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The Topeka state journal. [volume] (Topeka, Kansas) 1892-1980, December 09, 1913, LAST EDITION, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82016014/1913-12-09/ed-1/seq-1/

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General Carransa Writes a Let
ter to Ooremor of Arliona
Defending the Execution of
Prisoners hy Gen. Yilla.
He Declares and Does Not Fol
low Established Boles.
Intimates He Will Continue on
the Same Lines.
Phoenix. Art.. Dec. 9. A letter from
General Venustiano Carransa. defend
ing the execution by General Francisco
Villa of federal offlcerds captured at
Juarez, and telling why bloody repris
als were being visited by the revolu
tionists upon Huertaist prisoners of war
was given out today by Governor
George W. P. Hunt of Arizona.
Carranza's letter, dated at Hermo
aillo, Sonora, Mexico, November 27, was
In reply to a communication which
Governor Hunt sent to the rebel chief
tain, suggesting that a continuation of
summary executions by insurgent com
manders would horrify the people of
the United States and alienate their
sympathy. Governor Hunt wrote as a
private citizen, not as governor of Ari
zona. He said he held the constitution
alist leader in high esteem and feared
that a repetition of the executions
which followed the fall of Juarez, would
redound to the disadvantage of the con
stitutionalist cause in Mexico so far
as it is related to the citizenship of
the United States.
Carranza's letter follows: I
Carranza's Letter. I
"I am pleased to acknowledge the re
ceipt of your interesting letter of the
17th instant, written relative to the
occupation of the city of Juarez by the
constitutionalist forces under the im
mediate command of General Villa and
to assure you of my gratitude for the
high regard for me personally which
you express therein.
"While recognizing with pleasure
the spirit of frank friendship which
actuated your letter, your personal
sympathy and that of the people of the
United States with the struggle in
furtherance of civilization and Justice
which we are carrying on I cannot the
less deplore the fact that, with an im
perfect understanding of the peculiar
character . of the . Mexican problems
than 1. likelihood in certain cases and
notwithstanding our good Intention, of
placing a wrong construction on some
of our acts. '
. Indictment of Federals.
"This is due, in all probability to the
fact that the criminal acts with which
the struggle is begun and the cruel
measures employed to maintain it are
forgotten. When Mexico had realized
the supreme democrat prerogative of
electing her own representatives and
had reasons to expect In the midst of
peace and tranquillity the periodical
change of public officials only by an
expression of popular will, a most cor
rupt minority, of the defeated factions
after attempting to overthrow for all
time our political Institutions by means
of violence alone, have destrpyed the
lives and interests of our fellow citi
zens; have carried out bloody execu
tions without regard to any law; have
murdered constitutionalists who fell
wounded while fighting for liberty of
the people; held imprisoned the de
puties and senators who have defend
ed with their power of speech our
democrat institufipns; have torn away
from their homes peaceful men, and
even boys, to compel them to take
arms against us or have filled them
with terror by devastating entire cit-
18- . '
"Destructive . acts of this character
have made it apparent that the cause
which I represent has constituted not
only a political form of revolution,
but also has the character of pro
ceeding with calm and severe Justice
which punishes the culpable and safe
guards the Mexican family.
Will Keep Right On.
"I have determined within the spirit
of our constitution and without any
feeling of pasion, but deliberately and
with circumspection, -to pursue these
ends, until gradually the exercise of
clemency and magnanimity can be at
tained In satisfaction of an imperative
demand of Justice and the urgent ne
cessity of securing peace and of assur
ing the future welfare of the nation.
I have determined to enforce vigorous
ly and in accordance with the procla
mation which was duly issued on May
14. 1913. the law of Juarez of Jan. 26,
1862, which defines and punishes de
linquencies inimical to the public
"With strict deference to the law,
the Huertaista officers were tried and
executed in the city of Juarez. Among
them were some who had been cap
tured at Torreon by this same General
Villa who after pardoning them agreed
they should be enlisted by our forces.
"""Thereafter they endeavored, but "un
successfully to create a defection of
the men whom I entrusted to their
command, finally deserting to re-engage
In crime.
Points to Precedents.
