Pal 11.50:10 EEVIS
Western Locomotives Converted
Into Oil Burners.
Santa Fe'Uoiler Makers Sent to
Make the Changes.
THIS WILL BE CHEAPER
Coal and Wood Are Expensive in
Oil Relieves tLe Firemen of All
The departure of seven boilermakers
for Albuquerque, N. yesterday is
an event of some importance to, railroad
men- These men will do work on the
engines heretofore burning coal, and
will put them in shape for consuming
uetroleurn instead. This Is a move that
lhas been anticipated for some, time by
the Santa. Fe, provided the oil-burners
already in use proved to be a success.
They seem to have found much favor,
and it is predicted that some day oil
mill entirely supersede coal aa a fuel for
The Topeka. men who, went west Yes
terday are prepared to stay three
months or a. little longer if necessary.
'3 hey are to report at Albuquerque. but
tneir work will extend from tnere to
'-' Fan Francisco, and it is expecte-d that
by the first of April there, will .be 150
more CrIg-illeS consuming- petroleum in
stead of coal.
This matter of changing fuels is un
dertaken with the same thought in mind
as. all such changesthat of economy.
In the west. particularly, coal and wood
are very costly fuels and obtained many
times only after being- shipped long dis
tances and handled several times by the
r,tilroad compani, s. On the other hand,
is cheaply handled, often near by,
and appears to be a better fuel than
coal. In California petroleum is even
tisel on the public roads to settle the
In making the alterations by which
oil is to take the place of coal, but few
ti re necessary on the locomotive proper.
I;ot on the regular water tank must be
placed an oil tank with a capacity of
several hundred gallons, and the con
E: ruction of this additional container for
oil is what will require most of the
time of the boilermakers.
Santa Fe firemen will perhaps appre
ciate the innovation more than any
other people. The introduction of larger
engines arid the increase of tonnage of
trains has made their lot much harder
than formerly. With oil burners fire
men are still necessary, but they earn
their money much more easily than
:when heaving coal into, a fire-box. It ,
said. however, that locomotives con- ,
suming oil become rnore dirty than coal
burners, and in the combustion of oil
there is a, g-reater quantity of smoke resulting-
than in that of coal.
The Santa Fe men who went out yes
terday are pleased with the. prospect of
good w-agea. spending the winter in an
equable elimat., and of returning to
trapeka when the work in the, west is
ci,,ne. The names of the men 8,re:
it! Walter Lavyer, William Grant. Thomas
ltulville, P. C. Spalm, George Williams,
I-'red Rolnick and Ray Near.
SHIPPERS MUST PAY.
Kailroads Will Charge For Unloading
After February 1 transmissouri lines
(ihaege shirperS for unloading and
rtoring ear load freight at points whete
there are no public warehouses. Tbe
charges to be made are three-quartets
of a, per 10) pounds for unloa,ding
Lind one-quarter of a. cent for 100 pounds
per day nsr storage.
This was decided at a meeting of the
?dissouri Valley Car Service association
and the MOW. is intended to facilitate
he handling of freight ears. The follow
ing roads were represented by officials
of either car service or operating de
partments: Atehison. Topeka, ey, Santa. Pe, Bur
lington, hock Island. -Wabash, St. Louis ,
& San Francisco, Missouri Pacific, Kan- ,
leis City Northwesern, Kansas City
'Northern Connect ing, Ka,nsas City ,
b:outhern, St. Joe & Grand Island. Kan-1
City. Fort Scott ez. Memphis and
:missouri, Kansas & Texas.
t-nder the present system no charge is
made for the unloading and storage (A'
freight in railroad freight houses at
points in transmissourl territory. For
years there has been a charge connect-I
ed with the holding of loaded cars at
points of destinatiombut when cars ware
unloaded by railroad companies in order I
to use the equipment no charge has
'been made for the work and storage.
Under the new plan the charge in the,
event of unloading and storing will be
proportionate with that made when cars
remain unloaded after the prescribed
limit. liy this means railroads will be
enabled to unload ears immediately on
tile expiration of the time allowed by
car service rules. and still bc- paid for
ti.euble and room while securing' Lhe
iequipment for cither shipments.
MR. GRAY DENIES.
