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1 2 PAGES 1 NEEDS IT EVERYBODY 12 PAGES READ IT HOME EDITION ivEDNESDAY EVENING- TOPKKA. KANSAS. MARCH. 17, 1915. WEDNESDAY EVENING. THIS EDITION 2 CENTS 1 J ATTEMPT TO LOOT THE STATE TREASURY IS CHARGED TODAY BY SPEAKER STONE DURING MOST BITTER HOUSE FIGHT Appropriation Measure Brought Forth Yicious Battle Today. All 111 Will of 1915 Session Turned Loose This Morning. ENDUES TOLD TO GO TO HADES - " " -Hendricks of Rawlins Took ExplosiTe Slap at Him. Refusal of Recognition From Chair Started a Row. SLIMY TRAIL jBFTHADE STOME Speaker Stone Thus Designates the Appropriation Budgets. He Branded Action as Policy Worse Than Bribery. In the most bitter fight of the legis lative session, the house today over rode Speaker Stone and adopted the conference report on appropriation bills. f-'tone served notice that he would appeal to the governor to veto measures down to the original house bills. He charged that "a slimy trail of trade was traceable through the legislature." Piouse members went into today's session with bitter feeling. Their grouch was as thick as a vein of Pennsylvania coal and ,trouble start ed as soon as the chaplain had fin ished his prayer. In the course of the debate many personalities were dealt in and Hendricks of Rawlins. Democrat, at one point in the pro ceedings told Endres of Leavenworth, Republican, and other house members to go to the bad place. All of the ill will that has accumu lated during the legislative deadlock seemed to ' e turned loose this morn iijg. The attitude of the speaker did not please the house members at all and some of then-- did. not hesitate to -W the';- fl-'v'r- f. ; For -O Minutes In an I'proar. For twenty minutes the house was in an uproar. Speaker Stone pounded his gavel and shouted for order. But the members refused to subside. The fight started on the Jocelyn resolution to receive and file the con ference report. It Was- offered as a substitute to a pending motion to adopt the report. Debate ran like water and for a time the dignity of a legislative body was forgotten in the exchange of personalities most of which were not at all complimentary. Early in the fight Clarke of Sheri dan arose to state a point of order. Stone refused to recognize him. Then flark lost his temper. All of his fighting Kentucky blood came to the surface with a rush. 'Do Vou Get That!" Clark. "I would like to see you or any member of this house or any one else refuse to hear a point of order. Do you et that?" shouted Clark. Stone ruled Clark out of order. Hendricks Tried It. Then Hendricks tried. Hendricks was ruled out of order. Stone shouted for order and Hen dricks jelled right back at him. "I can rise to a point of order anv time I want to and you know it," yelled Hendricks. Store ignored Hendricks ami recog nized Keene of Bourbon, who was in his seat. Then Hendricks exploded. 'You can't run thii house arbitrar ily and I defy you to try it," snapped the Rawlins man. "By what rule do you recognize a man in his seat and ignore a man on his feet?" "The chair didn't recognise you," aid Stone. "Set down," shouted Kndres of Leavenworth and a half dozen other members. Kndres Told Where to Go. "You go to ," snapped Hen dricks. Then he sat down. Stone called Knrires to the chair and took up the fight in person. He Jed the fight for the adoption of the .Jocelyn motion to defer -.adoption of the conference report. Stone's speech did everything except pour oil on the waters. "I object to this budget as a whole, as it increases the house appropria tions a half million dollars," said Stone. "I object further because its distribution shows a deliberate method to loot the treasury. I want to brand this policy as worse than bribery. By insidious temptation and trading it is a worse practice than bribery and we have beheld an attempt to loot the treasury of nearly two million dol lars. It is simply a traffic and trade. It leaves a slimy trail of trade all through the legislature." Way ma n Too Mart to Talk. With the charge of corruption In making up appropriations Wayman of Lyon, Progressive, jumped to his feet. His grouch was turned to white hot wrath. He tried to talk, but the chair did not recognize him. Then Moore head jumped to his feet to ask the speaker if he did not trust the com mittee which he t himself had ap pointed. "Yes, I trust my committee," re plied Stone. "But this is wrong. What is more, 1 propose to say to the governor that I want him to veto these excessive bills and I