid under coal sacks, jumped from the train before dawn, remained shelter ed in a wood all day with only a vul ture for a companion.walked on at dusk, following the line, but with grand de tours at the bridges and culverts, lived principally on chocolate for five days, lying up in daylight and walking by night, and on the sixth day managed to board a train beyond Middleburg, hid under coal sacks again, and, in spite of the train, being searched, arrived safe and sound at Koomatipoort after sixty hours of misery. - It is true that the Boer authorities told me that they had let Churchlil go, as they subsequently let George Lynch go, and they even designated the detec tive who had arranged to have the door open for his escape; but then South Af rica is a land of lies. Kipling is too great a man to be dealt with in a section of a small article. I will only say that my admiration for his genius as revealed, for instance, in the "Junele Book" suffers a rude shock when I peruse his latter day heroic poems. "The Absent-Minded Beggar" is littie bet ter than doggerel, and its extraordinary popularity in England should atrain warn us of the impossibility of obtaining a cool ludgment on any aspect of this war from sources so steeped in prejudice. Kitting seems to have developed a tone of remark able truculence In South Africa, and he advocates the most terrible measures: but I cannot ttnnK that this is serious. Kip ling is good-hearted and sensitive: there is even a certain tone of decadence in his fibre: and it is in vain that he whips him self up to fury to persuade us that he is a sort of second Weyler, or man of blood and iron. These ferocities are merely verbal ana ariisuc. ine real rurnan sel dom boa-sts of his brutality. Even a sol dier like Kitchener is not avid of the fame which should accrue to him In his pro jected campaign of "pacification" in South Africa, for he begins by sending away all the correspondents. I doubt greatly that he would be pleased to be accompanied ever bv such an admirer of force as Rud yard Kipling. Almost as famous as Kipling as a liter- MORGAN TAKES LP MOODY'S GREAT WORK. Famous English Divine Follows in the Steps of the American Evangelist. Rev. G. Campel! Morgan, of London, comes to this country to carry out the life work of the late Dwight L. Moody, the celebrated American re vivalist. Mr. M organ is only 37 years of age. His interests lie among- the lowly. Indeed, he refuses a call from s. millionaire congregation in order to work among the humble. ary man is Conan TJoyle, the creator of Sheriock Holmes, and wtill more instruct ive !s his account of matters at the front. Neither Rudyard Kipling nor Conan Doyle are war correspondents at all in the sense that the term was formerly understood. They have collected most of their infor mation, and noted their impressions, at the second line. Conan Doyle's narrative is not only interesting to the ordinary reader, but the Rood doctor takes in hand the military authorities and reads them a few lessons on the organization of an army and the conduct of war. In doint? so he has been taxed in some quarters with presumption, but if a man speak logically and to the point it is absurd to cavil at the uniform or gown that he wears. Conan Doyle looked at the busi ness with the eyes of common sense; and the operations of the army he followed, guided by stereotyped rules, properly ob solete for three-quarters of a century, were often so absurdly at variance with ordinary intelligence that his criticisms are all justified. One of Conan Doyle's descriptions is worth quoting- by way of contrast to that of Mr. Julian Ralph, which 1 shull sub sequently cite: "It was only (ieneral Smith Dorrien's brigade. I watched them, rugged, bearded, herce-eyed infantr:-1, struggling under a cloud of dust. "Who could have conceived, who had seen the prim soldier in the time of peace, that he could so quickly transform himself into this grim. virile naroarian : ijuiiooe; faces, hawk faces, hungry wolf faces, every sort of face except a weak one." He speaks of them as "maned like lions," and compares them to American cow boys. Among those who have earned the best reputation from South Africa. Mr. Rich ard Harding Davis should be phucd in the front rank. I do not say it because he advocates the side for which I fought, but because he has looked at facts on both sides, fairly and squarely, and he has not been carried off his feet