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The Topeka state journal. [volume] (Topeka, Kansas) 1892-1980, February 16, 1904, LAST EDITION, Image 1

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His Long Struggle With Death
lias Ended.
Senator Expired at 6:40 Mon
day Evening.
Passed Away Apparently With-out-Any
Fatal Illness Dated Hack Nearly
Two Months.
Washington, Feb. 16. Senator Mar
cus Alonzo Hanna died at 6:40 o'clock
last evening at the family apartments
In the Arlington hotel, after an illness
extending over nearly two months, fill
ed with apparent recoveries, followed
by relapses and finally drifting into
typhoid fever, which, in his weakened
I- "
t t
f If,
Marcus A. Hanna, United States Senator from Ohio, Who Died from
Typhoid Fever Last Evening.
condition, he was unable to withstand.
When the end came all the members
of the senator's family were in the
room except Mrs. Hanna, the senator's
wife, and Mr. and Mrs. Dan Hanna.
Mrs. Hanna had left the room only a
few minutes before.
The last sinking spell began at ex
actly 6:30 o'clock. Drs. Carter and Os
ier were then in attendance. They did
not conceal the fact that life was about
to end, and all members of the family
were sent for. Mrs. McCormick, one of
the senator's daughters, and Miss
Phelps were present when the end
came. Mr. and Mrs. Dan Hanna were
the first to arrive and they withdrew
immediately to the chamber of the sen
ator's wife, to summon her to the bed
side. It was while they were absent
the senator breathed his last.
There were no distressing incidents
attending the last moments. It was a
sinking spell which terminated in ten
Just after his eyes closed in death,
Mrs. Hanna was able to come into the
room. She bore up well under the or
deal and last night she was showing
calmness and bravery.
The courage which has been display
ed by Mrs. Hanna was the subject of
the greatest surprise. She has been in
almost constant attendance on her hus
band, though realizing fully there was
no hope for recovery. Nevertheless the
remonstrances, of the physicians and
the added implorings of her children
that she take some rest was unavailing
until late in the afternoon, when she
was attacked by H violent headache.
She was given a narcotic and then she
retired to her chamber, but requested
that a call be sent as soon as ther ao
peared any change for the wose"
For the last two days Senator Hanna
had not been conscious except at inter
vals and then only to obey mechanical
ly some instructions given him by the
physicians. Fourteen hours before the
end was announced life had practical
1y suspended, the flickering spark be
ing kept aglow by the most powerful
scientific agencies.
Word of the senator's death, went
over the hotel like a flash. The lobby
was crowded and a score of friends
were waiting in Mr. Dover's room. No
attempts were made to restrain grief
Senators Fairbanks, Scott and Kit
tridge broke down. General Dick wept
his sorrow at the loss of a friend who
had been a brother. So it was that
conversations were a curious admix
ture of whispers and choked sobs.
Spontaneously outbursts of unstint
ed tribute were heard on every side.
Men who are acknowledged leaders of
political parties, kings of finance and
commerce and men selected to serve in
the highest positions in the nation, were
among: those who expressed the coun
try's immeasurable loss.
Funeral services will be held in the
senate chamber Wednesday noon, at
which the president, cabinet, congress,
public officials and friends will be
present. For a brief period in the fore
noon the body will lie in state in the
marble room.
After the services, special trains over
the Pennsylvania railroad will carry
the body, the family and friends to
Cleveland, where services will be held
either at the home of the senator or of
bis son, Dan Hanna, on Friday after
noon. It is likely that Bishop Leonard, of
the Northern diocese of Ohio, of the
Episcopal church, and formerly rector
of St. John's church, in this city, will
conduct the services.
Senators and representatives visited the
hotel throughout the evening and many of
the dead m:m's friends were tdmitted to
the death chamber.
The last intelligible words spoken by
Senator Hanna were pathetic in his at
tempt to maintain to the last tne humor
which was characteristic of his life. Yes
terday morning he moved his head slight
ly and his eyes a little. The nurse asked
him if he was looking for his handker
chief. "I think my wife has my handkerchief,"
the senator whispered.
