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14 PAGED - NEEDS IT LAST EDITION. FRIDAY EVENING- TOPEKA, KANSAS- FEBRUARY 6, 1914. FRIDAY EVENING. Oa ml by newsboys a TWO CRim Ob trains and newasta.- OsFIVE CaJTO EVERYBODY 14 PAGES READ IT HELLO, MR. ZERO! Beat Winter An-ires Two Months Late. Day Ushered In bj Snow and a Blizzard. I NEEDLE D0WMT0 ZERO Prediction for Ten Below by Horning. Cold Is General Throughout the West. The Hourly Readings. T o'clock. I o'clock. 11 o'clock. 12 o'clock.. 1 o'clock.. 2 o'clock.. 3 o'clock.. ... 1 ... 3 ... 3 ... 8 9 o'clock 10 o'clock..... Th. flmt real blizzard of the season Is sweeping over Kansas today. The lowest temierature of the season Is the order o I things. Since Z o ' c 1 o o k this morning at To peka the wind has been hitting a pace ' varying between 25 and 80 miles an hour and carrying with It light snow. Sleet began to fall at 6 o'clock Thursday evening but soon turned to snow. The snow was still falling today but was not at all heavy. The depth of the snow up to 9 o'clock to day was but one and one-fift h inches. The ther mometer at that time registered one degree above zero. Below zero weather is reported from several Kansas points. The temperature may be ten degrees below zero by Saturday morning. While a fall in temperature at To peka was scheduled by the weather man, the cold wave that was slated to sweep over the northern part of the state was not expected to be felt to any great extent at the capital city. However, the storm was sidetracked in its course and came this way, working up no small degree of energy. The previous low temperature mark at Topeka for this season was 9.4 degrees on Dec. 29. Never in the history of the local weather bureau had there been so high a minimum temperature up to this date. The .coldest weather of the season is just as likely to Lome in February as in January, according to "Sunny" Flora, the local observer. A Glimpse of Sunshine. By 2 o'clock this afternoon the sun was making a desperate effort to shine and the snowflakes in the air were few and far between. The total depth of enow 6n the ground was one and one half inches, which when melted meas ured .12 of an inch of water. The wind was hitting a 24 mile pace from the northwest. Reports from over town are that the gas pressure is low. It was all right up to 6 o'clock this morning, but by break fast time there wasn't enough to give much heat. Worst to Come. The forecast indicates that the worst ia yet to come. It reads: "Unsettled weather tonight and Saturday with probable snow flurries; colder In east portion and much colder in extreme east portion of the state; moderate to brisk northerly winds." Shippes' forecast: , "Protect 36 hour shipments north and west against tem perature of 15 degrees below zero; east and south zero to ten degrees below zero." According to the local weather (Continued on Page Two.) WORST OF YEAR. Is Washington Report on Missouri Valley Weather. Washington, Feb. 6. "The severest weather of the year is now prevailing in the upper Missouri valley and the plains states, as far south as Okla homa and the Panhandle of Texas," the weather bureau in a special bulle tin announced today. "Temperature at Havre, Mont., this morning was i degrees below zero. The unusually low readings have been attended by snow, high winds and gales. "East of the Mississippi there have been numerous thunder showers in the southern states, and snow in the northern regions. Thus far the snow has been comparatively light, but in dications point to heavy snow in the lake regions and northern New Eng land. "The cold wave will overspread the east gulf states, the middle Mississippi valley and the lower Ohio valley in the next twenty-four hours, and will reach the Atlantic coast states from Florida to Maine by Sunday morning." Kansas City, Feb. 6. The coldest weather of the winter struck Missouri, Kansas. Oklahoma and northern Texas today. A biting north wind with steely sleet came with the cold over most of the region. Early in the day the tem perature reached zero over most of Kan sas and western Missouri and still was falling. Ten degrees below zero was registered in northwest Kansas. Wind cold and sleet caused great suffering to uve stocK wnicn in most localities had not been fortified against a tem perature from 25 to 35 degrees below that of yesterday. The hiirh Pfit wind velocity registered in reports to the local office of the United States weath er bureau was 48 miles at Oklahoma City. The temperature at Oklahoma uixy was o a Dove and falling ranirtlv The temperature here reached 7 aoove. At i. joe, Mo., it touched zero. According to the local observer tha nM wave is central today in