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r 1 EVERYBODY 10 PAGES READS IT. EVERYBODY 10 PAGES NEEDS IT. TO J LAST EDITION. THURSDAY EVENING. TOPEKA. KANSAS, JULY 25, 1907. THURSDAY EVENING, i TWO CENTS if IN FULLCONTROL Japan Has Remoyed Every Sem blance of Korean Autonomy. Has Established a Guardianship Orer the Empire. A RESIDENT GENERAL. Must Pass Upon Erery Act of Emperor or Cabinet. All Other Foreigners AreBarred From the Administration. Beoul, July 25. I wan-Tung, pre mier of Korea, according to author ity of the emperor, given under the Imperial seal at the palace early yes terday, and Marquis Ito, resident gen eral of Japan, signed the following agreement at midnight at the Jap anese residency: "The government of Japan and Korea, in view of the ear ly attainment of prosperity and strength In Korea and the speedy pro motion of the welfare of the Korean people, have agreed upon and con cluded the following stipulations: "Article 1 The government of Ko rea shall follow the direction of the resident general in connection with the reform of the administration. "Article 2 Korea shall not enact any law or ordinance or carry out any administrative measure unless it has the previous approval of the resident general. "Article 3 Judicial affairs of Ko rea shall be kept distinct from or dinary administrative affairs. "Article 4 No appointment or dis missal of Korean officials of high ' grade shall be made without the con sent of the resident general. "Article 5 Korea shall appoint to official positions such Japanese as are recommended by the resident gen eral. "Article 6 Korea shall not engage any foreigner without the consent of the resident general. "Article 7 The first clause of the agreement between Japan and Korea, dated August 22. 1904, is hereby ab rogated." The agreement abrogates the ad visor system, especially affecting the finance department, under Advisor Megata, who now becomes a Korean official. It also affects the Judicial department of the Korean govern ment for which a corps of advisers for all the provinces recently arrived from Japan. The Japanese plan, it is announced, Is to take control very gradually as there is a, dearth in Japan of compe tent and available officials. A -modern administration of Korean affairs would entail a draft of 1.200 officials and impose a" deficit-of -three times the present revenues. The organization' of courts of Justice will entail an im mense burden, as no legal code now exists. The urgent necessity is to obtain control of the Korean army and it is expected that General Ha' zewa will be added to the military staff of the Korean government. WAS LABELED POISON. Insurance Agent Kinds Evidence in tho Perkins Case. Lawrence, Kan., July 25. There must be- a big showing of hands in Kansas City, Kan., when the hearing upon the motion to exhume the body of L. H. Perkins Is called in federal court, before Judge Smith McPher son today. The Mutual of New York will show what evidence the company possesses to lead it to believe that there is poison in the stomach of the man who it allesres took a large dose of poison to defraud it and other insurance companies out of more than half a million in life insurance. It Is not known what this evidence is. except that an insurance detective lias said he is ready to swear that he picked up. upon the Perkins's house roof, a small folded paper bearing the word "poison." as though the pack age had contained a dose of the dead ly drug. It is the theory of the com pany that Perkins went out upon the roof, took the poison. let its effect come on. and tumbled off the roof while under its influence. This in it self is not generally considered to be enough evidence to form basis for the motion to exhume, and the public here is awaiting with marked inter est the developments at the hearing today. FIGHT FOR LICENSE. Insurance Company Seeks an In junction in tlie Federal Court. Nashville. Tenn., July 25. For the first time in Tennessee the powers of the United States court have been in voked in an attempt to restrain the Insurance commissioner from com pelling an Insurance company to con torm to the laws enacted for Its regulation by the state of Tennessee. This is the nature of an injunction bill filed In the United States circuit court by the State Mutual Lire company of Rome. Ga., in which it is sought to prevent Commissioner Folk from re voking the license of the insurance company on account of alleged dereliction of duty and noncompliance with the laws of Tennessee. Commissioner Folk has 'been cited to appear before Judge C. D. Clark !n his chambers at Chattanooga on August 19, and show cause why an Injunction pendente lite should not i.sue. Upon the filing of the bill in the United States circuit