"It Is true that the established prin
ciples observed in international wars
extend to prisoners the privilege of
Sardon or immunity from bodily
arm, but in civil struggles, the most
civilized nations in all ages have em
ployed more rigorous and bloody
' means even than we have been com
pelled to adopt.
"And with reference to the execu
tions of tho officers in the city of
Juarez, there should be perceived not
any needless cruelty was visited upon
prisoners of war, but merely such
punishment ar was prescribed by the
law applicable to offenders against
the public peace and safety.
. "The Mexican people in the bes-in-
ning of this civil struggle initiated by
Hon. rTancwi-u i. juaoero exnausted
all their po-vcr of clemency and for
giveness, but experienced as the only
results of thoir magnanimity, tvrannv
' in their country's interior and the loss
of prestige outside of its borders.
"I want to insure the operation of
. the country'- institutions and re-establish
tranquillity for all time by means
of definite and effective restoration of
the national organization.
Occurences Exaggerated.
"The occurrences at the eitv nf
Juares were far from being Invested
with the importance which our ene
mies, in their intemperate frame of
mind, desired to give them. -
General Pancho Villa, Mexican Rebel
General, Says He's Not Another
Nero; Is Bat Avenging Madera's
"In conclusion ft Is my desire to as
sure you that the same humane senti
ments which you possess also animate
me and that even though I And It
necessary in deference to the existing
national feeling Justice to public confi
dence and the necessity, of. restoring
peace to my country to be somewhat
strict in the enforcement of the law
of Juarez, I have provided at -the same
time that this law should be applied
only when the limitations are fixed by
tConlUiucd on Page Two
Frisco Stockholder Asks
Permission of the Court
To Bring Action Against Offi
cials of the Road.
St. Louis, Dee. 9. William Niles of
New York, owner of 600 shares of stock
in the St. Louis A San Francisco rail
way, has asked the federal district
court for permission to bring restitu
tion suits against present and former
officials of the Frisco. . -
The petition embodying the request
charges that B. F. Toakum, former
chairman of the board of directors of
the Frisco; James Campbell, former
vice president of the road and head
of the North American company which
brought the receivership suit. Thomas
H. West, chairman of the board of di
rectors of the St. Louis Union Trust
company, whose resignation as receiver
was accepted yesterday, the late Ed
win Hawley and W. K. Blxby, now re
ceivers of the Wabash, made individual
profits aggregating $3,975,000 by selling
to the Frisco short lines they and other
syndicate subscribers promoted - and
The petition charges that the men
named, by acting both as buyer and
seller, violated their obligations to the
stockholders of the Frisco, and there
fore are personally liable to the stock
holders for the losses suffered by the
Frisco. Nlles is not privileged to file
suit against the Individuals, named
without the consent of the court as
the Frisco now Is in receivership.
Before filing the petition. Niles ob
tained a transcript of the testimony
taken here a few weeks ago before
Interstate Commerce Commissioner
Clark, who investigated the Frisco re
ceivership at the direction of congress.
Mr. Nlles in his petition gives con
siderable attention to the sale of the
St. Louis. Brownville A Mexico to
the Frisco. At the time of the sale
of the Brown&vllle to the Frisco, Niles
charges, Toakum was chairman of the
Frisco board of directors. Campbell
was vice president of the Frisco and
West, Hawley and Blxby were direc
tors. Niles charge that through their
influence over other directors and for
the purpose f furthering their private
schemes they caused the Frisco to buy
the Brownsvi'.le at a price greatly in
excess of its value.
He also cites the sale of the New
Iberia & Northern railway in Louisi
ana to the Frisco a sale which he
charges netted Blxby. West and Tk.
um a profit of $500,000. He also
charged that certain directors of the
Frisco, whom Niles does not name,
made $700,000 by promoting building
and selling to the Frisco the St. Louis,
Oklahoma & Southern.
Mr. Niles states that Frisco securi
ties were sold below par, creating an
Indebtedness for which the road is
liable.. This indebtedness with the
syndicate profits, he charges, aggre
gates $40,000,000. This indebtedness,
he claims, was incurred in a careless
manner, and therefore the directors
responsible have become personally
liable to the Frisco for all resulting
losses. Niles In his petition charges
the bill of complaint, which resulted in
the appointment of receiver was filed
collusively and without the knowledge
and consent of stockholders and bond
holders. The purpose of the collusion.