Missouri and sweeping toward the east and south east. Still lower . temperatures tonight with continued cold tomorrow was the prediction for Missouri, Kansas and UKianuna. In Wichita, Kansas, the cold dron ped so suddenly householders were caught quit unprepared. Water ' pipes, in hundreds of houses froze and 1 burst. Many persons nursed frozen ' fingers, toes and ears. At Hutchinson mail carriers collect ing mail from boxes carried torches to thaw out the frozen locks. Lincoln, Neb., Feb. 6. The storm which started early yesterday in west ern Nebraska and swept over the en tire state during the night became a blizzard here today with the tempera ture at six below zero. Heavy snow accompanied by a high wind fell over the entire state and western Nebraska points, report temperatures from 12 to 16 degrees below. TUNNELWRECKED Seren Americans Are Bettered to Be Held Prisoners. Burning Passenger Train Sent Into It by Bandits. Juarez, Feb. 6. Seven American rail road men are believed to be prisoners In the Great Cumbre railroad tunnel through the Continental Divide. The tunnel is in ruins, and the Mexican I Northwestern passenger train which I left here Wednesday morning is a charred wreck at the mouth of the ' tunnel as the result of the depredations of members of the -Castillo gang of I bandits. This information amplifying reports last night from Chihuahua was recelv i ed here today at the headquarters of the railroad. It corrects last night's statements that it was the Drake tun nel, a smaller bore south of Cumbre, that was destroyed. The Cumbre tun nel is the largest on the road, 3,700 feet long and required 18 months to con struct. The names of the prisoners re ported here are: M. J. Gilmartin. su perintendent of the road; H. Schoefleld, superintendent of terminals at Juarez; Lee Williams, assistant manager of the railroad commissary: E. J. McCutch eon, engineer of the passenger train; J. B. Webster, conductor; H. F. Mar dees, express agent. A seventh American Is believed to have been on the train, and Ameri cans also were employed on the freight train which was used to fire the tunnel. Vffla Is Mad. General Francisco Villa, command er of the rebel forces, and now at Chihuahua, was enraged at the news, and in a telegram which passed through here today instructed Gen eral Felipe Macias, operating In the Casas Grandes district, to shoot ev ery man who could not satisfactorily account for his presence there. The bandits are believed to be op erating in two forces of about 30 men each, as Cumbre is a hard day's ride from El Valle, near Casas Grandes, where 22 of the robbers were cap tured and shot last Tuesday. The other detachment, believed to be under Castillo himself, did the wrecking probably in revenge for the fate of his men at KlValle. He captured a train of stock cars Wednesday and ran It into the tunnel where it was set on fire. The tunnel was a blazing mass that evening when the passenger train from Juarez was captured and sent headlong Into the roaring furnace which was belching flames and smoke from its mouth. Castillo then burned the two neigh boring bridges, one of them construct ed of steel, and ran two locomotives over the embankment into the deep canyon below. KANSAS POSTMASTERS Another Lot Confirmed Today by the Senate. Washington, Feb. 6. The follow ing presidential postmaster appoint ments in Kansas have been confirmed by the senate: William T. Hayes, Al mena; John L. Koebele, Burns; Geo. W. Lank, Solomon; Walter R. Long, Kingman; 8. P. Reser, Hartford; Col umbus E. Roughton, Jetmore; D. O. States, Buffalo. Minnie J. Weyer, Cen tralis ' Hattle E. vanhorn has been an- pointed postmaster at Shaffer, Kan., a fourth class office. Senator Bristow Introduced a bill authorizing the secretary of war to donate to the hall of Topeka Post, No. 71, G. A. R., for use in its plat in the Mount Auburn cemetery four cannon or field pieces. Similar bills were presented by Mr. Bristow to donate two cannon to the O. M. Mitchell Post, No. 69. G. A. R-, Osborne; and two cannon to be do nated to the city of Concordia: OLD PEOPLE ELOPE. Bride of 68 and Bridegroom 88 Com pelled to Run Away. ik. ir.-i, ft Winfred TrT. A,C AV, A, a-m. w. ' " Nettleton of Bristol. Conn.. the 88 year old bridegroom, married yester- old secretary, Mary Kelsey Baldwin, laughingly coniessea on n aruvoi " New York today, that he and his bride had eloped. Yes," he said, "we eloped from Mrs. Baldwin's niece. That girl treated us like a couple of young lov ers who did not know their own minds. She did not want us to marry, but we fooled her." Nettleton addea tnai ne nau unowu the bride all her life but had not been able to persuade her to marry him till yesterday. The aged couple will com plete their honeymoon in Florida. AT DENVER, 15 BELOW nrst Severe Cold of the Season In Colorado. Denver. Feb. 6. With a minimum temperature of 15 degrees -below zero O. L UVC V V...