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EVERYBODY .. 16 PAGES READS IT. - EVERYBODY 16 PAGES NEEDS IT. SATURDAY EVENING.- TOPEKA, KANSAS, JANUARY 2,1909; : LAST EDITION. SATURDAY EVENING. FIVE CENTS. LAW IS A GOOD ONE State Tax Commission Com pletes Its First Keport. Recommends Few Changes the Legislature. to A TAX ON . LEGACIES Board Thinks Kansas Should Hare Such a Law. Also Provision That Will Reach the Express Companies. The state tax commission of Kansas, composed of Samuel T. Howe, S. C. Crummer and W. S. Glass, today made public their first report to the legislature, which contains a complete and valuable summary of the work ings of the new law and suggestions and recommendations concerning tax legislation, It can be stated here that the com mission, after a year of trial of the new law, seem to be satisfied with Its general effectiveness and suggest only minor ehanees or amendments. A revision of the entire law is needed, riot for the purpose of making any radical chanses in the system now provided, but for the purpose of elim inating useless provisions and to make the law a connected and harmonious code. legislation Suggested. Amonsr the measures which the commission believes should be enact ed at the coming legislative session are tha following: First A proposition to amend the constitution. .Second An act to provide for the assessment of legacies and to pre scribe the manner and method by which to collect taxes for which pro vision Is herein made Xhirrl An act to Drovide for the assessment and taxation of property of car companies, mercantile and oth er companies or corporations (other than railroad companies) and of in dividuals or firms owning passenger freight or other cars operated in the state and repealing chapter 500 of the laws of 190o. Fourth An act regulating express companies and providing for an exer else ta: on the same and for the col lection thereof and repealing all acts in conflict with this act. 5. An act to provide for the assess ment of taxes on the property of tele- trraoh. telephone and pipe-line compan ies; defining what constitutes such com panies; requiring annual reports, and orovldinB a penalty for neglect or re fusal to make the same; and repealing ohaDters in conflict herewith. This bill Is designed to simply amend the law in relation to telephone, telegraph and pipe-line companies so as to conform it to the present general requirements. - 8. An act concerning assessment and taxation and to amend section 1, chap ter 110. laws of 1893. and repealing the original section 1, chapter 110, laws of 1S93. (This bill is intended to repeal that provision of the law which allows rebates on taxes.) 7. An act concerning assessment and taxation and amending sections 18 and 39 of chapter 408, laws of 1907, and re pealing said sections 18 and 39 of chap ter 408. laws of 1907, and repealing chap ter 76. laws of 1908. (This bill has been prepared for the purpose of making more clear the duty of county assessors and to provide a method whereby coun ty assessors and deputy assessors may be- removed from their position tor in competency or for any other reason that has caused them to fail or neglect to discharge their duties as required by law. This feature is inserted in the bill pursuant to resolutions adopted by the conventions or county clerics ana county commissioners, held at Hutchinson on December 15 and 16, 1908. But for these resolutions the commission would not have assumed to incorporate In the bill any recommendation giving It the pow er of removal In such cases.) 8. An act providing for the platting of lands for assessment purposes. (The purpose of this bill has been set forth in another part of the report). 9. Acts relating to the limitation of tax levies will be submitted to the leg islature for Its consideration. Opposed to Cities Collecting Taxes. S In so far as the collection of taxes is concerned, it is doubtful whether pirhere could be much improvement jiiftaae. The question has at times g: T. . .ti raiwH of rtprmfttinr cities of the jlirst class to collect their own taxes, ""but there has not as yet. in so far as the commission is advised, been any concerted 'movement in that direc tion, and until there shall come such a demand from the cities legislation in that direction would not seem to re quire attention. As relates to the assessment of property, a number of minor changes are needed in order to conform all parts of the law to the present gen eral requirements, and bills have been prepared by the commission intended to make tne changes thought neces sary, and at the proper time these bills will be presented to the com mittee on assessment and taxation of each house of the legislature with the hope that due consideration will be ' given them. However. when consideration is piven to the statutes that authorize levies in the various taxing districts, the unsatisfactory results coming from a planless growth of a tax sys tem, become at once apparent. Here there is "confusion worse con founded.' The session laws abound with chap ters authorizing special levies for