Says 113 Win Not Be Manager of
Kansas City Southern
The announcement recently sent over
the country that Willis E. Clray hul
boiim appointed general manager of the
3-7,a,nsas (7ity Southern appears to have
Ueen without foundation Mr. Cray has
denied that he was going with the Kan
sas City Southern. Since the appoint
ment of J. II, Parrett, his successor as
general superintendent of the Chicago
& Alton. he ha,s received TIO formal ap
pointment from any- source.
J. A. Edson, the present gerzeral man
ager of the Kansas City Southern. wert
to that company from the Cotton P,elr,
when it was known as the Kansas City,
Fittsburg & Cult and Colonel Si W.
Fordyce WZIS receiver Colonel Forlyee
- signed a live year contract for Mr Ed
e.m's Si-q-VieS, and when the receiver
ship was terminated the, company reo--
ganized and the name changed. this
contract was renewed by Colonel For
dyce as president or Karisas City
Southern Pacific Earns $7000,000.
San Francisco, Jan. 10,The annual
report of the Southern Pacific for the
3 ear ended June ZO last, has just born
issued. The surplus for the year reacli
eil the large sum of $7,27,3,4tiO, For the
-year before the surp:u amounted to $4,-
4777...75. T:5e average TrIlieS of rail lines
operated, proprietary and non-propr.etary,
aggregated 7.545 as against 7,174
the year before 4.1rass earnings were
$64,4i3O,725. The net income from opera
tion was V21,157.745. A.miscellaneous in
come of Si.s1,21,ie,i brings the net income
tin to $::;1,47),Z.3.
'rile Railway Age says: "The Kansas
legisbature, at its session beginning On
k: i t
Tr T-7---) -T-77
; , ,
When Prof. Munyon says his KIDNEY
CURE is a. specific for nearly every form
of Kidney disease he does not overstate
the case in the least. It has won for itself
a place among the almost infallible rem
edies. It waif not cure Bright's Disease
in the advanced stages. It will not do
the impossible, but it will cure every
phase of Kidney complaint. even the in
cipient stages of Iiright's Disease.
1-ifty-six other cures. All druggists. 25c
vial. Gui,le to Health is free. Medical
advice freewrite to Broadway and 26th
St., New 'York.
January S. Will have to enact a new
railroad law, both parties being pledged
to this measure. It is believed that the
old railroad commissioner law will be
re-enacted, with a Jew amendments.
giving the board more power."
Shipments of railroad material are
still being made to New Zealand. Tvventy-five
cars of coaches- for NEW Zealani
were delivered to the Santa Fe by the
Frisco at Burton lately. Railroad build
ing must be enjoying a. boom in Ne v
Zealand, judging from the immense
amount of equipment that is being ship
ped to that country at present.
At Wellington 'workmen are putting
in a, new pump at the Rock Island pump
house. It is larger and is being put in
a pit. The old pump is so B 10 W tha-t it
is sometimes hard to keep enough water
in the tank- The new pump WM draw
nearly twice as much.
According to the records of tbe Katy
ticket office in Parsons the ticket sales
for the year 1900 reached $46,735.97, an
increase of $7,232.90. The pieces of bag
gage handled in and out of Parsons sta
tion during the 3-ear just closed
amounted to 47.774. sho-wing an increase
of 4.04.0 over that of 199:. The business
at this station is the heaviest along the
line of the Katy road and is annually
on the increase.
It is estimated that the average
travel through the Kansas City union
depot for the year 1900 was about 17,003.
The receipts for the year at the ticket
office were oVer $2.000.000, and the num
ber of pieces of baggage handled was
C. IX'. Kouns of the car service de
partment of the Santa Fe was in Kan
sas City yesterday.
"The Indian Territory express." the
new fast train on the Rock Island, will
begin carrying the mails next Monday.
Harry Alexander of the Rock Island
freight department has returned from
FROM LAS VEGAS.
Engineer A. F. Eames. after a spell of
sickness, nas reported for dut,v, reliev
ing Engineer Wolfe, on the Waldo coal
Section Foreman L,ambkin, heretofore
stationed at Folsom, has been. trans
ferred to a similar position irt Albu
querque. The family of Trainmaster C. H.
Bristol Will arrive shortly. occupying
their former residence in this city.