court at Jfarhville an order was granted by Judge R. R. Lurton. - - A Kansas Girl to Japan. Cherryvale. Kan., July 25. Miss Lydia Lindsey has left for New York, where she secures passage to sail on August 23 for Japan, to take up her work as a missionary. "Why does the old man holler hallelulla se loud?" - "Well, they ain't been answerin' his Prayers lately, and he wants to wake up the angels." Atlanta. Constitution. POUR COAL OIL ON MEAT Jewish Women Resent an Advance in Butchers' Prices. Philadelphia, July 25. The Jewish quarter was the scene of wild disorder today when the women of the quarter made demonstrations against all of the Kosher butchers as a protest against an increase in the price of beef. The shops were invaded by the angry women, prospective customers driven out, windows broken and kero sene in a number of instances was poured over all the meat in sight. Ar rests were followed by demonstra tions against two police stations to which several of the women were taken and the police were compelled to use considerable force in dispersing the crowds. HEAT ISJNTENSE. Mercury Mounts to 100 This Afternoon. On Street Level Thermometers Register From 105 to 110. Once more the weather record Is broken though that made by the mer cury yesterday was the highest since the 24th day of July, 1901. At 2 o'clock the mercury registered 98 on top of the weather bureau building and two hours afterwards 100. At 2 o'clock today the mercury registered 100 and is still climbing. The heat on the street level is probably five de grees higher. The wind Is blowing from the south at the rate of 18 miles an hour, but there is but little comfort in that fact as it fairly scorches where it arises from the asphalt pavements. There Is not even a promise of showers for today or a drop in the temperature though it may vary a few degrees in either direction within the next 24 hours. Thermometers along Kansas ave nue register anywhere from 105 to 110 and their records are a fairer idea of the intensity of the heat which must be endured than the figures of the government which are taken on top of a four-story building. The asphalt pavement is as soft and sog gy as a bed of sand and the lightest carriages Indent the tires in its sur face, while It squashes like soft dough under the feet of horses. No prostra tions have been reported. The following is a record of the do ings of the mercury today: 7 o'clock .....77111 o'clock 94 8 o'clock 82ll2 o'clock 96 9. o'clock 86 1 o'clock 98 10 o'clock 90 2 o'clock . 100 NO JAPANESE WAR. Lieutenant Charles McH. Eby Here With Troops Talks. ' .Lieutenant Charles McH. Eby, quar termaster, commissary and advance agent for the second sauadron of the Second cavalry. U. S. A., arrived in town bright and early this morning, to see that accommodations were provid ed for the squadron which arrived from Fort Riley at about 11:30. and is now encamped at the fair grounds. "We are on our way from Fort Riley to Fort Des Moines. Iowa," said Lieu tenant Eby. "We will march as far as Fort Leavenworth, and then take the train. They want to get us to Des Moines In time to participate in the maneuvers of the Iowa National guard, and we couldn't make it by marching. The Second squadron consists of four troops, E. F. G and H. The total number of men is 2 50. At Fort Des Moines we will be Joined by the other troops of our regiment, the Second, and for the first time in a number of years the entire regiment will be to gether. One squadron is at Fort Snelling, Minn., one squadron is up in Montana." "What seems to be the idea of the army officers about the Japanese war talk?" was asked. "Up at Riley they seem to generally believe that it is hot air, and newspa per talk. They don't .exoect any war with Japan." Lieutenant Eby returned from the Philippines about a year ago. In speaking of them he said: "Whether the islands are worth hav ing Is not a matter for me to discuss. Those who are posted on commercial and strategic affairs are the ones to decide about that. I know that the natives over there are a worthless 4ot. Still, I had a pleasant time on the islands, and enjoyed myself. "It has now been decided by the government to send the negro troops to the islands. Heretofore the gov ernment has not deemed it advisable to send negro troops to the islands, and the negroes have waited a long time for their turn to go. Now they are being sent over as rapidly as pos sible." The eight officers of the Second squadron will be entertained this even ing at dinner at tho Elks by Adjutant General Hughes and the resident offi cers of the Kansas National guard. NOT A MAN IS LEFT. Women Assume Direction of Affairs in Hungarian Town. Eudapest, July 23. The lure of the United States as a land of opportunity and