numerous taxing districts. Sections of the statute general in their character are also found in large number as follows: For county tax ing districts. For township taxing districts. For city of first class taxing district. For city of second class tax ing district. For city of third class taxing district. For boards of educa tion, cities of the first class taxing district. For boards or education, r'oitie of second class taxing district. For school district taxing district. Tlic 1907 and 1908 Tax Assessments Compared. The assessment of 1908 resulted, after state equalization, in the following val- Keal estate $1,573,048,790 Personal property .4(4,191,255 Public service corporation 404,320,352 Total $2,451,560,397 The assessment values of the same classes of property as returned by the county clerks to the state auditor for the year 1907 follow: ,-,,-, Real estate J25!-'2 Personal property iS,8i)4,b9 Public service corporation property 77,272,44a Total $425,281,214 An investigation into the conditions of the two assessments produces the following conclusions: Assuming that in 1908 real estate was assessed at actual value in money, it follows that the 1907 assessment was made at only 17.11 per cent of such value. The 190" assessment of personal property is 16.62 per cent of the 1908 assessment, but this percentage does not show the share of the tax burden actually borne by the personal proper ty that was listed In 1907. The re turns of the assessment of 1907 show that percentages of actual money val ue, varying greatly among the coun ties, formed the basis for the assess ment of that year. A careful compar ison of the values thus derived with the full money value obtained in 190S produces the reasonable conclusion that new personal property of the val ue of $213,591,148, never before on tve tax roll, appears on tne rou or 1908. If this amount be deducted from tho 1908 personal properly amount of $471,191,255, there remains $260,600,107, as the actual value or tho personalty that was assessed in 1907 at $78,854,269. and thereby is made clear the fact that the personal ty upon tho roll of 1907 was in aggre gate assessed at 30.25 per cent of its actual value. In 1907 the assessment or tne prop erty of public service corporations amounted to 19.11 per cent of t-e ac tual value of that property as round in the assessment of 1908; of real estate, 17.11 per cent, apd of personal prop erty, 30.25 per cent. . Value of Sew Tax 1-aiv. This report of the tax commission cov ers the whole field thoroughly, every de tail of the complex art is discussed In the mi,ct int-piiicrpnt and Imnartial manner and the" tables and comparisons of Kansas taxes for the past thirty years are very valuable, to sav nothing of the presenta tion in a condensed form of the experience of other states in dealing with the prob lem. Grumbling at the Start. After permitting her original tax laws tq deeenerate into a mean'ngless jumble or interpretations by the Individual assessors find county commissioners of every couty in the state, Kansas finally decided li'st year to throw off the heavy yoke of prece dent and brave public anger by tampering with the always sacred tax laws and the result was the amendment of the old into the present law. The change was a big one and there was much grumbling at the start, but practical common sense pre vailed and Kansans generally now r"cus nize the wisdom and justice of the present tax law. Fndorseiiiciit Now. rtf nmo flftv members of the next legis lature who have been interviewed on. the subject bv the State Journal, not one has advocated anv radical change in the pres ent law as enforced. They w-nt it polish ed, and adjusted so that it will work more smoothlv and connectedly, just as the commission recommends in its present re port. . Work of the Commissioner. Every countv and state official and tax payer who has come in -contact with the state commission during th? past year will join in congrptti'"tir'" to the state in ersonnel of its first commission. TheFe gentlemen possessed unusual ability m the iirst place tor tnetr ciirncult place and have added greatly to their value by the pride they have taken in their work and . the painstaking and impartial atten tion they have given to every detail. Upon them devolved the task of first adminis tering the new law and making it a suc cess with the people who opposed it on the start. Their success is attested by the present general endorsement of the new law. which will in the end prove more beneficial to Kansas than any dozen laws passed in recent years. SHE TOLD A LIE. Night Kitler Witness Then Took It All Hack. Union City, Tenn., Jan. 2. Assert ng that she had deliberately perjured herself for the defense and, conscience stricken, desired to tell the truth, Mrs. Wad Morris, wife of one of the self confessed night riders, asked to be recalled today. Wad Morris swore he was present when Captain Ranken was killed and recognized some of the defendants. Mrs. Morris, his wife, went on the stand yesterday and im peached her husband's testimony by swearing that he was at home the night