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The Topeka state journal. [volume] (Topeka, Kansas) 1892-1980, January 21, 1918, HOME EDITION, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82016014/1918-01-21/ed-1/seq-1/

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WEATHKR FORECAST for Kansas:
Cloudy, not so cold, probably
stow in east tonight. Tuesday fair.
yHY not federal control of gas to
meet the fuel shortage In this
section.
TOPEKA, KANSAS, MONDAY EVENING, JANUARY 21, 1918 TEN PAGES
THREE CENTS
HOME EDITION
LITTLE FUEL IS
TO BE SAVED BY
CLOSING ORDERS!
That Is What A. H. Purdy of
Edison Company Says.
Heat Must Be Kept in Office Tragic Affair Just Before Serv
and Store Buildings. ! ices on orth Side.
TOPEKA GOING THE LIMIT J
Orders Morc Here Than!
in Other Cities.
Grocery Stores Open Shorter
Time Than Pool Halls.
A. H. Purdy, superintendent of the
Topeka Kdison company, today said
that the closing order placed in effect
this morning by C. H. Banner, local i
fuel director, would result in the sav- j
ing of but very little coal in the Edi- j
son plant. On the other hand, Purdy
declared the order would work a
hardship on his power plant. j
The Kdison plant furnishes the ma- :
Jority of the steam heat, electric light
and electric power for business houses
affected by Danner's order.
"The order," said Purdy, "takes
away a part of our light and power
load, but we have to carry this load
anyway because we must have the
steam exhaust for heating purposes.
Must Keep Up Heat.
"Cutting down of business hours in
the offices and stores for which we
furnish heat does not lessen to any
extent rfie amourtt of heat demanded.
These offices and stores must have
heat sufficient to keep their inside
at a moderate temperature all the
time or it will be impossiliie to work
In them when they are opened.
"Heat camyH be cut off from these
places because they haven't enough
Hurplus radiation to heat them quick
ly. The buildings we serve cannot be
heated on short notice.
"If the temperature in these build
ings and offices is allowed to get low,
it takes just that much more coal and
steam to get them warm again.
Will Comply WiUi Order.
"Outside of a very small saving, the
order affords, us no relief. I do not
say this to oppose the fuel administra
tion; there is nothing for us Tto do but
take our medicine."
"The Kdisen company's supply of
fuel." Purtiv asserts, is low. However,
the superintendent expects no shut
down .or---trouble unless temperatures,
get extreme.
Reaction on C. H. Danner's hours
of business order shook the local fuel
administration to its very foundation
today. Flaw after flaw in the otfder
was pointed out by Topeka business
men, and grocers held the schedule up
to ridicule as to its justice by point
ing out , that pool halls and cigar
Htores are allowed to keep open two
hours longer every day than food
stores.
Grocery men also pointed out that
Topeka is being asked to do more
than its share, or the remainder of the
United States is playing the role of
slacker. In Kansas City, for in
stance, the fuel administration is al
lowing grocery stores to keep open
from 7 o'clock in the morning until
6 o'clock at night. The hours in To
peka are from 9 to 5.
Hardship on Many.
In comparison vftth the four hours
cut from food store schedules, only
an hour and a half are taken from the
regular business hours of department
store.--.
t .using of the lood stores at 5
o'clock, it was pointed out by Ivan
Dibble of the Dibble grocery stores
today, will work a hardship on a great
nni.ibt-r of laboring men who cannot
get to the stores before 5 o'clock and I
have no one else to send. The- Dibble
stores alone have one distinct squad of
tanta Fe men who buy betwen 5 and
6 o'clock. Early morning deliveries in
time for noon meals, it is said, are
eliminated by the 9 o'clock morning
opening order.
Orders Enforced Strictly.
"The business houses of Topeka
must adhere to the time set for the
closing and opening of their various
businesses," said Fuel Dictator Dan
ner this morning. "Nothing was said
in the order concerning the number
of hcura a business may stay open,
but where the order says 9 to 5 it
means 9 to 5. and not to hours open
from say noon to 8 o'clock. The
hours published as the hours for the
various businesses to run are the hours
when the order is in effect.''
With this statement Danner sent
glimmering the fond hopes of many a
storekeeper and householder of To
peka concerning arrangements where
by they might continue business on
something like the accustomed plan.
For instance, one cigar store and pool
hall owner said that he expected to
open at noon and close at the usual
time. That intention is now in the
discard if the Danner order is conclu
sive. Hits Prink Parlors.
