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THE TOPEKA D AIT.v STATE jCV
13 V GUILTY BLEW UP THE TIMES. (Continued from Page 12.) HOW IT CAME ABOIT. Circumstances Leading Up to tlie Con fessions of the MeXamaras. Los Angeles,, Dec. 2. Asked as to when the compromise agreement fin ally was settled upon by which the MeXamaras were to plead guilty as they did. District Attorney Fredericks declared today that -'it never was set tled till it happened." frankly, I did not know that it wan really going to happen till the last minute, though I had every reason to expect it," ho declared. "I have learned never to say I have a thing until it is actually in my hands and I did not know but that after all the negotiations the defendants would fail to confess." He added that strong pressure was brought to bear upon the defense in the last twenty-four hours before the confessions, but would give no details. Informed that business interests were reported to have taken a hand in set tling the trial, the district attorney was inclined to minimize the report. "We gave them our ultimatum that both must nlead euiltv." he said. i ney were guilty ana ttify Knew it. They had a pretty good idea of some of the things we knew about and they perhaps saved many a revelation by their action." What the district attorney chiefly desired at all times was that both men piead guilty. Jt was said that James B. was ready to confess earlier if he could clear his brother of all charges, but the prosecutor was unwilling the state should overlook the matter of John J.'s guilt, though it might be more merciful in the recommendation for sentence. Cared Little for His Life. F ent that wn V a long time it has been appar- those who have studied the case James B. cared little about his life and gladlv would have gone 1 I his death if by such action he could ve cleared his brother. In arguing with James B. counsel showed him that to stand trial alone and bear a miction might not save John J. and thai the easiest way was for both to con. ess and to make an effort to get a lit ht sentence for John J. and life Imprisonment for James B. Attorney Scoti for the defense today declared i that J. J. McNamara haa been pre vail d upon fo plead guilty to the mi nor charge in connection with the LJeu'ellyn Iron Works explosion for the sake of saving his brother's life. "sn't it a fact," he was asked, "that the entire framework of these confes sions was to save John J., the brains of the dynamiting conspiracy, from death ?" "It was both brothers doing some thing for each other. James B. plead ed guilty to the murder charge be cause it would be waived against John J. The elder brother, John J., in turn, agreed to plead guilty to the Llewel jyn indictment because the ultimatum was that he, too, must plead guilty to the conspiracy charge. If he had not, James B. might have lost his life, for the state wanted pleas of guilty from both or none, as far as recommending clemency was concerned." Business Men Responsible. That the sentences will be a com promise is generally admitted, and that business men started the compro mise talk is also generally accepted. Just how faf", however, the commit tee of business men who gathered in the hope of suggesting a way to settle the McNamara affair were influenced by the gospel and religious principles which are supposed to have brought about the entire surrender of the Me Xamaras, assertions today varied from one extreme to the other. Many there were who considered it a moral fac tor, strong but apart from the main Asue, namely: a desire to conserve the interest or ousiness; oiners aeciareu that the business men realized if one side conceded a little and the other did the same, and if the spirit of re venge were swept aside and the spirit of charity applied, a bitter fight would come to an end. One of the three morning newspa pers here gave prominence to the en trance of the gospel and the principle of the Golden Rule in settling the trial, while the other two newspapers gave particular attention to the theory that the arrest of Burt H. Franklin on bribery charges forced the confession of the McNamaras. Lincoln Steffens Helped. The Los Angeles Tribune featured the closing of the McXamara case as having been brought by the gospel of Christ, and attributes to Lincoln Stef fens, the magazine writer, the credit of having brought local business men together to suggest the compromise. The Los Angeles Examiner announced that the McNamara defense crumbled as a result of the arrest of Burt Frank lin, while the Los Angeles- Times, the newspaper whose plant was destroyed and 21 employees killed, spread across Its front page that the MeXamaras were forced to confess through abso lute proof, and likewise dwells at length on the theory that the Frank lin arrest