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THE TOPEKA DAILY STATE JOURNAL
CARE OF THE KIDS beyond Hp capacity and we are entirely at a loss to know at any time whether ; we can commit a delinquent boy to I that institution and have him admitted, i This is sometimes a very embarrassing: T 1 w ri i 1 1 mn p tko isllua"on m lne nanaung oi a large tillage . . SCIlOCn leilSOI menumV)er of delinquents, some of whom a noble woman. But herein, is the crl- Generally, she is not brought in until ticism, I wfsh to make. Many a girl she has been talked ami nagged almost unable to withstand the sting of re- "ew Juvenile Court. Confronts Many Strange New Situations. and GIRLS CAUSE WORRY Matron Should Guide the Way ward Girls. Records Show Decrease inTouth ful Criminals. Judge W. F. Schoch, of the Shawnee county probate court, believes the Juvenile court is solving a serious problem for the state in caring for the wayward boys and girls; and that thia work will result in a higher citi zenship than ever before attained in Kansas. In a speech before the Chari ties Conference at Ottawa this week. Judge Schoch told of the work in this cou.ity and predicted great returns from the new court. "What to do with the girl, is one of it is very necessary to give to under stand the industrial school will be his home if he does not improve his de portment. "Happily all delinquent boys are not sent to the industrial school. In fact, under the patient and exacting work of the juvenile judges only'a small per cent reach this institution and then only as a last resort. "I had a case like this whjch I watched with interest. A fourteen year old colored boy was brought in a year ago for stealing a part of a bicycle, an offense which is a source of great trouble in our city. He was paroled, reported from time to time, and then after a while no further reports were required. Not long ago, a complaint came in that he had violated his parole and was guilty of stealing a bicycle lamp. My first impulse was to send him to the industrial school and I se cured permission from the board of control for his admission. He emphat ically denied his guilt and insisted he had purchased the lamp from a boy of the same age. I have always con tended that when a child is charged with violating his parole and denies his guilt, that he is entitled to a trial and in no instance should he be tried for any offense without one or both of the parents being present. Trials, when spoken of in this connection, are not conducted with the usual formality the difficulties which Judge Schoch i of criminal proceedings, but the child says the court must solve. He believes and its parents must always be present . a matron should be provided in the ! and the child is entitled under every j larger counties and that such a woman j semblance of law to be confronted by j could gtiide the girls better than a his accusers. man. In this county many of these "in this case, the father and mother cases are turned over to the police j both insisted on the child's innocence. , matron, but he belK-ves such an officer j i warned them against the danger of ! should become a regular attache of the j taking the child's word for it and In- ! Juvenile court. sisted that they investigate the case f or j As an evidence of what the new themselves. I told the delinquent he fourt has done in Kansas, Schoch must produce the boy who sold him' points to the record ii this county and the property and gave him two weeks' that the cases of youthful criminals; to do it. In the meantime, I sent the have decreased 4 0 per cent in less than j probation officer to find the .boy from ' five years. Still there is much to do ; whom he- claimed to have purchased! and Schoch would have certain state j the stolen lamp, and learned that he : laws revised to cover the needs or tne had been out of the city for a period of new court. In his Ottawa speech at least a month before the offense was Schoch had the following to say con-1 committed. In two weeks, the de cerning the work of the Juvenile court in Kansas: Court Stands High. "The Juvenile Judges of Kansas in six years have brought the Juvenile court to the highest point of public estimation. This court is now an es tablished part of our jurisprudence This has all been done by hard and patient work and by educating the par ents of dependent and delinquent children that the power of the court is used for the welfare of the child in the exercise of parental duties which the parent for some reason is unable to perform. Six years ago the work was open Co hostility and criticism, it was an experiment and the conser vative and patient judges of the state felt their way ith care and caution. In the beginning, it was the disposition of parents to fight, and of an overcriti cal public to paint the delinquent child as a young criminal. In time, the par ent began to learn that the Juvenile court was a court of correction and not a court of punishment. The public began to see results and the delinquent boy became an object of public inter est, instead of an object of criticism. "Many times have