Captain Ranken was murdered. She left the stand pale and trem bling, went into the corridor and sent for the attorney general. I have done a great wrong. she ! said. "I have told a lie. My husband was not at home that night. He was with the riders. I was forced by my relatives to testify as I did. I want to see my husband." Her brother-in-law tried to get her to leave ;he city with him, but the attorney general ordered him away and took the trembling woman to her husband. They are people of few words, these strange residents of the Red hills, and the meeting of the young husband and wife, separated nee October 20, was suent but pa' hetic. tor ten minutes they stood clasped n each other's arms and not a word was spoken. Then the wife said: "I am going to do the right thing. Wad." The husbands only comment was: Yes." Airs. Morris then made a complete tatement to the attorney general. which doubtless will lead to several more indictments. The wife asked hat she be not separated from her husband and the authorities consent ed. The attorney general asked 'hat Mrs. Morris be permitted to correct her testimony. The little witness took he stand and the attorney general said: I understand you wish to make a statement to the jury." I was persuaded to tell a lie yes terday on the stand. I was told bv Joe Hoe? and Jack Long that unless swore tnat my husband was at home ha- nisrht that the soldiers would ang him. They also threatened me. nd I was afraid, so I told this lie. Now T want to tell the truth," said Mrs. Morris. "D!d the attorney general urge you to correct your testimony?" No. sir, he did not. He refused at first to let me." Attorney Pierce for the defence asked if he hd not asked her to tell the truth, and she replied that he had. but adied that she told him 'here were threats from frfer.d of the defendants. The state riisc'aimed even susn'cion that counsel for the defense were a party to the perjury. . property - MRS. ERiTS STORY Sister of the Woman on Trial for Murder Te Is Sensational Tale of Dead Husband's Cruelties. KNOCKED HER DOWN. And Dragged Her Down Stairs by Her Hair. Threatened to "Spread Eagle' Her But Did Not Do It. Media, Pa., Jan. 2. Mrs. M. Flor ence Erb, who with her sister, Mrs. Catharine Belsel, is charged with the murder of Mrs. Erb's husband, took the witness stand today and told a sensational story of extreme cruelty on the part of her husband as one of the causes leading up to the shooting of Captain Erb. Mrs. Erb appeared nervous, but told her story in a straight forward manner. Mrs. Erb said she went to "Red Ga bles," the Erb country home, May 1906, with a housekeeper and two maids. Trouble between her and the captain, she said, started on the first night they were there. "We quarrelled," she said, "and he struck me with the back of his hand and knocked me over a chair. The next day I had to call a physician to treat me. "Another time he quarreled about the food. I became afraid and ran into the tower of the house. He found me and grabbed me by the hair and dragged me down the steps to his room, where he kept me all nierht and treated ma cruelly. "In December 1906, he put me out of the house and while I was standing thinking what to do, he came out and seized me by the throat and threw me to the floor. An ornament in my hair was broken and my head was hurt. I was unconscious. As a result of my injury I had to go to a sanitar ium. "One evening tha captain found fault with some article of food on the table. He swore at me and I ran to my room. He followed and yelled at me, 'You must leave this house at onco or I'll blow your brains out." He got his revolver, but put it away again. When he left I took it and hid it. "When he came" home he demanded the revolver. I told him I had hid it. He chased me around the table in the dining room, trying to hit me and when ha could not catch up with me he spit in my face. ' "Later as I took the revolver from behind some books he- caught me and grabDea ror the pistol. : As we strug-r g'.ed for the weapon he deliberately bent me over a davenport, put his knee on my stomach and pressed till I cried for mercy. Finally he did release me and I was helped to my room. In the morn ing he forced the maids to pack my clothes and with Jeers and laughter made me leave the house, weak and faint as I was from the injury receiv ed." She then went on to tell of the so- called "spread eagle" Incident. After insulting her in the presence of the housekeeper by calling her names he told her he was going -to "spread eagle her." . . "Getting some straps he threw me. on a sofa," she said. "He swung his fist under my chin and droye , my teeth through my tongue. He kept me on the sofa until 3 o'clock in the morn ing, threatening to spread eagle me but finally he decided not to do so. - The next day I had to go to Hot Springs for treatment." . Then she related a story of the -captain's treatment of her sister who had come to her defense in the numerous family quarrels. . "One summer afternoon he- picked my sister up and threw her out of the house," she said. "Later he tried to force her through a swinging door and he began choking her. " 'I'll choke the life out -of you,' he said.