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The Topeka state journal. [volume] (Topeka, Kansas) 1892-1980, January 06, 1913, LAST EDITION, Image 1

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Samuel Gompers Speaks in
Defense of the Dynamiters
Before the Senate Subcommit
tee on Judiciary.
He Ascribes as the Primary
Cause of Their Actions.
He Takes a Shot at Trial Judge
Washington, Jan. 6. Samuel Gom
pers, president of the American Federa
tion of labor, speaking: today before
the senate sub-committee on Judiciary
In favor of the Clayton anti-injunction
and contempt bills, gave answer to
criticisms aimed at the organization of
workers which he heads because of the
trial and conviction, for dynamiting of
officers of the .Structural Iron Work
ers union.
"If ever the time shall come," said
Mr. Gompers, In the climax of his ad
dress, "when government by dynamite
shall be attempted (and let us hope and
work that It never shall come) It will
have as its main cause the theory and
policy upon which is based government
by injunction personal government
foisted upon our people instead of a
government by law."
In closing his statement which In
cluded an assault upon employers and
manufacturers associations particularly
the U. S. Steel corporation and the
National Erectors association, Mr.
Gompers declared that organized labor
would not repudiate the Structural Iron
Workers unions and leave them help
less and at the mercy of organized cap
ital and insatiable, uncurbed greed for
"Though all censure those whom men
may deem guilty of dynamite conspir
acy, the federation leader continued
"none feels the terrible consequences
of- the Indianapolis trial more keenly
than the men of organized labor. There
have been added heartache and sorrow
to our already heavy burdens. The
men accused and sentenced cannot suf
fer the penalty alone upon them and
all working men fall the suffering and
Conspiracy of Capital.
'But what of the conspiracy of or-
acterized as "enemies" of organized la
bor, and continued:
"Knemies of I-abor.
"You will see that I have quoted
the worst enemies of organized labor,
my most conspicuous and relentless p. S. Supreme Court Rejects
send me to jail, or consign me to the
gallows. I have not even referred to
the regard, respect, or confidence of
my friends, of the men and women
who believe in my work and my mo
tives. But, pray, will any one point to
a single act aye, to a single utterance,
of my worst enemies of a constructive
liberty-loving humanitarian charac
ter? Anybody can be a man hunter,
anybody can be a negative force; any
body can be a nobody.
Mr. Gompers said he would have I
the public consider the convicted Iron Railroads and Express
worKers wuo in unaeraianaing
mind and the spirit taught by the
teacher of old who said 'Let him who
is without sin cast the first stone."
Proposal of U. P. Lawyers
For the Dissolution "of the
Southern Pacific Merger.
panies Win Big Decision.
Artificial Plant in Topeka Is
Being Remodeled.
Franchise ; Allows Original
Charge of $1.25 Here.
"There are many ready to heap Co rt AdjOUms Without Action
nnon th structural iron workers." he J
declared "not alone the men adjudged I on the Rate Cases.
ion, condemnation and humiliation;
many ready to wrap the robes of
saintly Justice tightly about them lest
contact defile them, ready to with
Washington, Jan. 6. The supreme
court today held that the plan ad
draw from these men every good and ' Vanced by Union Pacific" attorneys of
Mayor Says Topeka Receiver
Has Been Asleep.
Ways and Means Committee of I One of Kansas Natural Gas Re
the National House
Begins Hearings on the Chem
ical Schedule of Duties.
Points Out Promise Never Ful
filled by Judge Pollock.
uplifting influence and to cast them
out to the mercy of whatever interest
might profit by their helplessness."
Launching into his attack upon the em
ployers, who, he declared, had persist
ently fought the Iron workers" union, Mr
Gompers said they never had a thought
of the constructive ability of the workers.
He condemned in this connection the Na
tional Erectors' association, the National
Manufacturers' association and the United
totates Steel corporation.
