Newspaper Page Text
THE TOPEKA DAILY STATE JOURNAL SATURDAY EVENING-MAY 31, 1913- STcpeka tate 3J normal ' By FRANK P. MAC LENNAJl. fEtered July 1. 1875. as Becand-elai natter at the postomce at iw. a::der the act of congress. VOLUME XXXV No. 119 Official State Paper. Official Paper City of Topeka. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION Dally edition, delivered by carrier, M eenta a week to any part of a ope k a or Suburbs, or at the same price in any Kan aas town where the paper has a carrier System. By mall one year , in Bv mall six month J By mall 100 days, trial order 1- TELEPHONES. Private branch exchange. Call " ana sk the State Journal operator for pe Son or department desired. Topeka State Journal building, S00. SB nd S04 Kansas avenue, corner Eighth. New York Office: 150 Fifth avenue. Baul Block manager. Chicago Office: Mailers building. Paul Biock. manager. Boston Office: Tremont Building, r-aui Biock. manfierr. FCXIi tKASED WIRE REPORT OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS. The State Journal is a member of tne Associated Press and receives the ru day telegraph report of that great news w Vanlxatlon for the exclusive afternoon publication i Topeka The news is received in The State Jour nal building -over wires for this sole pur pose. HOME XEW3 WHILE AWAY. Subscribers of the State Journal away from home during the summer may hare the paper mailed regularly each day to any address ut the rate f ten rents a week or thirty cents a month (by mail only). Address changed as often as desired. While out of town the Slate Journal, will be to you like a dally letter from home. Advance payment Is requested on these short time subscriptions, to save bookkeeping expenses. Anybody familiar with mint Juleps will be disposed to excuse the colonel on that score. The Kansas grirl who is marrying one of the wealthiest men in Europe, is re versing the usual order. The trial at Marquette affords one more evidence that anybody who want3 a fight out of the colonel can get it. Profiting by a contemplation of what has happened to the colonel, Mr. Bryan is taking no chances while the supply of grape juice holds out. The roaring of guns prevents the hatching of chickens near New Tork And the Chicago Post suggests putting ear muffs on the hens. A Brooklyn jury awards $7,500 for the loss of three fingers. Considering the number of times they have saved a man's life, says the Washington Post, it is not a cent too much. A New York millionaire while ex hibiting a huge "souse" in Jackson ville, Fla., declared that he was the only origAial Jack Johnson. He must have taken a serious dislike to him self. The expensive ditch-digging ma chinery of the Panama canal will not be of any use in digging that canal across Nicaragua. The handiest tool for tne Nicaragua enterprise would be a pair of sharp scissors, as the whole thing is on paper Saturday last was a red-letter day on the Isthmus of Panama. The steam shovels, which have been eating their i way through Culebra hill from east and west,-met at grade, and the cut is com plete. There is still a lot of dirt to be removed but the cut has been made. Nobody knew how wide spread was the habit of taking mercury tablets until that Georgia banker died as a result of his experience. Since then there has hardly been a day that the dispatches have not carried a story of the swallowing of the poison by some one. ( The Mahin law, which has been of great benefit to Topeka officers in the enforcement of burning thirst, is not doing so well in Smith Center, the home of Senator Ike. Smith Center is only 20 miles from the nearest Ne braska saloons, and the automobile roads are in excellent condition. Missouri refuses to view with alarm since some enterprising newspaper statistician has counted them and found but 112 Japanese in the whole state. The count has not been com pleted in Kansas but it is probable that the subjects of the Mikado are Btlll fewer than in Missouri. Ottawa puts on a town fair, and gets away with it without a rain, up to date, although it was cloudy and threatening every day of the show. It is such an unusual experience that Ot tawans brag about the phenomenal weather and forget to brag about the rather nifty little show in progress. Harrison Parkman is a "bear" to work. The duties of his office as state fire marshal would satisfy the cravings of an ordinary man, but he has cut out a larger slice of trouble for himself by starting a state-wide safe-and-sane" Fourth of July cru sade. The late Lew Schmucker, who was buried at ElDorado this week, held an enviable record among Kansas news paper men. Schmucker had friends galore and no enemies. And the Schmucker method should be food for thought to "cubs" who are just start ing in the game. This is the secret in a nutshell: Schmucker was a fear less writer, and he slammed where slams were required, but he never slammed a man by reason of personal enmity, and would rather abandon a punitive campaign than to resort to the bushwhacking methods of the ordinary liar. WASHBURX COLLEGE. Washburn college, like numerous other educational institutions of the United States, Is not self sustaining. To keep up an institution of the cali bre of Washburn would make It ex