- I thought he was surely killing her. So I grabbed, up a whisky bottle and hit him on the head. He dropped and we ran for, our lives." WILL LONG TAKE IT? Can Have Place in Taft Cabinet If He Wishes. Washington, Jan. 2. "Kansas will get no cabinet position at the begin ning oi me jLarr aaministration unless possibly Senator Long consents to ac cept a place. Later on the state stands a show. . In my judgment it would be F. D. Coburn for secretary of agriculture." Senator Charles Curtis thus sizes up the cabinet situation insofar as it re lates to Kansas. "Mr. Taft has selected his cabinet with one exception," said the senator, "but he will not - announce their names for some time. Long may get the position of secretary of commerce and labor, If he indicates that he will take it. He says he does not want a cabinet place, or any other official po sition. "Secretary Wilson will be reappoint ed at the head of the department of agriculture for two reasons.' First, be cause he is an able secretary: second, because he wants to break all records in t'e length of service of a cabinet member. "Wilson believed he had already broken the record, but recently dis covered that some other statesman of the past would tie him if he quit i March 4. He explained the situation and told of his ambition to serve long er than anyone else. So Taft will re appoint him. He will - likely resign sometime next summer, and then I propose to present Secretary Coburn's name for tho place. "The Kansas delegation is working harmoniously, and I believe that we will stand a a unit under the Taft ad ministration.". According to Senator Curtis, a for mer Kansas man. who is sure to be in tho Taft cabinet from tbe start, is .Tuce Richard Balline-er. of Seattle, Wash., who will be secretary of the in terior. Judge 'RallinE-er practiced law in Lamed in the early days, moving from there to the const. He was com jTMocnnrter of the general land otfice un til last year, when he resigned. . Wenther Indications. "Chicago: Jan. 2. Forecast for Kan sas: Fair tonight and Sunday. TO VOTES500f000 Congress Will Make --Appropria tion for .Quake Suiferers. President Roosevelt Will Ask It in Special Message. MONEY GOES FORWARD American Bed Cross ts Sending 100,000 Today. Several Americans Leave Naples ' .' for Messina. Washington, Jan. 2. Congress will on Monday next appropriate $500,000 for the relief qX the-sufferers in Italy. Both house will receive a special mes sage from the ; president, recommend ing the granting of this sum. Then the two bodies will vie with each other in the speedy passage of the relief measure. The sum to be appropriated will cover the R value of supplies al ready forwarded to the sufferers on the order of " the president. v The .appro priation will - be; greater by. far than ever has been made in the past for a similiar purpose, the largest grant heretofore made being that of $200,000 to Martinique. ' ' The president has not yet begun to frame his-message, butMt is under stood that it will be short and will recommend that congress authorize the use of any naval: stores aboard th fwt n the c-Hie-nj, V,,- t tv, the fleet on the Culgoa or in the New- York and qther navy yards, and in the ! naval "stations that may. be needed in j Italy. . V- ' ! Meanwhile the American Red Cross! socie y is continuing to send money for the sufferers relief and $100,000 goes forward to Italy to day. Fifteen thousand additional came here from the New York branch of the Red Cross today, while the-'California or ganization announced it was sending $10,000. The . officials here point out j the urgent necessity of promptness in sending contributions. - They will be considered aH having - been made through the Red -Cross." Thanks for American .generosity is expressed in a telegram received by the president to day from President Massiglia of the Italian committee at New York city. Mr. Griscom - today cabled- that-no names of American citizens killed on injured by the earthquake : had yet J reached! him. - i, ' ConsuICrownlr.shield at Naples repo rt ed the arrival there-of ; the messenger from . the consulate 'at; - Messina in a wounded condition. The messenger' re ported that Consul Cheney and his fam ily. Vice Consul Lupton and - former Vice Consul' Peirce- are -iiead. ' Today's press advices,, however, show Mr. Lup ton assisted In lhe .Jsarch for Cheney and other victims,,'' Ambassador Griscern at Rome is doing what he can to Jieip tweissrtuatlon. He has notified the department 'that several persons attached to the American ser vice in Italy'left today from Naples for Messina to assist in relieving distress and to report on the conditions- of American citizens who may be -in the danger zone.' They include - Bayatd Cutting. Jr.. the consul at Milan, Ma jor J. F. P. Landis, the military at tache at Rome, and Wlnthrop Chanler, a private citizen and a brother of. for mer Lieutenant Governor Chanler of New York. HE HAS A BAD1EG.: Yuan Slil Kai, Consequently, Is De. privet! of All