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The Topeka state journal. [volume] (Topeka, Kansas) 1892-1980, January 19, 1918, POSTSCRIPT, Image 1

Image and text provided by Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, KS

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82016014/1918-01-19/ed-1/seq-1/

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JJOW If Henry Alloc cun mukc
Iicu In Kuroiic as lie hu done In
Kaunas politics!! '
VyKATHKR FORECAST for Kansas:
Fair tonight and Sunday. Con
tinued cold for several days.
POSTSCRIPT
TOPEKA, KANSAS, SATURDAY EVENING, JANUARY 19, 1918 SIXTEEN PAGES
THREE CENTS
RAIL CRISIS IN
MIDWEST GAINS
GOV'T ATTENTION
McAdoo Decides To Use Pas
senger Engines for Freight-
LEADS WOMEX IX
WAR RELIEF WORK.
SNOW, WIND, ICE
INTERFERE WITH
NEW FUEL ORDER
Winter Storm Handicaps Move
ment of Coal to Seaports.
-
Ice Fioes in Harbors Slow Up
Fuel Transfer to Ships.
OLD WAR HORSES
BURY HATCHET IN
ALLEN MEETING
eer Was There Such a Love
Feast of Ancient Enemies.
M'ADOO READY STREET BATTLE '
TO DROP SHORT ! OPENING EVENT
LINE RAILROADS RUSS CONGRESS
Finds They're "ot Seeded by Red Guards Open Fire on 1'a
Gov't in War Emergency. " rade, Killing Five.
iJUX OX WHEEL
SIGHTS AIRMEN
ABOLISH GERMAN
LANGUAGE IN KAN.
PRIMARY GRADES
Teach Nothing but Mother
Tongue to Young Americans.
Propose Cutting Off Half Pas-i
senger Service for 2 Days, j
GETTING FUEL RELIEF IN EAST I
i
Coal Reaching Ships Faster
Than It Has in Weeks.
But in West Only 20 to 40 Per
Cent Normal Freight -Moving.
Washington, Jan. 19. A steadily in-
creasing, flow of coal to ships, homes j
a-.c public Vitalities was reported to j
the fuel administration today as a re
sult of the second day's enforcement J
of the fuel restriction order. Appar-j
ently the railroad congestion had not j
yet been much affected by the order, j
jut milder weather conditions had im-j
proved "be situation in the ea-st and at !
fie sane time bad weather paralyzed ',
traffic again In the middle west.
iiusiness interests today seemed to :
feel better toward the government's
action and hundreds of telegrams ,
jeached the White House and the fu ;
administrate i assuring the govern- '
i..ent of co-operation and a willinsne.su
to undergo sacrifices as a patriotic,
duty.
t'oul for Ships and Homes.
Coal was reported today reaching,
the seaboard in greater volume than
at ..ny time in the last few weeks. The
niovi merit, if kept up, it was declared. .
vi 1 make it possible to bunker and (
st nil out all snips no, neiu in inu
lack of fuel. Homes and public utili
ties were receiving supplies of fuel
divei ted from the industries closed
down The diversion was delaying de
livery and unloading and slowing up
the mow merit of empt cars back to
the mines. Coal production for the
next few days probably will be far
bcb.w normal but fuel administration
officials exp 'Ct it to increase as soon
as te fb-w of empties is under way.
The railroad situation in the mid
dle west wa:j so serious that Secretary
McAdoo. director general of the rail
roads, decided to cut passenger train
schedules to release locomotives for
freight. It was suggested to Secre
tary McAdoo, that about half of the
present passenger trains there be sus
pended for two days, to release loco
1.10 !v'H, etc. ,
At the same time, the railroad ad
ministration was rushing locomotives
out of repair sho)4 and from rail
roads in the west to help get trains
thru the heavy snow drifts in states
along the Ohio river. The railroads
ot the middle west were reported
moving only from 20 to 40 per cent !
or .their normal freight.
W'luirf Contortion Still Had.
Congest. on on wharves along the
Atlantic seaboard, officials said, will
continue until ships are bunkered and
net free. The shipping board and the
war and navv departments turned I
their attention to speeding up loading
ur, unKements una periecting a plan
lor more ethciency in loading and un
loading. '1 1. eaters today won their appeal for
a modification of the closing order to
permit them to remain open on the
Monday holidays and close Tuesdays.
After requests from the shipping
b ara, the fuel administration today
ruled that lumber nulls, working on
emergency fleet contracts, are exempt j railroad employes may be created if
from the order, hut at the same time it I the wage adjustment board, an
refissfd to exempt a long list of in- nounced by McAdoo is allowed "to be
dustries which government officials come a mere puppet in the director-
wanted excepted because they are de
clared to be working on war orders.