It Is charged, was to secure the ap
pointment of receivers friendly to the
interests of James Campbell. Thomas
H. West, B. F. Yoakum and W. K.
Blxby.. . :
Nothing; to Interfere with Program of
Irrigation Congress.
- Goodland. Dec. 9. Train service
has been resumed. and Goodland has
recovered from the effects of ' tlie
storms of ' last week. All arrange
ments have been completed for enter
taining the delegates to the State Irri
gation congress, which will convene
here Wednesday for a session. of two
days. The storms threatened to re
duce the attendance and to cause sev
eral features to be dropped from the
program but the skies are clear and
there is nothing to prevent the pro
gram from being carried oat as orig
inally arranged.
House Committee Which lures
, tigated Washington Lobby
Submit Its Findings Without
Recommending a Remedy.
It Declares. That Associations
of Various Kinds
Should Have Their Paid Hire
lings In National Capitol.
. Washington, Dec 9. Results of the
house lobby investigation by a com
mittee headed by Representative Gar
rett of Tennessee were made public to
day in two reports, a majority report
signed by Democrats and Republicans
alike and a supplemental report filed
by Representative McDonald of Michi
gan. The majority made no recom
mendations but declared that Repre
sentative McDermott of Illinois had
been guilty of acts of grave Improprie
ty, unbecoming the dignity of his po
sition, though "we cannot say that he
has been corrupted in his vote."
The majority report also held that
McDermott, having intimate relations
with I. II. McMichael. former chief of
the house, knew that M. M. Mulhall.
"a lobbyist for the National Association
of Manufacturers. employed Mc
Michael." The majority held that both
the National Association of Manufac
turers and the American Federation of
of Labor engaged in political activities
and expended money to effect nomina
tions and elections of the members of
the house of representatives.
Representative McDonald, who agreed
with the majority findings, .declared
that congress had fallen somewhat
from Its high estate In the estimation
of the American people, that there has
been a broadcast suspicion of condi
tions existing In congress, that a sys
tem has been built up for defeating or
preventing remedial legislation. ' He
made recommendations for legislative
The Main Conclusions.
The main conclusions of the major
ity define a lobby as "a person or body
of persons seeking to influence legisla
tion by congress in any manner what
soever." The National Association of Manufac
turers, the National Council for Indus
try! Defense, the National Tariff Com
mission association, the American Fed
eration of Labor, the Washington City
Association of Liquor Dealers and local
loan sharks are found to have main
tained a lobby. Martin Mulhall Is held
to have admitted errors in some vital
statements made in his charges, but
to have been corroborated in other mat
ters of importance by officials Of the
National Association of Manufacturers
and the National Council for Industrial
Mulhall, the report says, was extrava
gant In. many of his claims and overstated-
his potency and influence with
members of congress and public men
generally;' he entertained animus
against many of those against whom
he made allegations and used names of
public men with an unjustified freedom.
High superior officers of the manufac
turers' organization and the council for
Industrial defense used him "very
largely and primarily for personal lob
bying," says the report. The lobby of
the associations of manufacturers and
industrial defense is held guilty of Im
properly preventing and seeking to pre
vent legislation. Gravest doubt was ex
pressed as to propriety of acts of Mul
hall and Counsel James Amery for the
manufacturers. The report added:
Outrageous and Offensive.
"It is outrageous and offensive that
these associations should . have their
paid hirelings about the capitol button
holing members of congress to induce
them to remain away when a vote was
being taken. Nothing Illegitimate was
found in the activity of the American
Federation of Labor. Lobbies of liquor
dealers and money lenders in Washing
ton were found neither to have effected
nor to have prevented lgislatlon Im
properly. Methods used by the manufactur
ers' organization in sending Mulhall
through the country with funds to
organize temporary associations was
denounced as "improper, disreputable
and dishonest.
