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THE TOPEKA DAILY STATE JOURNAL SATURDAY. EVENING, JANUARY 1, 1910.
STOW BF 1909 Important Events at Home and Abroad. THE NORTH POLE REACHED Happenings the World Over Classi fied Political and Personal Af fairs, Sporting Contests, Accidents Dae to Storms, Floods and Earth quakes Conventions and Items of Miscellaneous Interest. POLITICAL AND PERSONAL ! JANT7ARY. 8. The president's special message on the secret service rejected by the house of representatives. 80. Secretary of State Elihu Root elected United States senator by the - New ' York legislature. Gen. Jose Miguel Gomez proclaimed president of Cuba. SB. Governor General Ma. goon formally i turned over the government of Cuba I to President Gomez. FEBRUARY. President Elect William H. Taft form ally opened the Pacific end of the Panama canal. France and Germany signed a Moroc co pact. King Edward VIL received In Berlin, the first visit of a British king to the German capital in 186 years. KIRCH. Inauguration of W. H. Taft as twenty-seventh president of the United States. 60th congress ended. President Taft nominated his cabinet officers as follows: Philander C Knox, secretary of state; Franklin Mao Veegh, the treas ury; Jacob M. Dickinson, war; George von L. Meyer, navy; R. A. Balllnger, inte rior; James Wil son, agriculture; Charles Nag-el, commerce and la bor; Frank H. Hitchcock, post master general; TTT TIM ..1, President Taft. Vsham attorney Cop?ighti, by general. Paoh Bro"' Special session of the 61st congress IS. 17. 23. 29. 1. 10. 13. 18. 84. opened; Joseph G. Cannon elected speaker of the house. Tariff bill framed by the Republican members of the ways and means com mittee of congress introduced In the house by S.reno E. Payne, chairman of the committee. Ex-President Theodore Roosevelt sail ed from New Tort for Naples on the Hamburg-American liner Hamburg. An agreement reached by Austria and Servla effecting peace in the Balkans. APRIL. The last of the United States troops left Cuba. The Payne tariff bill passed the house by a vote of 317 to 61. Turkish garrison in Constantinople mutinied and expelled the Young Turks ministry. Ultimatum of Toung Turks to parlia ment. The Toung Turks gained complete control of Constantinople, making the i Sultan Abdul Hamld prisoner In his t , palace. 1 'S7. Abdul Hamld II.. sultan of Turkey, i formally deposed by the Constitutional party and his brother, Mohammed I Reschad, chosen- successor. j 29. 250 leaders of the army mutiny of April 13 In Constantinople executed for conspiracy. MAT. 10. Mohammed V., Turkey's new sultan, invested with the sword of sovereignty at Constantinople. 17. Gen. Stoessel and Admiral Nebogatoff, who were serving sent ices for neg lect of duty in the late war, pardoned by the czar. 18. Or. Charles William Eliot retired from the presidency . of Harvard after 40 years service. IS. Abbott Lawrence Lowell assumed the presidency of Harvard university. JUXY. 8. The senate passed its amended tariff bill by a vote of 45 to 84. 9. Riotous Bolivians attacked the Ar gentina legation at La Paz in protest against Argentina's decision in the Pe ruvian boundary dispute. 14. Prince von Bulow, chancellor of the German empire, retired from office and was succeeded by Dr. von Bethmann Hollweg. Royal troops of Persia de feated by the Nationalists at Teheran tL Diplomatic relations severed between Bolivia and the Argentine Republic upon the initiation of Argentina. 86. An anti-Diaz political riot at Guada lajara, . Mexico, resulted in wrecking i the town. Anti-Moroccan war ,riot In Barcelona, Spain. AUGUST. 8. The Russian Emperor Nicholas re ceived as the gueat of King Edward ' VIL of England at Cowes. 6. The Payne tariff bill finally passed the senate: congress adjourned. IX Samuel R. Van Zandt, ex-governor of Minnesota, elected commander In chief of the G. A. R. at Salt Lake City. ' taPTlMSIR. 1. Dr. Frederick A. Cook announced the discovery by him of the north pole on April ZL 1908. T. Peary cabled from Indian Harbor, Labrador, that he reached the north pole April 6, 1909. IS. President Taft started from Boston on his 13,000 mile trip. Marriage at Ding' wall, Scotland, of Miss Anita Stewart of New York to Prince Miguel of Bra ganza, a claimant to the throne of Portugal. OCTOBER. IX. American minister to China, Charles R. Crane, recalled from his mission by the secretary of state. I8k Meeting of the provincial assemblies of China under the new constitutional pro gram. Prof. Francisco Ferrer, Spanish revolutionary teacher, executed at Bar celona. IS. President Taft and President Diaz of Mexico met at El Paso. Tex. tL Cabinet crisis in Spain, result of the execution of Prof. Ferrer, the revolu- ' tlonist, on Oct. IS. B. Czar Nicholas made a triumphal en try Into Italy, guest of King Victor Emmanuel. NOVEMBER. & Judge W Ham J. Gaynor elected mayor of New ark on the Democratic tick et; elect lo a a general reverse for Tam many Hall. Municipal reform defeat ed In San Francisco. Tom Johnson I beaten by H' tan Baehr In Cleveland ' mayoralty elecion. , t, -Gold medal voted to Peary for having reached the north pole by the National Geographic sooiety. 