elusive. The country boys, who have graduated from Washburn into law, medicine or other professions or arts. would still be following a cultivator, but for outside donations to Wash burn college. To be self sustaining, Washburn would require a prohibitive tuition fee, and would be thinly pat ronized by pampered pets of the rich. The boys and girls from ordinary fam ilies would derive no benefits from Topeka's leading educational institu tion. But the fame of Washburn is such that it is constantly within the sight of the philanthropists of the world; its value as an institution is known and appreciated. Donations and endow ments from known and unknown sources have supported and improved the college until it ranks in the first division of sectarian colleges of the nation. This year ,the college has in sight about $350,000 in endowments, which puts it in excellent shape, and guaran tees several needed improvements. The endowments Include a gift of $50,- 000 from Andrew Carnegie, who does not want to die rich, and has the best idea for getting practical results from his money. He has spent years in proving his theory that money spent n the education of young people gets better results than money spent in paying the grocery and beer bills of the old down-and-outers. A young man, just out of high school, may go to an endowment col lege, pay a moderate tuition fee and acquire a science or profession that would be prohibited to him if that college was left on its own resources, and compelled to collect a tuition that would make the school self-sustaining. He does not lose his self respect, be cause it is not a "charity" Institution. He graduates into the world of busi ness, science, profession or art, and is in a position to help himself and oth ers. GREAT EXPORTS. With the first signs of a slowing down of certain phases of business ac tivity in eastern centers a check noticed in orders for the future rather than in the actual handling of mer chandise of any kind came indica tions of widening exports. The in stant American manufacturers and other producers felt less concerned than they had been for many months with the problem of supplying the de mands of their customers, they began to push their foreign trade, with im mediate results. In April the value of the exports of domestic merchandise was $20,000,000 in excess of the figures for the corre sponding month of 1912. Imports fell off more than $18,000,000 in the same time. The surplus of exports over im ports was less- than $14,000,000 in April, 1912. Last month it was more than $52,000,000. For the ten months ending with April the excess of ex ports over imports was almost $562, 000,000, a margin which has been sur passed but twice in the history of the country. Such facts tell an impressive story of immense national resources and a wide margin of safety in the foreign trade of the country. Any serious de crease in domestic trade would quick ly be followed by so great an expan sion of the exports of American prod ucts that many lines of industry would find the loss at home wholly or in large part offset. It is evident, also, that there would be a rapid accumula tion of credits in Europe which might be drawn upon for gold in case of any monetary stringency on this side of the Atlantic. This change, in turn, would tend powerfully to stimulate large use of capital in the United States in new undertakings, with a trade and indus trial revival the natural result. Na tional prosperity rests on a wider and surer base now than ever before. For eign trade goes farther than at any other time in the country's history to insure great and continuous business activity. SUBSIDIES ARE UNPOPULAR. But little has been said, recently, about that thinly veneered subsidy graft, the scheme to give the Amer ican merchant marine a free pass through the Panama canal. Last win ter a few congressmen, backed by a lobby of ship owners, were waving the flag and spreading eagle feathers in their attempt to skin the government out of millions. They were using an "American improvements for Ameri cans" talk as ammunition in the bat tle of hot air. They proposed that all American vessels pass through the Panama canal without paying tolls, and the foreign vessels be held up for an excessive fee. And they had the nerve to use the word "American" in connection with their demand. When England and other maritime nations protested against the idea, and suggested that it would be no more than fair to open the canal to the world, if the merchant marine of one nation couldn't afford to pay tolls, the , lobby came back with a regular shower of stars and stripes, pleas of patriotism and a lot of other bunk. They advised war with England and a lot of other foolishness. They call ed attention to the gee-rand old flag, but they neglected to touch on the vital points of the question; they neg lected to admit that the canal was not digged by the ship-owing gang, but by Hi Haskins, of Punkin Center, Wis consin, Jab Sisselburg of Last Chance, Arkansas, et al. The Panama canal, now, and when it is finished, belongs to the American people, and not to a few marine trusts. Years ago this country knocked out a ship subsidy scheme, and it is not probable that it will stand for a sub