by the superficial aspect of things. He went out to South Africa Anglophile: he followed the operations of Lord Roberts' army, and then he proceeded to the republics, where, with no reason to form a bias, came to a deliberate judgment of the justice of the war and the character of the military operations. One of the best types of war correspond ent is George Lynch, who has recently added in China to the laurels gained in Cuba and South Africa. His art is a sim ple one. He gets to the very front and then relates facts. There is a bluntness about his narratives which has been of detriment to him, for they are not only true, but they read like truth. He saw the war on "the Knglish side: he was taken prisoner, and afterward released by the Boers: and he said that the war was unjust. On his return to Durban, his li cense was rescinded. And that reminds me of the conditions under which modern war correspondents work with the Knglish army. They are. in the first place, under the operation of the mutiny act. Only a limited number are allowed to accompany the army, and the officer commanding makes the selec tion. It is stipulated that the correspond ent have a written permit every time he wishes to go on the held of action or visit the advanced posts. The military censor, however, furnishes news of what is trans piring. The censor has the right to re tain, expunge, correct, or even append, what seems to him justifiable. These reg ulations are not so onerous as they ap pear; for, generally speaking, the public wishes to hear only the bright side of their army's exploits, and the correspond ents are quite in. accordance with that view. EUGENIA i( 2p - is' 1 ? fer ' r- Mr Who Will Be Seen at the Crawford in "A Lady of Quality" Thursday Night. t f ST . WILHELtflNA'S WOOING. From the London News. Some interesting: particulara of Queen Wilhelmina's courtship and betrothal are supplied by our Paris correspondent. Although the Queen of the Netherlands mettle the acquaintance of the grand ducal family at Cannes, she did not, it appears, see her betrothed until she went last year to Berlin. She had heard a good deal about him from his sister-in-law, the Princess John, nee Saxe Weimar, and daughter of the late Prin cess Pauline of the Netherlands, Duch ess of Saxe-Weimar. The moment the queen and Prince Henry saw each other they were mutually impressed, and so strongly that the queen would hear of no other suitor. She pleaded "a cold" as excuse for not attending a dinner where she was to pass in review a number of aspirants. The queen mother, seeinsr this, prudently curtailed the visit to Berlin. Inquirit3 were in due course set on foot about Prince Henry. All the reports received about him were favor able, and the queen arranged to have opportunities to become better acquaint ed with him. Instead of coming to the exposition she planned an excursion to Schwarzburg. Rooms were taken at an hotel in a picturesque site for the queen, her mother and the - dowager duchess, who .was asked to be their guest. Prince Henry was not disinclined to fall in with the little plan. He ob tained a furlough to come to see his mother. lie got up excursions to the show places in the principality, and ac companied the two queens in their walks, rides .and drives. She was su premely happy in his company, and was sorry when R-jwas -time .for the pafty to break up. As she was leaving she said to the prince: W hat a happy tour I never spent such a happy time in my life, and X feel I owe so much to you. Correspondence followed, and one fine morning the prime minister was sum moned by the queen to Loo. She lost no time in informing him that she wa3 en gaged, and to whom. She said she hoped the council would give its consent to the marriage she had decided upon The Prince of Mecklenburg belonged to the oldest nouse in Germany; its inter national situation was high, it played no part in Kuropean politics, Prince Henrv could play no part in German politics, his career had been highly hon orable, and he was beloved in his family circle. "WheH you see him' added the queen, "you will. I am sure, be of opin ion that I could not make a better choice, whether for myself or my peo pie." The Best Plaster. A piece of flannel dampened with Chamberlain's Pain Balm and bound to the affected parts is superior to any plaster When troubled with lame back or pains m the side or chest, give it a trial and you are certain to be