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TOPEKA STATE JOURNAL MONDAY EVENING. OCTOBER 20, 1902.
5 Ladies ! We want to call your attention to our Ladies' and Children's Underwear. We will have special bargains for you in these, all this week. Now is the time for you to buy Underwear. , We would ask you to look at our La dies' and Children's 25c Underwear, and 10c Hose. These are certainly bargains at these prices. x x x Ask to see OUR ioc TOWEL. It's a Winner. i THc INtW CAbn Ml i UNDLR CRAWFORD'S OPERA HOUSE Mrs. L. Iv. Brown Proprietor. MEMORIAL SERVICE. feature of Fourth Day at W. C. T. V. Lou vent ion. Tori lan. 1. Me.. Oct. '.-A service in memory of nu mber and !"ri lids who hav,. di. (1 diiring the- year was a Minimi;,' fea ture (if the fourth day's sissi'in of th.- Na tional W. ". T. I.', fdiivwiliiin. K pons Of pnix rinti rid.'iu.s also wi re pr. v in. 4. LmniK th.. for. noon la minute r. -.oris Were mude l.y seven superim. nd' t ts. Mrs. Kmille li ll irtli! of N'-w Yi.-k n port. 1 fur the dep.irtnieiil of lit. ratal Mrs. Martin said tlvre was and art. no more j hopeful siirn mi the hot izo-t of the- or ganization than that they trive Rained the iriilw-r.ee of public si nt inient. Tin' Tress i-vdleet nubile sentitnent and dur ing the ,,;st 'year the journals of the country have (riven larger space to puiilv and temp'-ranee. Mrs. .Martisi :isks for the adoption of a. resolution passed by the N.-v York Cimnlv W. C. T. r. as follows: "K.-solved. That the innocence of youth, the purity of middle aw. and the Sanctity of old are alike ."hocked end deiaded by iilust i a t ions of the fe male fitrure unclothed upon bill boards find In other public places: v wall use every proper means by striving to awaken public sentiment; by appeals to city or state aulhoiities and by lci.'a! means if need be. to have this menace to public morals and stumbling block to clean manhood and womanhood re moved. This resolution to lie submitted to oil the women's clubs and societi-s fisklru,' th ipprovnl and endorsement ,nd inviting their co-opet - ation in the movem-nt." Mrs Ma. tin also unfc! the adoption of Miss Helen M ill. r t '.ould's resolution, "to r.crulate the midway dames at the Ft. Louis World's, fair."' which she said has been ridopted by the woman man age! s as f.illow s: "That it is the earn.st desir" of the National Woman's Christian Temper un e 1'nion that there be no indecent dances i : Improper exhibits in the mid way duritiK th world's fair at su. Louis and that the exposition company be utied to use the utmost tare in awarding concessions for th.- shows in order that there be no ohj. tionable fea- She said: "We take courage in the I ;. , ' , , , , n ' , 1 a uozen iam fact that the ci.mr.troller of the rreas- i1'".- f'".' ''lotr.ed fn m these shelves nrviias .1.(1. u-o inai me a pin an la i ion of $r..on.i.i ca for the exiosition would be withhi Id unless the contract to 'close th" gates to visitors on Sunday during the whole duration of the fair' is exe cuted." There has been 2"fl,fton pages of litera ture printed and distributed free of cost during the year. Mrs. Mary V . T.c v. ll of I'ennsyK-aina . for the dt partlnent of nv rcy. in brief said: "A il.'partmi nt that makes it its clii. f aim of s. stt niatleally itrplantinr th. lui mnne i.iea in th. mind of the human race dt 3t rv.'s su.-ct ss. "California has t naet. d a Mat" la-.v dur ing the year. r, (poring hmiane elu. In the piil.bc schools. in Cnlorad th" same has Ik en done and er ait is frankly Eiven to the W,f. T. V. "Nebraska adopted at its last state con vention resolutions to be pri s. nted to ns Incoming legislature, pn .t .-! ing again., t trap shoot iir-r and denouncing it us bruial and demoralizing." It Isn't George Taylor. Carrollton, M. Oct. -'.-Sheriff Cruz, n r arrest is satlstied that the soldier and. " fit Atlanta. Oa.. is not (bo:,-,. Tay escaped from iail while awaitine- lor -, ho 1 i-X.rll. I Hon for bis part in the murd-r of the Mei ks family. An Atlanta paper contain- lng a picture of lieorge Harms, who, it was ass. ried. was none ..th. r thaa T.i. - - lor. was received todav aad Sh.'rio" (': declar. d it bore no likeness whau vu the escaped murdrr. r. Convention Continues to Grow Omaha, Oct. 20. TUe second sect'., the proceedings of the convention o' .;: n t "1 of I'll' Diseioles of Christ 1., ...." .... unoer 1 be oirectam of th Christian Missionary society department wr rk addi;i..n.il poured into the city bv the although about T.ii'mi delcgat F For thi s dele-rates "nndreds, ha . or. rived last week. The morning session opened with devotional service, foiiuw ing which committees were upooint" 1 and reoorts were read. Moliaeux Jury Completed. New York. Oct. 2 .. The work of c ur pleting the jury that is to try Roland I Molinoux for the murder of Mrs. Kathet in J. Adams in iJecemhcr. 