10. President Taft reached Washington at the end of his trip. 80. British house of lords rejected) the Liberal budget by a vote of 350 to 76. DECEMBER. L The state department handed Senor Rodriguez, Nicaraguan charge d'af - f aires In Washington, his passports, virtually demanding the organization of a new government to replace Ze laya's. S. Regular session 61st congress opened. William J. Calhoun of Chicago ap pointed minister to China. T. President Taft's first annual message presented to the congress. 13. Judge H. H. Lurton appointed justice of the United states supreme court. 16. President Zelaya placed his ' resigna tion in the hands of the Nicaraguan congress. 23. Prince Albert formally succeeded tc the Belgian throne. - JANUARY. - 17. Loss of 1800,000 by the burning of 34! autos in storage in Boston. 19. Loss of nearly $700,000 by fire In the woolen mills at North Chelmsford, Mass. 22. Fire on the wharfs of Galveston caused loss of 3500,000. 29. Loss of 3600,000 In a department store fire In St. Paul. APRIL. 2. Fire in Fort Worth, Tex., wiped out ten blocks and property valued at 35, 000,000 ; 6 deaths. 11. Fatal fire in the business section of Lenox, Mass.; 6 deaths; loss nearly 3300,000. 14. Fire destroyed 3 churches, 40 dwell ings and a business block In Rochester, N. Y.; loss nearly 3500,000. MAY. 18. A 31.600,000 fire in Akron, O. SL Loss of $1,000,000 by the burning of the Nevada grain docks at Port Costa, CaL JUNE. 24. Fort William Henry hotel, noted hos telry on Lake George, burned; loss about $250,000. AUOUST. 10. Montlcello, N. Y.. a popular summer resort, nearly destroyed by fire; loss about 31,000,000. 22. Fire in the business district of De- ' catur. III., caused a loss of $1,000,000. DECEMBER. 2. Flames destroyed 5 buildings In tha business district of Baltimore; loss es timated at about $1,000,000. . Fire in the business district of Kala mazoo, Mich., caused a loss of 3750,000. 12. The Racine Manufacturing company's plant and other buildings burned at Racine, Wis.; loss 3660,000. MARCH. 2. Oro Morningstar won the champion ship of the world at 18.2 balk line bil liards, defeating George F. Slosson, the 1S.1 champion, in New York city; final score, 600 to 214. 23. Opening of the Ormond-Daytona beach auto race. David Bunco Brown, driv ing a Benz car, lowered the amateur record for 10 miles to 6 minutes 16 sec onds; previous record 6 minutes IS sec onds. APRIL. 8. Oxford won the 66th annual varsity race on the Thames, beating Cam bridge by 3 lengths. Henri St. Yves of France won the international Mar athon for professionals In New York. MAY. 8. St. Yves won the International Derby in New York, covering 26 miles and 386 yards in 2 hours, 44 minutes and & seconds. 13. King James won the Metropolitan nanaicap at Belmont park. New York. 26. King Edward's Minora won the Eng lish uerby. ' - JUNE. 3. King James won the Brooklyn handi cap at Gravesend. 6. Balloon race start at Indianapolis, Ind 13. W. K. Vanderbllt's Negofol won the French Derby at Chantllly. 24. Fltzherbert won the Suburban handi cap at Sheepshead Bay. 27. Verdun, Rothschild owner, won the , Grand Prix over the Longchamp.i course, near Paris. JULY. L Harvard won the varsity race over Yale at New London. 2. Cornell won the varsity ' eight oared race at Foughkeepste. C. The champion polo cup, whloh had been held in England 23 years, won back by the Meadowbrook (Long Is land) polo team. 8. The Belgian crew won the Grand Chal lenge cup at Henley, England, defeat ing the Cambridge crew. SEPTEMBER. 7. The Taft cup trophy in the German American sonderklasse yacht races won by the American yacht Joyette of Marblehead, Mass. OCTOBER. 3. Detroit won the pennant In the Amer ican Baseball league. 7. Pittsburg won the National Baseball league pennant. 