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The Topeka state journal. [volume] (Topeka, Kansas) 1892-1980, December 31, 1900, LAST EDITION, Image 1

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LAST EC1T10S.
MONDAY EVEN1KG.
TQPEKA, KANSAS, DECEMBER 31, 1900.
MONDAY EVENING.
TWO CENTS.
i I
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i
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'A
J"-
THROWS UP
HER HANDS.
Cliina Instructs Her Represen
tative to Sign Joint Note.
Will Trust Powers to Deal Len
iently W ith lier.
WHOLLY UNEXPECTED.
Nobody Supposed the Empress
Would Yield So Soon.
Minister Wn Finds It Hard to
Believe the Report.
Pekin. Dec. 31. The Chinese plenipo
tentiaries have been unexpectedly or
dered to sign the preliminary joint note,
and have notified the foreign envoys to
t.ia-t effect.
The Chinese themselves were greatly
rstonished at receiving the imperial in
s: ructions. Neither Li Hung Chang nor
Prince Chin.? had expected success in
persuading: the court under ten days.
The emperor's instructions are to
egree fully to the note, but to emleavor
to get the best terms possible, particu
larly in the matter of limiting the num
ber of the legation guards and also as
to the places where these are to be lo
cated. The plenipotentiaries are instructed
to endeavor to limit the number of army
posts along the line of railway to as
few as possible, and. finally, to request
the powers not to destroy the torts, but
merely to disarm them.
Li Hung Chanr.'s health is bad, and It
is doubtful whether he wiil be able to
do more than affix his signature to an
instrument delegating his powers to
Prince Ching until another plenipoten
tiary has been appointed. He was
dressed this morning and carried in a
chair to the residence of Prince Ching,
with whom he held a long consultation,
prince Ching then called upon the dean
of the diplomatic corps, the Spanish
minister. Senor de Cologan, and request
ed him to notify the other envoys that
Instructions had been received from the
emperor to sign the note.
COURT TO RETURN.
Shanghai, Dec. 31. There are persist
ent reports in circulation here that the
Imperial court is preparing to return to
Pekln. Chinese advices from the capital
pay that ninety cars with mules and
horses have been dispatched to Tai
Yuenfu to meet and bring back the im
perial personages and their entourage.
It is also asserted that Emperor
Kwang Su has summoned Hu Ping
C'hih. former governor of the province
of Shansi. to Sianfu. to accompany him
to Pekin.
The Mohammedan rising in the prov
ince of Kan Su is spreading, ami the
troops of the viceroy of the province of
Hu Nan are alone unable to hold their
own against the rebels.
WASHINGTON IS PLEASED.
Washington, Dec. 31. The report that
the Chinese plenipotentiaries had been
directed to sign the joint note is a source
of satisfaction to officials here as indi
cating a disposition on the part of the
hinese government to heed the desire
f the powers that negotiations shall
be entered on at once and the present
unsatisfactory condition of affairs ter
minated. The emperor, it was expected, would
instruct -his agents to obtain the best
terms possible. One of the principal ob-J--tions
said to have been made by the
Chinese to the location of any great
number of legation guards in Pekin is
ttutt these guards would be a menace
t the existing Chinese government. As
has already been stated in these dis
patches, the United States government
does not dtdre the absolute demolition
of the Tak'Ji forts, but simply their dis
mantlement, so that ready access to the
Chinese capital of a foreign force would
not be prevented. The demand of the
powers in the joint note, however, was
for the destruction of the forts.
The inquiries said to have been made
lay the Chinese government cf the en
voys, of which Inquiries, however, to
official Intimation has been received
from Mr. Conger, have been regarded
by the officials of this government as
r-asonable and because of this more de
lay than has occurred was expected in
The court's direction for the signature of
the note. Nothing has come from Mr-.
Conger regarding the status of the note
since a cablegram from him pome days
ag announcing that it had been pre
sented to the Chinese.
.Mr. Wu. the Chinese minister, is some
what puzzled as to just what construc
tion to place on the Pekin dispatch.
along he has recardtd jhe demands con
veyed in the joint note" as harsh and se
vere, and the statement that it had been
sitrned causes him surprise. He is in
clined to believe that, in all probability,
what the emperor has directed is that
the Chinese plenipotentiaries should dis
c.iss in a friendly manner with the en
voys the terms of the agreement, with a
vi--w, as stated in the Pekin dispatcr
t i obUtin the best terms possible along
certain specified lines and also in others
not contained in the cablegram.
WANT TO BKGIN AT ONCE.
London. D-c 21. Wiring to the Times
from Pekin yesterday. Dr. Morris' n
s-ays:
The Chinese have accepted all the
conditions of the joint note. They are
penning formal acceptance by an envoy
and ask that negotiations should com
mence forthwith and military operations
cease.
"LI Hung Chang is much better, al
though greatly shaken.
"r ive expeditions are now operating
Kvery report tells of increasing unrest.
The policy of depriving the Chinese of
all power to exercise authority is spread
ing disorder broadcast and forcing
peaceful Chinese into opposition."
It a dispatch dated December "S Dr.
