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The Topeka state journal. [volume] (Topeka, Kan.) 1892-1980, July 22, 1907, LAST EDITION, Image 8

Image and text provided by Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, KS

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82016014/1907-07-22/ed-1/seq-8/

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. - - " ''1" ' ' - '; il T" . " jfE-. ,
" S9P tfjif fiif tea lutf 4uA -"hi i r qtilo
Auditorium at Central Station. Showing Keyboard
and Performers
N his Ingenious "Looking Back- I cated, and also, most marvelous of all.
ward" Edward Bellamy draws a I sundry tones that lie without the well
picture of the home life in an ! defined bounds of harmony as it is un
American city in the year 2000. j derstood by mortals and are not less
He tells of a central musical station
!rom which wires extended to every
iome. so that merely by pressing a
jutton any one who felt so inclined
night have the works of the masters,
nterpreted by virtuosi, brought into
:i3 immediate presence. At the time
:his clever bit of prophetic fiction was
published now almost twenty years
igo no one took the prediction seri
ously, not even the electrician, who was
.oykin forward as far jis he couid and
.vas in no position to look backward.
It has come to pass that Bellamy's
. nverteu prophecy has been fulfilled at
nost literally. About-the only point of
iKfiant'e bitween the prediction and its
realization is that the latter came too
;oon. about ninety-three years before it
.vas due. If the outcome had been dis
iMrous or even disagreeable, the world
night have been disposed to hold the
prophet responsible, 'out since the ful
filment has brought only satisfaction
se cannot regret its premature coming.
Sow that it is here it has been given
:he narrte of the telharmonic system of
Iectric music.
What is It? It Is immeasurably
sapier to tell what it isn't. It is a re
sult of creative genius at work that has
30 counterpart in anything with which
tve have grown familiar. It is a further
Harnessing of -the always mysterious
electric energies, this time into a tract
ible instrument for reproducing all the
tones that are recognized by the edu-
' OW many are there among the
present generation of basebaH
enthusiasts who know that
the man who saw the birth of
the game and who has done more for
itx development and perpetuity than
any other is still in the flesh and as de
voted to the national pastime as ever?
More than octogenarian that he is he
was born in 1824 Henry Chadwick is
still editor of the official Baseball Guide,
us he has been for the last twenty-six
In 1837 this Nestor of the great
American sport was a schoolboy of
thirteen in Brooklyn.. In those days the
only prominent field sports in vogue
were horse racing and the old English
game of cricket, which had a modest
and rather perfunctory following in
some parts of the country.. New York
was first in adopting cricket, it being a
matter of record that a match was
played on a field near what is now
Fulton market as early as 1751. Horse
racing was quite active on Long Island,
especially on the old Union course
near Jamaica and on the Centerville
Baseball as It is now was unknown.
A game bearing a certain resemblance
to it was played as early as 1831 by
the old Olympic town ball club. The
first baseball club was not organized
until fourteen years later. That was
the Knickerbocker club, which until
then had played a modified sort of town
ball. The national game as it is played
nowadays dates its existence only from
1857, the time of the organization of
the first national association of ball
The First Professionals.
At that time and for a decade later
11 baseball was amateur, all profes
sionalism being barred by the national ,
association rules.. It was in 1S68 chat
the first professional baseball team was
organized.-the Red Stockings of Cin
cinnati, who were the first men to draw
salaries from what - had always been
regarded as a mere pastime. Three
years later Mr. Chadwick, even at that
early day a leader in the development
ot the expanding game, succeeded in
m a j jp" ,i i wR ftw nil Mil if AwWasu ci;.iesM -.v
fc i ect1. uic iu Luc iiumuii ear man me
This smacks of the supernatural, but
it is true. The so called telharmonic
system of electric music seems la be
destined to revolutionize the science of
harmony, exact as it has ever appeared
to be. The diatonic scale, too, that bul
wark of the well equipped musical
theorist, is revealed4in all its shallow
artificiality. It Is made apparent that
for all the centuries the world of music
has been hemmed in on all sides by the
traditions of the art. We have become
so willing to accept the many physical
limitations of our acknowledged in
struments that it'etfmes like a shock
to be convicted of our narrowness, our
lack of tonal conception.