Members of the family, when told of the
remark, at once recognized it as one of
J plagueing. in which Mr. and Mrs. Hanna
I often indulged. It was the senator's cus-
' " 5-
torn when he missed anv personal article,
especially his handkerchief, to say: "I
expect my wife has it."
At about 11 o'clock yesterday the sena
tor became unconscious and the patient
did not seem to know what was going on
about. When it was known that there
was no chance for recovery arrangements
were made to have a death mask taken
by Sculptor V. S. J. Dunbar and that was
done early last evening. The cast will
be perfect and, strange as it may seem,
will show the face in its usual fullness.
The senator's face shows little emacia
tion and owing to the constant use of
oxygen had taken on what appeared to be
a coat of tan which gave it almost a life
like appearance.
Attack That Ended in Death Dates
Back Nearly Two Months.
Washington, Feb. 16. Senator Han
na's fatal illness in its beginning dates
back nearly two months. About the
middle of December he informed his
friends that he did not feel quite well,
but declined to take a period of rest,
which all fully realized was much
needed. Although he had been com
plaining for two or three days, he left
Washington on Thursday afternoon,
December 17. to attend a meeting of
the. executive committee of the Civic
Federation, which was held in New
York on Friday and Saturday. His
deep interest in the work of the fed
eration induced him thus to expose
himself. He was able to attend the
sessions of the committee and to par
ticipate in its deliberations, but on Sat
urday night he was stricken with what
was pronounced by Dr. George E.
Brewer, his attending physician, to be
the grip. He was confined to his apart
ments in the Waldorf-Astoria for near
ly four days, but on the afternoon of
Wednesday, December 23. he was able
to leave for his home in Cleveland. He
became better on his arrival there, and
on Saturday, the 26th. appeared at his
office in his usual spirits, apparently
quite recovered from his attack of the
ELECTED. On Sunday, January 10, Mr. Hanna
lelt for Columbus, to be present at Jhe
proceedings incident to his re-election
to the United States senate. He re
mained in Columbus until the follow
ing Wednesday afternoon, when he re
turned to Cleveland. During his so
journ in Columbus he was bright and
cheerful, enduring the physical strain
of greeting hundreds of his friends
without an indication of weakness. He
arrived in Washington from Cleveland
on Saturday, January 16. He was
fatigued on account of his trip and the
excitement and strain of the incidents
of the week, but was in excellent
spirits and received with characteristic
cheerfulness and manifest pleasure the
congratulations of his friends on his
re-election to the senate.
(Continued on Page Two.)
W. V
, v J S 4.. 4
Russian - Second-class' Cruiser
Boyarin Blown Up.
She Had 197 Officers and Men
on Board.
600 Russians Freeze to Death
Crossing Lake Baikal.
Japanese Are Preparing
Land in Manchuria.
Russian Reinforcements of 60,
000 on the Way.
St. Petersburg, Feb. 16. The Rus
sian second class cruiser Boyarin was
blown up by a mine February 13 in
the same manner as the Russian tor
pedo transport Yenizi. She had on
board 197 officers and men, all of wTiich,
it is understood were lost. No details
of the disaster have been given out.
The Boyarin was 348 feet long, 41
feet wide beam and 16 feet draught.
She was of 3,200 tons displacement and
her trial speed was 25 knots. Her
armament consisted of six 4.7 inch
guns eight 1.8 inch guns, two 1.4 inch
guns and three machine guns. She was
also fitted with six torpedo tubes. The
Boyarin was last reported as having
taken part in the engagement of Feb
ruary 9 at Port Arthur.
Seoul, Feb. 16. The Korean govern
ment has granted Japan the right to
traverse the country.
It is reported that Japanese war
ships have trapped three Russian ships
at Yongampho. No details regarding
the result of this naval exploit have
been received.
