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ROM the very beginning
of their visiting tour the Boer generals, Bo tha, Delarey and De Wet, have been the re cipients of a continu ous ovation. The Boer hero worship was strik ingly manifested be fore they left Cape Town and other places in South Africa, where they were feted and cheered without stint. On arrival in England they were tendered receptions such as victorious generals might have expect ed, accorded an audience with the king and invited to attend the great naval review, all classes of people vying to do them greatest honor. On the continent it was the same, public meetings being I held at which speeches were made praising the Boers and their heroic deeds, processions formed, the Boer na tional anthem sung by immense crowds, especially in Holland, and, in fact, uni versal testimony given of the people's respect and admiration for the defeated generals. Now that it is announced that the trio will come to America for the pur pose of collecting funds for the relief of the widows and orphans of Boer sol diers, opportunity will be afforded for a display of the long repressed sympa thy which our people have undoubtedly f?lt for the Afrikanders' lost cause. There. is every reason for believing that they T ill be received with an outburst of national feeling such as has greeted few strangers here in recent years. When it is recalled that the real senti ment of this country has always been with the fighting Boers, that associa tions have been formed for aiding their cause, that congress passed resolutions of sympathy and that Fresident Mc Klnley offered the kindly services of this country as arbitrator looking to ward peace (but which were refused by f?Tn75ESPITE the assurances 1 given months ago that j all was going well in mmwl the American railway field, all the roads having more freight than they can move and with passenger accommodations taxed to the utmost, there are many indications that "war is on" between at least two of the vast rail way systems that traverse the conti nent. These are the Gould and the Pennsylvania systems, between them controlling nearly 50,000 miles of rail way, or, say, one-quarter the country's total. It is well known that President George Jay Gould, who-was left by his father in absolute control of all his railway and telegraph lines, has been for several years pursuing an upbuild ing policy with regard to his immense holdings, devoting a'l their earnings to betterments instead of turning them in as dividends. He had especially equlp- ped his great Missouri Pacific system i with heavy steel rails and the best o i ed with having devoted $20,000,000 to the ! been superseded by the Postal, so far as rolling stock and brought it up to a lev- j Pittsburg terminal alone, including -the eastern lines of the Pennsylvania el with its competitors in every respect, among their improvements a million j extend. But the Goulds went right on. The beneficial result of this farseeing : dollar bridge over the Monongahela. ', regardless of the threats that yet more policy was apparent last year, when the j From Pittsburg they planned to move i valuable franchises would be taken road, for the first time in its history, j still further eastward to connect with i from them, and the upshot of the mat was put on a dividend paying basis, j the Western Maryland, which Mr. j ter is a prospect of as pretty a fight and not only the Missouri Pacific, but ; Gould recently obtained by a masterly j between two powerful forces m the all its various subsidiary lines, such as: coup and the expenditure of millions. ! American railway world as the age has the International and Great Northern, ' Surveyors are now in the field seeking ever seen. the Texas Pacific, Wabash. Rio Grande, ; the best route between Pittsburg and Now the Pennsylvania is reaching out etc.. were immensely benefited, both Baltimore, and it seems a matter onlv for new fields for devplonment hnvint- materially and in the "market." , his operations to what his brother rail- roadiats considered his "legitimate" . no long ih, rresmeni vjouiu connnea field in the southwest he met with noth 43- s VKRY year "about this lfjS--JfVjy time," as the o'd al- 'i " J J V3 manacs used to say, ; 18 rl J y look out for reports I of gambling sharps ; discovered playing: their dishonest games C t nr tV-.e ftcpfln linprs; Ej!lity 3t is about this time, ' in fact, that me Atlantic steamers re turning to Arneri'.a from England arid , the continent are bringing their richest freightages of passengers. The great ! American millionaires and others who1 are not quite so great but like to show ; thoninelves so by "flashing a roll of long green" are much in evidence just : now and unconsciously bnng along i with thein shoals of "sharks" and ; sharners who fatten upon what they j can be pre ailed upon to disgorge. j The announcement that professional ' gamblers have b?en defected on this and ; that ocean f-Ua;i;shi j is brought out I every year with all the eclat of a new : discovery, but a perusal of journals ' published years ago reveals the same situation annually aboard the same steamers or their successors. It was I only a few weeks ago that three differ ent groups of garnbler3 were spotted and denounced aboard as many steam ers coming from a Puropean port, and all flying the same flag. This latter fact may have