Newspaper Page Text
TOPEKA STATE JOUltNAI MONDAY EVENING. JULY 6, 1903.
TOPEKA STATE JOElHIk BY FRANK P. MAC LENNAN. iVOLTJMK XXX No. 158. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION: Dally edition, delivered by carrier, It) cent a week to any part of Topeka, or suburbs, or at the same price in any Kan fas town where the paper aa a carrier system. by mail, one year J3.9B Py mail, thre months SO Weekly edition, one year Eatuniay edition of daily, one year 1.00 Entered July 1. 1S75, as second claan matter at the postoffice at Topeka, Kaa, uuider the act of congress. TELEPHONES: Puslnesa Office Bell 'phone 107 Business Office Inii. 'phone 1072 Importers' Room Bell phone 677 Reporters' Room Ind. 'phone 1071 PERMANENT HOME. Topeka State Journal building. "0 and 02 Kansas avenue, corner of Eighth. NEW YORK OFFICE; 211 Vanderbllt Bldg. Paul Block. Mgr. CHICAGO OFFICE: 1M0 Unity Bldg. Paul Block. Mgrv FTJLL LEASED WIHE E.EP03.T OP THE ASSOCIATED rBESS. The State Journal Is a member of the Associated Press and receives the full day telegraph report of that great news or ganization for exclusive afternoon publica tion In Topeka. The news is received In the State Jour nal building over wires for this sole pur pose, busy throughout the entire day. A complete copy of the night report is aliio received. The Cleveland boom appears to be taking its summer vacation. . The New York World thinks that the adage, "The good die young," is appli cable to the Iowa idea. The nomination of Tom Johnson for president by the Iemocrats would go tar toward making the "devil wagon"' an issue in ioliti:s. Great things have happened in the early July days. There was the battle of Gettysburg, the battle of Santiago and the Declaration of Independence. Now it Is proposed to take the ap pointment of rural delivery carriers away from the congressmen. It looks as though the time might come when the only graft the congressman will have will be the river and harbor bill. It is reported that Colonel Bryan pre fers Judge Clark, of North Carolina, as a presidential candidate, but it is noted that Tom Johnson was orator of the day at the Bryan housewarming anl Independence Day celebration com bined. After repoated and long continued de nials of the rumor that Schwab's health was such that he was unfit to transact business, at last a man has been appointed to do his work for him. When you see it in the newspapers, generally it is so. Now it is said that a railroad is about to expend $15,(100.000 on terminal facilities in New Orleans. This outlay, coupled with that of $18,000,000 for a drainage system, ought to make busi ness fairly lively in the Crescent City during the next few years. -. t i There was during the last fiscal year an increase of $125,552,786 in the mon"y circulation of the country, bringing the total up to $2,375,943,a37. Of the in crease nearly $73,000,000 was in gold certificates. The amount of gold in the treasury, including the greenback te demptlon fund and that held against certificates, has reached the unprece dented amount of $6;il,6.'!9,S98, an in crease of $71,439,593 over last year. The treasury notes issued for the purchase of silver have been diminished by some thing over $10,000,000, being now less than $20,000,000. There was an increase of almost ?5fi,00O,000 in the bank note circulation, raising the volume to $413, 67.650 on the last day of June. This is practically an addition to the steady volume of currency. TAXES STILL EXCESSIVE. When the last of the so-called "war taxes" were repealed it was estimated that there would be a reduction in the revenues for the fiscal year Just clos-d cf not less than $70,000,000. The actual reduction was only $3,500,707, for though there was a decrease of $41,764,866 in the receipts from internal taxes, there vas an increase of $29,447,010 from customs duties and $3, 727, 148 from miscellaneous sources. Notwithstanding an increase of $34,!i,S5,732 in expenditures, there was still a surplus for the year of $52,740,936. The Increase in miscellaneous receipts was mainly due to unexpectedly large Bales oi public lands, and the Increase of over $'.(,300,000 in receipts from the whisky tax materially affected the an ticipated reduction in internal revenue. ine increase in customs receipts was much larger than was estimated. The total revenues amounted to $358,837,526, while the expenditures were $506,176,590. Of the increase in the latter, $14,S93,674 was on account of the navy, $11,546,983 was due to civil and miscellaneous ao porpriations and $6,227,468 was for milli taiy, or war department, expenses, in cluding river and harbor improvements. The foregoing summary of the gov ernment's financial operations for the fiscal year ending June 30 last, is taken from the New York Journal of Com merce which comments thereon as fol lows: "The annual surplus of neuily $53,000,000 shows that there is still room for a reduction of taxes, and it is time pome of them were taken off from im ported goods. If they should be taken off in the right place, the effect would not be so much to reduce their cost as to reduce the cost to consumers of a much larger amount of domestic goods without hurting producers. The surplus of the fiscal year Is no measure of the actual surplus of the treasury, which has accumulated to more than $231,500, 000. This is nearly $20,000,000 more than it was a year ago, and by that much Increases the influence the public treas ury may exercise over the money mar ket. Of the public money nearly $152. 