13. A. Holland Forbes won the Lahm cup in the balloon race from St. Louis. landing near Richmond, V., and cov ering 731)4 miles in 19 hours and 15 minutes. C Pittsburg (National Baseball league) won the world's championship from Detroit (American Baseball league) at Detroit. Jack Johnson defeated Stanley Ketchel In 12 rounds for the heavyweight championship at San Francisco. 17. Henri St. Yves won the Marathon Derby at Seattle in 2 hours, 32 min utes and 39 sec onds. SO. Vanderbilt cup race won by H. F. Grant, driving a 60 horsepower Alco car an average of 62.8 miles an hour Jack Johnson. for 278.08 miles. Pennsylvania beat Carlisle Indians at football, 26 to 6, on Franklin field. Chicago beat Minneso ta at football, 20 to 6, at Minneapolis. NOVEMBER. 13. Yale defeated Princeton, 17 to 0,' at New Haven. Michigan defeated Penn sylvania. 12 to 6, at Philadelphia Game between Cornell and Chicago at Ithaca resulted in a score of 6 to 6 Minnesota won the western football conference title from Wisconsin by 34 to 6 at Madison. 20. Brown defeated Carlisle Indians at football, 21 to 8, In New York. Yale beat Harvard, 8 to 0, in Cambridge. Michigan won the all western football title from Minnesota, 15 to 6. at Min neapolis. 29. James J. Jeffries and Jack Johnson signed to box for the heavyweight championship, 46 rounds or more. - DECEMBER. 3. Calvin Demarest won the 18.2 balk line billiard title from George Sutton In New York. C John Clarke and Walter Rutt won the 6 day cycle race, covering 2,660 miles 1 lap, at Madison Square Garden, New xork. JWORKOF .STORM AND FLOOD JANUARY. 23. 60 villages destroyed and 8,000 people killed by an earthquake in Persia. 80. Severe earthquake shocks In Spain. FEBRUARY. 23. 13 killed and scores Injured by a tor nado which swept over eastern Arkan sas. MARCH. 8. 29 killed and 74 Injured In a tornado at Brlnkley, Ark. 10. Cyclone wrecked 100 houses at Cuth bert, Ga. ; 6 deaths. APRIL. 7. 18 deaths in a hurricane which swept the middle west from Mississippi to Pennsylvania. 21. 7 persons killed and property valued at $1,000,000 ruined by a windstorm at Cleveland. 30. Over 200 persons killed and millions In property destroyed by tornadoes which swept the south, including Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi and Georgia. . MAY. 29. Many lives lost in a cyclone which swept over North Dakota and western Minnesota. 22 persons killed and 40 in jured in Oklahoma by tornadoes. 30. Over SO persons killed and upward of 100 Injured in a windstorm at Zephyr, Tex. JUNE. 10. 11 persons killed and scores injured in . a series of tornadoes which swept over Texas. 1L 100 deaths in an earthquake which ruined the towns of St. Cannat and Rognes, France. JULY. ' L Severe earthquake shocks at Regglo and Messina, scene of the devastation in December, 190S. 16. 300 persons killed by an earthquake In southern Greece 18. 16 persons killed and IS Injured by a sudden storm in New York. 2L 21 persons killed in a hurricane which swept over the gulf of Mexico and struck Galveston and the neighboring coast. 80. Destructive earthquake shocks at Aca pulco and Cbllpancingo, Mexico. 81. Mexico City shaken by earthquake. AUOUST. 28. Floods at Monterey. Mexloo, caused a loss of over 10,600 lives and destroyed property valued at $30,000,000. SEPTEMBER. 19. Beginning of a West India hurricane which created wide havoo on the northern gulf coast; heavy loss of life and great damage to property. OCTOBER. f. A West India hurricane devastated tha west coast of Cubs, nearly wrecked Key West and swept up the Florida and Carolina coasts. ZL Earthquake at Catania, Sicily; Vesu vius again active. NOVEMBER. i. Beginning of a rainstorm In the Island of Jamaica, which caused many 'deaths, and the destruction by landslides, wrecks of shipping and inundation of property estimated at 37,000,000. I MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS JANUARY. 19. Centenary of the birth of Edgar Al lan Poe celebrated. FEBRUARY. I The cruising battleship fleet sailed from Gibraltar, homeward bound. 12. Centenary of the birth of Abraham Lincoln celebrated. 15. Memorial services for United States seamen who perished on the Maine in Havana harbor on this date in 189S held in Arlington National cemetery. 19. Lieut. E. H. Shackleton, R. N., com mander of the antarctic expedition, planted the Union Jack at latitude 82.23, about 111 miles from the south pole. 22. The battleship fleet reached Hampton Roads. Dr. W. T. Bull, noted surgeon and cancer expert, died in Savannah. MARCH. 4, The publishers and one editor of the New York World indicted by the-federal grand jury in New York city. 10. Standard Oil acquitted in the railway rebate case. 12. Lieut. Joseph Petrosini, noted Italian detective in New York, assassinated at Palermo, Italy. 