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THE TOPEKA DAILY STATE JOURNAL I.IONDAY EVENING, JANUARY 4, 1909.
J!' FOR THER0AD. Prospects That the Fort LeaTen worth and Fort Riley Military Thoroughfare Will Be a Reality. PRISONERS TO BE USED i But Municipalities and Farmers Will Help. Mr. Anthony Confident That Law Will Soon Be Passed. Washington, Jan. 4. "The federal government had decided to branch out again in the construction of military roads." said George S. Wagner of Kan as City. Mr. Wagner is a contractor and is watching the proposition with the eyes of a practical highway build er. "The first one to be built," continued Mr. Wagner, "will run from Fort Leav enworth to Fort Riley, a distance of 140 miles. Another one is projected in Iowa. The "bill authorizing the con Btruction of the Kansas highway will be soon reported by the house commit tee, on military affairs, and its author. Congressman Dan R. Anthony. feels certain that it will become a law the present session. The war depart ment is backing the proposition. "The road will cost about J250.000, but the government will not have to spend that much money. Farmers along the proposed route have formed an assocl ation and entered into an agreement tc supply all the rock necessary for the road free of cost to the government. The various townships and municipali ties have also agreed to aid financially in the building of the road. Congress man Anthony believes that it will 'not cost over $100,000 in actual cash. "Not only is the road a military ne cessity, but the department of Justice ays it is a necessity from a prison tandpoint. More than 1,000 federal prisoners are now confined in the Uni ted States penitentiary at Leavenworth For the past five years they have found employment in the erection of the new prison. That institution is now about completed, and when it is finished there Will be nothing for the prisoners to do, "It is proposed to put them to work on the military road. This will also be the first time in many years that the government has worked its prisoners outside of a prison. Prison authorities, however, claim that it is entirely feasi ble, and that outside work will improve the health of the prisoners. Stockades will be built along the road to house the prisoners at night." Senator Chester I. Long has present ed a bill in the senate authorizing and directing the secretary of the treasury to pay to the Watson Mill company of Wichita the sum or $2,000.50 to reim burse it for losses suffering through the fumigation by officers or agents of the United States marine hospital service of 3.500 sacks of flour. The flour had been shipped from the city of New Or leans. La., to ban Juan, iorto Kico, on the steamships San Juan and Arkadia in August and September. 1905, which fumigation was done with sulphur fumes, which destroyed the gluten in the flour and so diminished its value. when it should have been done with formaldehyde, which is not Injurious. Senator Curtis intrcduced a bill di recting the postmaster general to credit the accounts of Frank Wyman, post master at St. Loius, in the sum of J4.039.13. due to the government on ac count of money order funds embezzled by Elmer Smith, clerk at Stoddard sta tion, of that city, in the years 1904 and 1905. Mrs. Chester I. Long, wife of the Kansas senator, entertained at a dance New Year's evening in her Massa chusetts avenue home, in honor of her niece. Miss Copley of Kansas City, who has been spending the holidays with her. and her nephew, Frank- Copley, who is just on his way home to Kansas City from a long stay abroad. The guests were from among the younger set in official society, and the affair was quite informal. Miss Copley is a student in the University of Kan sas, and not yet in society. A small orchestra played during the evening and there were about forty couples present. Mrs. Long wore a charming directoire costume of pale blue satin, and the guest of honor wore an empire gown of yellow chiffon cloth, and Miss Vera Clemes. another niece of Mrs. Long, who makes her home with her, was in pink mousseline de soie. Mrs. Long will be at home to visitors n Thursday, as usual, hereafter, and ill have the ladies of the Kansas dele Jgaiion with her on the first Thursday afternoon,, after Kansas Day. George W. Pratt has been appointed postmaster at Shook, Harper county, Kan., to succeed W. Barber, resigned. Ida G. Simmons was named for the of fice at Collyer. TVego conuty, In the place of J. W. Hickman, resigned. Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Martin of Topeka are guests at the New Willard hotel. NEEDFUL KNOWLEDGE Topeka People Should Ix ani to Detect the Approach of Kidney Disease. The symptoms of kidney trouble are so unmistakable that they leave no ground for doubt. Sick kidneys ex crete a thick, cloudy, offensive urine, full of sediment, irregular of passage or attended by a sensation of scalding. The back aches constantly, headaches and dizzy spells may occur and the vic tim is often weighted down by a feel ing of languor and fatigue. Neglect these warnings and there is danger of dropsy, Bright's Disease, or diabetes. Any one of these symptoms is warn ing enough to begin treating the kid neva at ohce. Delay often proves fa tal". Tou can use no better remedy than Doan's Kidney Pills. Here's Topeka proof: - Mrs. Mary E. Taylor, 432 E. 18th St.. Topeka, Kan., says: "Doan's Kid ney Pills have been used In our family and fully liyed up to the claims made for them, soon bringing relief from a severe case of kidney trouble. Know ing as I' do, the great merit of this remedy. I do not hesitate to recom mend it." F-or sale by all dealers. Price 50 cents. Foster-Milburn Co.. Buffalo, New York, sole agents for the United States. : - Remember tht name Doan s and take no other IN SELF DEFENSE. (Continued from Page One.) in question was of benefit 'to no one excepting to these criminals, and it seri ously hampers the government In the detection of crime and the securing of Justice.