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The Topeka state journal. [volume] (Topeka, Kansas) 1892-1980, January 18, 1918, HOME EDITION, Image 1

Image and text provided by Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, KS

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82016014/1918-01-18/ed-1/seq-1/

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PIWRKNTLY the Kansas war
council could be of service in
yy EATHER FORECAST for Kansas:
Cloud) , wanner tonight. Prob
ably enow, warmer in cast Saturday.
(iarlield's 5-l)ay Shutdown Into
effect at Midnight.
Disregards Senate's Strong Ke
(juest To Postpone Order.
1l ti n. Ti llcln
- -'"" - - "
Adoo Out of Tangle.
Freight Piled High Awaiting
Shipment Will He Moved.
t'aupes n virtnal shutdown east of the
Mifininaipnl river. , , ,
Naiur'il ens artifii-tal Iran, wood, fuel
oil "niKl all other forms of fuel, are
Inclailecl In the suspension order, ac
ronllns to a late official ruling today.
This applies not only to plants
norinallv usinc coal who might wlsu
to substitute Bus. wood or oil, but also
those customarily using these forms oi
fuel. It was emphasized.
Theaters and other amusement places
must go fuelless on the Mondays from
January 1:1 to March 'Jo.
Department stores, wll. be heatless
Mondays, but bullrings containing
government offices bank doctors and
dentists' offi.t-s will be exempted
There most be washless laundries on
the worklcss days, as tlwy are deemed
mnmifacturiiig plans.
(irocerv and drug stores an be heat
ed and likewise K-hools.
.V select list of vital war plants are
exempted. Kailrnads. shipping, pub ic
Institutions, houses and apartments,
strictly eovemmen? plants but pot
rnlte.i States war contract factories,
public utilities are all allowed to have
'"Trolley service will he made to con
form to holiday schedules on the work-
' ''saloons will be cold on workless
1'iipers will print as usual but on
Mondays cannot run more editions
than tlK V do on 1pk.i1 holidays. If the
paper docs not issue on a holiday It
may publish once on Monday.
Washington. Jan. IS. 'me mei au
minlstration today made public a list
of more than one thousand firms ex
empted from the fuel restriction or
ueias being necessary to the national
The Kord and Packard motor plants
at Detroit in so far as they are used
for manufacture of aircraft and signal
coriw necessaries are on the exempted
list. ' '
The Willys-Overlund plants and
practically all other motor plants
working on aircraft and army orders
were included with Ford and Packard.
Beside the makers of munitions,
ar.ny cloth, cotton duck and blankets
exempted in the preferred list issued
last night, the new list contains the
names of manufactories and light and
power plants added after protests had
been received today.
Washington. Jan. 18. American in
dustry today began sacrifice of mil
lions that the national railroad may
release scores of supply ships lying
helpless in our harbors.
Thru an order issued by Fuel Ad
ministrator Oarfield. effective at mid
night, business and labor started a
five day period of idleness east of the
Mississippi river that coal for the ships
may have the right of way. Nine
Mondays thereafter similar shutdown
orders will be in effect.
Forty-three exceptions in industries
affected by the most sweeping regu
lation that ever shook this country
assured that pressing war work would
not he interrupted ...... .. I
A statement by Garfield defending
his action in the face of overwhelm-
ing senate vote to nom up tne oraer .
lor live oays. oecm.ea .i w ' " ffnl
sary to clear congested Piers f 1
empty steamer bunkers and avoid
further congestion which might de-1
lav Hhi nment of supplies to r ranee. .
:. field Accepts Responsibility.
Garfield himself accepts full re- I
sponslbility for the order which ;
stunned the nation. ;
To modify, if possible, some or the
tinrHshins it imnoses. he has asked the '
i i 1 1. ; .. Kaq- 1 , .
fully and see that the burden does not 1
fall on the working man, thru loss of !
wages on idle days.
Millions of such wages and greater j
millions in production are involved In ;
the industrial suspension. Answering
complaint on this score, Garfield de-
clared "there are thousands in Lu- win Locomotive works this afternoon
rope and more still to go there, who was ordered to close. The works em
will lose more than wages or income. poys 20.000 men and was apparently
Iftrving given the president author- operating in defiance of the fuel ad-
ny to act in sucu oursns uic iirewm.
"rTrsoflrrrhe 'Uftrorder I
Is concerned. The only step which
could be taken to make the order in
effective would be to repeal the food
law immediately and that is not
thought of seriously.
Talk of Hobbling Government.
That the law may later be amended
to strip it of some of its powers how
ever, is hinted at by some today.
Tod,ay opened up with another ava
lanche of protests from many parts
of the country on the Garfield order.
