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14 PAGES NEEDS IT. EVERYBODY 14 PAGES READ IT. FRIDAY EVENING. TOPEKA KANSAS- FEBRUARY 14, 1913- FRIDAY EVENING- m TWO CENTS LAST EDITION. riVE CENTS FOR R. 1 SAFETY General Manager Kouns of Santa Fe Talks IS STILJJ DRAW NOTES OFSENATE Sight School Bill by Trontman of Shawnee. POLITICSJS IN IT Topeka's Advantages Over looked in Fair Fight. A FAMILY VALENTINE Sixth Day of Battle in Streets of 3Iexico Shows 'o Appreciable Advan tage to Either Side. Lively Tilt on Office Tenure About That. Additional Train Crew Bill. Senate Committee Would Rath er Spend State Money. and Recall. STATE FAIR FIGHT WEDNESDAY Both Hutchinson and Topeka BEFORE SENATE COMMITTEE i FIRST ROUND ENDS IN DEFEAT AN ULTIMATUM FROM MADERO Is Greeted by Rebels With Shower of Shells. Government Army Continues to Receive Reinforcements. Mexico City, Feb. 14. The sixth day of fighting in the streets of the Mexi can capital brought no diminution in the fierceness of the battle. Up to noon no appreciable gain had been made by either side. The hundreds of thousands of ter ror stricken noncombatants have grown indifferent as to who wins, but all in the city uttered a prayer this morning that one side or the other might bring to a termination the ter rible artillery duel which has wrecked the city and caused so much loss of Determination was expressed today by both sides. An ultimatum from Madero to the rebels was greeted with a hail of shells and Diaz later asserted in an official communication to the United States ambassador that he was in control of the city. Expert observers declared Diaz had the advantage of position In some re pects, but that the federal comman der had a great superiority in num bers and could count on practically unlimited ammunition and supplies. Diaz is also well provided with am munition for the present. President Madero last night re ceived more reinforcements. Furtr bodies of troops were expected today. General Blanquet was officially re ported to have asked permission from the department of war to leave a colonel in command of his force at Toluca and come to the capital with a portion of his men. General Rivera is on the way from the state of Oaxaca with 900 federal soldiers. The federal troops were posted dur ing the night at points considered of strategic importance and General Huerta declared this morning that the effort to rush the rebel lines which he had promised for yesterday would be forthcoming today. Long before daylight a steady stream of refugees, for the most part belonging to the lower classes but also comprising many of the better ele ments, poured out of the densely populated district in the neighborhood of the rebel lines. Orders had been given to the gov- j ernment troops not to oppose the evacuation of the district by the non combatants. Great crowds of them filled the streets staggering under the weight of bundles of bedding and. oth er personal effects. Sick people were carried away on the shoulders of the relatives. Aged women tottered feebly along, causing their frightened relatives much delay in their panic stricken flight. Many of these people had nowhere to go and were destitute. Most of them found refuge in churches. Incidents of the Day. Mexico City. Feb. 14. The rebels opened the battle today at a quarter to six when they started firing in the direction of the federal concentration points. It had been expected that the federals would attack first. President Madero sent another ulti matum to Felix Diaz demanding his eurrender and the reply came In the ehape of a number of cannon balls from the insurgent's biggest guns. The first salvo from the rebel lines was followed quickly by a series of others in rapid succession. Then the machine guns and rifles began their whirr and patter, the fire being con centrated where government troops were gathering. The federal guns did not delay in making vigorous reply. The firing soon went into a steady fusillade. All around the arsenal the flash of guns and the quick firers was incessant. Federal officers declared their men were preparing to make a forward movement on the rebel lines. A constant stream of refugees, most of them Mexican citizens, was ob served carrying bundles and scurrying toward the suburbs from the densely populated district betwen the arsenal and the national palace as soon as the firing became intense. In many of the churches special services were held by the clergy for the restoration of peace to the capital. Thousands of refugees knelt in the old edifice and joined in the prayers. At the same time they trusted not a little to the heavy walls for protection against flying projectiles. Convent Wrecked. A convent, five blocks beyond the national palace, was wrecked by a shell from a rebel gun and a number of its inmates were killed. Many shrapnel shells from the re bel artillery fell around the cable of fice, the American club and other buildings in that vicinity. Others reached their mark, the national pal ace, at the end of the line of streets. Two federal batteries of