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10 PAGES READS IT. EVERYBODY J NEEDS IT. LAST EDITION. THURSDAY EVENING. TOPEKA, KANSAS, DECEMBER 31, 1908. THURSDAY EVENING. TWO CENTS. h i i NEW HORRORS. Starvation and Pestilence Threaten Survivors Left by Earthquake, Fire and Water in Sicily. IX PALMI CEMETERY Were Hurled 2,200 Bodies in One Day. W hole Regiment of Soldiers Re ported Drowned. Rome. Dec. 31. To the terrifying Spectacle of death caused by- Monday's earthquake has now been added the horror of starvation and the fear of a spread of pestilence. In the ruins of Messina, Reggio and various towns In Sirily and Caiabria lie the bodies of the dead which it has been impos sible to extricate, while everywhere thousands of hungry and homeless persons throng the littered thorough fares. Words are inadequate to ex press the horror of the ruin and desolation that has overwhelmed Calabria and Sicily, where the earth's trembling and fire and water have combined to change the smiling, verdant country into deserts. Messina exists no longer, and at least 30 years will be necessary to repair the ruin that nature's violences have wrought there. As yet it has been found im possible to obtain any news of the fate of the little villages along the coast, many of which it is believed have been entirely wiped out. In many cases entire buildings have been swept out to sea and no trace of them remains. Flourishing villages have been willed out of existence. In some of the smaller towns such as l'aimi near Monteleone. the sudden ness and the completeness of the catastrophe was overwhelming. Of the 14 000 people living in Palmi. only few score are still alive today. Yesterday 2,200 corpses were buried In the cemetery there. Survivors of Palmi. reinforced by rescuers from other points, and under the lead of oldiers and doctors are performing prodigies of valor. Many of them have been overcome by the awful con ditions under which they are work ing. The bishop of Morabito and priests with touching devotion and courage have done much to preserve order by the example of calmness and self denial they have given the people. They arc busy carrying comfort and consolation to the dying and the bereaved. The first of the survivors of Reggio to reach Catanzaro were so broken down by the shock of their experiences that it was almost impossible for them to give any connected account of the eVstructlon of the city. They speak dis connectedly of whole districts swept away in a moment, and entire families annihilated1. ReKgio remains isolated in ghostly desolation. The railroads and the footpaths throughout the surround ing country have been utterly destroyed while the survivors lack food, water and medical supplies. The visit of the king and queen of Italy to Messina and Reggio has arous ed widespread enthusiasm. In spite of the universal mourning and distress the sovereigns were saluted when they disembarked by the firing of guns from the Italian and foreign war ships at Messina. As the king and his party set foot on shore they were greet ed with scenes of indescribable woe. His majesty spoke highly in praise of the Italian soldiers and the sailors from the foreign warships for their heroic work of rescue. He shook hands with several officers, saying it was his desire to be Informed of every detail of their splend id work. Accompanied by Ministers Orlando and Bertolini. he visited both Messina and Reggio, spending several hours at each place. He visited per sonally every quarter of these cities, giving words of encouragement, praise and consolation. Her majesty, the queen, talked with the wounded on board the ships in the harbor, comforted the women, spoke kindly to the children and promised as sistance. Everywhere the visit of the aovereigns has imparted fresh Impetus to the work of rescue. General Marazzi has divided the mil itary forces working in Calabria pro vince into two bodies. One is working on the Tyrrhenian coast and the other on the Ionian shore and they are con verging on Reggio. The troops are dis tributing rations to the starving people to the utmost limit of their resources. The waters of the strait of Messina are covered with the floating bodies of men and animals and all kinds of wreckage. The shores of the strait have become completely transformed in appearance. The light houses on the headlands have disappeared. - Whole licsrimcnt Drowned. Reggio. Dec. 31. There is reason to believe that an entire regiment of in fantry was drowned by tidal wave at Palmi. Three hundred of the soldiers' bodies have already been recovered. Burning the Bodies. Reggio. Calabria, Dec. 31. Aa a precautionary measure against an outbreak of pestilence the bodies of persons killed in the earthquake are being burned, and strong disinfec tants are being strewn among the ruins of the city. The troops have set up field kit chens and are baking bread in the fttreets. Strong guards have been placed over clothing and provision Mores- in order to prevent their be ing pillaged. Long term