Dr. Raymond Russ, the new- assistant
surge-on and physician at the local
Santa Fe-Pacific railway hospital, In
Albuquerque, ,has arrived there from
Los Angeles, and has assumed his new
0 .M. Zeigler, 'who has held down a
position in the telegraph office at Raton
the past five years, has been promoted
to a,gent al Belem
The Santa Fe company has generously
contributed the freight on a carload of
furniture and books for the new city
library at Albuquerque. 3,Ia3,-or Marron
secured the donation on his recent visit
Conductor Sam Sperry, who lost his
good right arm by falling' from the top
of a freight train at Chapelle, early
yesterday morning. is getting' along
nicely at the Las Vegas hospital. ,
AT EL DORADO
G. W. P,ay is in Wichita.
The switch eng,ine 210, is In the bouse
for a work over. The 91ti is doing her
work in the yards.
Caller Warren Coleman bas returned
front a two weeks' visit in Illinois.
While in St. on his w-ay borne he
met George ()tidy. formerly of this city
He has a position with a large litho
graph company and is doing- well.
Foreman Fred Vaught i3 laying off.
Foreman James Hardie has gone to
Pittsburg', Pa- He received a teleg-rant
ft am his sister, telling- him of the death
of her husband. Alvin Glass is foreman
timing his absence.
Engineer Joseph Tack has traded
runs with R. G. Clay. Mr. Clay takes
tile 5 and 6 west and Mr. Tack is extra
passenger engineer and pults the pay
Chas Jenkins was caller during the
absence of Warren Coleman. He has re
turned to his position as stationery engineer.-
-Master Mechanic Walter Nunn and
Chief Clerk J. D. Giffin were-each pre
sented with a. fine fountain pen as a
Christmas present from Caller Warren
James House of the repair yards !s
1-t. Wolfinger received a message that
his father, living in Ohio. was critically
ill, and he departed for the old horne on
Another lathe is being, added to the
equipmont of machinery in the back
shop. It is one that was formerly in use
SilVE. Layman Is here from Sego,vis
iting his old friends. Syl was a former
employe of the Santa Fe blacksmith shog,
having learned his trade here. but he is
now one of the prosperous farmers of
Thomas Peters, who has been layirg
off more than a week.owing to the pres
ence of a huge carbuncle on Ids neck.
has resumed charge of the battlefield
SANTA FE LOCALS.
Switchman Sam McFarren is laying
Engineers Drew and Hand are laying
Engine 795 of Emporia has been sent
to Topeka shops for general overhaul
ing'. THERE'S NO
equal the Bitters
ing the stomach.
liver and kid
the entire sys
Ukin, or to pre
La Grippe and
.1, t 01 ,
TOPEKA STATE JOURNAL, THURSDAY EVENENTG. JANUARY 10,, 1901.
Ottawa, Ont., Jan. 10.The department
of militia will call for recruits for Baden.
Powell's constabulary in South Africa. A.
cable dispatch has been received from Jo
seph Chamberlain agreeing, that the re
cruits be-attested in Canada instead of
Cape Town, as was at first suggested by
the British government
Cape TOWT1, Jan. 10.Entrenchments are
being constructed across the Cape fiats
from False bay to Table bay.
Sydney. N. S. W. Jan. 10.Sir James
Robert Dixon, minis'ter of defense in the
new federal cabinet, died today.
London, Jan. 0.Dr. Leyda according
to a dispatch to the Daily Express from
The Hague. is organizing- a band of agi
tators to, proceed to Cape Town and en
deavor to, establish a corner in provisions.
Shanghai, Jan. 10The customs revenue
for lee was only 4,0,e),u00 taels short of
that for nts.9, and equal to that of any
Washington, Jan. 10.The house com
mittee on insular affairs has decided to
postpone consideration of all questions re
lating to our new possessions until after
the supreme court renders its decision
upon the question as to whether the con
stitution follows the flag..
London.. Tan. 10."Shoult1 no fresh devel
opments render his presence in China nec
essary," says the Shang-hal correspondent
of the Daily News, -Count von Waidersee
will return to Europe at the end of
Washington, Jan. 10.The condition of
Congressman Neville (Neb.), who is dan
gerously ill at his residence in this city,
is more favorable.
Seattle, Wash., Jan. 10.The bonus of
$100.000 to be paid by the people of Seattle
to Morgan Brothers company to enable ,
them to scale down their bid for the con
struction of a. new battleship to bring it
within the limit fixed by Congress, was
completed toda,y, being- over-subscribed
Phoenix. 'Ariz., Jan. lf).Three tramps
were arrested last night for killing Under
Sheriff Sam Devore. Devore went to ar
rest the tramps for stealing- a barrel of
liquor and was shot and killed by them.