- .vuu.j of zero or below forcasted for next 24 hours. Denver and adjacent terri tory suffered under the first severe cold wave of the season. The lowest temperature in Colorado was reported from Denver, with Lead- ..II l 1 9 itatrrnoa hAlnv v&Tn. VIUC . " - -" At Cheyenner Wyo., the thermometer ..alut.Mj 9 9 halnw fkflrlv f wl i) V with slowly rising temperatures forecasted. POLITICALGOSSIP Capper Is Still Doing the Hesi tation Waltz While Scott Goes Straight Ahead for a Platform. DAVIES ADJURES I0LA VM Veteran Progressive Editor Knows Where to Find Scott. Mnrdock Cleans Up This Week in the Fifth. In the prolonged delay of the Arthur Capper announcement for governor many Republicans have mentioned the possible candidacy of Charles Pi Scott of Iola as a probable nominee of the Republicans. Scott is classified as a regular Republican, believes in the sound, fundamental and traditional principles of his party and Is ever ready and willing to fight for the things la which he believes. It is that stand that has made Scott strong In Kansas and brought to him the respect of the men who differ with htm In views on public issues. Now Gomer Davies, veteran editor of the Concordia Kansan and a Progres sive of the most pronounced type, pays tribute to -Scott and pushes along the Iola editor's boom for governor. Davies has an ingrowing hatred for trimmers and straddlers and has used the edi torial columns of his paper to point with derision to the desertion of the Progressive cause by Senator Bristow. So, while he differs with Scott regard ing many things, he admires the Scott stand and declares it would be a real temptation to support him for gover nor. "If Charles F. Scott of Iola should be nominated for governor of Kansas (Continued on Page Two.) SUN ATTACKS THE A, P. Tries to Use the Federal Government as a Oat's Paw. Washington, Feb. 6. The Sun Printing & Publishing association of New Tork has presented a statement to Attorney General Mc Reynolds ask ing that he institute, in behalf of the government, proceedings against the Associated Press, for violation of the Sherman act, alleging refusal to sell news to the New York Sun. The newspaper declined to apply for membership in the Associated Press and claimed the right to buy the news of the .organization. The officers of the Associated Press have notified the attorney general that any information In their possession will be cheerfully placed at his disposal. TOWN WITHOUT IttWSHSSrKSSSS Mineral Officer Moves Away But Tries to Hold Job. Mineral, Kan., Feb. 6. Mineral doesn't know whether or not it has a mayor. The members of the city council declare the office is vacant, but despite the fact that the legal ad vice has been sought, they don't feel legally equal to the occasion of for mally declaring the vacancy and call ing a special election to choose a sue- Several weeks ago C. B. Coss re stgned the mayoralty. Frank Lan ning, president of the council, had moved to Scammon several months previously, but he claimed that his re moval from Mineral had not altered his status as an official of the city. Two weeks ago the council, in a reso lution, informed Loaning that if he did not take up his residence in Min eral again by the following Saturday night ouster proceedings would be brought against htm. He did not move back. Petitions charging dereliction now are being circulated asking the coun cil to oust Lanning. Meantime the council has met several times and transacted business without his pres ence. Sentiment is almost unanimous ly in favor of declaring the office va cant. ' ' i MARINESpNDED Biotlng and Pillaging Is Start ed at Cape Haltlen. Commander of the Nashville Sends 80 Men Ashore. I wusuuiion, r eD. . taoun ana pil laging broke out In Cape Haitien to such an extent that Commander Bost wtrk of the gunboat Nashville landed 80 men to protect Uvea and property of foreign residents. Commander Bostwiflk took action at the request of foreign consuls. In structions to his landing for e were to protect Americans and all foreigners and their property. Davilmar Theo dore, who proclaimed himself pro visional president before his defeat at Gonaives at the hands of the Zamor brothers, is trying to set up a govern ment at Cape Haitien, where he re treated after the fight. He has ap pointed a cabinet, but, according to Commander Bost wick's report, appears to be losing control of his forces. Latest reports from Captain Russell of the battleship South Carolina, at Port Au Prince, expressed