1V wax .nded t (lay hy the selection of tlie twelfth ".,n - contrary to gem ral expectation Just Lambert had no announcement to niak( concerning the Harnett letters, Giving Back the Money. Cincinnati, o.. Oct. 2-1. During the w ar with Spain W. Hanking Ooode. the b ay orator of this city, raised over J.V by popular subscriptions for a battleship to lie called "The American Hoy." Kx-F. s. j Attorney John W. Herron, father-in-law j oi o"i iii'.i wiiunii ran ot tne 1 tulip pine islands, is now ri turning the money to the subscribers. Eutler Is Indicted. Ft. Leads. Oct. J'.-Thp lcto!,.-r Brar,.l Jnry today handed down an indictment Charging Colonel l-'dward Hiitler. the loml politician and millionaire, with bribery ia connection with the city lighting deal, in which H7.0C0 is said to ha ve been disbursed among members of the house of delegates combined. For This Week I SELL POLICE COLLECTION. Some of the Curious Thing3 Gathered in a Bit? City. The property clerk's office Is at police hea.iiiu ti a rs in Manhattan in the fa mous old -Mulberry street buildmer; in Brooklyn in. the cually i inmus old Smith mansion in Sni'th street. In Man hattan almost the entire basement is o( ciipieii, as the property clerk's store room, wnile over, on Crosby street, a few blocks away, he has an nvnex siven o it mainly to the storage .f gambling paraphernalia, irr Brooklyn this last is - b 1 ! in what r.-.ust have been the barn of the old family residence that has in its old asc fallen to police use. In both places it is kept until the accumulation brfflris to overflow its assigned quarters .end then broken up. as it would be un lawful for the police to sell it. The i veood g-oea to the kindling: pile, the ! metal, brass and iron to an old metal ' "reap, which is eventually sold to a junk , dealer. This is the inglorious end of it!-e Ramblers- tools taken in raids in ; various parts of the city. Judging from I the broken remnants the bulk of the iKtunblinsr paraphernalia takes the form iof slot machines, which on rare occa sions, for the deposit of a nickel vield dazzling returns. The chances, how ; ever, are easily a hundred to one against 1 their yielding anything". On the fraa ; n:i nts that remained could be seen 1 i.asted instructions whereby, should the machine prove too prodisal. the pro- Pi ietor could re gulate it so that it would ipve less to the unwary investor, j Probably the most interesting- exhibit j is a Kroup of 41 "spook" pictures oon liscat. il in 1SSX. when Ann O'fielia Diss I d" H.ir. now servine- a seven year term ;'".""' r-nmisn prisan. was on trial Tor -"",:'llnB Luther K. Marsh. For nearly (.ute. - n years these pictures have been 1 "':'"!mu,atln dust in the basement on Mulberry street, until now thev look out ho dimlv from their tarnished crumbling did frames that "spirit pictures" seems I no misnomer. For fifteen years they (have been waiting for court to decide ;ihiir ownership, and Erive orders ns to ! thi final disposition, until the death of the .! 1 lawyer in Middletown last spring s.n.j liti-d matters and they were finally awarded t the department to be sold I to the hijrr.'st ladder. On the found property shelves, all or wraiipen an.i ticKeteri. is a va- jriety of articles whioh would lavisb.lv ,e.uip a country store, or even n reason- dozi-ai bands furnished with instruments. It is curious how rarely people claitv articles there. If anything is lost or stolen they advertise, gen-rally with n "no questions asked" clause mbodied in th- advertisement. Hut it '(.i s not sc.. m to occur to them that lost articles frequently are turned over to the p'-lice. and that, moreover, the po lice are continually arresting persons h lying property in th'ir possession net :'"ir own and for which no claimant ( '. if appears. Tt is curious, too, how t; ioy oeonle will make a charge of tlx !"., have a man arrested, even rmsh the (l arge in court and have the pris oner sent no. and vet will never take tienith - trouble t. claim from the rironertv c!. rk the articles thev have made such a fuss about. Hrooklyn Eagle. STAMP WORTH 000. Philatelic Possasaed by Syra cu3?, N. Y. Man. John F. Seybold of this city has added a twclvepence (black) Canadian to his rare collection of postage : tumps. This may nut mean much to the uninitiated, but sneaks volumes to the rihilntelist. Its rarity may be rucssed when it is 1 k''own that it is valued at St',00. and Mr Seybold says he would not part with it j '"l" a great dea! over that flgure. The !"' - 1 'ntornie.d dealers and collectors ' tr that there ar not over 35 of these j stamps in the world, while some of the more conservative place the number fit j 1". This ore is on tile original cover and is the only one known to exist in 'that form, the others being separate stamps. TV,.. , j t ', . ' "'"" ' Ot tne !SSU OI J Unfi H lv .1. to Dei ember 4. 