& jsi By Otis E. West
A Realistic Study of Life Among the lowly In a Great City
IPSE TOPEKA' DAILY STATE
( -XT ) GIUSEPPINA
X , ui i I nJL T: -
by James Schreiber.
Kilzabetb street girls
can run a peanut roast
er, sell tape and nee
dles and such things
from a basket or a bun
dle upon their shoul
ders, cry flowers, can
vass for anything, and
1 sell oranges and nuts from a bas-
fbut when they step behind a push
J the complaisance of the street van-
is not that the girls are desired to
Iain from work, for a father will sit
is doorway and smoke while his !
fehter trudges past him bent nearly
fble under the burden of merchan
h strapped to her shoulders, and a
I. J ...111 kA n..nll.. n J-k. Al-O t A t
ruaiiu mil kits chu""J
ltd his wife. No; Elizabeth street is
fulgent toward its women folk as re
rds work, and It Is an accepted con
ition for a man to lead his monkey
fid' leave his wife to drag the heavy
heel organ and to show the way with
mpty hands during their frequent ten
Vnent flittings, while the wife and chil
dren follow with furniture.
I So that morning when a slip of a girl
ane from an alley pushing a cart be
fore her that was well stocked with
fruit and looked timidly along the curbs
ifor a good -place to stop the other push
I cart venders scowled and' nodded mean
I Ingly among themselves. It was not the
competition, for she was only one and
of the backward kind that did not
! grasp much trade, but It was an in-
their carts a little faster or a little
Flower, according to her progress, keep-'
l Ing between her and the curbs and the
crossings and other desirable places,
I until, at last she stopped, confused, at a
i point where it would be impossible to
Few of them had seen the girl before,
but they recognized the cart. It had
been among them several weeks, push
ed by a frail little man with white hair.
Perhaps he had sold out to this girl, or
perhaps she was his daughter and was
trying the cart for a few days to see if
she would like the business. Well, the
first day would tell. If that discouraged
her, she would leave. A girl should be
In the sweatshops sewing or selling
tapes and needles. Push carts were for
, the men. So whenever any one looked
I toward them as though with an Idea
of buying, their gesticulations and
I clamor precluded any possibility of the
s customer noticing the wistful, anxious
Jface in the background.
though the day had not brought her a
single sale, - the-- girl was there again
the next morning, -so early that when
the first competitor arrived he found
V her cart in the best place on the corner,
f with her standing beside it, weary, but
They crowded as near as they could
and by their clamor . tried to divert
"i 1 1 II ii ij jf
Of Interest to
Inhere the Fur Bearing
Animals Are fiimied
UP in the arctic zone all around
the earth are obtained the
furs ladies and many men
are so fond of wearing in
winter. Close around the north pole it
appears to be so cold that scarcely any
animal life is found there, but 500 miles
south of it some of the most valuable
fur bearing creatures are caught. Rus
sian sable Is the costliest fur of all.
THE SEA OTTER TRAPPER.
The animal that bears It belongs to the
weasel family and is found in Siberia
and Kamchatka, where the winters are
fearfully cold. The awful cold makes
the fur very thick, fine and close, and
that, with Its rich, soft brown color,
makes It the most valuable of all furs.
But many a timetrappers perish while
trying to get It.
Everywhere valuable -furs are found
hardships have to be endured to get
them. Alaska and northern British
America are the great hunting ground
for furs In our hemisphere. The ani
mals that mostly yield the furs are the
lynx, beaver, fox, mink, muskrat, mar
ten and sea otter. - Bear and moose and
elk skins are valuable. Wolf skins are
prized too. ,
The great Hudson Bay Trading com
pany buys all the fur skins In northern
North America except along the Pa
cific coast. . There ; traders from the
United States engage In fur buying.
But whether Yankee or Britisher buys
the tir u is cnJefly Eskimo natives of
he nC"- '"" " .'Jiet them and bring them
trade, but with only indifferent success.
This day she sold enough to make her
eyes bright and to drive away some of
the despair which had been stealing
The next morning they came earlier,
but she was already there on the cor
ner, as before, with dark circles under
her eyes, but hoprful. Evidently she
had come almost before it grew light.
Again they tried to divert her sales
with their clamor, but Ineffectually.
Her position was too good and her fruit
too clean and nicely arranged and the
very appeal of her silence too irresisti
ble. But before night when not making
sales she spent most of her time lean
ing against the cart for support.