"For six years the fight went on," ho
said. "All of the forces of organized so
ciety were used against these men. You
say that these men resorted to forbidden
methods of violence and even sacrlficfcd
lives. You condemn their methods ot
fighting as elemental, brutal. Of any 01
those who are guilty, the condemnation
Is true, but I ask you, were the methods
use. by the employer less deadly to hu
manity and freedom? Do you think that
one side can play with the forces of in
justice and tyranny and not lead to a de
fensive move on the part of the other?
"Each will protect his own interests
would anybody else do that for him?"
Attorney for Utilities Commis
sion Appears in Court.
He Wants Cities to Regulate
Their Gas Rates.
To bring about an investigation of
the gas situation in Kansas, John Mar
shall as attorney for the public utili
ties commission, will this afternoon
file with the commissicn a complaint
against the Kansas Natural Gas com
pany and its various distributing agen
" wnat or tne conspiracy cie on the face of the finoings
ganized capital the conspiracy to . th t th , , t M, lt
murder the liberty of the toilers, to h hetween th nnmmi-
the producer. At the same time Mar
shall will ask of Judge Pollock the
privilege to interplead in the federal
court action.
The action to be brought by Mar
shall will call for a full and complete
investigation of both the supply and
production of natural gas for Kansas
towns. It will also affect the cost of
production and the expense of deliver
ing gas to the ultimate consumer.
When Judge Pollock issued his re
cent order in the gas case, calling for
an increase In the supply of gas and
upholding the decision of the Kansas
Natural's receivers to abrogate numer
ous contracts. It was made on the re
port and findings of the reoeivers. Then
came a storm of protests and threats
of impeachment of the federal jurist.
These threats resulted in an indigna-!
tion meeting In Kansas City last '
week. But Judge Pollock's order Is still
Now, Marshall proposes to investigate
the gas situation. He has spent the en
tire day preparing papers In the case,
which he expects to file late this after
noon. He declined to discuss the sit
uation before filing his petition.
tear from them the means of protec
tion by which they have bettered their
condition, to leave them bare ana de
fenseless in the competitive struggle.
"Is not such a conspiracy sufflcient
Iv dastardly to incur some odium?
Should the conspirators with their
hands stained with life blood of men's
ambition, happiness, liberty, be ac
corded nothing but honor, power, re
spectability? Should they be allowed
to continue to manipulate the powers
of government, the administration of
justice until the oppressed find the
burden intolerable?
"More wise it Is to seek' social jus
tice while yet we may. The judge
who presided at the trial realized one
of the issues government by injunc
tion lawless, autocratic, irresponsible
exercise of governmental authority
according privileges to the strong and
denying justice to the weak."
Judge Anderson, who presided over
the trial of the iron workers, was re
ferred to particularly by Mr. Gomp
pers. when he declared that "our
whole social organization seems to be
on trial.
."Even the Judge who tried the case
smugly assured of personal irresponsi
bility." Mr. Gompers said, "fatuously
declared that 'the evidence in this
case will convince any impartial per
son that government by injunction Is
infinitely to be preferred to govern
ment by dynamite."
"The worthy judge had blindly
chanced upon one of the causes, but
had failed to realize casual relation
ship. The words to him were simply
a conventional epigram he does not
know that there is a law of life, just
as Immutable as the law of gravita
tion; of attraction and repulsion, a
law of life which meets tyranny and
Injustice by resistance. The inapt
ness, aye, the unwarrantable character
of this utterance of -the judge discloses
how far afield outside of the case he
went to take another slap at labor."
Defends the Federation.
disposing of the entire stockholdings
of thA Union Pacific railway in the
Southern Pacific company by transfer
to the stockholders of the Union Pa
cific company would not so effectually
end the Union Pacific merger as to
eomolv with its dissolution decree.
By upholding certain disputed counts
against James A. Patten ana otners,
charged with a violation of the Sher
man anti-trust law In running a so-
called cotton corner, the court sent the
case against the men to trial in the
lower courts.
Patten. Eugene G. Scales, Frank B,
Hayne and William H. Brown were in
dicted in New York on charges or con
SDlring on January 1, 1910, to "corner
cotton by extensive buying on the New
York Cotton Exchange as a result of
which "the price would be enhanced
and ultimately bring arbitrary and ex
cessive prices." The corner was de
scribed as calculated to yield $10,000,-
000 in profits.