apprehen sion for the safety of the city. How ever, he reports no organized efforts to expel the foreign naval forces po licing the city, though earlier reports indicated dissatisfaction by natives generally at the presence of the sailors and marines ashore. A committee on safety headed by an American resident, at Port Au Prince, representing foreign residents and prin cipal business elements of the com munity, also requested the landing of naval forces and asked to have the rebel army now advancing on Port Au Prince excluded until some form of government can be organized. Captain Russell is expected to carry out the re quest. If it becomes necessary, in his Judgment, to protect life and property, in view of threats of rebel leaders. COLONIST RATES. They WO! Be Pat In, Effect as Usual Omaha, Neb., Feb. 6 Reports of large numbers of unemployed on the Pacific coast will not deter transconti nental railroads putting- into ' ettvrt traffic manager of the Union Pacifl-; railroad. These rates are made oa sec ond class tickets only and usually re sult In extensive emigration to the Pa cific coast. There was some doubt whethor the railroads would make this annual con cession." said Mr. Fort, "in iew of reports from Pacific coast states that all the iarge cities were overrun with UDemplryed men but commerce il or ganizations and others Interested in in dustrial conditions in the coast states insisted that the usual spring ra be made." Weather Forecast for Kansas. Unsettled with snow flurries tonight and Saturday; much colder tonight. IN HIS STEPS -J '". uw .: i IT IS REPUDIATION Administration's Position on the Free Tolls Question Is In Violation of the Balti more Platform. CICTESS TAXESU? SC3JECT Wilson Is Expected to Deliver a Special Message. Bepeal of Free Passage Section to Satisfy England. Washington, Feb. 6. Repeal of the toll exemptions provision of the Pan ama canal law was before congress to day as an administration measure, backed by President Wilson. Although repeal of the section which would give free passage to American coastwise ships, through the great waterway, in volves a practical repudiation of one of the pianks of the Democratic, plat form, adopted by the Baltimore con vention, which nominated President Wilson, administration leaders were sure of prompt action in the house and began lining up their forces in the senate where the hardest fight will come. Some Democrats there are, avowedly in opposition to the presi dent's wish and they have announced their intention of fighting his pro posal. A message to congress, probably de livered in person by the president. Is expected as soon as conferences de velop the administration course of ac tion. Repeal of the free passage sec tion will dispose of Great Britain's protest that it is in violation of the Hay-Pauncefote treaty. VERDICT IS REVERSED. Appellate Court Rules Against Teach er Who Was Dismissed. ' New York, - Feb. 6. Mrs. Bridget Pelxotto, a school teacher, who won a preliminary contest in the state su preme court, after having been dis mifuuiri bv the school board because she absented herself to become a mother, met with reversal by the ap pellate court today. . - This court unanimously upset Just ice Seabury's decision, which had or dered the board to reinstate the teacher. The higher court held that Mrs. Peixotto should have applied to the state commissioner of education for relief rather than to the courts. THE DAY IN CONGRESS House Passes Bill to Mark Graves of Confederate Soldiers. . Washington, Feb. 6. Senate met at noon. Hearings on trust bills be fore interstate commerce committee. Representatives of the New York stock exchange were heard before banking committee on the Owen bill. Passed a bill to extend the law mark ing graves of Confederate soldiers in northern states. House . met at noon. Discussed private bills. Commerce committee heard merchants on the administra tion trust bills. Without objection, the house seated Representative J. M. C. Smith, Re publican, of the Third district of Michigan over the contest of Claude Carney, who charged that fraudulent ballots had been counted. Senator Nelson's bill for federal in- corporation of all concerns in Inter state commerce was reintroduced. It was unacted upon In the Sixty-first congress. The house appropriation of 8900, 000 for artillery ammunition was in creased to 12,000.000 by the senate appropriation committee. Increases in the bill by the senate committee totaled 81.700.000. The new Immigration hill, with its literacy test, as passed by the house, was before the senate committee, Senator Smith of South Carolina, chairman, of the committee, expects to talk with the president tomorrow to get his view on