000,000 is now deposited in national banks, which is about $28,000,000 more than at the end of June last year." DANGER FOB THE TRUSTS. From the Boston Traveler. It may be that the beginning of the end of the trust boom has been reached. There are certainly signs that point in that direction. In New Tork, for ex ample, there seems to have arisen a general feeling of trepidation in finan cial circles with regard to the big or ganization of capital and the banks flatly refuse to have anything to do with floating trust mergers. The failure of the great shipbuilding trust has un doubtedly had much to do with, the arousing of distrust. When such a gigantic organization as this must have a receiver, what confidence can there be in similar organizations? Whatever the cause, the fact remains that the business of trust exploitation has declined materially. New Jersey, the patron saint of the trusts, realizes the falling off to her- sorrow. In 1902 the monthly average of the capitaliza tion of the trusts organized was $260, 000,000. Now it is less than $100,000,000, and constantly decreasing. In June, in deed, the charters issued in New Jersey represented a total of only $25,000,000. The bottom appears to be falling out of the commercial inflation. Kverywhere there is talk of receiver ships for trusts. The biggest toads In the trust puddle, such as the oil, sugar and steel trusts, may be depended upon to keep their grip, so far as internal conditions are concerned, but the smaller fry appear to be on rather In secure footing. The fact Is that the capitalists are beginning to feel the ef fects of the "undigested securities," which J. Pierpont Morgan christened. The attacks upon the trusts from vari ous sources are undoubtedly having their effect, too, in shaking the confi dence of Investors. The predicted ia happening. That Is all. Far seeing financiers long ago asserted that the mania for over capitalization must have its reaction. It would seem that it has begun. The trusts or some of them are likely to be destroyed by their own cupidity. JAYHAWKEE JOTS. Axtell, with a population of 627, sup ports 239 dogs and one span of mules. A Ness county statesman has achiev ed some notoriety by declining a pass. The Santa Fe depot at Valley Center has been robbed for the third time this year. Miss Hook of Sabetha has "caught on to a job as violin instructor in an Atlanta conservatory. The Olathe Tribune feels called upon to publish a series of articles explaining "Why we are a Democrat." There seems to be something In a name after all. Eden church, Miama county, contributed $S0 to the flood suf ferers. Paola's "lady palmist" took a vacation July 4th. Most all will agree that such a day was a poor one to examine the average hand. The new "rig" of Mr. Moses collided with another on the streets of Great Bend. In this case Moses, and not the lights, went out. Bazine celebrated with a horse race the day of the Fourth and a foot race at night. Out of courtesy the latter scramble was styled a dance. A Wellington young man took mor phine under the impression that it would suppress his domestic troubles. But the dose was too small. Misfortune seems always willing to meet a man half-way. While pumping up his bicycle the tire burst and dis placed a Wellington citizen's eye. Mr. Stebbins of Riley county was uni ted in marriage lat week to Miss Poor man and a local paper headed the an nouncement thusly: "Stebbins, Poor man." Gradually ways and means are being devised to spend the state bank surplus. The latest move is to pay the Reforma tory boys three cents per day during good behavior. Work on the Lynn county jail is at a standstill owing to the sand being washed away. The floods took "the sand" out of many a Kansas neighbor hood besides Lyon county this spring. POINTED PARAGRAPHS. From the Chicago News. Worry is a bad bedfellow. Kick it out. Man Is of few days and full of con densed cussedness. Always view a scene with a mule In it from the foreground. When told to take a back seat the av erage man will take affront. A man's true friends keep quiet when some one is enumerating his -virtues. Don't forget there is always a wrong side to a question as well as your side. Lay fisures form a very important item in the stock equipment of a poultry farm. Any meek and lowly man can get his wife's undivided attention by talking in his sleep. There is likely to be a bitter taste in a man's mouth after he has been forced to eat his own words. The trouble with trouble is that most people can't distinguish between the genuine article and the counterfeit. If a man is unable to boast of what his ancestors accomplished it is up to him to do something on his own ac count. QUAKER REFLECTIONS. Fiom the Philadelphia Record. When in low spirits some fellows take to high-halls. The expert accountant generally speaks figuratively. Even the blind beggar may have an eye for business. An actor isn't much good unless he can take his own part. Few of us manage to keep pace with our good Intentions. The shirt waist nan is an advocate of woman's rights for men. There is a world of difference between a person and a personage. Even the people wlo build air cas tles have thair ups anc' downs. An honest man is the noblest work cf God if he has been put to the test. Success only knocks once at the door, but adversity will pound all day. The man who has too little confidence in himself generally has too much in others. "Health brings wealth." but this ia another of those rules that won't work both ways. It's the bargain counter that keeps Catarrh Is a constitutional disease. It originates in a scrofulous condition of the blood and depends on that condition. It often causes headache and dizziness impairs the taste, smell and hearing, af fects.the.vocal organs, disturbs the stomach It is always radically and permanent!' cured by the blood-purifying, alteral.