Milwaukee, Wis., Jan. 10.The first real
blizzard of the season struck this city
last evening. Up to 10 o'clock several
inches of snow had fallen.
Eagle Pass., Tex.. Jan. 10.An explosion
of gas in coal mine No. at Honda. Coa
huila, Mexico, last night. caused the
death of four rnen and the injury of more
than twenty others, among the latter be
ing three brothers named Sullivan. maim
ed beyond recognition.
Washington, Jan. 10.A dispatch from
Charles 'W. Kindrick. consul of the 'United
States at Ciudad, Juarez, Mexico, reports
the relea-se of Mr. T. W. Lewis. an Amer
ican citizen, an engineer of the Mexican
Central railway, who was arrested be
cause his train ran over and killed a
'Mexican named Jesus Calderon, who had
attempted to make a coupling.
Shanghai, Jan. 10.It is asserted here
that Li Hung Chang is recovering and has
visited the German legation in Pekin.
New York, Jan. 10.At the annual meeting-
of the stockholders of the American
Sug-ar Refining company a resolution was
adopted that the company's surplus, less
the amount necessary to pay the dividend
due on January 2, and less any amount
that may be required for future dividends.
shall be reserved for working capital.
Washington. Jan. 10.It is stated at the
war department that the action of Gen
eral MacArthur in sending several Fili
pino insurgent leaders to the island of
Guam was taken with the full knowledge
and approval of the secretary of war.
Washington, Jan. 10.The public lands
eOmmittee of the house has directed a fa
vorable report on the senate bill to allow
the commutation of homestead entries in
certain cases: also on Delegate Flynn's
bill providing' for the subdivision into
counties. designation of county seats, etc.,
of the lands ceded by the Wichita and
Comanche, Kiowa and Apache Indians.
before they are opened to settlement or
ITalifax, N. S., Jan. 10.The second Ca-.
nadian contingent returning from South
Africa landed amid scenes of great en
thusiasm Accompanied by the imperial
troops from the g-arrison, the returning
troops marched through the city to the
armories, cheering almost continuously.
Tile troops were given banquets by the
New Yorkelan. 10.Recorder Goff signed
the papers in the case of the appeal of
Roland B. Molineaux. under sentence of
cleath for having caused the death of Mrs.
Kate Adams by poisoning. The papers
will now go to the printer. vz-hose work
on them will occupy five weeks. Onee
printed the papers will be' sent to the
court of appeals at Albany for examina
tion. Chicag-o, Jan. 10.John B. Laing. believ
ed to have been the oldest Preermason in
the -United States. died here today, aged
100. Laing Joined the order In Scotland
Panama, via Galveston, Jan. 10.A band
of guerrillas approached the city, but on
the governtrient troops going out to at
tack them they disappeared. The govern
ment is fully prepared, being strongly en
trenched at the bridge next to the rail
way station and advanced points.
Queenstown. Jan. 10.The German
steamer Frisal. Captain Schmidt, which
steamed from Hamburg. December 29, for
Boston. is heading for Queenstown, a- dis
patch from Fastnet announces. in a. dis
abled condition and under reduced steam.
Two tugs have gone out to her assist
ance. Havana., Jan. 10.Alexis E. Frye. hav
ing resigned his position as superintend
ent of Cuban schools, left Havana today
with airs. Frye, on board the Unitea
States trztnsport McPherson. In accepting-
the resignation Governor Geaeral
Wood said the post would be open for
Mr. Frye should he desire to return to it.
Constantineple, Jan. 10.One death from
Bubonic plague is officially reported here.
New Ycrk, Jan. 10.The board of man
agers of the coffee exchange has decided
to list tea- on the exchange.
Rochester. N. Y.. Jan. 10.One of the
children burned in the Orphan aeylurd fire,
Allen Bellmore. 2 years old, died today.
This W aS the twenty-ninth death in the
Peterboro, N. H., Jan. 10.Congressmart
Frank G. Clarke died at .his home last
night of quick consumption. Clarke had
been a candidate for United States senator
to succeed Chandler, but withdrew a few
'Washington. Jan. 10.--Phe house com
mittee on banking anti currenc7.- ha9 re
ported favorably the Prosius bill to ex
tend the charters of national banks
New -York, Jan. 10.The Northern Pa
cific Railway company has declared a
regular quarterly dividend of 1 per cent
on its preferred stock, payable March 4.