Demands that its period of effective
ness be curtailed were made to th
president and congress. But there
lime iiKPiinooa mat
laws are passed that may permit pre
cipitation of such sweeping regula
tions upon the country without con
gressional sanction.
But in many quarters there is ex
pression of belief that had Garfield
originally issued" the statement he
maaeiasinipnunsieuQ oi announcing
what he intended to do before he him -
?T"Kbeen lonfusi
ant protest.
Wont to Work This Morning.
Gartield signed his order about 5:40
modification of the original rguia . o'clock yesterday, U was officially stat
tion would be made. If anvthing it d todav- This was a few minutes be
mav be rendered more sweeping if . fore tne senate passed its resolution
present industrial restrictions don't askinS nim to postpone hve days the
clear the tracks for coal. date of the order going into effect.
Congress was indignant at Garfield's I 14 was stated at the fuel adminis
ignoring the senate request to hold up I tration that instructions to state fuel
the order. Already the spirit is abroad administrators were on their way an
in the capital to see that no further! hour before the senate's action was
Another Light Snow Is on the Pro
gram for Saturday.
Hourly temperature readings for
the day furnished by the local office
of the United States weather bureau:
7 o'clock 4 11 o'clock 11
g o'clock 4112 o'clock 15
9 o'clock 71 1 o'clock 17
10 o'clock 10 2 o'clock .19
The wind was blowing 12 miles an
hour from the west at 2 o'clock this
afternoon. The average temperature
for the day, was 14 degrees below
According to ancient legend, it is
evident that the great god, Thor, has
his hammer to good effect
I among the forces of the forest giants
of Jotunheim. Meteorologist rwra
1 stated this morning that the backbone
of the present cold snap is now defi-
Mc-'nitely broken. In the olden days
when the world was young this mod-
eration wouM be attributed to the ef
ficient battling of the Thunderer. The
temperature at 7:30 o'clock this morn
ing, the lowest for thv. night, was 3
degrees above zero, but it was said
that the mercury would climb to
about 25 degrees by afternoon. The
wind was expected to shift to the
south t-night and tomorrow the tem-
(Continued on Page Two.i
William Pardee's Foot Slipped
When He liOt On Car.
U. P. Train Crew Lost in Wild
Race With Death.
As the result of injuries received
this morning when he fell under the
wheels of a freight train at MenokenT
a short distance west of Topeka, Wil
liam Pardee, a brakeman for the
Union Pacific, died at Lawrence a
short timj after the accident while
being rushed to Kansas City.
The train, eastbound, was leaving
the Menoken siding at the time of the
accident. According to Union Pacific
officials here, Pardee started to climb
up the end of a car when his foot
slipped and he fell on the icy siding
under the trucks. The wheels passed
over his body, completely severing his
legs near the hips.
Death Won in Race.
The train crew made a heroic effort
to save Pardee's life. The caboose and
engine were cut loose from the train
and with Pardee in the ca-boose a race
against death to get the brakeman to
Kansas City for expert treatment be
gan. The string of cars was left on
the siding. Pardee's injuries were so
serious, however, that he died as the
special was" parsing thru Lawrence.
Pardee, for the most of his" life,
lived at Wamego. For the last two
or three months, however, he haS been
living at Kansas City. He has a wife
and family.
A brother, George Pardee, lives in
North Topeka on Gordon street, be
tween Van Buren and Harrison.
The body will probably be taken to
Wamego for burial.
Report Five Chicago Plants
Fail To Shut Down.
Early Disposition in Detroit To
Defy Order Disappears.
Chicago, Jan. 18. Five alleged vio
lations of the fuel order were reported
to the United States district attorney's
office ud to 10 o'clock this morning.
Tne offendera were Bent for and if
their explanations are. not satisfactory
,t was that they would be pr0se-
Exceptions in Detroit.
Detroit, Mich.. Jan. 18. With few
ex tiona Detrmt industries affected
Garfield five-day closing order
ere ,
, - , .
production under way but they will '
fall in line. The disposition to defy I
the order which was apparent yester- I
day was changed upon receipt of word ,
that Doctor Garfield has signed it and
annarentlv had the full sunonrt nf the i
. .1 .
Detroit factories will not pay their
workers for the time lost.
Both the state and national orders
are being observed insofar as they do
not conflict
Baldwin Refuses to Close.
Philately. ii Tan IS Ti. Ru M-
ministration's order. William Potter.
Lr.."?". 1
president of the preat industry, that
he must cease operations at once.
Mr. Potter said he had asked the
co-operation of the Philadelphia po
lice officials In enforcing his order
aprainst Baldwins and all other indus
trial plants operating in defiance of
the order to shut down for five days.
