THE TOPEKA DAILY STATE JOURNAL
CARE OF THE KIDS
beyond Hp capacity and we are entirely
at a loss to know at any time whether
; we can commit a delinquent boy to
I that institution and have him admitted,
i This is sometimes a very embarrassing:
T 1 w ri i 1 1 mn p tko isllua"on m lne nanaung oi a large
tillage . . SCIlOCn leilSOI menumV)er of delinquents, some of whom
a noble woman. But herein, is the crl- Generally, she is not brought in until
ticism, I wfsh to make. Many a girl she has been talked ami nagged almost
unable to withstand the sting of re-
"ew Juvenile Court.
Confronts Many Strange
GIRLS CAUSE WORRY
Matron Should Guide the Way
Records Show Decrease inTouth
Judge W. F. Schoch, of the Shawnee
county probate court, believes the
Juvenile court is solving a serious
problem for the state in caring for
the wayward boys and girls; and that
thia work will result in a higher citi
zenship than ever before attained in
Kansas. In a speech before the Chari
ties Conference at Ottawa this week.
Judge Schoch told of the work in this
cou.ity and predicted great returns
from the new court.
"What to do with the girl, is one of
it is very necessary to give to under
stand the industrial school will be his
home if he does not improve his de
portment. "Happily all delinquent boys are not
sent to the industrial school. In fact,
under the patient and exacting work
of the juvenile judges only'a small per
cent reach this institution and then
only as a last resort.
"I had a case like this whjch I
watched with interest. A fourteen year
old colored boy was brought in a year
ago for stealing a part of a bicycle, an
offense which is a source of great
trouble in our city. He was paroled,
reported from time to time, and then
after a while no further reports were
required. Not long ago, a complaint
came in that he had violated his parole
and was guilty of stealing a bicycle
lamp. My first impulse was to send
him to the industrial school and I se
cured permission from the board of
control for his admission. He emphat
ically denied his guilt and insisted he
had purchased the lamp from a boy
of the same age. I have always con
tended that when a child is charged
with violating his parole and denies
his guilt, that he is entitled to a trial
and in no instance should he be tried
for any offense without one or both
of the parents being present. Trials,
when spoken of in this connection, are
not conducted with the usual formality
the difficulties which Judge Schoch i of criminal proceedings, but the child
says the court must solve. He believes and its parents must always be present .
a matron should be provided in the ! and the child is entitled under every j
larger counties and that such a woman j semblance of law to be confronted by j
could gtiide the girls better than a his accusers.
man. In this county many of these "in this case, the father and mother
cases are turned over to the police j both insisted on the child's innocence. ,
matron, but he belK-ves such an officer j i warned them against the danger of !
should become a regular attache of the j taking the child's word for it and In- !
Juvenile court. sisted that they investigate the case f or j
As an evidence of what the new themselves. I told the delinquent he
fourt has done in Kansas, Schoch must produce the boy who sold him'
points to the record ii this county and the property and gave him two weeks'
that the cases of youthful criminals; to do it. In the meantime, I sent the
have decreased 4 0 per cent in less than j probation officer to find the .boy from '
five years. Still there is much to do ; whom he- claimed to have purchased!
and Schoch would have certain state j the stolen lamp, and learned that he :
laws revised to cover the needs or tne had been out of the city for a period of
new court. In his Ottawa speech at least a month before the offense was
Schoch had the following to say con-1 committed. In two weeks, the de
cerning the work of the Juvenile court
Court Stands High.
"The Juvenile Judges of Kansas in
six years have brought the Juvenile
court to the highest point of public
estimation. This court is now an es
tablished part of our jurisprudence
This has all been done by hard and
patient work and by educating the par
ents of dependent and delinquent
children that the power of the court
is used for the welfare of the child in
the exercise of parental duties which
the parent for some reason is unable
to perform. Six years ago the work
was open Co hostility and criticism, it
was an experiment and the conser
vative and patient judges of the state
felt their way ith care and caution.
In the beginning, it was the disposition
of parents to fight, and of an overcriti
cal public to paint the delinquent child
as a young criminal. In time, the par
ent began to learn that the Juvenile
court was a court of correction and
not a court of punishment. The public
began to see results and the delinquent
boy became an object of public inter
est, instead of an object of criticism.