want you to protest, too, against such a pro gram as is being carried out here." Jocelyn explained his amendment. He said the report was only advisorv. Then he yielded his closing time to Stone and Keene. "Is that a part of the your agree ment to yield this time?" Moxcey asked Jocelyn. "No. it is my desire," sarcastically replied Jocelyn. Both Stone and Keene told of the (Continued on PaseT 6.) COLLEGE EDDER-KATIOX. Richmond, Ind.. March 17. Earl ham college professors have made no formal complaint yet against the high school and academies for turning over raw product to the college, but one may be expected soon if the present quality of fresh men continues to appear. Follow ing a recent examination on gen eral subjects, one of the professors made public the following freak answers: "Contraband is a kind of Negro." Normal Angel "The people who invaded England a long time ago." Kaiser "The king of Russia." Mikado "A brand of coffee." Utopia "A town in Kansas." Ad valorem "With courage." Sun Yat Sen "Chinese words for one, two, three." Matriculation "Circulation of the blood in veins and arteries." Habeas corpus "Just keep the corpse." O'NEAL JS KILLED Wealthy Fanner Near Berryton Victim of Gas Explosion. Blows Up While Repairs Were Made on Lighting System. Charles O'Neal, a farmer liyingt.1 half-mile south and a mile west of Berryton, was almost instantly killed in an explosion in a gas lighting plant in his home at 9:30 o'clock this morn ing. Bertie Hill, a hired hand, who was assisting O'Neal In making re pairs on the plant, was blown a dis tance of twenty feet and was rendered unconscious. The explosion set fire to the house, but Hill regained con sciousness in time to extinguish tho flames. O'Neal was alive when Hill found him after the explosion, but he died in a few minutes. He had re ceived a blow over the left eye which crushed the skull. i o Aeal and mil were tne only per- ous pt eweiiL at. Lilts iiinc KfL me explo sion. Mrs. O'Neal was in Topeka and was notified by telephone of the death of har husband. O'Neal was one of ; the i.fd settlers of the eorrvrtunity. He ; ..d a -valuable farm and a nici- home. ; He was 58 years old and had no chil dren. .. MEANS ABIC LOSS England Embargo Will Be Op posed to the Limit. It Cuts Down Import Duties $100,000 a Day. Washington, March 17. That Eng land's attempted justification of her German commerce embargo will meet with no response in administration circles was plainly Indicated today. The request that this country ' look upon the latest order in council as a modified blockade and the claim that it parallels the North's action in the Civil war, is to be ignored. Persons enjoying the confidence of the administration today insisted that there is to be no change in the pro gram. Explicit and pointed protest will be made against interference with America's oversea trade that is not contraband of war. This nation will relinquish no right it enjoys to force payment of full damages when any violation of its recognized treaty rights occur. Senators Hoke Smith and Walsh after conferring with President Wil son and Secretary of Commerce Red field today, estimated that stoppage of German imports to the United States, even under existing conditions, will mean a loss in custom duties alone of more than $100,000 daily. In addition, shutting off cotton exports to Germany direct and through Rot terdam will mean a reduction in con sumption estimated at not less than 30,000 bales weekly, and the latter fig ure is only a minimum, according to reports reaching the state depart ment's foreign trade adviser. The cotton trade with Germany was just getting well started when the English blockade was announced. RIGHT; THEN GLOOMY Pleasant Morning Was Followed by Clouds and Rain. Following a comparatively bright and pleasant morning the sky became overcost this afternoon. A drizzling rain began falling at 2:30 o'clock. The forecast calls for fair weather. There was a light freeze this morn ing and a heavy frost. The minimum temperature at 7 o'clock 27 degrees was four degrees below the normal minimum. There is expected to be a light freeze Thursday morning. The Kaw river is slowly falling; the stage today was 7.8 feet. The wind this morning was but three miles an hour from the west. Sky Overcast This Afternoon. By 2 o'clock this afternoon the sKy was completely overcast, but the weather map is encouraging. The wind was twelve miles from the southwest this afternoon. The shippers' forecast calls for the protection of thirty-six