five guns each stationed near the British lega tion poured a constant stream of shells into the arsenal. Another fed eral battery posted on San Juan de Letran street joined in. The rebel gunners soon turned their attention away from the National pal ace and to the federal batteries near the British legation from which the government gunners were pounding them unmercifully. The government was reported dur ing the morning to be preparing to raze with dynamite four solid blocks consisting mostly of residences just east of the rebel positions between the arsenal and the national palace to obtain a better sweep for the fire from the federal artillery. The fire from the rebel batteries kept up very rapidly throughout the morning but at about 10 o'clock a de . crease was noticed in that from the government artillery. TO OPEN A WAY. 3Iaclero Prepares to Blow Up I "our Jiloeks or city. ilexico City, Feb. 14. Federal en gineers began placing a series of mines charged with dynamite between cer tain houses between the national pal ace and the arsenal today. The ex plosion of these is to -elar a -passage four blocks long through which the artillery men will direct lire against Diaz and his army in their positions around the arsenal. The buildings in this doomed section are constructed wall to wall and the district is densely populated. Residtnts were warned during the night to evacuate their homes. All escaped with nothing but their per sonal belongings. General Huerta, the federal com mander, declared that with a flat trajectory the projectiles from mor tars would soon demolish the arsenal. For this purpose it was necessary to destroy the houses before attempt ing to dislodge the rebls. Straggling bands of federal soldiers passed the United States embassy. It was believed they were deserters and the impression grew that the govern ment troops were refusing to continue fighting. The White Cross society endeavored late today to arrange a two hour truce in order to collect the dead and wound ed. The federal fire become less intense and the rebel artillery also slackened slightly. Feliz Diaz late today issued a notice that he was about to increase the fury of his bombardment of the national palace. He warned noncommandants to with draw from the danger zone. More per sistent firing on the palace by the reb els then began. Three different engagements in the street were precipitated by the edging in of the federal forces toward the rebel position. In each of them both sides played safe after a sharp ex change of small arm fire and a vicious play of machine guns. (Continued on Page Two.) TODAY IN CONGRESS. Private Pension Bills Had Right of Way in the House. Washington, Feb. 14. Senate con vened at noon, resumed debate on army bill. District of Columbia appro priation bill reported. J. R. Commons before interstate com merce commission hearing on railroad valuation bill, suggested valuation staff of interstate commerce commission. House convened at 11 a. m. Consid ered private pension bills. Southwest ern traffic was subject of inquiry at shipping trust investigating committee hearing. Territories committee heard Alaska coal land entrymen who appealed fo legislation permitting entrymen to prove their claims in court and secure patents. Fair Skies for Saturday, Too. A southwest breeze blowing at an eighteen miles pace brought the tem perature up to within three degrees of the sixty degree point by 2 o'clock this afternoon. It is almost a typical March day. For the first time in a month the weather map snows no zero weather; consequently the warm weather is expected to continue at least a day or two. The forecast for tonight and Saturday indicates that the sky will be clear and that there will be a continuance of the compara tively high temperatures. The hourly readings: 7 o'clock 27;11 o'clock 46 8 o'clock 27112 o'clock 53 9 o'clock 34! 1 o'clock .....55 10 o'clock 40 2 o'clock 57 STANLEYjS SURE Kansas Committeeman Sees Reconstructed Party. He Explains Intent of Olive Branch by Regulars. There is no fear in the heart of Fred K: Stanley, Republican national committee man for Kansas, as he views the action of the Progressive leaders in refusing to accept the olive branch extended to therr. by the Republicans at their recent Kansas Day banquet. Stanley declares that tu-j action of the Progressives in Topeka wes merely the action of the leaders, who had previously made it impossible for them to come back; but does not think their de cision will affect the rank and file o voters. Stanley hopes for a reunited party in 1914, which will be strengthened and puri fied by the spirit of harmony and gool feeling which will prevail. Regarding tne Topeka meeting of Kansas Progressives, Stanley, said: "I have read the newspaper reports cr the meeting of the Progressive party In Topeka yesterday. Not having been pres ent in Topeka at this meeting I am ot course, unable to express any opinion as to the probable extent o- the movement. 