"Many times have the mothers of
orphan children begged of me to send
their children to the industrial schools
where they could hope for their return
at a future time, rather than send
them to the State Orphans' Home and
away from the mothex forever. In
other words, the state under its present
policy returns to the mother her de
linquent boy, but takes away from her
forever her innocent babe.
Xeed More Room.
"Nor has the state kept abreast of
the times in other respects. With all
the vast expenditure of money in the
last six years, reaching a degree almost
of opulency In the sums showered upon
our state institutions of learning, and
with all our increasing population, and
the work of the Juvenile court, the
State Industrial School has received
additional capacity only for thirty-six
boys. That institution is now crowded
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Be sure to state number of white keys on
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linquent came in with his mother, still
protesting his innocence and his
mother still believing him. The father
In the meantime had weakened and
stayed away. I had all along tried to
Impress him with the importance of
telling the truth under fire and tried
to explain to him the law of the rights
of property. He claimed he could not
find the -boy we were seeking, and I
then said to him I thought he was try
ing to deceive his mother and also try
ing to deceive the court. I would not
dispose of his case until he had pro
duced the boy who was absent and
continued the hearing for another
week. This time he came alone, and
Informed me he had not been success
ful. I pointed out to him again the
embarrassing situation he was in and
insisted that by the end of another
week, he must produce the boy who
sold him the lamp. I got up to leave
the room, but he stuck fast to his chair
and I knew something was coming.
I sat down again and said nothing.
After a little while he broke the silence,
stammered, looked out of the window
and then looking up at me, said,
'Judge, I took that lamp.' It was a
heavy load, but he had lifted it. I did
not send that boy to the industrial
school. I am still pondering over the
best course to pursue in this last ex
periment. I believe yet this boy can
be made a useful citizen.
Must Report to Court.
"The system of requiring delinquents
to report to the court is the most
effective method yet suggested. I have
succeeded best in curing the persistent
truant by requiring him to bring two
reports each week, one from his par
ent and the other from his teacher. Xo
truant can successfully escape both the
parent and the teacher. We have found
a number of boys in our city who have
successfully played truant for a month
at a time, leaving home in the morn
ing, hanging around pool halls and
other places of amusement all day and
then going home with the other child
ren in the evening. As long as we can
keep a bey reporting regularly, we
have ,but little trouble with him. As
soon as he begins to drop out, I send
the probation officer to his parents. If
the parent Is the right kind, we get
him In line again.
The Girl Problem.
"The boy problem is comparatively
easy. But the girl problem the girl
from fourteen to sixteen it seems to
me, is far from solution. I believe
in the counties containing the larger
cities, a woman probation officer and
frequent home visitation would bring
about great results. In our county,
we have been obliged to depend on the
police matrons in dealing with de
linquent girls and we have received
great assistance and help from these
"A father recently came in and in
sisted that his fourteen-year-old girl be
sent to the Industrial school. He and
his wife are foreigners. When the girl
was brought in, I soon discovered she
was a product of our public schools, a
child of our civilization, and that she
had outgrown her parents. The feel
ing between thp child and parents was
intense and bitter and all attempt at
reconciliation seemed to be fruitless.
With the aid of the Provident associa
tion, I placed the girl in a family home
and the father was very indignant that.
I would not send her to Beloit.. She
was a delinquent girl, in this: That she
was stubborn, conceited, arrogant and
in open rebellion against her father
and mother, but she had committed
no crime and was not a wayward child.
After a while, I managed by the most
careful and adroit means I possessed,
to bring about a reconciliation between
the child and her parents. She is still
in the family home, and the father a
few days ago came 4n and thanked me.
He was elated over the results attain
ed. Here was a girl who yearned for
environments and conditions beyond
the reach of her parents and in her
childish and rebellious spirit she broke
away from parental control.