The Age of Electric Music.
But we must accept the evidence of j
our senses, and the telharmonic system !
will go far to convince us that the age 1
of electric music has dawned. It is '
demonstrated forcibly that this most I
awesome of nature's forces employed
as musical energy has brought about
fundamental revolutions in tone pro
duction which make necessary a read
justment of all our previous notions
on the subject. This has been the al
most universal conclusion of the host
of musicians who have seen and heard
the new wonder, and many of them
have been frank enough to admit it.
In the past all musical tones have been
produced by human physical effort.
dividing' the baseball fraternity Into
distinct classes, amateur and profes
sional. This he did by organizing the
association which was the progenitor
of the present National league.
According to Mr. Chadwick. it was not
until 1856 that he made up his mind
that the game of baseball was likely to
have a great future. He went over to
the Elysian fields, Hoboken, N. J., one
day to see a match game of cricket
played. It happened that a match game
of the baseball of the period was also
on the programme, and Mr. Chadwick
was so delighted with its possibilities
that he then and there resolved that it
should become the national game of
America. It seemed to him that this
new game was peculiarly adapted to
the American temperament, and he
made up his mind to boom it to the ex
tent of his opportunity.
He Made a Beginning.
With that end in view he went to the
various city editors of the daily papers
and tried to interest them in the' mat
ter. He wanted them to publish re
ports of all match games, realizing that
publicity would work to the new sport's
advantage. The majority of these edi
tors could not be interested. Even when
Mr. Chadwick offered to send In re
ports of the games free of charge he
could arouse no enthusiasm. They de
clared that'no one was interested in the
game and that it would only be a
waste of time and effort.
He persevered, however, until the
New York Times agreed to print his
copy provided it was condensed to the
smallest possible limit. That was in
1857, and it was thus that Mr. Chad
wick - became the first baseball editor
and journalistic promoter. It was not
long before other papers fell into line
and a general interest In the game was
taken in .all parts of the country.
While he was reporting the game for
the Times and other papers Mr. Chad
wick studied the conditions carefully
and soon began submitting amendments
to the rules, especially in the form' of
suggestions through the press. Later
he became a delegate to the conventions
of the association and was given a
ite.i ,J7
either by expelling air or by vibrating
some substance, and it followed that
the purity of the tones obtained by any
of these methods has depended entirely
on the skill of the one who evoked
them. In this new electric music the
quality of the tone Is always the same.
To illustrate this perfect uniformity
of tone the telharmonic reproduction of
the music of th- French horn may be
used. The tone from this instrument
Is exquisite when produced by an
artist, but the mechanical difficulties of
keeping the tone equal in quality are
well known to those who are familiar
with it. This is entirely obviated ,by
the new electric system. The tone is
always the same and may be prolonged
indefinitely. This i& equally true of the
tone of the violin or cello or any other
musical sound that may be required.
It is a storehouse of . perfect . tones
which are responsive to the slightest
touch. What is wrought with -them de
pends on the skill of the musician who
essays to combine-them. - . - .: .
The Man Responsible. , '
The genius who has developed this
scheme of supplying the world with
music produced by electrical energy is
Dr. Thaddeus Cahill of Iowa. In 1893
he began his search for the perfect
- r !
: .T.'fc1' W,
W ii':,.:C -y. fry. -hi ibn$yt . -
A sV - J - ' -rv$rr - A
musical instrument of his dreams by a
series of exhaustive inquiries Into the
principles which regulate sound. He
became convinced tnat perfection would
never arrive until tie could make him
self master of two requisites first, per
fect tones irf which the vibrations
should be under control, and, second,
these tones to be controlled with
mathematical certainty by; mechanical
means. " .
The established principles of physics
taught the patient Investigator that
sound is merely a vibratory movement
In the air and that it must be set in
motion by some vibrating substance.