No evidence was found of employ
ment of members of the house for im
proper purposes. Tipping of house
employees was denounced as repre
hensible. Employment by the manu
facturers' association of former Chief
Page McMichael of the house was se
verely censured.- - Representatives
Bartholdt of Missouri, Burke of Penn
sylvania, Calder of New York, Sherley
of Kentucky, Webb of North Carolina
were upheld as "neither deceived nor
Influenced by the manufacturers."
The committee held that Representa
tive McDermott minimized his Inti
mate relations with Mulhall and that
he obtained email loans from Mulhall,
bnt added that "these were personal
acts of Mulhall and we do not believe
he let McDermott have the money
with a view to corrupting him, nor do
we believe McDermott received from
Mulhall in loans or otherwise' anything
near the $1,500 or $2,000, as alleged."
The committee concluded that Mc
Dermott's training and associations
have not given him the ethical percep
tions and standards relative to public
office that usually characterize pub
lic men. "We cannot say that he has
been corrupted in his votes," it added,
"but some things which a private citi
zen may do with impunity, must be
avoided by one in official station."
McDonald's Kesolutiona.
Representative McDonald intro
duced two resolutions, after a confer
ence with Representative Murdock of
Kansas, the Progressive leader. The
first provided that the house should
forthwith proceed to determine
whether the report did not show Rep
resentative McDermott to have been
guilty of disgraceful and dishonorable
conduct in his official capacity, ren
dering him unworthy of remaining as
a member of the house and liable to
, The other requested the house to
determine whether officers and agents
of the National Association of Manu
facturers, Including Messrs. Bird.
Kirby. Emery, Mulhall and others,
had not been guiltjr of continued gross
misconduct ' against .the good order
and dignity of the bouse, rendering
them liable to punishment for con
tempt. ' M - - X . :
Judge Holds His
Hon Mast Be
ental Condi-
etermlned. -
Will Send the Ckse to U. S.
Supreme Court.
. Concord, Dec t.
drich ruled that the
udge Edgar Al-
tnental condition
of Harry K, Thaw must be determined
in the federal courts." The court a an
nouncement was mad0 -t the hearing
on Thaw's petition t be admitted to
baiL . I n
"The constitutional questions In
volved In this case;" added Judge
Aldrich, "are of such importance that
I shall not pass on them myself, but
shall forward them as promptly as
possible, to the supreme court of the
United States. The - constitntiona!
questions are concerned With Thaw's
extradition, his status in New York
and his status in New Hampshire. -
The attorneys for Thaw and counsel
for the state of New York had agreed
that the charge of conspiracy to
escape from the insane asylum of Mat
teawan was a bailable offense, when
the question of whether the prisoner,
if admitted to ball, would be a menace
to the community was raised by Wil
liam T. Jerome, special deputy attor
ney general for New York. The court
stated that the point would have to be
determined before ball was permitted.
"We expect to take Thaw back to
New York," said Mr.1 Jerome, "to try
him for the crime with which we have
charged him and to punish him for it,
and then we expect to put him where
he belongs and to keep him there for
the protection of the- public
"We have had very radical objec
tions to turning Thaw on the com
munity to which he would be a periL"
Mr. Jerome said that any reason
able amount of bail would not suffice
to insure Thaw's appearance in court.
It was a matter of court record, he
said, that Thaw had given one of his
lawyers $25,000 with which an attempt
was made to bribe the bead of the in
stitution where he had been confined.
TO SAVE A 170" Wl
Petitions Pour In on Got. Bald
. win by Thousands '
Asking Clemency in Case of
Mrs. Bessie Wakefield.
'Hartford, Dec. V-Faster than' the
clerks in the executive offices at the
state c&pttol can open them, come pe
titions to Governor Simeon E. Bald
win, asking for clemency for Mrs. Bes
sie J. Wakefield, sentenced to be
hanged for the murder of her hus
band. The correspondence goes into
the waste basket as fast as opened,
but overflowing waste baskets sent to
the boiler room barely keep pace with
the incoming mail sacks. Six thou
sand petitions from . Louisville, Ky.,
came by express yesterday, while from
points widely scattered throughout the
west have come- newspaper clippings,
lists of names and letters giving per
sonal opinions- of the law or of the
sentence. .
.Here and there is a request that the
law be permitted to take Its course.