- Moreover, it not only affects departments outside of the treasury, but it tends to hamper the secretary of the treasury himself in the effort to utilize the employes of his department so as to best meet the requirements of the public service. It forbids him from preventing frauds upon the customs ser vice, from investigating Irregularities in branch mints and assay offices, and has seriously crippled him. It prevents the promotion of employes In the secret service, and this further discourages good effort. In its present form the re striction operates only to the advantage of the criminal, or the wrongdoer. "The chief argument in favor of the provision was that the congressmen did not themselves wish to be Investigated bv secret service men. Very little of such investigation has been done in the past: but it is true that the work of the secret service agents was partly re sponsible for the indictment and con viction of a senator and a congressman for land frauds in Oregon. I do not be lieve that it is in the public interest to protect criminals in any branch of the public service, and exactly as we have again and again during tne past seven years prosecuted and convicted such criminals who were in the executive branch of the" government, so in my be lief we should be given ample means to prosecute them If found in the leg islative branch. But if this Is not con sidered desirable a special exception could be made in the law prohibiting the use of the secret service force in in vestigating members of the congress. It would be far better to do this than to do what actually was done, and strive to prevent or at least to hamper effec tive action against criminals by the-ex ecutive branch of the government." Xothinjr to Warrant It. y A careful reading of this message will show that I said nothing to warrant the statement that ' the majority of the congressmen were in fear of being In vestigated by the secret service men, or that congress as a wnoie was actuated by that motive." I did not make any such statement in this mes sage. Moreover I have never made any such statement about congress as t whole, nor. with a few inevitable ex ceptions. about the members of con gress, in any message or article or speech. On the contrary I have always not only deprecated but vigorously re sen ted the practice of indiscriminate attack upon congress, and indiscrimi nate of all congressmen, wise and un wise, fit and unfit, good and Dad alike. No one realizes more than I the im portance of co-operation between the executive and congress, and no one holds the authoritv-and dignity of the congress of the United States in higher resDect than I do. I have not the slignt est sympathy with the practice of judging men, for good or for ill, not on their several merits, our in a mass, aa members of one particular body or one caste. To put together all men holding or who have held a particular office. whether it be the office of president, or judge, or senator, or member of the house of representatives, and to class them all without regard to their In dividual differences, as good or bad. seems to me utterly indefensible: and t is equallv indefensible wnetner tne good are confounded with the bad in a heated and unwarranted championsnip of all. or in a heated and unwarranted assault upon all. I would neither at tack nor defend all executive officers mass, whether presidents, gov ernors, cabinet officers, or officials of lower rank: nor wouin i auacK or at tend all legislative officers In a mass. The safety of free government rests very largely in the ability of the plain everyday citizen to discriminate be tween those public servants who serve him well and those public servants who serve him ill. He can not thus dis criminate if he Is persuaded to pass Judgment upon a man, not with rerer ence to whether he is a fit or unfit pub ic servant, but with reference to whether he is an executive or legis lative officer, whether he belongs to one branch or the other of the govern ment. Failed to Understand. This allegation in the resolution. therefore, must certainly be due to an entire failure to understand my mes sage, s The resolution continues: inai me t be reauested to transmit to the house any evidence upon which he based his statements that the 'chief argument in favor of the provision was that the congressmen did not them selves wish to be investigated by secret service men.' " This statement, which was an attack upon no one, still less upon the congress, is sustained by the facts. If vou will turn to the congressional Record for May 1 last, pages 5553 to 5560, inclusive, you will find the de bate on this subject. Mr. Tawney of Minnesota. Mr. Smith of Iowa, Mr. Sherlevof Kentucky, and Mr. Ftizgerald of New York, appear in this debate as the special champions of the provision referred