the mothers of orphan children begged of me to send their children to the industrial schools where they could hope for their return at a future time, rather than send them to the State Orphans' Home and away from the mothex forever. In other words, the state under its present policy returns to the mother her de linquent boy, but takes away from her forever her innocent babe. Xeed More Room. "Nor has the state kept abreast of the times in other respects. With all the vast expenditure of money in the last six years, reaching a degree almost of opulency In the sums showered upon our state institutions of learning, and with all our increasing population, and the work of the Juvenile court, the State Industrial School has received additional capacity only for thirty-six boys. That institution is now crowded Play the Piano In One Hour Without Lessons or Knowledge o? Music You Can Play the Piano or Organ in One Hon?. Wonderful New System That Evca C Child Can Use. FREE-TRIAL She Doi-sn't Know One Note From Anoth er, But Flays Like a Music Master. Impossible, you say? Let us prove it at our expense. We will teach you to play the piano or organ and will not ask one cent until you can play. A musical genius from Chicago has Just invented a wonderful system whereby anyone can learn to play the Piano or Organ in one hour. With this new method you don't have to know one note from another, yet in an hour of practice you can be playing the popular music with all the fingers of both hands and playing it well. The invention is so simple that even a child can now master music without costly Instruction. Anyone can have this new method on a free trial merely by asking. Htmply write. snTins:. "Scntl mo the Kasv Fn- - " "nounced ) Topeka Daily State Journal. The complete system together with 100 pieces of music will then be sent to you Free, all charges prepaid and absolutely not one cent to pay. You keep It seven days to thoroughly prove It is all that is claimed ior it, then If yon are satisfied, send us $1.60 and one dollar a month until $6.50 In all Is paid. If you are not delighted with it, send it back in seven days and you will have risked nothing and will be under no obligations to us. Be sure to state number of white keys on your piano or organ, also post office and ex press office. Address Easy Method Music Company ,57gClarkson Building.Chieago.Ill, linquent came in with his mother, still protesting his innocence and his mother still believing him. The father In the meantime had weakened and stayed away. I had all along tried to Impress him with the importance of telling the truth under fire and tried to explain to him the law of the rights of property. He claimed he could not find the -boy we were seeking, and I then said to him I thought he was try ing to deceive his mother and also try ing to deceive the court. I would not dispose of his case until he had pro duced the boy who was absent and continued the hearing for another week. This time he came alone, and Informed me he had not been success ful. I pointed out to him again the embarrassing situation he was in and insisted that by the end of another week, he must produce the boy who sold him the lamp. I got up to leave the room, but he stuck fast to his chair and I knew something was coming. I sat down again and said nothing. After a little while he broke the silence, stammered, looked out of the window and then looking up at me, said, 'Judge, I took that lamp.' It was a heavy load, but he had lifted it. I did not send that boy to the industrial school. I am still pondering over the best course to pursue in this last ex periment. I believe yet this boy can be made a useful citizen. Must Report to Court. "The system of requiring delinquents to report to the court is the most effective method yet suggested. I have succeeded best in curing the persistent truant by requiring him to bring two reports each week, one from his par ent and the other from his teacher. Xo truant can successfully escape both the parent and the teacher. We have found a number of boys in our city who have successfully played truant for a month at a time, leaving home in the morn ing, hanging around pool halls and other places of amusement all day and then going home with the other child ren in the evening. As long as we can keep a bey reporting regularly, we have ,but little trouble with him. As soon as he begins to drop out, I send the probation officer to his parents. If the parent Is the right kind, we get him In line again. The Girl Problem. "The boy problem is comparatively easy. But the girl problem the girl from fourteen to sixteen it seems to me, is far from solution. I believe in the counties containing the larger cities, a woman probation officer and frequent home visitation would bring about great results. In our county, we have been obliged to depend on the police matrons in dealing with de linquent girls and we have received great assistance and help from these officials. "A father recently came in and in sisted that his fourteen-year-old girl be sent to the Industrial school. He and his wife are