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The Topeka state journal. [volume] (Topeka, Kansas) 1892-1980, January 01, 1902, LAST EDITION, Image 4

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TOPEKA STATE JOURNAL, WEDNESDAY EVENING. JANUARY 1,
TOPEKA STATE JOURNAL
BY FRANK P. MAC TiENNAN.
VOLUME" XXIX No. 1
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
Dailv edition, delivered by carrier. 10
cents a week to any part of Topeka or
suburbs, or at the same price in any
Kansas town where the paper has a car
rier system. , , -
By mail, one year $3.60
By mail, three months .". 90
AVeekly edition, one year 5a
Saturday edition of daily one year J. 00
PERMANENT HOME.
Topeka State Journal building, 800 and
S02 Kansas avenue, corner of Eighth.
NEW YORK OFFICES:
11 Vanderbilt Bid.
Paul Block, Mgr.
TELEPHONES.
Business Office Bell 'phone 107
Reporters' Room Bell 'phone 677
FTJLL LEASED "WISE BEP0S.T
- OF THE ASSOCIATES rS-ESS.
The State Journal Is a member of the
Associated Press and receives the full day
telegraph report of that great news or
ganization for exclusive atternoon publi
cation in Topeka,
The news is received In the State Jour
nal building over wires for this sole pur
pose, busy through the entire day. A
complete copy ox the night report is also
received.
While Chicago Is engaged In widening
the river bearing her name. It might be
as well to improve the fire guards, also.
Among the resolutions made today
probably there will be one on the part
of her friends to rescue Miss Stone from
captivity.
After all the Christmas giving there
is still a big surplus in the United
States treasury and a matter of $200,
000,000 or so to be divided in dividends
and for payment of interest.
Perhaps England is ashamed to give
up in South Africa any sooner than she
did in America at the time of the revo
lution. If she has her mind set that
way she still has more than four years
of fighting before her.
The business of arresting persons sus
pected of having had a hand in the
assassination of Goebel, has been sus
pended temporarily In Kentucky, while
the state attends to the business of
electing a United States senator.
About all that was left of Syilwell's
once magnificent railroad property in
Kansas City was sold at auction yes
terday. He is already hard at work ac
cumulating another lot of the same sort
in various parts of the continent.
The determination of the United
States government, on discovering that
$7,000,000 will pay the actual damage on
account of the Chinese troubles, to re
.turn the $18,000,000 balance of indemnity
to China can make little difference in
the long run. Ultimately we will get
the other $18,000,000 in the way of busi
ness. It is estimated that the January dis
bursements for interest and dividends
throughout the United States will reach
the total of $225,000,000, the largest in
the country's history. The American
people had an unusually expensive
Christmas, according to the trade re
turns but they have money left. The
circulation of over $200,000,000 consti
tutes a bright outlook for another pros
perous year.
During eleven months of the year
1901 American exports of agricultural
products amounted in value to $845,678,
fiO, as against $802,136,713 for the corres
ponding period of the preceding twelve
month. Exports of manufactured goods
fell off during this time from $408,529,
105 ia 1900 to $362,392,181 in 190L More
than one-half of this decline was in the
single item of copper, exports of which
In eleven months of 1900 were $54,184,645,
as against $30,279,54$ in eleven months
of the year just closing. The decline in
Iron and steel exports, using similar
data of comparison, was $25,512,881.
THE TEAK'S RECORD.
In a review of the business of the past
year the Cincinnati Commercial Tri
bune says:
The year closes as It opened, la unex
ampled prosperity and most wonderful
activity in every line of manufacturing.
And yet during the year a number of
occurrences which would have upset
business completely and perhaps have
produced a panic which for general de
Etructiveness would have stood alone
did no harm. Among these happenings
were the great Northern Pacific corner
with the accompanying panic, the great
strike among the steel workers, the bad
failure of the corn crop, the assassina
tion of the president and the late col
lapse In copper stocks, which in ordi
nary times would have meant dire dis
aster In many of the big cities. But, in
apita of all this, general business was
not seriously impaired by these dis
turbances, nor faave the speculative
markets been seriously hampered by
the unusual changes and acts.
Five years have passed since the first
election of William McKinley. The
boom began at that time. It has con
tinued to this day and to all appear
ance Is not near the end. So far as
can be foreseen at this time there is
not a cloud in the business sky. The
railroads are taxed to the utmost and
the Iron and ateel industry is crowded
with orders. In some cases the eupacitv
being engaged until well Into the fall
months of the coming year. The farm
ers are in most excellent condition, fin
ancially speaking, and with another
good, year will constitute the wealth of
the country.