1JCi4. There were in all :.1,400 stnmris issued, of which the largest number sent to a sin--le odio'e was to Hamilton, w hich received 300. On May 1. H r.T, the stamris not used were ail destroyed. The total r-umber of stamps put into circulation from the is sue was l.rdn. The stamp purchased by Mr. tkybold bears a Hamilton post mark. The stamps nf this issue were made by Uawdon, Wiisht. Hatch & Edson of New York, who also printed the first is sue of United fcitates government stamps in IM7. At the time nf the icsoo r-.f the twi.lcp- jpince stamp the nostasre to Knuland ! was 1 shilling (25 cents) sterling, the Canadian currency being at a discount. m postage to the West Indies was tv,-. Ive-pem e and to the United states sixpence. Therefore, about all of the f tamps went either to the West Indies or (aire to thus country, few, if any, going outside of the two countries and Canada, those coming to this country rallying, of course, a double-weieht lottei As there were few. it any. eol- lectors, in the West Indies, the stamps sent to that country were about all de stroyed. Government buildings and old corres pondence have been turned ever to dis cover more of these rare stamps and the ground has been thoroughly cover id, so that thtre is littl" chance of oth ers being found. In Kingston. Ont.. a boy collector had one, which he parted wiib net long ego for $2. and the stamp was iosolcl in a short time for $200. A pair also sold recently In Boston for $1, . bOO. Syracuse Post-Standard. IRISH LEAGUE MEETS. President John F. Finnerty De livers an Address. Foston, Oct. 20. President Finnerty, in opening said they again assembled in the dual capacity of American citizens and allies of their Irish kindred to lift up their voices in behalf of Ireland's tillers of the soil to own the land they cultivate. Jsovv C0,IK)0 Irish husbandmen are fanner proprietors and they are so because of the labors and sacrifices of Parnell and Davitt, O'Brien and Dillon, Biggar and Kedmond, who followed In the track of the pioneers for Irish liberty. Today there are other Irish patriots, the brothers, and friends of Ireland's delegates to the conventions, wearing the convict's clothes and performing; hard labors in Irish jails, because they have dared to tell the Knglish prime minister that his rule in Ireland is founded on invasion, usurpation, con fiscation and the breach of treaties, which even savage virtue would have respected, but w hich Knglish greed and jealousy systematically violated. The Anglo-No. mans, at the close of the twelfth century, introduced their foul feudal Fystem into Ireland. Before they came, the Irish lands were the property of all the people, and were behl in trust by monarch, prince and chief. But the invaders did not respect the breton laws, which governed an cient Ireland, and were in the main, models of wisdom and justice. On the contrary they overrode them from the first nnd after vanquishing fathers and brothers in the field, or by traitor meth ods, they married the daughters by force ami laid claim to the lands which was the common property of all the Irish people and not of a favored and privi leged few. Ireland did not tamely submit to this new and violent condition of affairs, but as history tells has fought long and persistently for liberty. The Anglo Norman feudal system was iiaramount in Ireland until Parnell. supported by tbe T.F.nd league, of which the United Irish league is tne lineal successor, made a breach in its brazen shield. Catholics and Protestants ali'.te were persecuted and the outrages forced them to emi grate to the American colonies, where they too!; th-Mr riart in the war for in dependence. Since January 1, 1S01, Ireland has been to all intents and purposes an Knglish province. Th? union act wiped out, as far as rarchment and seal could do it, her distinctive nationality: but the hearts and hands of the bulk of the Irish people have been and are inliamed and raised against the provincial condi tion. They have not accepted the brand of social and political inferiority. English rule stands self-condemned by the official reports of its own servants, which show that Ireland has today a smaller population than she had in 1S01, and that within the last sixty years 1. 200.00 of her peonle starved to death; more than 2.000.W0 were evicted from their holdinss. and 4.000,000 at least sought refuge from British tyranny in this and other free countries. A gov ernment, whether native or foreign, that could and can find no remedy for this wholesale destruction of an ancient and highly endowed people has no right to exist. It has sinned against the benefi cence of God and the inherent rights of mankind. Under more favorable conditions, the Irish people would be entirely justified in resorting- to arms to end this huge iniquity. Kight and justice are on their side and present opportunities alone are wanting. With a powerful ally to fur nish her with the nucleus of an army and with the munitions of war, Ireland, by putting every able-bodied man in the field, could win her independence, but without such an ally nothing short of a miracle could render her victorious. The men upon Irish ground are the men to dicide the policy of their country. So long as they keep the green flag flying and make no comprise of their right to be free and independent, their American kinsmen, are. and will be their allies and auxiliaries. Ireland must fight Eng land with such weapons as she has ready. She must not submit to be ex tinguished while waiting an opportunity to strike.