21. Count Zeppelin's dirigible airship cre ated a world's record by carrying 27 persons 150 miles. APRIL. a. Commander Robert E. Peary, U. S. N., planted the stars and stripes at ' the north pole. 22. Hans Anderson, survivor of the crew of the fa mous Monitor in the fight with the Merrimac March 9, 1862, died in Brook lyn; aged 86. 24. Peter Fenelon Collier, founder of Collier's Week ly and a patron of outdoor sports, died in New York city; aged 60. 30. Daughter born to Queen Wilhelml na of Holland. Robert E. Peary. MAY. 3. The "commodity clause' of the Hep- burn act declared constitutional by the United States supreme court. killing of William E. Annis. 26. Maj. Israel C. Greene, the captor of John Brown at Harpers Ferry in 18o9, died at Mitchell, S. D.; aged 85. JUNE. ' i. Alaska-Yukon-Pacific exposition open ed at Seattle. 22. Daughter born to Queen Victoria of Spain. " JULY. 3. The Champlain tercentenary celebra tion commemorating the discovery of Lake Champlain began on the Ver mont shores of the lake. 11 Weston arrived In San Francisco, having accomplished a total distance of 3,895 miles in about 105 days, begin ning at New York March 15. 19. Passenger traffic opened between New York and Jersey City through the Hud son and Manhattan terminal tubes. 25. Louis Bleriot, French aeronaut, cross ed from Calais, France, to Dover, England, in an aeroplane, covering the distance (21 miles) in about 40 minutes. IS. Orvllle Wright made a new aeroplane record by remaining In flight 1 hour. 12 minutes and 36 seconds at Fort Myer. - 8L Orvllle Wright -made the required speed record for the army aeroplane at Fort Myer. flying an averago of - 42.5 miles an hour in a 10 mlAe right. The Chinese vice consul. Lock Wlngi shot dead in New York by a China man. 200 rioters summarily tried, con victed and executed at Barcelona. . Spain. AUGUST. 2. "Lincoln" pennies went Into circula tion. ft, Paulhan made a new . height record for aeroplanes, varying from 200 feet to 450 feet, at Douai, France. Centenary of the birth of Alfred Ten nyson celebrated. 7. Roger Sommer of France beat Wilbur ... v f S a 1 4 wrignra duration, record or i hours. SO minutes and 67 seconds by 6 min utes and 18 seconds at Mourmelon-Le-Grand, France.. - . 13. Cross country aeroplane record of 12 miles in 19V4 minutes made at Mlneola, N. Y., by C. F. Wlllard. 19. ftfalter Wellman aaoended in his dir igible balloon at Spitsbergen, bound for the north pole, meeting with an acoldent after traveling 86 miles, which indefinitely postponed the trip. ZL Opening of the aeroplane races at Rhelms, France. 22. 8 killed and many injured in a strik ers' riot at the Pressed Steel Car com pany's plant at Schoenville, Pa. 23. Glenn H. Curtlss, American aviator, made a speed record at the Rhelms races by covering 6 1-6 miles in 8 min utes 35 2-5 seconds. 25. Paulhan, French aviator, broke all records for length of unbroken flight, including Wilbur Wright's, by remain ing In the air 2 hours, 53 minutes and 24 seconds at Rhelms. 27. Henry Farman, English aviator, set a new record for heavier than air ma chines by covering 111.78 miles in 8 hours, 4 minutes and 56 2-6 seconds at Rhelms. 28. Glenn H. Curtlss won the Internation al aviator cup at Rhelms by traveling at the rate of 46.65 miles an hour and covering 12.42 miles in 15 minutes 60 8-5 seconds. The Spaniards at Melilla destroyed 100 Moors by exploding mines under their camp. 29. Centenary of the birth of Oliver Wen dell Holmes celebrated. SEPTEMBER. 4. Dr. Frederick A. Cook, the arctic ex plorer, who left civilization In the summer of 1907, landed at Copen hagen. 8. Capt. F. S. Cody, an American in . the British service, made across coun try aeroplane flight of 40 miles, cover ed in 1 hour and 3 minutes. 21. Dr. Frederick A. Cook, the explor er, arrived in New Dr. Frederick A. Cook. York. Peary reach ed Sydney, Nova Scotia. 85. The Hudson-Fulton celebration opened by a naval parade in New York har bor. 80. The ship Roosevelt, which carried the Peary exploring expedition, arrived at New York from the arctic region. OCTOBER. 1. Commander Robert K. Peary reached New York. International balloon goal race from Zurich. 8. Orvllle Wright broke the high flying record by soaring 1,600 feet at Potts dam. The Mars won the international goal race from Zurich, landing within 600 yards of the goal. C. Edgar W. Mix, American aeronaut, won the Gordon Bennett cup in the balloon race from Zurich, landing at Warsaw, Poland, after covering 696 miles. Statue of Verrazzano, reputed first discoverer of the Hudson, unveil ed In Battery park. New York. 16. Close of the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific fair at Seattle; total attendance about 8,750,000. 