prisoners have been em barked on board the battleship Napoli and others have been sent home. Experience of a Survivor. Rome, Dec. 31. King Victor Em manuel, who left Messina last night with Queen Helena, arrived early this morning at Reggio and after visiting the town in company with the queen re-embarked on a warship and sent the following wireless telegram to Premier Oiolitti: "I return from Reggio, which I found in a condition no less disas trous than that at Messina, The pre fect of Reggio says that grave injury has been done to the communities of his province. "A Russian warship with 500 wounded on board will arrive at Naples this morning and everything must be prepared for their landing i and housing. Another Russian ship will carry wounded to fayracuse. it is desirable to nrovlde'at Narvles a Russian ship with an abundance of meaicai supplies. The Marquis Vincenzo Genoese, a refugee from Palmia. near Retre-io. in telling of his experience at the time or tne earthquake, says that he was awakened by a tremendous roar and a severe shock. It seemed as though the house was whirling round, like the wings of a windmill. The wall of his dwelling cracked and through it came a cloud of suffocating dust. Stunned, but uninjured, the marquis tried to escape to the streets, but at first he found this impossible as the stairs had collapaed with the first snock. Finally, after numerous ef forts he succeeded in getting out of a window and descending to the ground from the third story by means o a rope. Walking, he says, was difficult, ow ing to the fact that the streets were filled with debris. He helped in the work of rescue and in a short time had assisted in dragging from be neath the ruins in the street eighty six persons, all of them dead. The faces of every one of them, he says, showed the agony they suffered in death. Many of them had their arms across their faces, as though to pro tect themselves from the falling de bris. It was neoepparv to release the prisoners at Palmi, and many of them succeeded in making their escape. The Marquis Genoese said he tried in every wav to enter the town of Reggio, but his efforts were useless. He compared Monday's earth shock with the disturbances of 1894. and 1905, and said it was immeasurably worse. In fact, he declared, Palmi was absolutely destroyed. Fiht for Food. Messina, Dec. 31. A .frightful scene occurred here today amid the ruins of the customs house. Bands of famished individuals were grop ing among the debris in the hope of discovering food. The first of the searchers who were successful were attacked by others with revolvers and. knives, and were obliged to de fend their finds literally with their live.". The struggle was fierce. The famished men threw themselves up on each other like wolves and sev eral fel! disemboweled in defending a handful of dry beans or a few ounces of flour. One of the unfor tunates was pinned to a plank by a knife, while clinging to his hand was his little child, for whom he had sought food. Only the Landlord Escaped. Paris. Dec. 31. A special dispatch received here from Rome says that ninety-six guests, including Ameri cans, English and French travelers, were staying at the Hotel Trinacria, at Messina, when the city was de stroyed. They all perished. The proprietor of the Trinacria alone es caped. There are only two survivors of tho guests, who were quartered in the Hotel do France. Survivors Are leaving. London. Dec. 31. A special dispatch from Palermo today says it is esti mated that up to this morning nearly 100.000 persons had been . embarked on the warships and other vessels in the straitrhts of Messina. or nave other left the devastated district. A U. the towns and villages along the wrnisht are raDidlv becoming depopu lated as there are widespread tears of further convulsions. c-nes of the weirdest nature are being enacted at Messina and other ruined cities. Grim messages reached Palermo to the effect that clouds of crows have descended on the stricken district, having crossed the sea in re sponse to some mysterious intuition of the disaster. In Messina the rescuers frequently encounter processions of naked persons bearing images of the saims. It is exceedingly difficult to rtpnl wirh these frenzied survivors. According to reports brought in by priests, the town of Scilia. near the famous rock of the same name, has completely disappeared, and owing to the topographical alterations even its site has vanished. Rnclics of Cheneys Not Found. Malta, Dec. 31. A wireless dis natch received here from Messina says that the bodies of Arthur S. Cheney, American consul at Messina, and Mrs. rhpnv have not yet been re covered. The British cruiser Philomel left for Messina today, carrying all the avail able doctors and medicines and sur gical appliances. British sufferers from the earthquake will be brought here. Service of Ships Donated. Berlin, Dec. 31. Emperor William has ordered the German cruiser Hertha and the school ship Victoria Luisa now in the Mediterranean, to be used for the