OCR Interpretation


The Topeka state journal. [volume] (Topeka, Kansas) 1892-1980, November 19, 1905, EDITION FOR SUNDAY, Image 4

Image and text provided by Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, KS

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82016014/1905-11-19/ed-1/seq-4/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for 4

THE TOPEKA DAILY STATE JOURNAL. SUNDAY MORNING.
RAILROADJIEWS.
Compromises Being Proposed on
Rate Regulation Legislation.
Railway Presidents Feel That
Some Measure Will Pass.
SO THEY HAVE A FLAN.
It Appears to Coincide With
Suggestions of Boosevelt.
Gossip and Matters of Interest
in Uailroad Circles.
Washington, Nov. 18. With the
convening of congress but a few short
weeks away it becomes more and more
evident that the railway men are be
ing convinced that rate regulation of
some sort will be enacted and they are
preparing to compromise with the
leaders who are inclined to support the
propositions advanced by the presi
dent. Many of the presidents of the great
railroads, and Included in this number
are those who are considered among
the wise men of the country, have
been forced to take notice of the fact
that the president has behind him the
Support of practically the whole peo
ple. Public sentiment in favor of rail
way rate regulation has become
stronger instead of weaker during the
congressional recess, and this despfte
the fact that the railroads have been
spreading broadcast throughout the
country all sorts of literature in an
effort to show that rate regulation
would in the end be inimical to the
Interests of the people.
Men like President Mellen of the
Kew York. New Haven & Hartford,
President Cassatt of the Pennsylvania
and President Baer of the Reading
have come to the conclusion that it
will be impossible to prevent the
passage of a law providing for the
regulation of railroad rates by a gov
ernment commission, as urged by
President Roosevelt. These railroad
magnates, and others, have according
ly begun to frame a compromise bill,
Which, after all, is largely along the
line taken by the president, but which
aims most particularly to strengthen
and dignify the commission.
This railroad proposition is that a
railroad rate commission shall be
created, composed of about nine mem
bers, who shall each be given a salary
of $1,000 a month, and who shall be
professional railroad experts or law
yers. In this way. it is hoped to im
prove the personnel of the commission
to such an extent that its decisions can
be followed safely by the railroads
themselves.
In addition to this the measure
which is being drafted by the railway
men embodies a proposition that any
decision of the commission shall be
subject to a writ of injunction by any
competent court of federal jurisdic
tion. This is merely putting into
words what would be the case anyway,
because under the original rate bill
passed last winter the interstate com
merce commission could be enjoined
from enforcing the rate. The right of
Injunction is not being impaired in any
way under the legislation proposed by
the president.
This so-called compromise by the
railroads so far as it has been outlined
Is practically a" surrender. It gives
color to the report, which has been
current for some months, that the
railroads were so much in fear of
prosecution under the anti-trust laws,
for their combinations between com
peting lines, that they were willing to
accept a rate regulation law to escape
something worse.
Another reason for this manifest
change of front on the part of the big
railway men is the fear of radical
public sentiment in the direction of
government ownership of railroads.
It is feared that if the railroads suc
cessfully combatted rate regulation,
and It Is presumed that they could if
they put the screws on. there might
grow up a demand for government
ownership which some subsequent and
more radical administration might be
disposed to grant.
As a usual thing the so-called com
promise offered by railroads and other
corporations, .when legislation is pro
posed that affects their interests in
any way, are rather jug handled and
likely to contain jokers that make
them worthless, and any measure of
that kind that comes from a railroad
aource will be crutinized with the
greatest care by those men in con
gress, and particularly in the house
who are honestly In favor of federai
regulation of railroad rates.
FIFTY YEARS IN SERVICE.
Santa Fo Man. Once a Superintendent,
Taken 111 Tending Gate.
Redlnnrls. CVii J 10 . ....
fifty years' service on' the Atchison, To
S!lLa fnd.Santa during which time he
"5? I? .be superintendent of the Colo
rado division Thomas Saunders, who has
passed his declining years In the hum
ble capacity of gate tender and cross
ing watchman at the Orange street
crossing hi Redlands. has been taken to
the hospital in Los Angeles to be treated
for rheumatism asthma and paralysis.
It is thought that the veteran's career
In the service of the Santa Fe Is ended
The case of Mr. Saunders is a sad
0n.?L ln e,rljr lIfe he became connected
with the Santa Fe railroad and his very
Uif J?as. be.en i,ven to With a hum
ble beginning lie worked hard and was
promoted gradually from conductor
through the maintenance of way depart
ment and trainmaster's office to division
superintendent of the Colorado division
He worked incessantly and was a great
factor in the early development of the
Santa Fe lines in Texas. New Mexico,
Colorado and Arizona. '
.In,.awt- he worked too much and his
health began to fail, necessitating his re
moval to San Diego, Cal., wher? he be
came Santa Fe yard master. He re
mained there a few years before com
ing to Redlands as gate tender, it be
ing impossible for him to do yard mas
ter work because of his rheumatism.