foreigners. When the girl was brought in, I soon discovered she was a product of our public schools, a child of our civilization, and that she had outgrown her parents. The feel ing between thp child and parents was intense and bitter and all attempt at reconciliation seemed to be fruitless. With the aid of the Provident associa tion, I placed the girl in a family home and the father was very indignant that. I would not send her to Beloit.. She was a delinquent girl, in this: That she was stubborn, conceited, arrogant and in open rebellion against her father and mother, but she had committed no crime and was not a wayward child. After a while, I managed by the most careful and adroit means I possessed, to bring about a reconciliation between the child and her parents. She is still in the family home, and the father a few days ago came 4n and thanked me. He was elated over the results attain ed. Here was a girl who yearned for environments and conditions beyond the reach of her parents and in her childish and rebellious spirit she broke away from parental control. "A girl at fourteen years of age, be gins to yearn for companionship. She is now being taught that she is a wom an. At this age. she begins to seek the society of the neighbors and yearns for apparel and other consideration which parents cannot at all times bestow, and herein is an element in the life of a girl that is hard to contend with. In a thickly populated portion of cur city, is a little girl to whom my attention has been called, but who is in no sense a ward of the court. A couple of years ago, she played with all the little girls in her block. All at once she disap peared. It was discovered she was carrying home washing for her moth er's patrons. The little girls who for merly sought her company, abandoned her and now she goes alone. I will venture the opinion that this girl Is a Jewel. The girl who will stand by her mother under all the conditions sur rounding her, unmovedby the coolness of former companions, will grow to be proach from those who were formerly her associates, has taken the first step toward delinquency and herein our so cial conditions, our churches and our civilization, are keenly at fault. Need Detention Homes. "In the larger counties of this state we are in need of detention homes. No child should be placed in the city or county prison, or any department of a prison, under the usual circumstances attending cases in the Juvenile courts. Detention homes properly conducted can be made a temporary abode for delinquent and dependent children, and many a child saved from the un favorable environments of his home, and also saved from the industrial schools and orphan Institutions. In the absence of such a home, in our country, we have been nobly assisted in the work of caring for children by the Provident association, the Orphans Home and the Foster Humane society. "I believe a resume of the work of the Juvenile court of Shawnee county wherein is located the capital city a university city a city of homes and churches a city of mixed population a railroad shop city and a manu facturing city would be of general interest and of some value to those ' who are making the subject of depend ent and delinquent children a study. Reform In Shawnee. "The first six months, I was engaged in Juvenile work, there was brought into court fifty-four delinquent child ren and thirty-two dependent children, a total of eighty-six cases, as compared with sixteen delinqu;nt and two de pendents brought in the six months previously. This is not a fair com parison for the reason that my prede cessor was sick during the last year of his term, and absent most of the time from his office. I found some hostility toward the court at first, but gradually this has disappeared. The parent is becoming educated to the value of the Juvenile court, and the co-operation of the parent has done much to banish the former feeling of hostility. Of the fifty-four delinquents, three were sent to the industrial school for boys and one to the industrial school for girls. Of the thirty-two dependents, fourteen were placed in orphan institutions and eighteen were awarded to the custody of individuals. "For the year ending July 1, 1910, as shown by the report submitted to the governor, 152 children were brought to desperation. You cannot commit her to the industrial school for not withstanding Chapter 301 of the Laws of 1911, wherein it was sought to em power courts to commit girls under eighteen years of age to the industrial school, the lawyers insist that under this act the Juvenile court cannot try a child for a misdemeanor and that the court having power to try a child for a misdemeanor has not the power to commit her to the industrial school. "There are a number of reasons why this voluntary Juvenile court work to which I have referred, should not be encouraged. It seems to me that if the child is delinquent, the sooner it is brought into court in the proper way and taught due respect for the law, the better for the child. Voluntarily and secretly seeking out the Juvenile court is an effort on the