Washington. Jan. 10.C. Vawter,
United States marshal at Nome. Alaska,
bas sent his resignation to the president.
He is from 3-1011talla- F. K. Richardson
of 'Washington way recommended for the
London. Jan. 'Waldorf Astor
has given 1'.1.01.0 to the Prince of Wales'
St. Petersburg. Jan. 10.--The Russians in
the province of according- to a dis
patch from Pekin dated Monday, distrib
uted 10.00 rations of rice in behalf of Em
Rockefeller After Itt. P.
New York, Jan10.--The Tribune sayS:
It is reported that the Rockefeller in
terests are trying- to buy the Missour;
Pacific and the Wabash railways. If
they succeed in obtaining these roads
it is said that they will unite them in
the Missouri, Kansas & Texas railway,
thus obtaining' a trunk line extending
ell the way from Galveston to Buffalo
and connecting' with ether lake towns
iike Detroit. Toledo and Chicago.
Ely Eri, THE GUT
Animal Which Is Being Intro
duced in Kansas.
Something Like 10,000 Are Al
MR. THOMPSON TALKS
Head of Bureau of Animal In
dustry Gives Facts.
Says That the Angora Goat Has
a Future Here.
1 Washington, D. C., Jan. 10,--One of
the most alluring industries to the
American farmer and stockraiser just
now is that of raising Angora. goats. It
is not of the Hogan alley, common tin
can goat that is meant, but an animal
highly prized for its long, soft, silky
mohair and its delicate and tender flesh.
This Industry is an important adjunct
to the farm and is attracting much In
vestment the country over.
Like in most everything else the Kan
sas farmer is ever on the alert to give
trial to every new adjunct to his prem
ises wherein there is a good profit. Even
though the goat industry in America is
in its infancy it is estimated that Kan
sas already has in the neighborhood of
10.000 Angoras within her borders. It is
with flattering success that the industry
is reported in the eastern portion of the
state, especially in the counties of John
son and Douglas. The raising of these
goats will be one of the interesting sub
jects to be discussed before the annual
meeting of the state board of agricul
ture at Topeka this week.
Mr. George P. Thompson, formerly of
Manhattan, Kan., now editor of the
Bureau of Animal industry at Wash
ington, is considered the most eminent
authority an the Angora industry of the
United States. He has for some con
siderable time past made the subject a
To the State Journal representative
Mr. Thompson said a large class of peo
ple in some way have become possessed
of the opinion that the goat is practical
ly a. useless animal. "They do nGt reach
conclusions upon investigations, how
ever, and do not discriminate between
the different breeds. Investigations
prove that the Angora goats are not
only classed among the most useful of
the domestic animals, but their useful
ness is mantfested in a variety of ways.
"The fleece, called mohair, furnishes
some of the finest of fabrics among
ladies' goods and is used in various oth
er manufactures; this goat's habit of
browsing enables the farmer in a, wood
ed locality to use them to help in sub
jugating the forests; their flesh is ex
ceedingly delicate and nutritious; the
milk, though not so abundant as with
the milch breed of goats, is richer than
cow's milk; so fully is the goat avail
able as a dairy animal when bred to
that objeet that it is sententiously des
cribed as 'the poor man's cow,' because
of the combination of value with econ
omy of keeping; their tanned skins,
though inferior in quality to the skins
of the common goat.are used for leather;
their pelts make the neatest of rugs and
robes; they are excellent pets for chil
dren; a few of them in a flock of sheep
are a protection from wolves and dogs.
These are the vital subjects of varying
degrees of importance considered in An
gora goat raising."
It is roughly estimated that there are
In the -United States 500,000 goats of all
kinds. There should be 30,000,000 in order
to supply the hides which are imported
by us. The value of ra,w bides imported
last year amonnted to $15,776,601, and
their actual costs to consumers was
about $25,50S,2-19. The demand is rap
idly inpreasing, as is that for the fleece
of the Angora, now principally im
ported. Practically all the goatskins entering
into the commerce and manufacture of
the United States are imported. With
the exception of that portion of the pop
ulation and its increase mostly upon
territory derived from Spain and Mex
ico, the people of this country have not
usually evinced much interest in goat
hPriling for a profit, either of skins or
other products. There have been for
centuries small herds In the sparsely
A SPHINX WHO BAFFLES THE WORLD.
At the Empress Dowager's Nod Peace Will Reign or War
Work Widespread Waste.