'The action of the meeting in rejectli g the offer of harmony submitted by the Republicans at the Kansas Day club was only to be expected. The meeting was cai.ed expressly for the purpose of creat ing a new party and not for the purpose of returning to the Republican party. The overtures of peace submitted by the publicans were made to those who desired to come back to the party, and were not intended for those who deliberately de sired to affiliate themselves with another and adverse party. We who are Repub licans realized that there were those wixi believed that it was necessary for them to become members of a third party They have a perfect right to associate themselves with such party and we have no fault to find with them for so doing. "There is, however, in the state of Kan sas a very large number who supported the so-called Progressive movement at the last election who are pow unwilling to leave the Republican party and be come members of a party adverse thereto. It was to these that the overtures of har mony issued by the Kansas Day olun were addressed. These overtures were made in good faith and in all sincerity and they are still open. I am glad to say that they are also being received in tne same spirit In which they were given b ; Ifcrgre numbers of Progressives who tem porarily left the party at the last elec tion, and I am firmly convinced that be fore the next state election so many of them will have returned that the Repub lican party will present a united front to the enemy, strengthened and purified by u.e spirit of harmony and good feeling which will prevail. I have great hope for the immediate reconstruction and future success of the Republican party." MEMORIAL SERVICE. British Xation Pays Tribute to Mem ory of Scott Party. London. Feb. 14. The British na tion today paid its last sad respects to the memory of Captain Robert F. Scott and his heroic companions, who died in the wilds of the Antarctic after reaching the south pole. A great memorial service was held in the ca thedral of St. Paul in the center of the metropolis. It was attended by people of every walk in life from King George in the uniform of an admiral of the fleet down to common laborers. The king, surrounded by a brilliant ly uniformed staff occupied a seat be neath the great dome. The other parts of the cathedral were filled by leastl Kpow tbat te i TUivti like tqz5 Atz fTn?iTy Valeuiivej. you 30c the . general public to the fullest ex tent of the accommodation. Only a -few-seats had been reserved for theryEil gaty which comprised representatives of Queen' Mother Alex andra and of the Duke and Duchess of Connaught. Premier Asquith, with all the cabinet ministers was present as were many members of the foreign diplomatic corps, including Irwin M. laughlin, secretary of the United States embassy and Commander Pow ers Symington American naval at tache. Hours before the time set for the singing of the first hymn, "Rock of Ages," the police began regretfully to turn away thousands who could not even get within view of the doors of the cathedral. The service was a simple, but sol emn one. It included the playing of the dead march from "Saul" in which the great cathedral organ was ac companied by a military band. The service concluded with the hymn, "Jesus, Lover of My Soul." In the closing collect the name of five dead explorers were included. The whole service was most im pressive. Vast crowds stood uncover ed outside the cathedral. A great number of British blue jackets were present, both inside and outside. VOILAND'S IDEA. Would Change Legislative System Irish Appreciative. Fred Voiland of Shawnee county would change the present legislative system. In a resolution offered in the house, "Voiland proposes to change the method by dividing the session into two parts. The first period would last ten days, he provides, and in that time bills would be introduced, ad vanced to second reading and referred to the standing committees. Then the members would go home for 40 days, return and consider the bills favor ably reported. The Topeka Irish appreciated that "Home Rule" resolution adopted by the legislature and have sent several expressions of thanks to the members. This letter, signed by F. M. Hayden, P. H. Coney, M. Heery, M. J. Fitz gerald, Patrick Walsh and Thomas Doran all well known Topeka Irish men sent this letter to Speaker W. L. Brown, following the passage of the "home rule" resolution: "Dear Sir: In grateful apprecia tion of the exalting action of yourself and your patriotic colleagues of the house of representatives of Kansas, in passing unanimously your commenda tory, whereas and resolutions, con gratulating Ireland and England on the progressive passage of the "Irish Home Rule bill," "We, the devoted friends of Ire land and Irish liberty in Topeka, Kan sas, herewith send you a slight token of our high esteem in a barrel of choice apples, which we respectfully ask you to accept from us, and hope they may prove as much of a delight to you as your action in endorsing Irish home rule was to us, and the good friends of Ireland everywhere. "Wishing you each and all the blessing of strength and wisdom as free