to. Messrs. farsons, nennei, and Driscoll were the leaders of thof-e who oonosed the adoption of the amendment and upheld the right of the government to use the most emcient means possible in order to detect crlm- nals and to prevent ana punisn crime. The amendment was carried In the committee of the whole, where no votes of the individual members are recorci- d. so I am unable to discriminate oy mentloning the members who voted for and the members who voted c-ainst the nrovision. but its passage. the Journal records, was greeted with pplause. I am well aware, however. that in any case of this kind many members who have no particular knowledge of the point at issue, are content simply to follow the lead of he committee which had considered the matter, and I have no doubt tnat many members of the house simply followed the lead of Messrs. Tawney and Smith, without having had the pportunity to know very much as to the rights and wrongs of the question-. I would not ordinarily attempt in tnis way to discriminate between members f the house, but as oDieciion nas Deen taken to my language, in which I sim ply spoke of the action of the house as a whole, and as apparently there is desire that I should thus discrimin ate, I will state that I think file re sponsibility rested on the committee n appropriations, under the lead of the members whom I have mentioned. Now as to the request of the con gress that I give the evidence for my tatement that tne chief argument in favor of the provision was that the congressmen did not themselves wish to be investigated by secret service men Two Lines of Argument. The part of the Congressional Record to which I have referred above entirely supports this statement. Two distinct lines of argument were followed in the ebate. One concerned the; question whether the law warranted the em ployment of the secret service in de partments other than the treasury, and this aid not touch the merits of the ser- tce in the least. The other line of ar gument went to the merits of ' the ser vice, whether lawfully or unlawfully RcPRC&ttiTATivt JamcsA TWO MEMBERS OF CONGRESS LIMITING THE Employed, and here the chief if not the nly argument used was that the ser vice should be cut down and restricted because its members had "shadowed" or Investigated members of congress and other officers of the government. If we examine the debate in detail it appears that most of what was urged in favor of the amendment took the form of the simple statement that the committee held that there had been violation of law" by the use of tne secret service for other purposes than suppressing counterfeiting (and one or two other matters which can be dis:-e-garded) and that such language was now to be used as would eneciuaiiy prevent all such "violation of law hereafter. Mr. Tawney. for instance. says: "It was for tne purpose oi slip ping the use of this service in every possible wav by the departments of the government that this provision was in serted;" and Mr. Smith says: iNow, that was the only way in wnicn any limitation could be put upon the ac tivities of the secret service." mr. Fitzgerald followed In the same vein, and by far the largest part of the argu ment against the employment of the secret service was confined to the statement that It was in "violation of law." Of course such a statement is not in any way an argument in favor of the Justice of the provision. It is not an argument for the provision at all. It is simply a statement of what the gentlemen making it conceive to have been the law. There was both by implication and direct statement the assertion that it was the law, aim ought to be the law. that the secret service should only be used to suppress counterfeiting; and that the law should be made more rigid tnan ever mi w.o respect. AmplO JXUtnoniy. Incidentally I mav say that in my judgment there is ample legal auth ority for the statement mai una ap propriation law to wnicn reierenuo was made imposes no iru-ivin whatever upon the use of the secret service men, but relates solely to me expenditure of the money appropriat ed. Mr. Tawney in the debate stated that he had in his possession "a letter from the secretary of tne treasury re ceived a few days ago in wnicn tne secretary of the treasury "himself ad mits that the provisions under which the appropriation has been made have been violated year after year for a number of years in his own depart ment." I append herewith as appen dix A the letter referred to. It makes no such admission as that which Mr. Tawney alleges. It contains on the contrarv. as vou will see by reading it. an. "emphatic protest against any such abridgment ot tne rignis aeiegaiea iu the secretary of the treasury by exist- r.g law, and concludes py asserting that he "is quite within his rights in thus employing the service of these agents" and" that the proposed modifi cation which Mr. Tawney succeeded n carrying through would be "dis tinctly to the advantage of violators of criminal statutes of the United States." call attention to the fact that in this letter of Secretary Cortelyou to Mr. Tawney, as in my letter to the speak er quoted below, the explicit statement Family Washing "Rough Dry" Bo lb. "Special Flat" 4o lb. "Wet Wash" 2o lb. Strictly Fine Wor fe See our New List for Full Par- . . . ticulars. Shirts, Collars and Cuffs THAT PLEASE. Cleaning, Dyeing, Pressing. Topeka Laundry Co. Phone IBS. Second and