.0 '0 , -330-
:" ,- 1 ; " :
' : , .:. :; :
: :; ; '--
'fçr' ...... ' '
,. r-t, 4 --,,, :
; . , ,
: , -7
tt),;11,4 : :
- , . ,
Snapshot by a staff photographer.from
The whole civilized world awaits
the negotiations at Pekin between the
Chinese diplomats. It is recogni7ed that
Dowager and that upon her decision
Pea.ce or war shall result.
1-'17 011 ILANSAS CIT7r
.4.40 - lid&
No. 2 leaving Kansas City 9:59 a. m. is solid vestibuled train to St.
consisting of Smoking car, Day coaches, Reclining- Chair car ( Seats
and Pullman Parlor car.
Connections at St.. Louis union depot with eastern lines for New
and Atlantic coast points.
Lv.ICansaa City..0:50 am Ar. St. Louis 8:05 pm
" " a 9:15 pm " " 7:10 ara
14 64 a 1:10pm " " 10:( 5 pal
a " a 10:45 pm " a 7:!'0 am
46 66 " 6:55 am " " 6:50 pm
46 46 " 9:55 pm Ar. Omaha . 6:15 am
" a " 10:50 am " " 6:25 pm
44 46 " 10:50 am Ar. Lincoln 7:03 pm
66 46 46 9:55 pm " " 6:35 am
st " 2:25 cm Ar. Joplin.... .. 8:45 am
66 44 a 9:55 am ti .. .... 4:00 pm
" " 7:00 pm " "
" 1:50 am
F. E. AIN'S, Ticket Agent, Topeka,
populated western territory, and, be
sides, a not inconsiderable number of
goats in the aggregate has been kept for
milk in the suburbs of cities.
lf all the g-oats in this country were
kept with the single object of supplying
skins for market they would fail to
supply a small fraction of the present
demand and a,t the sante time remain at
the present number. At four pounds to
the skin, which is not far from the av
erage weight of dry skins, it requires
the slaughter of over sixteen million
goats and kids to yield the skins im
ported the last fiscal year. This repre
sents live flocks of foreign goats aggre
gating from 25,000,000 to 30,000,000 at
least for our present supply of market
a,ble skins alone.
Very few of the goats in the United
States are raised for the purpose of
marketing their skins. In addition to
the large proportion of common stock
kept, as stated, in the suburbs of cities,
many are kept in parts of the west v,rith
sheep for protection against other ani
mals, while the increasing flocks of An
goras are kept principally fGr their val
uable yield of mohair.
As to climate, but little need be said.
The Angora, is easily adaptable to all
countries.and thrives in all climates, ex
cept that of the Polar regions. Evident
ly,however,it will tend to be most profit
able in those localities where the ex
pense of keeping is the least the year
round. Hardy, agile, enterprising., it al
ways thrives, if unconfined, in heat or
cold, on mountain or plain, but prefers
rough. rocky, wild and elevated lands.
Relative to areas suitable for go,at
keeping upon any scale, from a few for
milk or cheese to a' large flock for their
fleeces a:nd skins, it may be confidently
asserted that wherever there is a suitable
climate there are also suitable unculti
vated lands. In the aggregate, millions
of acres of poor, rough, rocky or bushy
land, distributed through all the stales,
call for subjugation and enrichment
through animal occupation, preferably
of the goat, which would not only de
stroy the growth that invites recurrent
conflagrations, but would result ulti
mately in the introduction of nutritious
In speaking of their ability to clear
brush land, Mr Thompson said: "An
goras a,re browsers by nature, and there
is no vegetation they will eat in prefer
enee to leaves and twigs of bushes.
While this fact would at once establish
them as an intolerable nuisance in an
orchard or garden or any other place
where desirable shrubbery is growing-, it
also shows that they may be of great
value in many localities where it is de
sirable that underbrush be destroyed.