"A girl at fourteen years of age, be
gins to yearn for companionship. She
is now being taught that she is a wom
an. At this age. she begins to seek the
society of the neighbors and yearns for
apparel and other consideration which
parents cannot at all times bestow, and
herein is an element in the life of a
girl that is hard to contend with. In a
thickly populated portion of cur city,
is a little girl to whom my attention
has been called, but who is in no sense
a ward of the court. A couple of years
ago, she played with all the little girls
in her block. All at once she disap
peared. It was discovered she was
carrying home washing for her moth
er's patrons. The little girls who for
merly sought her company, abandoned
her and now she goes alone. I will
venture the opinion that this girl Is a
Jewel. The girl who will stand by her
mother under all the conditions sur
rounding her, unmovedby the coolness
of former companions, will grow to be
proach from those who were formerly
her associates, has taken the first step
toward delinquency and herein our so
cial conditions, our churches and our
civilization, are keenly at fault.
Need Detention Homes.
"In the larger counties of this state
we are in need of detention homes. No
child should be placed in the city or
county prison, or any department of a
prison, under the usual circumstances
attending cases in the Juvenile courts.
Detention homes properly conducted
can be made a temporary abode for
delinquent and dependent children,
and many a child saved from the un
favorable environments of his home,
and also saved from the industrial
schools and orphan Institutions. In
the absence of such a home, in our
country, we have been nobly assisted
in the work of caring for children by
the Provident association, the Orphans
Home and the Foster Humane society.
"I believe a resume of the work of
the Juvenile court of Shawnee county
wherein is located the capital city
a university city a city of homes and
churches a city of mixed population
a railroad shop city and a manu
facturing city would be of general
interest and of some value to those
' who are making the subject of depend
ent and delinquent children a study.
Reform In Shawnee.
"The first six months, I was engaged
in Juvenile work, there was brought
into court fifty-four delinquent child
ren and thirty-two dependent children,
a total of eighty-six cases, as compared
with sixteen delinqu;nt and two de
pendents brought in the six months
previously. This is not a fair com
parison for the reason that my prede
cessor was sick during the last year of
his term, and absent most of the time
from his office. I found some hostility
toward the court at first, but gradually
this has disappeared. The parent is
becoming educated to the value of the
Juvenile court, and the co-operation
of the parent has done much to banish
the former feeling of hostility. Of the
fifty-four delinquents, three were sent
to the industrial school for boys and
one to the industrial school for girls.
Of the thirty-two dependents, fourteen
were placed in orphan institutions and
eighteen were awarded to the custody
"For the year ending July 1, 1910, as
shown by the report submitted to the
governor, 152 children were brought
to desperation. You cannot commit
her to the industrial school for not
withstanding Chapter 301 of the Laws
of 1911, wherein it was sought to em
power courts to commit girls under
eighteen years of age to the industrial
school, the lawyers insist that under
this act the Juvenile court cannot try
a child for a misdemeanor and that the
court having power to try a child for a
misdemeanor has not the power to
commit her to the industrial school.
"There are a number of reasons why
this voluntary Juvenile court work to
which I have referred, should not be
encouraged. It seems to me that if the
child is delinquent, the sooner it is
brought into court in the proper way
and taught due respect for the law, the
better for the child. Voluntarily and
secretly seeking out the Juvenile court
is an effort on the part of the parent to
shield the child by at least hiding its
delinquency, but that is not the main
reason. We have had a number of
cases where the parents brought their
children into court in this voluntary
proceeding, where no record is made
of the case, and then in time the child
reaches its sixteenth year, and the
court is without jurisdiction to make
any orders or to commit to the indus
Work Is Decreasing.
"You will, observe that the work of
theJuveniie court in our county is de
creasing. That the number of cases
are not so many as f ormerly and that
the expense is not so great. If it were
not for the compensation received
from Probate court work that of the
Juvenile judge would be moderate, and
shows that this court must still be re
tained as a part of another jurisdic
tion. There is no court in the state,
which brings about as good results
with as little public expense as the
"There has been a demand In some
places that we should assess costs
against the parents in proceedings in
the cases of dependent and delinquent
children. I have tried it, and it has
resulted very unsatisfactorily. The
most of the parents whose children are
brought into court are hardly able to
buy bread and the assessment of costs
againet them would be a hardship and
an injustice and in almost every in
stance, would make such a parent an
enemy of the court.
Great Waste in Fuel Used
Estimated That It Amounts to
50 Millions Annually.
FITCH MAKES REPORT
Chief Engineer of Chicago Great
Western Gives Facts.