But it Is well to say In this review of
the past that predictions concerning the
future are not altogether reliable. From
this great period of prosperity a reaction
may be expected. Trade and manufac
turing have always had their ups and
downs. The one follows the other as the
night follows the day, but not with the
same precision in time. But the coun
try now la so much wealthier and la on
a financial foundation so much more
enduring that It is no longer subject to
Influences which In former times would
have shaken it from center to circum
ference in a business way. If one crop
fails now it has but small effect, for
others may, at the same time, be rec
ud breaking. Over and above all this,
however, is the fact that the country
is on a solid, financial basis and by no
means a great debtor country. Of
course, many American securities are
held abroad, securities of the best class
but on the other hand there is not much
doubt that American balances abroad
are vastly greater at this time than
ever before. This Is well shown by ine
fact that gold does not flow abroad now
except under inducements offered Dy
foreign bankers. In other words, it
does not go because it has to, but be
cause it is a profitable business to send
it abroad.
The money market is still firm, but the
disbursements of Interest and dividends
will have a good effect. Rates' should
then be easier. The disbursements will
be unusually heavy. In faot, a record
may be broken. It is estimated that in
the three big cities of the east. New
York, Philadelphia and Boston, there
will be given to bond holders, and stock
owners a sum approximating $200,000,-
000.
A SHIP SUBSIDY ARGUMENT.
From the Detroit Journal.)
In a speech in Boston, Senator Hanna,
speaking in advocacy of the ship sub
sidy bill, said that e are paying $200,
000,000 annually into the pockets of for
eign ship owners. "No country on the
face of the globe but the United States
could stand that drain," he exclaimed.
Senator Hanna will be alarmed even
more if he considers the total value of
our imports. They drain this country to
the amount of nearly one billion dollars
annually, but we seem to stand the
bleeding process pretty well. Perhaps it
is because, on the whole, the goods im
ported are made for us by foreigners
for less money than we should expend
if we made them ourselves. This Is true
of ocean freighting; the foreigners are
glad to do it for us at lower rates than
we could do it for ourselves in many
cases.
If the ship owner abroad Is satisfied
with 4 per cent on tois investment, while
we can take an amount equal to what
be has Invested and make 6 or 10 per
cent on it, why Invest our surplus in
ships or ask aid of the national purse
to build up a merchant marine?
Senator Hanna said that vessels own
ed in England had been taken for trans
port service, "while the raw materials
from our mines, etc., are lying on our
docks awaiting transportation."
The fact is that ocean freights are
low, and that ships out of commission
can be seen lying at our wharves un
able to get cargoes. This is so notori
ous that it is charitable to suppose
Senator Hanna simply made up his ar
gument without inquiry into the facts.
Again his own contention defeats his
object. If subsidized English vessels
can, for war purposes, be withdrawn
from carrying merchandise and raw
materials to the extent that commerce
is interfered with, the primary justifica
tion for subsidies is defeated.
If we cannot build and sail ships in
competition with the foreigner excepc
at a loss, the fact of loss is not chang
ed by forcing the general taxpayer to
make up the difference between the cost
of running a foreign built ship and ona
built and manned at home. The burden
of loss Is simply shifted from a few
shoulders to many shoulders. If we are
to justify such an act under the general
welfare clause of the constitution, it
must be shown that an appropriation
in the form of a subsidy is for the gen
eral welfare and not merely for the
benefit of a few.
SETTLED AT LAST.
Under the above caption the New
York Journal rummarizes the report of
the Isthmian canal commission, and
comments thereon as follows:
The report of the commission Is writ
ten with no apparent bias in favor of
either, but states impartially the ad
vantages and disadvantages of each.
It appears that it would take eight
years to finish the Panama canal, be
sides two years for preparation, or ten
years in alL The Nicaragua canal can
be finished in six years after the two
year preparatory period is over, making
a net saving of two years. The ben
efits to our commerce of an open water
way for those two years ought prop
erly to be deducted from the cost of the
Nicaragua canal or added to that of
the one at Panama.
The Panama canal would be much
shorter than that of Nicaragua, and
would have a lower summit elevation,
fewer locks and less curvature.
It would be traversed by a deep
draught vessel in twelve hours, against
thirty-three by the rival route.
It would cost $1,350,000 less a year to
maintain than the Nicaragua canal,
which is equivalent to 3 per cent, in
terest on a capital expenditure of $45.
000.000. It would be a shorter route for com
merce between our Atlantic ports and
the west coast of South America.
These are practically all the advant
ages of the Panama route.
On the other hand, the Nicaragua
route would save a day in the voyage
between our Pacific coast and any ports
on the Atlantic, whether In America
or in Europe.
It would make the same saving be
tween our Atlantic ports and China,
Japan and the Philippines.
It would save nearly two days in the
transit between our Gulf ports and
the Pacific.