19. Opening of the Portola festival, com memorating the discovery In 1769 of the bay of San Francisco. NOVEMBER. C. Paulhan, French aviator, made a new record in flight, reaching an altitude . of 997 feet at Sandown park, London. 80. Standard Oil trust ordered to dissolve by the eighth "United States circuit court, sitting as a court of appeals. Switchmen's strike begun in the north 80. west. . DECEMBER. 12. P. F. Sheedy, noted sporting man and an authority on art, died in New York city; aged 69. 15. Senator John Raines, father of the Raines hotel law, died at Canandal gua, if. Y. Gen. W. W. Dudley, for merly commissioner of pensions, died in Washington; aged 67. Centenary of the birth of Right Hon. William Ewart Gladstone, British statesman, called the "Grand Old Man", of England, celebrated. 29. FEBRUARY. 18. National Congress of Mothers opened in. New Orleans. 27. American bowling congress opened In Pittsburg. MARCH. 29. Southern child labor congress met at New Orleans. SL The 125th annual conference of the Methodist Episcopal church met in Baltimore. APRIL. 19. National Society Daughters of the American Revolution met in Washing ton. 26. 6th congress of the International Wo man's Suffrage alliance opened in London. 29. 20th annual meeting of the National Society Sons of the American Revolu tion opened In Baltimore. MAY. 2. National peace congress met in Chica go. 18. National good roads congress met in Baltimore. . JUNE. 8. Reunion of United Confederate Veter ans at Memphis. Meeting, of the Amer ican Medical association at Atlantic City. 16. International CAuncil of Women met at Toronto. 29. The American Library association met at Bretton Woods, N. H JULY. L Forty-first annual convention of the National Woman Suffrage association met In Seattle. S. Convention of the American Institute of Instruction opened at Castlne, Me. 7. Anti-vivisection congress opened In London. International convention of the Christian Endeavor met at St. Paul. The Epworth league met in international convention at Seattle. 10. The International Air Navagation ex position opened in Frankfort. 28. World conference of the Y. M. C. A. opened at Barmen-Elberf eld, Germany. AUOUST. 9. National irrigation congress met at Spokane, Wash. Annual G. A. R. en campment opened in Salt Lake City. 17. The 43d annual convention of the Uni versal Peace union opened at Mystic, Conn. ). 6th International trades union congress opened in Paris. SEPTEMBER, C International Esperanto congress open ed at Barcelona. 14. The American Bankers' association met In Chicago. OCTOBER. 22. Annual convention of the National Women's Christian Temperance union opened at Omaha. 24. American Roadmakers' . association met at Columbus, O. NOVEMBER, 8. The American Federation of Labor met In Toronto. ' DECEMBER. 2& The 25th anniversary of the American Historical and the American Economis associations celebrated in New York. ICON DEATHS IN 1909 Noted People ! Removed -,v During the; Year. AN IMPRESSIVE LIST. Authors, Scientists, Statesmen, Art ists, Soldiers, Sailors and Kings In the World of Finance Appear In the Record The Boll Includes Royalty, and Civilians of Eminence at Home and Abroad. . JANUARY. U. Lily, duchess of Marlborough, daugh ter of the late Commodore Price of the United States navy, in London; aged EL 14. Vioe Admiral Rojestvensky, command, er of the Russian Baltic fleet when an nihilated by Togo's ships May, 1905, in the sea of Japan, in St. Petersburg; aged 60. 27. Benoit-ConstantCoquelin, noted French , actor, in Paris; aged 67. SL Miss Martha Flnley, author of the pop ular "Elsie Books," at Elkton, Md.; aged 81. . FEBRUARY. 8. John Gilmer Speed, journalist and au thor, at Mendham, N. J.; aged 66. 8. Catullus Mendes, noted French poet. In Paris. 18. Grand Duke Vladimir, uncle of tha czar of Russia, In St. Petersburg; aged 62. 19. Rear Admiral Charles S. Cotton, U. 9 N.,-retired, at Nice, France; aged 66. SL Carroll D. Wright, soldier, statistician and educator, at Worcester, Mass. aged 69. 85. Rev. Dr. Theodore Cuyler, noted min ister and author. In Brooklyn; aged 87. MARCH. L E. J. ("Lucky") Baldwin, well known turfman, at Arcadia, CaL; aged 8L ft John H. Starin, pioneer In river ar.d harbor transportation, in New York city; aged 84. 10. Maj. E. L. G. ZallnskL U. S. A., re tired, noted inventor and engineer, in New York city; aged 60. 