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THE TOPEKA DAILY STATE JOURNAL FRIDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 18, 1908.
THE KAWCUT-OFF As Supplemental Channel Dar ing Great Floods Approved by Government Engi neers In Report Received. CITY ENGINEER'S PLAN Does Away "With Expensive Idea Raising Melan Arch. More in Line With Natural Solution. The official government report on the flood situation in the city of Topeka was received at the office of Mayor Green this morning and gave the com plete plans and specifications of the Ideas of the government engineers. They conform with the condensed re port given by City Engineer Rogers at a council meeting long ago and elabor ate on a few of the plans invented by the city engineer. The government engineers paid a great compliment to Topeka's city en gineer when they approved the plans of the latter in constructing a supple mentary channel for the Kaw and in this manner preventing the terrible destruction of the annual floods. Not long ago City Engineer Rogers gave out the information that the Kan sas river could be dammed for an ov erflow at the break of 1904 and an over flow canal be constructed from this break straight across the north end of North Topeka and into the original bed again. This big experiment looked rather pipe dreamy to the city at first on account of the apparent mammoth cost but since the flood question has received so much attention and has brought out so many new phases the idea has been given a serious thought and to many it looks as though the un dertaking will be carried out in the near future. A Natural Cutoff. During the late floods Mr. Rogers has noticed that the Kaw has taken a nat ural flood course on the other side of North Topeka. It broke through a half mile west and followed a low piece of ground straight east to the next bend of the river. It is well known fact that the velocity of a water course is the most important factor in its disposal. If the plans of Mr. Rogers were fol lowed out the river would have a ve locity four times the present current and as much more water could be ac commodated. It would be necessary to make a concrete dam on the river at the point of overflow. This dam should be high enough to keep the water in the regu lar bed at its normal stages and the new channel would be a dry bed. When the river rose to danger point the dam would overflow and the surplus water would be cut off at this place and fol-1 low the canal to the river again about 1 miles In length. The water would have a bee line course through this ca nal and would have no hindrances. In other words where the regular river bed is 3 miles in length the new Chan nel would cut off over half of the flood flow. This proposition was approved in the government report this morning but it was hinted that it might be too ex pensive. However, the government 'en gineers did not know the land values or the conditions of the cutoff. In fact they are not supposed to know these facts of, the case, it is not in their Dusiness. The land affected by the canal is not valuable. It is low and uncultivated and has always acted as a. mud hole and water basin. When the river over flowed during the flood this canal was the natural course for it to follow ana as a result every flood has made the valley deeper and the land less valua ble. To procure this land would b lit tle trouble and little expense compared with the expense of dredging the river, raising the bridges, broadening the channel and forming levees and.dikef. Some have complained about the new bridge system which would have to be used to cover this overflow. It must be remembered that only during great floods would the channel be in use. The rest of the time it would be a dy sink and could be spanned easily by the two bridges which be necessary. At Cen tral avenue the old bridge which will be removed some time this spring could serve the purpose. The city and county could buy ten bridges at the cost of raising the Melan and condemning all of the property in the bottoms and near the river banks. Wliat Bridge Elevation Means. There are many reasons why the government report which calls for the raising and lengthening of all the bridges across the Kaw, is entirely out of the means of the city treasury. If the Melan bridge be raised thirteen feet, for instance, and lengthened 576 feet, it would be necessary to put all of the manufacturing district near the river, on a level with the river bank itself. The Wolff packing house would be down under the bridge and all of the plants along the river would be out of protection consideration. Then take the Rock Island and feanta Fe yards. If the Rock Island raised its bridge thirteen feet and added on 670 feet the whole yards and terminals would have to be raised and the grades changed for miles. The stations them selves would be under the level of tha yards and to pull out the Rock Island station would almost require a "push er" and a freight train could not stop near the yard limit without using every bit of air in the cylinders. The Union Pacific would be in the same fix and millions of dollars would be required to remedy the evil and then another 1903 flood would probably come along and destroy it all. As one man said this morning: "It would take a span from College Hill to the bluffs to allow another 1903 flood, to pass un der." The flood discharge in 1903 was 271.600 feet per second. The average slope of the present river for 20 miles is 1.1883 of a foot. This is not a very strenuous slope and does not oaise any waterfalls or steep inclines. The aver age width of the bank line for twenty miles, according to the government statistics. Is 1027 feet. The average width of the river is 927 feet. Taking the figures in round numbers a width of 1,000 feet and depth of 30.3 feet at a velocity of 8.97 feet per second the new flood height above low water would be ?K .1 feet and the levee height should be three feet more' or 2S.3 feet. This will ITive an idea of the tremendous task of disposing of the water. Government Survey Valuable. A supplementary channel would have to carry nearly as much again as now passes under the Melan bridge but in fir r : 1 i ; . 