Offices. Pekin, Jan. 2. An edict isued to day dismisses from office Yuan Shi Kai, grand councilor and commander in chief of the forces. The reason giv en for this action is that he had rheu matism of the leg. The edict orders Yaun Shi Kai to vacate all his offices and to return to his home, adding: "Thus our clemency toward you is manifested." A second edict appoints Nai Tung, comptroller of customs and ex-Governor of Pekin, grand councillor, pre sumably in Yuan Shi Kai's place. He Is One of China's Great Men. Washington, Jan. 2. Though the news of the downfall of Tuan Sha Kai was entirely unexpected in official cir cles here, it was received with regret, for the state department has keen recollection of the great services ren dered by Yaun Shi Kai to every Chris tian nation in securing communication by secret means with the legations be sieged in the compound at Pekin dur ing the famous boxer uprising. At the time Yuan Shi Kai was Taotai of Shanghai and did not hesitate to use all of his great power to secure news from the compound which gave the first as surance to the outside world that the cliplomats. their families and attaches were holding their own within the lega tion precincts. It was this information which Yuan Shi Kai conveyed through the American consul general at Shan hai to Mr. Hay that encouraged the European governments to join with America in the remarkable allied march to Pekin that resulted in the liberation of the legationers. . . For some time there is reason to sus pect that Yuan Shi Kai was not closely in touch with the new administration in China There had been charges af fecting his official integrity, but these had come to naught, so long as . the famous dowager empress. Tsi An lived, for she had unlimited confidence in Yuan Shi Kai and he was clothed with almost the same degree of power over China's externa! relations as was Li Hune- Chang. It was Yuan who organ ized the modern Chinese army;, dropped out the spearsmen and the bowmen and the- bearers of stink pots and the mak ers of loud noises and substituted well drilled, khaki-clad soldiers, educated by European officers. During the boxer uprising, with his -well trained troops Yuan was almost the only viceroy in China able to extend protection to for eign life and prooerty, and in his later position, with extended powers, he had planned to make the Chinese national army a force to be reckoned with by any nation. . IS. F. Yoakum's Brother Dead. Fort Worth, Tex.. Jan. 2. Judge C. H. Yoakum, general at orney of the Frisco, lines in Texas and brother of B. F. . Yoakum, . chairman-- of the Frisco-Rock Island board, is dead at his. home here as a result of an attack of apoplexy. THE STONE BILL. One Providing for State Publi cation of Text Books. Calls for Appointment of State Book Commission. COVERS ALL DETAILS. Tell Just What Steps Must Be .Taken. . ; . . . ' Gossip Among the Politicians and Office Holders. An act creating a state schoolbook commission' with power to acquire by purchase or by condemnation pro ceedings the ground necessary on which to erect building or buildings additional to the present state printing plant, to purchase necessary machin ery, type and other printing and bind ing materials to print and bind school books, to procure copyrights for same. cr to contract for the right to publish said school books on a royalty basis, and to provide . for the preparation, publication,' purchase, sale and distri bution of a state series of school books at cost, making appropriation there for, and repealing all laws inconsistent or in conflict herewith, is the text of a bill already prepared and it is endors ed by State Printer McNeal and will be i Rnhr P ltn nTqi,wn.. 7tv . Iio- E: Stone Shawnee county. Introduced in the next legislature by The bill provides for the appoint ment of a state school book commis sion by the governor to be composed of the state superintendent of public instruction, state printer and president of the State Normal and three other persons.. This commission shall serve for four years at a salary of eight dol lars per' day and transporta.ion ex penses. The state superintendent shall be chairman of the commission and a secretary shall be appointed who will maintain an office in the stale capitol and devote all his attention to the work. The series of books to be printed or furnished by the state shall consist of at. least one spelling book; one primer; one each, first, second, third, fourth and fifth reader; one each, ele men:ary and advanced written arith metic; one oral arithmetic; one ele ments of algebra; one each elementary and advanced geography; one ele mentary physical geography one each elementary and advanced English grammar; one each elementary and advanced physiology and hygiene; one each elementary and advanced history of the United States; one history, con stitution and civil government of the state, of Kansas; one civil government and constitution of the United States; one elements of agriculture and stock raising;, one elements of physics; one system of penmanship; one system-of bookkeeping; masterpieces