wealth to the people of Hungary has brought out a curious state of affairs In the little village of Kerisova, near Lugos, that at the last census had a population of 3.500 souls. One by one the male residents of Kerisova heard the call acros3 the water, and they emigrat ed in batches until such time as the mayor was the only adult male to re main by the village. Finally he also suc cumbed to the reports of good wages and golden chances- In America sent back by his fellow townsmen, and, packing his trunk, he made his way to the emi grant ship at Flume. As a result of this exodus of males the women of Kerisova have Just elected a young woman to the position of mayor, and other female residents have been elected to fill the remainder of the municipal offices. The statutes in Hun gary provide that no female shall hold public office, and according to the letter of the law the presence of the women in office is Illegal. STILLBIJTER. Clarence Darrow Continues His Abuse of Orchard. Accuses Pinkertons of the In dependence Depot Explosion. EXCUSE FOR SIMPKINS. Says He Was Afraid to Come Forward and Testify. Tells Why Pettlbone Was Not Placed on the Stand. Boise, Idaho, July 25. Final plead ing for the acquittal of William D. Haywood was continued this morning by Clarence Darrow. United States Senator. Borah will begin the closing argument for the state at the evening session. Mr. Darrow confined himself more closely to a review of the evidence, but throughout the theme there continued unceasingly and almost to the point of monotony the strong note of abuse of Orchard and condemnation of the Pinkertons. Extreme hoarseness at first interfered somewhat with the speaker's flights of oratory, but a lib eral useof lozenges afforded some re lief and by the time Mr Darrow reach ed the labor troubles in Colorado he threw all restraint aside and .in spite of a reminder from the court, he rose to even greater heights than yesterday in his assault upon the existing order. past and present. He would speak, he said, upon the subject of deportations and await the instruction to the jury later. Mi. Darrow this morning defended the action of Jack Simpklns in disap pearing. He argued to the jury that at the time of Steunenberg's death no man accused of the murder would have been given a fair trial. He com mended Simpkins for remaining in hiding during the present trial and brought bold accusation . against the jury he was addressing when he said: Possibly a year hence every man who hasn't been hanged can get a fair trial in Boise." He explained the action of the Western - Federation of Miners in re electing Simpklns a ' member of the executive board upon the ground that as "brave men and brothers, we should stand by him until he is tried and convicted." The court took recess at noon until 2 p. m. Darrow Resumes. In resuming his address to the Hay woodjury this:. morning.-Clarence E. Darrow of, Chicago, who is having the last .word for the defense, took up a defense of Jack Simpkins' flight after the arrest of Harry Orchard. Mr. Darrow's voice was very hoarse, the result of his five hours and forty min utes of speaking on yesterday, and he spoke today only with the greatest of effort. "They ask us why Jack Simpklns is not here," said Darrow, "and I will tell you. The reason he Is not here Is that he Js afraid to be here. I don't propose to go around the question and give any fantastic reasons. He is afraid, that's the reason. Hawley tells you that Simp kins" flight proves that he is guilty. With that statement I take serious Is sue. If the fact that Jack Simpkins ran away proves he is guilty, then by the same token the fact that Haywood, Moyer and Pettlbone did not run away proves that they are innocent. One is just as true as the other but neither Is true. I used to think I could tell wheth er a man was guilty or not by the way he acted, but I got over that long ago. Some of the guiltiest men I ever knew have acted in the calmest and most in nocent manner while many an Innocent man has had to take refuge from the mob. I don't know whether Jack Simp kins is innocent or not. Is there any way I can tell and be honest with the jury. I haven't seen him after he ran awajf. He was in Caldwell with Orchard and was Orchard's friend. Simpkins had been In the Idaho bull pen and indigni ties to which he was subjected burn In his heart today and will probably burn there forever for all I know. Both Had Reasons. "Simpkins had reason to harbor hatred against Steunenberg. Orchard had rea son, either rightlv or wrongly, to har bor hatred against Steunenberg. Simp kins and Orchard had been together in Spokane for a month before they went to Caldwell. If Jack Simpkins went there for the purpose Orchard was told, and I prefer