Earlier in the day President John
son had announced that he would
close the works if Fuel Administrator
Potter ordered the closing in writing:.
Mr. Potter's order was in response to
this announcement.
. officially brought to Garfield's atten-
But the lateness of the order and
the general confusion thruout yester
day left hundreds of industries un
certain whether they should open to
day. AS a result, thniisnnds nf nrri-lr.
i ers in the eastern half the United
' States went to their labor as usual
nl' t0 nd the-v
w.ee was some tenaency to
pass the huckbyjrienda of both Gar-
(Continued on Page Two.)
Every Speaker Urges Kansans
To Save More Necessities.
jeat Fj onr and r !oal H OSS Bit
terly Denounced.
aiember Inter-Allied Paris Con
ference Hoover- Representative
Henry Allen Speaks at
, Auditorium Tonight.
- (At Auditorium.)
H. J. Waters, managing editor Kansas
City Weekly star, presiding.
"Readjustment in Education to Meet War
Kmergen?ies" Chancellor Frank Strong,
iState university.
I "Itoarfinatmont In 1i,Kll Sr.nntla am m
J Result of the War" Supt. W. D. Rosa, To-
"I'rlce Fixing" Tr. Thomas . Nixon
'Carver, Harvard university.
I "Universal Service Thrn the Reci Cross"
j Henry J. Allen, Wichita.
Economy is the big subject before
tne war conierence delegates at to
day's session in "Topeka. The save
something idea is being driven home
by every speaker at today's sessions
and the meat and flour and coal hog,
as well as the profiteer, is having
more trouble than Satan in the book
of Jeremiah. America will win the
war thru economy and might lose
thru waste, extravagance and extor
tion, speakers told the Kansas dele
gates to the war meetings.
Kansas should direct a campaign to
make economy popular, speakers
urged. They urged that the spirit of
economy extend to every essential and
a direct reduction In all nonessentials.
Emerson Carey of Hutchinson, state
fuel administrator, and Walter P. In
nes, of Wichita, state food adminis
trator, both urged upon Kansans
the need of a more strict ' and
rigid program of saving. They told of
the war strength of a sack of flour
and a ton of coal and urged Kansans
to eat less extravagantly, burn less un
necessary coal and save money with
which to buy liberty bonds.
Ir. Taylor Principal Speaker.
Dr. Alonzo E. Taylor, of Washing
ton, a member of the inter-allied war
conference at Paris, was the princi
pal speaker , at. the day's sessions on
economy as a method of winning "the
war. Dr. Taylor came to Topeka with
a message concerning the policies and
program of Herbert Hoover, federal
food administrator. He spoke at the
afternoon session in Memorial nail as
a representative of the federal gov
ernment and the food administration
Kansas was urged to popularize
economy thru a general practice. Use
less waste both in the home, the of
fice and in personal habits and indul
gences were discouraged. Delegates
to the conference were urged to stay
on the job during the duration of the
war in an effort to aid the govern
ment in the saving of every commod
ity which might be utilized to the
government's advantage in fighting
the kaiser. - "
War savings were discussed at
the afternoon sessions by P. W. Goebel
of Kansas City, in charge of the war
savings certificate campaign in Kan
sas. Goebel is one of the most widely
known bankers in the middle west and
is former president of the American
Bankers' association.
The Program Changed.
When Doctor Taylor came to To
peka on a late train, attractions from
the afternoon program were switched
to the morning session and the Taylor
address arranged for the after lunch
eon program. H. M. Hill, of LaFon
taine, and B. E. Frizzell. of Lamed,
were placed on the fcorning program
as a result of the delayed Taylor talk.
Guerney E. Newlin. representing the
iTTitci stales shipping bureau, will
follow Doctor Taylor on the afternoon
card and will tell of the government s
shipping program ana some ot tne
causes leading up to recent emoargoes.
Mill, oi miun""""..
triotic stand as to the duty
of the
n.OTiAM in thp W
the war crisis. He oe-
clared the farmers should not listen
to politicians and newspapers wnlcrt
seek to make political upiuu uj
ng the farmers their sons should be
exempted from war service. we
should consider it a blessing that we
have this opportunity to serve in any
branch of the government service."
Stand Belli nd Hoover.
In his talk, of "War Service on the
Farm." Hill set an example of real
SSlthe tr. stand behind
conservation. He told the convention
th- Hoover and Garfield conservation
policies and reduce consumption of
food and fuel to the minimum. Hill
said that on his farm near LaFon
taine the family had reduced their
wheat flour consumption more than
half, the sugar demand two-thirds,
had bought no canned goods, had
made all soap used on the farm ex
cept toilet soap, and had cancelled or
ders for coal and employed men to
cut wood that the supply of coal might
go to some family unable to secure a
supply of fuel.