part of the parent to shield the child by at least hiding its delinquency, but that is not the main reason. We have had a number of cases where the parents brought their children into court in this voluntary proceeding, where no record is made of the case, and then in time the child reaches its sixteenth year, and the court is without jurisdiction to make any orders or to commit to the indus trial schools. Work Is Decreasing. "You will, observe that the work of theJuveniie court in our county is de creasing. That the number of cases are not so many as f ormerly and that the expense is not so great. If it were not for the compensation received from Probate court work that of the Juvenile judge would be moderate, and shows that this court must still be re tained as a part of another jurisdic tion. There is no court in the state, which brings about as good results with as little public expense as the Juvenile court. "There has been a demand In some places that we should assess costs against the parents in proceedings in the cases of dependent and delinquent children. I have tried it, and it has resulted very unsatisfactorily. The most of the parents whose children are brought into court are hardly able to buy bread and the assessment of costs againet them would be a hardship and an injustice and in almost every in stance, would make such a parent an enemy of the court. RAILROAD NEWS Great Waste in Fuel Used American Lines. hy Estimated That It Amounts to 50 Millions Annually. FITCH MAKES REPORT Chief Engineer of Chicago Great Western Gives Facts. Items of Interest to the Rail way Employees. Chicago, Dec. 2. American railroads lose J50,000,000 worth of fuel a year and consume $200,000,000 wort1' of coal to se cure JSO.OOO.OOO worth of efficiency fur ther waste of $120,000,000 worth of fuel, according to figures prepared by Chief Kngineer L. C. Fitch of the Chicago Great western railroad. That road con ducted an investigation of itseif. follow ing the charge by Louis Brandeis that railroads wasted $1,000,000 a day in in efficient service and Air. Fitch s report is one result. The remedy suggested is a fuel bureau of experts, improved firing devices on locomotives, a school for firemen, more scientific ordering of locomotives for service and closer watch on exposed coal yards. "Each iosi of 1 pec cent of fuel in American railroad business means a loss of $2,000,000," says Mr. Fitch s re port. "Only 46 per cent of the coal used returns effective results, the remainder being wasted. "This loss goes into blown off steam, unhurried gases, waiting locomotives that have been fired up too soon, radiation from boilers, lumps lost along the road and taken from open coal yards, unscientific handling of locomo tives and oiher wastes. 'The fuel bureau could begin by in- into court. Of this number 103 were delinquent and forty-two dependents, nineteen years, is authority for Of the delinquents, ninety were parol- statement made but recently ed. 10 were sent to the boys industrial school and three to the girls industrial school. Of the 2 4 were placed i and 18 awarded of the 152 cases were dismissed. In ! the city that furnished the bulk of de the same period of time, seventeen de- ! pendent and delinquent cases. Two of linquent fathers were arrested and these have been cleaned up until now 'There is another suggestion in line l telligent purchasing of higher grade with this decrease in the number of, coal, could instruct firemen to perform Juvenile cases. Morris Jenkins, the their work with economy in view, could chief of police of our city, who has conduct tests for better heat insulation been a member of our police force for boilers, have call orders for engines the issueu wiin more regara tor tne lengm that j f time required to fire up and could children's crimes In the city of Topeka ouierwise conserve tne ruel supply, have decreased nt least 4(1 .r cent an,i In ten years, says the report, Ameri forty-two dependents, : that this has been especially noticeable can i raiiroaas nave increased tnecost in orphans' institutions within the last vear of thelr fueI EUPP'y from $104,926,000 to I to ndfvMus Seven "We formerly had three districts in ' $213,828,000. The figures of recent years 1 to inaiv idua s. 8een n e lormeriy nao inree aistricts in , For 1905. S15B,429.000: for 1907. tried for contributing to the delinquent and dependent condition of their child l en "For the year ending July 1, 1911 Ii5 children were brought before the court. Six cases were undisposed of at the time of making the report and two dismissed. Of this number 82 were delinquents, 73 of whom were paroled and four were sent to the Boys' Industrial School and five to the Girls' Industrial School. Of the 25 depend ents, 18 were awarded to orphans' Homes and seven given to individuals. In the same period of time 27 delin quent fathers were tried charged with contributing to the delinquent and de pendent condition of their children. Up to this time, no mother has been brought into court charged with this offense. "For the year ending as stated above, the Juvenile judge received