transportation of food and 'blankets to the earthquake suf ferers. Cables for Help. Pittsburg. Pa.. Dec. 31. Peter Angelo, a city detective. today re ceived a cablegram from his sister from an Italian port saying: "Home wiped out. but all the family is safe. In great want for food. No money or anything els left." Angelo immediately pawned his Jewelry and sent $300 to his relatives. Anxiety is felt here over the prob able fate of Miss D. W. Tindle and Mrs. R. P. Kelly, who left Naples on Christmas for Sicily. James R. Tindle, a brother of Miss Tindle. is a son-in-law of Senator P. C. Knox. Other Pittsburgers believed to have been in the vicinity of the quake are Mrs. Julia Goldsmith. Attorney McKelvy and daughter, Marie; Joseph Polifrom of the First National bank. Philip Randall and a great number of prom inent and wealthy Italian merchants of this city. Naval Rations for Destitute. New York, Dec. 31. The United States naval supply ship Celtic will sail irom mis pori iuua iui .wAnta. with 1.500.000 of navy rations for the Italian earthquake sufferers. The ra tions were in' ended to supply the bat tleship fleet but the navy department has authorized their delivery to the destitute Italians and Sicilians. The United States Steel corporation today contributed 25.000 to the Red Cross for the Italian earthquake suf ferers. The Standard Oil company s contri bution to the same fund is $10,000. Mrs. Russell Sage gave $5,000 to the mayor's fund. FLEET TO THE RESCUE. American Battleships Probably AViU Go to Aid of the Stricken. Washing;on, Dec. 31. The great American battleship fleet, built for purposes of destruction, may after all have to go down in history as one of the greatest humanitarian agents in modern times. Not content with the outpourings of private charity, it is probable that the American govern- (Continued on Page Six.) ARE LEF1JL0NE. The Oklahoma Prison Investi gators Go Home. Will Return to the Work on January 9. KAJfSAJfS STILL THERE Will Take Testimony of the Prisoners Today. Warden Haskell Opens Gates to Investigators. Leavenworth, Kan., Dec. 11. The committee appointed by Governor Has kell of Oklahoma and Governor Hoch of Kansas for the investigation of the Kansas state prison at Lansing have began their inquiry at the prison. Kansas AVU1 See It Through. The Oklahoma investigators left last night and will return January 9, after the opening of the legislature at Guth rie. Meanwhile the Kansas committee will continue with their inquiry. Today was spent by the committee in the gen eral inspection of the institution. It is probable that the, testimony of the con victs will be taken todav and it is said that ex-convicts will be called before the committee. The investigation fol lows tne tiling of charges of cruelty in prison government and discrimination against the Oklahoma prisoners by Miss tvate barnard, commissioner of chari ties in the new state. Coburn Was for Action. Secretary Coburn. who was chosen chairman of the joint committee, asked the stenographer to say that he. per sonally, was opposed to dragging out me investigation in this way. i came here with these other gentle men as a representative of the gover nor, as his agent, to make a thorough Investigation and report our finding to mm Detore his term of office expires," said Mr. Coburn, "and I certainly object to any delay." But tlie Oklalionians Got Cold Feet. The two committees met at 2 o'clock at the prison. Warden Haskell met the members at the front gate and conduct ed them to the directors' room on the top floor of the prison where formal introductions were made. F. D. Coburn called the meeting to order and an nounced that the Kansas committee was willing to Join forces with the Ok lahoma delegates and -work as a Joint committee and bring in a joint report if that idea struck the Oklahoma gentle men favorably. Judge Connors for Ok lahoma agreed to this arrangement and nominated Mr. Coburn for permanent chairman. Mr. Coburn was elected by acclamation. - Prof; Blackmar was nom inated by an Oklahoma delegate for sec retary and was elected unanimously. The suggestion of Mr. Gildav of Kansas that Miss Barnard be brought before tne committee was withdrawn when Attorney General West intimated that Oklahoma did not care to have Miss Barnard appear further in the investi gation. Descended Into the Mine. Dr. Sheldon. Prof. Blackmar and Dr. Crumbine and others urged that some immediate tep toward an investigation be made. A resolution was then adopt ed whereby it was agreed that a brief joint inspection of the mine be made this afternoon and adjournment then be taken until January 7. Mr. Coburn announced that the Kansas delegation would remain and make its investiga tion independent of the Oklahoma com mittee. The delegates then went to the prison mine. Almost half of them got cold feet at the top of the shaft when they learned it was 800 feet deep. Sec retary Coburn, Rev. Mr. Sheldon, Gen eral West, Prof. Blackmar and the two mine inspectors and a few others were dressed in long blue