was "too much for the de fense." The confessions were received with much interest in labor circles here and the central labor council issued the following statement: "The central labor council of Los Angeles in its relations to the McXa mara case stands on its fundamental principles that it assumes in all the cases where the rights of citizens are . T 1 airainct lawlessness IUTWVW, U ' ' nd disorder of any kind and stands the uolift of society. vv nen tne VfVamaras were arrested and illegal ly deported from Indianapolis to Los Angeles, organized labor believed that It was a violation of law and under the circumstances a fair and impartial trial was impossible. Believing in the innocence of all unproven guilty, it came to the aid of the accused with Dead Hogs Removed Free Within 15 MILES HORSES and COWS Removed Free Within 5 MILES 35c per hundred paid for Hogs delivered. $1.50 pa d for Morse delivered. TOPEKA Rendering Co. Hoth Phones 361 The Two Brothers Who Have Plea moral and financial help. Upon the guilt of an accused person being estab lished the central labor council insists upon a rigid enforcement of the law." Attitude of Labor. E. H. Misner, president of the central labor council, declared in an interview: "The mere fact of a few men re sorting to crime does not by any means make the whole movement I wrong. We stand reaay ana- wining as ever to assist in maintaining, in every way possible law and order." That other persons implicated in dynamite conspiracies elsewhere may be arrested in Ban trancisco ana In dianapolis and that the MeXamaras may be called to testify was one of the reports early today. A story that was again current was the reported tampering with the sworn jurors. It was this phase of the case which it was thought early yesterday halted court proceedings and members of the prosecution are said to have admitted that they had worked for some time on an investigation along this line. The state, however, announced its in tention of pressing the Franklin case to a finish, and is said to be still work ing on clues which may result in fur ther revelations at the preliminary ex amination of Franklin next Monday. STORY OP THE PLOT. Ortie McManigal Goes Into Detail on the Times Job. Los Angeles. Dec. 2. Following the plea of guilty of the McNamara broth ers, Ortie McManigal talked freely of the dynamiting plots with some details about which there now is no further necessity for secrecy on his part. He said he first began dynamiting June 25, 1907. in Detroit, Mich., where the Russell Wheel Foundry company's building, then in course of construction, was destroyed. He skipped from that time until a year ago, when he was in the Conover woods in Wisconsin, with James B. McNamara and the latter, he said, told him then of having just pre viously dynamited the Times building. "We left the Conover woods about a year ago," said McManigal, "and I went back to my home in Chicago and lay around there for few days. It was De cember 8, last, that I received a letter from Indianapolis, signed 'Frank' and asking me to go to that city. 'Frank' meant James B. McNamara. as he at times used the name of Frank Sulli van. I went to Indianapolis and in John J, McNamara's office, I was given in structions by John J. himself regarding the Llewellyn job. He said it had been promised that a Christmas present was to be sent to Los Angeles and that I was to bring it. "James B. and I went to John J.'s, vaults on the fifth floor of the American Central building in Indianapolis, where his offices were, and took out a case specially made to carry nitro glycerine. The district attorney has that case in his possession here now. Took Twelve Quarts. "Well, that was December 9. We hired a rig and drove out to Beach Grove, an Indianapolis suburb, where we had the explosives cached. There was 12 quarts there and we took it all, leaving two empty cases. "We went back to J. J.'s office and I got instructions from J. J. himself to come to Los Angeles. He told me to put shots under the Llewellyn iron works and the Baker iron works and to be sure to put one under the Times auxiliary plant, 'to add a few more to the list' of the explosions and fires. "I left Chicago on December 12 for Los Angeles. I had 10 quarts of the dope in the special carrying case and two quarts in my suit case. I gave the case with the ten quarts in it to tlie porter to take care of. I gave him a dollar for his trouble. "Just before arriving at the depot on December 15 in Los Angeles, the train ran along bar the Bos Angeles river and I took special notice of the river as a good place to cache the dope. When I got here I went to the 'J v r?.;' " ' y ' JOHN ded Guilty to Los AnReles Times i'rxA Lewellyn Iron Works Dynamiting Outrages. fSssa Hotel Rosslyn and got a room under the name of