The night closing order will have
the biggest effect on the young sirs of
the city who have been in the habit of
Indulging the ladies of their hearts in
a picture show followed by a session
of soft drinks at one of the popular
soda fountains of the city. This form
ef entertainment is now taboo, except
for the picture show part, for the most
of the fountains are in the drug stores
and the drug store hours close at 7
o'clock. This hits the man who is
accustomed to spending his evenings
in the pool halls and billiard parlors
of the city with eaual tearing effect.
It seems that the housewives and
mothers of the city are due for a
sudden inclination on the part of their
husbands and their young pridefuls to
spend the evenings at home instead
of blossoming like' frozen flowers on
the wind swept and lightless corners
of the city. Ten o'clock is the hour
the pool halls close.
Next in importance!, comes the mem
bers of that family who 'habitually
put off the ordering of the day's sup
plies till the period just before break
fast. From 9 o'clock in the morning
till 5 o'clock in the evening thi- food
(Continued ou Page Two.)
LOVE OVER GIRL
CAUSES MURDER
.IN CHURCH HERE?
16-Year-OId Arthur Keynolds
Shoots Arvy Carrel Sunday.
SOME ONE MED OUT LIGHT
Then Revolver Shot Rang Out
and Lights Came On.
After Hiding Gun, Youth Re
turns to Epworth League.
Jealousy of a north side boy over
the attentions paid by north side girls
to a south side boy is advanced as a
reason for the murder of Arvy Car
rel. 16-year-old son of Mrs. William
Frazier, 135 Tyler street, Sunday
evening in the Epworth League room
of the Kansas avenue Methodist
church. North Topeka. Two hours
after the murder, Arthur Reynolds,
16-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. F. P.'
Reynolds, 1325 North Quincy street,
admitted to Sheriff Hugh Larimer
that he shot and killed the south side
youth.
Arvy Carrel, the boy who was killed.
A box of candy found in the dead
lad's pockets, believed to have been
intended for a youthful north side
sweetheart, gave first rise to the sus
picion i that a "puppy love" affair
caused the shooting. Carrel was
member of the junior high school at
Sumner school and two weeks ago
met the girls present at the Epworth
League meeting at a basket ball game.
One of the girls at the church meet
ing was a fast friend of young Rey
nolds, it is said.
Coroner Marcotte stated that cir
cumstances surrounding the tragedy
were sufficiently mystifying to call for
an inquest. The inquest will be held
at 9 o'clock tomorrow morning in the
court of Topeka.
Lights Went Out.
The young people were in the room
at the time waiting for the Rev. J. B.
Kcheer, pastor, to put in an appearance
and open the meeting. Suddenly, the
lights in the room were turned off by
a switch near the door. In another
instant the young people heard a re
port of a revolver in the room and
saw a flash cross the room, like that
of a fire rocket. In another instant
the room was in a uproar. Probably
in thirty more seconds the light
flashed on as rnysteriously as it had
been turned off.
Carrel was dead with a bullet hole
thru his chest when the lights were
turned on. The bullet had pierced one
of the larger arteries, according to Dr.
O. P. Davis, who lives across the street
and was called in shortly after the
shooting.
Playing Hymn on Organ.
Louisa Holliday, 829 West Gordon
street, was softly playing "Nearer My
God to Thee on the old Epworth
League organ as the lights flashed out.
The sharp report of the revolver in
terrupted the playing of the sacred
hymn in the church, v
Prior to the flashing off ttf the lights
Carrel was sitting across the room
from the switch talking with Reynolds
and Lawrence Plummer, 142 Holman
street, in a friendly way about the bas
ketball game played two weeks ago.
Ray and Ernest Casebier. 1335 North
Quincy street, were standing near the
switch, just opposite a door leading
into the room. Both lads denied turn
ing off the switch -or seeing any one
do it.
He Came Back to Church.
Reynolds and some of the other
boys rushed from the room shortly
after the shooting. Reynolds went to
the home of the murdered boy's moth
er and told her of the tragedy, stop
ping en route to hide the revolver be
hind a billboard just west " of the
Quincy street school. He then returned
to the church.
All the boys and girls were taken to
tne sheriffs office. For a long time
all denied any knowledge of the crime.
Finally, Ray Casebier told the sheriff
Reynolds had hidden a gun. With this
ciue to work on. Larimer finallv forc
ed a confession out of Reynolds. The
youtn claimed the shooting was acci-
iContiuued oo Page Two.)