Items of Interest to the Rail
Chicago, Dec. 2. American railroads
lose J50,000,000 worth of fuel a year and
consume $200,000,000 wort1' of coal to se
cure JSO.OOO.OOO worth of efficiency fur
ther waste of $120,000,000 worth of fuel,
according to figures prepared by Chief
Kngineer L. C. Fitch of the Chicago
Great western railroad. That road con
ducted an investigation of itseif. follow
ing the charge by Louis Brandeis that
railroads wasted $1,000,000 a day in in
efficient service and Air. Fitch s report
is one result.
The remedy suggested is a fuel bureau
of experts, improved firing devices on
locomotives, a school for firemen, more
scientific ordering of locomotives for
service and closer watch on exposed
"Each iosi of 1 pec cent of fuel in
American railroad business means a
loss of $2,000,000," says Mr. Fitch s re
port. "Only 46 per cent of the coal used
returns effective results, the remainder
"This loss goes into blown off steam,
unhurried gases, waiting locomotives
that have been fired up too soon,
radiation from boilers, lumps lost along
the road and taken from open coal
yards, unscientific handling of locomo
tives and oiher wastes.
'The fuel bureau could begin by in-
into court. Of this number 103 were
delinquent and forty-two dependents, nineteen years, is authority for
Of the delinquents, ninety were parol- statement made but recently
ed. 10 were sent to the boys industrial
school and three to the girls industrial
school. Of the
2 4 were placed i
and 18 awarded
of the 152 cases were dismissed. In ! the city that furnished the bulk of de
the same period of time, seventeen de- ! pendent and delinquent cases. Two of
linquent fathers were arrested and these have been cleaned up until now
'There is another suggestion in line l telligent purchasing of higher grade
with this decrease in the number of, coal, could instruct firemen to perform
Juvenile cases. Morris Jenkins, the their work with economy in view, could
chief of police of our city, who has conduct tests for better heat insulation
been a member of our police force for boilers, have call orders for engines
the issueu wiin more regara tor tne lengm
that j f time required to fire up and could
children's crimes In the city of Topeka ouierwise conserve tne ruel supply,
have decreased nt least 4(1 .r cent an,i In ten years, says the report, Ameri
forty-two dependents, : that this has been especially noticeable can i raiiroaas nave increased tnecost
in orphans' institutions within the last vear of thelr fueI EUPP'y from $104,926,000 to
I to ndfvMus Seven "We formerly had three districts in ' $213,828,000. The figures of recent years
1 to inaiv idua s. 8een n e lormeriy nao inree aistricts in , For 1905. S15B,429.000: for 1907.
tried for contributing to the delinquent
and dependent condition of their child
"For the year ending July 1, 1911
Ii5 children were brought before the
court. Six cases were undisposed of
at the time of making the report and
two dismissed. Of this number 82
were delinquents, 73 of whom were
paroled and four were sent to the Boys'
Industrial School and five to the Girls'
Industrial School. Of the 25 depend
ents, 18 were awarded to orphans'
Homes and seven given to individuals.
In the same period of time 27 delin
quent fathers were tried charged with
contributing to the delinquent and de
pendent condition of their children. Up
to this time, no mother has been
brought into court charged with this
"For the year ending as stated
above, the Juvenile judge received In
fees $677.63 and paid out of that
amount $375 for clerk hire, leaving
$302.63 for his services; $3.00 per day
was paid to the probation officer:
$84.45 paid out in witness fees. The
expense of the probation officer was
$2.00 for the year, and for the police
matron for taking girls to the indus
trial school, $21.95.
Parents Bring Children.
"The figures given above do not in
clude another feature of Juvenile court
work which is increasing to a large ex
tent in many of the counties. There
were at least one hundred of such
cases in our county in the last year. I
refer to the instances where parents
bring their children into court volun
tarily for the judge to talk to and
assist the parent in dealing with and
controlling his delinquent offspring.
The age limit does not stop at sixteen
years in this kind of work. Seventeen,
eighteen, and even nineteen year olds
are frequent visitors, and In one in
stance, a mother had me send for her
thirty-two year old son to see if I could
not turn him from his wayward and
indolent life. This 'boy' ia now in the
"It is the sixteen year old girl In this
that causes no end o.f trouble
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it can be said the condition is normal
as compared with the whole city. We
have one district where the population
is constantly changing in which the
best results have not been obtained.