The Nicaragua route would also be
Belter for sailing vessels on account of
the uncertainty of the winds In the Bay
of Panama.
The commission calls attention to the
fact that a canal by the Panama route
would be simply a means of communi
cation between the two oceans. There
would be no prospect of any consider
able commercial or industrial develop
ment in the region through which it
would pass. On the other hand, "a
canal by the Nicaragua route would
bring Nicaragua and a large portion of
Costa Rica, and other Central Ameri
can states, into close and easy com
munication with the United States and
with Europe. The intimate business re
lations that would be established witn
the people of the United States during
the period of construction, by the ex
penditure of vast sums of money in
these states, and the use of American
products and manufactures, would be
likely to continue after the completion
of the work, to the benefit of our manu
facturing, agricultural and other inter
ests." Moreover, there is little danger to
health on the Nicaragua route. The
conditions on the isthmus of Panama
are favorable to epidemics.
Finally, the cost of building the Nica
ragua canal from the beginning is esti
mated at $189.S64,062. The cost of fin
ishing the Panama canal, after all the
hundreds of millions that have been
spent upon it, would be $144,233,358.
Thus, If we were to get the Panama
ditch in its present state for nothing.
it would cost us only about $45,000,000
less to finish it than it would to build
the Nicaragua canal outright.
As the French eompany at Panama
wants $109,141,500 for this property, the
cost of a completed canal by that route
would be $63,310,796 more than one by
way of Nicaragua, Besides, there are
complications at Panama in the way of
securing the necessary authority which
do not exist on the other route.
The commission does not mention one
other consideration which absolutely
clinches its position in favor of the
Nicaragua route. That is the matter of
strategic advantage.
A canal by the Panama route would
save us any more voyages of the
Oregon around South America, but it
would serve no other military purpose.
A Nicaragua canal would be a naval
base of incomparable, value. A fleet
could rest in fresh water in Lake Nica
ragua ready to descend upon either
ocean in case of need, and at either
end of the canal that fleet would be
several hundred miles nearer to our
home ports than it would be at the
isthmus of Panama.
These are things that must be taken
into account as .well as merely com
mercial considerations. They would
make the Nicaragua route the only one
to choose, even if the Frenchmen should
knock off $50,000,000 or $60,000,000 from
the price they ask for their property at
Panama.
Our way now lies absolutely clear be
fore us. We are told that we did not
knew whether the Nicaragua canal was
practicable. We sent two commissions
down there to find out, and they told us
that it was.
We were told that we could not begin
the work without a new treaty with
England. We have that treaty.
We were told that we ought not to
embark on such an undertaking with
out being sure that we could not do
better at Panama. We appointed an
other commission, which has settled
that point.
We have money enough in the treas
ury to build the canal without Issuing
a bond.
And now what possible excuse for
further delay can there be?
MISS ANTHONY ON MARRIAGE.
Commenting upon the large decrease
in the number of marriages in Roches
ter in 1901, Miss Susan B. Anthony, the
veteran advocate of woman suffrage,
who is now nearly 82 years old, says:
"I think one reason for the decrease
is the increased intelligence of woman.
In the old days women were married
at 16, and until they arrived at 40 their
one aim seemed to be to give birth to
a child every year or two. The heydey
of their lives was spent in hopeless toll
and worry and they became old long
before their time. This world needs
fewer children and those better taken
care of and better born and bred.
"A woman who marries a man and
finds that he is a drunkard or a wicked
man is committing one of the worst
sins against society if she continues to
live with that man. One of the greatest
crimes is to bring children Into the
world under such circumstances. The
woman should get a divorce and see to
it that she does not rush into another
such alliance."
GLOBE SIGHTS.
From the Atchison Globe. N
Ever notice how, in winter, you be
come sick for a brass band?
If you keep all the traditions dusted
off, you will have roast goose at New
Year's.
Bob Brown's wife may forgive Jilm.
but she will never forgive her sister
who ran off with him.
Speaking about time flying; we didn't
get accustomed to writing it 1901 until a
few days ago.
We have never had as great troubles
in the day time aa we have imagined
when lying awake at nights.
The average Atchison man keeps his
good nature when asked to buy any
thing except tickets to the University
glee club.
When a man's clothes need mending,
those who see it never mention it un
less his wife la addicted to the card
playing habit.
How lucky a man Is after quitting
smoking! A man who quit recently
put a nickel in a slot machine today
and won ten Cigars.
We have wondered that some church
doesn't give a potato supper. It would
be more attractive than an oyster sup
per, potatoes being so high.
After failing to be a satisfactory
brother, a man has one chance left
with his sister, and that is to become
a satisfactory uncle to her children.