M'ADOO DOESN'T
WANT GOV'T TO
KEEP RAILROADS
Director General Asserts He
Opposes Gov't Ownership.
Doesn't Say How Long After
War To Be Restored. .
NEED OUTLAY OF BILLION NOW
Advoeates Huge Fund To Es
tablish Highest Efficiency.
Doesn't Want Powers Hampered
by I. C. C. Kate Rulings.
Washington, Jan. 21. A billion dol
lars must be advanced to the railroads
for improvements before they will be
on an effective war basis Director
General McAdoo announced before the
senate interstate commerce commit
tee today. At the same time, McAdoo
came out definitely against govern
ment ownership of the roads.
McAdoo said his survey of the rail
situation has convinced him govern
ment funds must go into the roads to
help them expand.
The government probably will have
to put between $1,000,000,000 and $1,
500,000,000 into the roads to bring
them to the highest state of efficiency
and keep them in that condition in or
der to meet the vital needs of the
war," the director-general said.
Beware Hasty legislation.
He forecast the continuation of
government control for some time
when he said congress should not lim
it government control to any definite
period. If government control is lim
ited to the duration of the war or for
a fixed time afterwards, McAdoo
warned the committee, financial chaos
is likely when the roads are turned
back.
Hasty and ill-considered legislation
now, he said, would be ruinous to
holders of railroad securities when the
government relinquishes control of the
lines.
For this reason, McAdoo urged that
the committee report the pending rail
road bill as written, with the provision
that government control shall con
tinue until congress shall otherwise
order. J
McAdoo'a statement that he does
not believe i? government ownership
was In answer to a question by Sen
ator Watson, Indiana, fan outspoken
foe of government ownership.
"Mr. Secretary, do you believe in
ownership?" asked Watson.
Denounces Gov't Ownership. ,
"J do not," replied McAdoo. "But
I believe it will be impossible to re
turn to competitive conditions as they
were before the government stepped
in. ' 1
"There will have to be a greater
measure of government control and
regulation henceforth than we have
had in the past.
- "And if you now limit the period of
government, you may make impossible
new legislation to meet situations that
may arise.
'We must use our best foresight.
To throw the roads back to private
control with competition destroyed
and with one line carrying business
at the expense of another would be
a grave mistake."
"Do you think the power to fix rates
should be 'taken from the interstate
commerce commission and the vari
ous state commissions?" asked Sena
tor Kellogg.
"When the president is operating
the railroads, I think it extremely un
wise to hamper him in rate fixing
matters to meet any emergency," de
clared McAdoo.
Cites Use of N. Y. Tunnels.
McAdoo cited his recent action in
New York in ordering coal trains
moved thru the Pennsylvania tunnel
as an instance where it was necessary
arbitrarily to set aside local control.
"Freight movement thru the tunnel
is very restricted under the public
service commission," he said. ' If I
had to file an application to move this
freight and wait decision of the com
mission. Long Island people would
have frozen to death," he said.
"That means, then, said feenator
Kelloire. "that the rate fixing during
the war and until congress acts would
be up to one man?'
' "He has the power to do so. He
mav use it." said McAdoo. "He has
a great many powers he doesn't exer
cise," "I haven t heard oi any ne nasn i
exercised," said Kellogg.
McAdoo was asked how long in his
opinion it would be necessary for the
government to retain control of the
lines.
How Long Depends on War.
"That all depends on the length of
the war," replied McAdoo. "If it lasts
six months or a year, the period re
quired to liquidate the roads' affairs
and turn them back will be compara
tively short. But if it lasts three to
five years, the period of liquidation
naturally will be longer. Nobody can
tell ' definitely; that's why congress
should not put a hard and fast limit
on the period of government control."
Approves Three Year Average.
The fact that the government Is
guaranteeing compensation, McAdoo
added, makes it unwise to leave the
state commissions particularly the
right to determine to any degree what
the roads earn.
Arguing that the three-year com
pensation basis is a "fair and reason
able one," McAdoo said:
"In the fiscal year ending June 30,
1917, the net railroad earnings were
$1,035,000,000. The average for the
past three years is about $935,000,000.
"If the government with $100,000,-
000 advantage "hasn't made a fair deal,
1 am frank to say I do not know what
,fair dealing is. -
"You gentlemen must bear in mind
that what you propose you cannot im
pose. Your proposal is merely a sug
gested basis of reaching a compensa-
! tion agreement- :
Ask About I .ate fuel Order.