1 w$ 1 A Suit Like this cut stylish, snappy, well tailored, strictly all wool, in. brown, green, stone and mineral shades cassimers worst ed and blue serges, $15 In bargain stores the same grades are displayed as $25.00, $28.00 and $30.00 values for $20.00 special, we save you , $5.00 vr.y V Fine Fur Caps Plush Caps $1.50 to $3.00 $5.00 Dress Gloves The $1.00 kind here make a present you will not be ashamed to give. Special Gift Box Free. Silk and Linen, plain and initial Handkerchiefs 12l2c to $1.00 Men's Neckwear Wide or narrow shapes in the beautiful iouv-t in-hands. Bargain stores show them as 50c and 75c wi V values for 29r ff' special, here w-Jw . . - v M-- Mufflers In any shape, , shade, style " and material, 50c to $5 Christmas Suspenders In special souve nir boxes. Presi d e n t and other makes. Shown elsewhere as 50c and 75c cut values for 39c. 7Cr Priced here Solid Leather Suit Case, Regular Size, $4.00 Watch Us Grow. Watch Our Business Methods Win. C.OTHl5 Just Received In today's ex press from the KNOX HAT CO. their new "Christmas Numbers " in Derby Hats. $3.50 flood times not very much water is able to pass under this bridge. A whole lot more goes around it. The government reports say that the new channel would have to be 600 fee.t wide and 27 feet deep with the banks care fully revetted. This looks rathe? seri- Now Is the Time to Buy Your Boy a Christmas Present Stevens Ltttle Scont Rifle No. 14 No. 14. .22 Rim Fire, 18 Jnch Round Barrel, weight 2 Vx lbs., sights open, rear and Ger man silver knife edge front. The simplest rifle made and has the "STEVENS ACCURACY" Shoots the .22 long rifle It. F., .22 short, .22 long black or smokeless. We will have-on sale Saturday morning 50 Rifles, some as cut that can be used In thia country for rabbit, squirrel and target shooting, also for farmers to shoot hogs when butchering. And will shoot anything from a BB to a 22 lorg rifle shot. They will last a life time if taken care of. Price $1.95 each. Smokeless Shot Gun Shells 50c per box. Sporting Goods F. A. BAUMAN 215 Kansas Ave. 2Se Mm BJji to Santa Claus March, 15c By Mail 16c New the March for Holidays Come and hear these numbers. ' On Sale One Week 15c a copy By MaU 16c VOCAIi You're In the Right Church but the Wrong Pew. Bon Bon Buddy Anv Old lace in Yankee Land Is Good Enough for Me. In Mv Old Home. Sheath Gown in Dark Town. It Looka Like a Big Night ToniKht. I Wish I Had a GirL I Want Someone to Call Ma Dearie. Sweetheart Days. Mandy Lane. My Rosie Rambler. Are You Sincere. Sweet Nora Dare. Pride of the Prairie. I VOCAL Don't Forget to Drop a Line to Mother. I'm Afraid to Come Home in the Dark. I I'sed to Be Afraid to Go Home in the Dark, Now I'm Afraid to Go Home at All. Xew). Daisies Won't Tell. DreaminK. Naughty Eyes. I'd Rather Two Step Than Waltz. Bill. Meet Me in the Rose Time, Rosie. When I Marry You. Rainbow. School Days. Over on the Jersey Side. Dear Heart. - VOCAL There's No Moon Like the Honey Moon. Salome Jackson. INSTRUMENTAL Santa Claus March. La Sorelia. Great hit. Fluffy Ruffles. Rag. Balo. New Rag. Facination. Intermezzo. Black and White. Rag. Rainbow. Two Step. Montezuma. Mt.rch. Moon Winks. Popular. Melodv of Love. Interme. ChaDel in the Forest On the Beautiful Rhine. (Waltz.) Fall'iner Waters. Sunlterht Waltz. (Easy.) E. B. GUILD MUSIC CO. 727 Kansas Ave. Kranich & Bach, Story &. Clark, Hardman & Schiller Piano. ous but nature has provided for prac tically all of this and Topeka would simply have to construct the bridges and make a few alterations in the depth. This would cost little compared with the work on the main channel. The government reports ret ived by Mayor Green are very valuable to the city. Engineer Rogers said this morn ing: "We can use them to a great ad vantage. They will give us bearings on future work and although they are very expensive plans and call for much labor and sacrifice, the city appreciates their value and correctness." Their advice as to the construction of levees was good. They said in pari: "The levee should be eight feet wide on top and should be sodded or revetted on "the river slope. It should be three feet above expected regulated flood. The levee should extend up the rlve to such a point where the correct flood slope would strike the present ryrik line. Width of the levee along the city could be advantageously Increased for driveway and other public uses." Taken all in all the report of the gov ernment engineers Is of great value to the city and will be used for all future reference and the base for future plans. DROPPED DEAD ON STEPS Monroe Brltton, & Plumber, Died of Heart Disease While at Work. Monroe Britton, a colored plumber in the employ of the States Plumbing company, dropped dead at 9:45 o'clock this morning While working at 514 West Sixth avenue. E. J. Cavenough who