been merely a coinci dence, for the ocean sharpers are not prejudiced in favor of any particular line, only being careful to travel on different steamers as often as possible, in order that the officers shall not be come too well acquainted with them. The steamship companies have long been aware of the fact that their ships are used as floating gambling palaces and have done much to break up their schemes, but hitherto without avail. One company, in fact, went so far as to ; refuse a noted gambler of New York passage on its ships and was promptly sued for defamation of character. Most Great Britain), no doubts can be enter tained as to the reception that awaits these heroic veterans of a hundred fights. Great Britain), no doubts can be enter- I tained as to the reception that awaits these heroic veterans of a hundred fights. . I The youngest of the visiting generals . is Louis Botha, recently commander in j those who did not know his qualities dominant feature of his face, says one chief of the Boer forces in the field and i shook their heads at his appointment j who knows him well, is that of com whose "surrender" was so many timos j over the graybeards and men of more bincd manliness and kindness, with a reported before the final arbitrament. ' experience. But the result quickly veri- j suggestive reserve of immense strength. When General Joubert lay on his death- 1 fied the wisdom of the choice. 1 At the outbreak of the war he was pur- ing but approval, but when he branched out north, east and west, as in his pur- chase of the Denver and Rio Grande lines and more recently the Wheeling and Lake Erie and the Western Mary land, some of them began to complain, the protests increasing in volume when it came out not long ago that "M. O. P." and Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul railway had entered into a close traffic agreement, which is only another term for a union of interests. By an other agreement with the Southern and Central Pacific an outlet was obtained at San Francisco, and, as the Gould lines already controlled entrances into I Mexico and to the gulf at Galveston, it needed only an Atlantic terminal to make it complete as a transcontinental j evident. Opposition was. jr.ade.matii system. By means of the Wabash sys-i fest in a variety of ways, but chiefly tern the Goulds extended their lines as j through the Baltimore and Ohio sys far east as Toledo, with a traffic ar- tern, controlled by the "Pennsy,'' which rangement to Buffalo. ! Their first objective in the new de- velopment was Pittsburg, which has ! been reached via the Wabash over the rails of the newly acquired Wheeling ! and Lake Erie. The Goulds are credit-1 of the near future when the expanding '. .Missouri raemc system shall nave Its ; ...... .J.J.. . UL.,m ....u.,. ,,u.i. iLJ own rails laid from the Rocky moun- i tains and Mexico to tidewater on the j Atlantic coast. WMWA a VV jm&msM ii '-L 3 ,t vjr-t'Tfi'Si s ' ii v . -in i i i 1 1 a t n y i uy jfj-i 'i-r -ni n rn t . v..,',-'.!i.iyy : i i They did not know one another, of course, but as the voyage went on and its monotony began to wear upon the passengers they were intro duced by mutual acquaintances and in turn introduced others until they had a large circle of men with whom they were on speaking terms. Then, "just to relieve the monotony, you know," the subject of cards was broaehed, and a "very quiet little game" started in the smoking room." of the "crooks" are known, even though j sengers of the presence of gamblers and j As it was, large sums had been already j who generally travel in pairs, but on their ranks are constantly recruited by .warn them against the parties suspect- ; lost in one instance, and in the other a this occasion, the steamer being a big new sharps, and, being unab to pre- ed. On two different steamers quite re- i jackpot of $11,000 was on the table when : one and the prospective harvest from vent their traveling on their lines, the i cently people were notified of. gambling j the game was interrupted. The mode j passengers presumably rich, there was companies usually instruct their ships' going on and some money saved to in-i of procedure in this latest Instance re- a quartet, of gamblers. . They did not officers, such as the purser and stew- nocent passengers that might otherwise j ported was the same as has always know one another, of course, but as the ard, to inform the generality of pas- have gone into the gamblers' pockets. been in vogue among the ocean sharps, voyage went on and its monotony be bed, he named Louis Botha as the man he desired should be his successor, and the Boer government promptly appoint ed him to the high position. He being: the most youthful of the Boer generals, The Gould operations meanwhile at- tracted the attention of competing lines. notably of the powerful Pennsylvania system, which owns and controls a lit tle world of its own and includes as many miles of rails in its combinations as its rival, the 'M. O. P." Besides this, it has a traffic alliance with the Vander bilts by which a virtual monopoly is maintained along their lines between the Atlantic slope and the Mississippi river. The Pennsylvania is also cred ited with control of the Santa Pe sys tem, thus securing direct connection with the Pacific coast. - Anyway, its competitive instincts were aroused, and war was declared as soon as the Gould