"The government, must not do a. de-
PIONEER WASTE PAPER PLANT BURNS
6 -
'A f- fs '-. .'S, &
Photo by Wolcott.
Fifteen eirls climbed down the fire escape of the Pioneer Waste Paper
company plant at Ninth and Adams street this morning after a heroic fight
In Lami u f i -., in ii'nutn nnnnr t ,. thinl fl, ,- fav,n tnvMilliiff Piftium
iitAu intra ii pntin fnt-utrv whs kn fliinu.. rinunirp v rin Hnna ihn nnniwi
water into It. It took less than thirty minutes for the plant to fall in flaming garded as the forerunner of bitter par
ruins. , i tisan strife, excoriated partisanship in
DEVISE FUEL PLAN
jfansas and five Neighbor
States in Conference Today.
Will Work Together To Elimi
nate Extra Hauls.
Kansas City, Jan. 21. Plans for re
districting the territory in which they
have jurisdiction co that .coal can be.
more easily distributed were to M
taken up at the meeting here today
of the fuel administration of the plains
states Missouri, Kansas, Iowa, Ne
braska. Oklahoma and Arkansas. The
meeting was called by. H,. A, Garfield
federal fuel administrator. Fuel ad4
ministrators have found that in somi
cases coal has been hauled long dis
tances or across several states to dis
tricts which were supplying- points
back along the line. The object of
the meeting here today is to prevent
this conditior. by arranging that each
district provide for itself.
However, If all these states are
made into one district : there may be
an exception to this proposed rule to
permit Illinois to ship coal to St.
Louis, which obtains almost its entire
supply from that state, and to Kansas
City. Illinois coal being used exclu
sively at the plant producing power
for the street car system and the elec
tric light company.
liberate injustice to the railroads or
anybody else."
McAdoo had no direct hand in the
composition of the Garfield shut down
order to save fuel, he told the com
mittee today.
"Was the Garfield order issued to
help the director general of rail
roads?" asked Senator Watson.
"It was issued, in my opinion, to
help the railroads to deliver coal and
also to help save fuel," said McAdoo.
"Iid you help in its composition?"
asked Watson.
- "I had no hand in its composition,"
said McAdoo, "tho I approved it in
principle."
May Abandon Monday Holiday.
McAdoo also expressed the hope
that it may not be necessary to con
tinue the Monday holidays beyond the
middle of February.
McAdoo said "every once in a while
we have to submit to surgery, -you
know," and declared in his opinion,
the order "will result in more good and
less confusion and trouble than antici
pated." "The order says it is designed to aid
the director general," said Watson.
"It doesn't much matter what the
order says," responded McAdoo, "or
whether it was to help the director
general personally or not. So long as
we attain the results which I believe
will be infinitely more beneficial than
expected, he order was justified.
"I am very much in the hope and
I do not say this merely out of optim
ism with reasonable weather, within
30 days conditions may be such that
we may not need to continue the order
as long as it was issued for."
McAdoo said harbor conditions and
transportation situations are both im
proving and will continue to improve
unless the weather again ties things
up.
Senator Cummins questioned Mc
Adoo at length on his statement that
the old competitive order of things
could never be. restored and tried to
get McAdoo's idea how competition
could be eliminated under private
management.
"You said the old system could nev
er return," said Cummins. "Inas
much as competition is the essential
principle of private ownership why
should the railroads ever go back to
their private owners?"
"I said I thought the return to the
old competitive basis would be impos
sible if government control lasted long
enough. To restore the pre-existing
status, congress would have to legis
late; it would have to legislate with
regard to the new conditions which
will confront us in return of peace,"
said McAdoo.
Cummins Wants Govt Keep Them.
"I believe that," said Cummins, "but
we can't turn the roads back and al
low private owners to operate them
without competition, can we?"
"I don't know." replied McAdoo. "I
think congress can establish the con
ditions under which the roads are to
be returned."
"What you look forward to is that
(Continued on. Page Two.)
msmmmmmmmmmmmm
PAPER PLANT FIRE
Pioneer Factory Totally De
stroyed This Morning.
Fifteen Girls on Third Floor
, Escape the Flames.