16. Elinor MacCartney Lane, author of "Nancy Stair" and other novels, at Lynchburg, Va. Col. William Lamb, soldier, editor and lawyer, hero of the Confederate de fense of Fort Fisher in 1865, at Nor folk, Va.; aged 73. APRIL. Vice Admiral Cervera, who command ed the Spanish fleet at .Santiago in 1898, at Puerta Real, Spain; aged 70. Helena Modjeska, Polish tragedienne, at Bay City, Cal. : aged 68. F. Marion Crawford, novelist, at Sor rento, Italy; aged 65. Ethan Allen Hitchcock, ex-secretary of the in terior, in Wash inston: aged 74. 10. Algernon Charles Swinburne, poet and essayist, at Putney, England; aged 72. 14. Ex -United States Senator M. C. But ler of South Caro lina, at Columbia, 8. C. ; aged 73. Ex -United States Senator William Stewart of Neva . Marlon Craw ford. da, in Washington; aged 82. Charles Warren Stoddard, author and educator, in Monterey. CaL: aged 66. 27. Heinrich Conrled, Impresario, former director of the Metropolitan Opera House, in Meral, Austria; aged 64. 8. Ex-Governor Frederick Holbrook of Vermont, at Brattleboro ; aged 96. Olive Logan, formerly an actress, au thor and lecturer, near Sutton, Sur rey, England; aged 70. MAY. 8. Augusta Evans Wilson, author of "St. Elmo," "Beulah," "Vashti" and other popular novels of southern life, at Mo bile, Ala.; aged 74. 18. George Meredith, the English novelist. in London; aged 81. 19. Henry H. Rogers, financier and direct or of the Standard Oil company, in New York; aged 69. JUNE. Theodore Barth. noted German editor, publicist and authority on American affairs, at Baden-Baden; aged 60. CoL Alexander Kelly McClure, noted journalist, long prominent in Pennsyl vania politics, in Philadelphia; ageasL 10. Rev. Dr. Edward Everett Hale, dis tinguished clergyman, author and jour nalist, chaplain of the United States senate, in Roxbury, Mass.; aged 87. 20. Frederick de Martens, noted Russian scholar and diplomat, delegate to the Portsmouth peace conference in 1905, at St. Petersburg; aged 64. Sarah Orne Jewett, noted writer of stories of New England life, at South Berwick, Me.; aged 60. 80. Carrie Burn ham Kilgore, pioneer wo man lawyer, at Swartnmore, Pa.; aged 72. JULY. IL Prof. Simon Newcomb, noted astron omer, mathematician and traveler, in Washington; aged 74. 13. Frederick Fhlsterer, civil war veteran and noted military writer and statis tician, at Albany, N. Y.; aged 73. Louis Loeb, American artist and Illus trator, at Canterbury, N. H. ; aged 43. 18. Don Carlos, pretender to the throne of Spain, at Varese, Lombard y; aged 61. 20. Rosa Nouchette Cary, popular Eng. llsh novelist, In London. 25. Elizabeth Taylor Dandridge, daughter of President Zachary Taylor and mis tress of the White House during his term, at Winchester, Va.; aged 85. AUGUST. 16. Lady Alma-Tadema, wife of the cele brated painter Sir Laurence Alma Tadema and herself an artist of note, in London. 18. Sir Theodore Martin, English author and poet, in London; aged 93. 27, George Manville Fenn, English nov elist of the old school, in London; aged 73. SEPTEMBER. 4. Clyde Fitch, the playwright, at Cha-lons-sur-Marne, France; aged 44. 7. Henry B. Blackwell, anti-slaverlst and pioneer woman suffragist. In Boston; aged 84. Gen. James Shackleford, vet eran of the- Mexican' and civil wars, at Port Huron, Mich.; aged 82. . 8. Joel B. Erhardt, noted lawyer and po litical leader. In New York city; aged 70. Lieut, Gen. H. C. Corbln, U. S. A., retired, in New York city; aged 65. 9. Gen. Edward M. McCook, a civil war veteran and one of the "fighting Mc- Cooks" of Ohio, In Chicago; aged 64. 12. William Lloyd Garrison, son and namesake of the great anti-slavery leader and himself a widely known re former and publicist, at Lexington, Mass.: aned 7L- 14. Mayo Williamson Hazeltine, noted book reviewer and author, at Atlantic City; aged 68. 15. Baron Tweedmouth, late first lord of the British admiralty, t Yjondon; aged 80. - $L owttttot JBhn A. Johnson of Minne sota, at BoantiMr. Mtnn.: aarad 49, 82. Robert Boa 3d, head of the noted firm ox printing press manufacturers of New York and London, in London; - aged 70. "Major" Rodlna Nntt, last mala survivor of Bamuxa'a oalabratad t &u4ft troupe, at Do ro heater, Mass.; aged 69. Henrietta Chanfrao, an old tiine eatress who aupportea Forrest and the Booths, at Burlington, N. J.; ed 79. - ' ooroasm. 4 Albert Pulitaerr founder of the New York Journal and brother of Joaaph Pulitzer of the New York World, In Vienna: need 58. - 17. W. la. Buchanan, former American minister to Panama, in London. . 