The telephone suggested to Dr. Cahill
a ready instance of the action of the
electric current on the diaphragm of the
receiver, and he - finally came to .the
conclusion that it was- only necessary
for him to provide a current that would
vibrate at the mathematically exact
rates that would produce the various
musical notes. That, of course, brought
him to the alternating dynamo or eiec
tric generator. He proceeded to con
struct a series of. dynamos, each gen
erating a different rapidity of alterna
tions. He found that in this way hun
dreds of tones would be available.
Dr. Cahill. succeeded also in establlsh-
ing another. vital fact if these currents
could be transmitted by wire to re
ceivers and diaphragms in the same
building with the dynamos they ;ould
be transmitted wherever wires could be
run. Thus it would be possible to send
them to thousands of buildings in
scores of cities in fact, wherever there
might be a demand. Having accom
plished all this. Dr. Cahill began to
see his way more clearly. He realized,
however, that much remained to be
done before any practical result was to
be expected. He had no inclination to
put his discovery before the public as a
new and wonderful electric toy. He
was convinced that he was on the right-
track and that time and perseverance
would lead him to the perfection he
sought. It was not enough to have dis
covered the way to produce merely, a
certain fixed quality of tone. All other
musical instruments dp likewise. The
thing to be accomplished was to be able
to produce on this single Instrument
any timbre desired, the liquid sweet
ness of the flute, the vibrant tremble of
the violin or the resonant blare of the
A Problem Solved.
In time Dr. Cahill realized that his
system had solved . this problem. A
single current from one dynamo pro
duces only a fundamental tone and no
involuntary vibrations of the .dia
phragm are possible. Thence the In
ventor proceeded -to elaborate- his
system. After infinite labor and many
disappointments he evolved a dynamo
for each elementary tone in the regis
ter. About 200 dynamos -were found
necessary. And then came the final ob
stacle, something that it required the
labor of five years to overcome. It
was to provide a method of combining
number of different currents into a
single composite current so that the al
ternating impulses of one "would not
nullify those of another.
Finally, however, after fourteen years
of patient research, Dr. Cahill perfect
ed the system which is in some respects
the most remarkable electrical achieve
ment of the age. It is theoretically
and in time will become so practically
the only mathematically perfect mu
sical instrument, unlimited as to power
of expression and to its capacity for
transmission. The system's value to
musical art does not seem to depend
chiefly on the imitation of existing in
struments. That is a point insisted on
with great emphasis by the inventor.
Although its power of reproducing the
tones of other instruments and of
transmitting them and combining them
gives it a great commercial value, its
real supremacy exists in the 'fact that
it is capable of originating new tones,
those that have never been produced
by any existing instrument. It is ab
solutely a new creation, music set free
by . electrical energy, an expansion of
tone quality that has never before been
revealed to human ears.
lis Possibilities.
It is not possible at this time to es
timate the value of the new discovery
to musical art. The extraordinary pos
sibilities which it suggests are fairly
dazzling to the educated musician.
Many of the world's greatest artists
have . looked Into its operation with
awe and admiration. It has played to
audiences miles distant, and its cur
rents have been transmitted through
the equivalent in resistance of 900 miles j
place on the rules committee. Even
tually he was elected chairman, and it
was then that he suggested the forma
tion of state associations. Clubs were
springing up all over the country, and
the number was becoming legion. Since
each individual club was entitled to
send delegates to the national- associa
tion conventions that body soon became
too crowded to conduct business. Mr.
Chadwick was responsible for the re
striction of delegates to the state asso
ciations, and the improvement was
great and immediate.
Origin of Baseball.
As may be imagined, Mr. Chadwick
has some very definite ideas as to the
origin of the national game. They- are
at variance with the accepted theories,
but he continues to hold fast to his
original belief that the modern game of
baseball is the outcome of the old fash
ioned "English pastime known as
rounders. So competent a baseball au
thority as A. G. Spalding declares that
the game Is of distinctly American .ori
gin, and he dates its birth from the
organization of the original Knicker
bocker club in-New York city, Sept.
23, 1845. Mr. Spalding also believes
that the colonial game of one old cat
was the basic idea.