New York, Feb. 16. The Russian
consulate here was destroyed by fire
Sunday night, says a World dispatch
from Shanghai. The cause has not been
ascertained The Russian gun boat
Manbur, which was trapped by the
Japanese warship at the mouth of the
Yang Tse river is now being disman
Seoul, Feb. 16. The Russian minis
ter and all the resident Russians left
this city on Friday last, the 12th in
stant, on a special Japanese train.
Upon its arrival at Chemulpo it im
mediately went to the Jetty between
Japanese lines of soldiers. The Rus
sian minister bowed to the westerners
present, but not to Japanese, boarding
a launch in attendance with 100 Rus
sians on board. The minister appear
ed much depressed and his wife wept.
The party went on board the French
cruiser Pascal, which sailed for Che
Boo this morning at 101 o'clock. Sne
had in all 7.000 Russians on board.
lingkow, Monday, Feb. 15. Threat
ening demonstrations have been made
against the British gunboats Espeigle
and the United States gunboat Helena
by Russian soldiers, whose assaults
upon and depredations against other
foreigners continue. The civil admin
istrator is making every effort to ar
rest the offenders and has assured Cap
tains Barton and Sawyer and Consul
Miller that full reparation would be
The Eleventh Siberian regiment pa
raded at New Chwang today in full
The Russian authorities deny the re
Russian Cruiser Boyarin Lost
port of the loss of Russian vesseis near
It is stated that Japan will wait in
definitely to land troops in Manchuria,
as she considers that the control of
the seas obtained by Japan nullifies to
a great extent Russian interests in the
St. Petersburg, Feb. 16. A issue of
80,000,000 roubles credit notes, secured
by gold was made February 13. The
comparatively small influx of circulat
ing credit notes into the treasuries and
the imperial bank and the increased
withdrawals for the far east are as
signed as the reasons for this opera
tion. The total of the credit notes in
circulation -Sebruary 14, was 680,000,000
Seoul, Feb. 16. The French cruiser
Pascal has been delayed at the last mo
ment at Chemurpo owing to the objec
tions raised by the Japanese authorities
to the disposition of the Russian refu
gees, which is considered by them most
unsatisfactory. Twenty-three of the
wounded Russians landed at Chemulpo
are now in care of the Russian Red
Yokohama, Feb. 16. The cruiser Na
sin arrived safely at Yokosaka at 9
o'clock this morning and the cruiser
Kasaga at 11 o'clock. These two ves
sels recently purchased from the Argen
tine republic will increase materially
the preponderance of the Japanese naval
New York, Feb. 16. The arrival is re
ported of 60,000 Russian troops at
Irkutsk, says a Herald dispatch from
Port Arthur, by way of Che Foo. They
are now nearing Harbina. Manchuria
trains are now running regularly bring
ing supplies from Siberia. Admiral
Alexieff, viceroy for the far east, is still
making his headquarters at Mukden. A
Russian fleet is reported to be moving
in the direction of Korea or southern
Japan with the Intention of bombarding
the nearst port, causing a diversion in
favor of Port Arthur.
New York, Feb. 16. The Lokal An
zeiger publishes an interview with Jap
anese Minister Kurino, who left St.
Petersburg a few days ago, cables the
Berlin correspondent of the Herald. Mr.
Kurino declares he was convinced Rus
sia did not desire war; that is to say,
the government at St. Petersburg did
not wish it; neither did Japan.
The Russian War Minister.
"When hostilities were at last open
ed," he said, "it was directly due to the
action of Admiral Alexieff. By his
ostentatious preparations for war he
rendered war inevitable."'
M. Kurino affirmed that the viceroy
never delivered the last note to the Jap
anese government and the minister says
he had not the slightest information as
to what the note contained.
"As to the duration of the war," said
the minister, "that is a matter the mill
tary experts can settle."
In conclusion the minister expresses
the belief that France will not interfere
in the conflict.