mother hubbards with white caps and went down into the mines. They walked south a mile to the working face which is three miles long. They tested the air and ased hundreds of questions. The Okla homa delegation left at 7 o'clock and the Kansas delegation stayed at the prison to visit the night school. Mr. Coburn took the committee to a hotel at Lansing for supper. He said in ex planation of this: "It would not be proper for us to accept the hospitality of the warden. For his good as well as the sake of the investigation we want to give absolutely no opening for a charge that any whitewash is being used. We want to look into every nook and cranny and ask all kinds of ques tions. We are going to pro"be this mat ter to the very bottom and our com mission gives us almost unlimited pow er." The Kansas committee came to town late tonight and will resume the in vestigation in the morning. Warden Haskell's Statement. Speaking of the Bernard charges Warden Haskell said: "It has been our purpose and aim to reduce punishment to the minimum and we bel've that our form of punishment here to be as humane and nerciful and in any other institution where a like numbr of men are confined. A man that refuses to work is either confined in a solitary cell made for that purpose and given rock to break and fed in proportion to the work he does, or is handcuffed to a bar in the cell house with his hands in a natural position during working hours or until he w-ill promise to con form with the rules and regulations of the prison. For fighting, we have fre quently had those who fought hand cuffed together in a cell until they made up their differences and agreed to work together in harmony. The crib is something that has been in use here for a great many years, but which we have used but little and recently took it from the room where it was kept as we thought the room more desirable for other purposes, although I should have left it there had I anticipated this investigation. "In regard to the so-called water cure which has been used only in a very few instances, and then only on Incorrigible prisoners, it consists of handcuffing a man and confining him in a sitting posture and turning water on him from an ordinary garden hose. The water was never forced down his mouth, neither did it ever result in any physical injury, it always being used under the directions of the prison physician. I believe this to be a hu mane form of punishment, but it has been abandoned here on account of the repugnance many have for it on ac count of its misuses in some other places, especially tho punishment which has been inflicted upon some soldiers in the army. We wish you to take into consideration the class of prisoners which were being received here." Crumbine Gets, in the Game. Dr. S. J. Crumbine this morning personally examined an unusually large number or men who- reported sick. He promptly charged number with shamming, and ordered them sent to the- mines. Later the committee made a trip through the prison, talking informally with the prisoners. They ate lunch with the prisoners and pronounced the food good. The committee today wired Attorney General Fred S. Jackson at Toneka. to come to Jjeavenwortn ana act in the capacity of master. It is desired to put all the w-itnesses under oath. RATE DAY OBSERVED. Mass Meetings in Over SO Cities and Tonus in California. San Francisco. Dec. 31. With the adoption of resolutions declaring the proposed increase of transcontinental freight rates to be unjust and a dis crimination against California ship pers, both importers and exporters. "rate day" was observed throughout the state by enthusiastic mass meet ings In thirty odd cities and towns. Thousands of shippers, small in dependent dealers as well as the large companies with wide spread connec tions, joined i giving voice to a unanimous protest- against what is termed the exaction; of an unjust and unreasonable tax from the industries of this state. The new rate, which becomes effective January 1, 1909, were prepared - by the trans continental freight bureau which is composed of representatives of all roads doing business to and from the state and it is estimated by the ship pers that the new figures will mean an increase in railroad revenues of ten million dollars annually. The resolutions ad-opted . at the meetings yesterday assert that if the railroads are operating at a loss the shippers will take legal means to as certain the exact amount of the deficit. They further state that if the high rates are not withdrawn steps will be taken to enjoin the railroads from collecting them. The resolutions also call the attention of the na tional government to the fact that the rates of the Panama railroad are de termined by the transcontinental roads. i SEES A BIG CRASH. Street Railway Official Warns the Public Against Baiting,'. Chicago, Dec. 31. In the Electric Railway journal of New York, ap pears an article by Charles W. Weston of the South Side Elevated railroad of Chicago assisting the public to what is