was working on the same Job found Britton and called Coroner Keith. The body was removed to the under taking establishment of Stonestreet & Hamilton, where Dr. Keith held a po mortem examination and found. t')it the man had died of heart trouble. The heart was much -enlarged and blood vessels had broken. Britton had been doing the heavy work of digging which overtaxed his heart. He had been un der the house working when Mr. Cav enough was upstairs. As Cavenough came down stairs he found the dead man at the foot. Britton had evidently become ill and sat down to rest on the steps where he fell. Mr. Britton leaves a widow and a grown daughter. They came to Topeka a number of years ago from Marshall county, Tennessee. Since that time he has worked for several of the plumbing firms in the city, nearly Ave years with Conklin & Gustafson. He had been with his present employer but a mol'h. The Sons and Daughters of Jacob, to which xorganization Britton belongs, wil conduct the funeral. CENTRAL AVENUE BRIDGE City and County KeacU Agreement for Reconstruction. RAMER'S Delicious Chocolates in Christmas Boxes 40c a Pound We have a quantity of Ea rner's genuine high grade deli cious chocolates, with heavy coatings and rich cream cen ters. J v- For the holiday trade we will make a specialty on them at the above low price. They are assorted flavors and the boxes . are decorated in true Christ mas style. The city public works committee, composed of Councilmen C. E. Jordan, W. G. Tandy and City En gineer Rogers together with Mayor Green met with the board of county oommissioners at the court house this morning and came together on a nronosition that will be of great benefit to the city of Topeka as well- as Shawnee county. The meeting was to consider the Central avenue bridge question in North Topeka where the dikes are being built at this time and where the old bridge is practically worthless for use when the dikes are completed. , "The Central avenue bridge over Soldier creek will be reconstructed as soon as the plans and contracts can be let," said the city engineer this morning. "The county commission ers have promised to pay half the cost of construction and the city will pay the rest." Since the dikes have been in action in North Topeka the drainage board has confronted the city with another Soldier creek problem. The dikes will be seven feet In the air at the en trance of the bridge and it necessitates the raising of the bridge and the pavement The city has taken up the pavement at this point and piled it to the side awaiting the finishing of the dikes and the prob lem of raising the bridge has brought out the fact that a new structure is absolutely necessary to span the big trenches and reach the pavement. It has been planned to make the bridge almost twice as long and allow one end to rest ori the dikes. The other end will rest on the original bank. The bridge in use at the present time is out of date and to make matters worse has the inverted trusses. These1 All the popular brands of ci gars in holiday boxes at $1.00 Per Box. Brenker'sPharmacy 609 North Kansas Avenue. ;M JCl. THE "CLASSIC" Tke "CLASSIC" A. new design la the famous COMMUNITY SILVER- anc Its simplicity, grace Beauty justify its name. Best eilver-platecl ware made, as enown by U. S. Government aasayer's test. SHOWN ONLY HERE W. A. L. THOMPSON HARDWARE CO. 511-513 KANSAS AVENUE trusses form a regular dam to the water and floating debris. At the meeting this morning the city and county came together on every detail of the bridge and decided to place a new up to date modern single span at this place. It will be useful for every purpose. It will also be straightened to conform with the direction of Central avenue and the ugly curve at this place will be a thing of the past. It is necessary that the work on the bridge commence at once. The bridge is used by the residents of a vast ter ritory northwest of the city and if the dikes are allowed to precede the work on the bridge these people will find it necessary to make a roundabout tour of several miles before they can cross the creek. r Pure Food Bakery AS The State Journal of December J 4th denounced competitors fake advertis ing, we only wish to say one thing: That the public that wishes to inspect our shop will not come in contact with living nor sleeping rooms. Facts are that a hall way big enough for anybody connects shop with store. Yours for fair play, French Bakery 823 Kansas Avenue NEGRO IS HAXGED. Pays Penalty fop Assault Cpon Young White Girl. Charlotte, N. C, Dec. 18. Will Graham, .a negro, was hanged today at Concord, K. C, for attempted criminal assault upon a 16-year-old white girl. The negro when arrested, narrowly escaped lynching, 2,000 peo ple, mostly mill workers, marching upon the Concord jail, but he was protected by several companies of the national guard. , what Liver or Bowel medicine you are u.ing, stop it now. Get a lOo box week's treatment of CAS CARETS today from your druggist and learn how easily, naturally and delightfully your liver can be made to work, and your bowels move every day. There's new life in every box. CASCARETS are nature's helper. You will aee the difference! ggj CASCARETS loc a box for a week's treatment, all drupgists. Biggest seller in the world. Million boxes a month. Christmas Trees Green Rope, Ferns, Fancy New Sorts Home - Grown Healthy, vigorous, and the right color to please. HUBBARD'S 520 Kansas Avenue 520 Phone Independent- 42, Bell 15 Everybody reads the State Journal. I 1