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WEATHER FORECAST for Kansas: Partly cloudy tonight; generally fair tomorrow. vv HEN peace comes Germany will be In loo many pieces to enjoy It. THREE CENTS HOME EDITION TOPEKA, KANSAS, FRIDAY EVENING, JULY 12, 1918 TEN PAGES BERAT FALLS TO ADVANCING ITALIAN ARMY Official Cable Announces Cap ' ture of Important City. Strategic Center on the Boad From Coast to Serbia. 300-MILE LINE MAY FLAME UPj I Whole Macedonian Front May i Become Involved. Italians Take Much Booty and Many Prisoners. Washington, July 12. Berat has fallen before the advancing Italian troops in Albania, an official cable to the Italian embassy reports. Berat is a strategic center on the road to Serbia and was the Immediate j objective of the allied offensive in j Albania. A great quantity ot war booty and numerous prisoners were certain mail tnat came into their pos-taken- ! session. The State Journal has ac Capture of the city was expected by , mt d to Mr. voiland credit for cer military authorities after dominating! . -, . ' . . tain work for the defense council, heights to the south and west were ' taken by Alpine troops in hand t hand fighting. French troops had pressed the Austrian def snses to the east back beyond the city. The Austrians, rea lizing the importance of maintaining their positions. fought desperately until practically surrounded. The fall of Berat completely unites the allied forces operating in Albania. "Withdrawal of the Austrians north of the Semeni was also announced in the Rome cables. London, July 12. Activity is de veloping along the whole Balkan front and there are increasing indi cations that the Albanian fighting may spread to the entire 300 mile line from the Adriatic to the Gulf of Rein dina. The Italians have crossed the Sem eni river at one or more points, ac cording to the latest reports from the battle front and are nearing the new Austrian defense line along the Skhumbi river. Infantry has pro gressed at least twenty-five miles north of the original line on the Vo jutza. while cavalry detachments are reported to have advanced even far- 3.he JXhis -would -kh JtaZianei into the reslon of Lushne, about mid way between the Semeni and the Skhumbi. lTench. Greeks and British Involved. In Macedonia Bulgarian artillery is heavily bombarding the French and Greek positions, especially north of Monastir and west of the Vardar riv er. British airmen made bombing r ids on enemy depots in the Struma valley. The Struma represents the extreme right wins: of the allied front. The Vardar flows into the Gulf of Saloniki at the city of that name. Austrians Retreat on 60-Mile Front. The right win of the Austrians. retreating on the sixty-mile front from the sea eastward, is said to be falling back so rapidly that the'retire ment in some places borders on a rout. Great quantities of material are falling into the hands of the Italians and Albarians, while the enemy is de stroying other quantities. Effective resistance by the enemy ?s becoming less frequent and whenever a temporary stand is made, the Itai ians succeed in inflicting heavy casual ties. Bad as Piave Defeat. liuine, July 12. Austria's defeat in Albania io proportionately as over- whelming a reverse as the Piave rout, battle front dispatches received here tl'om iniii"! ir "HKf Two.l LOSP FIVE PLANES Five American Bombers Lost on Raid in Germany. Berlin Says Planes and Crews Were Captured. Washington, July 12. Five Ameri can airplanes which went on a bomb ing expedition have failed to return General Pershing's communique re ported today. Berlin reported five American air planes in German hands yesterday. General Pershing's communique was the e first announcement from Ameri - n sources of the loss of the ma- can Buuues ii me iush ui trie ma - chines. It gave no details, but yes- terday's report from Berlin, which came by way of London, declared that the five machines were- part of squadron of six which started out to bomb Coblenz. The crews of the airplanes, the German report said, were taken prisoner. The communique follows: Headquarters American expedition ary forces. July 10, 1918. Section A In the Vosges a raM at- with losses before our lines had been reached. The day passed quietly at j other points. j As the result of a bombing exnedi- tion last evening five of our machines ' are missing. A n nrilTP I llltlO limnr ill a iu uiub mna m m , a , War labor Board Establishes 40c an Hour In Pennsylvania Plants. ,., . T, T, t. . Washington, July 12. Forty cents an Ho. r was declared to be a "living wage" oy tne -vationai war labor; """J iaiie, or me aepartment or tne board ln a decision today affecting ' interior, announced today, discussing workers at eight plants in Wayneboro. : his recent