"The work of the Juvenile judges in
Kansas can still be improved. It Is a
great field and the best thought and
study of the age is everywhere directed j tQ
toward this. work. vve need amend
ments to the law and we should not be
backward about asking the next legis
lature to extend its aid In this direc
tion. In another six years, we can do
still more for the uplifting of Kansas
youth, and the next generation will
see the result, in a better and greater
FRENCH TO ABANDON INDIA.
Her Small Possessions There of Great
Value to England.
At a time when European nations
are busy marking out new colonial
empires there is a certain measure of
public interest in the report that
France is about to resign tl e last ves
tiges of a colonial empire once the
most promising of all European pos
sessions beyond the sea, her establish
ments in India.
In the 18th century the battle for
India was not less closely contested
between England and France nor
with more varied fortunes than that
in America. The duel between Mont
calm and Wolfe in Quebec had its
counterpart, more or less striking, in
the battle between Clive and Duplex
in Hindustan, save only that Duplex
given are: For 190o, $156,429,000; for 1907
$200,261,000; for 1909, $188,735,000; 1910:
"Of course, 100 per cent efficiency Is
impossible," continued the report, "but
the present 55 per cent of waste cer
tainly may be cut down to an appre
ciable degree. Careful investigation of
the maintenance and operation of our
road and others within the scope of
our observation lead us to believe it is
not unreasonable to think that from 20
5 per cent of this waste may be
cut off, effecting the saving of from
$40 000,000 to $50,000,000, spoken of in
"It must be realized, of course, that
the cost of operating a 'conservation
bureau' of fuel would increase as the
efficiency percentage increased. During
the first 20 per cent of savings this cost
would be siight, compared with the ex
penses cut down. Beyond a certain
amount, however, this cost would
mount rapidly till there would be a
question of the value of the bureau be
cause it would become cumbersome and
in its own way.
"The efficiency limit of this efficiency
service would be reached, it would seem,
when about 25 per cent of the present
losses in fuel were cut off; further gain
could be better reached through more
scientific construction of locomotives."
Fi rsi see sttnny
lis U.S.ArVbur own country
The Sierras outclass the Alps.
Europe has no giant redwoods and
no Yosemite. The shores of the
blue Pacific rival the Mediterranean.
And where can you find finer resort
hotels than in California?
A Santa Fe train will take you there.
The only railroad under one management Chicago to California.
The only railroad to Grand Canyon of Arizona.
Double-tracked half-way; block-signal safeguards all the way.
Fred Harvey dining-car, dining-room and station-hotel service.
The California Limited King of the limitrds exclusively for first
class travel runs every day sleeper for Grand Canyon.
Santa Fe de-Luxe the only extra-fare train, Chicago to Los An
geles once a week thia winter every travel luxury saves several
California Fast Mail also the Los Angeles Express and San Fran
cisco Express three daily trains they carry standard Pullmans,
tourist sleepers and chair cars all classes of tickets honored
Say which train you prefer. Will mail booklet.
HAVE CARS TO PPAKE.
Great Surplus Reported by American
The bulletin of the American Rail
way association giving the statement
of car surpluses and shortages shows
j an increase of 5,984 cars in the sur
i plus, making a total surplus of 4 5,2 90
' cars, for the two weeks' period ended
i November 8. The largest increase is
shown to be In coal cars, which in
i creased from 12,148 cars on October
: 25, 1911, to 16,398 cars on November
j 8, 1911, an increase of 4,250 cars. The
i increase in surplus coal cars is chiefly
I in group 2 (New York, New Jersey,
! Delaware, Maryland, Eastern Pennsyl
vania), and group 3, (Ohio. Indiana,
! Michigan, Western Pennsylvania).