of Ameri can and English literature for the fifth, sixth, seventh and eighth grades and such other books as shall be deemed necessary for all grades below the high school. The bill provides a careful and prac tical system of securing and printing and furnishing the books and courts publicity in all its phases and the closing section, one of the most im portant In the measure, provides that the state' shall be partitioned into school districts and ihese districts themselves may decide by vote wheth er they shall buy the books from the state school book commission and then sell them by authorized agents to the pupils at stipulated prices or furnish them free. - The bill has been drawn with pains taking care and covers every detail of the question of free school books. It appears practical on its surface wheth er studied by friend or opponent. During the speaking programme that followed the Saturday Night club ban quet New Year's eve. Senator Long, who made the closing speech, referred to the early days of the organization when it indulged exclusively in intel lectual pursuits and was not so danger ous, as it is now to a politician who might be enrolled in its membership. He -declared that at the first club ban quet each member chipped in a quarter and that bologna sausage formed the principal part of the menu. The speaker then declared that thera were three reasons for his retirement to private life and -Tom -McNeal, who was listening earnestly,- interrupted to state that he knew one of these reasons The senator eyed the state printer's shining scalp like a panther about to leap, but went on with his speech. He said that he first studied law in George Peck's office and had been branded as a railroad attorney and hireling ever since, and for no other reason. He said further that it was twenty-five years ago that he was also contaminated by his acquaintance with the present state printer of Kansas, and went on to tell of the humiliations and reverses he had suffered on account of that friendship. McNeal interrupted to declare he was ashamed of the intimacy himself. "But," retorted the senator, "that friendship has brought you honors and success while it has wrecked my politi cal craft: You have been successively, secretary to a Kansas governor, editor of a farm paper and now start on your third term as state printer, but it is true that you had no opponent at the polls last November and it is also true that you turn over the difficult work of your office to inferiors while you reap the profit and glory. Now a United States senator cannot turn his work over to others; he must do it himself." McNeal. as- usual, got the last word by declaring that if the Kansas delega tion in Washington would follow the Kansas state printer's example and turn Eome of their more important duties - over to their secretaries and clerks that the Sunflower state would make a better showing in legislative af fairs in the national capital. It was all in fun, of course, and the incident was greatly enjoyed. Dr Biddle. of the Topeka state hos pital, will ask the next legislature for $100,000 appropriation on behalf of that institution for new buildings. In ex plaining the justice and necessity of his request Dr. Biddle said: "The state takes care of its insane and it should, but how much bet ter it would be if we were equipped so that as soon as a patient entered treat ment to cure him might be begun and he might avoid being -thrown among the older patients. , It would prevent much of the present day Insanity. Just now, however, we are not fixed to do this. And as a result we get only-cases, generally speaking, which relatives have grown to consider hopeless. The patient has often been insane for months or years before we reach him And as long as the present method of putting new patients in with the older ones is kept up so long win we nave this to contend with. "If we had a reception hospital where when people first showed signs of in sanity we could take them and treat them with all of the latest appliances we could often prevent a bad case of Insanity and cure many others. The complete cure of many patients under such circumstances is recorded in states where such hospitals are maintained. "I believe that with such a hospital we could cure a large number of the new patients. . There is not a great deal of hope for them, however, if they have been here for several years. With such a hospital as I suggest the results would, I believe, surprise people." HOCH MAKES APPEAL. Asks People of Kansas to Help Italian Sufferers. ' Governor Hoch, president of the Kan sas branch of the Red Cross society, has issued a proclamation calling for aid for the earthquake sufferers of It aly. J. R. Mulvane Is secretary of the organization and all contributions should be sent to him. The proclama' tion reads as follows: "To the People of Kansas: "Joseph Cook once - said that the nineteenth century made all men neigh bors, but that the Twentieth century would make all men brothers. Never before In the history of the world was it so true that the ligature of sym pathy binds