trip to the -islands. Pennsylvania, Many thousands of acres are to be A basic S hour day was ordered to distributed in this manner thruou become effective immediately at both rhe (rnited State as soon as o"gre plants of the Worthington Pump & authorizes the appropriation of tl -Machinery company at East Cam-1 000.000 to finance the preliminary bridge. Mass., and Buffalo, N. T. project. A CASE OF WHITEWASH. j Because he stated that he is work- j inc without compensation, the state i council of defense late Thursday after noon adopted a motion extending a vote of thanks to Fred Voiland for his services. This morning Governor Capper's Topeka Daily Capital, in a ! cowardly and unjust attempt to mls- j lead the public concerning government investigations, prints a two column story under the caption, "Voiland Is Given a Clean Bill by Defense Coun cil." It presents a case of sordid camou flage. The State Journal was represented at that meeting. Its representatives heard the Voiland report; heard the ! expression of thar ks. Its editor is a member of the Kan- c ouncil of Defense, who was pres- ent and took part in the proceedings, and who voted to thank Voiland for his free services in defense council activities, was commended by Presi dent Waters before the council for his report as chairman of the publicity committee and for specific sugges tions he made. But neither the State Journal rep- ! resentatives nor any member of the council of defense heard one reference to the charges that the government i , , .. . , i tigated Mr. Voiland and Mr. nas inVesti fnr thir methods of handling This WOrK concerreu me xsoeiiiui.iie, ot war activities information, reports concerning food hoarders, land slack ers and similar information. But the State Journal has challenged Gov ernor Capper and Mr. Voiland to show their authority to handle disloyalty cases which they deliberately took charge of. In fact Governor Capper, in public speeches, sought this infor mation without authority from the government. The State Journal is willing to prove that Information thus received and turned over -to Voiland was in some instances held sixty-five days before being presented to the dis trict attorney. The vote of thanks to Mr. Voiland for free services in defense council ac tivities was very just and warranted. The council gave this expression of appreciation nothing more, nothing less. Neither Governor Capper nor Voiland mentioned the charges which the State Journal Is fully able to con firm. aiio vuui.ii '" these matters. It heard only a report which 'YeVIewed work pfoperiy"lii the provinces of the council. The attempt of Governor Capper's paper to capitalize the vote of thanks for free services Into a whitewash from the State Journal's charges against Voiland and the governor, is a reflection on the patriotic organi zation. It is an equal reflection on the intelligence of Kansas people to as sume that the council of defense took part in a case which the government is Investigating a case which many lawyers believe constitutes a viola tion of section 5 of the federal espion age act. Yet the self-administered whitewash proves one thing. It proves the zeal of Governor Capper and Voiland to "clear their skirts from unlawful Inter ference with the administration of jus tice without consideration of methods, policies or even the use of the state loyalty organization. The purpose of the Daily Capital story, as directed, is absolutely false and misleading. Tn ohnW Vi i i " ' 6 "ul undertaken the task of shouldering on j the council of defense a whitewash t which cannot be administered by facts : or evidence. Thru distortion of a vote of thanks for free services Gov. Cap per's paper seeks to disprove at the expense of the council charges which he and Mrv Voiland have not dared to ask the government to release to the press. They have used the council of defense for a pretended whitewash of charges which the State Journal has offered to prove ir a court of record an offer which the governor and Mr. Voiland have not accepted. Governor Capper and Mr. Voiland were doing certain things in connec- tion with solicitation that disloyalty letters be sent to them instead of to the United States district attorney's office where they should eo. and re- 1 taining and using these letters, and : ,,.. . it , . : . it , i tney were both Investigated in person i Dv Mr- Bagley from the district at- torney's office. These charges cannot be answered as they have attempted to answer them a week ago and this morning by declaring the charges "unfound ed.", "ugly," "venomous." "pro-Hun attacks," "scurrilous and unfounded." which are the exact words, as quoted. : ln the a"empted replies. HAWAIIAN LAND TO SOLDIERS j Government May Provide for Re- i turned Vnnk ,rir- h m.