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y EATHER FORECAST for Kamu:
Partly cloudy and cooler tonight and Tuesday. rpHK Hun drive Is jm. It Is the kaiser's last dying effort to win. HOME EDITION TOPEKA, KANSAS, MONDAY EVENING, JULY 15, 1918 TEN PAGES THREE CENTS " AMERICANS BEAT BACK GERMANS IN THE VAUX REGION! Counter Attack This Morning Drives Off Enemy. Yankees Advance Own Lines in Face of Big Drive. HANDLING THE ENEMY WELL Latest Morning Reports Indi cate Yanks Are 'ot Budged. Fight and Die Bather Than Al low the Huns To Pass. WAIT UNTIL THEY ARE CLOSE Then Americans Open a With ering Machine Gun Fire. Long Rang Bombardment Is Becoming More Intense. With the Americans on the Marne, July 15 (2 p. m.) The Americans shortly before noon launched a heavy counter attack against large forces of Germans which had forced a crossing of the Marne at three points on a four-mile front, east of Chateau Thierry. The enemy was driven off. Shortly before this the Ameri cans counterattacked at Vaux, west of Chateau Thierry, com pletely repulsing the German as sault. The Americans caught the boches in a terrific charge, hurling them back 700 (almost half a mile) beyond the point where their attack began. Yankees Make Great Thrust. American resistance slowed down the German advance. Preparations for a counter attack began immediate ly, and the Americans swept forward to the attack before the enemy could reorganize his badly shattered units. West of Chateau Thierry, the ene my's efforts to recapture Vaux lasted only a couple of hours, after which the American counter attack thrust them back far beyond their starting: point. Fight In Gas Masks. For miles in the rear of the lines the country is shaken by the artillery fire, as tho by an earthquake. The valleys near Vaux were heavily deluged with gas. forcing the Americans to fight in gas masks. German losses were heavy every where they attacked, but they were particularly severe along the Marne, where the boches paid a heavy toll for the privilege of bridging the his toric river. Withdrawal of the Americans and the French troops to their right, to the base of the salient formed by the bend in the Marne, was effected in excellent order. V. S. Troops Took 30 Huns. In the Vaux fighting Americans took thirty prisoners. They fought from shell holes, or jumping into the opening, hurled grenades and bayon ets until the German attack was Btopped. Americans on Both Sides. The German drive extends from west of Chateau Thierry to east of Rheims. American troops are involved on both sides of Chateau Thierry. The Germans apparently are trying to reach Chalon. Bitter fighting is in progress, espec ially along the Marne, east of Cha teau Thierry, where an American counter attack is under way as this is cabled. At daybreak the boches threw pon toon bridges across the Marne. Sup ported by artillery and machine guns, their infantry rushed across in the face of heavy fire. The Germans succeeded in crossing the river at three-places at Mezy, at Jaulgonne and -it La Bretonnere farm, north of Fossoy. Fossoy is four miles east of Chateau Thierry. It is clear that the German attack in the Vaux region completely broke dov.-n under the American counter at tack. Further tharp fighting is likely to develop in this area at any time howe-er. Franco-Americans Hold. Word received here shows that the enemy also launched an attack east of rcneims out on tne sectors on that front on which French and Americans are fighting side by side the positions are reported intact. "Saw Whites of Eyes." The American machine gunners here let the enemy come close to .heir positions and .then opened a leadly fire into the advancing close formations of Germans. In their attack on the Marne front the Germans threw many bridges across the river. Over these the Ger mans are passing under a withering fire from the artillery. German prog ress is being stayed ny the maehin" gunner. The Americans and their French ' (Couilnued'on Vaem Two.) GERMANS GROSS RIVER MARNE AT NARRJJW POINTS But French and Americans Are Molding Magnificently. Greatest Hun Offensive of Year Meets Stone Waif. ALL ALONG 65-MILE FRONT! This Was Considered Quiet Sec tor on 'Western Lines. Huge Naval Guns Tear Up Country for Many Miles. MOST TERRIBLE ARTILLERY FIRE Tempest of Gas and Explosives Followed by the Infantry. Effort Now To Capture Rheims on New Drive to Paris. Paris, July 15 (4:15 p. m.). The French army of the Champagne Is holding magnificently against the new German drive according to dispatches received from the battle front this afternoon. The enemy concentration appears to have been greatest between Dormans and Rheims (a front of 25 miles). The Germans are reported to have crossed the Marne at several points between Chateau Thierry and Dormans, which should be easy because of the narrow ness of the river. Elsewhere the French are holding the Germans In their outpost zones. Simultaneously with the drive on the fifty