- She is threatened with one great and pressing danger extinction by emigration. As her manufacturers, except in the line of linen and a few other staples, are almost destroyed by English competi tion, wmcn nas every advar.taere that wealth, Litnnt and skill can give, her young people are, in a great measure, cut off from skilled labor pursuits, and agriculture is the only other alternative of employment. The best lands of Ire land are held bv alien and absentee landlords. The worst are occupied by the tillers of the soil. Between these two classes, there is an irrepressible conflict. The Irish landlord are offered settlement tentamount to forty years' rental for the lands they hold, in general by the law of conquest or the process of con fiscation. These lands belorg by here ditary right to the Irish people. But the Irish people do not ask for anew con fiscation, but' for condemnation and purchase by loan on terms of easy re payment. When, instead of SO, 000, 600, 00(1 heads of Irish tor ant families be come proprietors, a tourniquet will have applied to the bleedinir arteries of Ire land. The young people, the pride and flower of their country, will remain at home, and, beneath the genial skies of their native land, make her fertile soil blossom as -a rose. And with nrosperity will rome liberty, its handmaiden. England herself must be growing tired of tlie cruel Irish landlords, whom she ui- holds by her sheriffs and h( r soldiers. Balfour and Wyndham are making a last effort in behalf of their clients, the land lords. They have dug up the gaunt and ghastly remains of old Edward 1, "the hammer of the Scotch," and with this rcsty, rotten old "hammer" they- are at t( nvptmg to put down the United Irish league. They have hammered a dozen Irish members of parliament and about three hundred local leaders into jail. The meeting today, said President Fin nerty, was to express the sentiments of the American Irish on the Ir'sh question and to welcome Ireland's chief and his f( llow-delegatcs. A year has not yet elapsed since the United Irish League of America was temporarily organized. I spite of senseless opposition in some quar ters and unmanly apathy m others, it has increased and multiplied throughout the American continent, and has furnished the true men in In land vith a respect able amount of the sinews of war to carry on. in a manly manner the noble strug gle for land and libert-v. The Frotestants of te north and the Catholics of the south have joined hands for the salvation of their country, which presages a long day of glory and pros perity. President Finnerty referred to the as sistance he had received from the nation al secretary. Mr. John O'Callaphan, of Roston; Mr. John Jay Joyce of New York: Iir. J. F. Martin of Baltimore, and Mr, P. Shelly O'Ryan of Chicago, also' Na tional Treasurer T. R. "Fitzpatrick of Bos ton, and to the other officials nnd mem bers of the executive and general organiz ing committees. Thanks, too. he sntl.were due to Messrs. William Keci-nond and Joseph Devlin, members of na'-liament. for their camnaitrn of organ'zation through out A-merica last spring. In conclusion h- welcomed Mr. John F. Fedmord and the other delegates to America. Austrian Editor's Troubles.. Few people in Kngland have any idea of the disabilities under which the press o Austria suffers. They accept the abuse of England which too many Aus trian papers have poured out during the war as the outcome ot the real feelings of the people for us, ignoring the fact that the continental press being, as a rule, the slave of the police. i3 onlv too giad to be able to divert to a neutral object the diatribes, which it longs to intlict on its own government. In Vienna a iiaper can be summoned, punished, ami even suppressed on the slightest ex cuse. A paper is obliged to insert with out comment all offieal contradictions of facts, and even If ft can prove that its statements were absolutely correct, it is not allowed to do so. Moreover, a Viennese paper cannot be sold in the streets, and so its readers are limited to its subscription list. But apparently this state of things is beginning to dis gust even the ministerial circles, for Herr Ivoerber has just brought in a bill to enve the press a little more liberty and greater