to think that he was mere ly on a trip to the southern Idaho unions and stopped off at Caldwell only for a day or two at Orchard's solicitation; what ever Simpklns went to Caldwell to do, he went away without guilt. He did not raise s. hand against Steunenberg. "Hawley blames us for re-electing Simpkins to the executive board. It might hive been better to have left him off. This is a cowardly world. It mi?ht have been better for the 40.000 members of the Western Federation of Miners to have turned their hack on him when y.n was nt d, b.r if we had tint ilawley 'vould have told that the fact tl-at the federation dropped Pimpkii.s showed beyond a shadow of doubt that the man was guiltq. But that Is not the Muff the brave men of the Western Federation of Miners are made of Till Jack Simpkins is convicted, every mem ber of the Cederation will stand by him and will n 1 Judge him until he has had his 'lay i i c urt. "If Simpkin.-? had li- ! i .your Wth r. you men -1 tl.ls Jury w.iill h:iv, told him to go away until the passions of men had cooled, tili he could arpeal to an impartial jury which would listen pa tiently to his 3iory and rer.dT a fair and just verdict upon him. Of course you would. "You know that these defendants are far safer today than they were eighteen months ago. Men's passions cool, their feelings subside and they look at things more calmly and fairly. You know these defendants are having a fairer trial to day than they could have had twelve months ago. It is natural that they should. A year hence I venture to say that every man not hanged can get a fair trial in Boise. Adams and Pettlbone. Mr. Darrow here went Into a lensthj discussion as to why the defense had not put Steve Adams and George A. Pettibone on the stand. He demanded to know why the state had not put K. C. Sterling, the detective of the Mine Owners' association,' on :the stand. Adams, the attoi ney explained, is on trial for the murder of a. man in north ern Idaho. Under these circumstances, Darrow said, he would rather cut off his right arm than allow Adams to take the stand, much as he desired the acquittal of Haywood. : "I am not afraid of what he would say against Haywood, but I am afraid to let Adams, my client turn himself wrongside out under the cunning cross examination f of Senator Borah and then, have his -testimony used against him when the second trial for his life begins. No lawyer who would permit a client to do such a thing would be worthy of the name." As to Pettlbone, Darrow said the circumstances were much the same. He is to be tried for his life for the murder of Steunenberg. Pettibone Is described as an easy' going, big heart ed fellow who had allowed the creat ure Orchard to work his way into his house. It was more important for Pettibone to wait and take the stand in his own behalf than to lay. himself open in the trial of Haywood, much as Pettibone would have liked to testify for the prisoner now at the bar. Why Moyer Testified. "The reason the defense put Moyer on the stand, while he too,, is awaiting trial," Darrow said, "is that there is no evidence of any sort for Moyer to explain. . He .expressed the belief that Moyer never would be tried for he did not believe that a prosecution even so foolish as the one against Haywood would dare to put a man on trial with such flimsy evidence as could be entered against Moyer. Mr. Darrow demanded to know why Detectives McParland and Sterling were not indicted, saying that to the latter especially had been brought home some of the most serious things in the case. He saia ne reierred to the Independence depot explosion which he charged up directly to the Mine Owners association. "I don't bel'.eve they intended to kill 14 men or any men, but they wanted to put up a job as they did in the train wrecking case so that they might take the law in their own hands and drive out the Western Federation of Miners and all the men, women and children In the district who dared to sympathize with them." Mr. Darrow picked out the story told by Orchard as to the plans for kidnaping August Paulson's children as follows: "He says Dave Coates suggested it. Oh, yes, somebody was always sug-: gesting these things to Orchard. He never did a criminal act of his own volition in bis life. But if you men can find away to believe Orchard in preference ' to Dave Coates, I don't know how you can ever make peace with your conscience or, your maker. And ii you can find no. way of believ ing Orchard in this instance you must know he has been lying and lying since his conversion. , ' " Cripple Creek Troubles. Plunging vigorously Into the Cripple Creek troubles, Mr. Darrow declared that "when some day the people get the right angle on this case and look back upon the