termed a proper appreciation of the transportation - problem. Unless there comes a better understanding soon Mr. Weston declares "there inevitably awaits a crash which will send financial interests jnto chaos from which no man will say . when thev will emerge." Demagogues and self-exploiters are blamed by Mr. Weston for creating all the popular clamor against public corporations. The peril to corporations, says he. "is not of sudden or recent origin. It began to take form many years ago. What was then a sort of vague, mist like danger, seen only as some far-off possibility, today becomes a well-de veloped destroyer, thundering at the door of every street car line in the Union. Mr. Weston admits that the public is not wholly blameable, as the cor porations have not taken the proper steps to enlighten it on the subject. He intimates that some bad corpora tions in the past have been at fault, but says times have changed and the public utility corporations today have no other motive than a desire to as sist in the betterment of the world. FIGHT WITH ROBBERS. Citizens and Thieves Exclmnge 200 Shots Nobody Hurt. Muskogee, Dec. 31. Five robbers dynamited the bank at Wellston, Okla.. east of here, and after exchanging shots with the citizens escaped with $5,000. No one was hurt. The robbers. heavily armed, rode into Wellston after midnight. They erected a barb wire barricade around the bank and while some members of the gang went to work on the bank safe, others stood guard. The citizens were soon up in arms and a lively exchange of shots with the robbers roilowed. The roo bers, however, were well armed and protected, and for two hours they stood off the citizens while their comrades worked on the bank's vault. When they finally succeeded in securing the money it contained the five men rode off. It is believed two hundred shots were exchanged, but no one is believed to have been hurt. To the People of Kansas. The legislature will convene in regu lar session within the next two weeks. The TOPEKA STATE JOURNAL Is the official state publication, and will ac cordingly publish the new laws, as well as report in detail each day the work of both the house and senate. It will be the only paper to publish the new laws and amendments made ef fective on publication in the official state paper. Accordingly, the STATE JOURNAL is naturally the paper you and your friends will want for legislative news. The rate by mail for the daily is 30 cents per month. 60 cents for two months, 90 cents for three months, $1.00 for 100 calendar days, $1.80 for six months, $3.60 per year. Teachers Party to Europe. Summer 1909 combining culture and recreation. Write the Chautauqua Tours, Appleton, Wisconsin. The Crank. "You say there is nearly always something broke about your auto mobile?" "Yes," answered Mr. Chugging, nervously. "What is it, as a rule?" "Me." Washington Star. Weather Indications.. Chicago, Dec. 31. Forecast for Kansas: Snow tonight or Friday, with rising temperature. POLITICALGOSSIP F. J. Altwager Has Some Ideas on Bank Deposits. Thinks That No New Law Is Necessary. AMRINE IS HERE. Favors Carrying Out Party Pledges Strictly. Senator Long Arrives in Topeka From Washington. F. J. Altswager, treasurer of Reno county, spent part of the week in the city and in an interview gave his idea of a settlement of the all important problem of the guarantee of bank de posits which threatens to consume many days of debate and deliberation in the next legislature. Mr. Altswager's plan, he says, will guarantee the safety of .banks without the enactment of any new laws, being merely the enforcement of laws now on the statute books. The law, as is well known, provides for the double liability of all holders of bank stock in case of failure, but it is often evaded and for various reasons rarely enforced effectively. Mr. Alt swager would place restrictions about tnis clause of the law which would make a stockholder in a bank nothing more nor less than a bondsman for that bank to the extent of double the amount of the stock he holds. This stockholder would have to certify to the proper offi cial that he was worth in real estate. or other holdings acceptable as a bond. clou Die the amount of the stock he ac quires, and these would be tied up as long as he held that bank stock and would therefore be at hand and accessa ble at once for the receiver settling up the affairs of that mank. j 'Take for instance," said Mr. Alts wager, today, in discussing the matter, "a bank that is capitalized at $100,000 and has deposits totaling a half million dollars. That bank fails. Well, there is $200,000 at hand in assets for the re ceiver in capital stock besides the 20 per cent reserve fund demanded by law, ; $300,000 in all. Now there never was a bank failure that did not pay 30 to 40 cents on the dollar in any case after the crash, so there is your $500,000 in deposits accounted for and all of the many objections of the guarantee de posit law done away with. There is no combination of banks such as might come to pass in a guarantee association. Each bank stands alone on its own bot tom and yet the rigid enforcement of this old double liability law makes it sure that the bank will pay out dollar for dollar in a very short time. 