Morrison sends a long protest against
Oerman harshness, which, he savs. is
creating instead of checking disorder.
He accuses the Germans of harrying the
country and punishing the innocent and
T:ie guilty lndischiminately in order to
levy fines for defraying their own milita
ry expenses and to form an excuse for
continued hostile occupation.
He also charges Count von Waldersee
with a breach of faith on the ground
that he gave Li Hung Chang a map de
fining the area cf the occupation in the
-vince of Chi Li and indicated the dis
lr:ct beyond which the allies would not
operate, and yet allowed the German
troops to inflict severe, punishment upon
the Chinese at Tsangehau and Tuns
ching, both of which are outside the
l--a.
iiepeatin: his statement that the Ger- I
mans are preparing for 'an expedition to
Sianfu in the spring and also foment 'n,..
trouble in the Tangtse vallt-y,. Pr J '
risen says:
"The question arises whether the o, -casion
should not be seized to separate
the British troops from Count von Wai
dersee's command."
THE CHINESE SCATTERED.
Berlin, Dec. 31. Count von Watdersee
reports to the war office, under late of
Pekin, December 29:
The Chinese who fled south were pur
sued by Iriost's squadron to So-Kien,
160 kilometers southwest of Pekin, where
the Chinese, scattered. Grueberg's col
umn seized great quantities of muni
tions, quick firing and Krupp guns.Max
ini rifles, etc., at Si-Nan-Chen. 21 kilo
meters east of Paoti-Hsien, which had
been abandoned by the fleeing Chinese."
CONFIRMED BY CONGER.
Washington. Dec. 31. The state de
partment has received from Minister
Conger a dispatch dated December 30,
announcing that the Chinese plenipoten
tiaries have notified the representatives
of the powers that the emperor decrees
the acceptance of their demands as a
whole and Prince Ching requires further
conference.
They also desire that military excur
sions to the interior should cease.
It is well known that the last request
is in accordance with the views of the
president.
A STROKE OF DIPLOMACY.
Washington, Dec. 31. In diplomatic
quarters the acceptance given by the
Chinese envoys is regarded as a most
ingenious stroke of diplomacy. Among
diplomatic offieTals it is said that this is
not an unconditional acceptance, al
though it is such a concurrence in the
general principle of the note that the
powers can "hot well set it aside. It ap
pears to be directed toward reopening
the word "irrevocable" and securing
more definite and, if possible, more
moderate conditions on some of the
points involved. It is not clear whether
the envoys will sign the note first and
then ask for negotiations or endeavor
to ameliorate the terms before the final
signatures are affixed. In any event it
is felt that the graver featuress of the
trouble are overcome by the submissive
attitude of the emperor and but little
remains now but to perfect the details
of the peace treaty on the general lines
heretofore laid down.
Minister Wu is back from his trip to
Mont Clair, N. J., but is still without
advices from Pekin as to what has been
done. The report of an edict from the
emperor directing an acceptance has not
reached the minister, so that he had no
occasion today to confer with the state
department.
CHINA'S ANXIETY.
It Is For Foreign Occupation to End
as Early as Possible.
New York, Dec. 31. A specal to the
Heiald from Washington says:
China is anxious that foreign occupa
tion of her territory shall come to ar.
end as promptly as possible, as it is con -stantly
causing disorder and is an ob
stacle to a. peaceful adjustment of af
fairs. id view of the prospect that each na
tion will hereafter maintain a legation
.guard in Pekin, China is anxious that it
shall be reduced to as small a number
as the powers can be induced to desig
nate. China regards the American force
constituting theAmcriean legation guard
as altogether too large. It numbers l.SM
men, but Chinese diplomats here point
dut that if each nation maintains a
guard of this strength Pekin will be un
der the control of a force of 14.4u0 foreign
troops. There are now in China about
luO.oOO allied troops. Officials of the ad
ministration insist that it is absolutely
necessary to maintain in Pekin the force
now there, declaring that the interests of
the United States could not be protected
with a smaller number. Gen. Chaffee is
in control of a section of Pekin, and a
few days ago sent out an expedition to a
point south of the city. Adjutant Gen
eral Corbin denied today most emphati
cally that this column was in any sense
punitive. There are to be no executions
nor is there to be any interference with
Chinese officials: the duty of the column
is to rescue some missionaries and re
turn with them to Pekin.
It is the belief of Chinese diplomats i.i
Washington that had Minister Conger
communicated to Prince Ching and I.i
Hung Chang the danger In which the
American missionaries were supposed to
be the Chinese authorities would imme
diately have taken measures for their,
rescue and protection from injury. It is
expected that as a result of the Ameri
can expedition the American troops wiil
be confounded wth those of other pow
ers which have been guilty of atrocities,
and the hatred felt for the Germans,
British and others will extend to the
Americans.
China feels able at this juncture, it is
said, to protect all foreigners and it seems
to be the belief here that the reports of
danger to American missionaries are got
ten up to prevent a solution of the Chi
nese question.
