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TOPEKA STATE JOURNAL TUESDAY ETEXIXG. JTJXE 16, 1903.
TCFERA STATii M'RllL BY FRANK P. MAG LENNAN. VOLL'MK XXX No. 111. TK-R.MS OF SVUSfUli'TION: Pnilv edition, il-livered by carrier. 10 Ci ts a f.k in any part of Topeka. or ehe.i-l.i nr i. t tlm c:. ri.. t i r i . ' ill M II V lv H a - . town where tin; paper" :s a carrier PtMTl. Fv mail. on1 year I infill. thrc' months Weekly eoiilnn. ore- year fc-RTwi-'iav imiii i! ji i:iilv. one year.... 1 '.'0 (FntiriM Julv 1. ;;.", ;is stniml elii-is tr.mtcr t lln- iiostofficc at lopeka, Kan., under the act of coisgtfss 1 TELKI'IIONKP: j ruslnoKS Office I tell 'phone 107 j Jumim s. r.ffice Iixl. 'phone 1072 i I IH)rt rs' ll.iura I Sell phone 577 Importers' 1: n In.l. 'phone W71 Wka S.VtV Jm.rrua bl.tld'mr. SOO and i Kansas m venue. rnrn--r of V.ighth. NKW VOlik" oi.'KP'E: 2il Van rhilt Hldg. Paul lilock. M.'r. CT1 J'' AO- i i F1-'K "K: ISO 1'nitv Hi.lir. Paul Block. M;r. TV LI. LEASED Tv'ir.E ItEF CUT CF THE ASSOCIATED IEEZ3. The Stnt" Journal is a member of the A s-nri.t T - d Press and receives the foil d;iy 1-if qrfiph r-poi t of that Rrcat news or immzat!n for exclusive afternoon publlca-tl-n In Topeka. The n ws is receive. 1 In the Stnte Jour rsl buiMI-iif over wires for 1 1 .Is sole pur Toe l.imv tt-riiiihniit the e.'.tlre day. A complete copy of the night r port is also j "'"iv-d. I "" ! The beautiful blue Dunube is in a ' fair w ..i v to change its color to red. Th" problem fonfiontinc eastern Dem ocrats is how to reorganize, the party without ttie aid or consent of William J. 1 :i a n. it le rn a long time since a Euro- t'l-an throne has lie n m i-upied by a nvin named Peter. The n- w king of Servia if n--t w ii In mt distinct iua. Sim, 5! is p. it has 1 ssji.i r,,i n demonstrated that vie president to be. I pi .sidem-v, the sec- j tick' t is likely to be ! j t h A tl" tO the Afl-r V Fervi.i. ritst Kei-.t'ti Uy has coire tg th" Ilalkan states, accounts of d"ings ::i county people w ait ml a l:nt-d. flout ;:la. I'!" alhitt t end lui; I n 1 1 ! ! V 1 1h- W.ll f th. " III le. .! 11 II !l: P. -..pie to work with, a "le to repair the of t' uill : ra vag. eiel. Within a month there j in 1S9S to $8,378,766 in 1902, and prob .iio. ii . i lively little evidence ii ably nearly or quite $12,000,000 in 1903, th. iiHa'1 in Kansas and Iowa. i i i a inu- thrust membership upon I'res- l e nt ;;.i,is.elt the labor unions nmv '. t i e in ginning In license him of treason I 1" the in im iples f oiganizcd labor. Vi t th" piesi-ieni su.ire pi execute the law ! h toi i1 any t :ii:ig else. 'hieac;o will Ksue- a million t b- nds. the ptoc.eds to be appli csiablishni. nt of parks. 1'ark I pilars in f 1 to th-; J require. I t--i much time that only posterity cui "fxpMi-ii. e th-ir full b- neiit. hence p .s tiiiry si'enild h.lp pay the expense. ' 1 In an inteiview in London Lord j poths. hil.l says that th. tncs.-tit unset- t! 1 state of the A niftii an stock mark, t ls due to th-- fa. t that Ann-ricans are j l-ing foi.ed to unload their domestic . uiiti.s to taly . nr.. of their foreign in est no tits. Yei kes. Morgan, Schyvub ond i Hi. is have embarked heavily 'u J.iiiish .nttipiis.s and thus far Knglish and elhil ! iuai iin.-stois have r-'flie-d lo i.li.v. them of this load. Liing t'v.is .o;np-!lel to earrv on their own .houM-is a liiit'i. u of their ow n sc kiny: these Ameiiial.s w re ful'-cd to dispose Of s, , ,n jtj, yh' Ie'."-T a inarkt could be fomi'l, i c n a ('. '-lining market. nv y i ev of the flood mid it s ink n by a few p-opl not extended abroad, f,. .i mil he thankful. In r th" ii-i,ii : it ua tion 1 Ienr .'s Financial Itevie yy- sn v- In r- h o w hi. h 'A fe, rit:" l h e s ,v " s b- i 1 , . to,, in ! d -in ih ri bee, bin rich i h il-S the ,rst that oa i -1 is hit, mill condition r. There has tie' ri yv ,-st and loo lit il, y est . however, t he tiii 'd to lands hor- in i!v. Ill h le '- I Ii Lai a in! it is to be renion, -d thai Hoods ney.r ,-ause a famine, usnailv I. ive tin- soil milch f n i. The drouth seems likely to re in a s, ; i , i t y o I" hay a ud t odder 111 as!. ih.ouL'h ih.is loss is easily com i' i :or in other ilii ections. and it ti., ahl. th.it no s. riniis complaints limine; finni laimcrs since the Hi yas relieved. (I,,,- thing we nr. of. ami that is a good wli-iit crop o.l I I I 1 1 - tor the same." Uaitfiii! Courent: There is a charm of sinipi- and r.isy- inconsistency about snui, of" our gteat nn :i which cannot but cut- riain those for whom it is dis- pla-,i. nn Iuos,:;y the bis hii) Kionpun:'. iiln lm sailed from N"-, Yoik lot Iniiope. Among her passengers vas I-:. H, llariiman, known for having had his appendix removed after his bavin- done somewhat similar services in the street for others for some time. Mr. Hariiman was aske, ,y a n poitei- bout business and leolied, "I haven't b-. n paying any attention to busimss sine... 1 became ill. and all that I knnyv I've g d from 1 railing the papers." Then. un-launte.1, the reporter inquired, "How about Union Lai-iti, ?" And Mr. Hai ri rian promptly answered, "It's all right. I bought some of it yesterday." Natur ally any Wall street operator would no. tify the public, if he had started in to buy any stock; that's the way they .ill do. Li t b'tyveen knowing nothing in or." paragraph and personally buying in the next there intervenes a wide g.ip; it is the smiling simpleton knoyy n as the Public mouth open. The year 1903 has so far been a ree rid breaker for disasters. The Kansas I floods it is estimated have caused a loss of millions (if dollars. Other western states have been damaged millions and the crops so injured that the eventual loss will amount to many millions more. Then following close upon these troubles have been storm damages in O-T.