legislators in this glorious land of freedom and free" men and women. in "Lincoln's land on Lincoln's day." we have the honor to De your friends. F. M. Hayden. P. H. Coney. M. Heery, M. J. Fitzgerald, Patrick Walsh, Thomas F. Doran." Weather Forecast for Kansas. Fair tonight and Saturday. Warmer tonight. Bank of Topeka. oavings aeparuiieiu open iur sav ings accounts February 15, 6 p. m. to 8 p. m. Adv. Bills Before Senate. Two-Cent Fare Measure Ut Others Items , Today. A night school for persons in Kan sas over the age of 14 years ia in corporated in a bill introduced in the senate today by . James .Troutman, senator from Shawnee county. On a petition of ten parents or guardians of children in a school district, the board of education of the city men tioned must provide immediately for a school. And as long as seven pupils continue In attendance, the school board will have to keep the teaching in effect. Under the Troutman bill recitations will have to be held not less than three evenings in a week. The regu lar terms of school, prescribed for the day classes will be adopted. The school must begin not later than Oc tober 15 and terminate not earlier than the first of April. In other words five months of school is pro vided for in the measure. Senator Troutman states that the school is in demand in all the larger cities of the state. At this time re ligious associations and charitable or ganizations provide night lessons but they are not inclusive. The schools will be attended by thousands who find it necessary to work during the day. An open battle between Senators Davis and Waggener with Senator Mahin landing a few oratorical blows now and then was averted this morn ing only through the quick action of Senator Porter of Crawford county. Sen. Davis had presented an amend ment to the house four-year-term resolution providing for the recall of the- elected public officers. Senator Waggener also sent in an amendment to the house bill bnt it did not in clude the recall. Senator Mahin and Waggener took exception to the Davis amendment and then the fireworks started. . The motion of Porter to postpone maneuvers until Wednesday afternoon when all resolutions and amendments bearing on the tenure of office and recall resolutions came in at a time whnthe; fight was approaching the drawing ot t'e Democratic platform stage and the senate gladly voted to wait until all decks were cleared for action. The house resolution by Shuey is a simple four-year-term proposition and does not include the entire state ticket nor the ban on re-election clause. Balie Waggener in an amendment worked out these points. Davis, however, came in with an amendment incorporating' the recall features. This started the row. The Republicans, led by Mahin, feared that this was combining two constitutional amendments into one and thus slip ping over on the minority an addi tional amendment this session. Then came Porter with the white flag a truce until Wednesday. It will pay to be on hand Wednesday after noon and watch the tight. The Dem ocrats are going to split on the Davis amendment someone will read pas sionately from the governor's message, Price of Clark will declare the whole proceedings an attempt to undermine the constitution of the state and Meek will wave his pencil in the air and attempt to spread molasses on the scene by quotations from the Scrip tures. Topeka's first victory in the state fair fight was won this morning when Senator Troutman succeeded in bring ing the killed bill out from Its grave as a special order for Wednesday af ternoon. Not desiring to see the capi tal city given a fair and open chance before the entire senate body Senator Carey, from Hutchinson, attempted to defeat the Troutman motion. "The committee decided against the Topeka proposition let's abide by the committee report," plead Carey. Troutman was on his feet in a min ute. "All we want is a fair chance," he said. "Shawnee county has offered to donate property worth $2oO,000 and has promised to add a bonus of $20,000. The senate is entitled to hear the facts in the case. We want you to compare honestly both offers. We want you to understand the nature of the bill that the committee has turned down." A standing vote was called for. Only 13 senators davored Troutman motion. The Topeka supporters gave up hopes of action in this channel. But when the opposition vote was called only 11 members rose to their feet. The senate will hear the Topeka Hutchinson squabble over a state fair Wednesday afternoon at 3 o'clock. It has been made a special order at this time. Here is where the first real test of the strength of the two propositions will be shown. Four absent Democrats and one enemy in the camp killed the Davis constitutional amendment this morn ing providing for the right of the leg islature to submit ten constitutional amendments to the people in 1S14. The final vote was 23 to 12. Meek, a Democrat, voted against it. Wilson of Jefferson, Nixon, McMillan and Ma lone were absent. The Republicans with few exceptions were against the amendment