hour ship ments in all directions against tem perature of 28 degrees. The hourly readings: 7 o clock 27 8 o'clock 30 9 o'clock 35 1Q o'clock 37 11 o'clock 39 12 o'clock 41 1 o'clock 42 2 o'clock. .,..40 TO EVERY FAMILY THREE CHILDREN France Considering Flan to Repopulate Her Country. Result of War Means Worst Crisis in All History. AT LEAST 2,000,000 KILLED Increased Birth Rate Only Remedy for Depleted Race. All Europe Faces Most Serious Problem of Population. Paris. March 17. The Academy of Moral and Political Sciences has just asked the French government to take up at once its most serious problem GERMAN YOUTHS MARCHING THROUGH BERLIN ON WAY TO FRONT "MiJ- - ; '!f tl wl The German losses at the battle fronts are beginning: to tell. The exeat gaps in the ranks have to be filled, and very young men are being: called upon. This picture, which has just been received, shows a regiment of young men mostly under twenty marching through Berlin on their way to entrain for the front The first pictures that were received from Berlin after war was declared showed the soldiers to b6 gay and carefree. But this photograph seems to indicate an entirely different state of mind. that will result from the war that of the population of Europe. The Academy has pointed out that when the war ends a minimum of 2,000.000 men at the very least will have been killed. The crisis which Europe will then face for its repopu lation will be without parallel in the world's history. The Academy has already pledged to the government its most profound and exhaustive study of the situation. While it is the intention of the mem bers eventually to take up the prob lem in its application to all the coun tries stricken by the war, they for the moment will .confine their efforts to the problem as it is presented in France. That France will be the country that will face the most serious phase of the situation is already recognized. For years ' even before the war France's birth rate had decreased to a point where it was exceeded by the deaths. Now with hundreds of thou sands of her men most capable of re producing their kind being killed, the situation' is recognized to have been aggravated to a degree where only the most radical, unanimous and exhaus tive measures on the part not only of the French government but of the en tire French people are going to be necessary in order toi nsure the con tinuity of the French race. As yet the Academy has suggested no measures to the government ex cept the immediate revision of all legislation on the subject. The Academy, however, from the super ficial glance which it has already given to the subject declares that the minimum motto which France can adopt and hope to prevent the grad ual obliteration from the face of the earth of the French people is "Three children for every family." The con dition entailed by the war renders this an imperative necessity. The Academy also has asked the government to effect a complete change in the policy of its laws on this subject. Instead of enacting measures with the end in view of forcing families to have children, it is urged, that the laws tend rather to make it possible for parents to have children by reducing for them the economic burden of bringing them up. As the laws now stand, it is assert ed that the larger a man's family is the more taxes, duties and other con tributions he is obliged to pay to the state. Tne Academy asks the reversal of this. It asks also the immediate revival of an old law which was suppressed in 18 So. It provided that every fam ily with seven children had the right to have at least one of these brought up at the expense of the state. The Academy insists that even a larger application of this law would be justifiable under the present condi tions. Weather Forecast for Kansas. Fair tonight and Thursday; not much change in temperature. BIG CONFERENCE IN FULL; SWING Several Hundred Delegates to Methodist. State Meeting. I Well Filled Program Is. Carried Out Here Today. THEY ABE 60QD BUSINESS MEN Methodist Ministers Are Com petent, Says Bernard Kelly. Dr. Edwin Locke Is Named Sec retary of the. Convention. The Kansas annual conference of the Methodist Episcopal church, which has brought more than 600 ministers and their' wives to Topeka, is now in full swing. The opening event was in the nature of a reception by the Methodist ministers and their wives and official boards of the To peka churches in the Sunday school temple of the First church Tuesday evening which was attended by more