ROCK ISLAND FIREMEN.
Have Grievances to Present in Chicago
Similar to Santa Fe Men.
Dan E. Cain, general manager of the
Chicago, Rock Island Sk Pacific railway
left last night for Chicago, so as to be
there Monday when he and the other
operating officials of the road will hold
a conference with the grievance com
mittee of the firemen who are employed
on the Rock Island system. These con
ferences are of yearly occurrence and
, are similar to the one which has just
been concluded here between the offi
ciate of the Santa Fe and the firemen
employed on "that line.
It is understood that the Rock Island
firemen have demands similar to those
presented by the Santa Fe men, and
which were not allowed by General
Manager Hurley.
These include a demand to be relieved
from cleaning engines and from placing
supplies, such as oil and waste, etc., on
me engines, and it is not thought that
the Rock Island officials wUl look with
any more favor on them than did the
Santa Fe people.
NEW CATTLE CARS ORDERED.
Rock Island Preparing to Meet Future
Live Stock Situation.
Before another season for the ship
ment of live stock rolls around a year
hence the officials of the Chicago, Rock
Island & Pacific railway expect to be
in a position to handle promptly all the
business offered them in this line, and
the conditions of this year that have
resulted in delays in handling stock be
cause of the shortage of equipment will
not prevail.
Announcement to this effect was
made yesterday by Frank T. Dolan,
general superintendent of the south
west district of the road. Mr. Dolan
said that the company had placed a
large order for cars for the live stock
traffic and that these would be deliver
ed early next summer. These cars are
of a new variety and can be used for
hauling other kinds of traffic.
Most of the stock cars now in use on
all the railroads can be used only for
live stock purposes. They are needed
for this traffic only about two and one
half months in the year and for the
rest of the time are necessarily idle.
Under these conditions railroads, gen
erally, have not been in the habit of
keeping on hand more than just the
number of these cars that was thought
to be sufficient for the business. But
whenever there is a good cattle season,
all of the live stock men want to ship
to the markets at the same time and
the result is that the railroads have
only about half as many cars as they
need, and they are the recipients of all
kinds of complaint and abuse from
stockmen because of the delays in fur
nishing cars.
This is a condition of affairs that has
prevailed this year and is on with all
its disagreeable features at this time.
Every road tapping the cattle country
is woefully short of stock cars, and men
having sheep and cattle ready for ship
ment are suffering accordingly.
But the Rock Island is preparing to
do away with this condition of affairs
next year. A new kind of a freight
car has been invented. It looks a good
deal like the present stock car but the
flooring is so arranged that it can be
swung down to the sides. Under this
arrangement the car may not only be
used for cattle but also to carry coal
and ballast. It is this kind of a car
that the Rock Island officials have put
in a big order for, and instead of being
able to use the only three months in
the year as is now possible with stock
cars, it will be able to use them all the
year around for the other purpose in
dicated, and the road, for this reason,
is not going to hesitate to order enough
of them to properly care for the live
stock traffic in the future.
TWO BIG ROADS UP TO MARK.
Santa Fe and Rock Island Not Worried
by Air Brake Order.
Two of the large western railroads, at
least, will not be inconvenienced in any
way by the order of the interstate com
merce commission, which was promul
gated yesterday, to the effect that after
August 1, 1906, seventy-five per cent of
all the cars on freight trains used in
interstate commerce shall be equipped
with air brakes.
These roads are the Atchison, Topeka
and Santa Fe and the Chicago, Rock Is
land and Pacific. Although the present
regulations of the commerce commission
are that at least fifty per cent of the
freight cars on a train shall be equipped
with power brakes, both of these roads
have at the present time over ninety per
cent of their freight cars equipped with
air brakes. ,
Dan E. Cain, -eneral manager of the
Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific, when
asked yesterday if this new order of the
commission would in any way affect his
road or compel the company to get to
work and equip more off their cars with
air brakes, replied:
"This order will not affect or Incon
venience us in any way. We are more
than prepared for it. I should say at a
rough guess that fully ninety-five per
cent of our freight cars are now equipped
with air brakes. About the only cars we
have that are not equipped with air
brakes are some flat cars that are used
on work trains and some old box cars,
but none of these are used in interstate
business."
James E. Hurley, general manager of
the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe,
speaking on the same subject, said:
"This new order will make no differ
ence to our road. We are well Dre
pared for it. While I have not the fig
ures right at hand I believe that consid
erably more than ninety per cent of all
our freight cars are equipped with air
brakes. The Santa Fe was one of the
first roads in the country to undertake
the general equipment of Its freight cars
with air brakes and for a long while
more than ninety per cent of our freight
cars have been thus equipped."