A new feature is the mailing In of
photographs of children. One photo
graph had written across It, "The
mother of these children is praying
for the life of the mother of the
Wakefield babies."
Many letters - come by - registered
mail. Everything goes Into the waste
basket. Up to date more than 25,000
letters and petitions have been re
ceived. The Wakefield case has not
come to the attention of the governor
or the board of pardons. Counsel for
the woman will first ask the supreme
court for a new trial. ' ,
Holland Bids on Franchise for
George Tebeau.
Would Transfer to Kansas City
to Fight Federal League.
St Joseph. Mo.. Dec. . An offer of
$10,000 for the Wichita franchise in the
Western League.' made- by -' President
Holland of the St. Joe club, has been
refused. The ' two franchises are to
be disposed of. Holland says he rep
resented the directors of tho lnirii In
! the offer to Wichita and that if the
: sale had been consummated half of the
, money would have been paid by George
i Tebeau and a Western League club
j would have been placed In Kansas City
to play on the American Association
i clubs grounds when the association
team was away from home. This was
Tebeau's plan of bucking the Federal
League team In Kansas City. '
A. M. Catlin. president of the Topeka
Baseball association, denies that Hol
land has any authority to attempt to
sell or transfer the Wichita franchise
or any other club on the circuit. Hol
land attempted to drop certain clubs
and make a number of changes at a
recent meeting held In Chicago but was
opposed by the representatives of five
teams. .
However, the delegates in session,
agreed to put a club in Kansas iCtv for
a year with Tebeau's consent and then
. to sell him the holdings of the club for
sio.ooo, the Western League as a whole
expecting to pay any other amount
claimed by the holders from which the
transfer was made. Tebeau did not ac
cept the offer but held -off apparently
waiting for further developments. - .
Weather Forecast for Kansas.
Fair tonight and Wednesday; not
much change In temperature. - - , ,
"My. Willy, what a state your elothca
are in! I believe you have been playing
wun tnat oaa J en Kins eoy again." "No.
ma. I ain't, either. I've bean flfhtin'
with hlm'-Jadge, .
Secretary of State Would
Change Representation Plan:
Of Delegates to Republican
National Convention.
Only Republican States to Be
Represented. v'!
Bar South Entirely No Change
for Northern States.
Secretary of State Charles Sessions
has worked out and submitted to Klihu
Root a new plan for changing the basis
of representation from southern state
in- Republican . national conventions.
Sessions' plan is based on party vote in
the several states. It would reduce
southern representation from S10 to 60
delegates and the total national conven
tion delegation from 1,004 to 774. Prac
tically no change would be made In
northern representation under the Ses
sions plan.
Many theories for changing the basis
of. representation from southern states
In Republican national conventions
have been submitted. But the Sessions
theory seems one of the most logical
that has yet been offered. Only states'
which elect a full set of Republican
electors would be accorded representa
tion on the present basis under the!
Sessions plan. Thus ' Sessions would!
provide that the rock ribbed Democ
racy of the south would secure repre
sentation on the basts of territorial rep
resentation two to four delegates from ,
each state. Sessions thinks It might be j
IWBaiuie 10 exwna uui Huueni policy
to include Oklahoma, Arizona and New .
Mexico, which have lined up in the
Democratic column since their admis
sion to the Union. Under this plan rep
resentation in the national convention
would become an Incentive for party
success. - -
The Suffrage Question. .
The Sessions plan would neatly dodge
the suffrage question in the several
state where women have been given the
ballot. Sessions' plan would allow only
the present representation from north
ern states which are in the Republican
column and smaller states would be
given no added advantage over larger
states by virtue of a suffrage amend
ment to their Btate constitution.
When the Republican committee
meets In Washington next week, the
Sessions plan will be submitted as-One
of the suggestions' for changing the"
basis of representation from soutnera
and Democratic states. Many sugges
tions for a change in representation
have been offered, but the plan of the
Kansas man is one-of the most plaus
ible and logical that has been offered
to the national committee.
The Session Plan.
In his letter to Elihu Root, Sessions
said in part:
"To base representation on voting
strength will suit Kansas all right but
this may be found to be Impossible on
account of opposition from Republi
can states which have not as yet
adopted wom&n suffrage.