Whenever we see a young man sur
rounded by girls, we think of the days
when he will be old, and there will not
be a soul to brush the crumbs off his
a man and his wife dress for a
party at the same time, it means that
she is kept busy waiting on him, and
throws on a few articles and hairpins
between times.
The average woman has the senti
ment so completely boiled out of her
by daily hardships that she can't con
ceive why any woman isn't satisiied
with life whose husband doesn't ob
ject no matter what she charges to
him at the stores.
QUAKER REFLECTION'S.
From the Philadelphia Record.)
Pipe dreams are not restricted to
plumbers.
Lots of fellows are overwhelmed by
too many ancestors.
Soring openings in pocketbooks are
in evidence all the year round.
Superstitious people consider it a
bad break to crack a looking glass.
The ash man may not be particularly
melancholy, but he is often in the
dumps. -
"When a man wants to stop smoking
let him buy his wife some new curtains.
The man who -is sandbagged and
robbed of every penny is knocked cent
less, i
The perfumery counter in a depart
ment store is always a scenter of at
traction.
The produce merchant cannot corner
the egg market without getting the lay
of the land.
No. Maude, dear, we should scarcely
classify the laundryman as being iden
tified with tne iron Dusiness.
"Whenever I see a bald-headed
man," said the wig-maker, "I feel like
bringing him to the scratch."
Nell "Mrs. Newrich seems to have
grown strangely reticent." Belle "Yes;
somebody told her that talk was cheap."
Tommy "Say, Pop." Tommy's Pop
"Well, what is it?" Tommy "Pop,
what is the feminine gender of hymn
book?" Blobbs "She is such a positive girl."
Slobbs "That didn't prevent her from
givtng me a negative answer when I
proposed."
Nell "He told me I was worth my
weight In gold." Bell "Gracious! After
a while you will begin to believe you're
in Miss stone s class.
Mrs. Muggins "Have the Backbites
much bric-a-brac?" Mrs. Buggins "I
understand they have a good many
family jars."
An opera singer had his choice
Of masters two to serve.
"Said he: "I'd rather lose my voice
Than lose my nerve!" -
A flfew Year Rcsoliition.
Mary E. Wilklns in the People's Home
Journal.)
My brother Lemuel married Mehi ta
ble Pierce when he was quite along in
years. Nobody thought he'd ever get
married .at all, any more'n my brother
"euoen ana Silas. The three had lived
together and kept bachelors' hall ever
since our mother died. I was married
and away from home long before she
died. I didn't know how they would get
along at first, but all of the boys had
been used to helpin' ma a good deal,
and they were real handy, and when
I asked if they wasn't goin' to have a
housekeeper, they wouldn't hear to it.
They said they wasn't going to have no
strange women round In ma's place,
nohow. So Silas he took hold and did
the washin' and ironin' and Reuben did
the sweepin", and Lemuel, he was the
youngest, next to me, did the cookin'.
He could cook a dinner equal to any
woman, and his pies beat mine. My
husband said ao, and I had to give in
tney ma.
Well, they seemed to get on so nice,
and none of 'em had ever seemed to
think much about the girls, not even
when they was boys, that I must say
I was astonished when Lemuel he up
ana got married to Mehitable Pierce.
She was a little along in years, too,
rather more so than Lemuel, and a
dreadful smart piece. She was good
lookin' and she had property, but she
was dreadful smart and up an' comin'.
I could never see how Lemuel ever got
tne courage to ask her to have him, he
was always a kind of mild spoken little
fellow. Reuben he declared he didn't.
He vowed that Mehitable asked him
herself. He said he knew it for a fact,
and he said it with the tears rollin'
down his cheeks. Reuben was the old
est and he'd always been terrible fond
of Lemuel. "That poor boy would never
have got in seen a fix ef that woman
hadn't up an' asked him, an he didn't
have spunk enough to say no," said
Reuben, and he swallered hard.
Mehitable had a nice house of her
own that her father left her, all
furnished and everythlng,so of course
Lemuel he went to live with her, and
Mehitable's house was pretty near
where I lived, so I could see everything
that was goln" on. It wa'n't very long
before I said to Hannah Morse, my hus
band's old maid sister that lives witn
us and teaches school, that I believed
Lemuel was henpecked, though I hadn't
anythin' against Mehitable.
"I don't see what else anybody that
married Mehitable Pierce would ex
pect," said Hannah. She spoke real
sharp for her. I've always kind of
"wondered if Hannah would, have had
Lemuel if he'd asked her. "Well," said
I, "I hope poor Lemuel will be happy.
He's always been such a good, mild,
willin" boy that it does seem a pity for
him to be rode over rough-shod, and
have all the will he ever did have trod
den into the dust."