Incidentally the Hutch inson fair proposition lost a vote. Carey voted against Davis and this was Davis pet amendment his am bition to allow the people to vote on ten propositions to amend the consti tution of the state. Carey went to Davis with the olive branch after the vote but the Bourbon senator was not accepting excuses and torned his back on the state fair magnate. I ' The N'ighswonger concurrent reso 1 (Continued on Page Two.) Means Additional Expense of $2,000,000 a Year. A Most Important Measure to Consider. Declaring that the safety on railway trains would not be advanced any more by additional members of the ; crew than the safety of a load of hay and a corn planter would be Increased by additional men, C. W. Kouns, general manager of the Santa Fe railway in Topeka, made a convincing speech be fore the railway committees of the house and senate in the senate cham ber last night. General Manager Kouns and several hundred railroad men representing the roads in Kan sas appeared before the committees in opposition to the bill requiring extra men for train and switching crews. No action was taken. Chairman McMillan will announce the committee report soon. "It means an unnecessary expense of approximately $2,000,000 a year laid upon the railways of this state without any compensating benefit," said Mr. Kouns. - His talk, roducing many facts and figures in connection with railroading in this state, follows: "The bill now before you, providing additional train and yard men, is per haps one of the most important legis lative proposals presented during this session. (Continued on Pace Two.1 A GOLD BRICK Thus Speaker Brown Charac terizes Senate I. & R. Bill. But the House Bill Is Fair and Just Measure. Kansas will get a gold brick In the form of an initiative and referendum if the legislature passes the senate bill now In the hands of a" conference com mittee. At least that is the quite posi tive statement of W. L. (Ironjaw) Brown, speaker of the house. Brown insists that the house bill is the only fair and Just measure presented at this session and he will bitterly oppose any movement that would result in the passage of the measure accepted by the senate. Since the two bills have been under discussion, there have been hundreds of inquiries concerning the differences in the senate and house I. and R. and the reasons for a split over the pass age of the bill. Speaker Brown him self has received a good many letters and explains why the house bill is superior to the senate bill and should be accepted by the legislature as the only fair measure. Brown said: "The senate amendment insists on a constitutional amendment or a law submitted under the I. and R., shall receive a majority of all of the votes cast at that election. The house posi tion is that it should only receive a majority of the votes cast on that proposition. If the senate's idea pre vails, the I. and R. would, in my Judg ment, not be worth the paper it is written on. for the season that every voter who did not express himself or a proposition or even the amendment itself, would be counted against it and no amendment to our constitution has ever been successful that carried this proposition. "For illustration the largest vote cast at the last election was for pres idential electors 365,497. If the wom an's suffrage amendment, submitted at that time would have had to receive a majority of all votes cast, it wou have been defeated by 13.441 votes. "The prohibitive amendment would also have been defeated in fact it would be Impossible, as stated above, to ever carry an amendment or to put a law on the statute book under the I. and R. The house will stand firm on this proposition and does not propose to hand the people a gold brick in the shape of something that could not be considered as anything only a farce. "On the recall, the difference between the house and senate is the question of including the Judiciary in the recall. On this proposition they are as firm as they are on their position in regard to the I. and R., although the minority side of the house are divided on the question. " ie construction of the platform prom ise by the majority side is that there was no exceptions made as to whom the re call should apply. I think this will make the issue plain to the people "of the state and those that are honestly in favor f an I. and R. that means something will endorse the house position, also those who believe In the recall, regardless ot their political affiliations, will nay the house is right In standing for a Tecall for all faithless officials,- whether it be a judge or a countv surveyer." ENDSTNFISf FIGHT. A Row in the Montana House Lasts Nine Hours. Helena, Feb. 14. Nine hours of battlln? in the house to deprive the speaker of the right to name the house members of the steering committee culminated near mid night last night in a fist fight betweon Senator Fred Whiteside of Flathead, who had been active on the floor of the house, and Representative Lovelace of Park county, one of the leaders of the ma jority, which sought to take away