Colorado labor struggles. they will have read one of the most im portant and pregnant chapters in the his tory of the United Stautea. "Talk about law and order," he ex plained, "nowhere in all the world has law and order ever been trampled In the dust as it was at Cripple Creek by the Mine Owners' association and their co horts, the respectables merchants, bankers and the like and the disreputa bles the gun men." -,. . Darrow eulogized all the witnesses in troduced In the case by the defendants. He said they had been all called mur derers, perjurers and assassins by Haw ley, but they were all brave men, not sneaking, craven cowards, who would tie a bomb to a man's front door and sneak off into the night. No, they stood in the open and fought fairly when they did fight. Darrow dwelt for the last hour of the morning session upon the Bradley explosion in San Francisco. He de clared all the evidence pointed to a gas explosion and described the estl- mony In support of Orchard s story as to the bomb, "manufactured in Pink erton McParland's perjury factory." The attorney asserted that it was im possible for Orchard to have gained the roof of the Bradley apartment house except by climbing the gutter pipe. "And you don't catch Harry climb ing any pipes," he went on. "Oh, no; no chance like that for Harry. He might fall down and hurt his finger and if he hurt his finger he might not be able to play upon the harp in kingdom come." The luncheon recess until 2 p. m. was ordered at noon. CONEY MUST FIGHT. Tliree Other Candidates In Field for Commander in Chief. Saratoga, N. Y., July 25 The follow ing outline for the pregram for the G. A. R. encampment is announced: Saturday, September 7, Commander-in-Chief R. B. Brown will open head quarters at the United States hotel. The Grand Army posts as they arrive will be quartered at the various hotels and boarding houses. Tuesday, September 10, will be devot ed to the welcoming of the chiefs and members of the Grand Army of the Re public. Governor Hughes has accepted an invitation to be present and an in vitation has been extended to President Roosevelt. Wednesday, September 11, at 2 o'clock, has been set for the great pa rade. Thursday, business matters will be ta ken up and will be concluded on Fri day. Saturday will be a day of excursions. Every indication points to a hot fight for the office of commander-in-chief. Alread-v several candidates have appear ed in the field with a large number of supporters. These are General Charles G Burton of Missouri, Chester Burrows of New Jersey, General W. T. Wilder of Tennessee and Patrick Coney of Kan sas. Other than for the office of commander-in-chief . there will be little competi tion. SHE CUT HER. THROAT, An Iola Woman Falls Dead Among Her Children. Iola, Kan., July 25. Mrs. Edward Graves, a farmer's -wife, killed herself with a razor early W'ednesday. She cut her throat and fell through her bedroom doorway into the yard where her children were playing. POLITICAL GOSSIP Stubbs May Not Suit All the Square Dealers. Senator Stannard Thinks He Would Hare Trouble at Home. MR. ROYCE COMMENTS. Expresses Himself About Action of Mr. Ham. Thinks He Made Mistake in Declining Attorneyship. According to Senator F. H. Stannard, of Franklin county, W. R. Stubbs will not be an altogether desirable "square deal" candidate for the office of gover nor. "Stubbs would have another hard fight in the Second district. Just as he did at the time of the Allen-Scott campaign. Allen has many friends in the Second district, and the- seed which he aowed there of antagonism to Stubbs are not dead yet. All the old Allen crowd would fight Stubbs if he should get into the race for. tne Republican nomination for governor. The Allen-Scott fight was really a fight between Allen and Stubbs. "I believe, however, that if Mr. Stubbs should get the nomination as the Re publican candidate, he would be elected, and not only that, but he would carry the Second district. The fight would come on his nomination. "It appears to me that the question of holding a primary to select the Re publican ticket next year depends large ly upon the people who expect to be candidates for office. If these people are willing to have a primary, the state committee will call one. But If the can didates for nomination won't stand for it, then there probably will be a conven tion. However, I can't see how any can didate can afford to turn down the pri mary plan. The primary is too popular with the people, and any candidate who opposed it might carry too big a load lor his own comfort. "I am not going to be back in the state senate next year, because I won't be a candidate for the nomination. The senatorship in the Fifteenth district is held alternate terms by Franklin