In fees $677.63 and paid out of that amount $375 for clerk hire, leaving $302.63 for his services; $3.00 per day was paid to the probation officer: $84.45 paid out in witness fees. The expense of the probation officer was $2.00 for the year, and for the police matron for taking girls to the indus trial school, $21.95. Parents Bring Children. "The figures given above do not in clude another feature of Juvenile court work which is increasing to a large ex tent in many of the counties. There were at least one hundred of such cases in our county in the last year. I refer to the instances where parents bring their children into court volun tarily for the judge to talk to and assist the parent in dealing with and controlling his delinquent offspring. The age limit does not stop at sixteen years in this kind of work. Seventeen, eighteen, and even nineteen year olds are frequent visitors, and In one in stance, a mother had me send for her thirty-two year old son to see if I could not turn him from his wayward and indolent life. This 'boy' ia now in the county jail. "It is the sixteen year old girl In this that causes no end o.f trouble $3.50 Recipe Free For Weak Kidneys Relieves rrinary and Kidney Troubles, Backache, Straining, Swelling, Etc. Stops Pain In the Rladder, and Back. Kidneys Wouldn't It be nice within a week or so to begin to say good bye forever to the scalding, dribbling, straining, or too fre- queent passage of the urine; the forehead and the back-of-the-head aches; the stitches and pains in the back; the grow ing muscle weakness; spots before the eyes; yellow skin; sluggish bowels; s woolen eyelids or ankles; leg cramps; unnatural short breath; sleeplessness and the despondency? I have a recipe for these troubles that vou can depend on. and if you want to Ir.ake a quick recovery, you ought to write and get a ccpy f it. Many a doc tor would charge you $3.50 juat for writing this prescription, ' but I have it and will be glad to send It to you entirely free. Just drop me a line like this: Dr. A. E. Robinson. KM Luck Building, Detroit. Mii h . and I will send it by return mail in a plain envelope. As you will see whf n you get it, this recipe contains only pure, harmless remedies, but it has great beal lrg and pain-conquering power. It will quickly show its power once you use it so I think you had better see what it IB without delay. I will send you a copy free you can use it and cure your self at home. it can be said the condition is normal as compared with the whole city. We have one district where the population is constantly changing in which the best results have not been obtained. "The work of the Juvenile judges in Kansas can still be improved. It Is a great field and the best thought and study of the age is everywhere directed j tQ toward this. work. vve need amend ments to the law and we should not be backward about asking the next legis lature to extend its aid In this direc tion. In another six years, we can do still more for the uplifting of Kansas youth, and the next generation will see the result, in a better and greater citizenship." FRENCH TO ABANDON INDIA. Her Small Possessions There of Great Value to England. At a time when European nations are busy marking out new colonial empires there is a certain measure of public interest in the report that France is about to resign tl e last ves tiges of a colonial empire once the most promising of all European pos sessions beyond the sea, her establish ments in India. In the 18th century the battle for India was not less closely contested between England and France nor with more varied fortunes than that in America. The duel between Mont calm and Wolfe in Quebec had its counterpart, more or less striking, in the battle between Clive and Duplex in Hindustan, save only that Duplex given are: For 190o, $156,429,000; for 1907 $200,261,000; for 1909, $188,735,000; 1910: $213,838,000. "Of course, 100 per cent efficiency Is impossible," continued the report, "but the present 55 per cent of waste cer tainly may be cut down to an appre ciable degree. Careful investigation of the maintenance and operation of our road and others within the scope of our observation lead us to believe it is not unreasonable to think that from 20 5 per cent of this waste may be cut off, effecting the saving of from $40 000,000 to $50,000,000, spoken of in this report. "It must be realized, of course, that the cost of operating a 'conservation bureau' of fuel would increase as the efficiency percentage increased. During the first 20 per cent of savings this cost would be siight, compared with the ex penses cut down. Beyond a certain amount, however, this cost would mount rapidly till there would be a question of the value of the bureau be cause it would become cumbersome and in its own way. "The efficiency limit of this efficiency service would be reached, it would seem, when about 25 per cent of the present losses in fuel were cut off; further gain could be better reached through more scientific construction of locomotives." f Fi rsi see sttnny yiornio. lis U.S.ArVbur own country The Sierras