mile front between Chateau Thierry and Main De Massiges, 'the Germans attempted a formidable at tack on- the ' Ourcq. front, toward La Fere Milon (IS miles northwest of Chateau Thierry). They encountered a crushing barrage and were unable to debouch from their own positions. (By the Associated Press.) After a wait of thirty-three days since they were halted. In their plunge toward Compiegne, along the west bank of the Oise. the Germans at dawn today launched a new phase of their mighty offensive by attacking from Chateau Thierry to Maison De Cham pagne; north of Massiges and far east of Rheims, over a front about sixty five miles in length. Latest reports from the battlefield state that the Germans have crossed the Marne- at several places. This probably refers to the reaches of the Marne between Chateau Thierry and Dormans. American troops are engaged In the battle in this particular region, and reports say they are "handling the enemy well." Yanks Break Up Attack. They broke up the German drive in the Vaux region west of Chateau Thierry by dashing counter attacks. Reports show that, so far as the length of the line is concerned, the present drive is the greatest of the year. At first It was believed from the French war office statement that the line was about fifty miles In extent, but apparently the report from Paris told simply of the length of the Frenrh-held lines under attack: Measurements of the line where fight ing is known to be going on. however, show that it is 105 kilometers, or 65.1 miles long. The attack against the Cambrai front on March 21 was over a front of fifty-five miles. Last night a terrible artillery fire was loosed against the allied lines from Chateau Thierry on the west to Maizon de Champagne north of Mas sieges, on the east. Tcjapest of Fire. For hours the entente allied lines were under a tempest of the most tre mendous character. Not only was the actual battU- area under bombard ment, but towns and cities far behind the lines were made targets for great ten and twelve inch projectiles fired from what appears to be naval siege guns brought up behind the German positions. Rumors Proved True. During the past few weeks it has been rum.w" that the resumption of the German offensive would witness a long range bombardment of places which had heretoore been considered at a safe distance from the front. These rumors proved to be true. The lay world had expected the (Continue! op "'nfcf. Two.l BIG SHIP STRIKE Three Big Plants on Coast Crippled by Union Demands. Oakland, Calif.. July 15. Thirty five hundred boilermakers and Iron j workers went on a strike early today I in three big shipbuilding plants at i Alameda and Oakland. I Millions of dollars' worth of gov ernment ship contracts are for the present practically halted. The men declare the shipbuilders, including the Bethlehem Building Cor poration, the Moore Shipbuilding Co. and the Hanlon Co. have failed to live up t. the agreement negotiated thru Mackay committee. A strike vote was taken yesterday at a mass meeting attended by 2,200 men. FAILURE TO BUST AMERICAN LINES SAFETY OF PARIS! . i Assurances. This Afternoon'; Capital Is in 'o Danger. j i Indications Now That the Big! Offensive Is Being Held. U. S. COUNTER A SURPRISE May Bring About Disaster to Germans Crossing Marne. Attack in One Area Turns Huns' Back on Big Objective. BY J. W. T. MASON. New Tork. July 15, (2:05 p. m.) Indications this afternoon are that von Hindenburg's new offensive is being held at all essential points. The failure of the Germans to break the American line at Vaux and the successful American counter at tack in that area, strengthens the as surances that Paris is safe, - The crossing of the Marne by the Germans is, however, an unfortunate episode. This success has been con fined to a narrow point, which pro duces a dangerous local salient.. U. S. May Enforce Disaster. The American counter attack may bring about a disaster for those Ger mans who have risked crossing. The fact that the main German assaults are occurring? between Dor mans and Rheims is without doubt satisfactory to General Foch. This is the side of the Aisne-Marne wedge farthest away from Paris and the channel ports. The attack in that area means yon Hindenburg has turned his back on Paris and the channel and is trying to shove the allied front eastward. The farther he goes in that direction, the nearer will the front be moved to German terri tory. If von Hindenburg is satisfied with that kind of an ending to his fifth offensive, the allies can afford to be satisfied with von Hindenburg. RUSSIA IS ANGRY? Demand That British Re-Embark Troops pa Murman . Foreign Minister Tchitcherin Addresses Note to England. London. July 15. M. Tchitcherin, the Russian foreign minister, has ad dressed a note to Great Britain de manding that the British detachments now on the Murman coast be re-embarked without delay, says a Central News message today from Amsterdam, relaying a Moscow