and Coffey counties, and the next is Cof fey's turn." John Q. Royce, state bank commis sioner, whose home is in Phillipsburg, where he owns the Phillipsburg Dis patch,, has leased a house in Topeka, and has moved all - his household goods from Phillipsburg to Topeka. Some think this indicates that Mr. Royce may not return to Phillipsburg when his term as bank commissioner expires. Mr. Royce-will occupy the house at Huntoon and -Harrison streets which is owned by W. J. Healey, former freight auditor for the Santa Fo rail way, who has now moved to Cali fornia. Smith Center Journal: The latest report Is that the Reeder fellows do not really want a Republican primary and that all their talk about It has been a bluff. In- the Phillipsburg Dispatch, John Q. Royce comments as follows on the re fusal of W. B. Ham to accept the ap pointment as attorney for the state board of railroad commissioners: "The facts are that, while Mr. Ham might have been able to do much for the people in the office which Governor Hoch offered him, yet it was only one office, and if he would be able to bring nbout the reforms for which the square deal party was organized, It might les sen their chances to carry the election next year, and thus prevent a lot of the faithful promoters of the new party from getting Into office. . "The whole thing shows that it Is not results that these reformers want so much as offices. They don't want any one man put in position where he can bring about the promised reforms be fore the next election, for if such a thing should happen, how could Stubbs, Dolly, Stone & Co., ever expect to get the offices for which they are slated. "For one we regret that Mr. Ham has placed personal ambition above duty to the people who have been looking to him for some kind of relief. Mr. Ham says in declining this appointment, that he prefers to go to congress where the salary is $7,500 and perquisites, rather than to be attorney for the railroad board where the salary is only $2,500, and the vast amount of good he could do the people of Kansas, is lost sight of entirely by him in his desire to help Ham. "Mr. Ham will not be able to fool the people. They know a few things, and when he turns them down to help him self, they may not feel like going very far to help him. "As a citizen of the Sixth district, and friend of Mr. Ham, we are sorry that he has declined the appointment and wo are going to predict that he will regret his action In the future, more than his friends do now." Mr Royce is not the only- man in the Sixth district who think W. B. Ham made a mistake in refusing to accept the job of attorney for the board of railroad commissioners. The Smith Center Journal says: "Dan Dyer came home from To peka last Saturday evening and 'his former working partner, Phil Cham berlain came with him and spent Sunday with his many Smith Center friends. Dan has nothing new to give out along political lines and he says that the crowd around the Copeland refuse to discuss men or measures for the Republican campaign next year. He did venture, however, to condemn the action of W. B. Ham of Stockton, who was offered a fat $2,500 Job as attorney for the railroad commission ers and turned it down. Dan says this thing of saying no when a Job along political lines is offered, is a mighty poor habit to encourage and Is not becoming any man who is en gaged in active politics." , Thiel Is Dead. Chicago, July 25. Gustavus H. Thiel, president and founder of the Thiel De tective Service company, ' died here to. day of apoplexy. . He was secretary oi the United States secret bureau during the Civil war.. ... , . Weather Indications. Chicago. - July 25. Forecast for Kansas: Fair tonight and Friday. FOR A WIFE'S LOVE. Divorce and Damage Suit Is Started in Wichita. Wichita, Kan., July 25. Herman F. Oerke has brought suit for $10,000 damages against E. S. Hadley, be cause, as he claims, the latter caused his wife to abandon him. Mrs. Oerke secured a divorce from her husband recently. They were married in 1905. Oerke is sales manager for one of the largest dry goods houses in Kansas. Hadley Is a local real estate man and one- time a preacher in Oklahoma. It is alleged by Oerke that Hadley went to every extreme to win the love of his wife. WHEAT MEN ARE HERE. Want Grade Changed But Will Prob ably Fan. At a meeting of the Kansas grain grading commission being held here to day, a large delegation of Western Kan sas wheat raisers and grain buyers ap peared, and made a plea for a reduction in the standard weight for No.. 2 wheat from 59 pounds to 57 pounds, and a similar reduction in lower grades. The members of the commission are J. T. White of Ottawa county; Geo. W. Gllck of Atchison, and J. W. Corey of McPherson. John W. Radford, state