all men together as now. The civilized world has just been shocked by another awful calamity. The great San Francisco horror has been eclipsed by the even greater hor ror which has Just befallen Italy. The cry for help from these stricken peo ple appeals to every humanity loving heart. "Kansas In a comparatively small way has known something of suffering, When more than a third of a century ago the grasshoppers devastated this state and when in more recent years the floods swept its valleys the gen erous people of the country quickly responded to our calls for help. In the recent California catastrophe, Kansas then as now enjoying unprecedented prosperity responded to their appeal with more than 100 carloads of relief and with over $30,000 in money. And shall we not In some degree at least show our sympathy in some substantial way for the earthquake stricken people across the seas .' "The National Red Cross society of which President-elect Taft is president. has just sent a contribution of $50,000. As president of the Kansas Red Cross society, I appeal to the people of this state for contributions. Mr. John R. Mulvane, treasurer of the society, the Dresident of the Bank of Topeka, will receive subscriptions, acknowledge their receipt and forward the money to these suffering people who so sorely need it." A meeting of the Kansas branch of the Red Cross society win be held Mon day afternoon at 2 o'clock for the pur pose of starting a systematic campaign for funds. This meeting was announc ed yesterday by Prof. B. B. Smyth, sec retary of the Kansas branch of the so- society. Prof. Smyth gave out a state ment which is published elsewhere. SAYS IT WILL BE GOOD. Standard Begs to Be Allowed to Stay In Missouri. -Jefferson City, Jan. 2. In a motion for a rehearing in the Missouri ouster suit against it filed in the supreme court here, the Standard Oil company of Indiana asked to be allowed to re main in Missouri as long as It conforms to rules and regulations that may be laid down by the court. An appeal was also .filed with the court for a remittancei of the fine of $50,000 imposed on the Republic Oil company on the ground that this com pany has gone out of business. IN ICY WATER 20 MINUTES. New York Girl Takes a Swim In the Bay. New York, Jan. 2. Although she remained in the water more than 20 minutes. Miss Helen Wilcox of Staten Island, who went swimming in New York bay yesterday feels no ill effects from her experience today. She is 22 years old and teaches school here in the city. Her plunge followed a. wager made with a girl friend a year ago that she would be' the first perspn to take a dip in the bay in 1909. As she tie trouble to don a bathing suit and elip into tne water irom xier duck yard. Rock Island Helps Shoppers. C. E. Morton announces an Innova tion at the Rock Island ticket office which should prove a boon to the shoppers from small towns who come to Topeka to make their purchases. Frequently the shoppers are caused considerable Inconvenience by having to carry their, bundles from one store to another. The Rock Island has fitted up a store room in the ticket office, and a check system has been devised so that the goods can be de livered to the ticket office from the different stores and then reclaimed at the ticket window by presenting the checks. The merchants of Topeka have expressed their hearty approval of the Rock Island's plan. Injured in a Runaway. Concordia. Kan., Jan. 2. Mrs. Thos Livengood and Mrs. M. J. Holding were driving to Concordia when their horse became frightened and ran away. Mrs. Holding was not hurt at all, but Mrs. Livengood had her left ankle broken and her right arm was broken just above the wrist until the bones protruded through the flesh. Weather Is ThreatenhiR. The weather conditions today have been threatening and overhead indications have suggested rain or snow at any moment but no precipitation has occurred. There ha3 been a gradual rise In the temperature readings during the past 24 hours and at 2 o'clock this afternoon the mercury was 13 degrees higher than at the same hour New Year's day. The government fore casters at the local weather bu'eau wee fair weather for tonight and Sunday. The following were the temperatures since 7 o'clock this morning: 7 o'clock...... 32 I 11 o'clock 36 g o'clock 33 I 12 o'clock 33 9 o'clock... St 1 o'clock 3U 10 o'clock ....35 ) 2 o'clock..... 