than 1,000 persons. This evening at 6 o'clock there will be a Baker university banquet- in the Sunday school temple, presided over by Dr. W. N. Mason, president of the institution. The anniversary of the Board of Education will be celebrated at 7:30 o'clock, the Rev. John Enda cott presiding. An address will be de livered by Dr. J. W. Hancher of New York. The anniversary of the Freed man's Aid society will also be given consideration tonight. The Rev. B. M. Powell will preside. There will be an address by Dr. I. Garland Fenn. Good Business Men. Methodist ministers are the best business men in the world. According to Dr. Bernard Kelly, of Emporia, a retired army chaplain who spoke briefly before the members of the Kansas conference of the Meth odist Episcopal church at the First Methodist church this morning. "To take the salary of a Methodist Epis copal minister,' he said, "and educate their families proves that they are the best financiers in the world," he said. Dr. I. Garland Penn, of Cincinnati, secretary of the Freed man's Aid so ciety, spoke of the deplorable condi tion that exists in the southern states because of the lack of a market for cotton due to the European war. "The war has cut off the cotton market in the South," he said. "The colored people are in worse condition than I have seen for years. rComlnued on Page Two.) ' The Rot. Henry J- Coker of ' Denver, ! Meld tSeoretary Board of Home Mis : Hions and Member Kansas Confer ' encc MILESTONE NOW REACHED IN VAR Pirotal Battles Are Being Fought on Both Fronts. At Neuve Chapelle and St. Eloi in the West. PRZASNYSZ AND PRZEMYSL Centers of Struggle in the East ern Fighting Zone. Russian Lines Draw Closer About the Austrian Fortress. London. March 17. Neuve Chapelle and St. Eloi in the west and Przasysz and Przemysl in the east are the piv ots of the battle areas in which strug- gles that may mark important mile stones in the war are now being fought. The outcome of the fight for Neuve Chapelle, from which the British have driven the Germans with a loss of nearly 20.000 men, should prove, in the opinion of British observers, whether the Germans can mass men and retrieve ground lost by them with the same battering tactics they dis played last year. On the other hand if the British can hold the positions gained by them it will go far toward attesting what may be expected when the allies begin their spring advance. The outcome of the battle of Prza snysz will demonstrate whether Field Marshal Von Hindenburg again has failed and virtually nullified all his costly efforts to reach Warsaw. To the south the Austrians are at tempting what they have tried many times before, a dash to relieve the for tress of Przemysl. According to dis patches from Petrograd, this latest ef fort which was a northward advance, from the Carpathians, has definitely fallen short, the Austrians having been checked in the center of their chief offensive movement at Smolnik, to the south of Lutowiska. In the mean time the Russians are drawing closer their lines around the Przemysl for tress. London has received no confirma tion of the report that the British cruiser Amethyst has penetrated the narrows of the Dardanelles as far as Nagara and unless the destruction of the forts has been more rapid than of ficially has been reported, such a feat is regarded as unlikely. Nagara is the northern limit of the Narrows, to reach which a ship would have to run the gauntlet of the forts on both shores at ranges varying from 400 to 2.000 yards. EMBARoFOMlORH. I'nited States Pears Disease in Indian Grain May Spread. Washington, March 17. The de partment of agriculture has issued -an order, effective immediately, prohib iting the importation of Indian corn from Java, India and parts of Oceania. A disease known as Sclerosporo May dis, ruinous to the corn plant, is rav aging corn in parts of India and it was to prevent the pest from reach ing the United States that the em bargo was ordered. Identification Cards. The Business Men's Bible class of the First Methodist church has fur nished small flags for each member attending the convention for the pur pose of identification. AMERICAN METHOD IX WAR. Paris, March 17. The second lieutenant of a battalion of Alpine Chasseurs tells hothe lasso was utilized against the Germans in the Vosges. "We occupied a wooded knoll," he says, "so well placed the Ger mans couldn't think of taking It by assault, so they set their miners and sappers at work. They arrived thus within a few yards of our trenches and