B. E. Frizzell told of the labor situ
ation on the farm. He said Kansas
high school students should spend the
summer driving cultivators and plows
instead of automobiles. He urged con
scription of school children for work
on the farms. With adequate farm la
bor he declared Kansas would this
year produce one-fifth of the nation's
wheat supply.
Allen Speaks Tonight.
Henry J. Allen, editor of the Wi?h
itt Beacon and director general of the
Red Cross in France, will be the prin
cipal speaker at tonight's meeting in
the auditorium. Allen has made sev
eral war speeches in Topeka. But each
speech seems to have increased the
demand fo- seating space at the subse
quent meeting. As a consequence
there is every probability of a capac-
! attendance tonight when he tell. Tof
: versal Service Thru the Red Cross."
"Readjustments in Kducation to
t Continued on Page Two.)
Four Hundred Kansans Take
Political Capital by. Storm.
Leave National Hotel Lobby
Empty to Morgan and Keene.
May Return a Fnll-Fledged
Ji'ear-Governor of Kansas.
Every District Represented at
the Big Meeting Today.
More than 250 men and women In
Republican affairs in their home com-
munities and in the state promised '
this afternoon to keep Henry J. A1-.
len's gubernatorial campaign going
while he is in France. The meeting,
held in the packed assembly room of According to reports here, many ' an increase in wages and higher coal
the Rational hotel, was one of the units of Austrian forces on the' Italian prices. That was the sensational state
most significant political gatherings in . front have been ordered executed for ment today of Emerson Carey of
Kansas in years. their refusal to obey their officers iu.i.. , .. .
Men prominent in both the pro- Disaffection against their m!tariat ' Hutchinson' state 'uel administrator,
gressive and old line crowds of the j masters Is spreading among German . ,n a speech before the war conference,
party were active in the meeting, and ( troops, also. j Carey appealed to patriotic Kansans
pledged loyal support in the primary The German government is making ' to "save a shovelful of coal a day" as
campaign. Fred K. Stanley of Wichita, strenuous efforts to stop the spread of a war aid. Then he warned Kansas
Republican national committeeman for Russian propaganda and of sympathy . her big mines would be exhausted in
Kansas, was chairman of the meeting, j with Russian beliefs. j ten years.
Stanley has been ranked with the old! 25,000 In German Mutiny Camp. 1 Carey, who had previously told the
crowd. Miss Mattie Beck, of Holton. porein Minister Trntw t,im,if I war conference that the miners' union
staunch progressive and well known ; telegraphed trom Bresrovsktooav was a law "nt itself, walked oer the
newspaper woman, was secretary. ' g Germ governrnenTwas " dt- "liners with hob nail shoes in today's
William Allen White of Emporia, who UbeVately garbling reports of the speech. He declared the miners, un
spent several months with Allen m peace negotiations " Presumably this er the shrewdest, brainiest leadership
France, was among the many promi-. to in ,jne wjth ;tne Teutonic effort to in the world- adopted the policy eni
nent Kansans in the meeting. j mislead public opinion in the central Ploved Dv railroad men a few months
Resolutions oledgina support to A1-, . earlier and comDelled Drice advances.
len while he is ministering to Ameri-
can soldiers in France were adopted
with a whooD. The big crowd arose-
and gave Allen a noisy reception when,;
he entered the hall. In a speech he,
told the crowd his friends and sup-1 ized. The men live by foraging and
porters at home must direct his cam-s contributions from sympathetic peas
paign while he is in France for the ants.
Red Cross. . A, similar situation of disaffection
W. Y. Morgan of Hutchinson, and among the men is reported along the
A. M. Keene of Fort Scott, two other whole of the Austro-Italian front, ac-
ca.nuiua.tes in me cumiiiK prjiuiwiea,
were lert in tne notei loDDy aeserxea
when the Allen meeting was called.
There isn't the least bit of uncer
tainty about the plan for booming the
Allen cause. Some of the best known
political organizers and strongest Re
publican workers in the state were in
today's meeting which pledged every
energy and every endeavor to Allen's
success. The fight will cbe made
the men. at Home while Allen is wltri, tc? the prolongation of-t-he peace nesoi
the American Red Cross near the' tiatione at Brest-Litovsk, the continua
trenches on the western front. . Every tion of the reduced bread rations
faction and crowd in Republican poll- ' one-half the former allotment and
tics in the state was well represented ! police measures against meetings of
this afternoon's meeting. . There
is not a district in Kansas which
was not represented.
Trains today brought many Allen
supporters from almost every county
in the state. There is not a district
which is not represented by men of
prominence, power and standing in
political affairs of their communities.