-vgia and South Carolina which will i Purely reach ten millions estimating i wonortv loss onlv. Of course the loss! . , ., . . t life m the west and Fouth cannot be I ewtoiated in dollars and cents. In addl- tion have been the forest fires through out the country and the injury all alony the Atlantic coast due to the drouth. There Is no way of accurately estimating- these losses, but they will swell the grand total several millions more. Now comes a flood tn Oregon accompanied by an appalling loss of life. The loss of wages due to strikes and the stop- nacrp fif t-ki-rnl it. t rttiorotinno is fllllV as great as the losses due to natural causes. The American people, however, 1 j have plenty of energy and courage to j ! rally under such alllictions and the ! ! will meet and repair all these disasters j so tar as the material loss is eoncernea j PORTO RICO AS AN ASSET. j Porto Rico is furnishing a market of I million dollars a month to the pro duccrs and merchants of the United i States and supplying nearly a million i dollars worth each month of tropical ' products required by the United States, j The total shipments of domestic mer- I chandise from the United States to j Porto Hico in the ten months ending with April were $!,S44.31S and of foreign j merchandise $218,276, making the total j value of merchandise sent to Porto Itico j from the United States $10,062. 594. The total shipments of domestic merchandise j from Porto itico to the United States in j the ten months ending with April, 1903, j was jx. 744, 427, and of foreign merchan dise $sy,('.';7, making the total shipments from that land to the United States in the ten months ending with April $S,- S3o. i64. In the month of April the ship- ments from the United States to Porto Pico were $y31,r.26 and from Porto Itico to the United States Jl. 919,02;!. These figures indicate that the shipments from the United States to Porto Rico during the fiscal year which ends with the present month will aggregate about. $12,- 000,000, and those from Porto Itico to the ! t United States nearly an equal sum. ! These figures of commerce between Torto Itico and the United States are in j marked contrast with those of earlier years. In the fiscal year 1S98. which im- mediately preceded the transfer of Porto Itico to the United States, the exports j fiom the United States to that island j w re $l.r.o,VJ46. In the next year they. ; w, re $2.t.v.4.s4; In 54,S4U,44'j; in IS'01. $i;.:icr..40s: in 1902. li,S82.633; and, ps already indicated, in the year 1903 will be i'bout $12,000,000. Thus the total shipments from the United States to Porto Pico for 1903 will be eight times as great as those of 19S and six times as great as those of 1S97. On the other hand, shipments from Porto Rico to the United States have grown from $2,414,- ,,r about live times as much in 19u3 as in lN9s. - - - J. Kdward Cutler, a post-graduate student of Yale, has made a scientific study of lynchings, and here are snme of his figures. The number of persons lynched in the United States the last 21 years up to January 1, 1903, is 3,233. There are 105 unaccounted for in the race table which says that the number of ntgrocs lynched during the period : named was 1.872, and the number of j white? 1.2..6. Of the total number lynch : ed CI were women. 3S eoi.aeu and 13 white. The most lynchings occurred in the vcars ISSi and 1892, the large num- ,.r in IsM being due to the work of the j Vigilants in Colorado and Montana foi depredations on property. Jn 1893 the I lynchings were ehietly in the south, j Only about 35 per cent of the negroes; lynched in the south w-:e. killed for as- ! snults on women. During the 21 years j 023 lvm hings were in the west, about I 43 per cent for murder. Since 1892 there j has been a steady decrease in the num- j her of lynchings. Figures on the nuin- l.er of persons put to death in the name j of the law during the past 21 years would be appalling. JAYHAWKER JOTa j Luilding dipping vats is the principal , industry in Lane county these days. i These i mil. frosty mornings have start ed Mr. Sledd, of Lyons, slipping around. , There are a half dozen boats in Ster- ling and not a navigable stream wither. ' tw- nty miles. Colby is to have a. merry-go-rounit .Inn,' 10 to 20. St. Francis has had one for a month uast. i An o.ld pocket piece of a Sterling man is a portion of his knee cap bone. injured twenty-five years ago. I The pleasant divi rslon of a Stafford county farmer after his day's work M the milkinsr of seventeen cows. I A flood incident at Wamego was the I Hunting down stream of a mother pig ' with thirteen lively little porkers aboard. A Kice county citizen who smiles u hen hii;h water is mentioned was for twenty-tive years a sailor on the (icr ' man no-aii. ; (governor Railey anil bride were 1 soared a. shov.er or rice and old shoes. There yyas too great a demand tor these articl-s in the refugee camps. Wellington is so dark and gloomy on r the "fly in the w heat" that they ha e been turning on electric lights ; nightly an hour before sundown. Attica steadfastly refuses a tempting offer of Jlmi a month revenue from an outside jointist. The town believes in standing up for home industries. The flag