They are omnivorous eaters and seem
particularly to avoid that character of
vegetation which other kinds of live
stock prefer. Every lea,f and every
tv,1g, within their reach is greedily eaten,
even to most of the bushes and weeds
that are considered poisonous to other
ruminants, while a remarkably few
weeds are passed by. They will desert
the finest clover and. bluegrass for such
"In those localities where valuable
land is completely subdued by brush the
goats are considered of more value for
the purpose of clearing- it than for their
mohair or meat. They become one of
the farmer's important tools. By occu
pation of the goat not only are benefits
derived by the clearance of undergrowth
but the growth of nutritious grasses 8,re
introduced by natural methods and thus i
a painting on silk found in palaceat Pekin
with anxious interest the outcome of
representa,tives of the powers and the
the one power in China is the Empress
rests the answer to the question whether
Lv. Kansas City.. 2:25 Am
" 9:55 am
a " 7:00 pm
(41 414 " 9:40 pm
a 9:40 Ett
a 9:40 am
a " 8:00 am
iSd " 10:50 am
a 6:00 pm
Kan, IL C. TOWASEAD, G. P. & T. 1., St. toulq. 71).
convert a wilderness into a good pas
ture for other stock.
"It is the browsing of, the Angora,
that gives to the meat the game flavor,
thus leading some to name the meat
'Augora. venison.' When deprived of
brovvse and fed on grass and grain the
game flavor disappears. There is no
reason why this should not be true, for
it is a well 'known fact that flavor may
not only be fed into meat, but into milk
and eggs as well.
POne of the reasons why the , mohair
industry has lagged so in this country
during the fifty years since the intro
duction of Angora goats is that the use
of the mohair goods was subject to the
capricesof fashion. It would not bestrict
ly correct to say that the industry has
even got beyond the influence of fashion,
but it is at least nearly so. There is now
a steady demand for t,he product of our
country, and much is imported besides.
Dame fashion is still whimsical toward
all-mohair goods, especially dress goods,
but the mohair is mixed with other
fibers for producing fabrics of strength
and luster, and the home supply is not
nearly equal to the demand. Because of
the limited and uncertain supply, some
mills which have a,t times used mohair
no longer attempt to secure it. They are
prepared to use .it as soon as the supply
will warrant the undertaking.
"There is not much to be said about
the meat of the common goa,t. It is not
so generally used as that of Angoras.
The flesh of their kids is considered very
fine, and in some sections of the coun
try goats of all ages are killed for meat.
There are comparatively few common
-goats in the United States (about 50,000)
and no attempt is being made to put
them upon the markets. The current
report that goats are sold to the packet's
in the large cities for canning purposes
is true in the main, but refers to the
"Their flesh, is considered exceedingly
nutritious and palatable. being among
the best kinds of meats. In the south
west these animals are as readily sold
for meat as sheep, and the market has
never been overstocked. While the goats
pass as sheep, they have not yet brought
as good prices by a, few cents as the lat
ter, but it is thought that as soon as
there will be a demand for their mutton
and prejudice against goats disappears
they will bring equally as good prices.
The difference, however, now is very
slight in some places. In Kansas City,
for instance, the sheep bring about one
half a cent per pound more than goats.
The pa,ckers buy them as goats and sell
them as sheep in the form of dressed
meat or canned.
"The Angora skins are exquisitely
beautifulbeing a pure white in color.
It has a long, soft and curly fieece,and
brings upon the market all the way
from $5 to $18 apiece. Their skins are
used quite extensively as carriage robes,
and make up very handsomely. There
was a time when the buffalo, the wolf,
and other animals supplied the dernand
for robes in this country, but the ex
tinction, practically, of the buffalo and
the great searcity of the others has
forced us to look elsewhere for substi
tutes. These conditions have resulted in
a great demand for Angora. skins for
this purpose. Besides these skins make
very fine rugs and bring a, good profit.
They are also manufactured into mor
rocco for use in binding books, and ex
cellent gloves are 'made from them
which bring from $1 to $1.50 per pair.
As well extensively are they used for
trimming' for children's cloaks and coats
and doll's hair.
"Irt the modern methods of economic
production and manufacture nothing is
permitted to go to waste. Whoever it
was that said facetiously that the pack
ers saved every portion of a hog but his
squeal spoke the whole truth. The same
truth applies as well to the carcass of
any food animal. In the case of the
goats the horns find many uses, and the
fat is said to be the best tallow known
for the manufacture of candles. Any
part of the carcass not useful in other
ways is converted into fertilizer.
"Those who embark into the business
of Angora goats for the production of
mohair, rather than for the sale of their
meat or skins. should be particular to
start with a. thoroughbred flock, which
will yield profit from the beginning.
Desirable does will cost from $5 to $12
each, and bucks all the way from $,;() to
"Practically all of the mohair pro
duced in the United States, that is, that
which has been sheared from the goat,
is consumed by the mills of New Eng
land. 'rhe amount thus consumed in
1899 was 1,119,465 pounds, besides 1.077,-
00 of the imported product. Many
thousands of pounds are left upon the
skins to be used as rugs,robes and trim
mings, and the amount used for doll
hair and wigs Is great but not esti
mated." lb. W. MAVIS.