RAILWAY MEN PLAN BRIDGE.
Would Build Across Missouri Above
Kansas City, Kas.
Kansas City, Mo., Nov. 18. Leav
enworth men who are promoting an
electric railway which is to follow the
east bank of the Missouri river from
St. Joseph to Kansas City, are also
planning the construction of a bridge
to span the river a short distance
above Kansas City, Kas.
While the scheme has not reached
the stage of complete organization, it
is said that the company, which is
headed by E. W. Snyder, a Leaven
worth banker and chief promoter of
the terminal railway bridge at that
place, will have sufficient backing to
carry out the enterprise.
The proposed bridge Is designed to
give entrance to the city of the electric
railway, as well as to provide a cross
ing for two and probably three steam
railroad lines. Should bonds be voted
by Kansas City, Kas., its permanent
use as a free wagon bridge is assured.
The construction of the bridge
somewhere between the north limits
of Kansas City, Kas., also contem
plates the development of a body of
2,000 to 3.000 acres of land in what
is known as the North bottoms, suit
able for railway and manufacturing
purposes. Purchases of land have re
cently been made there by men who
are in close touch with the promoters
of the big project.
It is said that the right of way for
the electric line from St. Joseph
down the river to a point opposite
Quindaro has practically all been se
cured. The men behind the bridge plan
say that the Rock Island and the Chi
cago Great Western railroads would
both welcome the construction of a
new bridge above the city. The Rock
Island uses the old Hannibal & St.
Joseph tracks from Cameron to Kan
sas City for Its Chicago line, while the
Great Western trains come down from
Leavenworth over the tracks of the
Kansas City Northwestern.
JUDGE TO INSPECT CHOCTAW.
WUl Go Over Entire Division for First
Time This Week.
H. U. Mudge, second vice president of
the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific rail
way, Is expected to pass through Topeka
early In the week en route for the Choc
taw division of the Rock Island system.
Since his connection with the company
Mr. Mudge has not inspected the entire
Choctaw division, and he plans on this
trip to go over every mile of it.
R. B. Cunningham Advanced.
R. B. Cunningham, who has been em
ployed in various capacities in the divis
ion freight office of the Chicago, Rock
Island & Pacific railway in thia city,
has been promoted to the position of
contracting freight agent, with head
quarters at Wichita. His many friends
here are congratulating him on his advancement.
J. W. HENRY PROMOTED.
Rock Island Man Known m Topeka
Given Responsible Clerkship.
Dalhart, Tex., Nov. 18. Announcement
Is made of the appointment of J. W.
Henry to the chief clerkship in the of
fice of C. W. Jones, superintendent of
that division of the Rock Island system
between Herington, Kan., and Santa
Rosa.
J. W. Henry.
Mr. Henry has been at Dalhart for
about a year in the capacity of chief
clerk to the division engineer. He has
been in the employ of the Rock Island
for about five years and began his rail
roading as a call boy in the Santa Fe
service at Dodge City. He entered the
Rock Island service at Caldwell as a
brakeman and shortly afterwards was
appointed chief clerk to Trainmaster
Bossart. He was promoted rapidly
through various positions until he reached
the position of time-keeper and coal clerk
in the superintendent's office in Topeka.
From this position he came to Dalhart
as chief clerk to the division engineer.
Mr. Henry is deservedly popular with all
who know him and is receiving many
congratulations from his friends. He
and his wife are prominent in the social
affairs of Dalhart.
FREIGHT BLOCKADE AT IOLA.
Missouri Pacific Tied Up There With
Heavy Shipments.
Iola, Kas., Nov. 18. The freight
yards of the Missouri Pacific here are
all but blockaded as a result of the
heavy outgoing shipments of freight
from Iola factories. There were 45
cars of freight in the Iola yards last
night, 25 loads in the Gas City yards,
and 45 loads in the La Harpe yards,
all waiting for a chance to be sent to
their destination. The regular trains
cannot handle this number of cars
within a week in addition to their
regular local business, and these
1 aded cars will ha to go out by
means of special trains made up in
the yards here. It will require half
a dozen big trains to haul the freight
out of the yards on Its way to its des
tination. C
CHESS.
By the Kansas State Chess
Forecaster.
The material for this column is furnish
ed by The Kansas State Chess Associa
tion. A. 1,. Wagenseller of Junction
City, pres'dent, and O. C. Brett of Hum
boldt, dccietary.
The following game was played at the
last state tournament between Mr. J. V.
Humphrey of Junction City and O. C
Brett oi Humboldt:
OPENING, QUEEN'S PAWN.
White, Black
p J,HumPlrey. Mr. O. C. Brett.