According to Mr. Chadwick. town
ball was the first step In the evolution
from rounders to baseball. Up to that
period, no form of ball save lacrosse and
cricket . had . ever been played in the
country. Town ball became very popu
lar, and it was played all over the
country until baseball began to assume
pre-eminence. One old cat, Mr. Chad
wide maintains, was not played at all
in those early days, but originated from
the preliminary practice with bat and
ball - which took place every time a
match game of baseball was on hand:
Although "the father of baseball" is
an Englishman he was born In Ex
eter in 1824 and came to America when
he was -three years of-age he is in full
sympathy with the effort to make the
game as exclusively of American origin
as Is possible. Since he cannot con
vince himself that such is. absqlutely
the case he admits that it consoles him
of open wire and nine miles of tele
phone cable, producing good musical
effect at the end. Stepup transformers
were used in the long distance trans
mission to augment the voltage along
the line.
Perfectly successful wireless trans
mission of the telharmonic currents has
been effected at a distance of ten miles.
This experiment had for Its receiving
point a battleship in New York harbor,
and it has also been made successfully
at other times. Wireless experts who
have Investigated the system predict
that in a year or so ocean liners may
have telharmonic concerts during the
first few evenings of a transatlantic
voyage, the melody coming from the
central station in New York. Several
leading hotels and restaurants and at
least two theaters have had the long
distance music In their supper rooms
and auditoriums.
It is the Intention of those who are
new music as much of a commodity as
are the Illuminating current, the tele
phone xr, for- that matter, the dairy
Ti . Tk. ci.rf a r-ti nf -4 r-i rl cr l Iiai ni? -
jnt - . .... .... ' . i . . ' . .. .. ... . " r-t
extended from the central station to all
parts of New York. The time is at
hand when large hotels will have the
wiring In all rooms so that precisely as
one now asks by telephone for Ice wa
ter or stationery he may ask for. music,
which will be supplied by means of a
switchboard In the office. The great
department stores will soon be supplied
with the telharmonic system, and it has
been proposed to run the wires into
hospital wards.
In view of the sedative influence ot
good music played softly some sub
scribers to the telharmonic service
have had the wires installed in their
sleeping rooms so that the current may
be turned on at any time in the night'
when they are inclined to be wakeful.
It is also possible by means of a very
clever clockwork device to be wakened
at any hour one elects by the perform
ance of, say, Mendelssohn's "Spring
Song" as a Etring quartet. This Is lux
ury indeed. GEORGE H. PICARI
to know that it was suggested by s
good an English sport as rounders. ,
A Remarkable Octogenarian.
More than octogenarian that 'he Is,
Mr. Chadwick is still engaged In active
work. Besides filling a position on the
editorial staff of a Brooklyn daily
newspaper and editing the baseball
guide which has borne his name for
more than a quarter of a century he is
engaged continually in editing and
writing books on sports. Quite recent
ly he has compiled a handbook on
chess. He still rises at 5 o'clock win
ter and summer, takes his cold plunge
with unfailing regularity, eats a .Mght
breakfast and Is deep in his work ce
fore the ordinary city man Is stirring.
He shows no signs of age in his meth
ods, making use of a typewriter and
turning in the most readable copy of
any member of the staff. He Is also
an excellent musician andf still plays
the piano with marked taste and facili
ty. Mr. Chadwlck's reputation as the life
long champion of American sports Is
international. When Mr. Spalding toolt
the Boston and Philadelphia clubs to
England, in 1874. he found that Chad
wick was regarded as an authority In'
all matters pertaining to sports on this
side of the water. It' was on this oc
casion that Sir Edward Chadwick. the
famous sanitary commissioner of Lon
don, the American expert's elder broth
er, made his oft quoted remark:
"While I have been trying to dean
London my brother has been keepinr
up the family reputation by trying t
clean your sports."
Two local mineral springs in Mexico
are now marketing their bottled Prod
uct, and it is finding a ready sale. Pint
bottles of Mexican mineral water and
ginger ale retail for from 15 cents to 30
cents Mexican currency, while the im
ported products sell for more than
double those amounts. The native
products have made severe inroads up
on the amount of foreign waters sol
there. - " ""

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