Quincy. m!m7A&s A nm - Tayn.? WHOM PRESIDENT B00SEVELT HOLDS RESPONSIBLE FOB LAW SCOPE OF THE SECRET SERVICE DEPARTMENT. is made that the proposed change will De ror tne benefit of the criminals, a statement which I simply reiterated in public form in my message to the congress this year, and which is also contained in effect in the report of the secretary of the treasury to the con gress. . , .. A careful reading of the Congres sional Record will also show that prac tically the only arguments advanced in favor of the limitation proposed by Mr. Tawney's committee, beyond what may be supposed to be contained by implica tion in certain sentences as to abuses' which were not specified, were those contained "in the repeated statements of ir. sneriey. Mr. snerley- stated tnat there had been "pronounced abuses growing out of the use of the secret service for purposes other than those intended," putting his statement in the form of a question, and in the same form further stated that the "private conduct" of "members of congress, senators," and others ought hot to be investigated by the secret service, and that they should not Investigate a "member of congress" who had been accused of "conduct unbecoming a gen tleman and a member of congress." In addition to these assertions couched ,as questions, he made one positive declar ation, that "This secret service at one time was used for the purpose of look ing into the personal conduct of a member of congress." This argument of Mr. Sherley, the only real argument as to the merits of the question made on behalf of the committee on appro priations, will be found in columns 1 and 2 of page 5,556. and column 1 of page 5,557 of the Congressional Record. In column 1 of page 5,556 Mr. Sherley refers to the impropriety of permitting the secret service men to investigate men in the departments, officers of the army and navy, and senators and con gressmen: in column 2 he refers to of ficers of the navy and members of con gress: in column 1. page 5.557. he re fers only to members of congress. His speech puts most weight on the Investi gation Of members of congress. Where It Started. "What appears in the record is filled out and explained by an article which appeared in the Chicago Inter-Ocean of January 3, 1904, under a Washing ton headline, and which marked the beginning of this agitation against the secret service. It was a special article of about 3.000 words, written, as I was then informed and now understand, by Mr. L. W. Busbey. at that time pri vate secretary to the speaker of the house. I inclose a copy of certain ex tracts from the article, marked Ap pendix B. It contains an utterly un warranted attack on the secret service division of the treasury department and its chief. The opening paragraph includes, for instance, statements like the following: "He (the chief of the division) and his men are desirous of doing the se cret detective work for the whole gov ernment and are not particular about drawing the line between the lawmak ers and the lawbreakers. They are ready to shadow the former as well as the latter." Then, after saying that congress will insist that the men shall only be used to stop counterfeiting, the article goes on: "Congress does not intend to have a Fouche or any other kind of a min ister or police to be used by the execu tive departments against the legisla tive branch of the government. It has been so used, and it Is suspected that it has been so used recently. - The legislative branch of the govern ment will not tolerate the meddling of detectives, whether they represent the president, cabinet officers, or only themselves. Congressmen resented the secret interference of the secret service men. who for weeks shadowed some of the most respected members of the house and senate. When it was discovered that the secret service men were shadowing i congressmen there was a storm of in dignation at the capitol and the bu reau came near being abolished and the appropriation for the suppression of counterfeiting cut off. - At another time the chief of the secret service had his men shadow congress men with a view to involving them in scanaais tnat would enable the bureau to dictate to them as the price of si lence. The. secret service men have shown an inclination again to shadow members of congress, knowing them to be law makers, and this Is no joke. Several of the depart ments have asked congress for secret funds for investigation, and treasury department wants tne limitation re moved rrom the appropriation for suppressing counterfeiting. This shows a tendency toward Foucheism and a secret watch on other officials than themselves." Land Frauds. At the time of this publication the work, of the secret service, which was thus assailed, included esDeciallv the. in vestigation of great land frauds in the west, and the securing of evidence to neip tne department of Justice in the Deer trust investigations at Chicago, which resulted in successful nrosec.u- tions. in View of Mr. Busbey's nosition. I have accepted the above quoted state ments as fairly expressing the real meaning and animus of the attacks made in general terms on the use of the secret service for the punishment of criminals. Furthermore, in the per formance of my duty, to endeavor to nna tne reelings or congressmen on public questions of note. I have fre quently discussed this particular matter with members of congress: and on such