sidy, sugar coated, at this time. The taxes paid into the national treasury by the merchant marine holdings would not build one gate of the Gatun lock, or remove one slide from Cule- bra cut. It would be just as reason able for a shoe factory to demand that its products be shipped to consumers free of cost, because it was an Ameri can shoe factory; or for any person to demand the free delivery of an un stamped letter, because he was an American citizen. It is not a question of subservience to foreign nations. It is merely a matter of reason. JAYHAWKER JOTS The Emporia Gazette suspects that Andy Carnegie's clamor for universal peace might be traced to the fact that Andrew no longer manufactures armor plate. From the rhymeful University Kan san: "We all believe that knocks are bad. and say so with sincerity. But here's a knock which makes us glad the knock of opportunity." Mrs. Belmont declares that Mrs. Emmeline Pankhurst is "the gueatest woman of the age," but omits to state what the age of Mrs. Pankhurst is, says Frank Hartman of the Frankfort Index. Don't get peeved if a high school senior offers to show you how to make a great success of your business. Just smile and be charitable because you know this week a senior is exactly two sizes bigger than the world itself. -Atchison Champion. The Coffeyville Journal hands this bouquet to Tom Cordry: "The last is sue of the Kansas Workman was print ed in Erie by Seth Wells and was ed ited by Thomas Cordry. It is the best looking paper that has ever been is sued by the Kansas Workman lodge. There is very little heard of Vic tor Murdock since he became the floor leader of the coterie of discontents who compose the bunch of Progres sives in congress. Victor probably realizes that to make much of a stir with so little backing, would be very much like thunder without any light ning. Clay Center Dispatch. The Wilson County Citizen tells of a Swede barber down there who, be tween shaves, has been making a study of scientific botany. As a result of long and careful cross breeding and fertilization he has produced a hop vine that will produce hops of such magical power that a single fruit placed in a vessel with some cracked ice and a little filtered aqua pura will produce a schooner of most delicious and exhilarating suds. GLOBE SIGHTS BY THE ATCHISON GLOBE. Over confidence is neglecting to cut the cards. Probably the one who keeps count of tne complaints is the busiest person. A drunken man usually wastes a good deal of time telling how sober he is. You have to prove it in the Bush League before breaking into the Big Show. Considering the number of inquiries. there is a good deal that isn't found out. Farmers are progressive, and most of the country cured ham now comes from the packing houses. A boy in a beautiful home frequently wishes he were a poor orphan and could uo as he blamed pleased. Sometimes a modest individual gains a reputation for hauteur because he refrains from talking when he has nothing to say. This la a great country to prate of the nobility and importance of education and pay a teacher about half what a plumber can earn. What has become of the old-fashioned woman who used to say, "Look at the pretty," when she was holding something to attract the attention of the baby to keep it from cry'ng? Possibly, as the saw says, faint hear never won fair lady. But, on the other hand, it may have kept a man from get ting away. In the Philippines, in case you are think ing of moving, the plain people have as many holidays as if they worked in the postoffice. A suff advocates a system requiring bachelors to dress in raiment to distin guish them from married men, but the married men wouldn't stand it. Heard on the street: "So he said he knew me when I was a little girl?" "No, he didn't say any such thing. He said he knew you when he was a little boy." "Don't you ever speak to me again." QLAKKi: MEDITATIONS. From the Philadelphia Record. When a woman reigns at a tea she never reigns but she pours. Marriage is a tie, but some people re gard it merely as a slip knot. Many a fellow takes advice that he doesn't know what to do with. A man seldom feels out of sight when he is head over heels in debt. Just about the time a man has the world at his feet he wakes up. Fortunate is the man who succeeds In penetrating the disguise of hds blessings. It is quite natural for a woman to feel stuck up when she wears those big hat pins. Some people can't stand prosperity. The horn of plenty has started many a man on a toot. Wigwag "Drowning men clutch at straws?" Guzzler "Yes, especially if they are drowning their sorrows." Any poker player will tell you that It is better to be flushed with victory than to be four-flushed out of it. When a woman builds a house she wants plenty of closets. Then she spends most of her time looking in them for burglars. Harduppe "I borrowed $13 on Friday. Would you consider that unlucky?" Bug gins "I sure would if you had borrowed it from me." Blobbs "Do you believe ignorance Is ever bliss?" Slobbs "Sure, if it takes the form of having more money than you know what to do with." POINTED PARAGRAPHS. From the Chicago News. Few of life's pleasure are inexpensive. A society man's long suit is entertaining silly