The men came to Topeka to assure
Allen they would provide the organi
zation to carry his gubernatorial cam
Pai,S"vth tfl.eK ?"e-prim,a1fiSJt- " instructed People's councils thru
1" S? 1f "b" w!,icn hls .Kansas !out the land to-take the most dms-
11. ".T"' FV-tZ. B -
the service which Allen is giving the
soldiers thru the American Red Cross
He'll Leave in a Few Days.
Allen will leave in a few days for
France, where he will probably spend
five or six months looking after the
comfort and welfare of th American
soldiers. Several thousand Kansans
will be "over there" before Allen re- 1
turns to Kansas. And the heartbeats
of several thousand Kansas mothers
and sweethearts will be for the men in.
the trenches on the western front. It
will be for the comfort of these men
that Allen will give his time and ener
gies. And Allen will be the only man
at the front for the Red Cross. So
while he is providing some ittle pleas
ure or comfort for the boys from
Dodge City or Concordia or Hering
ton or Independence or Atchison, or
any one of a thousand other Kansas
towns, the folks at home won't forget
that Allen is a candidate for governor.
In the hot summer days to come the
...... .. : . .
owns mY iT , ' " .rl
sort of keep the cause alive in spite
of the advantage the politicians at
home may have in talking patriotism
-LLJ "m T
1J. " "l"iy l"e
campaign map of Europe.
Largre delegations came today from
Wyandotte, Douglas. Franklin, Allen,
Sedgrwick; Sumner, Harvey, Harper,
Ford, Riley, Atchison, Montgomery,
Crawford, and a score of other coun
ties. The purpose of the meeting is
to perfect a state-wide organization
which will relieve Allen of the respon
sibility of a campaign while he is in
France In short the boys at home
Allen's political respon- the Jupervision of the Kansas League Fieidi Jan. i g. The Prussian propa
e he is providing care of Municipalities which iS holding gandist guns are turned toward their
will take over
sibiltties whil
and comfort for the American soldiers.
Indiana County Rofoses , Shut Down
D Tndnutrias
Its Industries.
' Vincennes,
Tnrt Tan is Fvrv
ina., jan. is. .every
factory and manufacturing plant in
Knox county was operating full force
lUUav, in upuouwa Ji ucio laaucu
oy tne xeaerai xuei aamimstrauon.
John H. Jones, county fuel admin-
istrator, declared that he would not
close the factories, lacking official or-
ders and following action of the
United States senate yesterday, ask
lv n!k-
ing Garfield to hold up the orders for
Jonei, who Is president of the Na-
tional Rolling mills, stated that he
was in touch with State Fuel Adminis-
trator Evans Woollen but that Wool-
len was also lacking orders.
Jones got in touch with heads of
manufacturing companies in this city
last night and told them that they
might operate pending receipt of or
ders by him.
Denver, Jan. 18 Stay of execution
of judgments for $36,515,000 granted
against the Denver & Rio . Grande
Entire Companies of Austrian
Soldiers Are Pot To Death.
Disaffection Spreading Among
Men of German Armies, Too.
Anarchy Outbreak in Petrograd
as Congress Meets.
Railroad Trains Seized by Mobs
and Cars Looted.
PAtrmrrorl Tan Iff WhnU
ordered shot for their sympathy with
Russian Socialist views, according to
reports reaching here todav.
News from the cam of ?i r,nn
man troops who deserted their
,,, j ar,H o. i ,
pies of Socialism today asserted that!
the force was well armd on nro.an.
l-ui umg to messages received here.
Strike Riots Stir Austria.
London, Jan. 18. Serious strikes
accompanied by rioting have taken
place at Vienna and in other cities
thruout Austria according to news
agency telegrams from Zurich and
points in Switzerland.
. Loot Food Shops In Vienna.
The troubles, it is asserted, are due
the workers.
A peace demonstration at Vienna on
Tuesday night ended in a riot during
which, according to an Exchange Tele
graph dispatch, food shops were loot
ed. A wireless press dispatch' from
Berne says strikes broke out on Mon
day in factories in Vienna, Bratz
Order "Drastic Measures."
London, Jan. 18. A Russian wire-
tic measures" to suppress anarchy.
The message recounted disorders and
excesses at railway stations; declared
the railways were in the hands of
mobs and that ears were plundered.
"This start of anarchy had entirely
disorganized the transport, ' creating
indescriable sufferings," the wireless
New Revolt in Petrograd.
Petrograd, Jan. 18. Petrograd was
declared under martial law today by
the Bolsheviki safety commission.