- j Washington. July 12.- OVernment' j land in the Hawaiian islands may be ! cut into tracts and distributed tc re- turned American soldiers for occu- ! , , . u... me r.omesieaa act, sec- FRENCH ADVANCE ON 5-MILE FRONT SOOTH OF AISNE Make Important Gain to South west of Soissons. Captured Village of Longpont and Adjacent Strongholds. GAINS HAVE'sTRATEGIG VALUE French Operations in This Dis trict Grow. British Take Prisoners in Baidl on Hun Lines. Paris, July 12. Driving forward on a five mile front, the French again mde Important gains between the M"sne ana tne marne. capturing me ! vi 11a era nf T.nno-nnnr o nd covora 1 orlis). 7 IT J cent strongholds, the French wir of fice announced today. Germp artiller was active in the Verdun sector. The French made suc cesful raids in the Champagne region and north of Montdidier. "North of Chavigny and east of Fa verolles, the French accentuated their progress,' the communique said. "Longpont village and the Javage farm were occupied. "French - . oops took twenty prison ers in raids north of Montdidier and in the Champagne. "German artillery was active along the left bank of the Meuse (Verdun sector)." The French operations between the Aisne and the ilarne are becoming in creasingly important. Capture of the village and Castle of Corey was re ported only yesterday in this same neighborhood, while Chavingy farm also had been taken. Longpont is a strategically impor tant village on the eastern fringe of Villers Cotterets forest, thirteen miles south and west of Soissons and about the same Clstance directly north of the ArriL-ican position at Bussiares. Corey is a mile directly outh of Longpont and Favorles is three miles soutnwest of Corey. Chavigny farm Is a mile horth"-eF ont. Bis.. Take Prisoners. London, July 12. Further raiding operations were carried out by British troops last night notably in the Flan- war office announced todav. Prisoners' were .taken in a. natrol . n. counter ia the Kemmel sector on th& front. In their operation In the vicinity of Merris, the British took 120 prisoners. GO TTCLASSlOUR Topeka Draft Board Jfo. 2 De fers 15 Men From 2. One Man Taken From 2 and Placed in Class 3. City draft board division No. 2 an nounced the names of 16 men this morning who have been reclassified. Martin J. Nystrom, 1110 N. Jackson, was changed from class 2 to class 8. The other 15 men were changed from class 2 to class 4. Their names follow: Bert Stewart. 617 Ilme. Clarence K. Falrchild, 425 Locust. Adam Artzer, 513 N. Jackson. V. V. Taylor, 1324 Logan. Elmer Dolstrum, 21 Oak. Arthur L. Bodlne. 309 Lake. William R. Cooper. 1112 Kansas. " Robert B. Settle, 1518 E. Sixth. Benjamin E. Pool, 935 N. Jackson. Chas. L. Hendenhall, 1114 N. Quincy. James L. Tucker. 331 Lawrence. Irving I. Billings. lltSO Mil I vane. waiter w. wendall. 715 Qtiiney. Maurice A. Curry. 624 Jefferson. J. A. McOinnis, 617 Hancock. PEASANTS REVOLT Unarmed Bodies Reported To Be Marching on Moscow. Are Led by M. Tchernoff, a So cial Revolutionary. Paris, July 12. M. Tchernoff, a leader of the Russian Social Revolu tionists, is marching on Moscow at the head of numerous bands of unarmed peasants, says a dispatch from Stock holm to the Matin. Part of his force has arrived in the outskirts of the Bolshevik capital. A dispatch received in Paris July 9 reported that M. Tchernoff and three other members of the Kerensky cabi net had been arrested in Moscow as alleged leaders of a revolt against the 5olsneviKi. uerman reports have de clared that the Social Revolutionists were responsible for the abortive re volt. STILL HOLDJOO MEN i Rest of 5' "unded Vp In Chicago I Slacker Raid Released. Chicago, July 12. Of the 5.000 vmmcr man T-r, . i n a. n In .rast A.4a V., ' slacker raid, about 600 were stiU held tooay lor further Investigation. ' i"" few exceptions those who did ..ot have heU classification cards with them ,ook their detention good humoredly while waiting for the ere dentials to arrive. Only one serious accident was reported. It was the shooting by a government agent of 'Telga Gustavson. He attempted to "scape from the officers who wished to examine l.io New York registration card more closely. He is in a serious Condition. READY FOR PEACE Chancellor Says Germany Would Consider Proposals. Denies Appointment of Von Hintze Means Change of Policy. London. July 12. Germany's lead ers, military as well as political, are ready to consider "sincere peace pro posals," Chancellor von Hertling de clared in a speech before the main committee of the reichstag yesterday, according to dispatches received here today. "The recent speeches of President Wilson and Former Secretary Balfour plainly indicate our enemies' will to destroy us, and thereby force Germany to