T. F. McXee. Then I went back to the river, hid the stuff and marked the spot so I could not possibly fail to find it when I want ed it. "I had been told by J. B. how to get to the Llewellyn iron works. He said to go to the part of the city where the streets bore names instead of numbers, so I located it all right. It took me a few days, though, to find the Baker iron works. Looked Up the Times. "Then I looked about for the Times auxiliary plant. J. B. had told me to buy a copy of the Times and look on the edi torial page and I would find the address I did so. but I found only the business and editorial offices on Spring street, where the paper had moved after its building at First and Broadway had been blown up. "I finally found the auxiliary plant. They were setting up a new press there at the time. I had a long talk with the watchman. I looked the place over and decided it was too well guarded to do anything there. About 7:30, the night of December 24, I placed the whole 12 quarts of dope at the Llewellyn iron works, timing it to exp'.ode at 2 o'clock a. m. "About 9 o'clock that night I took the Southern Pacific valley train north to San Francisco, where I remained a few days and arrived back in Chicago New Year's day." At this this point in MeManigal's story Detectives McLaren and Barry, who were present, stopped him, saying as the crimes committed in Los Angeles were few compared to the whole number charged against the McNamara brothers and of which McManigal was said to have knowledge, it would not do for him to talk too much. The confessed dynamiter, however, was asked about his confession in which he told of having been instructed to see the "big chief" and a man named "Clancy" in San Francisco before coming to Los Angeles on the "Llewellyn job." but the defectives instructed him to men tion no person by name. That state ment, however, was made in a part of the court proceedings when his wife. Mrs. Emma McManigal, was a witness before the grand jury here last summer. "I haven't seen my wife since she left here," said McManigal bitterly. "Dar row promised her a life's living if she would desert me and she took him up. I suppose she'll soon be selling McXamara buttons again. There ought to be a big demand the next few days. I have scratched my uncle, George Behm, off the map, too. All T want to have is my chil dren, but I don't suppose I can have them if I have to go to prison." LOS ANGELES Samuel Gompers. Head of the Ameri can Federation of Labor. 6 ncNJiWv McLaren declared that Mrs. McManigal was fully cognizant of all her husband'3 dynamiting crimes, despite her state ments to the contrary. The detective stated that it was Mrs. McManigal who cut from the newspapers accounts of all the explosions caused by her husband, and kept them for him to show to John J. McXamara, as the secretary-treasurer of the International Association of Bridge & Structural Iron Workers al ways torcea Jvlc.vianigai to produce such clippings before he would pay him for the "job." AS GENERAL OTIS SEES IT. Says Result Will Be Beneficial to Organized Labor. Los Angeles, Dec. 2. General Har rison Gray Otis, publisher of the Times, has issued a statement declar ing that he had never denied the right of laborers of all classes to organize and act lawfully, and that the more enlightened leaders among Socialists and labor unions "found themselves unnerved and unmanned," and for this reason pressure was brought upon the accused men to confess. "The result may be and ought to be, of great service to organized labor it self which, with the criminal and mo nopolistic element eliminated, may go on in a career the like of which it can never achieve by making itself an ally of violence, proscription, monopoly and crime," says the statement. "With these elements eliminated, there is no reason why organized labor may not take a defensible stand in this coun try." The statement charges an alliance between Socialism and trade unionism, and of the confession itself, it says: "The truth of the confession of the McNamara brothers in open court is a great triumph for truth and law. It is proof of what we suspected from the outset that this unexampled crime was inspired by organized labor, or was done by desperate members of organized labor, who knew beforehand that they would have the sympathy of their lawless fellows their lawless not their lawful fellows." GOMPERS DIPOSED UPON. He Was Assured That the MeXamaras Were Innocent, He Says. New York, Dec. 2. Samuel Gom pers, president of th3 American Fed eration of Labor, on his way from TIMES BITLDFX G DESTROYED BY General Harrison Gray Otis, Owner of the Times. Washington, was dozing in a Pullman car on the Pennsylvania's Congres sional Limited, when he was awakened at a X'ew Jersey station by an Asso ciated Press representative. He