40 LATESTJORROR. Cannibalism Results From Suf fering of Quake Victims. Starving Under Ruins Eat Their Own Flesh and Others. RESORT TO SUICIDE. Many Desperate Survivors Take Their Own Lives. Number of Dead at Messina Alone Placed at 115,000. Messina. Jan. 2. The town now is thoroughly occupied by troops. Each quarter has Its body of them divided so that no point In the town is without protection. A cordon of soldiers also surrounds the entire town which is al most deserted. Only soldiers and sailors are to be seen there. The sufferings of persons still burled in the ruins of fallen buildings here who are slowly dying from hunger is awful to contem plate, nude bodies have been found which bear mute testimony of their sufferings. Several of these persons have died gnawing at their arms and hands, evidently delirious from pain and hunger. Other bodies brought front the ruins had portions of shawls and particles of clothing in their mouths and one woman had her teeth firmly fixed in the leg of a dead baby. - The archbishop of Messina has been found still living In the ruins of his palace. - Plans for Relief Work. Rome, Jan. 2. Financial contribu tions for the reliefof the sufferers have come in eo generously from the United States that Ambassador Griscom,' who has been notified of these donations, is today taking a prominent part in 'the relief work being organized in Rome. The ambassador was requested today to give his opinion regarding the best methods to apply this American succor. He said: "The work of. relief la difficult owing to geographical conditions. There Is only one railway line running from Naples to southern Italy. This is neces sarily choked by the troops In the gov ernment service and the handling of state relief supplies.) Consequently most of the outside reltef must be sent, to the stricken area bry sea. This Is. why the king, telegraphing from the scene of the disaster to Premier- Gio lottl, said that ships were needed more than anything else. - A, practical means of getting in the relief offered , by the United States would be to charter one or more steamships In Genoa or Mar seilles, place aboard them doctors and trained nurses -and dispatch them at once for tha Strait of Messina. Here the worker-would put tiiemselves at the disposition of the. authorities. . - "The poverty of the , country . where the disaster occurred makes It Impera- ' tive to remove the survivors a.t once to' such distant points as Naples, Leghorn.. Genoa, or ports even further" up the coast, and I am safe in saying that there is not at present anv limit to the.. amount of sea transportation needed. "A committee .could be formed of Americans in Rome, which could co operate with, a central, national com mittee in New York for the prompt, expedition of .the relief the people of the United States are so anxious to give. . This need not in any way Inter fere with the contributions' of Ameri cans to the relief 'committee appointed by King Victor Emmanuel. immediate action, nowever, is im perative, and if such a suggestion aa this Is to be of value it Bhould ba put into operation at once. All the ar rangements could be completed by cable in a few hours. The steamers thus dispatched from Genoa, Mar seilles, etc., could be loaded with food,' supplies of all kinds, aa well a tents, blankets, clothing and surgical and medical supplies. All these things are- greatly needed in the afflicted region, and the amount that could be sent. In Is limited only by the means placed at the disposal of the committee." Exact statistics of tha dead and tho surviving still are Impossible : to ob tain, because all the dead bodies buried under the ruins have not yet. been excavated. It Is equally impos sible to make any accurate account of the survivors for they are today, scat tered from one end of the country to. the other.- The only figures that can be reached Is by calculating the total populations before the disaster and subtracting therefrom the numbers that are supposed to have survived. The result is of course approximate. On this basis Is made' the estimate that about 25,000 people have left Messina and the Messina commune. As the total population of the city and commune was about 156,000 and as there are about 15,000 people still in the district, the dead probably number to 115, 000. -The victims are -Increasing dally, not only through the dying of the Injured, ' but also by the many suicides committed by desperate sur vivors. - Wounded Katen by Dogs and Hog. Paris, Jan.- 2. The Figaro today publishes the following dispatch from Rome: "As each day goes bv the disaster appears more horrible, terrifying and immense. It is without precedent in the history of the world. In my ear lier dispatches I spoke of over 150. 000 dead. This number doubtless will be exceeded for now it Is conserva tively estimated that 200,000 persons perished miserably in this staggering catastrophe and the worst Is not yet known. The scourge has not yet done Its final work. "The tremblings of the earth con tinue with sinister rumblings and at times Jets of boiling water surge from the crevasses. The sources of the streams are poisoned with putrid mat ter. In spite of herculean efforts tne succor still if Insufficient. In the re gions the unhappy injured are dying for want of food and medical treat ment. Tloes and swine, enraged by hunger, spring upon the wounded and ovnur fern. Insatiable nre ana un controlled famine will inexorably claim their victims." Queen Helena T Hurt. Rome. Jan. 2. Queen Helena has been slightly injured at Messina. A dispatch received hero today from Minister of Ju5tic Orlando who Is with their majesties at Mefsina says that a slleht shock was experienced at Mes s'm yesterday and the patients in one of the improvised hospitals wera (Continued on Page Six.)