1. P 04
P 04
2. P QB3
3. P QB4
4. Kt QB3
5. B Kt5
6. PXQP
7. Kt KB3
8. P K3
9. B-K2
10. PXP
P K3
Kt KB3
P QB3
B K2
KPXQP
Castles
B Kt5
Kt QB3
Q R4
QXP
Q Q3
Q Qsq
BXB
KtXKt
P QR3
R Ksq
Kt K5
QXB
Q-K4
P-K Kt3
Kt-B3
QR Qsq
Q-R4
QXQ
R QBsq
RXR
R-K2
P KR4
K Kt2
K Bsq
R-Q2
K-K2
K Q3
R QB2
K-K4
K Q3
Kt K5
P B4
R B8
R BSch
R Q Kt8
PXP
R Kt2
R Kt3
Kt B4ch
Kt K5 ch
R Kt 8ca
RXR ch
K B4
K B5
P R4
K-QS
KXP
P R5
P Q5
KtXP
P Q6 ch
Kt K5
11. Castles
12
R-Bsn
1.1.
Kt Kt5
14. K Kt
15. OTCR
-Q4
16. KtXKt
17.
11
KR-Qsq
Q B3
19. BXB
Kt B5
21. Q Kt4
22. Kt Q4
23. Q R3
24. R B2
26.
Q B3
KtXQ
KR QBsq
RXR
P-KR3
P-K Kt3
Kt Q4
K Bsq
P KR
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34. T I." r 4
35. K-K2
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
R Q2
P B4 ch
K B3
R Kt2
P Q Kt4
TKtS
41.
42. K K2
43. PXP
44. K Q3
45.
R B2
Kt K2
K Q2
K Qsq
R Bsq
KYB
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51. K Kt sq
oa. ii J
53. K 12
54. Kt Q4
55. Kt B6
56. Kt K5
57. KtXP
58. K B
0.
K-Qn
Resigns.
MIRACULOUSLY ESCAPES DEATH.
A Brave Clerk Meets With Strange
Accident.
Paris, Nov. 18. A bank clerk,
named Rene Weil, met with an acci
dent, which, by a miraculous circum
stance, was not fatal. He was on the
platform of the Bourse station, on the
underground railway, and while bend
ing over in order to see the train ap
proach, lost his equilibrium, and fell
on the track. The driver of the train
applied his brakes, but the locomotive
passed over the bank clerk. He was
not killed, however; this was evident
from the terrible cries he sent up.
The firemen of the Jean Jaques Rous
seau station were called, and with the
aid of screw jacks they raised the loco
motive. Thereupon the bank clerk
emerged safe and sound, but covered
with black dust and oil. Without say
ing a word to anybody he rushed up
the staircase and ran into a chemist's
shop. There he was assured that he
was not injured. The only thing the
chemist could do for the man was to
clean his clothes. He now declares
that not only has he escaped death,
but that his experience under the en
gine has been the mean of his rheu
matism leaving him.
BIG DAMAGES.
Berry Family firings Suit
Against Channcey Dewey.
Asks for Award ol Thirty-six
Thousand Dollars
FOR THE THREE LIVES
Lost in the Rattle Over the
Water Tank.
In the Struggle of the Smaller
Ranch men.
Damage suits amounting to $36,000
brought by various members of the
Berry family against Chauncey Dewey,
because of the killing of three of the
Berrys and the maiming of a fourth in
the famous Berry-Dewey feud three
years ago in Cheyenne county, will have
to now probably be threshed out in the
United States district court at Topeka.
Rossington & Smith of Topeka, Dew
ey's attorneys, yesterday secured an or
der of removal of the four different ac
tions before Judge Vandeventer of the
United States circuit court at St. Louis,
from Sherman county, Kan., where they
were originally brought in the district
court, to the Topeka federai court pre
sided over by Judge Pollock.
W. H. Rossington made the argu
ment for the removal on Saturday at
St. Louis and notified his office here
in Topeka last night that he had se
cured it. Tire telegram contained no
further information concerning the
matter. It is supposed that the con
tention of Mr. Rossington was on a
basis of diverse citizenship, since the
Berrys were all Kansas people, and
Chauncey Dewey is a resident of Chi
cago, 111.
The Berrys are expected to fight this
order of removal. It is not final. They
can ask to have the cases remanded to
Sherman county for trial. That will
be left to Judge Pollock to decide.
The cases and their trial will involve
an entire rehearsal of the famous
feud, which practicaly attracted the
attention of the entire country when
it was on as a "cowboy battle led on
by a millionaire."
It all happened three years ago in
Cheyenne county. Dewey came from
the effete east, wealthy, a society pet. j
He yearned for ranch life, and at!
once turned the coffers of his gold 1
into a great acreage of land. He built
up one of the most monumental stock
farms which Kansas or the west has
ever seen. He employed great num
bers of men and made them his 1
friends; in fact they swore by him ;
through thick and thin. Their loyalty j
came to a. test.