It took only thirty ' minutes this
morning: for a man's entire plant,
equipment, supplies and output to go
up in flames, when the Pioneer Waste
Paper company building at Ninth and
Adams streets was totally destroyed
by fire. The loss will not exceed $10,
000. I F. .Setter, the owner, stated as
he Stood watching the firemen playrnjir
useless streams' of water itito the fur
nace. Fifteen girls, working on the third
floor of the building, slid down the fire
escape to safety after they had assist
ed in emptying all the fire extinguish-
ers and doing all in their power to
avert a spread of the flames.
The fire started on the third floor
near one of the shafts where the
bundled paper is sent to the nrst floor,
It was well under control until a piece
of flamine Daoer dronned into the
nanered well. Then the eirls ran for
th tho
V. 'h 1 "
The f building contained 250,000
pounds of paper. Owing to the car
shortage the owner was unable to keep
his stSck down and the plant was
mmX m tho a Wsth
jammed to the doors with waste.
The plant was a frame building,
three stories in height and only par
tially covered by insurance. Frozen
water plugs crippled the effectiveness
Kiftrinpr th contents of the hnildine- '
if it would have been possible to save
the plant if a line was placed thru
every window.
L. F. Setter, only a few years ago,
was a mail carrier at the postofftce.
He hired a negro to collect waste
paper for him. Hia business grew to
such proportions that he found it nec
essary to resign and build a plant. He
has been adding to this investment
for the last seven years until he had
a business that reached to all parts of
the country. He said today that he
did not know of his plans for the fu
ture. No other property in the vicinity
was damaged. If the wind had been
hilars in milling- nrnMrtv wonlH
have been endangered.
. . . .
I Kr A 1 I Wl I H (irKMANY
... - .. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Yew " Russian Republic, Ukrania,
Readies Agreement With Kaiser.
Amsterdam, Jan. 21. The negotia
tions between the central powers and
the TJkranian "people's republic" at
Brest -Litovsk have resulted in an
agreement on the principles of a peace
treaty which is to be concluded and
the war be declared terminated, ac
cording to advices from Brest-TJtovsk
today.
Ukranian's independence has been
recognized by Petrograd, but it had
rr'0f,?:L!;"t0"8aml,aJpa.r:i
delegates that Ukrainian delegates at paraee. ,th'fi co"ess ,f"d thf Present
Brest-Litovsk would act n concert : administration to excite a wider feel
with other Rusian representatives. lng of discontent and lack of'cnfi
Cables last week carried a hint of dence: and sPread the Poison of
the displeasure of Bolsheviki delegates
over the separate peace conferences
which the Ukrainians were holding
witn tne Germans.
Ukrainia occupies parts of Poland,
Lithuania and Courtland.
CORN PLEA FROM KAN.
Governors of Five States Appeal to
Government for Cars to Move Crop.
Washington, Jan. 21. Telegrams
from the governors of Illinois. Indiana,
Iowa, Ohio and Kansas declaring that
unless the corn crop is moved within
the next few weeks much of it will
be lost, were laid before Director Gen
eral McAdoo today by Representative
McCormick, of Illinois, who requested
that a practical railroad man be ap
pointed to take charge of moving it.
HE CALLS T. R.
POTENT AGENT
OF THE KAISER
Senator Stone of Original i
"Kaiser's Dozen" Is Bitter, j
Evidently Fears Roosevelt Will 1
Run for President. j
SMELLS A REPUBLICAN PLOT;
a twir, nn rtnv't Efficiency i
Aliiaiao umm. uv w
Political Camouflage.
Flays Penrose, Chairman, Will
cox and Whole G. O. P. Party.
Washington, Jan. 21. Characteriz
ing former President Roosevelt as "the
most potent agent the kaiser has in
America" and the "most seditious man
of consequence in America." Senator
Stone, addressing the senate today,
charged that Republican leaders are
engaged in a studied effort to malle
politics out of the war? Their object is
to "take the government over .into
their own hands," by partisan criti
cism of the conduct of the war, he de-clai64-L
Senator fetone's address, carefully
prepared, the first or political signif
icance made in congress since
the
United States entered the war and re
the war. Besides uolonel K.ooseveu.
j the Missouri senator named Chairman
i committee and Senator Penrose among
Republican leaders as his "witnesses
to the political plot he alleged. In
vestigations by congress of the war
operations. Senator Stone also de
clared, have almost entirely been
lajunched by Republicans and adroit
ly exploited for partisan purposes.
Citing statements of the Republican
leaders regarding the political plans
and editorials of Colonel Roosevelt,
which he said are "villainous screers,"
published for money. Senator Stone
declared:
Roosevelt War Obstructionist.