women. Some girls are born foolish and some use peroxide. He who laughs last may be merely Blow of comprehension. Kissing is unhcalthful. However, noth ing risked, nothing gained. There's always an ill-feeling between the doctor and tl-e patient. A Kansas physician shot one of his patients. He was un unskillful doctor. Silence is indeed golden when the heiress takes that method of saying "yes." The darkest cloud may have a silver lining, but it's a dark cloud just the same. After watching the antics of lovers for a while the moon simply has to get full. A man seldom gets a chance to propose any more. The best he can do is to file a protest. Sentiment is all right, but It is less de sirable than a steady job if a man wants to eat regualrly. When a man discovers that he has made a mistake he doesn't stop his friends on the street to tell about it. Every time we get the short end of a lawsuit we are willing to bet our laat dol lar that the scales of justice have been tampered with. RY THE WAY BT HARVEY PARSONS. This Mumm wedding looks like a good thing for the groom. Being the manufacturer of a popular brand of high-priced headache, he gets part of the newspaper space. As a rule, the groom is Ignored. And furthermore, a trained and ex perienced observer might observe that when the pair were interviewed, she gave a description of her trousseau but the foxy groom-elect took up his space in advertising his booze.- This Walt Mumm may be extra dry, but he .doesn't overlook an opportunity to advertise. The colonel candidly admits that he never drank a high-ball or cocktail in his life. . Hon. Muskogee Red also pre fers it barefooted. Go ahead and swat the fly, and swat him a plenty, but be sport enough to give him a sporting chance to move his position if he chances to be roost ing on a seven-dollar cut glass pitcher when the swat idea strikes you. The social surveyors want the city to contribute $500. Theirs Is a laud able ambition; it is to commercialize a bawl-out of the lower crust that is too poor to start a libel suit. The golf-ball is loaded with a dan gerous liquid. Some say the high ball can give the golf ball cards and spades. At the hour this paragraph was written, the big auto race was more than half finished, and the waiting undertaker was still waiting. If they can get it across without a fatality it will constitute a record, regardless of speed shown by the rival cars. The married man who has any household accomplishments is a blamed fool if he tips his hand. When House and Cain went fishing, they returned not with the moth-eaten story about the fish that got away. When asked for the score, they merely stated, in a superior sort of way, that they got some fish and a large num ber of bites. And as the chiggers were on the job, they brought back the bites as evidence to support a part of their testimony. And it is hinted in some circles that they could prove the entire statement. Rumor hath it that House purchased i 11 IV 1 1 1 1 . ' i ciqi v 1 1 ; i v. . - at. V v. v. . vr.iti, and, failing to find a can opener in the crowd, was constrained to bring "some fish" home with him. SAYS UNCLE GAV Don't be too sure that you are al together a creature of free will. As a matter of hard, brutal fact, most of us are governed in big things by fixed ideas that amount to obsessions. When the flxed idea comes in free will flies out of the window, and only a severe course of Introspection will reveal its absence. Sometimes a severe fit of re morse or a mental shock will bring it back, but usually it is gone for good. Your course in life depends upon your obsession. The commonest fixed idea is that loosely described as conceit. The boy who early in life gets the notion that he knows it all is done for if he doesn't mercifully bump into some thing that will jar him loose from the incubus that has cast a blight upon his existence. Next in frequency is the obsession of failure. Some men have it beaten into them as children, others have it scolded into them at school and still others attain it through a series of hard knocks too severe for their developing stamina. He who suffers from this fixed idea never has any real expectation of suc cess, shies at trifles, flees from diffi culties and finally dies a moral cow ard unless the saving shock comes that awakens him to desperation or inspiration. i Perhaps more men otherwise hope lessly lost have achieved success through desperation than any other emotion. The most hopeless physical coward was given to fits of mental exaltation in which he imagined him self a hero. Under the influence of one of his "spells," as we called them, he was moved to enlist in the regular army. One day he found himself face to face with six Spaniards armed with machetes and became desperately aware of the fact that there was an unclimbable network of barbed wire at his back. It was butt and bayo net in a merry tattoo upon Castilian skulls for about two minutes, after which he found himself a hero with two badly battered prisoners on his hands. I asked him about it after ward. "Up to that time I knew I couldn't fight," he said. "After I thought of that durned wire fence I knew I couldn't do anything else." . He had traded a bad obsession for a good, workable