The fourth day this exhaustion be
came more apparent, so that even the
most callous of the push cart men no
ticed It. The animosity in the eyes of
some of them softened a little, but It
was a precedent at stake, so even these
vied with the most brutal In their ef
forts to drive the girl away. And as
HE FOUND HER CART IN THE BE8T
the hours wore on it became evident
that the desire would be accomplished.
The girl was very near the point of
Just opposite the corner was the shop
of a candy maker, much of whose time
was spent in the back part of his store
working great masses of candy dough.
in to the trading headquarters. These
natives engage in the capture of the fur
bearing animals In regions where the
thermometer is below zero most of the
time for six months in the year.
One of the most valuable fur animals
is the sea otter, which lives along the
coasts of the northern ocean. The sea
otter is now nearly extinct. Trappers
have hunted it off the land and sea be
cause of its velvety soft, rich dark
brown fur. You see in the picture how
it is caught. The trapper cuts a row
of holes in the ice and puts sea otter
nets down through them. Above the
holes he stretches a rope upon poles
like clothesline poles. Over each hole
Is, fastened a bell, which is connected
with the net beneath. Then the trap
per retires to a nearby shelter from
the cold and waits. When an otter gets
caught In a net the bell above it rings.
Then the hunter hurries to the hole
and finishes poor Mr. Otter very quick
ly. Sea otters, where any of them are
left, are found in Alaska and Kam
chatka. The silver fox is another Alaskan an
imal whose fur Is worth almost Its
weight in gold, but it, too, is becom
ing extremely scarce because it has
been hunted so much. The silver fox
BRINGING IN THE FURS.
is not a very large creature, being three
feet long and weighing about eight
pounds, but one silver fox skin, if free
from defect, is sometimes sold for from
J1.50O to $2,000.
I wrote above "worth, its weight ia
at first with his hands, then by throw
ing the mass over a strong Iron hook in
the ceiling and drawing it out into di
minishing yellow-white strings. When
It was of the proper consistency he
placed It upon a long marble slab,
where he drew it out and rolled it into
sticks, which were cut or broken into
right lengths by the slight touch of
shear points. Sometimes he would add
tiny balls of colored candy dough to the
mass, and when drawn out these would
make the stripes In stick candy and
candy balls and shaped objects.
All this was plainly visible through
the windows of the shop, and from her
position at the cart the girl watched
the candy maker much of the time
when not engaged with customers, at
first idly, then with increasing interest.
Apparently the operation was a novelty
to her. And on his part, after the first
day, the old candy maker got in the
habit of smiling and nodding an ac
knowledgment of her interest.
He was a good customer for fruit,
partly to be used in his trade and part
ly for his own consumption. So on the
second day, when he picked up a basket
and came out on the sidewalk bare- j
headed and In his shirt sleeves, several
of the push cart men stepped forward I
with eager anticipation. But he waved !
them back brusquely. He had been
seeing a good deal through the window
in spite of his seeming absorption in
"No, no," he said irascibly, "your
hands are not clean enough to handle
fruit. I will buy from the girl."
The third day he began to watch the
girl anxiously. He, too. had noticed her
exhaustion. During the day he was out
twice and bought fruit from her.
The fourth morning a long line of
girls went into the shop one after an
other, remained a few moments and
then came out. For the most part they
were ill clad, unattractive girls,, and not
one of them bought anything. It was
evident they wer& seeking work and
just as evident, after the first twenty
or more had gone in and come out, that
the candy maker was becoming irritat
ed. Toward the end he only gave an
applicant a single glance, and more
than once his "No!" was plainly heard
by the girl at her push cart on the cor
ner. At length late in the afternoon he
came out bareheaded and in his shirt
sleeves, as usual, but without his bas
ket. He went straight to the girl.
"Are you going to run this push cart
all the time?" he asked. . -
The girl looked surprised.
"I don't know,", she answered doubt
fully. "Because if yAu're not,"- he went on,
"I want to hire you to work in my shop.
You saw all thse . girls' straggling in
with soiled dresses and untidy hair and
sour faces and pert manners. Bah !