He ports of violations of the order
rpached the luel administration today.
These were turned over to the depart
ment of justice for investigation.
Relic' In Indiana Field.
1 ndianai-olis, Jan. 1 9. As a result
of Fuel Administrator Oar I ield's or
der, considerable relief from the CQal
shortage is already in sight for In
dianapolis. Reports reaching here
late last nicht were that several hun
dred car loads of coal were moving to
Indianapolis from the Indiana coal
fields, the fuel having been diverted
from factories which were closed un
der the administrator's order.
Traffic congestion is being rapidly
cleared up in the state.
New Knglanil Observing Order.
Boston, Jan. 19. New England in
dustries except those exempted, con
tinued today to observe the federal
closing order with no reports of viola
tions. PT.AX WORKS IX CHICAGO.
Ttioii?aiid of Cars of Coal Being Un
loaded Only Few Violations.
Chicago. Jan. 19. The transporta
tion and fuel situation in Chicago and ' sible, to determine v hat railroads or
the middle west improved in the first parts of railroads are needed by the
24 hours Of Fuel Administrator Gar- j government, and to notify the carriers,
field's conservation order, railroad and j That is now in progress,
coal company officials reported today. ; "As. to railroads taken over. corn
Railroad traffic, which has been i pensation is provided under the law
prostrated by the excessive demands ! we are goir to pass. As to those out-
upon it during the last eight months,
was able to throw orr some of the
old burdens, under relief from new
ones, officials declared. Congested
freight yards were being cleared as
The greater part of the tremendous ;
(Continued on Page Two.
...linirt 11 rT ntimnil meni s aesire to treat sman as wen as
WHO S NEXT UnAlnmAN ibiff roads as a possible
IWiiw w Mi"j2 as ar aa is compatible with public
use and interest. All the lines exclud
Repiiblicaiw Discussing Successor for led from government control ought to
Katlonul lAWier Wilcox l&aijrns. T be kePt oing. encouraged and treated
by the government with utmost fair-
New York. Jan. 19. Several names j ness and consideration."
were mixed in rumors today as poli- i ,
ticians guessed on a possible successor j Man cts ost.
to William R. Wlllcox, chairman of Kansas City, Jan. 19. James F.
the national Republican committee, Holden, vice president, in charge of
who resigned. traffic for the Kansas City Southern
Favor leaned toward K. A. Hert of railway, today was appointed super
Kentucky, with a number of strong visor of transportation and traffic for
Republicans supporting John T. ! the federal shipping board, according
Adams of Iowa. The name of Will H. s to a telegram from Washington re
Hv of Indiana also ts mentioned. reived at the offices of the -road here.
Willcox becomes a member of the The appoir.t--ient was made by Secre
railway wage commission. Jtury McAdoo.
Mrs. Ben Johnson.
Whatever the fate " or future
status of the interstate commerce
commission, the war relief associa
tion it fostered in Washington will
po right on with its work. The as
surance comes from Mr... ben John
eon wife of the Kentucky congress
man She and the wives of the com
mission members hve boosted the
membership to 4(10 in two months'
time and in the association rooms
furnished by the commission the
hundreds of women work daily The
icope of the work :s that of similar
oreanizations the making of hos
pital supplies and knitting for
French and Belgian refugee children
80(PBABY LINES"
, t
Comprise List 3lcAdoo Would
. Drop From Gov't Control.
De Bernard, pf Orient Line
Says It Means Disaster.
Washington, Jan. 1 9. Approxi
mately eight hundred of these small
roads, representing $1,000,000,000 in
vestment, are in the "twilight zone"
of control, the senate committee was
told todfiy during its examination of
Secretary McAdoo. He insisted that
inasmuch as the direction of these
roads hiid not yet been disturbed by
government control, the government
was not liable tor any compensation
to those roads turnea nacK.
Clifford Thorne, former Iowa rail
road commissioner, before the house
interstate commerce committee, de
clared McAdoo had too much power
and urged that authority to fix rates
be left with the interstate commerce
commission
The time may come," he said.
"when it will be necessary to abolish
our institutions to abolish courts, the
constitution and even congress itself
and to put all power in the hands of
one man, but that timje is not .yet."
Cites Danger of Control.
Thorne made the following points
of warning:
That a vast political machine among
generol's hands.
That the efforts of the railroads to
make government operation distasteful
must be guarded against.