A Prorainent Chicago Woman Speaks.
Prof. Roxa Tyler of Chicago, vice-president
Illinois 'Woman's alliance, in speak
ing of Chamberlain's Cough Remedy,says:
"I suffered with a severe cold this win
ter, which threatened to run into priou
monia. I tried different remedies. but
I seemed to grow worse and the medicines
upset my stomach. A friend advi,ed me
to try Chamberlain's Cough Remedy. and
I found it was pleasant to take and it re
lieved me at once. I am now entirely re
covered, saved a doctor's bill, time and
suffering, and will net er be without this
splendid medicine again." For sale by
, Via aGreat Rock Island Route.
Leaves Topeka 8:10 p. m., arriving
Colorado Springs 10;35. Deriver 11:00
o'clock next a. m
Terrible plagues, those itching, pester
ing diseases of the skin. Put an end tl
misery. Doan's Ointment cures. At any
To Cure Dyspepsia and Indigestion
Take Rex Dyspepsia, Tablets. All drug
gists are authorized to refund mow-3r in
any case it fails to cure- Price 60 cents
All druggists guarantee every bottle of
Chamberlain's Cough Remedy and will
refund the money to any one who is not
satisfied after using two-thirds of the
contents. This is the best remedy in tile
world for la g-rippe, coughs, colds and
whooping cough and is pleasant and safe
to take. It prevents any tendency of a.
cold to result in pneumonia.
Ar. Carthage . 8:07 am
44 1:05 am
Ar. Little nook 7:55 pm
64 44 " 7:25 am
Ar. Hot Sprint,:a 10:35 ara
Ar. St. aoeeph 10:20 am
64 44 a 1:14 pin
a 64 44 8:25 pm
46 64 64 7:40 am
1 ICaczynstil, :
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OK Charcoal .
Fourth and JaCkS011 4
Tele. 530. -or
4( TELEPtiOr'!E s
4( 4c y 7 1 -
ii twczynstil, 1--
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aerll.' :077 il APC
"0( Charcoal ,,,,
fourth and Jackson; 41
Tele. 530. 4r
Aluout-310-11-4(-442f44-111- Jr- 4- At- 4 AL
AN ELEGANT TOILET LuxunT.,
Used by people of reflne,ment
for over a quarter of a century.
nil.. of Cast-Iron
Cornrr tier(' Pox'
) 'ave f-"1
onouith to pay
for itself in one month. Made by
MIKA IRCK BD LIMY STELE
W. T. LAwLEss, ProprifItor.
519 Quincy Street.
New rubber-tired rigs.
Wanted Horses to board.
Call 'phone 170 for Hacks at one-halt
to,:1F4 , k ku your ott u , t
-, , .r.r. .!, tk t 1.0
, tmlo y goimir r tt;,'s
4,f)iitto", No iiiori in iolvtioltt o, i
ottotpootti,Pc11,,,, C s
001,11,01 ; .1
swith most tali othor YortntivnoLi, t , root L I ov, , to
trio Noon, npallationt rion otoni ion
Pions thou NOtt 111114,11'n ONLY SI ROA I HE rot it It u
dinennesi ea it 'woo,. onil dinot dors, Lot- ,-, , ,
oonloot anntLiont.al ta I, kiroo, rot vtl out co .1 A
SEARS, ROEBUCK Chicak-Q.
NICNEY TO LOAN.
Monthly payments. Long or
Time. Privilege to pay.
CLIJitol ani Loan Issn'n
534 KANSAS AVE.
Cures a Cough or Cold at once.
Cenc:uers Croup, Whooping-Cough. Brow
Cripue and Consumpt:on. e
Dr. bull's Pi as cure Cunstipation. pilis
: 0. DMOSS. L. BL PENWELL- :
1,4,,,,,r,!, . i t 1 ..
4. to, . 1 .4
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t a,,.....,,,e 44,
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: I gf-.------- - I
Funeral Directors ,9
t nret-Class Service at reason-
; able prices. 40
0' 513 Quincy St.. Topeka. Lem.
0110 11r1 ,,.10
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"7-11 IP; FR rn 1!1
11 Erika 11--u 't. . L. ,...
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