Railroads and express companies won
a revolutionary decision when It was
held that contracts limiting' to small
sums their liabilities for loss of ship
ments were not subject to state laws
but to Interstate laws.
It was further held that contracts
limiting liabilities to a small sum. In
return for a low rate, were not In viola
tion of the interstate commerce laws,
particularly the Carmack amendment.
Scores upon scores of such contracts
have been held void under state laws.
Notice by publication to a person ab
sent from a state of a divorce suit
against him or her Is sufficient to give
to the state jurisdiction over the absent
party, If the state be the matrimonial
domicile of the man and wife, accord
ing to a decision today by the supreme
The Minnesota reciprocal demurrage
law of 1907 was annulled as unconsti
tutional by the court. The court held
that the federal government had legis
lated on the subject ana so taken away
all power. If any existed, from the
states to legislate on it as far as inter
state commerce was concerned. Sev
eral states have similar laws.
The court concluded Its decisions
without announcing those on the state
rate cases.
Reno Man Shoots at Wife Five
Times in Year.
She Sues for Divorce After
Watching Marksmanship.
-Five times
with a
her to
Wichita Chicken Show Exhib
its in Danger of Freezing.
Topeka Will Outdo Other
Towns in Entries.
to the city's
forum where the
show is to be held. Topeka probably
will outdo other towns in the number
of birds shown. All the coops being
delivered at the exhibition rooms to
day are heavily blanketed to keep the
chickens' combs and feet from freez
ing. The show will continue all week.
Strange Animal Attacks 12 Year Old
Kansas Lad.
Hutchinson, Kan., Jan. 6.
shot at her with revolver.
One time attacked her
butcher knife.
One time tried to choke
That Is the bill of particulars filed
by Mrs. Sadie 3oalth against her hus
band, Alfred J. Boalth, in a suit file
for divorce In the district court.
And it all happened within less
than a year, the wife declares. Mr.
and Mrs. Boalth were doing light
housekeeping In Hutchinson at the
On four or five occasions last win
tr and spring the husband tried to
shoot her, the wife says. Once she
saved her life only by grasping the
revolver, the hammer snapping down
on her finger.
Last May he used the butcher knife
on her. she says, and her life wa
saved then by her sister. In Septem
ber to death,
stand it any
longer, she says, and she left him on
December 12 last.
Men are working night and day pre
paring the artificial gas plant at the
foot of Monroe street for use in case
the natural supply, is either exhausted
or the Kansas Natural refuses to fur
nish the local distributing company
with the product i from the southern
Kansas and Oklahoma fields. The re
port came to the' city hall today of
this action of the Consumer's Light,
Heat and Power company and it has
been discovered that Topeka will have
to pay the old franchise price of SI. 25
a thousand cubic feat if the natural
supply is cut off from the city mains.
L. G. Treleaven, manager of the
Consumers' company and secretary
of the old Excelsior Coke and Fuel
company, admitted this morning that
the artificial plant was being repaired
and remodeled for the local distribu
tion in case any action was taken by
the Kansas Natural company or in
case the supply of natural gas was ex-
"We want to be" ready to send arti
ficial gas through the mains," explain
ed manager xreieaven. "There is al
ways danger that the supply will be
exhausted. I will not say that we are
anticipating any trouble but when it
comes we will be prepared for it. We
are under a contract to furnish gas
whether it is natural or artificial and
we will do all in our power to keep the
gas In the mains.".
Mayor Blllard would make no com
ments on the action of the Consumers'
Light, Heat and Power company to
day except that the corporation was
under obligation to the city through
its franchise to , manufacture gas If
However," he .said, "the old fran
chise allows them to charge $1.25 a
thousand cubic feet this is- prohibi
tive to most consumers and will stop
the use of gas for heating purposes."
Billard Answers Sharitt.