grain inspector, is also present, and is taking a prominent part in the proceed ings. At the conclusion of the morning ses sion, Mr. White said: "I do not think the commission will make any material changes in the grading as adopted for the 1906." Among those present at the meeting today in the governor's office were C. P. Ketelson and A. C. Bailey of Kinsley, C. F. Randall, S. F. Cross and A. T. Gallamore of Lewis, J. W. Lockman of Wellington, and several parties from Ellsworth. W. J. Graham and Frank E. Essex, Kansas City, grain buyers, were also present, and several millers were represented. The Kansas grain raisers seem to think that if the weight of No. 2 wheat is reduced to 57 pounds, it will help the Kansas wheat raisers. They say that in most other states the No. 2 standard is 57 pounds, and that when grain is bought on the Kansas market, the Kan sas wheat raiser gets pay for better wheat than is generally sold at No. 2 wheat. A. C. Bailey of Kinsley submitted the direct proposition to the board that tho standard of No. 2 wheat should be re duced to 57 pounds. Some of the grain buyers and millers thought that the change In the standard would not make any special difference because of the fact that the buyers In spect the wheat and decide from an in spection whether they want to pay the price asked, regardless of what the grade may be. State Grain Inspector John Radford submitted for the consideration of the board the national standards adopted by the grain congress. These standards have been adopted in. a number-of dif ferent states, and some believe 'they should be adopted by Kansas. - "What we want," said Mr. Lockman, "is a grain standard which won't be changed every year.' What's the use of having a new set of grades for every crop, anyway?" "No use at all," replied Mr. Radford. "We should fix some grade and stick to It." The session of the commission is con tinuing this afternoon. DEADLY RAILROADS. A Gorman Official Declares United States Holds the Record. Berlin. July 25. Herr Guillery, an of ficial of the Archive bureau of the Prus sian railway administration, has pre pared a comparative table of statistics of those killed and injured by railways in various countries. He finds that both absolutely and relatively the railroads In the United States are the most dead lv. The United States has more mile age than all Europe.but even taking that into consideration, tne united eiaies holds pre-eminence In proportional fig ures. Out of every thousand railway employes the ratio of the number in jured each year is as follows: United States, 43.5; Switzerland, 25.3; England, 11.8; Belgium, 11; Germany, 2.4. Out of every ten thousand employes the relative figures of killed are: United States, 26.1; England, 12.3; Switzerland, 8.2; Russia, 7.8; British India, 6.7; Bel gium, 4.1. - Herr Guillery finds that in a single vear. the fiscal year of 1902, 376,600 per- Bons were injured in the United States. of whom 60,000 were employes ana were killed, of whom 3,600 were em ployes. In the matter of travelers Injured, France holds the lowest record In the world. United States shows proportion ately four times as many Injured as Russia, twenty times as many as Italy; as England, twenty; Belgium, eight; Switzerland, four; Germany, twice. HANGED ON THE QUIET. Madame Fromkina Refused to Ask the Czar for Mercy. Moscow, July 25. With the ob servance of the greatest privacy, Madame Fromkina, who In March last attempted to assassinate General Rheinebot, the ex-perfect of police, and who In May made an attempt to murder the inspector of the political prison here, wounding him with a pistol which had been mysteriously smuggled Into her cell, was hanged In this city at sunrise today. The authorities made every effort during the past fortunlght to persuade the woman to plead for the mercy of the emperor, but she obstinately re fused to do so. Her parents inter ceded with the throne in her behalf, but their efforts were unavailing. Madame- Fromkina was not charged with actual murder, but accused of making several Ineffectual attempts to kill officials. It Is believed that her mind was unbalanced and that she suffered from hysteria. They Want His Blood. Paris, July 25. There is a great and increasing popular clamor for the carrying out of the death sentence imposed last Tuesday upon a man named Solelllant for the murder of a llttre girl under particularly atrocious circumstances, especially as the chamber of deputies has appropriated $5,200 for public executions. - HIS TRUMP CARD. Commissioner of Pensions War ner Swears His Stepmother Is a Negress, in Fight for His Father's Estate. MARRIED IN KANSAS. Wedding Grew Out of a Rail road Wreck Romance. Ante-Nuptial AgreementFigures in the