Smaller ranchmen round about
looked on with some Jealousy at the
invasion of the millionaire Yale grad- j
uate. Little petty differences came
up. The Berry family, who had a
small ranch close to the Dewey land,
became his enemies. Small matter
after small matter wedged between I
them until finally it came to arms.
The sale of a water tank brought on j
the crisis. Dewey's men and the
Berry family, in which there were
four boys, clashed. 1
A pitched battle ensued, about which
there still hangs the myster of who fired
the first shot. Alpheus, Burchard and ;
Daniel Berry were killed. Roy Berry i
was maimed for life. A criminal trial re- I
suited. Dewey finally gained his release
and his men likewise were let go. Then
the Berrys sought to recover damages in
a civil process at law. The wife of Dan
iel Berry sued Dewey for J10.000; the wife
of Alpheus Berry sued Dewey for $10,
000; the administrator of Burchard Berry
sued Dewey for $10,000 (the plaintiff be
ing unmarried) ; Roy Berry sued Dewey
for $6,000. The cases were all brought in
the district court of Sherman county.
They ran almost to the time of trial
when the attorneys got together and ar
ranged a compromise of $10,000 for all
four cases. Dewey objected, however
after deliberating over the matter, made
a showing before the district court judge
of Sherman county, had the judgment for
the amount set aside and the cases put
back on the docket for trial.
Now Dewey makes another move, by
getting an order of removal of all four
cases from the district court in Sherman
county to the United States district
court at Topeka on a claim of diverse
citizenship, the Berrys being residents
of Kansas and Dewey of Illinois. He
takes the case from the scene of its
enaction. It may be a long time before
it will be tried in the federal court. The
Berrys are expected to make a fight to
have their cases remanded to Sherman
county. This win entail arguments and
time. Should Judge Pollock overrule this
effort then the way will have to be
cleared for the trial of the cases here.
An entire transcript of the proceedings
in Sherman county of all that has hap
pened with regard to the Dewey case
both civil and criminal will have to be
made and filed in the federal court here
and probably will come up. It would be
purelv problematical to forecast the time
at which these cases may come to trial.
UNLUCKY JIM STRONG.
Mr. Royce Tried to Find Wife for
Him but Blundered.
John Q. Royce of Phillipsburg, the state
bank commissioner, has about come to
the conclusion that he won't do for a
matrimonial agency. For a year he has
been trying to find a wife for W. C.
Strong of Kensington. He has advertised,
answered letters of inquiry and ex
changed photographs; he has steered doz
ens of candidates up against Mr. W. C.
Strong, and now he is forced to the hor
rible confession that it isn't W. C. 8trong
who wants the wife, but his brother,
James Strong. ...
To make the affair bulge out with trag
edy, W. C. Strong is opposed to Jim
Strong's getting married, and all the ten
der letters intended for Jim have been
going to his unsympathetic brother, who
has laughed a brutal, heartless laugh,and
cast the letters into the fire.
This little story is an appeal to the
marriageable females who have been try
ing to make an impression on W. C.
Strong. They are urged to all take a
fresh grip and start in at the beginning,
addressing their letters to James Strong
of Kensington, who has a $50,000 farm and
wants a wife to share it with him.
This is the story which Mr. Royce tells
of the ghastlv mistake which has already
cost James Strong a year of matrimonial
bliss:
"About a year ago Jim Strong came to
my office in Phillipsburg and said he
wanted a wife. He told me about his fine
500 acre farm, his big crops, and his de
sire to find a congenial companion. But
through it all I labored under the delus
ion that It was W. C. Strong to whom I
was talking. I told Mr. Strong that I
would be glad to help him. I would put
a nice title advertisement in my paper,
and have the replies sent to my office to
avoid giving him too much publicity.
Tt seemed to be a splendid scheme,
and I got a large number of replies to
the advertisement. I looked them through
and picked out all that seemed desirable.
These I tied up and mailed to 'W. C.
Strong,' and so the trouble started. Jim's
brother is dead set against his getting
married, so when he got that batch of
letters he thought it was a mighty good
Joke oa Jim. He never told Jim a thing
about it, and of course Jim simply sup
posed that he got no replies to his ad
vertisement. "L f6w davs ago Jim came down here
to Topeka to see if he couldn't find a
suitable candidate for matrimony. I just
barely met him on the street and hap
pened to mention his being here to some
of the newspaper men around the state
house. And again I fell Into the mistake
of calling him W. C. Strong. The news
papers printed a story about him, and
when I was up at Philltpsburg the other
day I discovered that these stories are
bearing fruit, and W. C. Strong is get
ting another crop of love letters. And all
this time poor Jim Strong hasn't had a
single letter or a single tender message.