facilities for distribution. It is proposed to allow papers to be sold in the streets, the writers and not only the iiaper will be held responsible for signeA articles, and the editor will be allowed to comment on official contradictions in the vers' number of the iiaper in which those contradictions appear. The Vien nese press will thus be somewhat eman cipated from the slavery in which it has hitherto been, which is something to the good. London Globe. OAS AS FUEL. An Expensive Substitute for Anthra cite Coal. Among the substitutes for coal as fuel none, perhaps, is attracting more gener al attention just now than gas. Many people who do not have to count the cost and many more who do have to make a strain to make ends meet doubt less expect to keep themselves more or less comfortable by using gas for heat ing and cooking. Only the vaguest no tions exist as to the relative cost of gas fuel. Everybody knows that it is dearer than anthracite when the latter is at its normal price, but with our customary fuel practically unprocurable, even at four times the usual figure, the use of gas would seem to the uninitiate to be a comparatively cheap alternative. A closer investigation of the question, however, does not bear out this impres sion. Oas at $1 a thousand cubic feet has been estimated to be equivalent in heat ing value to anthracite at $15 a short ton; where the cost of gas is higher its expensivenoss as a fuel is, of course, correspondingly greater. The accuracy of the estimate has been in a measure established by experiment with a steam heating riant the boiler whereof was so constructed that steam could be gen erated by a gas flame. In the course of seven months 370.000 cubic feet were consumed in heating a rather large house of 30.0C0 feet cubic capacity. To state the result of the experiment in terms comprehensible by all, gas fuel is two and one-half times as expensive as anthracacite at 6 a short ton. Another test equally exhaustive showed a ton of coal to be the fuel equivalent of 20,000 cubic feet of. gas, running the per ton rate tto to .$20, assuming gas to cost $1 per thousand. , Few of the moderately circumstanced probably expect to keey their houses as comfortable with gas as they had been accustomed to do with coal. Gas stoves have been installed as makeshifts and with a view to making life endurable in or.e or remaps two tne prmcioai rooms. Here, however, another difficul ty lias to be considered. Where is the supply of gas to come from to meet the greatly augmented demand? It Is not merely a question of turning on the tap and lighting a match. If the require ments of householders should suddenly be doubled -'.the manufacturers of gas could not fill thir tanks as quickly as they would be exhausted. The fluctua tion in the demand in accordance with the rise and fall of the temperature, moreover, would present conditions al most impossible to meet, and, if possi ble, it would be at a prohibitive cost to the manufacturers for gas holders or other means of storage. From some cit ies a diminution of pressure due to in creased use of gas has already been re ported, and a much larger demand would result in making gas unavailable for anybody. Philadelphia Kecord. THIS IS APPLE JACK YEAR. Stills Are Working Night anfl Day Producing Jersey Lightning. After a drought of apple whisky which has lasted two year?, this season promises to bring- forth a larse Quantity of the famous Jersey liKhtniriK. The apples are piling into the distilleries in this eounty faster than they can be used, and quantities of the fruit re going- to waste. The storms of the summer and early fall have swept the r.rehards clean of apples, and thousands of bushels have been gathered from the ground. The farmers rush this second class fruit to the stills, some of which are working night and day in order to save the ac cumulation of raw material. The largest apple whisky distillery in the world is at Johnsonburg, in the northern part of the county. It is own ed by a man named Jones, who has been in the business more than fifty years. When he started half a century sro there were small distilleries all over New Jersey, and especially in Warren, Morris. Sussex and Humerdon counties. Now there are less than a Ozen In all that territory and less than two dozen in the state. Fifty years ago the dis tilled extract of apples could be boughi in any procery store for 10 cents a gal lon. Now it brings $4 a pallon, and the real article is hard to Ret. The best applejack is made in Morris county, one distillery at Suecasrrnna having a trade that is world-wide. A press clipping bureau keeps the pro prietor informed of all towns in every part of the country voting "no license." As soon as he learns of a prohibition town he publishes an advertisement in the newspapers of that town offering his goods in plain packages. The scheme has brought him