Mayor Billard today answers the at
tacks made upon him by George Shar-
ritt, one of the receivers appointed by-
Judge Pollock. "
Mr. Shaiitt made one false state.
ment maybe more, the mayor ex
plained. "He said that after the re
ceivers had applied for the increase
in price some time ago not a mayor
or city made a protest - against- the
'Sharitt must have been.. asleep
possibly he did not read the newspa
pers- Didn't he know that twenty-five
mayors met at Kansas City and made
protest against the raise? Didn't
he hear that we appointed a commit
tee to do all in its power to prevent an
advance in the cost of the product? And
didn't he find out that the chairman of
this committee went to Judge Pollock
personally and requested that a hear
ing be given the cities before an in
crease was ordered? I am sorry that
Mr. Sharitt did not keep awake to
these facts.
"And I might add that Judge Pollofck
promised to give us a hearing before
he gave out his order and the hear
ing never was granted.
Sharitt asks whom I represent. I
would like to say that I represent every
gas consumer, in Topeka with the ex- j
ceptlon of a receiver of the gas com- j
pany and a few others of Pollock's
friends. Sharitt may be a gas con-
When the JTew Congress Meets
in Extra Session.
Same Course as in Last Session
Seems Likely.
Washington, Jan. 6. Democratic re
vision of the tariff actually got under
way today when the house ways and
means committee began hearings,
which will be the basis of the new
tariff bill of the congress to repeal the
Payne-Aldrich law In accordance with
the party's pledges for an "immediate
downward revision," and "tariff rev
enue only."
The hearing was on schedule "A" the
chemical schedule. The committee
plans . to go down through the list,
taking a new schedule every other day
until all have been covered.
Most of the Democrat majority of the
present ways and means committee will
go into the next congress which is to
convene in extra session probably be
tween March 15, and early April. When
the tariff hearings are ended Democrats
of the committee will devote them
selves, in daily sessions to the formula
tion of the tentative tariff legislation
which they hope to have ready by
March 15 if not earlier. The concrete
result of their deliberations on the new
tariff rates from "acids to zinc" the
expansion of the free list and so on
will be formally passed upon at a
caucus of the representatives of the
new house soon after the opening of the
extra session. This caucus will deter
mine whether the new tariff legislation
shall be in the form of a single meas
ure or in separate bills, schedule by
schedule alon the lines of the tariff
procedure of the last session when
chemical, wool, cotton, iron and steel
and free list bills went through both
houses but met presidential vetoes.
Chairman Underwood, of the ways
and means committee, and his asso
ciates are inclined to favor the same
course as that of last session. By that
procedure It is urged by its advocates
"log rolling' or trading on rates on
various articles could be avoided. The
chemical schedule is one of three or
four, that command the greatest Inter
est. Democratic committee claim re
vision along the ' lines embodied Jn the
chemical bill of last year would save
American consumers $17,000,000 by re
ducing the prices of all chemicals and
at the same time Increasing the reve.
nue to the government. The plan of
the committee is to levy low rates of
duty upon noncompetitive articles pro
duced in this country, especially the
chemicals used in the textile Industry
and chemicals and drugs used for med
ceivers Makes Statement.
Declares Receivers, Not Pol
lock, Are to Blame.
Additional Rock Island Author
ity Is Brought Here.
AH Legal and Claim Business
From St. Louis Division.
The 50c Charge Made Impera
tive by Conditions.
Present Supply Gone Cost
More to Get More Gas.
Motor Car, Rapidly Driven,
Skids Into Creek.
One Dead, Four Injured, After
House Party Ends.
Edwardsville, Kan., , Jan. 6. A
motor car containing five persons
skidded from a bridge over Mission
creek in the sleet and fell 25 feet. L.
A. Abbott, a motor car dealer of Bon-
sumer but I believe he represents Judere ' ner Springs, the driver of the car, was
Pollock and the gas company to a i killed. The others were injured but
greater extent than he does the mass
of consumers in Topeka.'
Gas at 25 Cents This Month.
There is no doubt in the minds of the
not severely. Two of the. girls in the
car were from Kansas City.
The accident was the tragic end of
a house party at the home of John
Benedict, held for his daughter, Kose
city officials and the officials of the : -Benedict, and three of her friends.