That the guaranteeing of returns
may remove all incentive ito .render
the most efficient service.
That great injury may come to
American business thru the juggling
of freight rates.
A. De Bernardi of Kansas City, gen
eral manager of the "Orient" one of
the small lines claimed McAdoo's
policy of "ditching" the "baby roads'
will greatly decrease the efficiency of
the national transportation system.
"It means only financial disaster for
many of the small roads that have
neen struggling aiongror years irying
tified. "The roads under government
control would naturally receive gov
ernment preference.
"Kvery railroad system, no matter
how great it is, is somewhat depend
ent o the sma.ll railroad, no matter
I how small it is. The government
should take over all the railroads or
none of the m. If given their fair
share of business the small roads will
not be a burden to the government.
-McAdoo said it was the duty of the
director general, as quickly as pos
side it seems to me an injury is
matter for the courts to determine. T
don't believe the law should require
compensation torailroads whether the
government needs them or not.
Keep All lanes oinr.
'."There is no disposition to rip any
body up the back. Its the govern
ment s desire to treat small as well as
STATE DICTATORS PUZZLED
I Brunt of Garfield's Order Falls
on His Subordinates.
Many More Industries Secretly
Exempted From Idleness.
BY ROBERT J. BENDER.
Washington, Jan. 19. The giant
task of smashing freight congestion at
ports and functions to release supply
ships went on full blast today. The
work made simpler by the Garfield
fuel restriction order was countered,
however, by the enemy snow, ice and
wind in the central and Atlantic
states.
j Ice floes in ports slowed up trans
; fer of coal to ships. Winter storm
; waves attacked the movement of thou
; sands of coal cars trying to get "over
; the top" in their drive for the sea
i board
j The National railroad struggled
! valiantly on. Officials were confident
i that with everybody in on the play,
it would succeed.
! President Wilson's official endorse
ment of the CJarfield order had swept
aside much of the bitter criticism
which first marked the five day in
dustrial shutdown, particularly in view
of more and more exemptions.
Thousands Return to Work.
Hundreds of industries and thou
sands of workmen still idle by the
suspension regulations, watched the
government's struggles philosophi
cally. Comparatively few reports were
made of business defying the Gar
field order. Told by President Wilson
that the move was necessary and must
be carried out, industry and labor ac
cepted their duty patriotically.
Hundreds of thousands of workmen,
however, and scores of industries, who
first believed they were to remain idle,
found themselves today allowed to
continue. In addition to the an
nounced exemptions from application
of the Garfield order, there are many
I more removed from the regulations
i whose identity is kept secret. The
' purpose o- concealing these industries
1 is to prevent an influx of increasing
numbers of demands, for release.
StJU Vast Confusion.
There is still vast confusion of
operation of the Garfield order in in
dividual cases.
State fuel- administrators, however,
occupy a crucial position in the
scheme of fuel control and power is
j granted t all these to supply relief to
any establishment when tnis is neces
sary to prevent injury to health or
destruction to property by fire and
freezing. x
They are charged with the more im
portant duty of enforcing the order
in all its details. Rulings regarding
the provisions of the order are made
for the most part at the national head
quarters but the state fuel adminis
trators working thru county and local
administrators have the more impor
tant work of diverting all such fuel
as arrives in their communities to es
sential needs in the order of prefer
ence stated in the order.
Priority IJst Stands.
Confusion regarding the period dur
ing which the list of preferred uses is
effective was reported in some quar
ters today.
It was stated at the fuel adminis
tration that Section 1 of Doctor Gar
field's regulation establishes the order
of preference in the distribution of
coal. This order remains in effect
until it is rescinded by Doctor Gar
field. Complaints Continue to Pour In.
By this order, even after the five
days closing has been concluded the
system of priorities now in eftect may
continue until the work of clearing
away congestion is completed. In dis
tricts which had been under suspen
sion during the five-day period indus
tries may resume operation if they
have coal on hand. Those that have
not stand small chance of getting fuel
at this time.
Congress passed into its third day as
a depository for telegraphic and writ
ten complaints from "back home."
The corridors and cloak rooms and
even the chambers themselves still
ring sharply with criticism of the Gar
field order. But the situation has
reached the point now where the leg
islators are looking to the future for
hope of venting their wrath on meas
ures which may be presented later.
Appeals to Employers.