-'. and tonic action of Hood's Sarsaparillc This great medicine has wrought the mos wonderful cures of all diseases depending on scrofula or the scrofulous habit. Hooit a Fills axe the ben cithartM. many a married man's nose down to the grindstone, Blobbs "The cable to Alaska ought to make It easier for the gold hunters to get money." Slobbs "I fail to see how." Blobbs "They can send home for it now." REPLIES TO CLEMENS. A "Home Defender" Discusses His Recent Letter. To the Kditor of the State Journal. In answer to the article in the Even ing State Journal on the 2d inst. I would like to say: "He laughs best who laughs last," as Mr. Clemens will find, for of a surety, the end is not yet of this ne farious liquor traffic. Verily, the fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom, and Mr. Clemens with all his grey hairs and wide experience has not reached this point. The word Law means the same as Lord, and Just imagine a man attempt ing to steal animals in a wide open pas ture by the light of the moon, with the intelligence of Almighty God within him, (though perverted by him to un lawful uses). A warning comes to him telling him that the way of the transgressor is hard. Not because the law is hard nor the giver of it is unjust but by going against the law he is getting into trouble. He is told by brick walls, grated windows and locked doors, awaiting those who transgress human laws. Bah! says the thief, I see no connection between a wide open pasture in this free country, and brick walls such as you speak of. I have a right to these cattle if I can get them and I know nothing of your boasted laws. Tou will find, says his friend, that even human laws are swift and apparently Just. Divine law has been established ever since the universe was evolved, yes ever since time was. The law is perfect and needs no chang ing, though material manifestations are ever changing, and all that we ask of our brothers and sisters and friends in this world is, that the ever shifting changes may be for the better instead of the worse. Verily we are our own architects, and by knowing this ever old and ever new Divine law we can achieve wonders of beauty and harmony, instead of this abominable discord which has caused Miss Roles to Bret her oencil and write a petition to the governor and get some of the other Home Defenders to accompany her on her mission of mercy. The governor did not tell ner that there is nothing wrong In Kan sas; that the men in office were abun dantly able to see that the human laws at least should be eniorcea; ior her and the other ladies to go home and keep house; that the men of this coun try were capable and willing to enforce all the laws which they have made; that they keep their own laws, and ex. Dect women and children to learn to respeot and keep them also. No, he told her, practically, that if ever tms discord becomes so great that it is ab solutely necessary to call out the militia, then, and only then, can ne do so. Now If this Is all that human laws can do, let us see to it, Mr. Clemens, that the Divine law enters more and more into1 our consciousness each day; for surely even you will admit that perilous times are upon us, either be. cause of our own ignorance or because of the necessary adjusting of necessary things. Out of all this is to come the first fruits of the Spirit, and let us each strive to be one of the 144,000 who are to be the first fruits. Or if we fail in this we will be more nearly ready to become a part of the second gather ing of ripened sheaves, and occupy an honorable place in the new earth that Is to be, and eventually in the ne' heaven. Wishing you well, I am, MRS. J. W. S.. a Home Defender. The Bloody Virginian. In Ihe dispatches from Wilmington concerning the negro burning near that city it was stated that the mob was led by "a Virginian, whose name and identification could not be learned amid the confusion!" Many persons won dered how the alert press reporter could be so cock-sure that the Napoleon o! the lynchers was "a Virginian," when nobody could call his name or identify his personality. But it did not suffice to say that a Virginian was needed ,to show the neophitic Delawareans how to kerosene and incinerate a colored man. It was further sent out to thft world that "he had been specially im ported for the purpose!" Evidently the Wilmingtonites used the week between the crime and the lynching with due deliberation, sending even to Virginia for an expert "Coal Oil Johnny" and then following him to the number of between 4,000 and 5,00( people, eager for their bloody and fiery work. Now "a Virginian" that imported Virginian has been caught and jailed. His name is Arthur Colwell and his home is Hartford City, Ind., where he is a prominent member of the Frater nal Order of Eagles! He is no more o! a Virginian than a crab is a Christian! He is an Indiana Eagle and not a Vir ginia vampire! Atlanta Constitution. What Is a Democracy? The presence of the king is not the es sential feature of a monarchy. It is the absence of the people. Where the peo ple are not consulted, it is not vital to the government that they be wise, nor even that wise men should be among them. In fact, they are more easily handled without this kind of obstruc tion. Therefore the tendency