"It appears to me that the proposed
new basis should be so fixed as to
meet, as nearly as possible, the ap
proval of all the Republican states.
"Why would it not be a good idea
to leave the basis, as It is at present,
on population with a proviso that
each state which has consistently and
persistently refused or failed to elect
a full set of Republican presidential
electors at least once since the presi
dential election of 1876, shall only be
entitled to the same representation as
the territories in the future national
conventions or a fixed number, say
two or four delegates, for instance.
"While giving each such state and
territory a national committeeman,
deprive him of a right to vote, the
same as a delegate in congress from
a territory Is treated.
"Then lay down the rule that when
ever a state in this limited list does
elect a full set of Republican presi
dential electors it shall be entitled to
a full set of delegates based on popu
lation at the succeeding national con
vention, and its national committee
man shall be taken into full fellow
ship with a right to vote.
"Such a plan, I believe, would not
only be fair to the Republican states,
but it might have a tendency to en-'
courage some of the benighted Demo
cratic states of the south to see the
light and go Republican once. If they
ever do it once and break the Ice they
may form th habit.
South Would Oppose a Change.
"The south may think that this or
any other plan that cuts its repre
sentation is arbitrary, but it will take
arbitrary action of some kind to cor
rect the present evil. It Is unfortu
nate for the south that action of any
kind is necessary, but the party can
not halt just because it is sorry for
some one or tome state.
"As I understand it this question
may not be settled by the national
committee at Its coming meeting, as its
law committee has ruled that the com
mittee can i.ot change the basis of
representation. ' But . in view of the
fact that a national convention may
possibly be called to iron out our Re
publican troubles and as a full and
free discussion beforehand is always
essential to the Just and proper set
tlement of any big question, I trust
vou will give this suggestion whatever
consideration you. deem it merits. Very
truly yours,
Machinery for Direct Flections Is Dis-
ln the senate.
Washington, Dec 9. Senate met at
10 a. zn discussed legislation for ma
chinery for direct election of senators
but did not vote on it.
Senator Nelson resumed his speech
of yesterday in the currency bill de
bate, u,.; ... ,
Inquiry into the renominatlon of
Henry M. Pindell for ambassador to
Russia renewed. : - '
. House met at noon. Lobby commit
tee presented its report of Investiga
tion of Mulhall charges. Representa
tive McDonald proposed resolution for
the punishment of officers of the Na
tion . of Manufacturers and . possible
That Is Weather Report for Today and
The weather is as "clear as a bell"
today." The temperature is again above
normal S degrees
rise Is expected
Wednesday. The
fair weather flag
is flying, and the
weather Wednes
day should. be in
every way Ideal. .
The minimum
temperature this
morning was 27
degrees. The
minimum Wed
nesday morning is
expected to be
about SO degrees.
The stage of the
river today was 8
feet, the same as
Monday. At S
o'clock the wind
was blowing at
the rate . of .11
an . hour
from, the southwest.
The hourly readings:
7 o'clock 87
11 o'clock..
12 o'clock..
8 o'clock........ 28
o'clock 80
10 o'clock.. ...... 82
1 o'clock..
2 o'clock..
8 o'clock..
expulsion . of Representative 'McDer
mott. -
Interstate commerce committee
unanimously recommended a year's
salary to the widow , of the late Lieu
tenant Colonel Galllard. -
House military affairs committee re
ported In favor of an aviation corps of
60 officers and 260 enlisted men. Repre
sentative Cantor of New York, in his
maiden speech, advocated elimination
of a literary test from the Immigration
bill. First of trust legislation before
Judiciary committee was devoted to
brief argument on Representative Mor
gan's bill for an Interstate corporation
commission. Naval committee reported
in favor of a four year term for the
commandant of the marine crops. Ways
and means committee chose Represen
tative Goldfogle of New Tork for the
rules committee and Representative
Gray of Indiana, navy affairs. Repre
sentative Peters of Massachusetts, in
troduced a bill for government tests
of inventions for hoisting and lower
ing lifeboats . at
Charges of Crookedness Arouses
Officials of Road.