continue the struggle," Von Hertling said. "The closest unity, however, exists mrTtr nopmanv's rartlltiofi 1 and mill- tary leaders regarding readiness to re ceive sincere peace proposals. The program of Germany's foreign policy, the chancellor added, was laid down in Germany's reply to the papal peace note and it would be adhered to. That would be a righteous peace, and Germany has not and will not change her policy, however strong the idea of destruction was expressed m speeches in allied countries. The recent utterances of President Wilson and Foreign Secretary Balfour, he continued, forced Germany to con tinue the struggle. Von Hintze to Work Under Hertling. xAdmiral von Hintze, the new Ger man foreign secretary in succession to von Kuehlmann, made a binding d ;laration to Count von Hertlintr that he was willing in every way to follow the imperial chancellor's policy. Chancellor von Hertling told the reichstag main committee that the government intended vigorously to prosecute the reforms already- begun. He commented on the problems in the east and in the west and concluded with remarks on the government's fu ture program regarding the declara tion made in November, 1917, which had been accepted by a large majority in the reichstag. The change in the foreign ministry, the chancellor said, was not caused by any real differences of opinion, but arose out of personal discussion revealing matters which should not be made public. DISEASE IN RUSSIA Graye Shortage of Food Starts Cholera Epidemic. All Crops This Year Are Fail ures Thruout Rumania. grave shortage In food, cholera is on the increase in Petrograd, and hun dreds of persons are Caily falling vic tims to it, says a Russian wireless ais patch received here today. . Rumania In Sore Straits. Paris, July 12. Rumania's peasant population is in a more precarious condition from lack of food and cloth ing than at any time since Rumania entered the war. Reports reaching the Associated Press from authorita tive sources indicate that all crops this year are failures.- What little food there was has been requisitioned by the Germans. The bread ration has been reduced further and amounts to less than half a pound daily. WOULD END RAIDS German Cities Uree Their Abandonment by AIL Have Enough of the Air Bomb ing Campaign. Geneva. July 12. Another cam paign has been undertaken along the Rhine In order to prevent allied bombardment of Rhine towns. The landtag of the Duchy of Baden has been asked to pass a resolution requesting the government of the Grand Duchy to exercise its influence with the imperial authorities to come to an arrangement with the belliger ents to abandon on both sides the aeriJ bombardment of towns outside the zone of military operations. In a speech in the landtag in favor of the proposition. Deputy Narum declared that aerial attacks on localities behind the front serve no military purpose and that only innocent women and children suffer. In commenting on this new .cam paign the Lausanne Gazette declares that the Germans since the beginning of the war have bombarded London and Paris with Zeppelins and air planes many more than a hundred times, while the allies during three years for various reasons were unable to reply, but did not whine. Now the Germans, it adds, after only a few months of bombardment of their open towns are crying "Kamerad." pay iTTnstallments Government Insurance for Soldiers Not Paid in a Lump Sum. Washington, July 12 J Widespread impression that- insurance of men in military service is paid in lump sum after their death led the war depart ment to announce today that pay ments of benefits under the war risk insurance act are made during twenty years. The insurance is payable on the death of the insured, on the basis of $5,75 per month for each $1,000 of insurance, for 240 monthly install ments. For the maximum of $10,000 the beneficiary would receive $57.50 per month. King and Queen Make Flight. Paris, July 12. The king and queen of Belgium, who had been vis iting England. have" returned to France by the same means which they used in crossing the channel to Bng land thru the air. The return pas sage, the newspapers say. lasted thirty 1 minutes. The roval couple said they j were delighted with the experiences of the aerial voyage. TAKES OVER RIVER MeAdoo Will Now Operate tbe Mississippi Will Pot On Government Freight Barge Line. St. Louis, July 12. Government control of the lower Mississippi river Trom St. Louis to the Gulf of Mexico has been authorized by Director Gen eral MeAdoo. An order received by Chamber of Commerce officials here declares that J.; Sanders, president of the New Or leans Chamber of Commerce, will be federal manager. The order' was au thorized by Director General MeAdoo. - The action was taken to relieve rail road congestion. A barge line will be constructed immediately. ' Will Spend $2,500,000. Washington, July 12. Approxi mately 92,500,000 will be expended by the railroad administration in the es tablishment of a system of branch lines on the inland waterways provid ed by the Mississippi and Black War rior rivers, it was learned officially today. Expenditures of the money will be in the hands of M. J. Sanders, New Orleans, who has been named federal manage .