re tired to the rear of the car where there was a convenient light, and read carefully the accounts of the sensa tional developments in the Los An geles dynamiting cases. The veteran leader was visibly af fected as he read how the men in whose defense he had spoken and worked so untiringly had admitted their guilt. Tears came into his eyes and the hand that held the typed pages shook. He said nothing, how ever, until he had finished the story and then broke forth with his excla mations of astonishment and indigna tion. "If this is all true, my credulity has been imposed upon," he declared. "I am astounded at this news. We have had the gravest assurances given to us by everyone connected with the trial, either directly or indirectly, that these men were innocent." "What effect do you imagine this will have on labor unions?" was in quired. To this Mr. Gompers snapped his fingers and ejaculated: "None." When the fund raised by the Amer ican Federation of Labor for the de fense of the McNamaras was mention ed. Mr. Gompers said contributions to date amounted to about $190,000, which had been turned over to the chief attorneys for the defense and the collection was still going on. He added that in view of developments the money probably would be re funded. Mr. Gompers bristled up noticeably when shown the statement by William J. Burns at Chicago. "I don't wish to mention Burns." he scid. decisively. He denied, however, that he had ever charged Burns with "planting" the dynamite at Los An geles. Reverting to the explosion. Mr. Gompers continued: Patriotic and Peace Loving. "We have discouraged acts like these. Wo are patriotic and peace loving men, and we have only a wish to call out the best elements of human nature. Those two men must have been crazy. ! It is an act that I condemn with all the j force that is in me." Asked again if he believed the de- I . elopments would injure the cause of labor, tears came into Mr. Gompers' j eyes as he answered: "They are not going to do it any good. But I want to repeat that the j cause of labor has been imposed upon, both by supposed friends and enemies. The men of labor were led to believe I that the McNamara boys were inno- j cent, and they acted on that belief. I i read letters from them myself, pro testing their innocence. Only last Sep- ' tember I visited them in the Los An- i geles jail, and they asked me to de liver to the labor interests a message that they were innocent men. "The cause of labor can not win by ' such methods as these men pursued. Damage to property and destruction of j 1 fe we have denounced, and done all in ur power to prevent. Such methods as these have got to be stamped out. "If. after it is known we have been im- , posed upon, we are denounced and at- ! tacked for supporting, the defense of these men. then l?t them denounce and attack. The American Federation of La bor is a li-w abiding institution." Mr. Gompers said he had known John J. McXamara for several years. "John was a very self-contained man, with a great fund of humor, and he was a good fighter," he said. "I would never have suspected him of this. I always be lieved in his innocence, but I would con demn the acts of these two men even if they had been able to get away with it without being convicted. This unexpected self-conviction is nothing more than a failure of two individuals to live up to the high principles of organized labor, and can not reflect just condemnation upon the cause of labor as a whole." Asked what action the American Fed eration of Labor might take, Mr. Gom pers said the news was too recent for him to make any prediction. "The American Federation of Labor only closed its annual meeting yester day," he added. "As to a possible spe cial meeting, it is too early to say." THOUGHT THEM BURGLARS. Police Were Kept in Ignorance When Arrests Were Made. Detroit, Mich., Dec. 2. When James B. McXamara and Ortie McManigal were arrested at Woodward avenue and High street here on the afternoon of April 12, last, the public gained no knowledge of the charges that were held against the prisoners and even the DYNAMITE. Clarence Darrovv, Attorney for Defense. the Vigilant Furnace Watch man, Automatically keeps your home warmed to aay fixed temperature desired Here's the crowning achievement in heat regulation. Does away with continual an noyance; in turning off and on your furnace burners. Works with clocklike precision and absolute accuracy. The Minneapolis Heat Regulator and Time Clock Attachment- Makes Temperature Right Day and Night It makes no difference how cold the weather may be outside or how change may come, the temperature of your horn will be perpetuated at any degree that you set this device, just as surely as an ac curate thermometer will change. You can set the clock like an alarm and