"Well, that is what will happen, of I'll
miss my guess," said Hannah Morse.
For a long while I thought she was
right. It was really pitiful to see Lem
uel. He didn't have no more liberty
nor will cf bis own than a 5 year old
boy, and not so much Mehitable
wouldn't let him do this and that, and
if there was anythin' he wanted to do,
she was sot against it, and he'd always
give right in. Many's the time
Lemuel has run over to my
house, and his wife . come raeln"
to the fence and screamed after him to
come home, and he'd start up as scared
as he could be. And many's the time
I've been in there, and he'd start to go
out, and she'd tell him to set down, and
he'd set without a murmur.
Mehitable she bought all his clothes,
an' she favored long-tailed coats, and
he bein' such a short man, never look
ed well in 'em, and she wouldn't let
him have store shirts and collars, but
made them herself, and she didn't have
very good patterns, she used her
father's old ones, and he wasn't no
such built man as Lemuel,- and I know
he suffered everything, both in his pride
an' his feelin's. Lemuel began to look
real downtrod. He didn't eeem like
half such a man as he did, and the
queerest thing about it was: Mehitable
didn't 'pear to like the work of her own
hands, so to speak.
One day she talked to me about it. "I
dunno what 'tis," said she, "but Lemuel
he don't seem to have no go ahead and
no ambition and no will of his own. He
tries to please me, but it don't seem as
if he had grit enough even for that.
Sometimes I think he ain't well, but I
dunno what ails him. I've been real
careful of him. He's worn thick flan
nels, and he's had wholesome victuals;
I never let him have pie."
"Lemuel was always dreadful fond of
pie," I said. I felt kind of sorry, for I
remembered how fond poor Lemuel bud
always been of mother's pies, and what
good ones he used to make himseiC
"I know it," said Mehitable. "He
wanted to make some himself when we
were first married, but I vetoed that. I
wasn't goin' to have a man meesln'
round makin' pies, and I wasn't goin'
to have him eatin" of 'em after they
were made. Pies ain't good for him.
But I declare I dunno what does make
him act so kind of spiritless. I toid
him today I thought he'd better make a
resolution for the New Year and stick
to It, and see if it wouldn't put some
spunk Into him."
Pretty soon she went home. I could see
she was real kind of troubled. She al
ways did think a good deal of Lemuel in
spite of everything:.
The next day was New Year's, and in
the afternoon MehitaL'e came in again.
She didn't have her se -ng as she gen
erally did, she was a very industrious
woman. She jest sat down and begun
twisting the fringe of her shawl as if sho
was real nervous. Her face was puckered
up, too. "I don't know what to make of
Lemuel," she said, finally.
"Why. what's the matter?" said I.
"He says he's made a resolution for the
New Year," said she, "and that he's goin'
to keeD it."
"Well, what Is it?" said I.
"I dunno." said she.
"Well, if it's a good one you don't care,
do you," said I, "and it could't be any-
Every Exertion a Task
Every Care a Burden
There is failure of the strength to
do and the power to endure ; there is
weakness "all over" that is persistent
and constant.
The vital functions are impaired,
food does not nourish, and the whole
system is run down.
A medicine that strengthens the
stomach, perfects digestion, invigor
ates and tones is needed-.
What Hood's Sarsaparilla did for Mrs. L. B.
Garland. Shmdy. Tenn.. it has done for others.
She took it when she was all run down with
out appetite, losing flesh, and unable to do
her work. It restored her appetite, increased
ber weight, and made her well and strong.
This is her own unsolicited statement.
S food's SarssparilSa
Promises to cure and keeps the prom
Ise. The earlier treatment is begun
the better begin it today.
thing but a good one if my brother made
it."
"I dunno what it Is," said she.
"Won't he tell?"
"No, he won't. I can't get a word out
of him about it. He don't act .like him
self." Well, I must say I never saw such a
change as come over Mehitable and Lem
uel after that. He wouldn't tell what his
resolution was, and she couldn't make
him, though she almost went down on her
knees. It begun to seem as If she -was
fairly changing characters with Lemuel,
though she had a spell of bein' herself
more'n ever at first, tryin' to force him to
tell what the resolution was. Then she
gave that up, and she never asked him
where he was goin", an' he could come
in my house ar? set jest as long as he
wanted to, and she bought him a short
tailed coat and some store collars and
shirts, and he looked like another man.
He got to stayln' down to the store nights
an" talkin' politics with the other men
real loud. I heard him myself one night
and I couldn't believe it was Lemuel.