Great Bend. Kan., Jan. 6. Persons
In the vicinity of Hargrave, a small
town in Ness county, are much con
cerned over the appearance of what is
declared to be a mysterious animal
that attacked and seriously injured a
iz-year-old boy, Jacob Schlagel. The
Even Newspaper Men Barred
by Warden McClaughry.
Threats to Blow Up Federal
"Pen" Rouses Officers.
Wichita, Kan.. Jan. 6. Zero weath-
I er and a light snow falling was the
1 reception exhibitors at the Kansas
State Poultry show received this morn
ing vhftn thaw h-t.Stto1 r no thalr
Mr. Gompers defended the American exhibits. Hundreds of coops of fancy her he tried to choke
Federation of Labor as a force for chickens were hurried from express Finally she couian t
betterment of conditions and resented cars
the attacks made upon it since tne
beginning of the dynamiters' case.
"We have been investigated," he
said, "from the first insinuation that
the enemies of our movement made to
get the men higher up and because of
their directly and indirectly connect
ing my name with the men supposedly
higher up I have declared my readi
ness at any time to submit for ex
amination by any representatives of
constituted authority or by a commit
tee of any respectable body of citizens,
every document, paper or account,
financial or otherwise. I have chal
lenged, and now challenge, any of our
enemies to show that there has been
any unlawful conduct or any connec
tion, direct or remote, with any vio
lence in connection with labor contro
versy or otherwise.
"Mr. Frank Morrison, secretary of
the American Federation of Labor,
was summoned to appear before the
grand jury. He took with him not
only all the financial accounts and
transactions of the American Federa
tion of Labor but his own, and after
a thorough scrutiny and investigation
they were returned to him and are now
at our office.
. "Not a scintilla of evidence or sus
picion of wrong doing could be dis
covered; not a scintilla existed, or ex
ists." The federation leader referred to
statements made by John Kirby, Jr.,
president of the National Manufactur
ers, William J. Burns, the detective
who caused the arrest of the McNama
ras after the Los Angeles Times ex
plosion; Harrison Grey Otis, editor of
that paper and others whom he char-
Leavenworth, Kan., Jan. 6. The
reason for Warden McClaughry's or
der barring visitors from the federal
penitentiary was learned when it be
came known that letters threatening
boy was herding some cattle and when the destruction of the prison and its
found he was unconscious and badly . officials had been received. The order
cut about the face and neck
animal's claws.
by the
Congressman Called to Bedside of His
Pittsburg, Kan., Jan. 6. Congress
man Phil P. Campbell, of the Third
Kansas, is at the bedside of his moth
er. Mrs. Mary Campbell, who is criti
cally ill at her home here.
Mrs. Campbell has been a resident of
this county for nearly 40 years. Mr.
Campbell was summoned from Wash
ington a few days ago. -
is without precedent at the prison ex
cept in cases of quarantine against
Some of these letters, all anony
mous, are written In red ink and con
tain dire predictions. Others are ad
dressed to members of the "dynamite
squad." Mail will not be delivered
until the letters are examined by gov
ernment postoffice inspectors.
Warden McClaughry's order was is
sued at the instance of Attorney Gen
eral Wickersham, to whom it is sup
posed the first officer of the prison
reported the receipt of the fetters.
Not even newspaper men are al
lowed within the steel gates. It is
feared someone might smuggle arms
or explosives Into the institution or
attempt to kill the prison officials.
Consumers' Light, Heat & Power com
pany, but the gas sosld In Topeka
this month will be at th's -iual rate of
25 cents a thousand cic feet.
"In the first place," said Mayor Bil
lard. "We will pay only twenty-five
cents for gas this month. I don't know
what charge will be made by the com
pany but twenty-five cents Is all that
consumers in Topeka will pay."
Manager Treleaven sets all the un
easy at rest by this statement:
"I do not anticipate any increase in
the price this month. We have no in
formation to the effect that more will
be charged. The bills undoubtedly will
be the same as before."