Case. " Clinton, 111.. July 28. Vespasian , Warner, United States commissioner of tensions, on of the biggest political figures in Illinois, under oath charges that his stepmother, Mrs. Isabella Robinson Warner, is a negress. Thla startling accusation, made in the fight1 on tha will of the late John Warner., whose estate has been appraised: at $1,660,000, was made public here.' today, where Judge Cochrane of the superior court is hearing the oase People were astounded. Not only ' does Vespasian Warner charge that his stepmother is of negro blood, but he goes so far as to say that a taint of the blood courses through the 'veins of his half sisters. Mrs. Arabella War ner Bell and Mrs. Minnie Warner Met tler. The charge of the United States commissioner of pensions was made in an amended answer to the widow's petition which was filed today. The Warner will case has been the talk of the countryside for months, for the family founded by John Warner., farmer and former head of John. War ner & Co., bankers, of Clinton, is the foremost in a social and business way In the county. The contest was started by the widow refusing to accept the ante-nuptial agreement that allowed 1 her only $10,000 and a $500 annuity in place' of her dower rights. In the' preliminary . hearing the master -In chancery decided in favor of the widow. The litigation brought out the fact that a marriage contract was entered Into bv Isabella Robinson and John Warner, May 28, 1874. the day of their marriage, providing . that Miss Robinson when she became the wife of Mr. Warner. In lieu of her dower rights, would be given $500 a year' annuity by Mr. Warner and would be remembered in his will to the extent of $10,000. Mrs. Warner says she was caused to sign this ante-nuptial agreement through deception. Warner, she says, ' led her to believe that he was almost penniless at the time of their marriage in Kansas.' Isabella Robinson was married to John Warner after a. ro-' mantle courtship growing out-, of a railroad wreck. He died December 21. 1905. Until then the family affairs: had run smoothly. That the widow has made a good fight to break the will -in an effort to secure her dower rights Is shown by the report that she has been offered $100,000 to relinquish her fight and had refused. Vespasian War ner's charge, concerning her parent age, it is said, followed her refusal. Vespasian Warner-succeeded Eu gene Ware of Kansas as pension com missioner. in 1905.. THEY DOST BELIEVE IT. A Denial of Warner's Charge In His Stepmother's Native Town. Norwalk, O., July 25. Little credence is given here to allegations made in Clinton, 111., by Vespasian Warner, pen sion commissioner, that his stepmother, Isabella Robinson Warner, has negro blood In her veins. Her grandfather was called "Black" Robinson because he had dark skin and black curly hair. Benjamin Wickham, counsel for Mrr. Warner, said tonight that her fr.thetv Stephen Robinson, had been denied a vote prior to the Civil war becaus It was said he had negro blood In his veins. He sued the election officers ard won his suit by proving that there was no l-.egro blood In his family. Commissioner Warner was In Nor walk last spring, getting depositions for the suit filed in Clinton, III. It is said he was unable to get my testimony other than an unauthentic report that the Robinson family had negro blood.' COME IN ON TOPEKA. More Survivors of the Columbia Reach San Francisco. San Francisco, Cal., July 25. The steamer City of Topeka arrived here to day with the following survivors of th Columbia wreck: W. H. Smith, San Francisco. Miss Alma Osterberg, Cleveland, C. C. Roland, Spokane. Phil Ashford, Livermore, Cal. J. F. Kavanaugh, Oakland. H. S Keever, Denver. Mr. and Mrs. H. H. Decker, Tesla, Cal. Mrs H. C. Shaw, Stockton. A. Winkelbeck Dunn, Poplar Bluff. Mo. Miss Lulu Hansen, Minneapolis. Members o the Columbia's crew who arrived on the same vessel were W. T. Lawrence. J. J. Fogarty, A. St. Clair, C. E. Nolan, R. Engman and Purser Byrnes. WASTED $15,000. LORishUtire Would Not Do What Gov ernor Hughes Desired. Albany, N. T., July 25. The extraor dinary session of the legislature ad journed last evening after an eventful day. The direct nominations bill rec ommended by the governor, which was defeated by amendment the last day of the regular session, was beaten on the assembly floor. So was the Page bill, which would have permitted the punish ment for contempt of persons refusing Information to nonjudicial Investigating bodies. This also was recommended by the governor. The cost of the extra aes flon as computed by the comptroller was $15,000, and a bill appropriating that amount for the purpose was passed by both houses. The senate confirmed all the pending nominations by the governor.