riches. Last year this distiller was compelled to ap peal to others in the business to help him fill orders. His plant is working twenty-four hours a day. Apple whisky is still drunk extensive ly all through northern New Jersey. Few call for it by the glass, but hun dreds carry it away in bottles. So near ly has the demand equaled the supply for several years that the older grades have disappeared and only the com paratively fresh product is to be had. New York Sun. PILLOW SHALL BE EARTH. An Ancient Custom Still Continued by Orthodox Jews. One branch of the orthodox Jews still keeps up the custom which seems more than 30 centuries old. It is the laying of a dead man's head upon a pillow fill ed with earth, and placing upon his face of an earthen elate cr saucer broken into three nieces, one for the nose and one for each eye. When a family is very wealthy the earth is brought from the Holy Land, and the mortuary plate from a potter's kiln not far from Jer usaler.'.. It is made of a reddish clay, and is sireilar to those now dug up by the I'alestine exploration fund laborers. To make the nillow and to break the plate, into the thrw conventional rjieces lot. rand ccrsiderable practice if not skill, and give steady employment to a little wizeped-i:p long-bearded Polak rabbi, who lives down in the "Bend" be tween Park Row and the Five Points. For the opulent, he has earth which he claims to have had imported from Pal estine, and odd plates which look as if tney mignt have been made by the pot ters of King Solomon. But the well-to-do w ho follow out the old customs are few In number and the majority of the faithful are not blessed with an excess o-f worldly goods. For them he has clean earth taken from a held of growing grain and plates made in some pottery not far from the city. There is no set rule respet:ng the earth. It may be laid in the coffin beneath the head of the dead man, and so form the pillow which is usually pro vided by nature herself. Or it may be the filling of a linen or silken case on which is inscribed a line from the Torah or a figure of King Solomon's seal. How he breaks the plate is a secret which has come down to him through many generations. It formerly . was done by a sword, afterward by a trowel, but today by a small hammer. When the blow is struck the fractured pieces should not be of the same size. Two should be small and somewhat circular In outline, so as to cover the optic orbit, while the third should be rather long and reach at least from the eyebrows to the end of the nose. The first nart of the ceremony is easily understood. It expresses the traditional saying, "Thy pillow shall be earth," but what the meaning or origin of the three pieces of plate is not known to the official him self. He says, "It is the law of our fathers, and I follow the law." According to one of their scholars, there was a superstition once that the pieces of earthenware protected the soul when it made its final exit from the body, which was supposed to occur within a short period after physical death, but there seems more reason for believing that the custom was of the same nature as the practice still extant among some people of laying coins upon a dead man's eyes. New York Post. FITZ HUGH LEE PAID Major Chauncey B. Baker, chief quar termaster for the maneuver division, served in Cuba under General Wood. While there he saw much of General Fitz hugh Lee, of whom he tells a hitherto un published story illustrating the thorough and persistent methods of the government in the matter of accountability for gov ernment property. Previous to the civil war General Lee was in the regular army and was station ed in the quartermaster's department in Washington. When the war of the rebel lion came Lee espoustd the cause of the south and went into the confederate armv. It developed shortly afterward that Lee was responsible for some government property that had been lost. The value was $37.50. Of course, there was no wav of holding Bee. He was not only out of tne union army, nut in the confederate araiy. The account could not be collected. Any attempt to collect the account after the civil war was concluded when Lee was a civilian would be without result. Tne Spanish-American war came. however. and General Lee was recognized for his services In Cuba and given a command of brigands -In the regular army. About the first letter that was sent to General Lee from the quartermaster's department was a statement of the indebtedness of $37. .7) incurred forty years ago.. The time limit of twenty days allowed bv the resru lations in which Lee could have called for a board of survey to clear himself of th indtbtedness had long since expired. A trifle over forty years of time had elapsed In accordance wit hthe rules of the wat department General Lee was told that the amount of the claim would be held against his pay account. 