ocoasions the reasons alleged to me for tne Hostility or congress to the secret service, both by those who did and by those who did not .share this hostility, were almost invariably the same as those set forth in Mr. Busbey's article. I may add. by the way. that these al legations as to the secret service are wholly without -foundation in fact. But all of this is of Insignificant im portance compared with the main, the real issue. This issue is simply, Does congress desire that the government shall have at its disposal the most effi cient instrument for the detection of criminals and the prevention and pun ishment of crime, .or does it not? The action of the house last May -was em phatically an action against the interest of Justice and against the interest of law-abiding people, and in its effect of benefit only to lawbreakers. I am not now dealing wth motives; whatever may have been the motive that Induced the action of which I speak, this was be yond all question the effect of that ac tion. Is the house now willing to rem edy the wrong? For a long time I contented my self with endeavoring to persuade the house not to permit the wrong. speaking informally on the subject with those members who, I believed, knew anything of the matter, and communicating officially only in the ordinary cnannels, as through the secretary of the treasury. In a letter Millionaires Eat Grape-Nuts It has helped some of them make their money. "There's a Reason" to the speaker on April 30, protesting against the cutting down of the appropriation vitally necessary If the Interstate Commerce commission -was to carry Into effect the twentieth sec tion' of the' Hepburn law, I added: "The provision . about the employ ment of the secret service men will work very great damage to the gov ernment In Its endeavor to prevent and punish crime. There la no more foolish outcry than this against "spies'; only criminals need fear our deteotlves." (I inclose copy of the whole letter, marked "Appendix C." The postscript Is blurred in my copy book, and two or three of the words can not be deciphered.) These meth ods proved unavailing to prevent the wrong. Messrs Tawney and Smith, and their fellow members on the appropriations committee paid no heed to the protests; and as the obnoxious provision was incorporated in the sundry civil bill. It was im possible for me to consider or discuss it on its merits, as I should have done had it been In a separate -bill. Therefore I have now taken the only method available, that of discussing it In my message to congress; and as all efforts to secure what I regard as proper treatment of the subject with out recourse to plain speaking had failed, I have spoken plainly and di rectly, and have set forth the facta In explicit terms. ' Covered Wide Range. Since 1901 the investigations covered by the secret service division under the practice which had been for many years recognized as proper and legiti mate, and which had received the sanc tion of the highest law officers of the government have covered a wide range of offenses against the federal law. By far the most important of these related to the public domain, as to which there was uncovered a far reaching and widespread system of fraudulent, transactions involving both the Illegal acquisition and the illegal fencing of government land; and, in connection with both these offenses, Xhe crimes of perjury and subornation of perjury. Some of the persons involved in these violations were of great wealth and of wide political and social In fluence. Both their corporate associa tions and their political affiliations, and the lawless character of some of their employes, made the investigations not only difficult but dangerous. In Colo rado one of the secret service men was assassinated. In Nebraska it was necessary to remove a United States attorney and a United States marshal before satisfactory progress could be made in the prosecution of the of fenders. The evidence In all these cases was chiefly secured by men trained In the secret service and detailed to the de partment of Justice at the request of that department and of the department of the interior. In the state of Ne braska alone sixty defendants were in dicted; and of the thirty-two cases thus far brought to trial twenty-eight have resulted In conviction; two of the prin cipals, Messrs. Comstock and Richards, men of wealth and wide Influence, be ing sentenced to twelve months In Jail and fined $1,500 each. The following secret service memorandum made in the course of a pending ease illustrates the ramifications of interest with which the government has to deal: "Charles T. Stewart, of Council Bluffs, was . indicted at Omaha for conspiracy to defraud the govern ment to the title to public lands in McPherson county. Neb.; also In dicted for maintaining an unlawful in closure of the public lands, and also under Indictment for perjury in con nection with final proof submitted by him on lands filed on by him as a homestead. In his final proof he swore that he and his family had (re sided on the lands in McPherson county (which are within his unlawful inclosure). when as a matter of fact his family has at all times resided in Council Bluffs. Iowa. He is engaged in the wholesale grocery business, his store, being located in Omaha, In the wholesale district there. He is re puted to be quite wealthy. Stewart's attorneys are Harl & Tlnley, of Coun cil