"On my responsibility as a senator I
charge that since our entrance -into the
war, Roosevelt by his. attacks on the
government has been a menace and
obstruction to the successful prosecu
tion of the war.
"The only possible effect of these
widely published utterances of this
' man,'' said Senator -Stone,
nas been.
a they were designed to be.- to dis
credit and bring the present goverrv
ment into public disfavor and weaken
its hold on popular confidence. That
seems to be the Rooseveltian standard
of patriotism."
Similar utterances made by less
powerful citizens. Senator Stone as
serted, would subject them., to prosecu
tion for disloyalty.
"Of all men," the Missouri senator
continued, "Roosevelt is most respon
sible for what he den junces. He does
j his propoganda he throws a deceptive
his popaganda he throws a deceptive
i political camouflage. I charere -that
Theodore Roosevelt, whether willingly
or out . or sneer madness I don't
Know is the most potent agent the
1 cannof esT
V "ZTn ' i wcepuonai
, lfV' 7? KiPlaye?- so. many
j ff-vf n? w "able politics, ls now
playing another game of his particular
brand for a very great stake.;
The Republican plans he cited. Sena
tor Stone said, have been "adroitly
directed."
All Senators in "Plot.'
'Many, if not all Republican sena
tors," he asserted, "are acting in mani
fest concert with dominant Republi
can leaders thruout the country to
make poHtics out of the war." As
proof of Republican nartisan ninn
Senator Stone, declaring that there is
no need to try to fool each other or to
fool the country, declared that con
gressionai investigations of the war
proposed by Republicans were signi
, ficant.
! Calling attention to the election next
I fall of the entire house membership
and many senators, Mr. Stone said two
i years later the presidential election
would follow.
"Here is a chance," he proceeded.
..for the dominating Republicans of
j the country some of them, perhaps
I more than one of them seeking to Dro-
' mote in his immediate personal glori-
i ricatlon- an" others acting on a larger
scale I ( iromote s. nartv i
scale to promote a party advantage
to strike hard to turn down this ad
ministration and take the government
into their own hands. That fight is
on. It is being played before our very
eyes.
"There are various elements of dis
content in the country. Their poten
tiality as political equations is recog
nized by all. The natural disposition
of these discontented elements will be
to strike blindly at the party in power.
Therefore, in a way. Republican's ally
themselves with these discordant ele
ments of unrest.
"Harp" on Blunders.
'But I especially protest against
and denounce the effort put forward
under the guise of patriotism to dis
tms impression broadcast. Plainly,
this sort of movement is afoot.
As proof of his charges whicrl Sen
ator Stone said, he presented delib
erately and regretfully the Repub
licans are "harping" on alleged ad
ministrative blunders and staking
their political fortunes upon their
criticisms.
"First. I present the , Hon. Boise
Penrose," Senator Stone continued,
"who as a great leader of the fore
most Republicna state, very properly
occupies the front seat in' the Re
publican national Banhedrin."
Citing alleged statements of Senator
Penrose, that the Republicans leaders
were planning to demand an account
ing of the conduct of the war. Sen.
ator Stone said that Senator Pen
rose's justification for his partisan
outburst was over appointment of the
Democratic grocerymen in Pennsyl-
(Continued oo Page Two !
HEATLESS AND
ZERO, PROGRAM
IN EAST TODAY
Business ShiTers Behind Closed
Doors; Stores Closed.
Snow Blockades and Freight
Jams Bar Relief Sought.
REAL TESY NOW AT HAND
Garfield .Says ext 24 Hours
Will Prove His Theory.
Five-Day Shutdown of Indus
tries Ends Tuesday Sight.
BY ROBERT J. BENDER.
Washington, . Jan. 21. America's
first "Meatless holiday" found the Na
tional railroad fighting zero weather,
snows and freight jams to reach the
seaboard with coal. 1
Business except food and drug
stores, shivered belind closed doors
and great industries continued idle
thru their fourth day of suspension,
to facilitate coal shipments. By spe
cial request of Fuel Administrator
Garfield last night, department stores
and retail establishments thruout the
east to lay not only are not burning
coal but they are closed Elevators in
office buildings are supposed to run
onlv for those exempted.
But despite the general close-down
of business, the government is having
a violent fight to keep coal moving.
At both i orthern and southern ports
loadin.- of vessels is continuing on a
24-hour schedule.