ordered bv the Oreenwood county commissioners for the court j hous-" will be very appropriately un- ; furled for the first time July 4. j Coiod drinking water is so scarce in ' ITorton that a prominent citizen quenches bis favorite dog's thirst from the dipper at the public fountain. Those who believed the gloomy, ' dreary spring was to have no summer i are to he fooled. The Topeka weather ' bureau man predicts a rising mercury. j The Kureka Loyal Legion sent two ! dozen bouquets to the jail recently. To some of the prisoners the essence must 1 have brought back the ghost of things ! long dead, a fragrance of their purer ; past. ! A w ise Clay county prophet declared ; trouble was coming to that part of the : country and immediately left for the east. Within forty-eight hours of his I dtparteure came a cyclone followed by 1 n. i ioi vi GLOBE SIGHTS. From the Atchison Globe. The greatest suffering in a hue affair falls to Hi i, ne w r.o num t get tired nr.-t. Leery time we see a certain woman with her husband she seems to be abusing h.i n. It is prnbably the only case on record: an Atchison man has been ruined bv a wo man. Advantages always look larger than tb's a Lantag-.s, even when the scales are bal anced. All Atchison e-irl bns srmirrel trteth -,n,l I win n she tats an apple holds it Willi i,.,th j banns. Sn f'!r the girl graduates have set Id every trouble but t ie Hoods and the Ljoor probltn.i!. a child likes to have something of its own. Fathers do, too, but mothers do not seem to care about it. Don't marry money: you can spend the money, but you can't spent! the trouble you may get with it. It Is a doleful feeling that In time a man's grave would be entirely neglected were it not for a "committee. " Diplomatic relations have been severed between two Atchison women. One of them criticised a house the other is building. If you don't like anyone, call him a gaz alKio. It is one of those new words which mean nothing and which consequsntly mean everything. There is a girl visiting in town who wears a pink shirt waist. We wish she would ro home: we are tired of seeing that pink Bhirt waist. Blind Sharley lately found a blind girl in whom he was greatly interested. "Say, he said to a friend this morning, "what sort of a looking girl is she?" All other leakages in the family Income becomes needle's eyes by comparison with the big hole through which money must pour for a child's education at college. It is possible to attend a graduating pro gramme these days when a beating rain outside will relieve the audience of the pain of hearing what the graduates are sayir An Atchison woman finds that all the women she ever knew or heard of, who went crazy, were married, and she adds that she doesn't wonder at it: she is mar ried herself. "Notice." says a woman, "that when people don't like a man's hat, he buys an other. No one likes my hat; does that give me the privilege of charging another to my husband?'' Submitted to Jim Orr. QUAKER REFLECTIONS. The fellow- who shaves himself some times cuts his best friend. No, Maude, dear; the steeple climber is not always a high churchman. Vhen charity begins at home the wolf skulks on to the next door. A search warrant isn't necessary in the quest of happiness. The gift of gab has caused many a man to give himself away. Lots of excuses are not worth the trouble it takes to make them. Don't roast the weather man, or he'll be apt to make it hot for you. A gold brick could scarcely be re ferred to as a giltedge Investment. If you don't stand up for your rights someone else is going to sit on them. The street car conductor will tell you that a fair exchange is no robbery. When a girl rides horseback it be comes largely a matter of habit with her. At any rate, the fellow who always has his hands in his pockets can't have them in other people's. Many a man who boasts that he is laying up treasures in heaven is very careful to take out a fire insurance policy. The Briton's slow to see a" Jest, Unless it is antique. And so believes that he laughs best Who laughs some time next week. REFLECTIONS OF A BACHELOR. IFrom the New York Press. It makes a woman madder not to have a rival talked about than to be talked about herself. If burglars were women no wife would ever let her husband go downstairs to catch one. tienerally when a woman tells a racy story she gets the point so blanketed that it is in a dead calm. It makes a woman very happy to think how wild her husband would be if he did not love her so much. No woman would ever go abroad and stand being seasick if she did not know it makes some other envious woman sicker not to be able to go. . CLEVER IN ELI DING MAN. California Partridges Are Shrewd In Protecting Their Young. Young birds have been taught a great many things, but there are some feats which they know without instruction. In a large open air cage in the New York Zoological park Is a covey of six California partridges, about one-third grown, and their little bantam step mother. She dozes at one end of the range or walks slowly about, pecking among the blades of grass. The small sextet keep close together, and if we watch them for several minutes we will come to them as their feathers and lit tle bills came from the egg. Unlike the hen, they are suspicious of your ev ery movement, but in a short time they forget that you are not a lifeless tree trunk or oth-r harmless object near their cag?. They select a sunny spot, always on the dead leaves, never in the green grass, and here, after