of the monarchy is to separate the men from the mass, as we might choose the sheep from among the goats. But in a democ racy, those who are ruled must also rule. They have no less need of indi vidual wisdom, but they must have it diffused among themselves, not concen trated in a class above. Nothing can be done for a democracy save what the people do for themselves. It is impWk ble to provide for it an educated oli garchy. Its public servants are of its own kind, its agents or its attorneys, in no sense its rulers, not often even its leaders. For the most part, therefore, the wisest men in the democracy will not be in office. The voice of wisdom should rise from the body of the people to the throne of power. When a de mocracy needsm a leader in the seat of authority it is because it has in one fashion or other gone out of its way. Going out of its wav. It has come to a crisis. The cause of every crisis, in a mocracy needs a leader in the seat of another. A crisis arises with a question of right and wrong. Such a question never becomes a burning one unless the popular feeling has somewhere gone wrong and worked itself out in wrong action. ine Atlantic. A Prince as an Orator. Presiding at the Hotel Cecil over the twenty-ninth festival dinner of the Royal Medical Benevolent college, Ep som the largest gathering ever asseni bled in England in aid of a medical charity the Prince of Wales made an earnest appeal for a record subscrip tion. He could not Imagine many charities more deserving of support than those whose object it was to help members of the medical profession or their fam ilies, who, through misfortune, were brought to reduced circumstances. The doctor was their confidential friend from the cradle to the grave. He (the prince) spoke feelingly as one who had bterj brought through a serious 111 ness. The popular Idea that medical men were rich was erroneous. The . rich ones could be counted on one's fingers. The medical profession had earned the gratitude of the nation, and nine tenths of the medical advice at the hos pitals was given gratuitously. As president of the college, Lord Rosebery challenged any orator, how ever practised, to vie with the pathetic, eloquent, and true terms in which his royal highness had spoken. London Express. STRIKE IN WEST AFHICA. The Kroos Demand Higher Wages for Their Work on Coast Vessels. The Kroos are a fine, muscular, indus trious lot of fellows who are indispensa ble in the foreign trade with West Af rica. They make excellent sailors and are unsurpassed in the art of transport ing freight through the surf between the ship and the shore. Some of them occsaionally come to our port on vessels plying in the Liberian trade. Stanley engaged a lot of them to go to the Congo and help him start his stations along the river. Everybody wishes them well, because they supply the best kind of African labor. They live along the coast of Liberia. The New Africa, an interesting Jour nal published in Monrovia, brings the news, however, that th& Kroos have a grievance and have gone on strike. They think that their wages are not adequate for the hard work they do. and many other persons will agree with them. How would our 'longshoremen like to work for a pittance of 24 cents a day? This is the exact sum these stout, will ing black men receive, and it is all the steamships are willing to pay. The men demanded 36 cents a day, and as their demand was not conceded they went on a strike early this year. Such a thing is almost unheard of in tropical Africa, where trades unions and the walking delegate have not yet made their advent. The result is that the trading steam ers to Europe are having a hard time to get their freight handled. The e'ditor of the New Africa, going along the coaBt on the Marie Woermann, found the Kroos at nearly every little port determined to compel their employers to recognize their demands. The vessel stopped at a place wnere it was usually easy to secure a large number of hands, but this time only a few men were obtained, and these had evidently not heard that a strike had been declared. At last accounts me strike was still In progress. Some of the prominent citizens or Mnnrnvla sav that the demands of these laborers are not unreasonable. Their work on the ships is of the heaviest kind. .... For years they have druagea an aay long, andMiave been required, wnen there was a rusn ot worK, to iamr ir into the night, and all for a pittance of ?4 cents a dav! These sympathizers say that the service of the Krooman is almost IndlspensaDie, ana ms rwiursi for a few additional cents a day is mod est, and it would be simple justice to accept his terms and end the strike. New York Sun. Mrs. Greiner's Son-in-Law. i,mi v,ll- wan In t Vte cnlintrV" x lie huiiiciicdv ' was arrested in Chicago today, charged with eloping wun one ui ic girls in Denver. He admits his lack of physical beauty, but says that he is . . . . . n1,aorFiil ann kind by nature. ....n-. capable of strong affection for the girl he loves. .... t am hnmelv enough to be distin guished looking," he says. His name is Aioen inancs i.mv... son twenty-seven years old. The girl he eloped with is Martha May Greiner. eighteen vears oia. one bmji-. j..