"All attempts at a revolt are to be
vigorously suppressed," the decree
The martial law declaration is evi
dently designed to suppress any pos
sible disorder incident to the meeting
of the constituent assembly, sche
duled for today.
irnnii'nal J 1 ?P. I .. 1 . . n0 1 J A V.'
' -
j sas Towns Are Here,
MaAHniF ITnilAa c ir ..
rtUOF' i iwu-
nicipalities League.
Between 75 and 100 municipal off i -
cials, representing 140 cities and
convene at 4:30 o'clock this afternoon
at- A4 aronVin 1 T-JT1 .11 j
aopr a definite war polie? for tiTeir !
municipalities. The meeting is under!
... u.uu.i wiui me
war conference.
Resolutions framed Thursday by the
executive council of the league of j to a self-doubting soldiery the before
municipalities will be placed before the-Marne belief that they are uncon.
' ofpTnfon" that "they 'wilF beCadoptedS
j v.,, ...
jf this is done, every attending offi-
I rial will nlorlcrA Vi tmaal f n
1 " ' " " "ull,c
and WOrk for the-measures anH rnii
ana worx ior me measures and poll- ,
cies of the resolutions in his home;
of considerable
; portance has been framed for this
' afternoon-s meeting. W. L. Porter.
Tor.eka win talk aJinut th ho3.:
?uf,f' j l,,,?"0"! AT s
Zl , L""
' ' . J B"vii.
Kicnara Hopkins, city attorney for
Garden City, and former lieutenant
' f,over"or.wi'' " ,"AWfr Service
, Zl t " municipal inei ytrain
hmf community and how it has
! helped to solve the Lawrence coal
! problems.
r "
railroad by the federal courts of the
Southern district of New York and of
Colorado, and appointment of a re-
s". in federal di8trict
The petitioner is the Elliot Frog and
I Switch company of East St. Louis.
i IU., which asserts about $18,000 is
I due it.
Using War Crisis To Force an
Increase in Their Wages.
That Is Sensational Charge
Made by Emerson Carey.
Soon Kansas Will Have To De
pend Upon Illinois.
"Save a Shovelful a Day,"
Warning Issued Today.
Inspired by the successful bluff
which enabled railroad employes to
force passage of the Adamson law,
coal miners made a "war baby" -of
their jobs and the war crisis to force
Nor did Carey heap all the blame on
the miners. He said they learned a
i few of the tricks from the operators.
who in some instances advanced prices
200 to 300 per cent previous to gov
ernment control.
"Control of the coal situation was
made necessary largely by the opera
tors themselves," Carey told the war
conference delegates.
Then Carey laid bare the program
of the miners, which he said called
for demands for wage advances
from $3.40 to $5 a day.
Miners' "War Baby."
"One of the chief reasons for regu
lations," said -Carey in explaining the
necessity of federal action "was the
unrest among the miners who, saw the
wonderful fortunes being made by the
operators. The miners felt they were
not "getting theirs.'. The coal. miners
seeing that coal was a 'war baby
for the operators, decided that ' It
should also be a .'war baby' for them.
"They went to Fuel Administrator
Garfield late in September and de
manded an advance from $3.40 to $5
a day for eight hours work and a cor
responding advance per ton for mining
coal. This Mr. Garfield had to grant
to keep all the mines in the United
States from being tied up.
"While the coal miner works under
the ground and looks dirty and grimy
when he comes to the surface, he has
the shrewdest and brainiest leaders in
the world. They had seen the rail
road men go to President Wilson a
few months before and tell how they
would tie up the railroads of the coun
try and the president yielded by pass
ing the Adamson law. If the rail
roads could hold up a big man' like
the president of the United States, why
couldn't they hold up a little man,
comparatively speaking, like Gar
field?" This "hold up." as Carey character
ized the action of the miners, has cost
consumers of the nation J600.000.000.
the state fuel administrator declared.
"Thte advance caused a hike of 45
cents in price, which, togethet with
two other advances to miners and la
borers, made early in the year, caifred
an advance to consumers in price of
coal aggregating $600,000,000."
Warning to Kansas.
Then Carey sounded this warning
to Kansas:
"The coal mines of southern Kan
sas, waere most of the coal comes
' from to supply eastern Kansas, east
! ern Nebraska and the large cities up
I the Missouri river, will be practically
I worked out in ten years," Carey said.
In ten years, you will probably be
buying coal in this section of the state
I that is mined in Illinois.
i Carey ur.sed every Kansan to show
J loyalty to the fuel conservation cam-
paien by saving "a shovelful a day.'
i He said new methods in his salt plants
' enabled the saving of eight tons a day,
i as "his shovelful."
I PR H P A f! A N fl A AT LID MP
, ,,U nf-.i iri n nuiiii.