intentions-became had a traffic agreement with the West- ern Maryland. A practical ignoring of tnts agreement followed, hard upon the nonrenewal of the contract between the Pennsylvania and the Goulds' Western Union Telecrranh comtianv which has $100,000,000 to expend on betterments and having laid aside $50,000,000 for in- aixi. itawng lam tiiutj ,?uu.uvy,ui.'u lur in-, gress to New York city by means of its wonderful tunnel scheme, which was exploited a few months aeo. Even aft- The hero of Spion kop Is a magnifi cent specimen of manhood, being about six feet in height, welt built and with a strong, handsome face adorned with brown mustache The er securing an Atlantic outlet at Bal- timore, the Goulds, it is said, will not be quite content until they have gained topminol fa r'i li t i ei Vam Vrtrb Tr, this end, it is alleged, they have' tried to secure the Delaware T.aeU-a wannn to secure tne ueiawa and Western the Erie system, but hitherto t e or the Reading their efforts have Tint been snnrpsaful suing the vocation of a gentleman farm er, owning a large estate on the bor ders of Zfeluland. He had received a good education in his youth and was married to a relative by descent of the famous Irish revolutionist, Robert Em met. Botha has been described as one of nature's ready made commanders, having had very little military training before h was called upon to assume , As to the alignment of the great rail- way magnates in the forthcoming con- i test opinions differ: but, generally cndfllfirc tViis r-nrl.-ofollnrc "Wr i 1 I i m ri nn1 ! John D.' E. H. Harriman, H. C. Frink- and a few others are lik-elv tn be on the Gould side, while the Vander - hilts nnd their financial allies will nrnh- ' ahlv ranp-e thpmsplvp with Manamr 9 I 1 A vast responsibilities. He was born in Natal of Dutch parents about thirty eight years ago. General Jacob Hendrick Delarey, or De la Rey, is the oldest of the trio, being about fifty-four or fifty-five, and. like Botha, is a great favorite with the Boers who served as soldiers. Delarey comes of mingled Dutch and Huguenot stock and is as remarkable as Botha for his personal appearance, being a big six footer, with fine, dark eyes, a Duke of Wellington-nose and a large brown beard. He is, in fact, the typical Boer in personal appearance and has all the great fighting qualities which enabled his countrymen to make such a stand so long a time against overwhelming numbers. Born of a fighting family, he came rightly by his genius for war and command, and he has not only the cred it of the first Boer victory of the war, but also for the change of strategy from open, organized resistance to the guerrilla tactics so successfully pursued by himself and De Wet. He has to his credit several minor battles, but his greatest achievement was the capture of Major General Methuen and the practical destruction of his command last March. Delarey is known as the "silent man," but almost equally taciturn is Christian De Wet. who was the greatest guerrilla general the Boers had on their side and, perhaps, as many have observed, the greatest the world of modern times has known. : He, and Delarey are said to have sworn a solemn oath never to sur render, having in mind their devastated acres and farmhouses, destroyed by British incendiaries; but now they are on the way to America bearing a mes sage of reconciliation to all the world, including their former foes. No one of the Boer commanders is better known than the ubiquitous De ! Wet. who alternately chased and was I chased by the British in South Africa JK.QS. CASSATT A. J. Cassatt of the Pennsylvania. Mr. I J. Pierpont Morgan, who is really the I "kingpin" of the railway consolidation a rwl "fimmntiitv nf inforpcf" chpm(i j in this country, has not yet declared himself and will not act until the crisis 1 comes. But that a Titanic contest is ! snnrflv to ensue and that its like has ncvor Wn Innu-n in the annals nf gan to wear upon the passengers they were introduced by mutual acquaint ances and in turn introduced others un til they had quite a large circle of men with whom they were on speaking terms. Then, "just to relieve the monot ony, you know," the subject of cards is broached, and a "very quiet little game" is started In the smoking room. The professionals lose at first, and if any of them makes a winning one of the others is always ostensibly a loser, it really making little difference, as he receives his share of the "swag" at the end of the trip. They manifest no eagerness to play, and on boats where they are suspected have been known to make an entire voyage without mentioning the subject of cards at all, just to throw the ship's officers off their guard. They are always well dressed and of gentle manly appearance, there being nothing about them to proclaim them more than ordinary men of business on a casual voyage "across the pond." Having acquired the reputation of being "good losers," who pay their fre quent losses without protest, they grad ually "get on to" the playing of their fellow passengers and, having selected their prospective victims, go ahead and skin them at their leisure. Their meth ods of fleecing their victims are those common to all gamblers and need not be particularized, but by means of "stacking the cards." marked cards and preconcerted signals they always man age to come out ahead. In the instance mentioned as the lat