The pressure today is not as good as
"Don't hrag about the good pressure
we held Sunday," warned Mr. Treleav
en, "Today the cold spell Is holding over
and quite naturally the pressure is
lower. But we are sending out through
the mains all the gas we can procure
at the city limits."
United States Has $34.72 for Every
One of 96 Million People.
With Abbott and Miss Benedict In the
car were Florence McKinley and W.
D. Fernald, jr., of Kansas City, and
Donald Perg, driver of the machine.
The car was running at a rapid rate
in order that the party might catch
a train at Edwardsville,
The cries of the girls as the car went
over the embankment attracted a
farmer, who arrived quickly enough to
aid all but Abbott to gain the banks of
the crcic
Jewes Remember His Championship
of Their Cause.
George Sharitt, receiver for the Kan.
sas Natural Gas company, is indignant.
Before leaving for the southern Kansas
gas fields last night, Sharitt declared
that the abuse of Judge John C. Pollock
because of his recent order was unfair
and unjust. The Topeka man places
at the door of Kansas state and munic
ipal officials much of the blame for
the present troubles and complications
in the gas situation.
In the opinion of Sharitt the order of
Judge Pollock, issued on the recommen-
dation of the gas company receivers.
was the only solution of the gas sit
uation for Kansas and Missouri towns.
He declares that -gas cannot be fur
nished for less than 50 cents a thou
sand feet and even at that price, the
receivers have lost all sight of the in
dividual stock holders of the Kansas
Natural and are merely striving to se
cure enough money to provide an ade
quate supply for future years and to
pay-off the present indebtedness of the
big corporation.
Blame the Receivers, Says Sharitt.
"City officials of Kansas City, and
others towns have worked the. people
into a froth over this thing," said
Sharitt. "But Judge Pollock merely did
the thing we asked him to do and the
only thing' that could have been done.
It was the only way to conserve the
gas supply and to keep gas in the
mains. Even then, when this clamor
arose, we went before the court and
asked to have the order rescinded. Then
Judge Pollock showed better judgment
than we when he declared tnat such ac
tion would allow the supply to diminish
and that the innocent consumers would
suffer. But If there is to De any oiame
in this matter, let the people blame us.
We asked the court to do what it did
and the only fair thing that could be
"The trouble, continued Sharitt, "Is
that every city and state official had
reason to know that Just this very
thlnar would happen and they did abso
lutely nothing to prevent it. When an
aDDralsement of the gas company's
nroDerty was ordered no one said a word.
The utilities commission and the mayors
f tho various towns knew that it
meant an increase in the price of gas.
Thv knew it could mean nothing else,
But did they go before the court and
coir tn take a part In this investiga
tion or to be notified before an order
was Issued? Not a Dit or ix. xuy
waited until the order was made. Then
they set up a howl."
Criticises Utilities Commission.
With the exception of John Marshall,
its attorney, Sharitt has no kind words
for the utilities commission. He de
clares that the commission dodged the
issue and made no effort to investigate
the real conditions.
Away along last May." said Sharitt,
"tv.o oub nomoanv went before the
utilities commission and told them of
the situation. They asked permission
to increase the rate to boiler consum
ers in tl-e amount or two cents "
thousand feet- And what nas me
utilities commission done about it?
Why, they have never even passed on
the case. The attitude of John Mar
shall in this matter, however, has been
most admirable. In the Kansas City
Officials Receive New Terri
tory Under Supervision.
New Prominence to Headquar
ters in This City.
Through an announcement Just re
ceived in this city, Topeka. Is riven ad
ditional prominence and authority as
second district headquarters of the
Rock Islands Lines. The entire legal
and claim business of the lines be
tween Kansas City and St. Louis has
been transferred to the offices of Paul
B. Walker, general attorney, and W.
C. Cartlldge, claims agent, with head
quarters In Topeka. Tho new order
Is effective Immediately.
The order follows the resignation of
F. W. Evans, attorney for tho Rook
Island and Frisco at St. Loads, and Ju
H. Bolte, claim agent of tho road la
the same city. Evans will spend all of
his time with the Frisco legal work,
Bolte will enter the general praotloo
of law. All reports, communications,
and legal business cenneoted with tho
offices of F. W. Evans and A. H- Bolts
will be handled In the offices of Paul
B. Walker and William C Cartlidgo.
The announcement means that hero
after the Topeka legal headquarters
will handle all of Missouri, Kansas.