In view of China's preservation of order
outside of Pekin. and of her willingness
to protect foreigners, and the fact that
the imperial court, whose presence in Pe
kin is so desirable, will not return to the
capital until the foreign troops leave, well
informed public men here ae advocating
the immediate withdrawal of General
Chaffee's command ami its dispatch to the
Philippines, where regulars are needed to
take the places of the volunteers who will
return, beginning next month, to San
Francisco.
Adjutant General Corbin said last night
that tile America.n troons ih Chim. are
the Ninth regiment or infantry. one squad
ron of the Sixth cavalrv and batterv F
of the Fifth artillery. Since October "3,Sf0
men have left China and proceeded to the
Philippines.
There is no doubt that the adminlstra.
tion is anxious to terminate the occupa
tion of China by foreign troops and It is
stated positively that as soon as tins can
be done General Chaffee's command will
be withdrawn, the United Stales merely
reserving the right to maintain a lega
tion guard in Pekin, the privilege to be
iHH.cn advantage ot in case the American
location should again be endangered. All
the other powers are retaining in Pekin
and the province of Chi Li an ex
ceedingly stroc force, both to impress
each other and repress China. The with
drawal of all the American troops at this
juncture would, administration officials
fear, cause a loss of prestiee bv this gov
ernment and prevent Minister Conger
maintaining the commanding position he
now occupies.
As explained by an administration of
ficial, the situation in the Philippines re
auires that all American troops available
shad be stationed in the archipelago.
There are less than 60.un effectives in the
Islands. Major General MacArthur thinks
the situation demands that there should
be at least this number of effectives.
JAIL QUARANTINED,
Mrs. Carrie Nation Will Raid No
More Bars For 21 Days.
"Wichita, Kan., Dec. 3L The county
jail has been quarantined on account of
smallpox within and Mrs. Carrie Nation
who raided the Carey hotel bar, having
failed to give bond, must stay thre 21
days.
BEATEN BY BOERS
British Compelled to Surrender
Post at Helvetia.
Sustain a Loss of 50 Killed and
Wounded 200 Missing.
KIMBERLEY ISOLATED.
Large Parties Roaming at Will
: Oyer Cape Colony.
Prepared to Concentrate When
BeWet Says the Word.
- London, Dec. 31. The war office has
received the following dispatch from
Lord Kitchener: '
"Pretoria, Dec. 30, 7:50 a. m. General
Lyttleton reports that our post at Hel
vetia was captured yesterday morning
by the Boers. About fifty were killed
and wounded and 200 taken prisoners.
"Colonel Kitchener reports that he is
following with a small force in the track
of the enemy, Helvetia being reoccupied
by Reeves, who has been reinforced
from Belfast.
"Helvetia was a very strong position
on the Machadodorp-Lydenberg railway
and was held by a detachment of the
Liverpool regiment. Am asking for fur
ther information."
Commenting upon the Helvetia dis
aster, the Daily Mail calls upon the gov-
' eminent to send out at least oO.OOO ad
I ditional mounted men.
I While Lord Kitchener sends bad news
i for Lngland on the closing day of the
year, the press continues to take a sur
: prisingly hopeful view of a grave situa-
tion and of revelations of an enormously
wide field of Boer activity. General De
Wet is still at large. Kimberley is iso
lated. The Boers are in force enough
to have captured a strong position at
Helvetia, in the Lydenberg district,
while, judging from Lord Kitchener's
very recent advices, no progress is being
made against the Boer invaders in Cape
Colony.
According to further telegrams re
ceived yesterday, Zerust is practically
besieged, but has provisions sufficient
for five months. The garrison at Ottos
hoop has been withdrawn to Lichten
berg. A dispatch from Carnavon, dated yes
terday, reports that the Boers who have
been threatening that point were driven
oft and are being pursued.
"It is evident," says a belated mes
sage from Krugersdorp, dated Decem
ber 23, "that the Boer commissariat in
the direction of the Magaliesburg is well
supplied and that, until the country be
tween here and the Magaliesburg is
properly cleared of Boers they will con
tinue to concentrate there, the ground
being particularly adapted to their
methods of warfare."
The Boers admit that in their fight
with General Clements at Nooitgedacht
they lost 1X0 men.
"It is understood that Lord Kitchener
can not ask the colonies officially to, send
troops." says a Durban dispatch, dated
December i, "but he desires it to be
known in Australia and Canada that
Australians and Canadians arriving in
Natal wiil be eligible for immediate en
listment in the irregular corps which is
proceeding to Johannesburg for five
months' service."
To emphasize Lord Kitchener's covert
admission that no progress is being
made against the invasion of Cape
Colony, a correspondent at Burghers
dorp, wiring Saturday, reports as fol
lows :
"Two fresh commandoes are entering
the colony. One has already crossed
near Knaapdaar. and the arrival of an
other is momentarily expected in the
Steynsberg district. The Boers are said
to have no guns or transport, but are
well supplied with Lee-Metford rifles
and ammunition. Captured Boers say
that the intention of these commandoes
is to roam about and wait until General
De Wet appears upon the scene."
All dispatches arriving in London
agree that the Cape Dutch show no in
clination to rise, but on the contrary
appear to be tired of the war and de
sirous of peace. Many refuse to suppy
the Boers with food and are willing
to give information to the British re
garding Boer movements.