outclass the Alps. Europe has no giant redwoods and no Yosemite. The shores of the blue Pacific rival the Mediterranean. And where can you find finer resort hotels than in California? A Santa Fe train will take you there. The only railroad under one management Chicago to California. The only railroad to Grand Canyon of Arizona. Double-tracked half-way; block-signal safeguards all the way. Fred Harvey dining-car, dining-room and station-hotel service. The California Limited King of the limitrds exclusively for first class travel runs every day sleeper for Grand Canyon. Santa Fe de-Luxe the only extra-fare train, Chicago to Los An geles once a week thia winter every travel luxury saves several hours' time. California Fast Mail also the Los Angeles Express and San Fran cisco Express three daily trains they carry standard Pullmans, tourist sleepers and chair cars all classes of tickets honored Say which train you prefer. Will mail booklet. HAVE CARS TO PPAKE. Great Surplus Reported by American Railway Association. The bulletin of the American Rail way association giving the statement of car surpluses and shortages shows j an increase of 5,984 cars in the sur i plus, making a total surplus of 4 5,2 90 ' cars, for the two weeks' period ended i November 8. The largest increase is shown to be In coal cars, which in i creased from 12,148 cars on October : 25, 1911, to 16,398 cars on November j 8, 1911, an increase of 4,250 cars. The i increase in surplus coal cars is chiefly I in group 2 (New York, New Jersey, ! Delaware, Maryland, Eastern Pennsyl vania), and group 3, (Ohio. Indiana, ! Michigan, Western Pennsylvania). There are also increases of 2,341 cars ; and 213 cars in box car surplus and was not. like Montcalm, a soldier In the great remaking of maps which followed the final triumph over France by England in Asia and America alike France kept of her western empire two little islands, of her Indian possessions five sma-n, wide- , miscellaneous car surplus respectively ly separated enclaves, Chandernagore ! while flat cars ahow a decrease of 820 on the Ganges, Yanaon at the mouth cars. xhe increase in box car surplus of Godivari, Mahe on the western j js principally in group 8 (Iowa, 111 i eoast, and Pondicherry and Karikal, i nois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Dakotas). south of Madras, on the Bay of Bengal. The total car shortage is practically All told, these French colonies have the same as reported in the previous an area of 200 square miles and a pop- ! period, although the totals for the illation of 270,000. They are without various classes of cars show changes, military value because they are inde- 1 The increase in surplus cars is setting fensible. Thev have no value as out- m ax exactly tne pewuu ra nnsta of Frpno.h exnansion. for British year, and the amount of increases for supremacy in India is no longer de bated by the French. The total com mercial activity of all five territories is less than $10,000,000, and France is compelled to contribute to their budget. Inconsiderable as French India is, it has a real value to the British. As refuges for political exiles from British territory, as admirably placed centers for the dissemination of seditious lit erature and the fomenting or disorder in adjacent British districts, the sup pression of these tiny French colonies would be of a very great usefulness to England. As a result there, has been a renewal of semiofficial reports that Anglo-French negotiations over French Indian colonies was on foot. The opportunity for a good bargain on both sides is unmistakable. In West Africa there are at least three British colonies which resemble the French establishments In India, in that they are merely enclaves in foreign territory. These are Gambia, Sierra Leone and the Gold Coast. Gambia is only a thin strip of coun try hardly 10 miles wide on both banks of the Gambia river. The Gold Coast is another colony which marks the unsuccessful effort of the British to reach the interior of Africa from the coast and unite all the coast establish ments. If France should acquire these colonies, with Sierra Leone, the only interruption to an unbroken French coast line from Tripoli to the Gulf of Guinea would be two Spanish colonies, one in Morocco and one on the Atlan tic coast, the Portuguese enclave near Gambia and Liberia. - That the British would trade all these African colonies gainst French India is not to be expected. But in other quarters, notably the New He brides, opportunities for a bargain exist. In any event a modification of boundaries, including the cession of Gambia, and a rectification of the fron tier of the Gold Coast are far from unlikely. New York Sun. this report is almost identical with that for the corresponding period in 1910. The total surplus this year, however, is slightly higher than last year, having been 34,581 on November 9, 1910. as against 45,290 for this re port. Railway and Engineering- Rec ord. The Prudential Bank. Checking and saving accounts. T. L. King, City Passenger Agt., Topeka, Kan. 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