'Another important feature in con nection with this .plan is the fact that stockholders and directors, would, if they knew they would absolutely have to pay double the amount of their stock holdings in' cash, pay much closer at tention to the workings and business methods of their bank and the actions of its officers and thus reduce the pos sibility of failure to a minimum." M.' F. Amrine of Council Grove, representative-elect from Morris county. spent the day in the city. Mr. Amrine is publisher of the council Grove Guard and well known In this section of the state. He favors carrying out the pledges of the party and in this regard wants a guarantee deposit bill that will be effective and fulfill both the letter and spirit of that pledge. He is in clined to believe that there will be more trouble in reaching an agreement on this measure in the next legislature than the average reader would be led to believe from reading the almost unanimous endorsement of the measure by the members-elect. "All of them might favor the measure," said Mr Amrine, "but there is sure to be a dif ference of opinion between the extreme radicals who would go to the point of crippling the banks and the conserva tives who are too friendly with the banks and bankers and place the lat ter's interests above that of the peo ple." Mr. Amrine has some very practical ideas in regard to good roads legisla tion. He does not favor an additional tax for good roads, but rather favors making permanent road improvements with the present sum of money now spent by the state for this purpose. He said: "Take a township that spends $10,000 in ten years for road" work, which is an average example, and you cannot, at the end of that time find anything to show for the expenditure; but $10,000 spent on good roads in one township under the direction of some one who knows how to build a good road along permanent lines, and at the end of ten years' work that township will have good roads to show for the same sum it has always spent without results. That is the kind of good roads legislation that I shall favor." Mr. Amrine will likely introduce a bill that will in the end prove a great advertisement for old grasshopper-ridden, drouth-stricken Kansas, being a measure providing for the paying off of the state debt of some half million dollars by a tax levy of one-sixth of a mill for this purpose. This levy would wipe the slate clean at the end of two years, and then Kansas could truly boast' that it was the only state in the union free of debt. That would hold the easterners for a minute while it Jarred them at the same time. H W. Shideler of Girard. representative-elect from the Twenty-third dis trict of Crawford county, was in the city today looking for a room during the next session. Mr. Shideler had no pet measure at this time that he want ed to talk about, but he will vote for the carrying out of the G. O. P. pledges made during the last campaign. As is well known, the state is its own insurance company so far as the enarantee against fire loss to the ten -million dollars worth of state prop erty is concerned. In other words not one of the state's buildings are in sured against loss by fire. If a build ing is burned the state figures that it can assume the risk and make good the loss cheaper than by turning the responsibility over to some insurance company. In speaking of the matter today State Auditor Nation could call to mind no material loss by fire that the state has suffered during the last ten years to any of its numerous buildings in ail sections of the state. Now the premiums that the state Would had to have paid during that period if it had carried insurance on all its property would have totaled over a half million dollars at ordinary rates. So if four or five buildings valued at $100,000 each, should burn down in the next few days the state could pay for the loss, which is to say, replace the buildings with new ones, and still be out less money than if she had carried insurance during the past quarter of a century and be able to collect the full value of these losses from the insurance companies. As it is, up to date, the state has saved the half million or more in clear profit, but it has been very fortunate in having no fire of consequence dur ing all that long period. The abstracters of Kansas are even more strongly opposed to the adoption of the Torrens system of land registra tion and transfer than the real estate men are in favor of the proposed law. Senator Chester I. Long arrived in Topeka last night from Chicago, where he had been called on busi ness from Washington during the holiday recess of the national con gress. He came here at attend the banquet of the Saturday Night club tonight, at which function he is listed as one of the speakers. The senior senator