Details of the Greylingstad affair
show that while Colville's column was
pursuing the Boers, a second force of
400 of the enemy was seen moving
toward the camp, where the British
transport was inspanned.
The small British force made a plucky
stand until reinforcements arrived with
artillery, and after a severe fight the
Boers were defeated. The British losses
altogether were nine killed and sixty
three wounded and missing. The Boers
are said to have 31 killed.
Lord Kitchener, wiring from Pretoria,
Saturday. December 29, says:
"There is not much change in the situ
ation in Cape Colony. The eastern
force of the enemy appears to have
broken up in small parties at Utrecht
and to be moving about rapidly in the
same district, evidently waiting for sup
port from the north.
"The last report states that the. west
ern force is moving to Carnarvon. De
Lisle and Thornycroft are in close pur
suit. "French has occupied Ventorsdorp.
Clements reports that he is opposed on
the road to Rustenburg. The eastern
line was blown up near Pan, and a
train was held up this morning on the
Standerton line near Vaal station.
"White's column has arrived at Sen
ekal. Knox's column and Boye's bri
gade are holding De Wet from breaking
south."
IT WAS A SURPRISE.
London. Dec. 31. General Kitchener,
telegraphing from Pretoria, Sunday,
December 30. says:
"The post at Helvetia was surprised
at 2:30 a. m.. the enemy first rushing a
4.7 gun. At dawn the officer command
ing the post at Swartzkopjes sent out a
patrol and shelled the enemy out of
Helvetia, making them abandon the gun
temporarily. The ' Boers, however,
formed our prisoners around the gun
and got away eventually. No ammu
nition belonging to the gun was cap
tured. The casualties were four officers
wounded, eleven men killed and twenty
two wounded. A column was sent out
from Machadodorp, but owing to bad
roads it failed to arrive In time."
NOTICE.
Persons desiring to attend watch ser
rice tonight at the churches at Sixth
and Harrison street and Eighth and
Harrison streets will find cars in wait
ing at the conclusion of the service.
Persons desiring to attend the cere
mony of ushering in the 20th century at
the Auditorium will find cars at the
transfer station at one o'clock a. m.,
for North Topeka, Potwin, West Tenth,
and West Twelfth street.
Dec. 31st. 1900.
STORM WAS GENERAL
Snow and Cold Extend Through
out the West and North..
Cheyenne, Wyo., Dec. 31. A general
snow storm has prevailed over the east
ern "and central sections of Wyoming
during the past two days. On Powder
river and Salt creek the snow is very
deep. Much difficulty in feeding stock
is experienced although no serious dam
age is yet reported.
Walsenburg, Colo., Dec 31. It has
been storming at intervals in this sec
tion for several days and the roads lead
ing to the summit of Mount Blanc are
impassable. Fears had been enter
tained for the safety of the hundred or
more miners on the top of the moun
tain who had yet not laid in their win
ter's supply of provisions. People liv
ing at the base of the mountain say,
however, that if they were in danger
of a scant food supply, some of them
would have cut their way through be
fore this and called upon the neighbor
ing camps for help.
Des Moines, la., Dec. 31. Iowa ex
perienced her first severe snow storm of
the season last night. It began with a
strong wind at 4 o'clock yesterday after
noon, and continued with a light fall
of snow until 6 o'clock this morning.
It covered the entire state. Trains are
delayed somewhat. The thermometer
registered 8 below at 4 o'clock.
Omaha, Neb., Dec. 31. A furious bliz
zard began in the eastern part of Ne
braska at 8 o'clock this morning, con
tinuing throughout the day, and last
night extends over the state and as far
west as Cheyenne. In this city, the
street car traffic is badly blocked. There
is a high wind and heavy snow, which
cleared the streets of pedestrians at an
early hour. Several signs were blown
down, but, so far as known, no person
has been injured.
Denver. Col., Dec. 31. A blizzard vis
ited Colorado Saturday night and Sun
day. The temperature is falling in most
sections and at several, places the fall of
snow has been quite heavy. Railroad
traffic, though not seriously affected, has
been interrupted and trains are all ar
riving late. No great damage to live
stock has been reported.
St. Joseph. Mo.; Dec. 31 A severe
snow storm set in late yesterday . with
a constantly lowering temperature. Tel
egraphic reports from all sections of
Kansas, Nebraska, Jowa and northern
Missouri show the ;fall to be heavy.
Winter wheat in many sections of these
states, as well as throughout the west
generally, has been greatly in need of a
heavy blanket of snow, which will af
ford ample moisture as well as protec
tion to the grain from severe freezing.
28 BELOW ZERO.
Denvef, Colo., Dee. 31. Eighteen de
grees below zero was the temperature
record at the government weather sta
tion in this city and at Cheyenne, Wyo.,
at 8 a. m. today. The coldest place in
the country is Lander, Wyo., where 28
below was recorded. The sncw fall has
ceased and warmer , .-eath'v tomorrow
is predicted for the Rocky Mountain
region.
LU.GETS $20,000
" Free State Hotel " is to Be
Paid For.