- . i not even nice-looking, but looks are no indication of character, i care m..ie him than I could for a handsome man. Good-looking men are always con ceited." ....... - Mrs. Grelner oojecten iu J-'i""""" - . i m 4-,1 tno rnlice hp ana in a. ifieniam ...... - - was the "homeliest man in the coun- rvi- , i, thorn before r or neavrii ......... - they marry." she telegraphed. It was easy for the police, as Dickinson s face is something awful in the way of fea turesPhiladelphia Press. DEATHS AND FUNERALS. - -r- Tir TI a v-t-i c whrt c ifi in D?n- died at his home on Tyler Ftreet on . j huo rilof from i.! English Lutheran church, corner Fifth and .Harrison su eew, wu j. . . ... o'clock, a. m- ii w wainwi who died In Den- K..-i. Kiindav. the funeral being held from the First Christian ,i v, r Tnneta Many beautiful floral designs decorated the church and casket. Mrs. Haynes, who was Miss Minnie Williams, came to Topeka 20 years ago with her parents from ken. tUCky. for several a compositor on Topeka papers, and lb years ago was married to Mr. Haynes. a binder, who is now foreman in Crane & Co.'s bindery. Mrs. Haynes leaves one daughter .aged 8 years, her hus band, three brothers ana a kiblci. LOCAL MENTION. t-w r ..ri,..i l ,1 tf epverv Kas.. one of the leading doctors of Greenwood coun ty, is in the city visiting his son. Dr. Forest McDonald, for a few days. Harry Steinberg will give a social o.,,... ii i-vpnlnff The hall will be closed after this evening during tre summer months. a , t riar Tvna cT-nnted todav to the Arkansas Valley Beet Sugar, Land and Irrigation company, ine OTiupany jj'" poses to dig wells and dam creeks in Finney and Kearny counties and obtain ..--i t,..." t ho hkoH in i rr i ir:i T i r lands fr the production of sugar beets. The di rectors are G. W. BwinK. u. t. jvieneKe. W. B. George. E. L. Wirt and J. A. Schneider. Names Grain Inspectors. Governor Ballev today appointed the following grain inspection commission ers, whose duty it will be to grade the grain as it comes upon the market: H. JParicer or Mci'nerson.. S. E. Cole Harper. F. M. Baker of Atchison. This grain inspection commission was instituted by act of the legislature last winter. Young Vanderbilt'a Eye Hurt. Paris, July 6. The condition of W. K. Vanderbilt, jr., who was injured by an explosion of an automobile lamp Fri day evening while out riding in Paris, is said not to be serious, but one of his eyes Is damaged and he is kept In a dark room at the Hotel Ritz. The "Queen of American Watering Places" (The poetic name given to Atlantic City) and other Atlantic sea coast re sorts, are reached from the west via the Lehigh Valley railroad. Send 2 cent stamp to General Passenger Depart ment, Lehigh Valley railroad. New Tork, for Atlantic City booklet. Via Chicago Great Western Hailway $15 Kansas City to St. Paul and Min neapolis and return. $19 to Duluth. Su perior and Ashland. $13 to Madison Lake, Waterville, Faribault and other Minne sota resorts. Tickets on sale daily to September 30th. Good to return October 31st. For further information apply to any Great Western agent, or J. P. El mer, G. P. A, Chicago, III STEWARTCASE UP Millionaire Wheat Kaiser Ap peals to Supreme Court. Bank Stockholder Made Charge of Fraud. HE WON HIS SUIT. Got a Judgment Against the Wheat King. An Interesting Case Comes from Kansas City. ' John T. Stewart, the millionaire wheat raiser of Sumner county, appealed to the supreme court today from a deci sion of the district court in Sumner county by which he was declared to have been guilty of fraud and misrep resentation. The jury in' the lowe court gave A. B. Harris a verdict of $2,811.08 against Stewart, which was every cent that Harris sued for, with 8 per cent, interest added. Stewart, it seems, is president of th Wellington National bank. Harris was a stockholder. Harris owned twelv shares, for which he paid $180 a shar. Harris complained to Stewart because there were no dividends paid on the stock. That was where the alleged con sniracy commenced. It is claimed by the plaintiff, Harris, that Stewart told him the bank was in bad condition; that it had been obliged to "charge off" $65,000 worth of worth less paper, and that all the earnings were being used to replace this a&set and maintain the value of the stock. Mr. Stewart showed the bank state ments to Harris, which presented a very discouraging view of the situation. Shortly after, T. F. Randolph, acting for Stewart, came to Harris and offered to buy his twelve shares of stock, and a trade was made, Harris selling his twelve shares for $2,000, which was less then he paid for them. Not long after Harris discovered, he says, that he had been made the vic time of a conspiracy. He says that k deliberate attempt had been made by Stewart to depreciate the value of the stock so that he might buy a control ing interest in the bank. He says that the bank books had been falsified, and the earnings had been charged to profit and loss, and to a fund known as the "cashier's fund," or fixed up so that the assets would show far below their true amount. The real estate owned by the bank, it is claimed, had been appraised at less than its real value. The $6i,000 worthless paper had been charged off away back in 1896, and had all been cleared up before Stewart bought his stock so that he might buy a controll what he paid for it Harris alleged that the stock was really worth $350 a share, and he got a judgment for $2,694. 