Well, Lemuel he never gave in, and he
never told till the next New Year's day,
when he'd said he'd tell her then. I'd
got most as curious as Mehitable myself
by that time, and New Year's mornin' I
run over real early they wasn't through
breakfast. I knew the minute I saw them
that he hadn't told. He said he wouldn't
until he was through his breakfast. He
was most through was finishing up wiih
a big piece of mince pie, and he'd made it
himself, too. When he'd Bwallowed the
last mouthful he looked up and he
laughed, real pleasant and sweet, and yet
with more manliness than I'd ever seen in
him.
"S'pose you want to know what that
New Year's resolution was?" said Lem
uel. "I guess I can stand It a while longer."
said Mehitable. Now the time had come
she didn't want to act too eager, but I
showed out jest what I felt.
"For the land sake, Lemuel Babbit, what
was it?" said I.
Lemuel he laughed again. "Well, it
wasn't much of anything;" he said, in his
gentle drawlin' way. "I didn't make no
resolution, really."
"What, Lemuel Babbit!" cried Mehita
ble. "No," said he; "I couldn't think of none
to make, so I made a resolution not to
tell that I hadn't made any."
COUBT SUSTAINS MERGER.
Anti-Trust Forces Fare Badly in
Hands of a Federal Judge.
' Minneapolis, Minn., Jan. 1. Judge
William Lochren. of the United States
circuit court yesterday dissolved the
temporary Injunction issued in the case
of Peter Power against the Northern
Pacific Railway company by Judge El
liott, of the district court of Hennepen
county, Monday.
Judge Lochren refused to allow a
supersedeas bond In any amount to
be given. Attorney W.. A. Lancaster,
representing Mr.. Power, the plaintiff
asked the court:
"Does your honor mean to say that
the damage which would result to the
Northern Pacific Railway company If
an appeal from your order dissolving
the temporary injunction was. taken
and a supersedeas bond staying proceed
ings were filed would be so great that
a bond could not be given large enough
to reimburse the defendant?"
"As the granting of a supersedeas,"
the Judge replied, "is discretionary with
the court I decline to permit the stay
ing of the proceedings, or the force of
the order by a supersedeas bond on ap
peal." Judge Lochren held that the Northern
Pacific was acting within the authority
of its charter, ,of the contract entered
into between It and its stockholders as
incorporated in the certificates of pre
ferred stock and of the agreement into
November 13, in attempting to retire
the $75,000,000 of preferred stock in the
manner alleged by Mr. Power.
HIS $1,000000 POLICY. .
George Vanderbilt the Only Man in
United States So Insured.
New York, Jan. 1. The death in Chi
cago of Faank H. Peavey, the "Eleva
tor King" of Minneapolis, leaves George
"Vanderbilt the only man in the United
States who carries a million-dollar Ufa
insurance policy.
Until two years ago Mr. Vanderbilt
was the only holder of so large a poli
cy. Then Mr. Peavey took out one for
the same sum in the same company,
the Mutual Life of New York.
Mr. Vanderbllt's first premium was
$35,000, while Mr. Pavey had paid an an
nual premium of $48,390 since April 28,
1900.
In 1S92 James J. Hill paid the same
company a single premium of $138,3t0
for a policy and annuity, which still
stands as the largest premium ever
paid.
The estate of Mr. Peavey will realize
a profit of $903,220 on an investment of
$96,780 in cash.
HOYT'S NEW BANK.
Substantial Business Concern to Start
January 15.
Hoyt, Jan. 1. By January 15 this
town will have a new bank running in
full blast with a paid up capital of
$5,000. The Woodwards, a father and
two sons are interested. C. M. Wood
ward, of Sioux City, Iowa, will be the
cashier. O. D. Woodward, who has
made so much money in the Kansas
City auditorium will hold some of the
stock. The building will be neatly fur
nished and the concern will undoubted
ly do a good business.
POINTED PARAGRAPHS.
From the Chicago News.
The hotel runner doesn't run the hotel.
The grammar of "speaking eyes" is
never questioned.
Lucky is the girl who marries the
best man at the wedding.
The man who has the "big head" in
variably wears a small hat.
Reputation may be a bubble, but the
best is never made by a blower.
Just when a man flatters himself that
he has reached his prime he begins to
get bald.
Hope, says a poet, is a fair woman.
That is probably why hope, so often
disappoints us. t
It Is the man born with a silver
spoon in his mouth who contributes
most to the support of the dentist.
It is often hard to convince a girl that
the marriage of her father and mother
was the result of a love affair.
A St. Louis messenger boy has Just
Inherited a Targe fortune. As a matter
of course it will be against his prin
ciples to run through with it.
REFLECTIONS OF A BACHELOR
From the New York Press.
Life is a Joke just as long as you are
the joker.
The Lord made good women to show
us how different men are.
Most men can stand success better
than success can stand them.
The way a man parts his hair has a
great deal to do with whether a woman
thinks he is a gentleman or not.