Congress Will Act Favorably
Upon the Bill.
Washington, D. C, Dec. 31. A bill will
be passed by congress during the next
week or two allowing $20,000 damages
for the destruction of the old "Free State
hotel" or Eldridge House at Lawrence.
As is well known in Kansas history this
building was destroyed on May 20, 1856,
by Deputy United States Marshal and
Sheriff Jones,' with a posse, who acted
directly on the findings of the United
States grand jury sitting at that time at
Lecompton.
This bill was originally presented i-J
the senate by Senator Harris. It passed
that body last session, but met a Wa
terloo in the house. The senator renew
ed his efforts and secured the passage
of the bill again in the senate this ses
sion, when Congressman Bowersock in
troduced it in the house. It has been re
ported on favorably by the house com
mittee on claims, and as well reported
on the calendar. Congressman Bower
sock, in speaking of the bill, said there
was little or no doubt regarding its pas
sage, and that it was only a matter of
taking its turn on the calendar for final
disposition.
The present beneficiary of this bill, the
University of Kansas, is the assignee or
transferree of the original claim from
damages against the United States sus
tained by the New England Emigrant
Aid company, a Massachusetts corpora
tion, in 1S56.
This claim grew out of the early trou
bles in Kansas, preceding the late civil
war. The material facts and circumstan
ces in relation to it have gone down in
the state's history with marked promi
nance. The New England Emigrant Ai 1
company had erected a large and well
coTistructed hotel at Lawrence, thor
oughly furnished and equipped, and var
ious outbuildings. This hotel was three
stories high, with a basement. It was
said at that time to have been the finest
hotel west of St. Louis, and, together
with its furniture and other buildings,
was worth about J25.000.
On the 5th day of May, 1836, the grand
jury made a presentment against this
structure, in which it was set forth that
the same was a nuisance and had "been
constructed with a view to military oc
cupation and defense, thereby endanger
ing the public safety and encouraging
rebellion and sedition in the country,"
and they thereby recommended that the
nuisance be abated.
Thereupon, on the 21st day of May of
the same year, a deputy Unted States
marshal, claming to act under the auth
ority of the United States district court
for the territory, assembled a large poste
and razed the structure to the ground,
making It a total loss.
It seems to be clearly demonstrated
that this action of the grand jury, on
which the deputy marshal assumed to
act was unjustifiable, and the destruc
tion of the property by positive and di
rect orders of the officers of the United
States was therefore clearly unwarrant
able. .
The New England Emigrant Aid com
pany memorialized congress several
times on the subject and sought to have
a reimbursement of the loss it had sus
tained, but not succeeding in its own
rights, and despairing of ever being abl
to secure anything for itself out of this
claim, recently assigned the same to the
present beneficiary of this bill the Kan
sas State university.
L. W. T HA VIS.
HEARD BTL1AI3Y.
Got. Theodore Roosevelt's 'Ad
dress to the Y. M. C. A.
Audiences Listen Throughout
the Country.
READ BY SECRETARIES
Who Had Received Copies of It
in Advance.
Do Not Be Hard Hearted Nor
Soft Headed, He Said.
New York. Dec. 31. Governor Roose
velt spoke yesterday afternoon at Car
negie hall before an audience of young
men that completely filled the house. It
was a mass meeting arranged by the
Y. M. C. A. of the city, but it was some
what unique, in the fact that the chief
speaker was, in a way, addressing more
than 100 other audiences throughout the
country. It has been arranged so that
copies of Governor Roosevelt's address
had been secured in advance and sent
to secretaries of associations throughout
the country, and It was said that the
address was read aloud at more than
100 other meetings at the same hour.
William E. Dodge presided, and among
those on the platform were Gen. O. O.
Howard, Gen. Jolm R. Brooke, and vari
ous officers from the harbor forts and
the navy yard. There were also more
than 100 bluejackets and soldiers pres
ent, most of whom are members of the
army and navy branch of the associa
tion. The New York festival chorus had
elevated seats on the platform and, con
ducted by Morgan, the director, rendered
musical selections.
Mr. Dodge spoke briefly on the history
of the Y. M. C. A. and then eulogized
Colonel Roosevelt in the various capaci
! ties in which he is known to the public.
The vice president-elect was received
witn prolonged applause. He spoke as
follows:
ROOSEVELT'S ADDRESS.
"It is a peculiar pleasure to me to
come before you today to greet you and
to bear testimony to the great good
that has been done by these Young
Men's and Young Women's Christian
associations throughout the . United
States and the Dominion of Canada.
More and more we are getting to recog
nize the law of combination. This is
true of many phases in our industrial
life, and it is equally true of the world
of philanthropic effort. Nowhere is it,
or will it ever be, possible to supplant
individual effort and individual initia
tive; but. in addition to this, there must
be work in combination. More and
more this is recognized as true, rtot only
in charitable work proper, but in that
best form of philanthropic endeavor
where we do good to ourselves by all
joining together to do good to one an
other. This is exactly what is done in
your associations.