It is one of the most tragic comedies I
ever heard of."
HAVE A LUMBER TRUST
Why Coffeyville People Are Not Build
ing Much Needed Houses.
Coffeyville, Kan., Nov. 18 The Jour
nal says:
Coffeyville's most pressing need is
more houses. Men tell us every day
that they would build but for the sky
high prices of all kinds of lumber.
There are a half dozen big lumber
yards in town, but their prices are all
about the the same. The contractor
who hopes to get a cut is traveling
from yard to yard for nothing, unless
it is the exercise.
Now contractors are forced to go out
of town for their lumber and buy from
Arkansas saw mills. They can do this
and have the lumber hauled 10 or 12
miles to a railroad and shipped here
and save 25 per cent on the deal. They
can do this on any kind of lumber.
One contractor bought lumber in this
way for $16.50 per thousand feet that
was priced to him here for $22.50. An
other contractor got the lowest price
obtainable in the city per thousand feet
on a certain kind of lumber, $27.50, and
bought the same stuff in Arkansas and
had it laid down here for $21. Still an
other instance of the high prices that
prevail in Coffeyville is lumber quoted
here at the rock bottom prices of $30
to $35 per one thousand feet and pur
chased by a local contractor from a
dinkey saw mill ten miles from a rail
way, hauled over fearful roads to the
cars and delivered here for only $24 per
thousand. Same wood and quality.
THE RESULT OF EARTHQUAKES.
An Unhappy Lot or People Accus
tomed to Troxible.
Rome, Nov. 18. Public attention
has been directed by the recent earth
quakes in Calabria to the terrible
state in which the natives of that un
happy country exist. A special com
missioner of the "Corriere della Sera,"
of Milan, says that the social condi
tions prevailing in the stricken pro
vince are similar to those obtaining in
darkest Russia.
"The Calabrian peasants," he writes,
"are not essentially a low grade race,
but ages of oppression have made
them brutish, apathetic and dull
wlUed. Nowhere else is class distinc
tion more rampant. The canaglia
the very poor 3and they are numer
ous, are ground down by the upper
classes to an extraordinary degree,
and usury is rife. The peasant wo
man's lot is the most unenviable one.
She is the slave of her husband. He
rides on a mule or donkey, and she
follows barefooted on the stoniest of
roads, often carrying heavy burdens.
In some parts the wife even carries
her lord and master home from the
fields on her back."
The callous indifference shown by
the populace during the recent fearful
calamities is lamentable. In Meltito,
one of the stricken villages, some en
gulfed victims cried for aid for 36
hours without anyone volunteering to
help them, and in another instance a
group of men, who were calmly watch
ing some soldiers extricate victims, ex
cused themselves from assisting by
saying that they were no mastri (com
mon laborers). The class comprising
small landowners, trades people and
professional men are the loudest in
their demands for assistance.
"What is the good," they argue, "of
helping people who have lost nothing.
They had nothing to lose, and the
government feeds the common people,
instead of helping us who have suf
fered loss in property and trade." In
the little town of Monteleone there
are no fewer than 88 lawyers, who
are clamoring for relief because there
are no lawsuits. Tailors, shoemakers
and bakers complain because clothes,
footgear and bread are supplied by
charity.
HIS LAST PIPE OF TOBACCO.
An Old Smoker Dies in Tragic Fashion.
Paris, Nov. 18. An old joiner,
named Adolphe Duquesnes, has just
lost his life in a tragic fashion. After
dinner it was his custom to sit before
a good fire and smoke his dearly loved
pipe, which he called "Josephine."
The pipe had an interesting history,
and the old man never wearied of re
lating the stor" to anyone who cared
to hear it. So greatly was he at
tached to "Josephine" that he gave
his sons and daughters instructions to
put his pipe in his coffin when he died.
The pipe had been given to him on
the night of the battle of Gravelotte
by his captain, who was mortally
wounded by a Prussian shell.
"Take my pipe, my brave Duques
nes," said the captain before he died,
"and keep it in remembrance of me."
Last evening the old joiner was com
fortably seated in his armchair as
usual. His pipe was between his
teeth and he pulled lovingly at it. His
work had been arduous that day, and
after smoking placidly for a few min
utes he fell asleep. A terrible pain
awakened him. When he opened his
eyes he found himself surrounded by
flames. His clothes were on fire. The
flames spread to the table cloth and
the curtains, and soon he was blinded
by a thick smoke. The poor old man
shouted for help, and the neighbors
hurried to his assistance. They wrap
ped thick coverings round him and
carried him into a drug store. But he
was horribly burned, and a doctor who
was summoned could hold out no hope
of his life being saved. He was taken
to Tenon Hospital in a dying condi
tion. His pipe will be buried with
him.