"But if she does," he added, "England
can be depended upon to stand by the
Ottawa, Ont., Feb. 16. Secretary of
State Scott in response to a request to
take necessary steps to acquire imme
diate protection for the missionaries of
the Presbyterian church, now in Korea,
cabled the British minister at Seoul re
questing him to protect the mission
aries and church property, lhe minis
ter. Mr. Jordan, replied as follows:
"Telegraphic communication with
Song Ching interrupted, but I sent a
message on 11th instant to Wonson to
be forwarded overland recommending
that women and children at Song Cliing
and Kamheung should be sent to Won
. New York, Feb. 16. Knowing that the
Siberian railway could not convey
necessary supplies to Manchuria and
Vladivostok k, Russia oered at cnrist-
mas time, large quantities of provisions
in America 'lor delivery in ban iTan
Cisco, January 23, January 2& and Feb
ruary 7, says a Vienna dispatch to the
Times. The greater part of these pro
visions have not reached the . Russian
harbor and may serve to support the
Japanese navy.
The question of supplies will be all
important in this war, continues the
correspondent. Much indispensable ma
terial had to be taken from Warsaw
and sent to the far east, and all other
provisions were to come from America
or from Odessa by sea. Everything
that was left in the Black sea after New
Year's is unlikely to reach its destina
For this reason the provisioning of
the army in the far east is causing
great anxiety, as nothing can be ob
tained there in the winter, not even
forage for the horses.
Even were the Siberian railway in
perfect order it would not suffice to car
ry the food for from 150,000 to 180,000
men. However, the line is now ob
structed by trains carrying rails, sleep-
With lGTOfficers and Men.
ers and building material, and the mat
ter of supplies is said to be causing
great anxiety.
Rome, Feb. 16. TJie Japanese minis
ter here, M. Ohyama today received a.
cable dispatch informing him that the
Japanese warships Nizhin and Kasuga,
which arrived at Yokasuga, Japan, to
day, reached their destination in per
fect condition. The dispat-ch adds that
the war feeling among the officials and
men of the two ships was very high
throughout the journey and that the
work of completing their preparations
for active service was continued at sea
so that they will be able to take part
in the hostilities almost Immediately.
London, Feb. 16. The voluminous dis
patches from the far east published
here this morning are again character
ized by absence of real light on the
situation. Numerous unconfirmed ru
mors are given, and among them is a
report of another engagement at Port
Arthur in which the Russians lost eight
vessels sunk and ten captured.
A correspondent of the Daily Mail,
who witnessed the engagement off Port
Arthur, confirms this morning his pre
vious accounts of the fight and asserts
again that one Japanese torpedo boat
was sunk and another destroyed by its
crew in a sinking condition and prob
ably captured by the Russians. He
says also that the Japanese lost one
battleship an had one cruiser put out
of action, and that the colonel of the
Fifteenth Russian regiment was killed
by a shell during the bombardment.
Cablegrams to the Daily Mail from
Wei Hai Wei and New Chwang report
a Japanese fleet with transports cruis
ing in the gulf of Pe Chi Li apparently
with the idea of effecting a landing hear
Port Dalny.
tContinued on Page Six.)
Senator Foraker Formally An
nounces Death of Hanna.
Committee of 25 Appointed to
Attend the Funeral.
Serrices Will Be Held in the
Senate Chamber.
Committee Will Accompany the
Body to CleTeland.
Washington, Feb. 16. Formal an
nouncement of the death of Senator
Hanna was made in the senate today
imrr iiately after the opening prayer.
The5 duty of making the official state
ment of the senator's death fell to Mr.
Foraker, Mr. Hanna's colleague. Most
of the late senator's colleagues were in
their seats before the senate was
called to order, and their faces bore i
traces of the sorrow which all felt. The j
galleries, too, were crowded. The
opening prayer was delivered by the
senate chaplain, Dr. Edward Everett
Hale. . "
On motion of Mr. Aldrich the for
mality of reading the journal of the
preceding day was omitted and Mr.
Foraker was recognized to make hi
He said: "Mr. President I have a
painful duty to perform. It is that of
making formal announcement of the
death of my colleague, Marcus A.