had the audacity to place a sentinel there, well protect ed in a sort of armored box with loopholes in it. There was no way of driving him out. One day a Chasseur who had seen life on the American plains, asked permission to try his hand with a rope. At midnight he slipped out of the trench and crept close enough to throw a slip noose over the box, then another and another before the German realized what had happened. With the aid of a num ber of comrades the box with the German in it was dragged into our trenches." ' DRIVE SHIPS BACK Attempts at Mine Sweeping Frustrated by Turks. Increasing Activity Indicated on Western Battle Front. The lack of news concerning the at tack on the Dardanelles Is explained in a dispatch from Constantinople which says that only unimportant operations have been carried on by the allied fleet during the last few days. Two attempts of cruisers to ap proach the outer fortifications in con nection with mine sweeping opera tions are said to have been frustrated by the fire from shore. Increasing activity is indicated along the western end of the Franco- Belgian battle line. A message from a correspondent at the front to a Paris newspaper says that Nieuport has been bombarded by the Germans and Westende by the allies. The Bel gians are reported to have made some headway against the Germans, .cap turing positions in two localities. The British army is still on the of fensive although its advance appar ently has been checked by the Ger- GARZA IS ON JOB Provisional President of Mex ico Returns to Capital. He Issues Statement Assuring Protection to the Public.". ' Washington. March 17.-7-l7nofficial advices reaching the state department today told of the return to Mexico City of Roque .Gonzales Garza, elected provisional president by a convention of generals January 17, and of his is suing a statement assuring protection to the public in the capital. Martial law would be declared, Garza's state ment said. Advices telling of Garza's return said there was no disorder in the city and that business houses had been re opened. Garza succeeded Eulalle Gutierrez and he presumably entered the cap ital with Zapata forces last week, aft er its evacuation by General Obregon. Information concerning actual con ditions in Mexico City has been scant since the latest change in control, but state department dispatches from the Swedish legation there have said con ditions are deplorable. These dis patches told specifically of alleged outrages to Swedish subjects. State department officials today awaited an answer to a request that transportation be furnished Ameri cans and foreigners desiring to leave the capital.. Concern was felt for the safety of foreigners at Manzanillo on the west coast. Urgent representa tions have been sent to General Car ranza, calling attention to the serious situation there. NEARING A BREAK Negotiations Between Italy and Austria Still Going On. The Romans Demand 31 ore Ter ritory or a Fight. TBy Alice Rohe. Rome, March 17. Rumors of im portant developments in the Balkans today divided attention in diplomatic circles with reports that Austria and Italy were nearing a break. Private advices from Uskub indicat ed a massing of Servian troops in the direction of the Albanian frontier. This gave rise to a report that Servia has determined upon a sudden inva sion of Albania with the object of ob taining a hold on the Adriatic. An other report from Salonica states that important Bulgarian movements have taken place in the direction of the Turko-Bulgarian frontier, indicating a Bulgarian movement southward to ward the Gulf of Sarosa. Almost cut off from news from the war centers, Salonica and Uskub have been rumor centers since the war started. For this reason, neither of the reports reaching here was given serious consideration, except in so far as they indicate further unrest in the Balkans. Anti-Austrian demonstrations were again reported from a number of Ital ian cities today. Unquestionably, the warlike utterances of that portion of the press favoring the allies is stirring up strong sentiment in favor of war. On the other hand, the leaders who have persistently urged the mainte nance of Italy's neutrality have not been without success. High government officials today in sisted that there is no cause for alarm. The -negotiations with Austria, being conducted through von Buelow, are continuing. That there has been no break in the interchanges i taken to mean that Austria may yet yield to Italy's demand for an expansion of her