Nebraska, New Mexico and Colorado.
This big territory comes under tho
jurisdiction of General . Attorney
It means also that Claim Aa-ent
Cartlidge will handle the St. Louis di
vision in addition to his old district,
including the Kansas, Missouri, Ne
braska, Colorado and El Paso di
visions. All of his adjusters at this
time make their headauartera in
T. J. May has been appointed claim
adjuster for the St. Louis division with
headquarters at Eldon. Mo. William
E. F. Kirk has been appointed claim
adjuster with headquarters at Kansas
City to succeed Mr. May. James S.
Palmer is made adjuster at Des
Moines, vice E. S. Earhart, resigned.
Homer Wells succeeds Mr. Palmer at
Des Moines. Philip B. Lowrey is ap
pointed claim adjuster at Des Moines
to succeed C. M. Gladson, resigned.
M. E. Gault goes to Little Rock to suc
ceed C. N. Bell, resigned.
Topeka now is the second district
headquarters for the operating, pas
senger, claim, legal, mechanical and
other depending departments of the
Rock Island Lines. Only the freight
department is divorced from the gen
eral offices proper. The general
freight agent has headquarters at
Kansas City.
Winter Temperature and Snow
Come at Last.
Close to Zero Tuesday Morn
ing, Says Weather Man.
After a record breaking period of sun
shine and even temperatures Kansas and
Topeka are now experiencing the tint
touch of a genuine brand of winter at
mospheric conditions. Th minimum
temperature this morning as recorded or
the government observer was five degrees
' - KUVVt MUU. A Uglll DUVJW UM, imrcu
he snowea excellent juas- Kansas, and the Banta Fe reported this
Washington, Jan. 6. The latest
estimate of the population of con
tinental United States, places the
figure at 96.496,000 on January 2,
1913. This figure was used by the
treasury department experts in deter
mining that of the total money in cir
culation in the country on that date,
$3,350,727,580. The amount per capita
was $34.72. ,
Jeff Davis's Successor Named.
Little Rock, Jan. 6. Governor George
W. Donaghey today appointed J. N.
Heiskell. editor of the Arkansas Ga
zette of this city, U. S. senator - to
succeed the late Jeff Davis. The ap
pointment is for the short term ending
March 4.
-Weather Forecast for Kansas.
Fair and warmer tonight and Tuesday.
n his I heat or Dotn.
. i ..j "Some of the
ment and looked at the facts as they
really exist when he told the men In
the meeting that they could not hope
to secure natural gas In the future
at the' old prices." .
City Officials Insincere.
Sharitt complains bitterly of the ln-
Hinceritv of the city officials of Kansas
and Missouri towns which use natural
gas. In 22 towns the city receives tree
gas. Yet &narn.i iwiiiia uuk uwi w
the" clamor for cheap gas and for a
ronservation of the supply that none
of these officials have shown the least
tendency to relinquish the contract to
use all the free gas possible.
If these officials are really sincere
and are not playing politics, they
could very easily vitiate their muni-
cioal contracts In the Interest of hu
manity over whom they now nhow so
much concern. Those contracts were
made at a time when it seemed the
Kansas-Oklahoma gas supply was as
inexhaustible as is the west Virginia
fields. There are 22 towns and cities
receiving free gas either for light or
him for his championship of the Jewish
cause In the recent diplomatic em
"broglio with Russia which resulted In
the abrogation of the treaty of 1832,
towns even receive
free gas for their schools ana
churches. They heat and light their
city halls, fire stations, hospitals and
public buildings. They don't pay a
11. v, Tk i, .b. cent lor iiua .8". out uie uomui
gift of the B'Nai' B'Rith, the constl- : tor gas for the poor, meagre salaried
tutional executive committee of which working man none of these cities have
. . j-, . j. oi tiipir would shut off their free
rodent of the national oVnHnn ! supply and let these poor working men ' degrees above zero at 10:30 o'clock this
?r?h R-iSai wrE hfi . il have a little of the fuel to cook his j morning. "Sunny" Flora stated this
of the BNai B Rit heads f the com- M v..Mi,f,e tm v.. aCtrr,non that the mercurv will nroba-
mlcalnn will mat,. ,V,o , a I . I PJiTtV -. w . Ull
1111. ..J..'.. ..... .... n v. ,..v f - V. 1 1 1 L It'll.