the test for aliens. An amendment by Senator Dillingham would strike out the literacy test and admit aliens each year on a percent age basis of - those already - in the country from each country. DROP jyiVIDEND New Plan to Sid Bock Island of Holding Company Control, j Topeka Railway Men Hear New Rumors of Reorganization. It is heard in railway circles in To peka today that the first step to be taken by the Rock Island in its pro posed reorganisation will be the road's failure to declare a regular dividend next month, leaving; the "railroad" holding concern without funds to meet the 81.500,000 four per eent collateral bonds May 1. The compulsory nonpayment of bond interest would naturally be con sidered as -a default, although under the terms of the mortgage, ninety days may elapBe before there is an actual default. .Under these circum stances bondholders could take back the stock of the railway on equal par ity basis. It is known also In Topeka today that the committee that mysterious body mentioned in the dispatches in charge of the reorganization plans is composed of Arthur Curtis James, Francis L. Hine. T. M. Schumacher and Daniel G. Reid. This is significant of the cause of the Rock Island reorganization plan, Topeka railway men believe. The fact that the Relds and Moores turned over their offices to the Phelps-Dodge Interests for the purpose of finding new capital for the rehabilitation of the road and that the El Paso & Southwestern coin has been withheld for improvement purposes, indicates, it is thought, that it was Chairman Schumacher who demanded that the Rock Island straighten out its finan cial tangle before he allowed Phelps- Dodge funds to be sunken in the property. Now it Is seen that Schu macher and James, both E. P. & 8. W. men. are members of this reor ganization committee. Nothing new in the outline of the Rock Island plan has been made pub lic, according to. Topekans who are here today directly from the scene of the plot. ONLY THING TO DO. Congressman Mann Favors Govern ment Railroad in Alaska. Washington, Feb. 6. Representa tive Mann, the Republican house lead er, made a speech in favor of a gov ernment owned railroad in Alaska. Mr. Mann said he considered it the only logical way to insure the development "The same dire predictions of So cialistic tendencies have been made in connection with every progressive measure that has come of recent years," he said. Nearly every .crime was laid at the door of the Morgan-Guggenheim in terests by Borland of Missouri in the house debate on the Alaska railroad bill. "The story, running In the sober records of the court, included every thing, from the corruption and bribery of Judges to the wanton attack by armed bands of assassins upon the workmen engaged In rival enter prises," Borland said. "It is a system of greed unparalleled since the days of Warren Hastings. Its scenes were enacted, not only upon the snowclad plains of the Arctic circlet but in the banks of Wall street and the counting rooits of London. This high-handed and lawless attempt to grab the tre mendous resources of Alaska caused the locking up of that great territory by legislative enactment." He said the situation today offers only the alternative of turning the country back to the Alaska syndicate or to give the United States the bene fit of the great natural resources by means of the proposed government owned railway. SORRY FOR WILSON. London Globe Thinks He Has Made a ' Mess of Things. London, Feb. 6. While respect for his high character and fine ideals f moves the Globe to .wish - President Wilson well out of his troubles in con nection with Mexico. Peru and Haiti, whose "blood stained administrations" challenge the . president's policy of nonrecognltion. it considers his posi tion impracticable. The newspaper continues: "The expedient of sanctioning and supporting civil war. in a neighboring state, is a declaration of war in a form which can hardly be reconciled with the comity of nations. The danger of the situation from the point of view of the United States is that there is no retreat, with honor, from the un compromising if impracticable posi tion President Wilson has taken up." CYRUS LELAND SICK. Former Political Leader in Dangerous Condition -Physicians Optimistic ' Troy. Kan.. Feb." 6. Cyrus Leland, a conspicuous figure in Kansas poli tics for many years, is critically ill at his home here. He has been ill for about a week. He.ia suffering from a complication of diseases and -his age. 74 vears. adds to the srravitv of his ill ness. He is reDorteri to be alizhtlv im- p.oving end the attending physicians believe no wxu recover. . STUDDSAGAIU He Is Likely to Be Candidate ' for GoTemor. That