"The event was not unexpected at
the time it occurred. For months past
it has been evident to all who were
associated with him that he was in
failing health. He was urgently and
repeatedly advised to desist from hia
labors and make a special effort to
resist his maladies, but his strong will
power, hopeful nature and fidelity to
duty were such that he disregarded all
such suggestions and continued at his
post until three weeks ago, when he
was prostrated with typhoid fever.
"His friends then became justly
alarmed. That alarm spread through
out the country, and in response to
unusual manifestations of public sym
pathy his physicians bulletined his con
dition daily, and finally almost hourly.
"He is named by all his countrymen
by his political associates, not alone
because he was their great organizing
leader, who repeatedly led them to vic
tory, but also and more specially Be
cause he had gained their affections
and reigned in their hearts as a favor
ite by his political opponents because
they are chivalrous and generous
enough to experience sorrow when a
brave man falls though he may be of
the opposition and because they recog
nized in him a bold and fearless foe
man, who commanded their respect
and excited their admiration.
"It is unnecessary to speak in this
presence of the great loss his death
has occasioned to his party, his state
and the nation. All know it better
than any language can express it.
"Mr. President, this is not the time
for extended eulogy. Later I shall ask
the senate to set apart a day when all
his colleagues can join with me in pay
ing fitting tribute to his life, character
and public service.
For the present 1 content myseii
with offering the following resolutions
for which I ask present consideration:
The resolutions introduced . by Mr.
Foraker were as follows:
Resolved. That the senate has heard
with profound sorrow of the death of
the Hon. Marcus A. Hanna, late a sen
ator from the state of Ohio.
Resolved. That a committee of 25
senators, of whom the president pro
tern, shall be one, be appointed by tne
presiding officer to make orders tor
superintending the funeral of Mr.
Hanna. which snail taK- pince in tne
senate chamber at 12 o'clock on Wed
nesday, February 17 instant, and that
the senate will attend the same.
Resolved. That as a further mark or
respect his remains be removed from
Washington to Cleveland, O., for burial
in charge of the sergeant-at-arms, at
tended by the committee who shall have
full power to carry these resolutions
into effect and that the necessary ex
penses in connection therewith be paid
out of the contingent fund of the senate.
"Resolved, That the secretary com
municate the proceedings to the house
of representatives and invite the house
to attend the funeral in the senate
chamber and to appoint a committee
with the committee of the senate.
"Resolved, That invitations be ex
tended to the president of the United
States and members of his cabinet, the
chief justice and associate justices of
the supreme court of the United States,
the diplomatic corps, the secretary of
state, the admiral of the navy and the
lieutenant general of the army to attend
the service in the senate chamber."
The committee provided for in the
resolutions was appointed by the chair
as follows:
Senators Foraker, Allison, Aldrich,
Hale, Piatt (Conn.), Frye, Spooner, Per
kins, Wetmore, Hansbrough, Warren,
Fairbanks, Depew, Kean, Scott, Bever
idge, Alger, Kittridge, Gorman, Cock
rell. Teller, Bacon, Martin, Blackburn
and McEnery.
The resolutions were adopted and im
mediately thereafter, on motion of Mr.
Foraker, the senate as a further mark
of respect, adjourned.
Prisoner at Leavenworth Peni
tentiary Is Identified.
Kansas City, Mo., Feb. 16. At the Kan
sas state penitentiary at Lansing today
officers from St. Louis positively identi
fied as William Rudolph, the Union, Mo.,
bank robber, who escaped from St. Louis
last year, the prisoner "Gorney" undergo
ing a sentence for attempted bank rob
bery. Weather Indications.
Chicago. Feb.? 16. Forecast for Kan
sas: Partly cloudy tonight and Wed
nesday; rising temperature; southerly
Temperatures ot Largs Cities.
Chicago. Feb. 16. 7 a. m. tempera
tures: New York, 2; Boston, 2; Phila
delphia, 6; Washington, 8; Chicago, 4
below; Minneapolis, 16 below; Cincin
nati, aero; St, Louis, 8.