1 "And General Lee paid it," said Major tsaKer. jjrooKlyn Jagie. HOW TO WEAR GLOVES. Many an otherwise faultless toilet la epoiled by the wearer's 111 fitting or badly chosen gloves, for women very generally fail to give the requisite at tention to these small but most lmpor tant additions to the costume. The fact is that women, as a rule, don't re alize how attractive or otherwise hands can be, and therefore they do not trouble to heighten their charms or conceal the want of them by pretty and daintily fitting gloves. There are many "don'ts" to be re membered by the woman who aspire to be well gloved. Don't buy cheap gloves. If you cam not afford to have new gloves very of. ten, it is better to have those that ar well cut but much mended rather than a uew and cheap pair which distort the appearance of the hands. Don't squeeze your hand into gloves which are uncomfortably small. By doing this you will be sure to make your hands appear misshapen and will very probably make them red and un comfortable after the gloves have been faken off. Choose gloves that are long enough in the fingers and which button neatly at the wrist. Take care, however, that they are not too large, for baggy backs, slouchy wrists and wrinkled fingers have a slovenly look. Don't wear a glove with a button oft or a hole in it, thinking it will not be noticed. It is almost sure to be ob served, and it will stamp you as care less in the eyes of the beholder. Don t put on a new sieve carelessly. The first molding of the glove to the hand decides its future shape, and therefore it is most important that it should not be put on anyhow, but in the best pos sible manner. Turn back the wrist part of the glove and then carefully work on the fingers, seeing that the peams are straight. When all the fingers are well in, smooth down the hnd part of the glove and insert the thumb. When this is properly in, with the seam going down the center of the nail and when the seam at the side of the hand Is even and smooth, then the glove may be but toned or clasped. Don't forget to sprinkle some powder Into your gloves before putting them on if your hands are given to perspir ing. Don't rumple up your gloves in a ball when you take them off, but smooth out each carefully, lay one on the other and put them both away in a case or drawer till wanted again. An RcgrardK Shirt Waist Sleevea. The new shirt sleeves of the small bishop order of things are smart made with a few tticXs and pouching -a little aver a tight wristband. This sleeve Is easily washed and possesses the merit jf being cool in the summer. The elbow pleeve is seen in some of the best F'rench models, and for muslins it Is de lightful. With this style a fichu looks well, though it is not by any means a necessity, for it is characteristic of the iashions of the hour that they are mix ing all periods, as they are all colors, ind, on the whole, with very good tast ind discrimiaation. Antann Shades. . Darker colorings are now In request for autumn wear, and there are delight ful shades of brown which can be pret- i tily relieved by touches of the newesj pink or blue or even look . well with iahlia and heliotrope. Brown is'alsr iffective with creamy white rests anj yellowish lace, and the latter is especial ly effective if threaded with tuxquois r black velvet. i. . SOLE AGENTS Brokaw Bros.' Clothes. Sole Agents 2r a ie a ' Aiircu benjamin & Co.'s Correct Clothes. TUESDAY SALE OF For a flyer Tuesday, m . - - .-, xm -,VS .:Xv-.Vj If 111 i ' Visa I i X ' BIaK.e s every thread all-wool, iiesn color Shirts, and Drawers sold all over the U.S. at $1.50 a garment, see for yourself tomorrow ONLY buy your winter s supply at cnoice Tuesday, Double-breasted Under wear of camel's hair Shirts and Draw ers that always sell for 75c ea. these we offer tomorrow ONLY at Heavy Fleeced-lined Underwear, en : underwear, tomorrow at 03" 50c ave Your Pictures By mounting them in a lio4o We have One Hundred Different Styles From 8 cents up to $3.50 See Our North Window SWIFT & H0LLIDAY DRUG CO. 523 Kansas Avenue. PRODUCT OF CIVILIZATION. Sentimental Weakneas Keeps Alive the Predatory Classes. There has been much speculation con cerning the large pauper class which exists among all civilized races. It is a product of civilization. There are no paupers among the sav age racesi which have a maxim that the able-bodied man who will not exert himself to secure subsistence must go hungry. Those who by their tender years or their extreme age are unable to support themselves were cared for by the active members of their families, or in some cases of emergency the aged and helpless members of the tribe are put to death to get them out of the way. These summary methods were in use among the nomadic races whose condi tion required that they should be fre quently on the move, either for pur poses of war and plunder, or for hunt ing. After