much cud dling and pushing, but never a peep, they squat, usually in an irregular cir cle with heads cutward. Unless there are dead leaves or some similarly col ored surface in their .cage they never settle down contentedly for a sun bath. We watch them nestle close to the ground and close their eyes; then some movement on the part of the hen may attract our attention for a moment and on looking back again we are amazed to find the little birds have disappear ed. It is a fact that if we lose sight of them even for a short time the eye at first refuses to distinguish them from the dried Haves. Thelt: little backs are dull, dark brown in color, broken by irregular fine white lines, very much like the mold lines on fallen leaves, while the lighter sides of the head, in- 1... ; t tr a nil rnnsniriions. are exactly like the lighter shades of some old leaves, the imitation being more perfect from the fact of the coloring being thus broken up. Even the little brush of upraised feathers in their heads hints of the beautiful recurved helmets of the old birds appear like small, frayed-out pieces of grass or leaf. . ' . If wp look toward them with hall closed eves not a trace of the birds is visible. All appear sound asleep and the little heads sag drowsily to one side, but at the slightest noise each black bead of an eye is wide open and six scurrying pairs of legs or rounded, whirring wings carrv their owners to the father side of the cage as if an unfelt wind had sud denly caught up some of the dead leaves before us and tossed them along the ground. It is all a beautiful bit of magic which never becomes less won dei ful' no matter how many times we wooers i-. When we see how wonderfully these little partridges are protected from dan ger by their color we wonder how the mother partridge keeps hidden during her three weeks' vigil on her nest. The male bird is indescribably beautiful dotted and slashed, Ftained and shaded with different tones of color, some of his feathers looking almost like the scales of fishes. His head is decorated by two interlacing white lines and the tall hel met of beautiful recurved feathers, which, added to his black throat, make him a verv conspicuous bird. We find that his little wife, while, to a certain degree, shaving many of his beauties, has them in such subdued tones that they do not make her at all noticeable among surroundings of dried grass and weeds. , The young birds are still further pro vided with means of escape from their many enemies, for almost from the mo ment they are hatched their little wing f athers shoot out. and when only a day old they can flutter a full yard into the nir. In fact, I have known one of these hardy chicks to fall out of a nesting box eighteen inches from the floor and some how gs t back alone on the day of hatch ing. Imagine a common chicken at tempting this! Chicago Chronicle. THE SPECIAL SESSION. Some of the Details Leading tp to Proposition. Governor Bailey has been most anx ious to relieve the distress of individ uals, enterprises and communities that have suffered from the Kansas .floods. lie has desired to meet the situation without recourse to a special session of the legislature if that were possible. This is natural for there is a widespread feeling against special sessions. In deed, there is a general sigh of relief when a regular session adjourns and the average Kansas thanks his good fortune that he lives in a state where the law makers, doorkeepers and the superintendent of ventilation come to gether only once in two years. There are nightmare visions when the duly established legislatures turn them selves loose on the state and an additional griping pain with a mince pie effect accompanies any thought of a special session. The average citizen throws up his hands and seems to say: "Good Lord, deliver us." There is no telling what a special ses sion may perform in addition to what it Is called upon to do. There is no power to prevent all sorts of alleged wise and palpably unwise enactments. We are too much given to law making. We need fewer ones, to say nothing of better ones. There has been no insistent demand from any part of the state for a tluod session except from Wyandotte coun ty. The pressure has been the other way. The Wyandotte county people do not urge one for the opportunity of secur ing aid from the state, but solely for the worthy purpose of helping them selves. They ask a session merely for the pur pose of permitting them to vote from $.",00,000 to $700,000 in bonds to rebuild their bridges. Governor Bailey until Monday even ing, hoped that a plan might be de vised which would obviate the necessity of legislative action at this time. He had in mind the issuance by the coun ty commissioners of Wyandotte county bonds to the extent required. He be lieved that the school fund commission would be warranted in taking a suf ficient number of these bonds to insure their complete validation at the next regular session of the legislature. He believed that the Kansas City, Missouri, banks and the large corpo rate interests in the twin cities would advance the money on these bonds and carry them until the enabling act should be passed. Incidentally he happened to meet At torney General Godard and another gen tleman, both of the Topeka finance committee and unfolded "11"' them, at the same time requesting these two gentlemen to accompany him to Kansas City for a second conference with the representative people of -andotte county. The governor