Bluffs, Iowa, who are also the at torneys of that place for the Omaha and Council Bluffs Street Railway company, in which company Harl holds considerable stock. Stewart be ing also a stockholder and possibly a director of the company. He is also represented in Omaha by W. . J. Con nell, one of the attorneys there for the same company. Stewart - is also represented in his perjury case by 'Bill' Gurley, of Omaha, Neb., who at one time was quite closely connected in a political way with the U. P. R. R. company; Stewart is also closely associated with C. B. Hazleton, post master at Council Bluffs. Harl & Tinley and Hazleton are all members of the same lodge. Another close per sonal friend of Stewart's Is Bd Hart, alias 'Waterworks' Hart, president of the Council Bluffs Water company, and interested in the street railway. Stewart's father was interested in, and practically owned and controlled, during his lifetime, a large ranch along the U. P. R. R. In Nebraska, and did a great deal of business with that road." Concerning this case the United States attorney at Omaha states: "There are three cases against Stewart, one for fencing, one con spiracy, one perjury, all good cases and ehances of conviction good." Much Land Recovered. In connection with the Nebraska pros ecution the government has by decree secured the return to the government of over a million acres of grazing land; in Colorado of more than 2,000 acres of mineral land, and suits are now pending involving 150,000 acres more. All these investigations in the land cases were undertaken in consequence of Mr. Hitchcock, the then secretary of the interior, becoming convinced that there were extensive frauds committed in his department; and the ramifications of the frauds were so far-reaching that he was afraid to trust his own officials to deal in thoroughgoing fashion with them. One of the secret service men ac cordingly resigned and was appointed in the interior department to carry on this work. The nrst thing he discover ed was that the special agents' division or corps of detectives of the land office of the interior department was largely under the control of the land thieves; and in consequence the investigations above referred to had to be made by se cret service men. If the present law. for which Messrs. Tawney, Smith, and the other gentle men I have above mentioned are respon sible, had then been in effect, this ac tion would have been Impossible, and most of the criminals would unques tionably have escaped. No more strik ing Instance can be Imagined of the de sirability of having a central corps of skilled investigating agents who can at any time be assigned, if necessary in large numbers, to investigate some vio lation of the federal statutes, in no mas ter what branch of the public service. In this particular case most of the men investigated who were public servants were in the executive branch of the government. But in Oregon, where an enormous acreage of fraudulently alien ated public land was recovered for the government, a United- States senator, Mr. Mitchell, and a member of the lower house, Mr. Williamson, were convicted on evidence obtained by men trans ferred from the secret service, and an- i other member of congress was indicted- , From 1901 to 1904 a successful in vestigation of naturalization affairs was made by the secret service, with, the result of obtaining hundreds of convictions of conspirators who were convicted of selling fraudulent papers of naturalization. (Subsequently, congress passed a very wise law pro viding a special service and appro priation for the prevention of natural ization frauds; but unfortunately, at the same time that the action against the secret service was taken, congress also cut down the appropriation for this special service, with the result of crippling the effort to stop frauda In naturalization.) The fugitives Greene and Gaynor, implicated in a peculiarly Dig government contract fraud, were located and arrested In Canada bv the secret service, and thanks to this they have since gone to prison for their crimes. The secret service was used to assist In the Investigation of crimes under the peonage laws, and owing partly thereto numerous convictions were se cured and the objectionable practice was practically stamped out, at least in many districts. The most extensive ' smuggling of silk and opium In the history of the treasury department was investigated by agents of the se cret service in New York and Seattle and a successful prosecution of the of fenders undertaken. Assistance of the utmost value was rendered to the de partment of justice In the beef trust, investigation at Chicago, prosecutions were followed up and fines inflicted. The cotton-leak scandal in the agri cultural department was investigated! and the responsible parties located. What was done in connection with lot tery investigations is disclosed in a letter Just sent to me by the United States attorney for Delaware, running as follows: "The destruction of the Honduras Na tional Lottery company, successor to the Louisiana Lottery company, was entirely the work of the secret service. This excellent iwork was accomplished by Mr. Wllkie and his subordinates. I thought It might be timely to recall this prosecution. -v Fines Collected. Three hundred thousand dollars In fines were collected by the government in the lottery cases. AgpJn. the ink contract fraud in the