"It seems to me that there are several
reasons why you are entitled to especial
recognition from all who are Interested
in the betterment of our American so
cial system. First and foremost your
organization recognizes the vital need
of brotherhood, the most vital of all our
needs here in this great continent. The
existence of a Young Men's or. Young
Women's Christian association is cer
tain proof that some people at least Vec
ognize in practical shape the identity
of aspiration and interest, both in things
material and in things higher, which
with us must be widespread through the
masses of the people, if the national life
is to attain full development. This
spirit of brotherhood recognizes of
necessity both the need of self-help and
also the need of helping others in the
only way which ever ultimately does
great good; that is, of helping them to
help themselves. Every man of us
needs such help at some time, and each
of us should be glad to stretch out his
hand to a brother who stumbles. But
while every man needs at times to be
lifted up when he stumbles, no man can
afford to let himself be carried, and it is
worth no man's while to try thus to
carry some one else. The man who lies
down, who will not try to walk, has be
come a mere cumberer of the earth's
surface.
MAKE MEN SELF-HELPFUL.
"These associations of yours try to
make men self-helpful and to iielp them
when they are self-helpful. They do
not try merely to carry them, to ben
efit them for the moment at the cost
of their future undoing. This means
that all in any way connected with
them, not merely retain, but increase,
their self-respect. Any man who takes
part in the work of such an organiza
tion is benefited to some extent and ben
efits the community to some extent of
course, always with the proviso that the
organization is well managed, and is
run on a business basis, as well as with
a philanthropic purpose.
"The feeling of brotherhood i3 neces
sarily as remote from a patronizing
spirit on the one hand as from a spirit
of envy and malice on the other. The
best work for our uplifting must be done
by ourselves, and yet with brotherly
kindness for our neighbor. In such
work. and. therefore, in the ki.id of
work done by the Young Men's Chris
tian associations, we all stand on the
self-respecting basis of mutual benefit
and common effort. All of us who take
part in any such work, in whatever
measure, both receive and confer ben
efits. This is true of the founder and
giver, and it is no less true of every
man who takes advantage of what the
founder and giver have done. This
brotherhood makes us all realize how
much we have in - common, and how
much we can do when we work in com
mon. I doubt if it is possible to over
estimate the good done by the mere
fact of association with a common in
terest and for a common end, and when
the common interest' is high and the
common end peculiarily worthy, the
good done is of course many times in
creased. "Besides developing this sense of
brotherhood, the feeling which breeds
respect both for one's self and for oth
ers, your associations have a peculiar
value in showing what can be done by
acting in combination without aid from
the state. While on the one hand it
has become evident that under the con
ditions of modern life we cannot allow
an unlimited individualism which may
work harm to the community, it is no
less evident that the sphere of the state's
action should be extended very cautious
ly, and so far as possible only where it
wii not crush out healthy individual
initiative. Voluntary action by individ
uals in the form of associations of any
kind for mutual betterment or mutual
advantage often offer a way to avoid
alike the danger of state control and the ,
dangers of excessive individualism. This
is particularly true of efforts for that
most Important of all forms of better
ment, moral betterment the moral bet
terment which usually brings material
betterment in its train.
UNION OF FORCES NECESSARY.
"It is only in this way by all of us
working together m a spirit of brother
hood, by each doing his part for the
betterment of himself and of others,
that it is possible for us to solve bfie tre
mendous problems with which, as a na
tion, we are . now confronted. Our in
dustrial life has become so complex, its
rate i of movement so very rapid and
specialization and differentiation so in
tense that we find ourselves face to face
with conditions that were practically
unknown in this nation half a century
ago. The power of the forces of evil
has been greatly increased, and it is
necessary for our self-preservation that
we should similarly strengthen the
forces for good. We are all of us bound
to work toward this end. No one of us
can do everything, but each of us can
do something, and if we work together
the aggregate of these somethings will
be very considerable.
"There are, of course, a thousand dif
ferent ways in which the work can be
done, and each man must choose as his
tastes and his powers bid him, if he is
to do the best of which he is capable.
But all the kinds of work must be car
ried along on certain definite lines if
good is to come. All the work must be
attempted as on the whole this Young
Men's Christian Association work has
been done; that is. in a spirit of good
will towajd all and not of hatred
toward some; in a spirit ia which to
broad charity for mankind there is
added a keen and healthy sanity of
mind. We must retain our self-respect,
each and all of us, and we must beware
alike of mushy sentimentality and of
envy and hatred.
WARNING AGAINST SENTIMEN
TALITY. "It ought not to be necessary for me
to warn you against mere sentimentali
ty, against the philanthropy and charity
which are not merely insufficient but
harmful. It is eminently desirable that
we should none of us be hard hearted,
but it is no less desirable that we should
not be soft headed. I really do not
know which quality is most productive
of evil to mankind in the long run, hard
ness of heart or softness of head. Naked
charity is not what we permanently
want. There are, of course, certain
classes such as young children, widows
with large families or crippled or very
aged people, or even strong men tem
porarily crushed by stunnlngmisfortune,
on whose behalf we may have to make
a frark and direct appeal to charity,
and who can be the recipients of it
without any loss of self-respect. But
taking us as a w hole.taking the mass of
Americans, we do not want charity, we
do not want sentimentality; we merely
want to learn how to act both individ
ually and together in such fashion as
to enable us to hold our own in the
world, to do good to others according
to the measure of our opportunities, and
to receive good from others in ways
which will not entail on our part any
loss of self-respect.