0s more than the original $2,000 which had been jaaid him. One of the interesting features of the case is that Attorney Williams, who represents Harris, was for 20 years the attorney for Stewart. Some years ago, Williams and Stewart had a big row, and Stewart dismissed Williams from his employ. Williams was "laying" for Stewart, and he went into the case against him for blood. He knew how to go after the bank president, and seems to have won his case. ANOTHER PECULIAR CASE. It is not often that the supreme court calls upon a litigant to prove that said litigant is an illegitimate child. That is the situation in the case of the Bethany Hospital company of Kansas City against Emma Swartz Hale. The case came up before the supreme court once before, and the supreme court reversed it because the evidence was not clear as to whether Emma Swartz Hale was the illegitimate child as she claimed to be. William Swartz, a bachelor aged 60 years, died in Bethany hospital, Kansas City, in February, 1900. He left nearly all his property to the hospital, disin heriting Emma Swartz Hale, whom he had always acknowledged to be his il legitimate daughter. He left $1,200 to Emma Swartz Hale's son. Mrs. Hale then went into court for the purpose of breaking the will on the ground that William Swartz was insane when he made it. In this she succeeded, but the supreme court held that no evidence had been introduced at the trial to prove that Mrs. Emma Swartz Hale was really the illegitimate daughter of Wil liam Swartz. At the rehearing of the case, D. S. Danielson testified that when he mar ried the mother of Mrs. Emma Swartz Hale, the woman had a child two months old, and this child she told him was the child of William Swartz. Other evidence was introduced which proved that Emma was born June 27, 1S7, and Danielson and the mother were married in September, 1877. The jury again held that William, Swartz was not in his right mind when he made the will, and if the supreme court sustains thi contention, the will will be broken, and Emma Swartz Hale will inherit all of her father's estate. GOT A LARGE VERDICT. The case of Otta Sonderegger against Chas. Andreae was filed today as an ap peal from Stafford county. Sonderegger claims that Andreae hit him with a piece of iron pipe, causing him to nearly go blind. Andreae asserts that the as sault was in self-defense. The fight took place at the little town of Hudson, Saf ford county. The Jury found for the plaintiff in the lower court, and fixed the damage at $2,072.80. A cattle case comes up to the supreme court from Wyandotte county. J. W. Newland and D. R. Newland loaned money on cattle, which were down at Fall River, Kan. The cattle were ship ped out and sold to Greer, Mills & Co. of Kansas City, before the mortgage was satisfied. The Newlands thej came down on the Greer firm with a claim for $1,900, and secured a verdict in the Wy andotte court for $800. Greer. Mills & Co. have appealed the case to the su preme court. Quarrel About Street. A disagreement among the property owners on Fillmore street as to whether their new pavement shall be placed ex actly in the center of the street or whether it shall be set a little to one side in order to accommodate itself to the parkings and the curbing of the intersection at Thirteenth street, is likely to be taken into the council meet ing tonight. The pavement is to be 75 feet wide. The parkings on the west side of the street are unusually wide and very pretty. The people owning them don't want them cut up. They were granted a strip in front of their parking several years ago by the city, and in order that the pavement may be put in the exact center of the street they will have to give some of this bacli. New train via Missouri Pacific leave Topeka 9:45 a. m.. arrive Ottawa 2:30 p. m., returning leave Ottawa 1:32 p. m., arrive Topeka 3:50 p. m. ; fare $2.09 for round trip. Ticketa on sale July 4th to SUk MESSAGE FROM ROOSEVELT That and Many from Other Quarters Four Into the Vatican. Rome, July 6. The newspapers here con tain many conflicting statements about the pope and his condition. The Tribune says: "He spends his time partly in bed and partly in an arm chair. Expectorating is the first eign thus far of any organic re action and it is said to be a good symp tom, but the pope's weakness is increas ing." All those who have seen the pope are struck with his indomitable energy. He is reported as still addressing those about him in imperious tones. "No doubt." the pontiff Is reported to have said. "I am near my end, but I want to die in harness." Over 500 telegrams expressing sympathy with the pope or asking for news of his condition arrived at the Vatican today, in cluding a message from President Roose velt. King Edward and Emperor Francis Joseph. JJowager yueen Margaret is reporiea u have asked for news about the pontiff. The most important telegrams of inquiry are communicated to the pope. After receiving the sacrament yesterday the pope said: "I am now near my end. I do not know if all I have done has been good, but I certainly obeyed my con science and our faith." The pontiff yesterday ordered that a piano be given to his grand nephews, also giving directions that they should be told that the pope thought of them In his last moments. The Giornale D'ltalia say: "The Im provement in the pope's oonditlon does not give hope of recovery . He may live throughout fhe day. but it is greatly fear ed that a change for the worse will su pervene this evening. "The feeling at the Vatican, however, is more hopeful this afternoon. Cardinal Di Santo Stefano, the dean of the sacred col lege, who has established himself in rooms In the Vatican above the pope's apart ments, had a long conference with his sec retaries today and gave orders that vari ous documents connected with the election of a new pope be conveyed to the Vatican." NOT WITHIN THE LAW. Gorernment Makes Ad Terse Re port on Dewey. Washington, July 6. The report of the special agent Bent to investigate the conditions