! They'd make pretty shopgirls, wouldn't
I they? I want a lady, a nice looking,
I neat, capable girl, who can look pleas
the Bright American
gold," but the fact is no gold or money
of any kind Is paid for furs up in snow
lands where they are found. All trade
is by barter. The fur hunting season
begins in October. Then the Eskimo
starts out - for the frozen wilderness
with his traps, blankets, food supplies
and fur sleeping bag. In the coldest
weather he travels upon snowshoes.
The cold, the solitude and the privation
would be terrifying to the civilized
man, and only the strongest and health
iest of the Eskimos can endure it many
winters, but it is the best way they
know of making a living.
All through the cold months till June
th-2 trappers stay In the wilderness,
killing and skinning the fur animals.
At the approach of warm weather they
tie the skins In a close pack, lash them
upon a sled and turn their faces to
ward the nearest trading post. There
an agent for the fur company buys the
pelts, as the skins are now called, and
pays for them with blankets, powder,
knives, tea, tobacco, beads and any
thing else the trapper thinks he wants.
Then he rests till the hunting season
. The little ermine is also highly valued
for its fur, which little girls look so
pretty in, Tbe ermine, too, belongs to
ant and at the same time be ladylike.
They all came In answer to an adver
tisement, and not one in the whole lot
The girl swayed slightly, but stead
ied herself quickly by leaning against
the cart, holding to it by both hands.
"Perhaps I wouldn't suit either," she
hazarded, forcing a smile to her face.
"Yes, you would," he answered. But
his tone was not quite so positive. "I've
been watching you through the window
for three days. You're neat and partic
ular about yourself. That shows. And
you're neat about other things from the
way you look after your cart and fruit.
And you're attractive to customers and
"YOUR .HANDS ARE NOT CLEAN
ENOUGH TO HANDLE FRUIT."
make yourself look- pleasant even when
you feel the other? way. That's what
you're doing now You're not sickly,
are you?" his new found anxiety at last
finding expression Irt words.
"No; I've aiway been very strong
and healthy,' she 'answered. "Only just
now I am a little weak."
"I thought you must be strong," with
some relief in his voice, "from the way
you handled the cart the first day you
came. I was watching. But yesterday
and today you've seemed a little sickly.
My work will be lots easier than having
a cart like this, and nicer, and I think
will pay you better. But, of course, I'll
need a girl who's spry and can keep up.
She'll have to help me make chocolates
the weasel family. In summer Its fur
is yellowish brown. The ermine weasel
is commonly called the stoat.
Scattered Eskimo tribes live all
through the arctic northwest and sub
sist by hunting, trapping and fishing.
A number of them"llve at Point Barrow,
the i northernmost Alaskan point of
communication with the white man's
world. Missionaries live at Point Bar
row the year round, and the little black
haired Eskimo children attend school.
In the winter the Eskimo children play
football and slide down hill. Boys and
girls both play football. They just take
an old boot or glove, stuff It with scraps
of deerskin and kick that around for a
football. It is the only kind they know
The young Eskimos have no sleds or
even any boards to slide down hill on,
so they just get upon their knees at the
top of a hill, put their hands behind
them upon their ankles and away they
go. That kind of sledding must be rath
er hard on the knees, one would think.
, The Contented Herd Boy.
German literature contains . many
beautiful pieces. Here is one: I-
In a flowery dell a herd boy -kept his
sheep, and because Ms' heart was "joy
and fancy candles and put them in
boxes and look after customers. Tm
too busy to wash my hands every time
a customer comes in, and it hurts trade.
I could do twice the business if I had
good help. I'm turning away trade ev
ery day." He waited a moment, as
though debating something, then added
cordially: "Anyway, ,I'm willing to try
you a few weeks even if you should be
sickly. You're just the appearing girl
I want, and I know you're spunky."
"Well. I don't know yet," he girl be
gan tremulously. - Then her face sud
denly changed. She was looking beyond
him. "Father!" she cried reproachfully.
A frail little man with white hair was
approaching them, walking slowly with
the aid of a cane. He looked anxious.
"Gluseppina." he cried, "I could not
wait any longer! . I have been worrying
all day, and at last I had to get up and
dress and come and see. - You looked so
bad last night, .and you did not want
me. to notice. I pretended to be asleep,
but I .watched, and I watched the night
before. The two first days I was too
sick to think, but since then you have
not eaten a thing. You spent your
money for wines and medicines for me,
The girl had been trying to interrupt
him with warning glances, with ex
pressive motions of her hands. Now
she cried "Father!" again - with such
shamed distress in her voice that for
the first time the old man noticed and
understood. He drew himself up with
sudden unconscious dignity.