19. Cesare - Lombroeo, noted Italian crimi nologist and alienist, at Turin: aged 78. SL Patrick Henry MoCarren, Democratic leader in Brooklyn borough, New-York, in that city. - 25. CoL Theodore A. Dodge, U. S. A., re tired, noted military writer, in Paris; aged 77. S3. Rear Admiral Henry Erben, XT. 8. N., reiirea, a naval nero or the civil war. In New York city; aged 77. Gen. Oliver Otis Howard. U. a A., retired, at Bur lington, Vt. ; aged 79. Prince Hlrobuml Ito, distinguished Japanese statesman, former resident general of Korea, as sassinated at Harbin, Manchuria, by a Korean. NOVEMBER. . 4. Gen. John J. Coppinger, U. 8. A,, re tired, civil war and Spanish war vet eran, in Washington;' aged 76. . William Torrey Harris, noted philos opher and former United States com missioner of education, at Providence, R. I.; aged 74. - - 8. Lionel Brough, once noted comedian, In London. 18. Richard Watson Gilder, author and eaitor or xne wen- . tury Magaxlne, In New York city; aged 66. 19. William M. Laf fan, editor of the New York Sun, at Lawrence, N. Y.; - aged 6L 20. Consuelo, dowager duchess of Man ohester (nee Yzna- 1 J' ga), called the X" most influential Wf American woman In England, In Richard Watson Glider. London; aged&L 83. David A. De Ar- mond, one of the oldest and best known Democratic members of con gress, at Butter, Mo.; aged 66. DECEMBER. 4. Princess Waldemar, noted member of the royal family of Denmark, at Co penhagen. . 6. George Crocker, capitalist. In New York city; aged 63. 10. Red Cloud, once notorious as the fight ing chief of the Sioux, at Pine Ridge reservation; aged 86. 17. King Leopold IL of Belgium, at Brus sels; aged 74. 18. Gen. Green B. Raum, civil war vet .eran, congressman and former com missioner of pensions, in Chicago;' aged 80. Grand Duke Michael Nloholaie vitch. uncle of the czar of Russia, at Cannes, France; aged 77. JANUARY. 28. White Star liner Republic rammed by the Italian liner Florida off Nantuck et; 8 deaths and remarkable rescue of over 2,000 passengers before the Re public sank. FEBRUARY. 20, The Hamburg-South America liner Presidents Roca burned oft Peninsula 1 Valdes; loss (owners' report) 20 lives, (press reports) 266 of the passengers and crew. - ' JULY. 12. 14 sailors of the steamer J. B. Cowle drowned when that vessel collided with the Isaac M. Scott in Lake Su perior off Whiteflsh Point light. 14. The British submarine C-11 sunk in collision with the steamship Eddy- stone off Halsborough lightship; 13 of the crew drowned. AUGUST. 24. The North German Lloyd steamer Schlesein collided with the Argentine . excursion steamer Colombia in Monte video harbor and sank her wttn a loss of over 150 passengers. OCTOBER. 26. Steamer Hestla, from Glasgow, wreck ed off the Maine coast; 20 lives lost. NOVEMBER. 14. 109 deaths at the sinking of the Pa ciflo liner La Seyne after collision near Singapore. 27. The coasting steamer Argo wrecked oft Tillamook. Ore.; 14 lives lost. DECEMBER. 8. Steamer Elian Varnln wrecked In the Mersey: 12 passengers and 21 of the crew lost. Steamer Thlstlemor lost in Barnstable bay: 20 sailors drowned. 10. 8 lives lost by the foundering of car ferry Marquette and Bessemer No. a on Lake Erie. JANUARY. 10. 25 miners killed by gas explosion In Letter's colliery at Zieeler, 111. 12. ExDlosion in the Lick Branch mine. Bluefleld, W. Va., caused the aeatn or 100 miners. 14. Firedamp explosion in the Auka ooal mine at Veszprlm, Hungary, caused the death of 240 men. IS. 21 killed and many Injured In a col llsion on the Denver and Rio Grande railroad near Dotsero, Colo. - 2L By explosion and fire in the tempo rary crib of a tunnel under Lake Micn- igan oft Chicago about 70 workmen lost their lives. FEBRUARY. 16. Between 200 and 800 persons burned to death and scores injured in a nre which destroyed the Flores theater In Acapulco, Mexico. MAY. 12. Explosion of LOOO pounds of dynamite in the stone quarries at south uetnie- hem. near Albany, N. Y., caused a loss of 29 lives. JUNE. 20. 16 persons killed and 42 injured In a head-on collision of electric cars at Chesterton, Ind. AUOUST. 14. 9 killed and 60 hurt In a head-on col llsion on the Denver and Bio Grande near Colorado Springs, Colo. SEPTEMBER. 83. French dirigible military balloon Re- publlque wrecked near Moulins and 4 officers on board killed. - . OCTOBER. ' - 6. 30 deaths caused by a mine explosion at Nanaimo, B. C. NOVEMBER. i. 16 injured on the battleship North Da kota by the explosion of a boiler tube during a speed test. 13. Explosion in the St, Paul Coal com pany's mine near Cherry, 111., resulted in the death of nearly 200 miners. DECEMBER. 