"It ought to be no less unnecessary Tor
me to sav that any man who tries to
oriva tti srreHt nrnhletns that confront us
4by an appeal to anger and passion, to ig
norance anu itjii.v, lw u.i.. c
is not, and never can be, aught but an
enemy of the very people he professes to
befriend. In the words of Lowell, it Is
far safer to adopt for a motto, 'AH men
up' than 'Some men down.' Speaking
broadlv. we cannot in the long run benefit
one man by the downfall of another. Our
energies can as a rule be employed to
much better advantage in uplifting some
than in pulling down others, of course
there must sometimes dp jm k
too. We have no business to blink evils,
and where it is necessary that the knlfo
should be used, let it be used unsparingly,
but let it be used intelligently. VV lin
there is need of a drastic remedy, apply
it. but do not apply it in the mere spirit
of hate. Normally, a pound of construc
tion is worth a ton of destruction;
MONEY NOT TUB ONLY GOOD THING
"There is degradation to us if we feel
enw and malice and hatred of one's
neighbor, for anv cause, and if we envy
him merely because of his riches, we show
we have ourselves low ideals. Money is a
good thing. It Is a foolish affectation to
deny it. But it Is not the only good thinE.
and after a certain amount has been
amassed it ceases to be the chief even of
material good things. It is far better,
for instance, to do well a bit fo work
which is well worth doing. I do not care
whether this work is that of an engineer
on a great railroad or captain of a fishing
boat, or foreman in a factory or machine
shop, or section boss, or division chief, or
assistant astronomer in an observatorv.
or a second lieutenant somewhere in China
or the Philippines, each man of these hns
an important piece of work and if he i
realllnv interested in it and has the right
stuff in him he will be altogether too
proud of what he is doing and too Intent
on doing it well, to waste his time in en
vving others.
"From the days when the chosen people
received this decalogue, to our own, envy
and malice have been recognized as evils,
and woo to those who appeal to them. To
break the Tenth commandment is no more
moral now than it has been for the past
thirty centuries. The vice of envy is not
onlv a dangerous but also a mean vice,
for it is always a confession of inferiority.
It may provoke conduct which will be
fruitful of wrongdoing to others: and it
must caue misery to the man who feel
it. It will not be any the less fruitful of
wrong and misery if. as is often the case
with evil motives, it adopts some hinh
sounding alias. The truth Is, gentlemen,
that each one of us has In him certain
passions and instincts which, if they gain
the upper hand in his soul, would mean
that the wild beast had come uppermost
in him. Envy, malice and hatred are such
passions, and they are just as had if di
rected against a class or group of men
as if directed against an individual. What
we need in our leaders and teachers Is
help in suppressing such feelings, help in
arousing and directing the feelings that
are their extreme opposite Woe to us
as a nation if we ever follow the lead of
men who seek not to smother but to in
flame the wild beast qualities of the hu
man heart! In social and Industrial no
less than in political reform we can do
healthy work, work fit for a free country,
fit for a self-governing democracy, only
by treading in the footsteps of Washing
ton and Franklin and Adams and Patrick
Henry, and not In the steps of Marat and
Robespierre.
HOME IS THE BASTS.
"So far what I hae had to say hai
dealt mainly with our relations with one
another in what may be called the serv
ice of the state. Mut the basis of good
citizenship is in the home. A man must
be a good son. husband and father, a
woman a good daughter, wife and mother,
first and foremost. There must be no
shirking of duties in big things or little
things. The man who will not work hard
for his wife and little ones: the woman
who shrinks from bearing' and rearing
many healthy children: these have no
place among the men and worne who are
striving upward and onward. Of course,
the family is the foundation of
all the things in the state. Sins
against pure and healthy family life are
those which of all Iniquities are sure in
the end to be visited most heavily upon
the nation in which they take place. We
must beware, moreover, not merely of the
great sins, but of the lesser ones which
when taken' together cause such an ap
palling aggregate of misery and wrontr.
The drunkard, the lewd liver, the coward,
the liar, the dishonest man. the man who
is brutal to or neglectful of parents, wife
or children of all of these the shrift
should be short when we speak of decent
citizenship. Every ounce of effort for
good in your associations is part of th
ceaseless war asainst the trUlts which
produce such men. But in addition to
condemning the grosser forms of evil we
must not forget to condemn also the evils
of bad temper, lack of gentleness, nagging
(Continued on Seventh Paee.)
ZERO WEATHER.
Mercurj In TopeUa Ilcgistered
Two Above.
At Goodland It Went Doyyii to
14 Below.
ENTIRE DAY SUNDAY
Blizzard Kaged From ilorniug
Till Night at Dodge City.
Light Snow Pell All Over the
State.