est reported the game had warmed up in the usual manner. Beginning with a "dollar limit," the ets had gradually increased until there was the comfort able amount of $11,000 in the "pot," at which time It happened that three of the sharpers were playing In company with a rich young man who evidently had more money than brains. He had been coaxed along and allowed to win in previous games just enough to make until the latter were worn out and al most in despair. His great exploit ex tending from July of last year to March of this, when he zigzagged over hun dreds of miles of the Transvaal and th Orange Free State, harrying, destroy ing, always fighting and always getting away, is one that stamps him as a mil itary genius of the highest rank in his class. ' ....... He is the least impressive in appear ance of the three coming visitors and, in fact, is quite insignificant, physically speaking. Before the war he was a cat tle drover and acquired the wonderful knowledge of the country he roamed over by going about seeking out stock. He, like his brother generals, is quiet of demeanor and excessively modest, but he possesses a fund of humor that the other two apparently lack. One of his captures when on a scouting expe dition consisted of three of the British yeomanry who had been taken before. They were brought before the general, who, instead of ordering them to b shot as spies, dismissed them with a let ter to their general, which read: "This is the fourth time I have captured thes raging devils of yours. Please chain them up. They annoy me." EGBERT L. MANTON. PIANO PLAYING RECORD. A Milan correspondent tells of & doughty pianist named Bancia wiio at Venice recently set himself to break tha record of piano playing so far as tim is concerned. Apparently what the mu sician had to surpass was a forty hours' sitting at the instrument. This he undertook to do handsomely by hammering the keys for fifty consecu tive hours, that appalling period being only broken by three short rests of ten minutes each- Incredible as It seems, this feat was duly accomplished In the presence of a committee of doctors and musicians. this country, is the opinion expresses by all who have followed the trend of recent railway developments In tn United States. WILLIAM R. CALE3. A SINGULAR CUSTOM. The Kurds have a very curious and somewhat dangerous marriage custom, which one would think would be mors honored in the breach than in the ob servance. The husband, surrounded by a bodyguard of twenty or thirty young men, carries his wife home on his back in a scarlet cloth and is desperately as saulted the whole way by a number of girls. Sticks and stones are hurled at the bridegroom, who can hardly be considered a very happy man, for the irate amazons often inflict on him marks which he carries to the grave. It may be that among the lady pursu ers are some of the bridegroom's for mer "flames," who turn the mock at tack into downright earnest to avenga slighted love. BETTER THAN MEDALS. A young man while strolling along the sands at Tynemouth, England, re cently heard cries for help. He at once plunged into the sea and rescued a lady from drowning. A few moments after a gentleman came hurrying along and, addressing the young man, said: "Sir, I do not know how to reward you for saving my daughter's life. I know you are too brave and honorable to accept of money, jewelry or medals, but I will reward you with good advice, which is much better. Never eat sau sage in the summer time. I am a pork butcher and know something." his appetite keen, and at this juncture, finding himself with what he considered a winning hand, he after some hesita tion reached down into his pocket for his wallet. Just at this moment a quiet looking, sturdily built man who, with a score of others, had been watching the game, placed a hand on the young man's shoulder and called a halt. At the same time another man stepped to the smoking room door and locked it. "Put your money back," said the first intruder to the young man. "This game ends right here, and you men had best keep quiet," he added, addressing the professionals and pointing them out one by one. "That is the hand for you to play right now: You keep your hands off that pot until this young man has got his money out of it, and if any of you four men are seen playing on this ship for the remainder of the Voyage you will be arrested." Having warned the passengers ar;-J seen that the young man got his money, the detective ordered the door unlocked, and the gamblers slunk away, being particularly quiet the rest of the trip. Making up pools and betting on ths daily runs of the ship is always in progress on shipboard, but the'profes sional sharps rarely go into these pools, having no opportunities for beatintr th game not open to others. Sometimes, to vary the performance, the "shark" take a woman along, an agreeable and attractive female, who Introduces them to the other passengers and paves th way for the game that is to follow. This was the case in another game re cently exposed on a steamship of a German line. The woman's friends In variably won, and the other passengers engaged In the game just as invariably lost, until the gamblers were spotted by the ship's steward and promptly os tracized by their fellow voyagers, going ashore at the -end of the trip with a cloud of suspicion hanging over them. THOMAS L. WINCHESTAh.