15. 14 killed and over 30 hart !n a wreck on the Southern railway near Reids- . - ville. N. C. - 17. 6 operatives killed in a factory flrw In . Philadelphia, - - JACCIDENTS HORSES FOR. HEAVY LOADS It is a real pleasure to have a team that can be relied upon to pull when ever wanted to do so. Any team if not of a too highly nervous tempera- uieui may De trained to perfect re liability. We need first of all to r. ognize that the horse has a mind and leasx the mental Qualities of m.m. ory and affection. The consideration paramount importance is to the feum's confidence in themselves and in their driver. It is just as t a horse as .of man that h win exert himself greatly over what he has o nope or accomplishing. But, different from man. the, hn-c. thinks of previous loads instead of the one to which he is attached. This is the reason a balky horse is apt to re- ruse to pull a very light load. He has ho way of estlmatine his loarl hut by. pulling upon it. Hitch a horse to very neavy load, let him pull upon then transfer him to anv emntv wag-on and start him. You will see mm gatner nimself for a heavy pull. He has in mind the heavy load.. . Had the horse been stalled with a heavy load and whiDDed until drivn- and horse were both certain hf etmW not pull it you would have a horse thoroughly broken not to pull. One writer say 8: "I have seen men who had horses given to pulling upon the halter put one on the puller they were confident the horse could not break and then whip him over the head in order to make him pull. "Nearly always when a horse finds h cannot pull loose he will walk up to ine mtcning post, l have heard men argue' that a horse could be so thor oughly broken in this wav thnt tnw string would hold him." There is some truth in it though not all horses are to be managed in the same way.' horsa of nervous temperament A GOOD TEAM FOB FULLING. should never be excited. He will al ways do his best In a -perfectly calm state of mind. The drivers of fast trotters have taught us this. They have also learned that to keep the horse calm all men in attendance must remain so. No passionate, pro fane man ever developed great speed in a horse nor trained a powerful pull ing team. With these general princi ples in view any team may be trained so that it will be a delight to work them. Have a definite and small vo cabulary to use with your team and always use the same word for one purpose. Keep the same two horses working together and always on the same side. Use open bridles, so that the team can see what is going . on around them. Keep all attachments strong, that your team will not be in fear of straining themselves through something break tog. Use close fitting collars and har ness and never allow a horse to be come sore from any part of the har ness. Teach your team to start to gether. Keep them strong and in good spirits by good and regular feeding and good care In every particular. Better Cattle. Rvervbodv acauainted with the con. ditlonB in this country can see that the -giving over of the cattle ranges to the small farmers is resulting in a pronounced Improvement in the breed of our cattle and an increase of the better grades. The old time cattlemen have fought hard to main tain the big ranges, but it was in evitable that the small farmers should take np the land little by little. The threatened cutting off of the meat sup ply is proving vain. Not only is there a little more cattle available for mar ket but the quality Is of a better grade. Making Good Butter. Bnttermaking. is so general that a great many people think there is lit tle to be learned regarding It but the making of high grade butter is a very difficult matter when one does not un derstand all of the requirements thor oughly. A factor which is positively necessary first last and all the time is perfect cleanliness. The stables must be clean, light and airy, the cows healthy and well groomed and their feed of the best quality. The milker should be very careful that no foreign matter contaminates the milk in any way. Barley For Feed. For some years the idea has been prevalent among many people that pigs refuse absolutely to eat barley. Spring pigs running in pasture accept the barley diet readily. When they have been fed corn and shorts until they have acquired a taste for them it may be somewhat difficult to get them, to. change to barley, but even under such conditions an appetite for barley can be created by the exercise of little care and patienca. Jr I i