Despite the tremendous economic
upheaval caused by the industrial sus
nonoinn order, onlv isolated cases of
hdisturbance or suffering was reported
today. Further indirect appeals were
made to 'manufacturers to relieve the
burden of the suspension from the
shoulders of the workers by not stop
ping their pay. All fuel administra
tors -were sent the following telegram
by Garfield today:
"Will you kindly give public ex
' Continued on Page Two
T. R. ASSAILS GARFIELD
Roosevelt Protests Against Fuel Re
striction Order.
New York. Jan. 19. Colonel Roose
velt protested against the federal fuel
administrator's . fuel restriction order
in en address here today.
He also declared that the Sherman
anti-trust law should be repealed dur
ing the present emergency in which
i tne government iwn,u m .i..iclvt u
in its operation- of railroads. Roose
velt said he did not oeueve tne gov
ernment should have taken Over the
railroads. ;
The colonel spoke to the league for
political education. He denounced
pacifists, declaring they did not avert
1 var but merely averteil preparedness
for war. - A
Men Who Have ot Spoken in
Years Shake Hands Again.
ALBAUGH WITH WHITE, DAVIESi
DoIIey and Fitzpatriek; Ingalls
and PhilbladAU Make Up.
Practically Every County in
State Vas Represented Here.
Old war horses of Kansas politics
never saw such party gathering as the
Republican leaders staged for Henry
J. Allen at the National hotel. Vet
eran friction leaders who had not
spoken in years shook hands right
out in front of the big crowd and
buried the hatchet. Leaders who had
not agreed on a candidate for nomina
tion in twenty years stood on a com
mon ground for Allen for governor.
Practically every county in the state
was represented. Only the size of the
hall limited the crowd which volun
teered to make Allen's campaign while
he takes cheer and comfort and hope
and care to the American soldiers
Kansas soldiers in France. Tele
grams came Oom a score of leaders
who thru sic ness or absence from
the state or thru business engage
ments could not come to the meeting.
The fights of the stand pats, the pro
gressives, the reactionaries and the
boss busters were forgotten by men
who carried animosities thru years of
political strife. There was just one
cause ,in that meeting. That was
Henry J. Allen's cause.
White and Albaugh "Shake".
"We have spit on the slate," was
the characteristic and expressive dec
laration of William Allen White,
veteran progressive as he shook hands
with Morton Albaugh, veteran stand
patter after the meeting. And that
(Continued on Page Three)
MAYPICK CARVER
Kansas Considers Him for Head
of Agricultural College.
Harvard Educator Is a Big
College Man,
Dr. Thomas Nixon Carver, head of
the department of political economy.
Harvard university, is being consi
dered by the Kansas state board of
administration for the presidency of
the Kansas State Agricultural college
at Manhattan, it was learned today.
Doctor Carver is in Topeka as a
speaker before the Kansas war con
ference and delivered addresses at ses
sions held Friday. He also spoke be
fore the educational council of the
Kansas teachers. It was the impres
sion he made combined with" his ex
cellent record as an educator, agricul
tural expert and writer on economics,
that is causing the board of adminis
tration to consider him, it is said, as
one of the most likely men in the
country for the head of the Sunflower
institution. m fc
Is Native of Iowa.
Doctor Carver is an Iowan. His
elementary education was obtained in
Iowa public schools and from 1882 to
1886 he was a student at Iowa Wes
leyan university. His A. B. degree was
obtained at the University of Southern
California in 1891. He took more hon
ors and higher degrees at Cornell and
John Hopkins. From 1894 to 19 00
he was professor of economics at
Oberlin college, and from 1900 to 1302
was professor of political economy at
Harvard. From 1902 to 1913 he was
director of rural organization rvrvice
for the United States department of
agriculture. During the next year he
acted as advisor in agricultural econ
omics for the department. He is a
member of the Fellow Royal Econ
omics society, London; the American
academy of arts and sciences and was
secretary and treasurer of the Ameri
can economics association from 1909
to 1913.
As a clubman he is affiliated with
the Twentieth Century club-, Boston,
and the Oakley country club.
His various literary efforts and
writings have brought him considera
ble prominence, especially in the field
of economics. His is the author of
"The Distribution of Wealth," "Sociol
ogy and Social Progress," "Principles
of Rural Economics." "The Religion
Worth Having," "Essays in Social
Justice." and also articles on econo
mic subjects and in various reviews.
Doctor Carver's home is at 7 Kirk
land Road. Cambridge, Mass.
GET AN JMU)00 TIP
Bandits Visit Waiters Clnb and Pur
loin Gamblers Pot.
Minneapolis. Minn.. Jan. 19. Per
sons who suspected waiters of profit
eering on tips, were relieved today by
a statement that the Waiters' Union
club rooms entertains others than
waiters.