Urge Freight Embargo.
It is now believed certain that dras
tic measures to continue coal move
ments after the present five-day sus
pension order ends tomorrow night
will have to be invoked. Officials
state th.-t priority orders now in effect
will be continued after tomorrow un
less there is a marked rise in temper
ature thruout the east, making trans
portation easier. This would mean
that after tomorrow night only such
industries as have coal on hand could
operate, aside from the vital war
works now exempted from Gat field's
regulations.
Pressure is being brought to bear on
Director General McAdoo to declare
an embargo on shipment of all non
essential freight until the tracks and
seaboard are cleared. It is stated that
with rails jammed by delayed freight
shipments, coal traffic to ports and
consumers and movements of "emp
ties" bacH to the mines will continue
blocked despite the, close down of
business and trade. ' . , -
Gurfti-ld Optimistic.
Garfield said today he expected the
next forty-eight hours to show the'real
results' of his recent order. Both
Garfield and McAdoo are hoping for
warmer weather thruout the east and
south.
The best showing thus far has been
made at Southern Atlantic ports,
where 107,700 tons of bunker coal
has been delivered and is ready for
loading with 200,000 more tons -en
route. At one port more than 35,000
tons were delivered over Sunday.
Northern Atlantic ports are expect
ing 150,000 tons during the next few
days, and a twenty-four hour loading
schedule will be eontinued during the
period of industrial suspension in the
east.
Weather a Real Kncmy.
Deep snows, zero temperatures and
promise of only slightly warmer
weather came in reports to the fuel
and railroad administrations as a dis
couraging factor in movement of
trains during the next forty-eight
hours.
Below Zero at Pittsburg.
Pittsburg, Jan. 21. With the tem
perature below zero and a heavy fog
hanging 'over the entire district, rail
roads wjere seriously hampered in their
efforts to clear the freight congestion
today. Yesterday was clear and long
coal trains were hurried to the east.
Dut conditions this morning caused a
general slackening of operations.
SKYSCRAPERS DESERTED.
Offices, Department Stores Closed
Forbid Use of lamps. Candles.
New York, Jan. 21. Almost de
serted streets in the downtown busi-
ness section and shipping districts
gave evidence that industrial New
i York generally observed the first of
tne neatless" Mondays decreed by the
national fuei administration.
Skyscraper office buildings virtually
were untenated. Great department
stores closed their doors, hundreds of
; lactones and small business houses
were idle. All transportation lines in
t the city and commuting service were
run on holiday schedules. Food stores
;were open, as were specially exempted
f industries, but many of them operated
on a resinctea oasis.
Colder Weather.
The New York stock exchange
I opened for business but without heat
and banks did business as usual. Sa
j loons were privileged to open until
j sunset on condition that they did not
' " ....... . . w i i.giii. i n i luei aa-
ministrators even forbade the use of
lamps, lanterns or candles as substi
tutes for gas or electricity. The auth
orities were prepared to institute pro
ceedings promptly against violators of
the orders.
The advent of colder weather had a
discouraging effect on the transporta
tion officials. The increasing ice
menace in the harbor has held up
hundreds of coal laden barges and
nearly fifty per cent of the tugs have
been temporarily put out of commis
sion by ice damage.
DAUGHTER TAKES ROLE
Anna Held Suffering From Break
down Is In Hospital.
Milwaukee, Wis., Jan. 21. Anna
Held, noted actress, is today in St.
Mary's hospital gradually recovering
from the strain of playing in "Follow
Me." for five days in spite of illness.
She would not give up her role until
her daughter, aged 20, had the part
down to perfection and could substitute.
MOST DRASTIC OF
ALL FUEL ORDERS
IS IN EFFECT HERE
Topeka Goes Everyone Better
in Lid on Business.
Stores Cannot Open Until 9
A. M. and Close at 5 P. 31.
THEATERS DARK AT 9 O'CLOCK
Performances Begin as Early as
6 O'clock Tonight.
Effort on Part of Danner Ta
Conserve Coal Supply.
EFFECT OFt DANNER ORDER.
Thettter. picture nhowa sad places
of annmrment closed except S to p. m. ;
Dance hallH cloed until farther notice.
Billard halln open nuon to 10 p. m.
All mercantile establishments open
n. m. Barber shops may remain open
until 6 p. m.. except Saturday when
open until 10 o'clock. Drug store, i
clear stores and shoe shining parlor
which remain oiien until 7 l. m. All ther
stores and shops must close a A p. m.