one. You'll readily admit that a man who could pile up a half million dol lars in Puckyhuddle without cheat ing his neighbors out of their eye teeth was something of an Industrial and financial genius. Deacon Bangs told me how he did Is at we walked home from church one day. "I never cheated a man knowingly in my life," he said, and that was the truth. "But along about the time I was 21 I began to get the idea that any man can get what he goes after if he works hard enough and thinks fast enough. That idea stuck in my craw. I couldn't get away from it. I thought of It the first thing in the morning and the last thing at night. I kept saying to myself, 'Work hard and think fast.' I knew I couldn't win any other way. Pretty soon that was all there was to business for me. I lost sight of the dollars in working out my scheme. I couldn't think of anything else but just how to win out. I guess I'm crazy on that sub ject." This also was the truth. It was part of the good old deacon's re ligion to deal fairly with all men. It was his obsession to work longer than others and to think faster in order that he might beat them to the op portunities that were lying unused all about us. It was the fixed idea that gained his half million. He was no longer a creature of free wilL He simply had to win. Don't flatter yourself about the freedom of your will. Look to your obsessions they make or break you. (Copyright, 1913, by the McClure Newspaper Syndicate.) j Governess "And whom did the Goddess Aurora marry?" pupil "Borealis!" Punch. An Epidemic The office boy's grandmother dies At least three times a week; The bookkeeper develops ills Of which he's apt to speak. The ribbon clerk abruptly jumps His job at 8 p. m. He says his kids have got the mumps And he must go to them. The boss does not feel well himself. And thinks he needs fresh air; He goes out to the baseball park And finds his help all there. Roy K. Moulton. THE EVENING STORY Tide-Bound. (By Cora A Dolman.) They had climbed down In the twi light from the ragged coast to the smooth broad shore beneath, which spread for a quarter of a mile toward the ocean beyond. One was a man of 30, Dick Beauchamp, and the other a boy of 12, was Roderick, Dick's nephew. "Uncle Dick," the boy called out against the sound of the wind and waves, "hadn't we better turn around? Mother said I was to be sure you came In by 8. She told me she thought as long as you are going back tomorrow morning, you would want to see Miss Reynolds to night and I wasn't to tease you to stay away. That Miss Reynolds is cross at you, she told me. "Oh, Miss Reynolds " Dick be gan in an offhand way, and then, look ing out to sea he interrupted himself. "Curious sort of tower that a light house, I suppose. Funny place to have it, though, out there on the sand." "Isn't it funny!" said the boy. "Come, let's go back to the hotel." "Forget that," replied Dick walking resolution out in the direction of the tower. There was a sudden look of annovancA in his face. "Turn around boy," he said suddenly, "not for Miss Reynolds, you know, dut. ior me hub. It is coming In fast." The two turned quickly about, while the flood of the Incoming tide swept around before them and formed an ever increasing stream between them and the rocks. "Hurry, Uncle Dick," said the boy. "My feet are soaked." "Something more than soaked feet," grunted Dick. "You'd better swim. You will lose your footing if you try to walk." By this time they had both been swept up in the incoming tide, and, with a sudden sense of fear gripping at their hearts, the two were battling against a current that rushed with ris ing force toward the coast. In a sec ond Dick had taken in the situation, and with confidence in the boy's pluck called out, "Make for the open, quick" He swam up to place a strong re assuring grasp on the boy's coat col lar. "We can swim out to the tower. Maybe that is what it is there for. We will get all tangled up in the current and rocks and things if we go toward shore." For a few minutes they swam on with steady even strokes. Then with a few words of direction from Dick, he and the boy gained a footing on the steps that came out into the water invitingly. In a minute more they stood in the shelter of the sea-worn gray stone balcony above the steps. "I knew the tide came In with a vengeance here," said Dick, "but I never knew it was like that." Richard was examining a latch on the rusty iron-bound oak door that led from the stone stairs to the inside of the tower. "Not afraid of ghosts are you, sonny?" he said laughing. "Don't let's go in anyway," said the boy. "We can dry off on the balcony here." "And we can walk back at low tide," added Richard. "Let me see; that will be some time in the middle of the night. You will have to go to sleep and forget how hungry you are." The boy accepted the suggestion, and before many minutes had passed he had thrown himself down on the stone balcony and was trying to sleep. "What is that?" asked the boy when he suddenly roused himself from half sleep. "Don't you hear something? "Fiddlesticks," said Dick with a forced laugh, unwilling to admit even to himself that there came faintly the sound of a woman's voice from some where within the tower. "I heard it again," said