There are also increases of 2,341 cars
; and 213 cars in box car surplus and
was not. like Montcalm, a soldier
In the great remaking of maps
which followed the final triumph over
France by England in Asia and
America alike France kept of her
western empire two little islands, of
her Indian possessions five sma-n, wide- , miscellaneous car surplus respectively
ly separated enclaves, Chandernagore ! while flat cars ahow a decrease of 820
on the Ganges, Yanaon at the mouth cars. xhe increase in box car surplus
of Godivari, Mahe on the western j js principally in group 8 (Iowa, 111 i
eoast, and Pondicherry and Karikal, i nois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Dakotas).
south of Madras, on the Bay of Bengal. The total car shortage is practically
All told, these French colonies have the same as reported in the previous
an area of 200 square miles and a pop- ! period, although the totals for the
illation of 270,000. They are without various classes of cars show changes,
military value because they are inde- 1 The increase in surplus cars is setting
fensible. Thev have no value as out- m ax exactly tne pewuu ra
nnsta of Frpno.h exnansion. for British year, and the amount of increases for
supremacy in India is no longer de
bated by the French. The total com
mercial activity of all five territories
is less than $10,000,000, and France
is compelled to contribute to their
Inconsiderable as French India is,
it has a real value to the British. As
refuges for political exiles from British
territory, as admirably placed centers
for the dissemination of seditious lit
erature and the fomenting or disorder
in adjacent British districts, the sup
pression of these tiny French colonies
would be of a very great usefulness to
England. As a result there, has been
a renewal of semiofficial reports that
Anglo-French negotiations over French
Indian colonies was on foot.
The opportunity for a good bargain
on both sides is unmistakable. In
West Africa there are at least three
British colonies which resemble the
French establishments In India, in that
they are merely enclaves in foreign
territory. These are Gambia, Sierra
Leone and the Gold Coast.
Gambia is only a thin strip of coun
try hardly 10 miles wide on both banks
of the Gambia river. The Gold Coast
is another colony which marks the
unsuccessful effort of the British to
reach the interior of Africa from the
coast and unite all the coast establish
ments. If France should acquire these
colonies, with Sierra Leone, the only
interruption to an unbroken French
coast line from Tripoli to the Gulf of
Guinea would be two Spanish colonies,
one in Morocco and one on the Atlan
tic coast, the Portuguese enclave near
Gambia and Liberia.
- That the British would trade all
these African colonies gainst French
India is not to be expected. But in
other quarters, notably the New He
brides, opportunities for a bargain
exist. In any event a modification of
boundaries, including the cession of
Gambia, and a rectification of the fron
tier of the Gold Coast are far from
unlikely. New York Sun.
this report is almost identical with
that for the corresponding period in
1910. The total surplus this year,
however, is slightly higher than last
year, having been 34,581 on November
9, 1910. as against 45,290 for this re
port. Railway and Engineering- Rec
ord. The Prudential Bank.
Checking and saving accounts.
T. L. King,
City Passenger Agt.,
Lfgu fr-e. rjW.
LEAVES TOPEKA 2:25 P. M. DAILY
ROCK ISLAND LINES
you about this, and our other
C. . Ba scorn, C. P. A. Phones 384
THE STATION ON THE GREAT WHITE WAY
Let us tell
Rt. Lv. K.C.
1 1 :00 P.M.
Never too Buy to Answer Question
Phones 384 C. E. Bascom, Citv Past. A art.
Cleanses the System
colds and Headaches,
due to constipation.
Best for men. women
and children : young
To qet its beneficial
effects, always note the
name of the Company,
California Ho Syrup Co.
plainly printed on the
front of every package
of the Genuine
Money Saved By Having Your Teeth Attended By Us
reliable and the
concern in Kan
Best set or teeth .....(8.00
Good set of teeth 8.00
Gold crown, 32K i.00
Porcelain crowne 4.0
Brldgre work, per tooth 8.00
Gold fillings 11.00 and up
811-rer fllltnirs I0e to 81 00
Cement fllllnca toe
Extracting teeth, freest nf "
trum process 0o
Extracting teoth wlthoat medi
DRS. LYON & HEATHERLY
OfTlc. Established over 21 Traara. Ind. Phone lilt
511 Karisaa Ave.. Tnpe-ka, Kan. Ov er W. A. L. Thompson Hdw. OB.
BUY YOUR CHRISTMAS PRESENTS
At Sam Freidberg's Jewelry Store
SO 7 KANSAS AVENUE-507
Sale Daily 2:30 7:30 Until the Entire Stock It Sold
Try a State Journal Want.
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