morning that the "soft stuff" was oomlng
down gently along all Its lines in the state
The gas pressure In Topeka was good
this morning. There was comparatively
Lttle difficulty In maintaining street rail
way traffic on account of the snow. A
few of th cars, however, ware slightly
off schedule time.
.he demand for assistance at ths Provi
dent association has been somewhat
greater today tuan nornu.1 for the last
few weeks. The plumbers have received
a few calls to thaw out frosen pipes, but
trouble in this respect has been nominal.
The coal and shoe men hove found teosVs
The mercury will probably be hovering
close to the zero mark Tuesday morning,
according to "Sunny" Flora, the weather
man, who takes things In a philosophical
manner. "It Is much better to hava our
winter weather now." said he, "than la
"Why, this weather is mild as compared
with that of a year ago today. Then -ho
mercury went down to 12 degrees; In
fact the maximum temperature for the
day was five degrees below zero.
"Yesterday was the first day wince De
cember 12 that the temperatures were be
low normal. At 7 o'clock Sunday even
ing the thermometer reading waa ten de
grees; at midnight, eight, and at 7'M
o'clock this morning, five degrees. It waa
five degrees at 9 o'clock."
Up to 9 o'clock this momir-g the sno"
measured one and nine-tenths inches. It
is of a dry variety, measuring when
melted .06 of an Inch.
A fifteen mile breeze from the north
has held the temperatures down today.
The minimum temperature was four
Luncheon, at which the president -played
host, followed.
Was Once Traveling Representative
of the Topeka "Commonwealth.'
Guthrie, Okla., Jan. 6. B. C. For
ney, of Guthrie, nephew of the late
John Forney, tho Philadelphia jour
nalist, and himself a newspaper man
for years In, Philadelphia, New York,
Chicago and Topeka, died last night at
Stroud, Okla., where he had a farm.
Mr. Forney was a pioneer in Kansas,
Oklahoma and New Mexico and was
an aspirant for United States senator
in New Mexico during the campaigns
prior to statehood.
early morning breakfast.
of it.
"In Kansas City, Mo., where there
is tne preatesi -ui n-ivimu, iuwh gtm i
2.300 free street lights. It lights its i
hospitals and fire stations and public
buildings and heats them, too, but
doesn't pay a cent. And now when the
gas is low, the town enlists the aid
of Topeka and other towns and makes
a great demonstration In the interests
of the poor, working people. But non
of them have relinquished their con
tract which gives them millions of feet
of free gas.
That State Contract.
"We furnish th-j Parsons asylum gas
at a contract price which is ridiculous
ly low. The state pays us six cents a
thousand feet for that gas. In Janu
ary, 1912, that Institution alone used
275.000 feet of gas a day, or 8,368,000
(Continued on Page Two.)
afternoon that the mercury will proba
ble be below the.sero point by morn
ing. The shippers forecast reads: "Protect
36 hour shipments north and west
against temperatures of ten or lower;
east and south, zero."
The hourly readings:
7 o'clock 6
8 o'clock 6
9- o'clock........ 5
10 o'clock 5
11 o'clock 6
12 o'clock E
1 o'clock 5
2 o'clock 6
Ice Melts Quickly.
Chicago, Jan. 6. Three tons of Ice
melted In five minutes today when an
ice auto caught fire In front of a
down town drug store. William Fes
sler, the chauffeur, stopped the truck
in front of the drug store to deliver
some Ice, when gasoline dripped on the
pavement. This was ignited when a
man tossed a lighted cigar stub on tho
J t

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