Promise Is That It Will Be
Warmer Tomorrow.
For three days the weather has been
uniformly and steadily cold. The mini
mum today was 10 and the minimum on
Monday and Sunday 11.
The forecast for Kansas sent out to
day is, "Partly cloudy tonight and
Wednesday. Rising temperature." The
wind this morning was east, blowing 12
miles an hour. The hourly tempera-,
tures recorded by the government ther
mometer today were as follows:
7 o'clock lOill o'clock 12
8 o'clock 1012 o'clock 15
9 o'clock Ill 1 o'clock 16
10 o'clock 12 2 o'clock 18
Wind. 13 miles from east at 2 p. m.
Court Declines to Sustain Sena
tor's Demurrer.
St. Louis, Feb. 16. Judge Adams, in
the United States district court today
overruled the demurrer of United
States Senator Joseph R. Burton, of
Kansas, to the indictment charging him
with accepting money for using his in
fluence in preventing the issuance of a
fraud order against the Rialto Grain
and Securities company.
The trial of the senator was set for
March 22. A panel of 60 jurors has been
ordered for that date.
In reading his decision Judge Adams
Dr. Carl A. Swensson, of Lindaborg,
consumed 25 minutes, giving each point
raised by the defendant careful analysis.
Both Senator Burton and Major Hugh
C. Dennis, president of the Rialto Grain
& Securities company, were in court.
The indictment grew out of the trou
bles of the Rialto Grain & Securities
company, when that concern ran foul
of the United States postoffice depart
ment and further use of the mails wa
denied it. It is charged that for $500
per month Senator Burton was to use
his influence to have the embargo re
moved. ,
In riling the demurrer to the indict
ment the defendant contended that the
postmaster did not have the authority
to forbid the Rialto Grain company the
use of the mails or to issue a fraud
order. Also that there was no sub
stantial charge of fraud at the time.
Both of these questions were dismissed
by Judge Adams with the remark that
he was not impressed with them. The
question as to whether the United States
was interested in tne case caiiea tor a
more extended opinion, but Judge
Adams held that it was interested. He
then ordered the case to be tried
March 22.
Judge Adams' decision was, in part
as follows:
"In my opinion the government of
the United States is interested in mat
ters of inquiry and investigation pend
ing before its executive departments,
looking toward the enforcement of its
law in a higher measure of legal obli
gation as an ordinary agent is bound
by a contract between himself and his
principal, to perform his duties.
"No one would question for a mo
ment that such an agent would be in
terested even in a pecuniary sense in
the performance of his duty. On fail
ure to do it, legal liability might ac
crue against him."
Fierce Storm Raging and Tem
perature Below Zero.
Syracuse, N. Y., Feb. 16. A fierce
snow storm is raging all through this
section of the state. The thermometer
in Syracuse was 15 degrees below zero
during the night. All trains are sev
eral hours late.
New York, Feb. 16. A piercing wind
today added to the discomfort caused
in this city by a drop of 25 degrees in
the temperature within 10 hours and
outdoor work was reduced to the min
imum. At 3 o'clock the official record
of the mercury was one degree above
zero, that being the lowest, although
suburban thermometers registering
from 4 to 10 degrees. Ice cakes in both
rivers hampered the ferries greatly
during the day.
Pittsburg, Pa., Feb 16. Thermome
ters registered from a to 10 degrees be
low zero in and about Pittsburg today.
At Corey it was 30 degrees below zero.
Two men were found frozen to death
an unknown man in Allegheny and
Robert O'Brien at Coraopolis, a sub
urb. LaCrosse, Wis., Feb. 16. With the
thermometer between 15 and 25 below
zero today all trains are late. The
Mississippi river at this point is frozen
solidly to the bottom.
Provincetown, Mass., Feb. 16. The
entire Cape Cod section was swept by a
furious fierce blizzard yesterday and
last night the worse since that of No
vember, 1898. Traffic on land and wa
ter was seriously impeded. Several
trains on the New York, New Haven &
Hartford railroad were dug out of the
snow today after having been stalled
during the night.