- for these waterways. Operation of barges between St. Louis and New Orleans will relieve the rail lines of thirty per cent of their i -r burden in the central west, it is estimated. The barges will haul all except perishable freight. Perish able shipments then can be handled by rail with much greater speed than now, officials believe. miosiKsiiiui vaiiey commercial in- terests have urged the railroad ad-1 sTce thern tvSW, since the overnment took control of the rail lines and inland waterways. It was only recently, however, that their pleas met with much considera tion. Will Extend to Coastwise Trade. It was understood that in the division of the lower Mississippi, a line of small steamers would extend their route to serve coastwise traffic in the Gulf of Mexico. This would eliminate a- transfer of cargo from river barges to the coastwise vessels now in ser vice. Sanders will have general direction of the department of necessary facili ties and has been given a free rein in the construction of barges, vessels, wharves and warehouses. He will direct the Work on the Mississippi river south of St. Louis and on the Black Warrior route between the Birmingham district in north Alabama and Mobile, and New Orleans. Sanders is a member of the inland waterways commission of the railroad administration and is the owner of several important rail and steamboat H ies along the Gulf. As a member of the inland waterways commission h has had an nnnnrhmitv 1a hAnnmn msssi-niC&lnonversant ot the needs .of the m cuucion witn wnicn tie nas to deal. HEAD MAN HUNT! Federal Agents Searching for "Texas Special" Bandits. Robbers, in Event of Capture, Will Face Federal Charge. Federal officials, it was announced to day, are leading the hunt for the thir teen bandits who Wednesday night held up and robbed the "Texas Sne- cial" on the Katy railroad near Paola aim snoi icrar persons. . , lhe action of the federal officials oecause 01 me tact tnat the safe taken from a baggage and mail now overshadows everything in con ?5Z co"taM6i registered letters and ! Bress, however, and it appears likely other meail. . f, ',. iT hfnr Practically every United States dep- tomorrow virtually unamended, uty in Kansas and several from sur- Could foiiirol x rounding states are working on the . C " Control ISews. case. In case of their capture the' Senator Lewis s assurances yester robbers wil probably be tried on the I day that Pstmaster General Burleson government charge, which carries a would not attempt to handle the press heavy penalty. , association news wires himself but : I would place their supervision in the HOLD TRAIN" SUSPECTS. ! hands of an experienced man selected ' j by newspaper publishers, tended to Man and Woman Detained for Inves- stem some of the opposition to the tlgatlon in Connection With Holdup. r t .-. 1 ., T , 1 , . . i a.oi.1. July 1Z. A man and n July 12. A man and woman are being held as suspects ln connection with the robbery near here Wednesday night of the Missouri, Kansas & Texas passenger train. They were apprehended today at Vance, Tvo.11., Uy uapt u. i-. Mcciay of the brought natgU,ard,an1 We latltok definite shape todSy?'" Sent e Ke'Sons for tllLT: l? PIll n,t made pybIiC' bUt " was Sio ? rm,71,i:Te ,!Je!l-.thI scene of the holdup have identified the two as being in the vicinity short ly before the robbery. DRY LAW VOTE AUG. 20? War Tim Prohibition Will Go Over Until After Congressional Recess. Washington, July 1 2. Advocates and opponents in the senate of the ! proposal for national war time prohi- t bition negotiated today for an agree ment to vote on the "bone dry" rider to the $11,000,000 emergency agricul tural appropriation bill. The prohibition leaders suggested a formal agreement to vote August 20 on condition that they allow the bill to g:o over until after a summer vaca tion recess adjournment of con - A counter proposal was that the bill go over and be given privileged status for continuous consideration tefter the vacation until a vote is reached. Congressional leaders plan to consult with President Wilson on the prohibition question particularly regarding considerations of revenue loss to the government and the effect on the new revenue bill. VON KUEHLMANN HAS ENOUGH Former German Foreign Secretary Says He Is "Sick of It All." Amsterdam, July 12. Dr. Richard Kuehlmann, former German foreign minister, will go to Switzerland soon for a long vacation, a Berlin dispatch stated today. 