more than pleased with the prompt relief which it affords. Pain Balm also cures rheumatism. One application gives re- lieT. J? or sale by all druggists. BLAIR, T lb 5- "i'-y-'-T , ,., IX ONE YEAR 8,303 PIES. Wonderful Record of a Pennsylvania Fie Eating Family. Altoona, Pa., Dec. 28. Mrs. John Wal ters of Paint township, Blair county, holds the undisputed record for pie-baking in Pennsylvania. Her record is based on figures furnished by a proud husband, who has aided their seven sous in the consumption of 8,303 crisp, fluffy tarts and pies in the year ending De cember 1. Mr. and Mrs. Walters live on a farm. Mn Walters, according to family his tory, was not born with the pie-baking instinct. In fact, it is alleged that her talent in making pastijr was developed after her marriage, when she discovered that Mr. Walters could eat turnovers and tarts three times a day. Conscious of a record of pies well baked extending over half a century. Airs. Walters tells that one of the clauses in the marriage con tract provided that sire should have pies on the table every day until death should part her and ber husband. The youthful bride, at the start, baked many pies such as Mr. Walters' mother never made. But she improved. At any rate the crisp pumpkin or apple tart was always to be found on Walters' table. On the day the 8,a03d pie was baked Farmer Walters took a holiday in order that he might spread the news. He is a tall, lanky fellow, with the appearance of a champion pie-eater. One of his seven tall sons, each of whom inherits the father's love for crisp pastry, accompanied him, to bear witness to the tiuth of his fath er's statement. Inquiry was natural as to who ate all the pies. "Who ate the pies?" Walters repeated after his questioner. "Why, we home folks, of course. I'm good for three a day, and I hope I haven't raised a sun who can't do as well as the old man. Then I have a hired man who, I'm sorry to say, can beat even me. Why, that fellow will eat six pies a day and get fat on 'em. Never had a hired man about the place who wouldn't eat pies. The last man I had said he had stomac:i trouble and wouldn't touch the nicest tart Mrs. Walters could bake. He dis appeared one night with my best cole and I haven't seen him since. "I have the figures all here. Mfs. Wal ters kept account. In December, 1890. she put out 764 pies; January, laoo, 671, February, 710; March, 728; April. 610; May, 749; June, 640; July, 809; August, 660; September, 708; October. T57; No vember, 663. You will notice July was the prize month. That was during har vest. I won't have a harvester unless he eats pies. Never saw a good workman that didn't lik 'em. Figuring that my wife's piea are a foot across, putting them all in a string they would .reach 13V4 miles. Putting them one on top of the other they would be 300 feet higher ' than the Eiffel tower. Puttin' them a step a part they would reach 42 5 miles, and a man could tramp on a pie every step. "Who bakes the pies? Mrs. Walters, of course. She wouldn't let anybody tiy a hand at such an important job. She bakes 'em in the big oven in the gar den, where they get the flavor of the hickory bark. Nothing like hickory bark to make a pie taste right. Kvery dav she bakes 20 pies. She says that ii. enough for any family." Millionaire's Humble Banquet. Little Falls. N. Y., Spe. N. '. World. A remarkable dinner was given here last week. Twenty-live hundred persons were the guests at a banquet and recep tion given by Robert Mackinnon, who twenty years ago was a poor boy work ing in mills of Cohoes for 75 cents a week. . Of the 2,500 guests 1.200 were his em ployes, for- he Is now the millionaire' owner of the great knit goods manu factory . here. . . . . : . Born of Scotch ancestry in 1853 Robert Mackinnon began life in Cohoes as a mill operative before he ought to have been out of the lower schools. But re alizing that education fits a man to overcome the world, he worked hard days and studied hard nights. When he was 21 years old he began to read law with a well known attorney. Circum stances arose which necessitated his giving up law, and he went back to the mills. By 1887 he had so thoroughly mastered the mill business that, with what money he had saved and what he could raise, he came to Little Falls and went into business in a modest wav. He started a factory in an old tumble-down lumber mill. Little by little he improved his plant. Men recognized his