Bandits raided the place and got
$11,000. The bandits interrupted a
game and copped the pot
BOLSHEVIKl" WITHDRAW
Fight Gets So Hot In Russ Congress,
Lenin e's Party Quits.
London, Jan. 19. The Bolshevik
members of the constituent assembly
and those belonging to the left wing of
the Social RevDlutionists withdrew
from the constituent assembly in Pet
rograd at its first' meeting, according
to a Russian wireless report of the
session received today.
"If Some Interests Get Hurt Sensational Rumors That Coun
They'll Have To Stand It." ter Revolution Brewing. ,
M'ADOO CALLED BEFORE PROBE
Senate Investigating Commit
tee Wants Explanation.
Will Dig Into His Plans for
Gov't Running Railroads.
Washington. Jan. 19. Director
Genera! McAdoo was summoned be
fore the sonate interstate commerce
committee today to explain the opera
tion of government administration of
railroadM.
Mr. McAdoo said that certain so
called short line railroads would be
released from government operation as
soon as investigations now under way
determine it was not necessary".
In explaining the purpose of the ad
ministration railroad legislation, Di
rector General McAdoo said he did not
propose to keep control of any un
necessary lines nor have the govern
ment compensate those not taken over.
'As far as I can see after three
weeks' preliminary investigation," said
Mr. McAdoo, "1 don't contemplate
taking over any roads not necessary
for the government's war purposes,
and if some interests necessarily get
hurt by it they will have to stand it."
May Take Canals Too.
Director McAdoo said that if it
should develop that operation of can
als was necessary they might be tak
en over. He added that operation will
also be extended to inland waterways.
Can't Pay for Imaginary Injuries.
Director General McAdoo was told
b;- senators that small independent
short lines feared bankruptcy if the
government took control of the large
trunk lines and that the government
should take over all railroads-, large
or small.
"I can't tell you," McAdoo replied
"what will be essential for the pur-
j poses of the war. The treasury, al-
icauy uvcrDurueiHfu. can l ue cncu
upon to reimburse for real, imaginary
or indirect lnury. I don't think the
government should draft into its serv
ice a needless railroad any more than
it should draft a cripple into h mili
tary service. There is no intention to
do any injustice to the shors lines.
They will be helped as far as possible
consistent with the needs of the na
tion." Chairman Smith suggested that the
short lines are in a difficult situation
because of sudden transition of the
transportation systems from a com
petitive to a controlled basis.
Are Hollering Before They're Hurt!
"It seems to me," McAdoo replied,
"that the short lines are hollering be
fore they're hit. The bill ought to
provide compensations of railroad
only that are really used and injured."
"Do you consider these short lines
are part of the continental system?"
asked Senator Smith. t
I would consider them so," ; Mr.
McAdoo replied,, "if they form a part
of the system utilized for war neces
sities. I have assumed that the bill
will not deal specifically with ques
tions as to what should or should not
be taken over by the government un
der the president's proclamation.
IS ENVIABLE RECORD
Sirs. 1,. K. Thorpe Sunday School Su
perintendent for 31 Years.
At the annual election of the Sun
day school officers of the Walnut
Grove M . E. church Friday night,
Mrs. L. E. Thorpe, former police ma
tron, was elected superintendent of
the primary department for the thirty-first
consecutive year. This is a
record that few Sunday school work
ers in the state can boast and a com
mittee was appointed to drait resolu
tions thanking: Mrs. Thorpe for her
long and faithful service. Many To
pekans who are now grown men and
women, in business and at the heads
of families, were taught their first
Sunday school lessons by this well
known Topeka charity worker.
Other officers elected at the Friday
night meeting for the ensuing year
are. J. H. Mills, superintendent; T. J.
Blank, assistant superintendent; L. G.
Thorpe, adult dept.; Miss Eva Grice,
intermediate dept.; E. W. Vale, junior
dept.; Mrs. Baker, beginners' dept.;
Mrs. E. Hemus, cradle roll; Mrs. J.
E. Griest, home dept.; M. C. Nay6r,
missions; W. E. Haverfield, secretary.
Miss Ruth Livitzer. pianist; Earl
Orr, librarian.
JUMP IN THE0CEAN
That Is Sunday's Advice to the Kurt
Saving Objectors.
Washington, 'jan. 19. "If I were
one of the hundreds of millions' of
people who are growling because they
were told to stop burning fuel a little
while, I would drown my growl in a
gurgle off the end of a dock," Billy
Sunday told his congregation here Fri
day night.
Thtre were only 149 trail hitters.