the boy. "Gee'.' but I wish you hadn't said what you did about the spooks and this place being haunted. I wish it wasn't getting dark. Dick stepped to the oak door that led into the body of the tower and closed it carefully, and then returned to wait patiently for a half hour till his nephew was sound asleep. Then Dick took his own coat and spread it over the sleeping boy, crept noise lessly to the oak door and passed into the room within. The small unglazed windows of the tower let In a few rays of the fast-fading light of day and Dick could sec the outlines of a huge stone fireplace that, in its simplicity, reminded Dick of the architecture of a thousand years ago. He also saw a rough oak table in the middle of the room. "Great Scott," he gasped, seizing a can of jam that had apparently just been opened, "and crackers, too," he muttered, laying hands on a paste board box. To be sure anything In the line of food looked good to him, but he hesi tated before calling his nephew to join him in the meager feast that it would afford. Who had been eating in the tower? Was it the owner of the voice which he had heard so distinctly a few moments before and, if It was, where was she? These queries were stopped short and a sickening sense of dread came over him as a heavy door on the op posite side of the wall swung open. Slowly and gracefully the figure of a woman walked toward him. A ma jestic figure dressed In white, crowned with a wind-blown aura of reddish hair that caught the last golden re flection of daylight reddish hair that could not possibly belong to any one but Miss Madeline Reynolds. Even more intense than his first fear, Dick felt embarrassment- To face the Incomparable Miss Reynolds even In this extremity, In his shirt sleeves, shoeless and collarless he had left these accessories on the bal cony to dry and still damp with sea water, was unpardonable. He felt her eyes, though he could not see them distinctly since her back was against the light. "How long have you been here?" she asked. "A few hours, I should say," 3aid Dick. "Mt watch was stopped by the sea water. We were caught in the tide, you know my nephew and my self." "Aren't you hungry?" she asked, stepping toward him and revealing a dozen different graces of girlishness and womanliness that Dick ad or jd. "I brought some Jam and crackers for myself. If I had known you were coming I would have waited for you. I will go and get your cousin. You left him on the other balcony.. I sup pose?" She walked past him, but Richard blocked her way to the door that led to the sleeping boy and with sudden resolution seized her arm. The girl laughed in the darkness beside him. For a moment they were both silent. Then she spoke: "Did you really get caught In the tide didn't you know I was here? Why did you come?" "I came," said Dick "because if I hadn't I should have been everlast ingly beaten to pieces by the tide. I was walking on the beach because because If I hadn't I should have been forced to come over to see you and I hadn't the courage," Then he put his hands on her bare wrists. "Tell me how you managed to come?" "I came," she said, "because I thought if I didn't I would have to see you, and I didn't have the cour age, either. Anyway, this place belong3 to me. I often come out here at low tide and wait till I can walk back again. Father built It as a refuge for poor people like you who might get caught on the beach when the tide came In. He had a brother who was lost that way, and he built It in mem ory of him. I think you are the only person that was ever saved by It. Most people know about the tides here. But I often come out to watch the ocean. I sometimes sing, too, because no one can hear me." She paused and neith er spoke. Then she added, "Isn't it strange that It should be you whom our tower of refuge saved?" "Stranger still that you should be here to welcome me. Madeline, you wouldn't have the heart to refuse me now that you have saved me? The tower would have been built In vain If you did." "I shouldn't have refused you any way," said Madeline, pulling her hands away as she heard the sound of Rod erick's voice calling to his "Uncle Dick." (Copyright 1913, by the Mc Clure Newspaper Syndicate.) B -r- ?; p EVENING CHAT I BT KCT&' 3AMBRO!. A- ' - tri The Old Old Question. Is the servant question quite so ter rible a problem as we have been led to think It? Some weeks ago I wrote a little article giving my opinion that it was not, and that a woman who would treat those who served her reason ably and considerately need not pay exorbitant wages or change maids ev ery few weeks. I expected nothing but criticism for this stand as the op posite has so often been claimed in women's columns and women's maga zines. Therefore I was more than happy to receive the following corro boration of my article in a letter which evidently came from a woman of education, refinement and position. "Will you allow me to thank you for your very sane paragraphs on 'the servant question, " writes this woman. "Between my own and my mother's houses, in winter and in summer life, in small and in large families, I have come closely into contact with many servants. And I have never known one whom I did not both respect and admire. They