S. .' V-.A.'lT.ITllin,'J
Famous Swedish Educator a
Victim of Pneumonia.
Passes Away Today at Los An
geles, California.
Has Built Up Town and College
of Lindshorg.
His Loss Will Be Sererely Felt
in Kansas.
A telegram from Los Angeles, Cal.,
announces the death there of Dr. Carl
A. Swensson, president of Bethany col
lege at Lindsborg. The cause of hia
death -was pneumonia,
This news will come as a great shock
to the Swedish people of Kansas and the
west, as it was not generally known
that Dr. Swensson was even ilL He
went to San Francisco recently to dedi
cate a church there and then went to
Who Died Today at Los Angeles, Cal
Los Angeles, wfeer he -was taken ill
and died. ' - " ' ' i
Dr. Swensson was undoubtedly one of.
the great men of Kansas. His life work
was the building of Bethany college, and
it stands today as his monument. He
founded it in 1881, when it had only a
few Swedish pupils who were taught in
the little church. At that time Mr.
Swensson was only 24 years old. . To
day, the Institution to which he gave his
life is oneof the greatest colleges in the
west. Away out on , the Kansas prairies
Dr. Swensson built up an educational
institution which is known throughout
the country. .
His death will be a severe blow to
Bethany college. He was. right in the
prime of his life, 46 years old, and waa
apparently of a strong and rugged con
stitution. He was of a large build
and a tireless worker. His great execu
tive ability is shown by the fact that
he did work which would ordinarily be
divided among a number of men of
considerable ability. The church of
which he was pastor has a membership
of upwards of 2,000, which would alona
be considered a great work for an ordi
nary pastor. The presidency of Beth
any, with its thousand or more stud
ents, is another great work. But in ad
dition to both of thase Dr. Swensson
looked after numerous business inter
ests, found time to write considerable,
travelled, lectured and dedicated
churches; took a prominent part in po
litical affairs, and was the leader of
several thousand Swedish people ia
central Kansas.
Dr. Swensson did not come from
Sweden himself, but was the son of a
Swedish minister. He was born at Su
gar Grove, Pa,, on June 25, 1857. His
father. Rev. Jonas J. Swensson,. was
for 15 years pastor of the Swedish
Lutheran church at Andover, 111., and
was at one time president of the Scan
dinavian Lutheran Synod of North
America. He died in 1873. His son fol
lowing in his footsteps, was educated
at Augustana college and theological
seminary, at Rock Island, 111., graduat
ing from the latter in 1879, and imme
diately afterwards he went to Linds
borg to become pastor of the Swedish
Lutheran church there, and he has held
the pastorate ever since. Two years
later he founded Bethany college, but
Dr. Olson, early the leader of the
Lindsborg Swedish colony, was presi
dent of the college until 1889, -when Dr.
Swensson was placed at its head, and
since then it has grown rapidly in the
midst of adversU?.
It was Dr. Swensson's executive
ability which has built up the great
conservatory of music at Bethany and
has brought about those concerts
which have made Lindsborg famous
throughout the country. In a little
town of less than 2,000 people so great
a singer as Nordica has twice ap
peared, the last time only a few weeks)
ago. The Lindsborg renditions of "The
Messiah" every spring have been the
subject of magazine and newspaper
articles throughout the country and
always attract people for hundreds of
For fifteen years Dr. Swensson has
been the recognized head of the Lins
borg Swedish colony, and few men(
wielded as great an influence as he. He
controlled the Linsborg Posten, a
Swedish newspaper published at Linds
borg, and also the Lindsborg Record,
one of the English papers published
there, both by the Bethany Publishing
Dr. Swensson received the degree of
doctor of divinity from his alma mater
and one or two other institutions. The
Royal university of Upsala, Sweden,
also conferred on him the degree of doc
tor of philosophy. He traveled exten
sively in Europe, particularly in the
Scandinavian countries, and at the
(Contonued on Page Six.)

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