Based on Employment tf exl
- cans on Sections.
The Santa Fe la angry over abus
ive anonymous publications.
Smarting from the sting of a wound
Inflicted by unknown citizens of the
state in which it has claimed its home.
the Santa Fe is up in arms today for
the first time in its years of sailing
through the channels of the political
public sentiment against railways and
corporations as a whole.
Some one the Santa Fe knows not
the origin; Is circulating through
Kansas papers that will print the
stuff, plate matter of two columns
width under the title, "Is the Santa Fe
Railroad Morally Crooked?" The ar
ticle is spread over a big newspaper
area and is steaming with capitalised
phrases and accusations of corrupt
ness and abuse.
The article is based on the fact that
the Santa Fe employs Mexicans in its
track labor over the state a matter
that was settled before the state util
ities commission several months ago.
Unable to find dependable American
labor the Santa Fe hires Mexicans to
do track work. The unsigned articles
charge the road with an effort to dis
criminate in favor of the foreigners. "
- The article also accuses the Santa
Fe of a one-time protection "under
the wings of dirty politicians." It
calls the employment a "pernicious
system of evasion." It hints at vio
lence committed against the railroad
to settle the trouble. It calls the ac
tion of the Santa Fe a "tax-dodging
scheme of Big Business. It believes
the Santa Fe has "slipped one over on
the trusting public" It throws the
charge of a "black crime."
The Santa Fe officials in Topeka are
wrathy over the circulation of - the
"boiler-plate" matter today. They say
that for years It has been necessary to
employ Mexicans in order to keep up
the track. "We could depend upon
Americans only a short period in the
year," said J. R. Koonts, general freight
agent today. "We must preserve our
property and keep the roadbed in safe
condition for traffic
"In the east," continued Mr. Koonts,
"Greek and Italian labor, is used. In
the central part of the country the
Greeks predominate. In the west It is
the Mexican labor that must be em
ployed by all the railroads. The Amer
ican sections hand Is a thing of the
past. We are unable to find Americans
who will stay with us any length of
H. B. Lauts, assistant to the general
manager, also stated that It is impos
sible to find dependable American la
bor. ': .
"We can't allow our tracks to go un
touched for a greater part of the year,'
he said. "It is to the interest of pub
lic safety, as well as property main
tenance that - we employ these Mexi
cans." .
The Santa Fe Is puxsled over the or
igin of the articles. The officers declare
that the language and - charges - are
malicious. The reading matter, print
ed, among other papers, in the How
ard Courant and the Colony Free Press,
will be Investigated at once.
Beans for Boycottera. '
Chicago, Dec . The lowly bean
was tn14tcul tntn f it or hMHMit i.
today when women leading the fight
were Hiiiiumi wun av cnan prepared
by the state food commission giving a
cost comparison of the nutritive value
of eggs as against other foods. For
five cents, says the chart, the house
wife can' buy 'beans containing as
much nutrition as there Is la a dozen
eggs. - Twenty-five cents Invested in
Iamb chops or beef will attain the
same object, it is said. Other Inter
esting comparisons are given, -
.11 JI.J!
Topeka Business Ken to Hake
Plans Tonight.
To Hake State Fair at Topeka
Next Tear the Best.
Business Sen Write to the Fair
Encourage Topeka to Be Game
and Hold Big Fair. .
Plans will be made at H. rvt
clal club quarters tonight looking to-
iu noiaing or the greatest fair
Kansas has ever known in Topeka
next September 14-18. The stock-
vomers ox tno Kansas State Fair as
sociation Will SIMt mt m
nual session. To Judge from state-
, in a casual manner by
; no energy to
tTfcb.tt"1.lB y ..rtterfalr
. " 7'- "wn pieasea tne fair goers
tT.p September.' V"
verse weatner con
..lenced in -Septem-
""" ot deter even greater
ooTn.eXt."eson- otters havebeen
coming In to T. A. Borman. president
ot the association, and to Roia
SSSnce -WrV. "offering
wrkpro,PU'mta "
D; Graham, assistant chief of the
",v.eT department of the Panama-Pacific
exposition, and one of the
wpi pian tne
m! JLii Tope ld today: "A
- .- wcsiner snouia not he
allowed to stand in the way of the
fair at Topeka. The peopl"? .altera
Kansas look upon this fair uimn
Xek'of ,ft.".t.ltutUm " will stand
H. I Cook, former secretary of the
Ur ald: "The circuit toI Sonld
?X hlP circuit.' It is Dm
i.Li,ln' Topeka, St Joseph.