"It was only that my daughter insists
on buying me costly wines and medi
cines like the very rich people have,"
he said, addressing the candy maker
and the two or three push cart owners
within hearing. "We are in very com
fortahle circumstances indeed and have
everything necessary.- But such things
cost a fortunej and when I am ill Giu
seppina gets headstrong and does not
know -where to stop, and then she
thinks she must be economical. She is
a very good girl, though, a very good
girl, and I assure you we are in per
fectly independent circumstances."
The candy maker's eyes were twin
kling, but with a mistiness behind him.
"The very use, of the costly, wines
prove that, sir," he said courteously.
do not have them even when I am ill.
But if you'll excuse me, you Interrupted
a conversation between your daughter
and myself. "I was trying to induce her
to help me in my business. But sup
pose we go Into the shop. We can talk
Without waiting for their consent he
crossed the sidewalk to his store, and,
after a little hesitation, they followed.
At the door he turned. ' "
"Say, you cutthroat men," he called
warningly to the, push cart owners,
"don't you touch a thing in this young
lady's cart! If you do, I'll I'll run you
"You s'pose-a we thiefs!" called back
one of the mon Indignantly. "We not
ous he sang so loudly that the sur
rounding hills echoed back his song.
One morning the king, who was out on
a hunting expedition, spoke to him and
said. "Why are you so happy, dear lit
"Why shall I not be?" he answered.
Our king is not richer than I."
"Indeed!" said the king. "Tell me of
your great possessions."
The lad answered: "The sun In the
bright blue sky shines as brightly upon
me as upon the king. The flowers upon
the mountain and the grass in the val
ley grow and bloom to gladden my
sight as well as his. I would not take
100,000 thalers for my hands. My eyes
are of more Value than all the precious
stones in the world. I have food and
clothing too. Am I not therefore as
rich as the king?"
"You are right," said the king, with a
laugh, "but your greatest treasure Is a
contented heart. Keep it so, and you
will always be happy."
What did a blind man. take at tea to
restore his sight? He took a cup and
saucer (saw. sir).
What word of five syllables can you
spell with five letters? "Expediency
How many sides are there to a tree?
Two the outside and the inside.
Why Is hot bread like a caterpillar?
Because it's the grub that makes the
Adding Insnll to Injury. '
Small Boy Serves yer right for slid-
want to harm the signorina, only she
no right with push cart. And we never
spose she be hungry." '
As the three disappeared in the shop
this man turned to his companions with
a few .eager words and gesticulations,
and they repeated the words and ges
ticulations to other cart owners further
"IT IS THE SIGNORINA'S," HE SAID.
along, who had not heard the conver
sation. In a few minutes a dozen men
had left their own carts and were
crowding about that of the girl.
Once inside, the candy maker mo
tioned the old man to a chair, but wise
ly Ignored the girl's weariness.
"Do you know how to make coffee,
Gluseppina?" he asked briskly.
"Yes, sir." she answered wonderingly.
"Well, it's just this way," he went on.
"I hate cooking and don't know any
thing about'it, and yet I do my own
housekeeping. I've got a nice little
kitchen behind the shop and three . or
four rooms . beyond," and supper's all
ready except just the finishing. Sup
pose you make the coffee while I finish
rolling this candy dough. Then we'll do
the talking while we eat supper. Oh,
well, 1t doesn't matter," as the girl col
ored and looked at him suspiciously, "I
can do It after I finish this. Only I
thought you wouldn't mind. You could
do in five minutes what my clumsy
fingers would take half an hour, and it
would be. a rare treat to have friends
Boy and Girl
HOW TO MAKE QUOITS.
Parlor quoits Is an easy game to
make at home. It consists of a square
block of wood in which an upright piece
is glued (a hole having previously been
made to receive it) to form the peg
over which the quoits are to be thrown.
The quoits themselves are made of cir
cular pieces of cardboard bound round
and round with wool, and the little
sketch on the left hand side explains
this and shows a quoit in the course of
manufacture, the ball of wool being
passed through and through until all
the cardboard Is covered. The object of
the game is to throw the rings over
the pole at a given distance. v
Six Thins Bor Oacht to Know.