'I will be glad to get a bit of fresh air," he was quoted as saying to friend. I am sick of It all." NO CENSORSHIP ON NEWS WIRES IS THE PROMISE Wilson Gives - Assurance Congress on Wire Law. to Senators Insist the Provision Be Fnt in tbe Law. SHOULD HAVE HELD HEARINGS Declares Senator Pomerene of Ohio in Debate. Objects to Haste Without Con sidering Details. Washington, July 12. President Wilson will forbid censorship of news dispatches under government control of wires. He assured congress leaders today, that press associations and I press bureau business will be left un disturbed, and asked thar the senate be so informed to quiet expressed fears that Postmaster General Burle son would establish a censorship if given control of wires. The president intends that news paper wires shall continue to be oper ated with the same freedom as now. i- , n . T,oa,ta :M. ,,. s, and Watson announced they will press tneir amendments exempting newspaper wires- from government control. Indications today were that the resolution would pass the senate with out amendment by tomorrow night. Meantime talk of recess went forward rapidly. Should Have Held Hearings. Senator Pomerene, Ohio, opened debate on the wire resolution this afternoon with an attack on the inter state commerce committee for deny ing public hearings in consideration of the resolution. Pomerene said the president did not expect the resolution would be adopted without due consideration. "Committee members who favor im mediate action excuse themselves on the ground that while it confers pow er on the president to take over the companies it does not require him to do so. "No one has presumed to say that ne wanted the resolution railroaded thru without consideration," he de clared. Details Should Be Considered. Pomerene insisted there are many important derails incident to -the tak ing over of the lines that should have the most careful consideration before taking action. Hearings, when it was expected many of these matters would be cleared up were denied, he de clared. r - - Pomere .e raid he never had be lieved and does not believe there was any necessity for censoring domestic mail. He also said he was convinced there had been little censoring of that description in this country. Washington, July 12. The battle over wire control legislation prob ably the last hot skirmish before the measure passes centered today in the senate about the right of press asso ciations to distribute news independ ent of government control. Senator Watson, Indiana, was pre- pared to speak on' his amendment ex i empting telephones and wires leased ! by news . associations from the scope of the resolution. Desire for a recess resolution. There is a strong desire to p niiun, WJial lUIIUUUIlt) LUIS i . : ., , . I hcwb Bupeivisur wuum periorm whether he would constitute a censor of the news, and it was expected that today would yield additional light on this phase of the controversy. With a vote, assured soon on wire i after recesR" Prohibition leaders are ! convinced they have the necessary votes ana since the dry provisions would not become operative until No vember 1 anyhow, are willing for the most part to let a decision go over un til then. GERMAN PREACHER PUNISHED Got Five Tears for Disloyal Utterances in One of His Sermons. Dubuque, Ia., July 12. Five years in Leavenworth prison was the sen -tence meted out to the Rev. Wilhelm Schuman of Pomeroy. Ia., by Jude Henry Reed in United States district court here yesterady. The Rev. Mr. Schuman was convictad of violating I the espionage act. He is pastor of a I German T.iithoran phnli in 1 mon seven months after the declara tion of war. preached In German, he is accused of urging young men not to Join the United States army. He came to America from Germany sev enteen years ago. Ship Contract to Kansas. Leavenworth, Kan., July 12. A contract to build seven wooden vessels, to cost 2 million dollars, has been awarded to the Missouri Bridge and Iron company of this city by the Emergency Fleet corporation. The company's shipyards are at Quantico, Va. British Honor French. London, July 12. The British em pire today celebrated "In France's Day." By royal decree, 'the French flag was flown beside the British flag on all public buildings. It was ex pected that 250,000 pounds ($1,250.- aiOOO) would be raised for tbe French 'Red Cross. LITTLE WEATHER CHANGE Cloudy and Not Much Change In Teni ' perature Is Forecast. Today's Temperatures. 7 o'clock. &, . ...6711 o'clock...... 