Raise Morale
In 'German Army by
Te",n H V 8 Is Muffing.
Wik k uri.ich i
own troops,
x?,r Qr,i u
ies attempt is being made to restore
1 ne propaganda is noi inerieciive.
i Prisone ik confidently of the pro-
: ... - r
posea an vp on tne west rront.
! . ,
From German prisoners it is known
Amorira i hoir..- r-MMuiv riHi...iari
i ne ijnuea states nas taKen tne place
of Britain as 'contemntihle in the
"an legion The German soldiers
j Hbehig told that stories of I b
. being told that stories or a big
American army are "bluff", that when
thT. "Tanks are Put to th.e test they
i win ia.il 10 mane gooa. rtone or tne
prisoners consider America a factor.
' hoi vine the war will h finihA H.-
. (ore "the wind bags" (as their propa-
gandists term the Americans) can get
under way.
Packing House Employe's Crime Or
phans His 4 Small Children.
St. Joe, Mo., Jan. 18. James Hash
ed, a packing house workman early
today slashed his wife's throat with
a razor and then cut his own throat.
following a quarrel. Both are dead.
Four small children are orphaned by
J the deed.
Torrential I tains Succeed Snow Storms
Over Training Zone in France.
With the American Army in France.
Jan. 18. Mud and water kneedeep
over the entire "American zone" is
not stopping the Sammies' war train
ing today.
Steady torrential rains have eradi
cated the snow and engulfed the val
leys with rushing torrents of flood
water"! Even hilltop trenches are
more than ankle deep in water. Others
are knee deep in icy cold slush.
The Sammies keep unceasingly at
their war work, charging thru seas
of mud or standing watch with the
shiver-producing water pouring over
their leggings.
Battalions marching from their bil
lets to the training ground are fre
quently compelled to wade almost
knee deep at places where the water
has overflowed the roads.
Close Theaters, Saloons, Mon
days, Tuesdays and 10 P. M.
Most Drastic Order on Lighting
in Entire Nation.
Kansas City, Mo.. Jan. 18. Kansas
City is going to be a mighty hard place
for the Zeppelins to locate, with the
orders promulgated by he Missouri
fuel administration effective tonight.
All places of amusement and saloons
must close all day Mondays and Tues
days and at 10 o'clock every other
night until further notice.
Every light in the city, not absolute
ly necessary to the carrying on of vi
tal industries must be turned off at 6
o'clock every night and inspectors
have been named to cut the wires to
anv person or firm violating the or
ders. Electric sisns. window display
and lighting of all kinds is abolished
and street lights will be reduced to a
Closes All Amusements.
The orders which are effective thru
out the state of Missouri provide t!iat
all restaurants, saloons, theaters
movies, legitimate vaudeville and bur
lesque pool and billiard halls, bowl
ing alleys, dance halls and all other
places of amusement be closed entires
ly on Mondays and Tuesdays and at 10
o'clock at night on other nights.
The order is the most sweeping and
drastic to be taken by any local or
state fuel administrations in the
United States since the serious coal
Order in Kffect Today,
St. L.014U, Jan. 18. Missouri today
prepared to observe the mandate of
its fuel administrator . curtailing
amusements of every nature and im
posing restrictions upon practically
every consumer of coal in the state.
The order became effective at 7 o'clock
this morni.ig. It was designed by Fuel
Administrator Crossley as an aid to
yesterday's drastic regulations by the
federal fuel administration and is
aimed to avert, if possible, an inclusion
of Missouri in the restriction placed
upon industries east of the Mississippi
Amusements of every kind are taboo
after 10 o'clock and on Mondays and
Tuesdays, until further notice, motion
pictures, dance halls, pool and billiard
halls, restaurants except those per
mitted to remain open all night), sa
loons and other places of amusement
will be closed at 7 o'clock when heat
regulations go into effect. Theaters
employing out of town performers are
the only places of amusement allowed
to operate on these two days and then
only until 10 o'clock at night.
Hits Retail Shop. Too.
Restrictions are equally severe upon
retail business places which with the
exception of grocery stores, baker
shops and meat markets, may operate
only between the hours of 7 o'clock a.
m. and 7 o'clock p. m. Office build
ings, must observe the same regula
tions. Electric signs are ilso placed
under the ban. and their use must be
discontinued on every night. Retail
coal, dealers are instructed to show
preference in the delivery of coal to
domestic consumers.
Saloon Men Particularly Oppose Clos
ing Places of Business.
Kansas City, Jan. 18. Protests
against the order of the local fuel ad
ministrator, Walter Lampkin, in which
sweeping restrictions were made
against the use of fuel began here
today. Saloon proprietors were said
to be especially emphatic in urging
that the restrictions be modified. By
the terms of the order saloons and
places of amusement are to be closed
all day on Mondays and Tuesdays and
at 10 p. m., other days.