had nothing particular to say about affairs at the national capital, but when asked about the revival of the rumors that he was to be a mem ber of Taft's cabinet, he smiled and replied: "There is nothing to it." MILLION FOR WINE. Disaster in Sicily Will Have Little Effect on New York. New York, Dec. 31. With the usual predictions as to a million dollar wine bill incident to the gaiety in hotel and cafe, New York awoke today prepared for New Year's eve and the riotous celebration which always characterizes the occasion in the city. Although the disaster in Italy has had the effect of saddening the Italian residents, indi cations are that despite the horrors abroad. Broadway and the theater dis trict will revel and celebrate as usual. Various and many merrymaking de vices have been installed in the big hotels of the city where for weeks in advance prominent personages and others less prominent engaged tables, and the clink of glasses will sound as 1908 slinks away and the new year, 1909, bursts in, accompanied by the sounds of steam whistles, bells and mingled cries from human throats. Early this morning venders of noise making machines and confetti made their appearance on the streets, but the "Ticklers" men were not much in evidence. Police Commissioner Bing ham having ruled that there shall be no "tickling" along the Great White Way. No rowdyism, just a good wholesome time, is Mr. Bingham's plan for the night. Whether his defi nition of a New Year's celebration will be upheld by the great throng which packs the streets remains to be seen. MATHUES IS DEAD. One Pennsylvania Capitol Grafter Escapes Prison Term. Media., Pa., Dec. William L. Mathues, 46 years old, former . state treasurer of Pennsylvania, died late yesterday at his home here. The cause of death was given by his physician as pneumonia, but it is generally be lieved that this illn J was superin duced by Mr. Mamues's troubles brought upon him by the Harrisburg capitol graft cases and his recent sen tence of two years in the penitentiary for his part in the alleged conspiracy against the state. MERCURY TAKES A DROP. Gets Down to 13 Degrees But Soon Rises. Topeka escaped the big blizzard which swept across the Dakotas and Minnesota and the greater part of the northwest during the past 4 8 hours, but has experienced a marked drop in the temperature readings during the past 2 4 hours. The mercury dropped to 17 degrees above the zero point during the early morning hours and remained stationary until after day light. At 7 o'clock it recorded 17 but during the next three-quarters of an hour took a sudden drop and between 7 and 8 o'clock registered 13.9 the minimum for the past 24 hours. By 8 o'clock it had again climbed back to the 17 notch where it re mained for an other hour and by slow but steady climbing reached 20 at 2 o'clock. A piercing 6 mile an hour wind has prevailed from the east since morning with no sunshine and the forecast indicates rain or snow, probably snow, during the next 24 hours with a rise in the tempera ture. The following were the temperatures since 7 o'clock this morning: 7 o'clock 17 11 o'clock 18 8 o'clock 17 12 o'clock 20 9 o'clock 17 1 o'clock 20 10 o'clock 18 2 o'clock 21 SAMUEL. ROUDEBUSH IS DEAD. Came to Topeka Seventeen Years Ago From Carrollton. Ohio. Samuel Roudebush, aged 84 years, died early this morning at the home of his son, E. E. Roudebush, 329 Woodlawn avenue, as the result of a cold contracted several weeks ago. His death occurred at 12:20 o'clock. He had made his home with his son for several years. Mr. Roudebush came to Topeka seventeen years ago from Carrollton, Ohio. He leaves a large family, many of whom are well known and reside in Topeka. His sons are E. E. Roude bush, E. H. Roudebush and A. H. Roudebush of Topeka, J. W. Roude bush of Garfield, Wash., and S. B. Roudebush of Freedom, Ind. The de ceased also leaves two daughters. Mrs. M. J. Marshall of Memphis and Mrs. L. C. Bailey of Topeka. The funeral arrangements will be announced later. Pullman Franchise Subject to Tax. San Francisco, Dec. 31. Judge Sea well of the superior court of this city has decided that the franchise of the Pullman company is subject to taxa tion by the state of California in ex actly the same manner as that of any railroad corporation. This decision was rendered in overruling a demurrer interposed by the Pullman company to the complaint brought by State Comptroller Nye for delinquent taxes amounting with interest to $36,519. WAY MADE CLEAR Burton Has Unobstructed Path to Seat in Senate. Both Taft and Foraker With draw From the Itace. FOR SAKE OF HARMONY Each Issues a Statement Ex plaining His Course. Senior Senator Takes a Shot at the Machine. Columbus. O.. Tiff 31 Theodore E. Burton was decided upon toaay as the next United States sena tor from Ohio. Charles P. Taft. broth er of the president-elect, and Mr. Bur ton's most formidable opponent, with drew from the race and Senator For aker issued a statement later admit ting that his defeat for re-election was certain. All the minor candidates have either withdrawn or will get out of tho race. It is said that Mr. Taft will re main in virtual control of the Repub lic" ?f a"izatln and that he will have the united support of the party for the senatorship in 1911 if he desires it The election of Mr. Burton, it is said will eliminate both Senator Dick and Myron T Hernck from the 1911 senatorial sit u y. tion. 1T?enPatrForaker "ill again oppose political leaders here were inclined to J? JP.rei Mr' Faker's statement is sued today as in the nature of a vale dictory. Columbus. O.. Dec. 31.