which have surrounded the fencing of lands which resulted in the recent tragedy, involving the Dewey cattle company in Kansas, has been sent to the department of justice for whatever action the law officers of the government believe should be taken. Although access has been refused to this report, it is understood that it Is directly against the Dewey cattle com pany, and urges that action should be taken to prevent further violation of law and the continued existence of un lawful fences, which promise to result in further tragedies in the inevitable clashes between the cattlemen and homesteaders. It is understood that the agent found that the cattle company did not have a semblance of title to the land, and that in carrying out its fencing schemes it completely inclosed a number of home stead tracts of land. No action will be taken by the government until the present intense ill feeling subsides some what, and until the result of the crim inal cases becomes known. Then the government will take a hand, no matter what the outcome may be. It will Insist that if there are illegal fences in exist ence at the time they must come down. The rights of the homesteaders will be carefully established and they will be strictly enforced if the whole power of the federal government has to be In volved to do it. RILLED BY TRAIN. Herman Strongreen Loses Xife Near Osage City. At 6 o'clock Sunday morning as east bound Santa Fe train No. 18 was pass ing a point about half way between Osage City and Peterton. the engineer discovered the dead bodr of Herman Strongreen of Osage City lying along side of the track. Just how the man met his death is not known but it is thought that he was either struck by or fell off of one of the rreignt trams wmcn passed the point during the night. At the time the body was found it was cold and stiff and .it is stated that Stron green must have met his death several hours before his body was discovered. The body was taken back to Osage City where it was taken to the undertaking rooms. The coroner was noticed imme diately. . . . The authorities must have had some trouble in identifying the dead man. The first report received at the Santa Fe gen eral ofiees stated that he waa from To peka and later in the day report was re ceived stating that he had been identified . . . . . . . f I , i ,rr If as Herman ouutisiTrn . , V a is stated mat oirungru ani-miu n dance in Kurlingame Saturday night and at Tne iimt- tm m. woi.. his home about three miles north of Osuse Citv. wnere ne resiuru wim Until recently Strongreen had been work ing in Kansas City. He was spending the Fourth at the home of his parents. His mother and father have been notified of his death The remains will no doubt be in terred in the cemetery at Osage City. DRIVEN OUT OF FIELDS. Negro Har?est Hands Appeal to Bailey. Governor Bailey today received the fol lowing telegram from Belpre, Eawards county: "There is a riot starting here by a clique for the purpose of compelling colored workmen to leave the harvest field. See at once that thts is stopped to avoid blood shed. Answer. "FRED WINDHORST. "DON BOOS. "GUS HI PP. "FRED HKCKEL." The governor wired in reply advising the men to call upon the sheriff of Edwards county for protection and to first depend upon local authorities for protection before calling upon him for state aid. Only Twelve Warships There. London, July 6. Replying to a ques tion in the house of commons this after noon on the number of British, Ameri can and Japanese warships in the gulf of Pe Chi Li and the object of the gath ering of the Russian and other floats there. Admiralty Secretary Arnold-For-ster said there were 12 British ships in those waters, but the admiralty was not aware that any special gathering of warships had occurred or that there was any special object aimed at by the pow ers responsible for the movements of the vessels In Chinese waters. Transport Sumner Beached. Manila, July 6. The U. S. transport Sumner, having on board the Fourth infantry, struck an unchartered reef and her forward hold filled rapidly, ne cessitating the vessel being beached. The Sumner was beached In seven feet of water near Mauban, Island of Luzon. Several of her forward plates were broken. Two interisland transports were dispatched to continue the distri bution of the Fourth infantry to var ious stations In the Luzon and to bring the Twenty-sixth infantry to Manila, where that regiment will embark on the transport Logan and sail for San Francisco. 15,000 PRESENT. Opening of the National Educa tional Association Convention. Boston, July 6. When the first of the sessions to be held in this city this week by the National Educational as sociation opened today more than 15.000 teachers had registered' for the forty second convention of the association. Advices received Indicated that the to tal number ultimately would reach 25. 