Mr. Lampkio's order was based up
on the one issued for the state by
Fuel Administrator William Crossley.
At the fuel committees offices it was
said there was no intention at pre
sent to modify the local order which
alo provides drastic restrictions in re
gard to lighting.
American Army -n France Two or
Three IM visions. Says Newspaper.
London, Jan. 18. Commenting upon
the statment made by Secretary of
War Raker before a congressional
committee regarding war preparations,
the semi-official Norddeutsche Allge
meine Zeitung of Berlin, says:
"The American secretary of war
speaks of an American army in
France. There is an American army
in France, but it consists entirely of
woodcutters, railway men and doctors,
except two or three divisions, whose
precious lives are being spared in quiet
places, for behind the front.
Must Keep Soldiers at Home!
"Mr. Baker speaks as if shortly
there would be 1,500,000 Americans in
France. Can the United States spare
such a large number of men? The
answer is no, because a large part of
the army must remain behind for the
protection of the frontiers, the coasts,
the colonies and for other duties of
a political nature.
"The political situation compels the
Vnited states to keep at home the
greater proportion of its army and the
country can at the most put only 400,
600 or 500,000 men into the European
That Is Announcement Made
by Food Administrator.
Mondays and Wednesdays Are
Days To Use Substitutes.
Government Also Will Make
People Buy War Bread.
Allies Badly in eed of Grain
From United States.
Kansas is to encounter further and
more drastic food regulations, dele
gates to the war conference were tol4
today by Walter P lnnes of Wichita,
state food administrator. Mondays
and Wednesdays are both to become
wheatless days. Purchasers of wheat
flour will soon be compelled to buy an
equal amount of substitute flour. More
rigid restrictions are to be required,
lnnes said, to punish the food slacker
and the hoarder.
I. -
Walter p. Innra or Wichita, stale food
lnnes gave the Kansas delegates
little hope of early relief front food
regulations and restrictions. lie said
the present situation warranted more
drastic orders and that two days in
stead of one are to be listed as wheat
less days. In an effort to enforce
observation in homes, the food admin
istration will cotvpcl the purchase of
substitute- flours in equal portions
with wheat .Hour.
Allies Need (irain I dull. v. ,
The United States must send 75
million bushels of wheat to her allies
between, this time and the next wheat
harvest. Inncs said. This supply can
be spared only thru voluntary, or en
forced self denial by the American
people. Innes's speech is especially
significant since he recently attended
a conference of all state administra
tors with Herbert Hoover, federal ad
ministrator, ami representatives of
food administration bureaus of the
allies. He told the convention today
of the new plan for saving the na
tion's wheat supply and practicing
strict . economy that the allies over
seas may be fed.
This is our program
wheat." lnnes said today,
outlined the following policy
to sa v.
Ho then
Cut Down Cereals.
Limiting manufacturers of cream
of wheat, shredded wheat and sim
ilar products by cutting down the sup
ply to 70 per cent of their present
Limiting batteries by requiring them
to use 20 per cent substitute in all
bread and 30 per cent substitute in
Limiting supplies to wholesalers and
grocers, who will in turn limit th
"Laer a rule shall be issued which
will require all householders to put.
chase an equal supply of wheat sub
stitute, with every pound of wheat,"
lnnes raid. "Those substitutes are
corn meal, rice, barley, grits, oats, oat
meal and hominy. The buver can use
all or any of the substitutes to bal
ance his purchasfe of wheat.
"There will be a larger supply of
sugar soon but we still have to curtail
our consumption 10 per cent of nor
mal. "Farmers must work together where
possible to put out more crops and
harvest them. Labor will be freer
notwithstanding the draft because
workmen at the cantonments will be
at home and the large industrial ex
tensions of the last two years are com
plete or nearing completion. If need
ed for the harvest Secretary of War
Baker will give enlisted men furiouehi
so they can come home and help.
High school boys must be organized to
help harvest."
Kansas farmers I'nion Commends
Price Flxinjr and Farm Banks '
Wichita, Jan. 18. The following
officers were elected by the Kansas
Farmers union which adjourned its
annual convention here today:
Maurice McAuliffe, S'alina, presi
dent: K. K. Woodman. Centralia. vice
president; K. B. Roadhouse, Osborne,
secretary; Willis D. Beller. Itussel,
treasurer; W. G. Swanson. Vliets, lec
turer; John Sheel, Kmporia. conduc
tor. Resolutions Indorsing the govern
ment's policy of price fixing, the gov
ernment ownership of public utilities
and the federal land bank plan were

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