by changing the in dicator on the Thermostat can carry a temperature as low as desired overnight and then one hour before you arise In the morning the clock silently and automatically raises the temper ature of your home before you get out of bed. Actually Saves Fuel by perpetuating the temperature at any desired degree. Does away with spasmodic bursts of heat and sudden reverses of cold. The whole trick is done by the "thermostat" you see pictured. This attractive, house thermometer, is affixed in your living room and connected with a valve controlling the supply of gas to your furnace. This thermometer is sensitive to the minutest change and immediately raises or lowers the flame in your fur nace. Thus keeping a uniform temperature of any degree at which you set the Indicator. It is perfectly adjustable and does not get out of order. It is GUARANTEED to maintain continuously any degree of heat wanted, and leaves absolutely nothing to be desired in comfort. . convenience and economy in your heating system We will be pleased at any time to demonstrate the working of this heat regulator and explain more fully the plan on which It operates. Consumers Light, Heat and Power Company 824- Kansas Avenue SEE THE POJRES A pancake baked from RALSTON HEALTH PANCAKE FLOUR on a SOAPSTONE GRIDDLE is full of little pores, like a sponge, something you will not find in any other mixture. This is not accidental, but due to the scientific mixture of the flour to aid the digestion. Very little starch, if any, is digested by the gastric juice of the stomach except in the presence of a diastase, or digestive principle. Ralston Pancake Flour contains an ex cess of the diastase of the wheat, which changes the indigestible starch into digestible dextrine, or "grape sugar." These little pores aid the digestion by allowing the secretions full access of all parts of the mass quickly. If you have been afraid to eat pan cakes because in the past you have suffered from " starch dyspsep sia," which is the cause of 90 per cent of stomach trouble, you will be surprised to find that Ralston Pancakes will not only digest easily, but actually aid the digestion of other starchy food. Sold by all First-Class Grocers Everywhere. Topeka Milling Company Topeka, Kansas Sole Manufacturers Detroit police who assisted the Chicago detectives in making the arrests were kept in the dark, so far as -any Los Angeles suspicions against the men were concerned. The two prisoners ware hurriedly taken to Chicago, with in a few hours, and it was not till April 22 that the stgry of their connec tion with the destruction of the Los Angeles Times building was made pub lic in Chicago. When they were taken from Detroit they were supposed to be notorious safe breakers, possessing the most re markable kit of tools ever seen by the Detroit iiolice. They were registered as Ortie McManigal. 32 and Frank Sullivan, 2 7, both of Chicago. Reports gained circulation here that they had been captured on the eve of initiating a campaign of safe breaking here and that they had just finished such a campaign in Chicago. It was even hinted that they had designs against the new $2,000,000 Michigan Central tunnel under the Detroit river, but this rumor was scouted by Michi gan Central officials. The unique burglar kit which at tracted so much attention at the time of the arrest was listed in the news papers as follows: Five storage batteries, two magazine revolvers, one short riiie with maxim muffler, two time clocks, suitable for attaching to safes, one kodak, - rolls of copper wire and bandages, wires with fuses attached, dry cell batteries, book of information about principal cities, jjsP j' I I suddenly Ends Winter's Troubles. To many, winter is a season of trouble. The frost-bitten toes and fingers, chap ped hands and lips, chilblains, cola-sores. red and rough skins, prove this. But such troubles fly before Salve. A trial convin of Burns, Boils, Piles ses, Eczemr. and Spi Campbell Lrug Co. Bucklen's A rnl. .. iler insulation tape, burglars' tools of all descriptions. Instruments for sain breaking, and a supply of cartridges. MIK 111.1,1, IS SHOCKED. Relieved Confidently In the Innocence of tlie Accused. Roanoke, Va., Dec. 2. John Mitch ell, vice president of the American Federation of Labor, and former presi dent of the United Mine Workers of America, when told of the confession of the McNamara brothers, said he was utterly shocked. "I confidently expected that the Mr- Samaras would be cleared, he clared, "and that It would be sh by experiments that the Times bulh was blown up by a gas explosion not bv dynamite. de- own ling and oftl tlon lent "From the beginning all of cers and leaders of the f asked the public to withhold ji until the McNamaras had been given a trial. This comes a a great shock to me.''