000. The opening session today was that of the national council, which is described as being the "senate" of the teachers' association, of which William R. Har per of Chicago, is president. A session of the department of Indian education also was held. i W. A Jones, commissioner of Indian affairs, and John D. Benedict, superin tendent of schools, Muskogee, were among the speakers. MOTHER OF PEARL. Cf What It Ia Hade and Some of Its Many Uses. Perhaps it is called "mother of pearl" because In its tightly-locked bosom lies the Jewel snow drop that graces the delicate- throat of a queen. It is a- plain sea shell The outside is rough-rlbbej gray the color of a November twilight; the interior a marvelous prism that has stored the hues of the rainbow. The manufacture of mother of rxarl is an industry of no little magnitude in New York and hereabouts. This cHy and Newark are its centers. Thousands of persons make a livelihood converting the shells into numerous useful an! pretty articles of commerce. If we wert asked what is mother of pearl used for the reply would probably be buttons. Thousands and thousands of buttons, of all sizes, are manufactured in New York annually, and the process is ex ceedingly interesting. But buttons are not all. Knife handles, umbrella han dles, revolver handles, pen holders, jew elry and a score of additional pretty and useful articles are made from mother of pearl. The finest shells come from the Aus tralian archipelago. They are white and extremely pretty. A dark-tinted shell U found oft the coast of Japan; these ar from the world's great pearl fisheries California produces some and the in terior rivers of the United States hav their pearl producing shells. The pearl divers bring the shells to the surface where a first search for pearls is made) The shells are then shipped to Lcndon, the world s great clearing house fon mother of pearl, where they are again submitted to careful scrutiny for Jewels.1 The American manufacturer gets hisl supply largely from London. In the fac tory, as the shells are cut, another search for pearls is made and not in frequently it is rewarded. Not all the pearls are tbund loosely stowed In ths closed apartment where the soft mollufclc reposes. Sometimes they are secreted In the hard casing of a shell and are only brought to view by the cutting saw. In a Canal street factory the oth er day a workman sliced a $500 pearl into two beautiful sections and rendered it worthless before he realized what the saw was doinsr. The manufacture of mother of pearl has steadily increased in the twenty- five years since it was begun in this country. The genius of the Inventor has found no substitute for the product , of nature and the shells are not so nu merous aa they were. They cost the manufacturer an average of 75 cents a pound. The finished product, therefore, is expensive and is likely to be more so, as the demand Is continually growing for mother of pearl articles. The shells are about eight Inches wide and weigh less than a halt pound. They are shipped from London in 300 pound boxes. Workmen of skill in the mother of pearl factories are mostly foreign born, though American boys are being trained In the crmft. The men are Eng lish, French and Bohemians, who learn ed their trade abroad. In the factory the shell first goes to a skillful oper ator, who saws off the rough edges, or the "bark." It is then cut into strips if it is a thick one. and certain part are selected for the heavier articles. Ths thin, fiat shells go to the button ma chine, where the discs are bored from it very rapidly. These round segments are engraved on another machine; on another holes are bored or the brass eye for the thread Is pressed in, then a boy polishes the outer surface of each one by a momentary touch on a car borundum wheel, making 2,400 revolu tions a minute. Arising from the same and cutting and polish machines Is a fine white dust, that settles over the interior like flour in a mill, but the workmen are apparently robust and make no complaint of evil effects of breathing it. While there is consider able waste material in each shell no portion of the white mother of pearl is permitted to go to waste. Very small buttons, rosary beads, etc., are made from the rejected fragments. The larger and better parts of the shell are carefull selected for ornamentation of the articles heretofore mentioned. A very pretty watch fob for men is made of a piece of delicately tinted mother of pearl artistically arranged in a filigren rld setting. From the Mississippi river along the borders of Iowa the greatest quantity of fresh water -shells Is obtained, and it has become a profitable business. Use less portions are sawed oft there, and the entire product is shipped to eastern manufacturers. New York Commercial. MR. DA VIES LEAVES. Chief Telegraph Line Repairer oi Banta Fe Resigns. It was announced today that Dt F. Davies, chief telegraph line repairer for the Santa Fe system with headquarters in this city, has resigned and that H. W. Gardner has been appointed as his successor. The change Is effective July 15. Mr. Davies, the outgoing chief line re pairer, has engaged in the lumber busi ness in Centralia, Wash., and will leave for that city as soon as his resignation becomes effective. t Jewish Coat of Arms. Some curious facts about Jewish heraldry are given in the new voluire of the Jewlslt Encvdopaedia. As Jews nave no recog nized position in the feudal system they did not of course use arms. As a matter of fact the first accorded Jewish coats of arms was granted by the Emperor of Germany In 1(22. Few peoyle know that the tripie-turreted castle of Castile adopt ed by Lord Beaconsfleld was borrowed from the seal of the family Halevi of To ledo Some Jews, among them the Sas soons and the Montefiores. use Hebraic mottoes. London Tatler. Pell Into the Water. Richmond. Ind., July .6 A message from Fountain City says 'hat the bridge over Nolan's Fork gav way to day precipitating fifty people into the water. Luther Horn of Bethel was the only one fatally hurt. Others escaped with, slight injuries. Much Gold Aboard. Sydney, N. 8. W., July 6. The steam er Ventura, which sailed from th port today for San Francisco, has on board $1,500,000 in sold. -