Most women's idea of an interesting
man is one who will flatter them Into
insensibility or that they wouldn't like
to have their daughters know.
No one would ever be bothered with
constipation if everyone knew how
naturally and quickly Burdock Blood
Bitters regulates the stomach and
bow e la-.
City Ticket Office
Union Pacific R. R., 52a Kansas ave.
NEW CRAWFORD THEATER.
THIS AFTERNOON AND TONIGHT,
Miss Gertrude Coghlan, impersonating
" Becky sharp," in tha dramatization of
"Vanity Fair."
Prices 1. 50. $1.00, 75c, BOO, 25c,
Prices, 25c, 50c. 75c. $1.00.
Matinee
One Merry Night,
Friday, January 3 The furiously funny Farce,
A WISE MEMBER.
An exceptional cast, including- J
Miss Laura Evans, of Topeka.
Prices 25o, 35c 50 75o. Seats on sale Wednesday.
Saturday, Jan. 4th. Matinee and Night, t
THE WELCOME FAVORITE, . " J
If on If
Presented by a Perfect Company of
Bewildering Mechanical Effects.
A Laugh in Every Line, and the lines are close together.
PRICES -Matinee, 15c for Children. Adults 25o and 36o.
Night 25o, 35c, 50c and 75o.
MONDAY EVE., Jan. 6.
The Qigantio Fun Feast,
"PAPA'S BABY "
With Watson, Hatchings and Ed
wards, the Nichols Sisters, and
a great cast.
Prices 25c, 35c, 50o and 75c.
new;taxlaw.
One Ia Recommended by Gov.
Odell of New York
In His Annual Message to the
Legislature.
ASKS GREATER POWER
For the State Board of Tax
Commissioners
To Prevent Excessive as Weil
as Too Low Assessment.
Albany, N. T-, Jan. 1 Governor Odell
devotes a considerable space In his mes
sage to a discussion particularly ap
plicable to New York city. In one di
vision of the message the governor ob
serves that "the almost total abolition
of state taxes will bring home to the
taxpayer the fact that his expenditures
are to be peculiarly local and If they
are excessive the remedy rests with
him to rebuke those who are charged
with the administration of tois local
affairs."
The legislature is recommended to
frame a law which will give the state
board of tax commissioners greater
power to enforce the rule against ex
cessive, as well as low assessments and
to make the state board a reviewing
court to Investigate and correct In
equalities in the matter of assessments
and thus become not only a mediator
as between counties of the state but
also to serve to protect the rights of in
dividuals in each locality.
The governor also suggests that there
should be a safe margin to enable each
local legislative body to absolutely nx
and determine the percentage of total
income to be expended for saalrles.
"In looking over the salary list of the
city of New York," he says, "it will be
found that there are several officials
who receive a larger salary than the
governor of the state, or the cabinet
officers of the United States and it can
not be clataed with any degree of truth
that the services rendered are always
commensurate with the compensation
given."
Discussing the correlated subjects of
sumptuary legislation and local option,
the governor says in part: .
"Local option as it relates to the li
quor traffic is understood as meaning
that in all communities other than
cities the inhabitants thereof shall have
the right to determine whether liquor
shall be sold ,ln such communities six
days of the week nd upon the determ
ination of that question the excise de
partment predicates its administration.
This right was given because before the
enactment of the present excise law, it
was within the power of the voters or
of the appointing authorities in the
municipalities and villages to absolute
ly prohibit the Bale of liquor by elect
ing or appointing a board opposed to
the granting of such license. It is a
well known fact that in the original
draft of the state constitution, the same
rights as to local option were sought
to be given the municipalities and that
they do not possess them Is due to the
opposition of their own representatives.
There can be no objection to submitting
this same question to the voters of the
cities if it is so desired, as It would
be treating all parts of the state alike.
But if by local option is meant the
right to determine whether the doors
of the saloons may legally remain open
on Sundays, then a different proposition
is presented and a departure is pro
posed from the fixed rules, which have
governed the administration of our ex
cise laws, and it then becomes a ques
tion which concerns not only a partic
ular city, but every section of our state.
Each locality owes to all others a due
regard for their rights and convictions,
and their moral and physical comfort.
No such departure should, therefore be
sanctioned, nor power delegated to lo
calities touching, as this would upon
the fundamental principles which have
had their growth from the foundation
of our country, unless clearly desired
by a majority of the people of the state.
Before submitting a referendum to the
cities, "the whole question should he
passed upon by the people at large In
the same manner as were the provis
ions, which gave the mayors the right
of veto and other features of home rule
now guaranteed them by the constitu
tion enacted in 1S94.