First, that a quiet voice, courtesy and
kind acts are essential to a gentleman;
second, that roughness, blustering and
foolhardiness are not manliness; third,
that muscular strength is not health;
fourth, that a brain crammed only with
facts Is not necessarily a wise one;
fifth, that the labor impossible to the
boy of fourteen will be easy to the man
of twenty; sixth, that the be3t capital
for a boy is not money, but a love of
work, simple tastes and a heart loyal
to his friends and his God.
. A Seasonable Jolce.
"What - is an impulse?" asked the
"It's something that comes to . you
suddenly. - Can you form a sentence
containing the word? Any one may an
swer." "A snowball la an impulse." ventured
the timid little girl with the curly hair.
What Is it that a miser spends and a
spendthrift saves . Nothing. .
sit at the table with me. I get very
lonesome sometimes. That's right," as
the girl started suddenly toward the
kitchen.' "You'll find everything nearly
realy, with most of the victuals on the
table. I leave them that way to save
time. Your father and I will talk till I
finish this. Then I'll wash the candy oft
my hands and we'll eat."
It was a much longer meal than usual
with the candy maker, and he forced
himself to eat twice his usual allow
ance In order to keep his guests at the
table. When at last they rose he was
"So that's ell settled," he exclaimed
with much evident satisfaction, ad
dressing the old man. "Gluseppina will
start in as shop keeper in the morning,
and you will help me with the mixing
and cutting. You can make nil the loz
enges. And. as I said, it will' be better
for you to move right in here with me.
There is plenty cf room, and it will give
me Gluseppina within call all the time.
Often I have to keep open as late as 10
o'clock. Hello, who's that?" at a heavy
tramping into the shop.
It was the push cart men in a body,
with one of them extending a handful
of coins. "It 13 the signorina's," ha
said as he advanced and Jingled the
coins Into the girl's hand. "We have
sold-a out all the fruit. We hard mart
mebba, but all hard man have good
spot sometime somewhere." .
As they tramped out again noisily
the girl's lips quivered in an ill repress
ed sob. '
"The world Is so good, so good," she
Haunted by Hofi. -
Hog money is the name by which
the brass money which began to be
struck in Bermuda in 1650 came to ba
known. On one face of it- was a hog,
on the other a ship of that period.
These old coins are very rare and high
ly prized by collectors.
The history of this device Is curious
and interesting. A Spanish vessel,
commanded by Juan Bermudez, and on
Its way to Cuba with a cargo of hogs,
was wrecked there. This was in 1515.
Later in the same century, when the
English discovered this land, they
found a country inhabited by hogs.
It is also interesting to note that the
English discovered it in the same way
as the Spaniards. An English ship was
wrecked there. Is it any wonder that
the treacherous coast got from Spanish
and English alike the name of Devil's- -Land?
Yet it is one of the most beau
tiful coasts In the world, and it has 1
been claimed that In brilliancy Medi
terranean effects are not at all equal
to those of Bermuda.
. Bermuda is said to be the island of
Shakespeare's "Tempest." The strange
noises which mariners heard from this
island and which they did not then
know were produced by hogs caused
them to say that It was haunted and
to report weird things of It.
"Seven sheep were standing
' By the pasture wall.
Tell me." said the teacher
To her scholars small.
"One poor sheep was frightened.
Jumped and ran away
One from seven how many
Woolly sheep would stay?" :
Up went Kitty's fingers
A farmer's daughter she.
Not so bright at figures
As she ought to be.
"Please, ma'am!" "Well, then, Kitty,
Tell us, if you know."
"Please, if one jumped over,
All the rest would go."
A Remarkable Boy.
The boy violinist, Mischa Elmarv
whose picture is shown in the Illustra
tion, Is a Russian, and he has played
before most of the great people of his
country. At his concerts In Germany
and London he had applause enough to
turn the head of a less unaltectea Doy. f
He takes his honors very quietly, but
he is an artist and therefore loves sin
cere praise. He has composed a won-
derful cadenza which is too difficult for
him to play. - "Never mind," he says
philosophically. "I shall play It soma
day when I get my sixth finger. Mischa
meant very likely It was so difficult
that he would have to add another fin
ger before he undertook the composi
A Hew Acquaintance.
Mother I don't like the looks of that
boy who has just moved In next door.
Small Son Nuther do I. He's aw
fully wiry, and I'm afraid when it
comes to-gettin' acquainted, Til be tna
one to get licked. j- : -
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