boundaries. TORPEDOED Two British Ships Attacked by German Submarines. The Atlanta Able to Beach Port With Her Crew. THE FINGAL SENT TO BOOT Six Members of Her Crew Lose Their Lires. The Survivors Are Landed on the Northumberland Coast. London, March 17. Official an nouncement was made today that th British steamers Atlanta and Fingal had been torpedoed. The text of the communication fol lows: "The British steamer Atlanta, Sit tons, owned by Messrs. J. and P. Hutchison, of Glasgow, was torpedoed by a German submarine off Inish turk, on the west coast of County Gal way, Ireland, about noon of March 14. The crew was landed on Inlshturk is land and the vessel is now In the har bor. "The British steamer Fingal. of 1,562 gross tons (661 net tons), owned by the London Edinburgh Shipping company of Leith, Scotland, was tor pedoed and sunk at 10:60 a. m. March. 15, off the Northumberland coast. Twenty-one members of her crew were landed at North Shields, but six lives are reported to have been lost, including the chief mate and the stewardess." OPEN BORDER WAR Mexicans Raid Town of Dwyer, in New Mexico. Shoot Up the Place and Finn der the Stores. Santa Fe, N. M., March 17. Sev eral Americans are reported killed in a ' battle with Mexican bandits who raided the town of Dwyer, in Glenn county, southeast of Silver City, last night. The Mexicans escaped and at last accounts were racing for the border with a reinforced posse from Grant and Luna counties riding hard to head them off. -The-Mexicans rode Into Dwyer 'and robbed the general store ' of Frank Paiper of a considerable sum, twenty high power repeating rifles and one thousands rounds of ammunition. After shooting in all directions to terrorize the inhabitants of the town, the raiders rode southward, heading for the border. A posse was organized at Dwyer and. well mounted and heavily arm ed started in pursuit. After a chase of twenty miles the posse overhouled the Mexicans'. A running battle fol lowed. George Tidwell. Lafe Justin and another member of the posse. wnose name nad not been learned, were killed, according to report reach ing here. Albert Tidwell was reported missing. It is not known, whether or not anv of the bandits were killed. The Dwyer posse aia not succeed in stopping the Mexicans, who continued their flisht southward. Sheriff McOrath of Grant county was notified by telegraph and formed a fresh posse which started southward, joining a band organized by Sheriff Stephen of Luna county. The Americans at last accounts still were in pursuit of the fleeing Mexicans. PANICINPROGRESO Foreigners Ask for Itefuge on American Warship. Carranza Again Promises Pro tection to Life and Property. Washington. March 17. Foreigners at Progreso, alarmed at disorders in the vicinity, have asked for refuge on the American cruiser Des Moinea. General Carranza, after conference with American naval and diplomatic officers at Vera Cruz, has promised full protection for them. The situation at Progreso was sum marized in this statement by the state department: "Advices from Vera Cruz, dated March 16. state much alarm exists at Progreso on account of the severe de feat of the insurgent forces. Foreign ers there have made a request for asylum on the U. S. warship. In com pany with the chief of staff of the American admiral the representative of the department of state called at the foreign office in regard to the situation at Progreso. Assurances were given that General Carranza would issue immediate orders to his chief in command to give full protec tion to foreign life and property. The foreign office further stated the ad miral could instruct the captain of the Des Moines to inform foreigners to this effect. "The foreign office at Vera Cms, the department is informed, has iss ued instructions that the port of Pro greso has been again opened to inter national traffic." Other official dispatches' were thus summarized: The department is in receipt of a dispatch dated March 16, from Eagle Pass, stating that General Hernandez has sent 200 troops back to Piedras Negras to garrison the town. Secretary Bryan spent an hour with President Wilson today discussing the Mexican question, particularly in con nection with the treatment of priests and nuns. Bishop Currier of Mantanzas, Cuba, Cardinal Gibbons and other Catholic leaders have been in frequent com munication ,with the president and secretary to get protection for the clergy in Mexico and the administra tion is making every effort to see that their rights are respected.