bureau of engraving and printing (a bureau of the treasury de partment) was investigated by the secret service and the guilty parties brought to justice. Mr. Tawney stated in the debate that this was not Investigated by the secret service but bv a clerk "down there," conveying the impression that the clerk Was not In the secret service. As a matter of fact, he was in the secret service; his name was Moan, and he was promoted to asisstant chief for the excellence of his work in this case. The total expense for the office and field force of the secret service last year was XL35.OQ0; and by this one investigation they saved to the govern ment over J100.000 a year. Thanks to the restriction imposed bv congress it Is now very difficult for the secretary of the treasury to use the secret service freely even in his own department: for instance, to use them to reoeat what they did so admirably in the case of this ink contract. The government Is further crippled by the law forbidding it to employ detective agencies. Of course the government can detect the most dangerous crlmn, and punish the worst criminals, only by the use. either of the secret service or of trivate detectives: to hamper it in using he one. and forbid it to resort to the other, can inure to the benefit of none save the criminals. The facts above (riven show beyond pos sibility of doubt that what the secretary of the treasury and I had both written, prior to the enactment of the obnoxious provision, and what I have since written in my message to the congress, state the facts exactly as they are. The obnoxious provision is ot benefit only to the criminal class and can be of benefit only to the criminal class. If it had been embodied in the law at the time when I became president all the prosecutions above men-, tloned. and many others of the same gen eral tvne. would either not have been un dertaken or would have been undertaken with the government at a Kreat disadvan tage; and many, and probably most, of the chief offenders would have gone scot free instead of being punished for their crimes. Such a body as the secret service, such a bodv of trained investigating agents, oc- ' cupying a permanent position In the gov ernment service, and separate from local investigating forces in different depart ments, is an absolute necessity if the best work Is to be done against criminals. It is by far the most efficient instrument possible to uee against crime. Of course the more efficient an instrument is, the more dangerous it Is if misused. To the argument that a force like this can be misused it is only necessary to answer that the condition of its usefulness If handled properly is that it shall be so effi cient us to be dangerous if handled im properly. Any instance of abuse by the secret service or other Investigating force in the- departments should be unsparingly punished: and congressi should hold itself ready at any and all times to Investigate the execulave deoartments whenever there Is reason to believe that any such in stance of abuse bas occurred. 1 wish to emphasize my more than cordial acquiescence In the view that this Is not only the right of congress, but emphati cally its duty. To use the secret service in the investigation of purely private or political matters would be a gross abuse. But there has been no single instance of such abuse during my term as president. In conclusion. I most earnestly ask, in the name of good government and decent administration. In the name of honesty and for the purpose of bringing to Justice violators of the federal Taws wherever they mav be found, whether In public or private life, that the action taken by the house last year be reversed. When this action was taken, the senate committee, under the lend of the late Snator Allison, having before it a strongly-worded protest (Appendix B) from Secretary Cortelyou like that he had sent to Mr. Tawney, ac cented the secretary's views; and the sen ate nassed the bill In the shape presented bv Senator Allison. In the conference, however, the house conferees Insisted on the retention of the provision they had inserted, and the senate yielded. The chief of the secret service Is paid a salary utterly inadequate to the im portance of his functions and to the ad mirable way In which he has performed them. I earnestly urge that It be Increased to 16.000 per annum. I also urge that the secret service be placed where It proper ly belongs, and made n bureau In the de partment of Justice, as the chief of the secret service has reteatedly requested; bt whether this Is done or not. It should be explicitly provided that the secret ser vice can.be used to detect and punish crime wherever It is found. The White House. January 4, 1909. WHKN Grandmother Gray wish ed a new bed, she put some eggs under an old goose and waited patiently until the goslings came forth, then she cooped them up on rainy days and chased them from the garden on sunshiny days until they had reached the age of maturity, then -from time to time she plucked the feathers and in a year or two she had saved enough to make a bed. Tou find that the mattress man has provided you a much better bed and has it right at hand. Do you use WESTON BREAD or are you back In grandmother's time on the bread question? Tou will find it wrapped in waxed pa per. The Ideal Bakery Ths Place That's Different Hell A Schieter, Props. Telephone 1 90 .121 West Sixth Street