-Definite an nouncement was made from his head- fff8. he,rt,today that Charles P. I aft had withdrawn from the senator ial race in the interest of harmony." f 3 al,so Stated that the Hamilton county delegation, the backbone of the Taft strength, would be delivered to Congressman Theodore E. Burton, thus insuring his election, as the successor of Senator Foraker. Mr. Taft issued the following state ment: "My candidacy from the beginning seems to have been misunderstood. I have been represented as urging my own personal ambition at the expense of Republican harmony and success The imputation is unjust; but that is of no moment now. The cause of it shall exist no longer. I yield the personal ambition for the accoinnlishment k, ter and more important things. "I have been a sincere and constant Kepujoiican all my life. I have servtvi my party and the people of my com munity as a member of the legislature of Ohio and of the congress of thfl United States. It was my privilege to be one of those who nearly 40 years 'so ' m the general assembly of this state, stood for the authority of party Judgment as formed In public sentiment and expressed in party caucus when John Sherman was sent to the senate ui ine united states. "I have long had an ambition to be a senator from Ohio. I have sought this great honor without reliance upon the popularity or prestige of any other man; and especially without any expec tation that my motives would be misin terpreted, or my personal desires would endanger that harmony among Republi cans everywhere, which is so essential to the success of the incoming national administration. "Conditions have now arisen which impose a higher duty upon me than th gratification of any personal ambition. It is clear that a prolonged contest for the senatorship would divide tho Re publican party of Ohio, and I am not willing to be in any way xwiponsible for such division. Although rt does not appear at present that any candidate has enough votes to win a caucus nom ination, and though many of my friends insist that I can and will be elected I put these considerations aside in ordjr to meet worthier obligations. 1 with draw as a candidate for senator and with grateful appreciation release my friends from further effort in my be half. I will resume my place In the councils of the Republican part and give to its welfare and to the splendid policies for which it stands the earn' service and devotion which hav been the great privilege and pride of my life." Foraker Retires. Senator Foraker at noon issued a statement formally withdrawing from the senatorial fight. This leaves the field practically clear for Mr. Burton, The statement follows: "The withdrawal of Mr. Taft sim plifies the situation. "Under all the circumstances I would have been glad . to have been re-elected, but inasmuch as that sevma impossible I feel that there is a great compensation for any personal dis appointment involved for myself In, the result that has been reached. "If nothing more had been ac complished, a lesson of lasting value has been taught in the demonstration that a party organization is powerful only when it confines itself to its legitimate business and duties as the agency and representative of the whole party, and that it loses its force and power when it becomes a per sonal asset of an individual. "The party, the state and the coun try are to be congratulated upon tho assured election of Mr. Burton. He Is well qualified by experience, ability and character for' the high and dig nified office to which he has been chosen. "I extend my most heartfelt thanks to all my friends who have so loyally stood by me during this trying contest. The recollection of their zeal and fidelity while struggling under such disadvantages will always be cher ished and appreciated." Later in the day Governor Andrew I Harris and General J. Warren Keifer also withdrew and it was stated former Lieutenant Governor Harding woull drop out of the race. Friends of Sena tor Charles Dick were deeply concerned over the developments of the day. It has been the invariable rule in Ohio politics that northern and southern ends of the state should alternate in the naming of senators. As both Mr. Burton and Mr. Dick are from the north, it is said the senatorship win go to a southern man in 1911. Many be lieve that Mr. Taft will renew his can didacy at that time. Senator Foraker's friends believe that he, too, will make the race two years hence.