ability and nis character. He grew steadily in im portance as a business man. The fact that he kept his word with every one, with his generosity with his employes for he has never forgotten that he was a poor man himself soon gave him a wide reputation. By 1S89 he had progressed so far in prosperity that the present establish ment was erected, and last March an other big addition was made. On Thursday night his employes were in vited to a jubilee at which a banquet was served, and the guests tripped the light fantastic step to the music of a full brass band. It was the largest personal reception that ever took place in tnis town. One of the principal figures at the re ception and ball was the "superintend ent" of the mill. Miss Belle Mackinnon. sister of the owner, without doubt one of the most remarkable women of the country. A woman of very gentle characteristics and. of a good deal of culture, she is the only woman in the country who stands next to the head of a great factory and superintends the work. She attends to every detail of the work, and has all the threads of bus! ness in her hands. She does not fill the place simply because she is the sister of the employer, but because she is capable and has worked her way up. On Thursday night fully as much honor was shown her as to her brother. The floor of the big new mill was waxed, and after the banquet the young people danced merrily till a late hour. Speeches were made during the evening by Mr. Mackinnon and other persons present. One of the enjoyable features of the evening was the friendly spirit shown by the employes in giving an oil painting of their employer to him at the banquet. Mayor Jones, of the city, made the presentation speech, and dis played the picture lighted up by the name of Mr. Mackinnon in incandescent lights. . Pneumonia Prevented. Among the tens of thousands who have used Chamberlain's Cough Remedy- for colds and la grippe during the past few years, to our knowledge, not a single rae has resulted in pneumonia. Thos. Whit field & Co., 240 Wabash avenue, Chicago, one of the most prominent retail druggists in that city, in speaking of thia, says; "We recommend Chamberlain's Cough Remedy for la grippe in many cases, as it not only gives prompt and complete re covery, but alo counteract any tendency of la grippe to result in pneumonia." For sale by ail druggists. Holiday Kates. The Missouri Pacific will sell tickets December 22, 23, 24, 25, 81 and .anuary 1, between all points within 200 miles dis tance, at rate of one fare for the round trip, with minimum of 60 cents. Chil dren between 5 and 12 years half fare. Tickets limited for return to January 2. To Cure LaGrippe, Colds or Neuralgia Take Bromoline; it will cure a cold in one day. All druggists are authorised to refund money ff it fails to cure. Price S3 cents per package. fJElV GRAUFORD THEATER. 8:15 TOI3TGHT. 8:15 THE GBEATE8T OF ALL. OilEAT ROMANI ES The Prisoner of Zenda. The Daniel Frobman production, complete In its magnificent entirety. Price 5C jsc. goc. stid ti.oo. 8:15 New Year's Hatines and Night. 8:15 A TT j iviaii'Oi .-,Myst8py. A strong cast headed by Hiss riaud Shepherd and Forest Flood. PRICES: Matinee . . t , 25c, 35c and 50c. N'gnt 35c, 35c 50c and 75c. . . . 4 8:15 Wednesday, January 2d. 8:15 - RETURN ENGAGEMENT Tl II ne - l lrs 1 Coon in Bigger, Better, Brighter, Busier than ever. Back from the Pacific Coast with everything New and Up-to-date. A Big, Jolly Performance for the Masses Popular Prices ; 15c, 25c, 35 and 50c. 8:15 Thursday, Engagement PRICES 25c, 35c 7:45 Friday, January 4th. Special Engagement of Mr. Presenting the play D Founded on Thackeray's "Vanity Fair." Prices.. $2.00, $1.50, $1.00, 75c and 50c. Reserve seat sale Monday, Dec. 31. PLEASE REMEMBER . The curtain rises for Mrs. Fiske performance at T:4L5 sharp, and that no person will be seated during the performance while curtain is up. 8: 15 Saturday, Jan. 5th. 8:15 The Bostonian Opera Co. in the "VICEROY." Seat sale opens Tuesday, January 1st, 0 a. m. 0 I i I i 1 ; H I S 1 I ri 1 1 H Jannary 3d. 8:15 J Extraordinaire EUGENIE ul 1 tl J 4 i LZ3U u u y u Direction Henri Greseitt PrenenUng tlio diHtinfruiHhod New York Wallack's Xheator nut-cess A LADY OF QUALITY By Frances Iloilgson Burnett and Stephen Townsond. Qeorgeous Costumes. Magnificent Scenery. Carriages 10: 30 p. m. li t 50, 75c $1.00 and $1.50 Piskr in four acts entitled ft Dixie 7:45 u IARP"