have been, in no sen timental way whatever, among my most loyal friends. In trouble they have helped me as no one else could, bv takiner all care off of me. Over and over they have shown the same self control, the same kindly wish to be of service, the same dignity that we prize so much among ourselves. I am in a constant state of gratitude to my ser vants not only for their skill but for their spirit. This spirit is not due to any magical thing I do for them, but simply to their own fine characters." Can the servant problem be so ab solutely hopeless as many mistresses would have us believe when one wo man has found it so very simple? "This spirit," she says, is not due to any magical thing I do for them." PerhaDS there are some women who would differ from her. Evidently she does not consider as magical or ex traordinary the use of courtesy and consideration toward those who serve her, and a habit of remembering that they are human beings like herself, with good qualities that deserve ap preciation. There are many women to whom such an attitude would seem most ex traordinary and magical. Such women will always have a servant problem. They will always be writing to the magazines about the rudeness, the un reliability and the Inefficiency of their servants, and will never retiect tnat it is barely possible that these ser vants are a mirror of those with whom they live. You think I am prejudiced in favor of the servant side of the question? Only as I am always prejudiced in favor of that side which has not the opportunity or the ability to speak for itself. The Dnnger of Whooping Cough. Many persons regard whooping cough as tedious and annoying, but quite without serious importance. . Unfor tunately that mistake often leads to the neglect of the disease itself and the failure to isolate the patients prop erly. Recent statistics show that of the children under 1 year of age who have whooping cough one in four dies. The mortality decreases rapidly with ad vancing age, and at 5 years of age one patient In 50 dies. Ten thousand children die of this disease every year In the United States. Even when whooping cough does not result fatally, it s still to be dreaded, for it may be followed by consumption, since the patient's powers of resistence are often greatly weakened by the vio lent and exhaustive cough. The disease is highly contagious, al though the offending germ has not yet been discovered. Consequently the mother or the nurse of a child with whooping caugh ought never to take it Into public conveyances, or to enter tainments, or send it to school or to church anywhere, in short, where It will expose other children to the infec tion. The disease begins like a simple cold In the head that rapidly goes to the chest. Youth's Companion. An Old-Time Window Smasher. In the frantic search for an effec tive means of dealing with the suf fragette raids, some one has dug up the following entry In the privy coun cil book, preserved among the historic records of England: "At St. James' the third day of April, 1643, the Earl of Surrey, being sent for to appear before the council, was charged by the said presence of a lewd and unseemly manner of walk ing in the night about the streets and breaking with stones of certain win dows. He could not deny that he had practiced these evil doings, and sub mitted himself to such punishment as should be thought good. Whereupon he was committed to the Tower." The record further states that the noble earl had to do time, being incar cerated in the Tower for one calendar month. He was ultimately liberated on his own recognizance of $1,000 to be of good behavior. A little later he was decapitated on Tower Hill at the age of 30. This positively looks like a threat. New York Tribune. ' KANSAS COMMENT HARD ON K. U. This is proving a disastrous year for Kansas University. It occurs almo-t every year that one or two of the school's professors accept calls to other schools. Probably not a year passes that a large number of them do not receive calls at better salaries than Kansas pays, but this year an unusual number of them are accepting the calls and are going. There is something wrong about this. -Many of those who leave the Institu tion to go elsewhere for better salaries go to schools in states that are no rich er than Kansas and can afford to pay no more. A part of the wrong, there fore, is not paying sufficient salaries. Kansas has not kept up with the pro cession. There should be a mainten ance tax provided for the University and it should be a liberal one. Our great school should not be dependent upon the whims of a legislature for t'a support. We suspect, however, that the lack of salary has not been the only caus that has conduced to the exodus of professors this year. We suspect tha. the meddling of the politicians has hail even more to do with it. The placing cf the state institutions under a salaried board promises ill for the future. True the board at present constituted is a good one but the temptation of a $3,500 salary la likely to be too strong and In the future the places are apt to be filled by politicians who care more for their party than for the education of the youth of the state. Unless some change is made to prevent the future