The True Story of a Necklace.
London, Nov. 18. A strange story
which proves the difficulty experienced,
even by experts, in knowing the real
from the imitation pearl, has just come
to light. A young woman bought an
imitation pearl necklace at a west-end
shop for $25, and wore it the same
evening at dinner. A gentleman sit
ting beside her ventured to express an
opinion as to the extraordinary beauty
of the pearls, whereupon with unusual
frankness the young woman replied
that they were imitation, mentioning
what she had paid for them. The gen
tleman, however, was so convinced of
the genuineness of the pearls that the
purchaser returned to the shop the
next day to reassure herself. She was
received with great joy, for it trans
pired that the pearls were not only
real, but had been prepared for a
prominent Bociety leader, and in mis
take had been sold for imitation pearls.
The shopkeeper's gratitude went to
the length of offering the customer
$500 worth of jewelry in his shop,
which she accepted.
C. H. MORRISON
Sells
Watches, Clocks 6 Jewelry
MONTGOMERY WARD Co's PRICES
Over 20 Saved to Customers.
Gents' Watches A Gent's 17-Jewel Waltham Watch in a 20-
year gold filled case, open face $10.00
Same case Elgin or Waltham, 7 Jewel $ 7-70
11-Jewel Special 20-year gold filled, open face case 5 0.99
The "Topeka," the best Gent's or Boy's Watch made for the
price $ 1.50
Stem-wind Watch for 980
Ladies Watches A Ladies' Elgin or Waltham watch. In a case
warranted to wear a lifetime $14.88
A Ladles' Elgin or Waltham watch, in a 20-year gold filled case, $ 9.73
A Ladies' 20-year, gold-filled case, 7-Jewel American works. .$ 5.75
A Ladies Sterling Silver Chatelaine Watch and Pin $ 3.75
Parker Fountain Pens, U. off.
Rogers' triple plate Knives andForks, any brand, per dozen. . .$ 8.341
Rogers' Al Teaspoons, dozen $ 1.00
Rogers' Al Tablespoons, dozen 9 2.0O
Sterling Teaspoons, dozen $ 8.75
Gold filled Spectacles with a good reading lens, from $1.00 up.
All other goods at correspondingly low prices.
108 East Sixtb St Sd OFriSOIl'S Topeka. Kansas
Good straight material well cared for saves
the carpenter's time in working it, and
"Time is money.".
Our facilities for keeping stock in the best
possible condition are unsurpassed. Come
and see. J 3d and Jackson Sts.. Topeka.
Ask Your Dealer for
BUTTERMILK BREAD
And Taste the Difference
FIRST ONE ON FRIDAY.
Penny-Klingenberg Pipe Organ Re
citals Open This Week.
On account of the fact of the absence
of Prof. Penny during the summer, and
the numerous engagements of the audi
torium, the plan of the Organ associa
tion to give as often as once in two
weeks recitals on the new organ has
been somewhat interfered with, but ar
rangements have now been made to
commence a series of these recitals, the
first of which will be held on Friday
evening next.
Prof. Penny spent the summer in New
York, studying with the greatest organ
ists of the country, preparing for these
recitals, and it is no extravagance to
claim that they will be equal to any re
citals that can be given.
It is also arranged that Prof. Kllngen
berg will assist by playing several num
bers with Prof. Penny on the piano, to
gether with several piano solos.
There are many musical critics in the
city who think that there are very few
professional pianists who make a busi
ness of giving piano concerts who can
excel Prof. Klingenberg. It is a well
known fact that were it not for it being
necessary for Prof. Klingenberg to stay
in this climate on account of his lSth.
that the demands for his superior
knowledge would take him to some of
the large cities.
Those who heard a similar concert
last spring, given by Prof. Penny and
Prof. Klingenberg, will agree that it
was up to the standard of almost any
entertainment that has been given here
by foreign artists.
The admission will be 25 cents all
over the house. No reserved seats.
LOVE LETTERS IN BLOOD.
An Interesting Romance Unfolded Be
fore the Courts.
Paris, Nov. 18. The story of an in
teresting romance was unfolded be
fore the Seine Tribunal. The idyll was
disclosed by love letters, some of
which were 15 years old. A settle
ment which the husband, now dead,
made on behalf of his wife, was dis
puted by his sister. The latter alleged
that when he married he was not of a
sound mind, and that he had been
forced into making the settlement.
Dr. Lucien Arnad, of Castres,
while studying medicine in Paris,
made the acquaintance of Mile. Hen
riette Amelie Poidevin, a pretty mil
liner, in 1890. She became his mis
tress, and the doctor loved her dear
lv, as was evidenced from the follow
ing oath, which he wrote on the back
of his photograph:
"This portrait will be effaced before
mv affection for you is effaced." He
advised that Mile. Poidevin should be
better educated, and induced her to
read rood authors. He presented her
with a beautiful edition of "Paul et
Virginie." with this dedication. "To
my Lillietie, in remembrance of the
first cigarette which she made for me."