lus speaker's power. After several blows had been exchanged the men were separated. Adverse Report on Bill and Offer of Troutman. City of Salt and Sand Favored by Senators. Scorning the gift of $20,000 and valuable grounds worth a quarter mil lion dollars, forgetting that located la the capital city of the state with all natural and artificial advantages ar buildings and modern equipment, de clining to recognize the success of ex positions held in the capital cities of other states laying aside all adnvan tages of value and operation and main tenance the senate committee on state and federal affairs late Thursday afternoon killed the state fair bill of Topeka and recommended for passag an appropriation asked by Hutchinson. Hutchinson asked the state for an appropriation of $15,000 to carry on a state fair on grounds without shade, without sod, without permanent fire proof buildings. Topeka asked for nothing, offered to donate $20,000 for maintenance and promised to give the state shaded, sodded, improved val uable grounds with massive brick and concrete buildings. But the commit tee, despite the firm Democratic plat form to cut down taxes refused th $20,000, the $250,000 grounds and In true political "pork barrel" style re commended the Hutchinson bill for passage. The committee report came as a surprise to the senate. In the first place the general sentiment favored, dropping the state fair proposition this year. In the second place the Topeka offer was so far in advance of the of fer from the central Kansas town that it was not thought the committe could refuse to recognize the capital city. In the third place the cry of the, Democrats against appropriations was thought enough to down a state fair proposition where the state had no revenue in sight and where no neces sity existed. It was a case of too much Carey. Th Reno county senator has been work ing up the state fair fight for months. He has playfull: and cleverly aided the Democrats on administration measures, he has distributed his votinir patronage and has kindly loaned his support on anything that would bring a state fair vote In return. Of course the fight Isn't lost. Re ports come today from the house, how ever, that "Iron Jaw" Brown, speaker of that body, has promised to step down on the floor and give over hla energies to the fair at Hutchinson. Hutchinson supporters here lobbying for the last week or so are trying to bet money with big odds that th chance of Topeka landing the fair amounts to nothing that the city of salt and sand has a comfortable ma jority sewed up In a bag or nailed In a pork barrel and no other look In for the state fair Is entertained. Truly the state fair In Kansas ! politics. No account has been taken of superior grounds, superior advan tages, and an expenditure of thousands in improvements. If the state fair question was put to a vote of the people and the persons who had at tended all the state fairs cast their ballot according to the relative valus of grounds and equipment and com fort Topeka could walk down to the big stone entrance tonight and tack the state seal on the gates. The Hutchinson arguments are these Topeka has the state house. Topeka can go to the American Royal Stock show at Kansas City. Topeka Is not centrally located. The state house ar gument is the same old threadbare story that is used by every enemy of the city. It is too bad the state has to make Its home here when U might be somewhere else. Sad, saa misfor tune! The Kansas City Stock show Is a stock show not a fair or exposi tion anyway it Is in Missouri. The population center and it Is the popu lation that Is served isn't very many miles from the Rtate house. But it isn't the argument that has counted In the current action on the fair bill. If the arguments In favor of Topeka would carry the proposi tion, this city would have little oppo sition on the final passage of the bill. There Is hope In the hearts of the supporters of the capital city that on the floor of the house and the senate, politics will have no effect that straight facts, figures and patriotla truths will tell the story. GUARD IS DOUBLED. Four Men Now Watch Over Governor Woodrow Wilson. Princeton, Feb. 14. For some reason kept a secret the guard of secret serv ice men with President-elect Wllsoi was doubled today. Two operative! have been with the governor almost constantly since election day. The guard of four now permits a watch over the president-elect through out the 24 hours. Hitherto there had been no one on duty at the Wilson home after midnight. The secret service men have a fram shack with a stove and chairs, opposiU the Wilson home and through its manj windows they can see approaches from every side. FIND RIVER MAN DEAD Pittsburg, Feb. 14. Captain Thomn' Ross, a river man, well known betweei this city and New Orleans, was found H a nhanty boat on the bank of the Alle gheny river lat night, desperately 11! from privation and exposure. Captaii Ross has been missing for several day In an old trunk, searchers found a banl book showing deposits of (15.S78.