Sedalla and Kansas City. I have evenr
reaaonto believe that we have the bK
nef ,? fair at To-
the .V9U tnBw h for
?v . n anT previous year."
nft.340' Pre8,dmt and treas
urer of the Benton oc Hopkins Invest
ment company of Oberlln, Kan., has
W,1"en." ,0'low to President Bo"
" . ?inrre.1y trust that the good
people of Topeka will stand behind
"f lrraBd con'" to give thVpeo
ple of Kansas a live stock and mrrl'
cultural she worthy o the name
To,iekaJ" tho tural place Tfor wic
us In this part of the state to go "
Support From Valley Falls.
P..hjh&. Hapmon o' the Harmon
Publishing company of Valley Falls
2.ABta 1Ve my he-rtteit
support, and the support of all the
iSE6. contro1 towards this enter
Prise If necessary we could take a
S?0" "hares. In the Institution.
We want to see this succeed, not only
the good that it will do the entire
state, but especially this part and to
show the Hutchinson bunch we can
have a fair without state aid. Nowlf
we can prevail on Cook to remain as
and make It a real money making af
'alr In Topeka each year." .
President Borman said today: 'The
reports given by the members of the
committee who went to Chicago recent'
ly in the interests of ther at To
peka indicate that the stock men at
the international Uve stock show com
ment favorably upon the fair at To
peka andthe live stock department.
mor additional prise money from the
various live stock organizations of the
county for the show next September
years"' Ve recelved on previous
" Dr. Wolf of Ottawa for the Fair.
- Dr-i-.CW2lf of Ottawa, who served
as superintendent of the cattle depart
ment ar ihn f.f- a . " . v .
written to President Borman as follows:
""i wm pairaon me for ad
dressing you on this occasion. I have
been much interested in the Topeka
fair. You have made a good showing
of the discouraging things you
?a5haa to deal wlth- May of the
buildings would do credit to any state
fair grounds. The exhibits have been
a credit to Topeka and the state. Much
time and money have been spent In
building the fair up to its present pro
portions and It would seem unfortunate
to let It go back. I trust there may
be some way provided whereby it may
Thepeople of eastern Kansas have
a live stock exhibition in the American
Royal that is accessible and that has
drawn largely from . the Topeka fair.
but eastern Vanu. 1Z u.
, , - gvvt mnvw IS not
pre-eminently a gracing . district, j To
1i,vaaA In h ..( .1 .
: me arrowing or.
grain and live stock must be combined.
So far Tonolm 1. th. i-
section, of the state where an exhibi-
wwh uu ueen neia tnat was of any
great educational advantage where
both the agricultural and live stock In
terests receive attention.
"At present many of our people go to
--j uu .uv nuyai ue
cause of its educational advantages.
uui gu simply to do entertainea.'
added advantages to be secured at To-
hmhj ui uw cumoineaexaiDi
tion. Personally I believe that many
that now go to Kansas would eventu
ally go to Topeka .when they learn
that there is more to be bad there t1"
at . Kansas City. ' , ..
"I wish to congratulate the manage
ment on the good work they have done
and If possible offer some encourage
ment. I have faith In the future out
come of the fair if It can be continued.
Any fair association i apt to run up
against a week of bad weather..
,- Tree Growers Meet,.; ..
; Kansas City, Dec S. To discuss sub
jects of Interest fruit growers and tree
raisers delegates from nearly every
state west of; the Mississippi river and
from (Several 'eastern.; and "southern
states assembled here today --for' fist
meeting' of ths wnsrsrn sssnrlalluii at
nurseryman." -The -aesston vU sever
two daya ' Etcouragement ;for ne
extensive growing of applri1 n f
proving ' of' orchards In the aiissourt
valley was one of the principal tatB

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