Is Plan of ProgresslTes at ; This Time. ho am KCLDS. L'ZL Bnt Wichita. Editor Will Work for the Ticket. Dare Hinshaw Here Today In 'Faith and Hope. Walter Roscoe Stubb's of Lawrence or Sheffield Ingalls of Atchison will be the Progressive nominee for governor, ac-. cording to National Committeeman w imam - Allen White of Bm- poria, who today abandoned hopes of . Inducing Henry J. Allen of Wichita to enter the - guberna torial contest. White admits there ia yet a . possibility that Allen may . run. but he now looks to Stubba or Ingaila as the probable candidate. U. 8. Sar- not be a gubernatorial candidate, Whit declares. For weeks the Progressive leader have tried to bring about a Murdock Allen combination for senator and gov ernor. Murdock Is now campaigninc in the state and is the avowed candi date of the Progressives in the coming senatorial fight. Allen, however, baa wavered. Now White admits that the. Wichita man will in all probability not be a candidate. .- "While I am not sure, I am satisfied in my own mind that Allen will not be a candidate for governor," said White. "Of course he may yet be Induced to become a candidate the action of the Progressives at their banquet next week may have some effect, but in my Judgment Allen is out of it." "Does that mean that Ingaila or Bar tin will be the nominee?" White was asked over the long distance telephone. In galls or Stabbs. "No. Ingalls or Stubbs." declared White. "Don't make any mistake about (Continued on Page Six.) SITTING UP DEAD. Bodies of Two 'Young People Foand Jat an Automobile. Greensburg, Pa., Feb.' 0. Love for two sixteen-year-old girls, neither of whom knew of the other's existence, prompted John McFadden to kill -Anna Lutx and himself as they sat in an automobile' near Ligonier. Pa., early today.' McFadden.- - who . had taken Miss Lutt ridina late last niaht. telephoned his employer here that he would never see him again, and men in high power machines were sent hurrying over the mountains to find him. They came upon the automobile by the roadside, its engine still run ning and McFadden and the girl sit ting up dead. In McFadden's pocket was a note saying that Bertha Mil ligan, at Lambert, Pa., could tell the cause of the tragedy. Coroner McMurry said McFadden had written Miss Milligan he was go ing to kill "the other girl" and him self. 9 110 SMALLPOX AT K.U. AU Danger Disease Spreading at am End, Says University Physician. Lawrence. Kan., Feb. 6'. One nerv ous Kansas boy wrote to Chancellor Frank Strong this morning anxiously inquiring whether the University of Kansas was quarantined. He wanted to enter the institution next week, when enrollment for the second semester wyi begin, and imagined that the university plant was closed. "Any danger of a smallpox epidemio Is now at an end," explaned Chancel lor Strong. "Not a single case has been reported for two weeks. Proper precautions were taken at the start, and the disease did not spread beyond the two original mild cases. A Iarge number of students and faculty were vaccinated free by the state. - "You may feel sure that it will be absolutely safe for you to come to the university," added the chancellor. GILES IS RECEIVER. Kansas City Man Will Take Charge of Yates Center Bank Affairs. Kansas City, Feb. (.A. H. QillU of Kansas City, Kan., has received an ap pointment as receiver of the Tates Center National bank of Tates Center. Kan. The bank closed in December when Its presi dent, C. Q. Ricker, disappeared. Rlcker Is now being sought by government au thorities. It is charged that Ricker owed the bank $35,000 and it 1s said he owes $19,000 on notes to a St. Louts bank. The liabilities of the Tates Center bank are estimated at $173,000 and tne assets $400.K. CHURCHES SHOW GAK1 The Total Membership Increased 18,000 Last Tear. Washington. Feb. . The actual enrolled membership of Christian churches within continental United States showed a net increase of 61, 000 or 1.8 per cent during lsl, ac cording to statistics Just made public by the Washington office of the fed eral council of churches of Christ In America. The Methodist church led in the Increased membership with 220 000. " The other churches in their order follow: Baptist. 4,60j Presby terian, 45.600: Lutheran, 36,100; Dis ciples. 21.800 and Episcopal. 16,500. The actual membership of the i.mrf rknrr'hft in th United StatAS IS given u luiiuwB. nuiiuw iu olic. 18,000,634; Methodist. 1,1M,09-r Baptist. 6,924,622; Lutheran, J,33. 772; Presbyterian, 2.027,683; Disciples of Christ, 1,518, 369; Protestant L pis copal. 87,407 and Congregational. 748.240. These eight churches con- i tain 34,ooo, uoo or tne S7,ze,oeo or actual church membership withia the 1 vmiea owes.