"If open saloons should be authorized
in cosmopolitan cities, demands would
soon follow for licenses from other
branches of business, and might reach
an extent that would arouse the con
science of every man and every woman
in our commonwealth who believe not
only in a day of rest but in rendering
to God, who has blessed us as a nation,
the homage that is due to Him."
The excessive cost of receiverships of
Public or semi-public institutions is
give attention in the message, the evils
of the present system being illustrated
THURSDAY, January a.
The Frawley Company presents Wil
liam Crillette s great military play.
"Secret Service."
Thfl thefltrifnl ,VAnt im -
Prices $1.00, 75c, 50c, 3Sc, 26c
nsora S
I
Players, Complete Scenic Environments,
One Night Only 'Tuesday, January 7.
RICHARDS & PRINGLE'S
Georgia Minstrels.
50 PEOPLE 50
Watch for Big Parade at 2:30 p. M.
Prices 25c, 35o, 50o and 75c.
by the fact that the total expenses in
volved in the liquidation of the affairs
of seventy corporations during tha past
ten years have been $1,666,223.84. Tho
governor therefore recommends "the
amendment of the banking and insur
ance laws so as to provide that all pro
ceedings affecting insurance and bank
ing corporations under the control of
the state banking and insurance de
partments shall not only be Instituted
by such departments respectively, but
that they shall be placed absolutely un
der their control during the liquida
tion." The governor expresses his approval
of the proposition to make the tax upon
mortgages on realty & mills, which will
produce an annual revenue of $3,000,0Crt
and increase the revenues from indirec t
taxation to an amount almost equal to
the annual requirements of the state.
In order to remedy the evasion of tax
lawa by corporations, the governor sug
gests that local assessors be given au
thority to compel corporations to fur
nish lists of stock holdings.
Concerning the canal situation, the
governor recommends that two proposi
tions be submitted to the people. The
first of these Is that the locks be en
larged to a one thousand ton barge ca
pacity and the construction of a nine
foot channel from the Hudson river to
Rexford flats. The second proposition
is that the canal be deepened to a uni
form depth of nine feet. The cost of
carrying out the latter project would
be $15,076,736.
The governor also recommends that
no railway company be permitted to
cross canal bridges unless an agree
ment is made to strengthen and keep
In repair the structure.
In view of the fact that had President
McKinley survived the assault of
Czolgosz the latter could only have
been sentenced 'to ten years' imprison
ment. Governor Odell recommends that
on a charge of assault with Intent to
kill a sentence of twenty-five years be
Imposed.
The governor recommends that the di
vorce laws be amended so that a decree'
shall not be absolute until six months
after it is granted.
In directing attention to the excesstva
and increasing cost of maintaining public
institutions. Gov. Odell seeks "to impress
upon the legislature that the time has
come to call a halt and to demonstrate
that many of our charitable asylums aro
not run so much for the benefit of the In
mates, as for the exposition of peculiar
and sentimental ideas that should have
no part in the management of our pub
lic institutions.
A change In the matter of commitment
of insane persons is recommended so that
where relatives or friends are able to
support those harmlessly insane they may
not become a burden on the state.
Amendment of the penal code is rec
ommended to the end that tho hearing of
capital cases on appeals may not be de
layed so as to defeat the ends of justice.
STAHlWONT QUIT
Will Continue to Seize Liquor
in Spite of Hazen. .
Says That He Has a Bight to
Do So.
Chief Stahl stated this morning that
he would continue to seize liquor
found In Joints In spite of the ruling of
Judge Hazen on the search and seizure
law.
VI claim that I have the right to seize
liquor, and hold It until after the trial,
to be used as evidence against the ac
cused. I certainly have the right to
seize and hold all other kinds of prop
erty in thia- manner and do not see
why liquor should be any exception. I
will not attempt to take bars. They are
too heavy and hard to take care of."
"Are Joints opening up in Topeka as
a result of the recent decision?" was
"Yes, they are. I believe that there
was more keg beer sold in Topeka yes
terday than for the past three months.
I was told .that three handsome bars
were brought out of their hiding places
yesterday and set up last night in three
different places, ready for business to
day. This is probably true."
Chief Stahl has conferred with City
Attorney Spencer in regard to the
legality of seizing all liquors, beer
pumps, glasses and other equipment
found in Joints, to be used as evidence,
and Mr. Spencer is said to have ad
vised him that he can do this legally.
If the accused Jointlst is found guilty
the liquor can be destroyed.
NOW SELLING ICE.
Mutual Company Begins Bus
iness VIth the New Tear.
The Mutual Ice company today made
the first delivery of ice under its con
tracts. The Ice is now being shipped in
from Kansas City. The company ex
pects to continue aecurlng the supply
from outside the city, at least until a
plant can be built.
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