a people had abandoned such pr ecarious methods of life and had devoted themselves to agriculture and adopted pjmanent habitations, they no longer needed to slay their aged and de crepid members, and respect and pity for the aged and the helpless were In corporated in their religious and social institutions. But the aged and helpless individuals in a community or tribe had to become so bv no fault of their own, and had done nothing to forfeit the regard of their fellows, while there were severe laws against the able-bodied loafers and Idlers. They were not tolerated by sav age or barbarous peoples and formed no part of the population. They became thieves and robbers and were constant ly under a ban. Sometimes the robbers were forced to flee for their lives, and they formed communities of their own and even founded nations. Rome wa founded by a horde of robbf who had established themselves among the hills and marshes of the Tiber. There are robber tribes in Asia or.d Africa, and the brigands of Kurope are nothing more, being numerous and powerful enough to defy such governments as those of Italy and Turkey, and the Slav states of southern Europe. In all prob ability these brigands are countenanced or licensed by the governments they seem -ro defy. But it is only in a high state of civil ization that extensive classes of pau pers and criminals can exist in the midst of the population and under the eye of the law. These conditions are maintained partly through the undue sentimental weakness of the people, and partly through the corruption of the po litical systems upon which governments are carried on. Through a most proper and praiseworthy pity, asylums are established for the helpless little ones and the decrepid and dependent of all clasFer. Many persons finding that through these most wortr.y institutions they can shirk the responsibility ot caring for their dependents, shuffle them off on the public or on the charitable people. Then there are the loafers and idlers, who refuse to perform any public or private beneficial service, and ltve on the labors and often on the shame and crime of others. Then there are the criminal classeFt, who are constantly en gaged in operations by which they seek to Fecure by -unlawful means the prop ertv of others. The loefers. the tramps, the classes engaged in vicious and criminal prae I tices by which they swindle ana.plunder i the honest and hard-working masses. number in the United States more than a million of people, and for the most part they are known to the local offi cials of the government in every com- KEEP YOUR EYES ON US. Vsu"' weneu 1',: s Matin BmilMma-IBa KmnmmmAvm. Handsome Hand-Tailored Suits and Overcoats at least CO shies to select from of the best makes, the nobbiest patterns, the best-fitting garments in which is embodied individuality and ex clusive features you cannot see elsewhere. Convince yourself i2slour prices are right s10 SI2.50 I5 SI8 $20 s25 s28 30 COOP UNDERWEAR. we offer you choice of New Crawford Theater. TONIGHT. MR. TIM MURPHY, Presenting his greatest comedy suc cess "Old Innocence." Prices: J1.50, J1.00, 75c, 5Cc, 5c. Tuesday Night, Oct. 21st. The beautiful romantic idyl of ths south, "ON THE SUWANEE RIVER" Same big original company, including STELLA MAS'HEW Prices: 25, 35, 50, 75e. Seats celling. Wednesday Night. October 22. Dan Mason and Chas. Mason Jd their Latest success " Rudolph and Adolph " Bright, st of Musical Comedies, Prices 25, 35. 50, 75c and $1.00, Thursday Night, Oct. 23. RICHARDS & PRINGLE'S FAMOUS GEORGIA MINSTRELS Note the prices: They are :0, 20, 30c. A few at 50c. Sale opens Tuesday. Monday Night, Oct. 27. The Famous Original Bostonians. H. C. Barnabee and W. H. McDonald, pro prietors. " ROBIN HOOD." Prices: 25, 50, 75c, $1.00, 1.50. Seats 8 a. m. Friday. Grand Opera House. One Night, Thursday, Oct. 23. A MUSICAL. COMEDY WITH A PLOT "THE DEVIL'S LANE." Strong cast headed by Elmore Sisters. Prices: 25, 35. 50c. Seats Tuesday. Plad's. Friday Night, October 24 It's coming Just for Fun, "Brown's in Town." Don't Come If It Hurts You to Txus'n. Prices: 25. 35, 50, 75c. Seats Wednesday. munity which they frequent, and but few of them are ever punished. For the most part they are protected by some powerful influence. public or private, and it is only when a popular outcry is raised against some flagrant offender that he can be punished. New Orleans Picayune. . He Learned a Great Truth. It (s said of John Wesley that he once said to Mistress Wesley: "Why do you tell that child the same thing over and over again?" "John Wesley, because once tell ing is not enough." It is for mis same rea son that you ore told again and again that Chamberlain's Cough Remedy cures colds and grip; that it counteracts any tendency of these diseases to result in pneumonia, and that It is pleasant and safe to take. For sale by all druggist. Album