desired that as large a number of the executive council as pos sible be with him at the same time, but State Treasurer Kelly was the only member in Topeka. Attorney General Coleman was at St. Francis on impoit . . . ti., ce.ti. in connection ant ousiness io io--- ... ---- with the Dewey affair. secretary of State Burrow and State Auditor A ells were at their respective homes in Smitn Center and Erie and were delayed by the irregular trains in reaching Topek.t or Kansas City. Mr. Uayhoft was at tending teachers' meetings at some place unknown. . , . The governor succeeded m reaenmg bv wire Secretary Burrow, a ml Auditor Wells', both of whom started for Kan sas Citv Mr. Wells arrived late after the conference. Mr. Burrow failed to make connections altogether. At the meeting were R. L. Marshman, Joseph Butler and James Kilmer, the board of commissioners of yandotte countv. Among others present were A. I Berger ex-auditor of Wyandotte countv Ju'dge O. L. Miller, ex-congressman; Senator J. K. Cubbison; Senator James L Allen of Doniphan county, ex-Senator W. J. Burhan. James Gib son John McFadden, C. K. Wells K. H. Perkins and Mr. James of the Armour Packing company. Governor bailey bigan the conference by saving he was there to use his v ery best efforts to enable the people of Wandotte county to reconstruct then bridges He said he was opposed to collingaspecial session if there were any other' wav for the county to issue tnc necessary" bonds. "There is intense op position "to a special session, said he Wyandotte county is the only countv in the state which asks it. A special session .of the legislature is a menace to the state. Twice in the state's history has it been called. Kach time it was proved that such a measure should be avoided if possible." The governor then stated his plan as outlined above and called upon Mr. God ard to give his views. . Mr Godard said he had not examined . ,.o,r thoToiiirhlv. but I into tne suujro , v, ! thought the governor's plan might : be put into a leasinie, piai io...... proposition with the assistance of the Kansas City, Mo., banks and other cor porate interests. ... , He gave a number of instances where emergencies required the doing of cer tain things, not strictly legal, but which ve?e demanded by the exigencies of the cases and the validation of which was certain upon the convention of the leg islature. Several unexpected obstacles quickly materialized. It was discovered that at one time some years ago Wyandotte "countv had voted $200,000 in bonds and upon "the issue proving iegal, throug.i a technicality, the county had decline, to redeem the bonds, some or which ha J been held br Kansas City, Mo., barks i and their friends. I a careful canvass of the situation', i made in Kansas City, Mo., yesterday by I Henrv Allen, at the request of the gov ernor" developed the fact that the Kan sas Citv, Mo., banks would not advance i dollar unon anv bonds issued under the Plan suggested by Governor Bailey. I It "aio developed that a far larger 'amount of money than the governor i anticipated, from $600,000 to STSO.OM, would rave to oe oteu t- :i kucw m. . the brirlges. Tt wc. made plain that the bricL-e statutes do not permit the voting of bonds for bridge construction in coun ties with a population of over 20.000 except at a general election. There will be no general election until November, 1904. It was also demonstrated that the law providing that counties may ex pend in the repairing of bridges au amount equal to the original cost did not cover the Wyandotte county condi tion at all, for the reason that most of these bridges have been utterly wipM out of existence. Where some portion of the abutments remain it was selt evident that in place of these abut ments there should be piers; that th' bridges would have to be lengthened at each end to the extent of a span; thai thev would have to be built not only longer but higher and wider V pro vide for the traffic and insure the safety of the structure. It was also made evident that should the county commissioners issue bonds without authority of law, they would be liable to imprisonment in the peni tentiary, and while it was not believed that the commissioners would actually be imprisoned for taking hold of the emergency in this manner, it was not believed practicable, nor would they take the risks of issuing a half million dollars more of bonds in the absence of law. In brief, the governor and those who accompanied him were driven to the conclusion that the only way out for the construction of these bridges was a special legislative session. The presentation of the case and the arguments and reasons set forth by the. Wyandotte county people were simply invincible and unanswerable. "A special election, even if called, could not be held until 30 davs after the call," said Mr. Cubbison. "In the meantime the largest city in Kansas will dwindle down to a town of 10,000 persons, because there is no bridge con nection with Kansas City, Mo. If, as you say, Mr. Governor, the request is narrowed down to Wyandotte county, the legislature can meet and pass the enabling act in four hours. "We estimate that five out of the eight county bridges, which went out, will have to be rebuilt solely by the county," said the board of county com missioners. "Practically none of the parts of the old structures left standing can be used in building the new bridges." Senator Cubbison said that the special session should not last over a day at the outside. Senator