Many of these were girls of from 12
to 16 years old., Billy's voice was in
bad shape.
KAISER AID T0CZAR
But Request to Take Russian Royal
Family to Germany Rejected.
Petrograd, Jan. 19. Russian dele
gates at Brest-Ii to vsk refused request
of the Germans that the . Bolsheviki
government not place any obstacles in
the way of a Journey to Germany by
the ex-empresa of Russia and other
members of the imperial family who
are related -to the kaiser, according to
the newspaper Novayajizn today.
KtjHENSKY SAID TO BE IN CITY?
Former Kerensky Minister Is
President of Assembly.
iBolsheviki Guards With Ma
! chine Guns Command Scene.
. Petrograd. Jan. 18 (delayed via
London, Jan. 19). Five persons were
killed and a dozen wounded in a street
battle today coincident with opening
of the constituent assembly.
The city bristled with fighting
forces, including a large number of
troops brought to the capital by the
Bolsheviki after formal announcement
of discovery of a counter revolution
ary plot which, it was believed, was
headed by Former Premier Kerensky.
Kerensky himself was reported to
be in hiding in Petrograd.
" The constituent assembly opened at
4 o'clock in the afternoon.
The fighting in the down town
streets occurred Just prior to this.
Among those killed in the rioting
was M. Logvinoff of the executive
committee of the peasants' congress.
The wounded included many women.
Versions of how the rioting started
differ. The most coherent story was
that a procession of the Society for
Defense of the Constituent Assembly
was attacked by the Bolsheviki (Max
imalists) and their banners destroyed.
A command to troops to fire their
guns into the air resulted in a general
hail of machine gun fire and rifles
but not all of the bullets were shot
harmlessly toward the sky.
M. Tchernoff, a Social revolution
ary, and former minister of agricul
ture under Kerensky, was elected
president of the constituent assembly
by a vote of 244 against 155 polled
by Spiridonowa, a former duma leader.
Kerensky Hiding In City?
Petrograd. Jan. 18 (delayed via
London). Discovery of a counter
revolutionary plot to overthrow the
Bolsheviki, probably under leadership
of Former Premier Kerensky, was an
nounced by the city Bafety commis
sion today while the Bolsheviki con
centrated strong forces of troops in
the city.
The commission's proclamation de
clared Kerensky had arrived secretly
in the city and was in hiding there.
The revolt, according to the procla
mation, is planned to center around
Friday's meeting of the constituent
assembly. The mutineers, it was as
serted, hoped to turn demonstrations
in favor of the assembly into an open
battle against the Trotzky-Lenine gov
ernment. Kerensky was to lead such
an uprising.
City Heavily Guarded.
Extra guards were scattered around
Smolny institute, headquarters of the
Bolsheviki. which bristled with ma
chine guns and armored cars. The
central telephone office was barri
caded. The proletariat in several sec
tions of the city was served with a: ms
and ammunition. Four hundred sail
ors arrived from Kronstadt and Hel
singfors. The tumon spread thruout the city
that Kerensky was somewhere in hid
ing in Petrograd with two of his for
mer lieutenants, M. Savinkoff, former
ly minister of war, and Filonenko
once Social Democratic leader in he
duma.
The workmen's and soldiers' central
soviet issued formal orders to all
workmen that they remain at their oc
cupations on Friday and decreed mo
bilization of all soldiers in tne various
armories. Its proclamation declared
every effort of any person or organi
zation to assume the functions of gov
ernment will be regarded as a ciunt-r-revolutionary
move." .-
th day. Is the day s-for meeting of
the constituent assembly.
UOLSI1KVIKI OlTXlMBEItEU!
Mrst Test in Russia., Congress Shows
Majority Against Lcnille.
Petrograd, Jan. 18. (Delayed)
(By the Associated Press.) The long
delayed constituent assembly was
opened today. On the first test of
strength the Bolsheviki were de.eated
by the social - revolutionists. M.
Tchernoff, minister of agriculture in
the Kerensky government and the
nominee of the social-revolutionists or
the right for chairman of the assembly
was elected by a vote of 244 to 151
The candidate of the Bolsheviki was
Maria Spiridonovo, long a prominent
revolutionist, who was released from
exile in Serbia after the overthrow of
the Romanoffs.
The opening of the assembly was set
for nooh but a controversy over regis
tration caused delay until 4 o'clock.
Slightly more than 400 members were
in their seats. Of these the Bolsheviki
and the social-revolutionists of the
fCoDtinud on Paue Two.)
ASK KAISERJO PAY IT
Claim That Kmrland Pay for IT-Boat
. I, oss Not Accepted.