The lovers wrote to each other with
their blood. "With my blood I write
you that I love you. and will love you
always," wrote the doctor. There was
no doubt about the blood. Maltre
Cremieux, who appeared for the
widow, took from his bundle of docu
ments one fifteen years old.
Not content with writing oaths and
inditing love letters with his blood in
stead of ink, the doctor gave his sweet
heart this additional guarantee of his
love: "In case my dear little Lily
and I should quarrel she will only
have to give me this paper, which I
write today, and which tells her thatLstx Deaths Have Resulted at Yates
1 love nt-'i WIU1 fall 1 iii.N j 1 1 l i l. aim i
give her my word of honor that the
quarrel will end soon, and that she
will again be my sweetheart." After
a year there was a little trouble, which
will occur even in the best regulated
love affairs. The doctor confessed
that he had an arriere pensee. but de
clared that he still loved his Lily and
that he hoped to keep her forever.
Dr. Arnaud obtained the Sainte Barbe
prize of honor, a laureate, and became
a prominent practitioner. By and by
he spoke of his family and of mar
riage. And all this time he was send
ing "big kisses to his dear little white
thing." For years they loved and
hoped, and finally, on May 23, 1903,
the marriage took place. Less than
a year afterwards, on May 12, 1904,
Dr. Arnaud died in an asylum.
"He was mad in consequence of his
marriage," said his sister and heiress
to his fortune, Mile. Hortense Arnaud.
"He was persecuted, and fearing that
he would die like Zola, spent his time
in inspecting the stoves." Mme. Ar
naud's reply to the sister is: "If my
husband was mad at the time of his
marriage it would be necessary to an
nul it and not the settlement alone."
She adds that the doctor enjoyed per
fect sanity until November, 1903, uhi
he became 111 of cerebral congestion,
from which he did not recover.
HORRORS OF BATTLEFIELD.
Soldiers Almost Burled Alive Af tor ne
Ing Wounded.
Berlin, Nov. 18. During the liti
war In Manchuria the Russians wcie
often so hard pressed as to be obliged
frequently to dispose of their dead and
wounded In great haste. One wound
ed warrior told an interviewer, says a
correspondent of the Hanover Courier,
an almost incredible story. It appears
that the practice was to give the dead
and mortally wounded a black mark,
and the slightly wounded a red one.
Bodies with a black mark were then
buried in large trenches by a sanitary
column.
"I barely escaped," said the veteran.
"Badly mauled, I lay on the field. A
sanitary party approached. When
they came to me I saw one of them
seize the black brush. I just man
aged to gasp: 'I am alive. Do not
bury me." 'Have you any money?' I
was asked. 'Yes.' 'How much? 'Ten
roubles.' 'Hand them over.' He took
the money and gave me the red mark
and went on, but had not gone tar
when a Japanese bullet felled him.
Why should I lose my money? I
thought. I crawled to the fallen man.
He was dead. I searched his pock
ets. There were my 10 roubles, and
300 more. T am in luck this time,' !
said to myself, and pocketed the lot.
Then a mist came before my eyes and
I fainted."
UNCLE SAM OIL HERE.
The Local Agency Will Bo Opened
This Week.
The Uncle Sam Refinery company,
of Cherryvale, will commence to de
liver their refined oil in Topeka some
time this week. The wagons will be
started out on their routes and deliv
eries will be made to the retail dealers
in competition with the Standard Oft
and the National Oil companies. The
company's office Is maintained near
Eighth avenue and the Santa Fe right
of way. The yards for the tanks have
been located in the same place adja
cent to the Santa Fe tracks. A tank
age capacity of 25,000 gallons has
been arranged for.
"We don't believe that we shall ran
into any fight with the Standard here "
said Robert Rlghtmire, who Is the
local agent. "We haven't met with
any attemrt to scale down on th
prices for oil or gasoline as yet. and
we don"t believe that there will b
a war. We will have two grades ol
coal oil and one grade of gasoline for
sale here. I can't say what price will
be made, though we expect to start
the wagons out soon. This is the first
agency we have established."
PLAGUE OF DIPHTHERIA.
Center Within a Week.
Yates Center, Kan., Nov. 18 The
state board of health has taken charge
of the diphtheria epidemic that has
this city in its grasp. Physicians and
medicines have been sent here to
combat the disease and it Is hoped to
stop the further spreading of it Al
ready the local physicians have for
bidden any public gatherings and ad
vised against any private parties or
gatherings of any kind, until the dis
ease has been checked. six deaths
have resulted since It first started a

xml | txt