Allen expressed the same view. Each agreed to vote against any bill to give state aid to flood suf ferers, although no such promise was exacted by the governor. "The county will be able to save one half of the cost of the bridges if it has the money right away to figure with the corporations that must rebuild their bridges," said Mr. Buchan. The Wyandotte delegation had ar ranged to drive Governor Bailey through the devastated districts of Armourdale and Argentine. . They felt sure the sight would convince him of the neces sity for a special session. Mr. Bailey, however, gently but firmly declined to go. "We have seen enough," he said. "I am fully aware that the calamity left awful results and am fully con vinced that you must have the bridges." The Kansas City Times, in referring to the matter, says: "The bridges are not wanted to help the flood suuerers so much as to enable other people in Kansas City, Kan., who work on this side of the river tn get to their work. The Wyandotte delegation ex pressed the fear that thousands of peo ple would leave Kansas City. Kan., and locate over here if something wasn't done. They want to keep those people over there. They also said that the west side was lia ble not only to lose a couple of prospective factories, but some of the big packing plants that are already there. Bridges are the only salvation of the town. v ithout them the place will lose half its popula tion and property values will go all to pieces, as represented. "It is proposed to build li- bridges, lo cated as follows: James street. Ceiv.ral a Vi cue, Kansas avenue. Twenty-fourth street to Argentine and Kansas avenue in Western Armourdale. On account of the heavy traffic exceedingly strong bridges must he constructed. It is estimated that the five bridges will cost between $r)o,'e0 and $7:i0,(joo. In order to be on the :-afe side the county wants authority to issue f.ro.0uo in bonds. It is barely possible That this amount will not be needed. If the county gets quick action it may be able to join with the Kansas City waterworks and the street railway company in build- i mg joint bridges, the cost to be divided, i " 'I am glad this delegation came down j with me.' said the governor. 'They know i what I had to go up against the other day. ! I will go home, think and confer over -he ! sub.K ct again, and then make public my ! decision in regard to the special session.' j "Should other counties wish power grant ed to issue more bonds than they can is ; sue at present they will make their wants i known to the governor at once. It is de sired to know exactly what business is contemplated before the session is called." NEW WOULD PROBLEMS. To Better the Backward Masses of Mankind. The great subjects that now have most attention in five different quarters of the world are projects for the bet terment of backward masse of man kind. The building- up of the least for tunate people of Ireland, in Russia, in South Africa and in our own souther-i states now engages the wisest men of three ryrent nations. This is a happy change from thoughts of war and ever, from the routine of jreaceful politics. If the long unrest of Ireland is about to end in quiet and prosperity, if the peasantry of Russia be lifted even - little and some gleam of religious nivl personal liberty shine in on lon oppressed life there, if the reeonstruc. tion of the British colonies in South Africa g;oes on smoothly, and if the en thusiasm of southern educational lead ers continues to substitute thrift for illiteracy in the backward part of th-.-population these practical movement will all mark definite economic progress of incalculable value; for they will brintr into productive activity a larKe. population that has not yet contributed its share to economic civilization. To these e-reat movements may be added the advancement of the populations ot our island wards in the Philippines and in Porto Rico. If all these populations the Irish tenants the Russian peasantry the Dutch and natives in South Africa the negroes and the backward whites ir our southern states, and the Philippine peoples were brought up to the same level of eflicient life as the masses or men in any of the dominant industrial parts ctf the world, there would be such a gain as it has hitherto taken centuries to bring. They would add to tlie pro ductive classes as larpre a number of workers as the productive classes now contain. For a very small part of man kind are yet the economic masters of the world. Slow as all these large tasks are, and perhaps impossible as some of them are within any measurable period, signifi ce.nt the work of some of the govern ments and of many of the foremost minds of our time is the work of de veloping backward populations. It is the most straightforward effort that civilisation has ever made to extend itself. World's Work. POLITICS AND IJI SINESS. It Is So Easy to Always Charge the former. D. W. Mulvane. in discussing the Kan sas Mutual situation today, said: "I have a policy of J.'i.ooft. paid up. and naturally I am anxious to do the very best I can. I believe the best proposition is from the Illinois Life. It is definite, specific and businesslike and their prop osition only needs signatures to make it binding and make, as I believe, my old policy good." An effort has been made to p'lt great political stress on many action, of the trustees and others who have taken a hand. It is interesting to note that while not of course committed to any action, being a trustee, that