London, Jan. 19.- Arthur J. Bal-:
four, British foreign minister. In re-:
plying to the claims of the Nether-!
lands government for damages be- j
cause of the sinking of one Dutch
steamer and the damaging of another
while the latter was being salvaged by
the British navy thru the attacks of
German submarines and while they
were being escorted to a British port,
declares that the claim should be
made on Germany. Mr. Balfour adds:
"I am constrained to say that this
action of a neutral nation which ap
parently accepts without protest the
proceedings of German submarines in
such a case as this and con fines its
efforts to presenting claims for such
acts to the British government is. In
our opinion, inconsistent with the ob-
1 ligations of neutrality."
Looking for enemy fliers.
This is possibly the most ingeni
ous device of the many that have
been devised to remote the menace
of attacks by enemy aircraft The
British official photo shows a novel
adaptation of the light machine pun
to anti-aircraft work. .A wheel is
fixed to a pole and the fcun attached
to the rim of the wheel so that it
points almost straight up and can be
speedily swung to any position to
keep the speeding plane in range.
FREfOlRIDE HIS
Driving Cows and . Washing
Dishes Wins Her Heart,
Romantic Iowan Then Draws
60 Days for Running Away.
s BY J. W. PEGLER.
With' the American Army in France,
J;.n. 19. She is studying English; he
is spendin ? all his spare time learning
to parley Francais especially in the
evenings in - the barracks when the
others have crawled into their bunks
and blown out their candles.
You see, he and she were married a
week ago in the ancient village
church. It was a' whirlwind court
ship. He won her heart, over a hand
some young poilu, native of the same
village. The groom he is a first class
American fighting man met her in a
I muddy village street one night and
helped her drive in a dozen fractious
cows. The next night he called at
her home, donned an apron and help
ed wipe the supper dishes.
Just a week ago the Sammy skipped
away from his regiment with a couple
of friends and found her waiting with
her father at the village church. The
village priest soon tied the interna
tional knot. Returning dutifully' to
camp, the bridegroom was arrested for
leaving then quarantined for a few
cases of the mumps.
The happy groom drew sixty days
labor with a wood chopping company.
It was a hard come-down from -his
. soft berth with a headquarters com-
pany but the vision of his brunette
! bride, with her flashing black eyes
waiting in the little farm village, re
lieves the Sammy's long hours of
back-breaking labor.
The United Press correspondent saw
him last night in barracks. I found
him lying on a bunk with a sputtering
candle burning above his pillow, labor
iously parsing French verbs Jn the
flickering dancing light.
"A bride like her Is worthy sixty
years of wood chopping," said he.
"Her name's Louise. She's 18 and the
daughter of the village harnessmaker.
I'm 20 and I live at Cedar Grove,
Iowa. I'm just a-rearin' to go to the
trenches. After the war I'm going to
take my wife back to Cedar Grove,
where dad owns a big farm."
, WILL CONTINUE COLD
i '
Few Temperature Changes Here Dur
ing the Next Few Days.
Temperature readings for the day
furnished by the local office of the
United States weather mireau:
7 o'clock. ... 8 I 11 o'clock 16
8 o'clock 8 12 o'clock.... 16
9 o'clock 9 I 1 o'clock 17
10 o'clock r13 I 2 o'clock 18
At 2 o'clock this afternoon the wind
wps blowi.ijs twelve jniles an hour
from the northwest. The tempera
tures for the day averaged 12 degrees
below normal Tor the date.
No sudden break in the tempera
T (Continued on fnge Two.l "
WEST MEET 0N FUEL
Coul AitmlniMtrators of Six States to
Confer at Kiuihuh City, Monday.
Kansas City. Jan. 19. Fuel admin
iptrators of Iowa, Nebraska, Kansas,
Oklahoma and Arkansas will meet
: Wallace Crossley, Missouri Fuel ad
ministrator here next Monday to work
out a-plan for re-districting the coal
distributing machinery in those states,
Mr. Crossley announced today.
I One proposal to be discussed ac
cording to Mr. Crorsley, is that the
southern Illinois coal fields be placed
under the direction of the Missouri
administrator, making it possible to
supply St. Louis entirely from those
fields, and releasing to Kansas City,
rmuch of the fuel from Missouri fields
' now absorbed by St. Louis.
That Is Recommendation Made
by Educational Council.
ASK LEGISLATURE FOR LAW
Parochial as Well as Public
Schools Must Comply. .
Chancellor Strong Leads Fight
'Against Anti-Patriotism.