is likely to see politics creeping Into the University more and more md it is quite possible that the salaries of the professors will be drawn by those who have shown activity in propagat ing the doctrines of parties rather than by those noted for scholarship and teaching ability. Such a prospect is not pleasant for the scholar to contemplate and hence those who have opportuni ties to go elsewhere are more inclined to move then they have been before. Leavenworth Times. THE MOTORCYCLE EVIL. An esteemed exchange complains of what it is pleased to term the motorcycle evil. Possibly the terminology is proper enough but it would seem more correct if the writer had been more 3pecKlo if he had called it the motorcyclist evil for like most evils, this one depends on the in dividual rather than on the machine. In central and western Kansas the motorcycle for many men solves the transportation problem and fills a place purely utilitarian. As the years go by and its practicability is proven, the ma chine Is becoming more popular and ta efforts of riders of good Judgment la doing much to eliminate the prejudice that was felt against the motorcycle in earlier years when It resembled nothing else so much as a portable Fourth of July cele bration going at the rate of 35 or 40 miles an hour. The evil of the motorcycle, as has been suggested, depends wholly on the individ ual and a few reckless and obnoxious riders can do much to prejudice com munities against the machines, which as long as they are as useful as at the pres ent time, will not become extinct. Sup pression of the irresponsible and reckless motorcyclist will do much to eliminate the evil. Salina Journal. FROM OTHER PENS A SISTER'S LOVE. The world Is filled with good emo tions and good deds and good im pulses, but seldom does an act dis play itself more luminously or more beautifully than in the exhibition of a sister's love. The other day a woman journeyed from New York to Wash ington to call on President Wilson. She was garbed in the robes of a Domini can nun, and in spite of her 62 years, she was still young and beautiful, with a face that flashed with remarkable intelligence. She had no letters or pe titions or passports, and nothing to depend upon but her own personal plea. She came to intercede for her brother, who is confined in the fed eral prison in Atlanta, having been convicted of using the United States mans for illegal purposes. And here in is a story which at least all literary people will take a profound Interest in. This woman is known today as Mother Mary Alohonsa. In secular lif she was known as Miss Rose Haw thorne. She is the second daughter of Nathaniel Hawthorne, who is con ceded to be America's greatest novel ist. She was born In the year 1851, and in 1871 she was married to George Parsons Lathrop, who, as a writer, is second only to the author of the "Scarlet Letter." She collabor ated with her husband In all of his literary efforts, and when he died in 1898 she concluded to devote her life to suffering humanity. She establish ed a home for the care of those who are suffering from cancer, one of the loathsomest of diseases. After a time she discovered that it would be better for her to cut herself entirely away from the secular world. In order to devote her entire time to the service of the unfortunate, and in the carry ing out of this purpose she joined the Dominican sisterhood. What fortune was her own and what her husband left her was given unreservedly to the work, and since then she has received assistance from other sources, and she not only has a hospital in New York, but also a country home for the care of these suffering people outside of New York. In spite of the fact that she has abandoned the world, and all its allurements, which, for her, must have been great, because Bhe had al ready achieved fame in literature, her sisterly love overflowed the banks and bounds of her environment and when her brother, Julian Hawthorne, was sentenced to a federal prison, she came forth from her retreat In an ef fort to relieve him of at least a por tion of his physical suffering. No mother ever believed that her son could be anything more than her "boy," who is incapable of wrongdo ing: but this exhibition of sisterly devotion and love Is a lesson to the world which should and no doubt will cuwi. ii was a pameiic and a very unusual spectacle to see a mod est and self-sacrificing nun in Wash ington making additional sacrifices in the interest of her erring brother. It shows that there Is more good in the world than we are accustomed to see exploited In public. Deep down in the hearts of many Inters is that name fond and noble affection which en riches the world, tecause It Is one of Its greatest assets. What President N. Wilson will do is T.ot known, but ev- eryone who knows him feels that he will do whatever he thinks Is right: and no matter what he does, he must admire and respect the fealty and de votion of this sister, who comes back into the world In order to render her brother whatever little assistance lies In . her power. Memphis News-Scimitar. Belle "What's call money?" Nell"! guess It's what the fellows spend on the violets and chocolate-candy boxes tley bring with them." Baltimbore Americas.