78 8 o'clock 6912 o'clock 80 9 o'clock 721 1 o'clock 82 10 o'clock 75 2 o'clock 83 The temperature for the day aver aged three degrees below normal. The wind at 2 o'clock this afternoon was blowing .eight miles an hour from the southwest. There will be little change In the weather here during the next twenty four hours, according to S. D. Flora, meteorologist of the local weather bureau. Tomorrow will start in with a tern- iCotitinited ,n i'Hge Two.l 2 MILLION BRITISH This Is Fighting Force Facing Hnns in France. Equals Number on the Western Front in 1917. , Paris, July 12. The British fighting forces in France now aggregate two million men, si.ys the Havas corre spondent on the British front. This equals the numDer on tne irom in 1917. AUSTRIAN MUTINY Garrison in Serbian Town Re bels Because of Bad Food. Was Suppressed After Battle With Artillery. Corfu, July 12. A serious mutiny among the Austrian troops in one of the occupied districts of Serbia is an nounced by the Serbia press bureau here. The garrison at Kraguyevatz. the former Serbian arsenal, broke into rebellion because of bad food, the statement declares, and many of the officers were killed. The mutiny was suppressed after a. veritable battls in which machine guns and artillery were freely used. ENORMOUSJNCREASES The Expenses of Conducting News papers Are Piling Up. The government and other agencies are increasing enormously the ex penses of conducting daily newspapers. Many newspapers have suspended, ohers have consolidated, and, ot.iers are being conducted at a loss or with out profit. In many great ities like Indianapolis and Cleveland, there ia now but one morning newspaper. In many cases, two or three evening newspapers are being merged into one. During the last few days the gov ernment, thru its federal trade com mission, announced an additional ad vance in the price of white news print, the kind upon which newspapers are issued. This advance affects the State Jo-'rnal about i8.00 a day for the first three months of the year, and $4.00 a day since April 1st, the order of the government being retroactive, and dating back to the first of the year. On July 1st the new postal law, in' j 25 to 60 per cent, went into effect. This means an additional expense to this paper of about $10.00 per day. Every department of expense in the way of material or labor has in creased enormously. The State Journal and similar papers at 12 cents per week, by car rier, or $4.80 per year by mail, and the minimum advertising charge of 66 cents an inch, are probably the cheap est things now on the market. The circulation of this paper has increased neaviiy. its average circulation now, both locally and on the outside, is larger than ever before in its history. The increased circulation would war rant a large increase in advertising rates, as the servce rendered is greater than ever before. The merchants in Topeka, unfortunately, have reduced the volume of their advertising and the government has curtailed certain lines like railroad and food advertis - ing. wnne customers, including our seives, are paying merchants more than they ever received before for their merchandise, there has been no advance in advertising rates to the large advertisers since the United I States entered the war; neither has I there been an advance in the sub scription rates in that time. New official orders now come from the War Industries board as follows: War Industries Board. Washington, July 5, 1918. B. M. Baruch, Chairman. LETTER TO BE SENT TO ALL NEWSPAPER PUBLISHERS. On account of the shortage of war materials the question of the supply of paper is becoming acute and the use of paper must be economlssed to the greatest possible extent. It is necessary that all newspapers which publish a daily and weekly edi tion put the following preliminary economies into effect July 15, 1918: Discontinue the acceptance of the re turn of unsold copies. Discontinue ttie use of all samples or " free promotion copies. Discontinue frivtng copies to anybody except for ofricc-working copies or where required by statute law In the case of official advertising. Discontinue ffivlm? free copies to ad vertisers, except not more than one copy each for checking purposes. Discontinue the arbitrary forcing of copies on newsdealers (I. e- com pelling them to buy more copies than they can legitimately sell in or der to hold certain territory). Discontinue the baying hack of pa pers at either wholesale or retail selling price from dealers or ascents. In order to secure preferential rep resentation. Discontinue the payment of salaries or commission to agents, dealers, r newsboys for the purpose of securing the equivalent of return privileges. Discontinue all free exchanges. THOMAS E. DONNELLEY, . Chief. Pulp and Paper Section, War Industries Board. FRENCH MAY BE