Drastic steps to thwart promotion
of Prussian aims and propaganda in
Kansas public, private and, parochial
tlementary schools were taken today
by the educational council of the Kan
sas State Teachers' association at the
council's closing meeting here. Reso-s
lutions condemning the use of any
tongue other than the English lan
guage for the teaching of subject on
elementary courses of study in jl
schools, public private or parochial,
were adopted.
In order that the resolution may
become a law it was referred to the
laiHnifLtiv committee of the council
and that body was instructed to shape
it into the form of a legislative meas
ure and inject it into the next Kansas.
legislature. Also, ir tne recommenua
tions in the resolution are carried out.
private and parochial schools will be
placed under the control of the state
board of education and the state fle
partmet would be empowered to see
that "readin', writin' and 'rithmettc"
are taught in good, approvable King's
Knclish and not in German, French or
Polish.
Strong I-cails FlRlit.
The figh'. against the use of foreign
language, especially German, as a ve
hicle for instruction in elementary
schools was led by Chancellor Frank
Strtong. Kansas university. It was
pointed out by the chancellor that
there are private and parochial
schools, and even public elementary
schools, in Kansas where classes study
in German. He decried further exist
ence of the-e groups and declared tnat
if the nation is to be united therf. must
be fewer Little Italies. Little Ger
manles. Little Kussias and a larger
America;
"1 am not condemning the teaching
of German in colleges and preparatory
schools," said the chancellor, who of
fered a cool headed explanation of his
stand. "I believe that Americana
should know German, have a betier
understanding of the country. Its peo
ple and language. We have to hove
the German language for after this
war we will have to whip Germany
again economically.
"However, there are groups in Kan
sas where nothing is used in instruct
ing pupils but the German language.
This must Rtop if we are to be united.
This frames the minds of juveniles
and injects Into them the Prussian
spirit and aims and is an excellent
opening for German propaganda."
' Check on Patriotism.
T. W. Butcher, Kmporia. asserted
that in communities where German is
used exclusively or partially in schools,
patriotism is not at the highest.
"I have always noticed," he said,
"that there are less liberty bonds
bought and smaller Hed Cross sub
scriptions In these communities. We
are cheapening American citizenship
by allowing this condition of affairs to
exist."
After further discussion of the
problem by delegates, H. L. Kent. H.
B. Wilson and W. S. Heusrie.- were
appointed a committee to draft th
resolution forbidding the use of for
eign languages in instructing elemen
tary classes. The committee also sub
mitted a resolution leaving the matter
of teaching German in Junior and sen
ior high schools to the decisio.i of lo
cal authorities and pupils.
It was pointed out that it is the
purpose of the resolutions to shape
the -minds of the children while In
grade school along purely American
and democratic lines. The council did
not condemn the teaching of German
in preparatory schools and colleges but
on the other hand the delegates as in
dividuals said they thought It ought
not to be aiiminated for economic rea
sons. .
Discuss IrtpoM-d Oiangt-K.
Appointment of the state superin
tendent of instruction by the state
board of education, a state board of
architecture, a state teachers' employ
ment agency, teachers' pensions and
the county unit for school taxation
Wre placed under the glass at the
closing session of the educational
council. PJana for getting the reforms
thru the next legislature were dis
cussed. A readjustment of the compulsory
educational taws to conform with the
present child labor laws and compul
sory health supervision for all publio
schools were also taken up and dis
cussed as matters that should be
placed before the next legislature.
All the topics have been endorsed
by the general assembly of the Kan
sas State Teacher association, and
were urged upon the coming legisla
ture in resolutions adopted here at the
last convention. The discussion was
directed by members of the legislative
committee comprised of Raymond A.
Kent, Lawrence, H. B. Wilson. To
peka; J. W. Gowans. Winfield; H. M.
ICutler, Emporia, and Miss Elizabeth
Spencer, Emporia. President W. H.
Johnson, Lawrence, presided. "The
Teachers'" War Creed" was given br
Prof. D. M. Bowen, Pittsburg.
Slap at Rons Scheme.
That Kansas teachers have passed
the stage in their organization where
they simply vote as recommended by
an executive committee or a group of
officers was borne out late Friday
afternoon in the meeting at the
Chamber of Commerce. Immediately
after M. E. Pearson. KansasCtty. had
thrown into the meeting a report urg
insf that a board of editors be ap
pointed to help K. L. Pinet shape the
editorial policy of the Kansas Teacher,
a general attack was launched against
the .idea. Pearson's eloquence. Ms
' J (Continued on Pace Twoll 1

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