Order does not affect hotels, restaur
ants, mills, elevator or Industrial .
plants.
Order effective today. Issued by . :
H. Danner, local fuel administrator
and approved by state and federal ad-
ministrators.
Topeka business firms today felt
the effect of the most drastic fuel
economy order issued in the state
when all mercantile establishments
were denied the right to open for
business until 9 o'clock in the morn
ing. The ban was placed on danc
halls, theater hours limited to seven
hours a day and all general buainesn
forced to close at 5 o'clock in the even
ing. C. H. Danner, Kca! fuel admin
istrator, issued the order. It will re
main In effect until the coal situation
is relieved.
General support of the order Ul
claimed today at the offices of Dan
ner. The new regulation will call for
the closing of practically all business,
at 5 o'clock in the-evening. Excep
tion is made to all the public eating
houses, hotels, mills, elevators, man
ufacturing and industrial plants With
the new order in effect, general shop
ping must be confined to the hours of
9 a. m. and 5 p. m.. with a couple of
extra hours for drug stores and shin
shops. Topeka, however, will say
good-bye to the public dance hall un
til the birds return in the springtime.
Most Drastic in State.
No attempt will be made at thla
time to close or retard manufacturing
and industrial activities in Topeka.
Regulations limiting the hours of
sLoren. puouc ana semi-public build
ings and shops and offices are ex
pected to provide adequate relief from
the local fuel famine. Orders have
been issued in many towns of the
country concerning the hours of mer
cantile establishments and of amuse
ment places. The Topeka order, tho.
is the most drastic demand of the
fuel administration in this state.
Churches have been urged to hold
union services in as many instances
as possible, and auxiliary organiza
tions have come under the appeals
of the fuel administration for economy.
The Danner statement docs not esti
mate the tonnage raving in fuel under
the new order. While a number of
business firms are reported to have
approved the fuel administrator's
order, there Is also an element of com
plaint. Many of the large stores are
heated from the Edison plant. Steam
from the big electric power plant ia
forced thru pipes to the stores and
office buildings. Steam not used for
heating is wasted and several mer
chants have urged that failure to use
this supply of steam constitutes a
waste rather than an economy thru
failure to use the heat.
" New Theater Honrs.
Theater patrons must rearrange
their dinner hours. Beginning to
night evening performances at the
local theaters will begin at 6 o'clock
in the evening. ,The Novelty and Ma
jestic, which run double bills, will
show at 6:15 o'clock and a second per
formance at 7:30. The Orpheum dou
ble bill will begin at 6 o'clock. The
Iris will run only one evening show
beginning at 7:30 p. m. Movie houses
will begin their fvening runs at
o'clock. The Grand will open its
doors tonight at :30, with the "Polly
anna". Bhow possibly coming to cele
brate the launching of the drastic
order and curtain at 7 o'clock.
Movie shows will run matinees at
the usual hours. The night shake-ue,
tho, will occasion a revision of the
dinner regulations and hours in many
Topeka homes. .
COLD WILL CONTINUE
Topekans May Expect Little Warn
Ing Up This Week, Flora Says. .
Temperature readings for the daF
furnished by the local office of the
United States weather bureau:
7 o'clock 14111 o'clock .....II
8 o'clock 15 i 1 2 o'clock Jt
9 o'clock 171 1 o'clock ...,,ti
10 o'clock 191 2 o'clock J4
The wind was blowing 12 miles an
hour from the southwest at 2 o'clock
this afternoon. The temperatures for
the day averaged 7 degrees below nor
mal for the date.
Topekans need expect no surcease
from the present brand of cold and
unpleasant weather during thin week,
if they place any credence whatever
in the predictions of the weather bu
reau. Meteorologist Flora said this
morning that there is a possibility,
and a good one. that Topeka may
have a little snow tonight; but he did
not say, anything about any sudden
changes of tethperature either up or
down. There have been some rumors
among the lay prognosticators of the
city that this week would be the cold
est of the winter, but the government
weather bureau denies this emphati
cally and categorically. There is no
prospect of any severe cold in Topeka
this week. The lowest temperature
in the last 24 hours was-11 above at
4 o'clock this morning, which read
ing was- only 4 degrees below the
normal night temperature for the
date. The temperature this after--noon
wax exoected to reach a point in
' the immediate vicinity of the 80
Imark, back to about 15 tonight, and
(Continued on Page Two.) ,

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