PLANNING BLOW ON A BIG SCALE Sibliling Tactics May Be Fore runner of Offensive. Lines South and West of Sois sons Straightened Out. GERMAN SMJENTJN DANGER Sector North of Chateau Thier ry Might Be Pinched Off. Italians Pursue Retreating Aus trian Forces in Albania. (B the Associated Press.) General Petain is giving the Ger mans on the westerly side of th Marne salient little rest ln their posi tions east of the Forest of Villers Cotterets. Last night his troops again drove in on this front and made sub stantial progress. The most tangible result reported from this latest fight ing is the capture of the village of Longpont, to the outskirts of which the French had advanced on Wed nesday night A farm in this neigh borhood also was taken. Threatens German Salient. The French lines were likewise driven ahead in the Chavigny farm district north of Longpont. A for ward push also was given the line in the area south of Longpont east of Faverolles. The extension of the front under attack to the Faverolles region is noteworthy as showing that tha process of straightening out the line between the Aisne and the Marne is being carried still further south and is threatening the local salient held by the Germans between the Long pont district and the American sector northwest of Chateau Thierry. Foch Might Take Offensive. The series of operations carried out by General Petain on this front dur ing the present week has been gen erally regarded as of merely local im portance, designed to straighten the line and fortify it against the expected renewal of the German offensive. The possibility is not overlooked, how-, ever, that these may be a prelude to more important attacks. The time has not been considered opportune for General Foch, the allied commander in chief, to abandon his defensive role and turn to the aggressive on a large scale, but it is not impossible h.S-t th feeling tout operations which are in progress dtl bottl "Tho French and Brit is:! fronts have other than a purelv defensive- purpose. Last night's actions on the British front t ere all in the nature of scout ing operations. The majority of them were on the Flanders front, where during the day yesterday. Field Mar shal Haig's men hat. conducted a raid in force in the vicinity of Merris, northeast of the Ntep e wood, on the road to the railway junction of Haze brouck. bringing In. more than 120 prisoners. Additional raids last night in the Meteren and Kemmel sectors on this front resulted ln the taking of more prisoners. On the assumption that the Ger mans, If they decide to open up heir attach on a new front when they re sume their offensive will strike some where between Rhelms and Lorraine, some interest may be attached to the report in the French official statement today that the enemy artillery is dis playing rather marked activity on the front northwest of Verdun, within ;his area. Austrians StiU Retire. Austrian forces in eastern Albania continue to retire before the pressure of the advancing Franco-Italian de (Contioupd on Page Two.i 1 PAPERS PROTEST t i Sav Low Pofctne-p Rto Rpnpfiti j u 3 jro ware eneiUS ! Pntil in UW,IU 1 Rut I Congressional Franking Privilege Costs $25,000,000. Washington, July 12. Jesse H. Keal of New York, executive secretary of the Associated Business Papers. In corporated, comprising six hundred trade papers, testifying before the house ways and means committee to day for repeal of the zone increased rates for second class mail, said thtt present rates are no more a subsidy than low rates on grain are a subsidy for the farn. r and spoke of the war work accomplished by the newspapers. "I call attention," Mr. Keal said, "to the statements made that $5,000,000 to $30,000,000 have been raised to promote German propaganda and iNhave been sent into the United States. As an advertising man and speaking for the advertising fraternity, let ma say that we deeply regret that con gress has seen fit to appropriate only $1,000,000 for the public Information committee to counteract the countless millions spent for r German propa ganda," Mr. Neal suggested abolishment of the congressional franking privileges would add $25,000,000 or more to the pos ! revenues. PREPARES WHEATVETQ President Is Working on Message Vetoing Increase In Price to $2.40. Washington, July 12. Members of congress were informed today that President Wilson has begun drafting a message to congress vetoing ths $28,000,000 agriculture appropriation bill because of the amendment provid ing for increasing to $2.40 per bushel the government's minimum guarantee for wheat. Alfho an attempt nay b made by members from wheat pro ducing states to overilde the veto it If generally believed the bill will be r enacted with the wheat amendment i eliminated.