Cyrus Ice land and Dave Mulvane. not usually lined up in the same faction, are put in the same political berth. A Benefit Entertainment. To the members and friends of the Topeka Council No. 9 T. T. B. A. An entertainment will be civen for the benefit of our flood sufferers at Lincolr Post hall Tuesday evening, June 16. Ad mission 10c. Ice cream and cake 10c. Dance afterwards. Coal and coke. Tele. 856. Topeko Ice & FueJ Co., 112 West First St. THE RELIEF FUND. F. Ware Says "Make $600" Other Receipts. It Eugene Ware has again increased his subscription to the relief fund, raisins the amount to $600. This came in a message to the editor of this paper, as follows: "Disaster great, but state greater. Kansas is rich and has no state debt. Increase my subscription to J600. "H. F". WARE." This .shows that Mr. Ware has the true spirit. He believes in Kansas peo Dle helping themselves. If all were as liberal as he the relief fund committee could stop receipts and declare a divi dend Among the subscriptions received to day for the fund was one from M. A. Low for 1300. Joab Mulvane increases $200, raising his individual subscription to $300. Mr. and Mrs. Weston, of Roxbury, Mass., have subscribed $500 each through Rev. C. M. Sheldon. Citizens Holton, Kan $5'X).0O H. M. Weston. Roxbury. Mass 6OO.C0 Mrs. M. J. Weston, Rox'ourv.Mass. 5no.W M. A. Ixiw .Oi U. S. Globe Mfg. Co.. Trenton. N.J. . 2.V. on Bruce & Wilson. Glasgow, Scotland 242.') J. J. & R. Walker & Co., London ajit.CO John Seaton, Atchison 2't.'0 Joab Mulvane. additional 210.0:) E:. F. Ware (third Increase) lmi.flO Business Men's club, Cincinnati... Nh.Oii Lindsborg. Kan., Mill At Elevator 'ii.Ou Moon Kajs. Carriage Co., St. Louis. . 25.00, Frank ST Clark 10.00 Colored n.an, Hennessey, Ok 10.00 Mrs. Joseph Wayne io.e-l C. W. Kouns 10. tn Blom Collier Co., Keokuk. la 10.0.) United Mine Workers No. 544 10. 00 William Bradbury I0.: Laclede. Ill x.00 Anna Roffensperger. Marion, 0 5.00 C A. Richard, Hovt, Kan 5. ft) U. B. church 4.0,1 R. C. Kinniard. Sapulpa, I. T 3.0,) New Castle, Maine 3.00 Lena Valley S. S., Madison, la.... 2.50 $,'),2S1.50 HE IS THE THIRD. President Roosevelt Visits Uni versity Founded by Jefferson. Charlottesville. Va June 16. The University of Virginia today entertained the president of the United States and right royally the students of this his toric seat of learning performed their duties as hosts. The occasion of the president's visit was to attend the seventy-ninth commencement of the univer sity which occurs today. Mr. Roosevelt is the third president to visit the uni versity, of which Thomas Jefferson, whose remains lie quite close to the col lege he loved, was the founder. Presi dent Hayes and President Cleveland have enjoyed the hospitality of this truly southern institution, and the warm welcome they received were duplicated in the greeting extended to President Roosevelt today. The president's special arrived here at 11:30 this morning. The Monticello I guards were on duty at the depot and kept back the crowd that had assembled to see the distinguished guest. Visitors have been pouring into the city since yesterday and hotel rooms and teams were at a premium this morning. The president was cheered as he stepped from his car. He was met by Dr. Paul Karringer, chairman of today's exer cises, and a committee of alumni. The party was driven direct to the university, where the exercises were held in the public hall. Here the stu dents welcomed the president. The ad dress before the alumni association, which was first on the programme, ha t been prepared by Judge W. Gordon Robertson, of Roanoke, and was to have been delivered by him. He, how ever, was detained at home by illness, and his address was read by R. Walton Moore, of Fairfax, a member of the board of visitors of the university. Judge Morris then, in a brief speech of welcome. introduced the president. After the applause had subsided the president delivered his address. At the conclusion of the president's address the various medals were deliv ered and then luncheon was served in the gymnasium. Judge R. T. W. Dunk, of Charlottesville, presided as toastmas ter and Introduced the president who responded to the toast the "United States." After luncheon the party visited Monticello, the home of Jefferson, where they were entertained bv Jefferson M. Leevy, of New York, who now owns the j place. President and Mrs. Roosevelt rode ! there on horseback and other members ! of the. party went in carriages. The president will leave here at 7 o'clock this evening for Washington. FOUR ARE HELD. Result of Hearinrx in Mahanna Murder Case. In the preliminary hearing of the Mahanna. murder case which was com pleted in the City Court today, four of the five defendents were bound over to the District court. Elmer Mundln, who fired the shot which killed the Mahanna girl, had his bond set at $6,000. The others. Claude Mundin, E. D, Thompson and Cornelius Callahan were held and their bonds fixed at $4,000. Thomas Devlin was discharged, it being clearly proven that he left the neighborhood before the shot was fired. The prosecu tion, assisted by Attorney Joseph Ited, who was retained by the mother of Mary Mahanna. contended that al though Elmer Mundin fired the shot, the other three defendents were within reach of him, and failed to make an ef fort at restraint. The testimony in the preliminary hearing brought out little aside from that given in the coroner's Inquest. NOTICE. Investors of the Reserve