The first real enow etorm of Ui wa
eon began to fall in this city last r itut
at about 6:30 and continued for only a
few hours. The weather man givrs as
surance that there is no mora enow D
follow this storm, at least not soon, ar. l
that New Year's day will te bright an 1
clear. Orf the western border of th.?
state 14 degrees below zero was reached
and In Colorado the iiieioiry went as
low as 18.
The temperature fell Tim lowest in To
peka tiiis morning when at 8 o'clock tin
thermometer registered two dcgrr.t
above zertx Last night at 7 o'clock th.?
mercury was IS degrees above and at
midnight 13 degrees above. The hourjjs
temperatures until noon today ar
1 a. m., 11 degrees ahov?.
2 a. m., 10 decrees above.
3 a. m., ! degree above.
4 a. ni., 7 degrees above.
5 a. m., degreo above,
6 a. nr., 4 degrees above.
7 a. m., 3 degrees above.
S a. m., Z decrees above.
9 a. m., 3 degres above.
10 a. in., 0 degrees Hitovu.
11 a. m., 7 degrees above. I ,
12 m.f 10 degrees above.
In western Kansas and Colorado the
intensest cold prevailed, so far reported
In this section of the country. Oomliunil
reports the thermometer 1 degree lw
low zero. From la. Junta, still luwer
temperatures are ieorted. Over that
part of the Santa Kn division in Col
orado the temperature ranged from 11 to
IS degrees below.
At Dodge City a blizzard raited ail
day. At Hurt on a northwest wind pre
vailed, light snow felt and the tlu-rnuin-eter
was 2 to 7 degrees above.
Herington, Dec. .11. Clear and nltri
weather prevails, varyinc to livht -north
west wind; 5 to 15 degit es above z. t o in
tne temperature reported over tins di
vision of the Rock Island.
Fairbury, Neb., IH-c. :sl. Snow fell in
this section from here tn Omaha. ' t.
weather is rep'n ted from nutnv pi le s,
varying to 5 and 6 degrees , hove.
Chickasha, I. T., Dec. St. The went her
Is cloudy here, with a brisk northwest
wind blowing and the thermometer reg
istering at 15 decrees.
Wellington. Dec. A lipht mow fell
here last night and the th. minim ter
registers IS degrees this morning.
Dodge City. Dec. .11. A hlizirrl was
In progress here newrly all day Siimlnv.
I rains were late, but not much troul.l..
was experienced n most of them wr
cut in two. A heavy wind bcoihiih n i.t
the snow storm. Snow whs falling incut
of the day. The storm was r. pnrt-il
prevalent all over tha division to New
ton. Amarillo, Tex., Dec. 31. Zero wuther
prevails In the Panhandle. A Imf t
snow is falling, driven by a northwest
wind.
Alarceline. Mo., Dec. 21. A liRht snow
fell here last night. ol.ring, cold tin
morning. At 8 o'clock this morning tha
temperature was 4 decree above zero.
Chillfeothe, 111., Dec. 31. The tempera
ture at 8 o'clock this morning etood ut'
20 degrees above zero. A jiwht fall of
snow occurred all over the Hate during
the night.
LOSS OFS400.000
Ilellaire Stamping Works
llarfey, 111., Burned.
nt
SeTen Hundred Hands Thrown
Out of Emplornient.
Chicago, Dec. 31. Fire destroyed tha
Bellaire Stamping company' jplant at
Harvey, HI., early today, causing a Ion
of J400.000, and throwing TOO men, boy
and girls out of employment. Inauranoo
to the value of 375.0(0 was carried, oa
the plant.
A high wind carried great quantities
of burning material alxiut the village,
threatening its destruction. Citlzna
formed a bucket brlgadn and prevented
the spread of the flames.
At 3 30 a. rn. the water nupply gav
out. To add to Uio excitement several
tanks, two of them filled with tmphtlm
exploded. Fragments of Iron flew al
most everywhere, but no one was seri
ously injured. When the water fail.-d
the firemen left the factory, which w asi
burning fiercely, -to its fate, and turneti
their attention to surrounding pinerty.
Several buddings Buffeted Blight dutu
age. A HEAVY EXPLOSION.
Out of 500 Men at Work but
Two Were Injured.
Wilkeabarre, Pa 1 . .11 A lu ivy
explosion of gas occurred in the 1 1 1 1 n -back
mine of the Lehigh A- V lik'-sbn , i
Coal company today. It set lire t.i i h"
woodwork but w as quickly ' M i u i -li -ed.
Five hundred men wen- ci''kln
at the time. All succeeded In
out safely with the exception of tw.
who were badly burned. They it i
Ignatz Cray, miner, bin no I luterni: lly.
He was taken to Mercy hospital in a
dying condition. A Inborn', nam'1 ti I
given, was badly burned. Tin- mi l m
one of the itu-st gnseotiH in the Hnlhra
cite region, ful when the cxpiophm oc
curred, it was at once oonciuOed fiit
there had been loss of life. W hen tin
men reached the surface they rejoice!
over their escape.
Weather Indications.
Chicago, Dec. 31. Forecast for Kan
sas: Fair tonight and Tuesday; not avi
cold Tuesday; variable w indi

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