Investment i Company. j The Reserve Investment company will J make liberal loans at a low rate of 'n ! terest to anv of its contract holders in I anv state .. sn ff ei'in tr from loss on ac count of the floods and high water. Make application to F. R. Heeman, president, 511 Bee building. Omaha, Neb. HE GAVE SEED CORN. Frank Btout Helps Farmer Flood Sufferers. Frank Stout of Auburn has con tributed a load of seed corn for the farmers whose farms were devastated by the floods. The county commission ers would like to receive other similar donations. It's a mistake to imagine that itching piles can't be cured; a mistake to suffer a day longer than you can help. Doan'ii Ointment brings instant relief and per manent cure. At any drug store, DO cent" City Ticket Office, Union Paclfls Railroad, b25 Kansas avenue. Br. Lyen'o PERFECT ii n f Jsed by people of refinement tor over a quarter of a century PREPARED BY " CLE.ANLINE.SS ' Is the watchword for health and vigor, com. fort and beauty. Mankind is learning not only the necessity but the luxury of clean liness. SAPOLIO, which, has wrought such changes in the home, announces btr iiter triumph HAND SAPOLIO FOR TOILET AND BATH A special soap which energizes the wholt body, starts the circulation and leaves an exhilarating glow. All grottrs and druggists. Long Distance Telephones A Are u.fd exclusively on me tallic llne&. These insure the users of the Five Cents a Day Tele phone good eervice. Missouri & Kansas Tel: Co. Thorn 99? TH ERE ARE OTHERS. Pabst Is Not Alone in llarlng Claims Against Blackmail. It has developed that several firms besides the Pabst company are looking for Lew Blackmail, who has left town. It is said that a Arm which supplied the Blackman brick plant with a neiv equipment of machinery at a cost of about $:).000 is trying- to locate the miss, in? capitalist. When Blackman trans ferred the plant to the present owners he received from them a sum to pav for this machinery, but is said to.havj failed to turn it over to the coniaany which had the bill. The Pabst claim for $2,900, the brick plant claim for $3,000, and several other claims bring the total amount up to about $9,000 which it is said that Mr. J'lackman owes. A friend of Mr. Blackman is said to have received a letter from the missing man a day or two ago. The letter was written in California. ONLY 15 AT WORK. Santa Fe Freight Handlers' Strike Ties l p Shipments. Kansas City, Mo., June 16. Only fif teen freight handlers are at work at the Santa Fe freight depot today. They are not able to handle one-half of the freight brought for shipment. The Santa Fe is trying: to fill the places of the strikers. A detail of policemen is patrolling about the freight depot and several mounted officers are In the vi cinity. The strikers are picketing the depot but are making no demonstra tions. SEED AND IMPLEMENTS. How Flood Money for Farmers W1U Be Uied. The county commissioners have de cided to buy seed for crops with $.ikhi of the money given them for the re. lief of farmers who suffered bv the flood and to use the other $2,000 to buy farm implements. Monday the commissioners bouerht 2"0 bushels of seed potatoes, all that could be had. They are being: stored In the basement of the court hous? and will be issued to farmers who need them. The commissioners will buy a larfje j amount of seed corn. They expect to ; buy the corn in a crib somewhere north I of the river where farmers could drive i to the crib and get their corn. Sup i plies of kaffir corn and garden seed win also be bought. GIVE CAH OF OIL. The Standard Adds to Its Flood Donation. The Standard Oil company has con tributed a car load of oil for the use of the Topeka relief committee. This is in addition to the subscription of $i0oo which was included in the New York donation and $2,000 sent by the same company to the Kansas City committee. Head Camp Meets. Indianapolis, June 16. The thirteenth session of the head camp of the Modern Woodmen of America began here today. After the welcoming address to which Lieutenant Governor Northcott of Illi nois replied, the convention took up the regular order of business. Warning. I hereby warn any one against pin chasing any pickles or barrels whiclV were carried away from the Otto Kuehne Pickling & Preserving works during the flood. OTTO KUEHNE. LOCAL MENTION. Social dance tomorrow evening at Steinberg's. Electric fans. Mrs. T. V. Codington has received a box containing DO pounds of clothing collected by her niece. Miss Ruth .Wil son of Omaha, Neb., from her fellow students of Nebraska State university at Lincoln, to be distributed by her to the North Topeka flood sufferers. There was a small fire at 9:20 last evening In a rag store at 106 Kansas avenue. Only the chemical engine was used and the damage Is small. The man who captured two robbors in the west part of North Topeka Sunday night was Max Robinson, a well known colored citizen who lost all his property in the flood and spent a week in rescu ing and" caring for neighbors. There is a man named Henderson, who lived on North Jackson street, way up near Soldier creek, who deserves a great deal of credit. Henderson did not have a boat, so he could not go forth and do the hero act. But he had a pile of stone near his place, and he proceeded to save the stock of his neighbors. Af ter planting three or four cows and horses on this Ararat he fed them of ten swimming to neighboring barns af ter feed. He kept this up four davs and only one of the animals was- his own. i nn