dispatch. JOHN WHITNEY DIES Retired Topeka Miller Was One of Most Prominent In West. John C. F. Whitney, who has been a resident of Topeka for thirty-eight years, died at 10:30 o'clock Sunday night at his home, 1015 Harrison street,- after an illness of about six months. Mr. Whitney was one of the most prominent operative millers In the middle west, having been engaged In that business about forty-five years. He is survived by his wife, formerly Margaret B. Smith, whom he married in 1882; two sisters, Mrs. Ira T. Pearce of St. Paul and Mrs. Wallace Crutcher of Kansas City, Mo., and one son, B. F. Whitney of Topeka. The funeral will be held at 2 o'clock Tuesday afternoon from Bomgardner's chapel. There will be no flowers. The body will be taken to Mr. Whitney's old home at Canaseraga, N. Y., for burial. DID N0TDR0P BOMBS German Account of Failure of Ameri can Air Raid Over Germany. Amsterdam, July 11. Meager de tails of the air raid of last Wednesday night against Coblenz in which, ac cording to the official statement of the German war office, all six American airplanes engaged in the attack were captured, are contained in a belated message from the semi-official Wolff bureau. None of-the enemy machines dropped bombs," says the message. "All the machines fell into our hands and the crews were taken prisoner alive, except a few. '"This was the first great Inde pendent air action of the Americans. It failed completely." DOWN 16JUJN PLANES British Make Great Record in One Day on French Front. London, July 15. Sixteen feerman airplanes were brought down by Brit ish airmen Saturday while the British lost three machines, the air ministry announced today. More than twenty-three tons of bombs were dropped on enemy targets during the day and night. CONGRESS ON VACATION Both Houses Met Today Only for Rou tine Business. Washington, July 15. The summer vacation of congress began today. Both houses met fcr routine business The senate adjournment until Thurs day under the agreement for M'vida and Thursday sessions only until u? ust 24. House leaders had a similar plan. TODAY'S FIGHTING AREA 0 $ 10 to 30 40 ' . -. SCALE OF MILES 1 INDICATE POSlflOKS OF AMERICAN TROOPS OMATn.e LINE. LINEPUEVIOUSTO MARCH 2M5B- - THE NEW GERMAN DRIVE- Official reports relative to the grand offensive begun this morn ing against the allied positions show that it is the most ambitions stroke since March 21, when the Germans launcheS their assault against the British lines from the vicinity of Arras to La Fere. The front in the March 21 offensive was reported to be about 65 miles in length. The one over which the Germans are attacking today is approximately fifty miles from, Chateau Thierry oh the west to Massiges, in the Champagne,; on the east. The Germans followed their most recent tactics of beginning an offensive. There was a brief artillery preparation of the greatest violence and then came the advance of assault troops. There seems, however, to have been a new feature in this attack. Great naval guns had been brought up behind the enemy lines and towns and cities far behind the actual battle area were taken under bombardment. The violence of the cannonade is evidenced by the fact that the city of Meaux, 25 miles west of Chateau Thierry was under fire of great projectiles during the night. The apparent purpose of the Ger mans, attacking along the line from Chateau Thierry east along the Marne, over the rolling hills to Rheims and thence eastward to Massiges, was similar to that in the great attack along the Aisne late in May. They evidently hoped to find the allies less well pre pared in this sector than elsewhere. In spite of the repulse of the Germans before Rheims early in June it may be that the allied line eastward from Chateau Thierry had been more thinly held than that from Chateau Thierry north of the Aisne and thence thru the Picardy sector to Ypres. German assaulting troops thus might expect to encounter less violent resistance in the sectors east of Chateau Thierry and the Germans possibly hoped for gains which even would compel an allied retirement from the Verdun and St. Mihiel sectors. HAITI WITH ALLIES Council of State Declares War on Germany Today. Twenty-Second Nation To Line Up Against Kaiser. Port lAu Prince, Haiti, July IS. The council of state acting in accordance with the legislative powers given it ' under the new Haltien constitution, has unanimously voted the declaration of war upon Germany demanded by the president of the republic Haiti is the twenty-second nation to de clare war on Germany. Sevpii other na tions have broken diplomatic relations. Germany severed diplomatic relation! with Haiti in June, 1017, after the Haltien re public bad protested against Germany's unrestricted submarine warfare and de manded compensation for losses to Haltien commerce and life. The president, in a message to the Haltien con pre as, had recommended a declaration of war against Germany in consequence of the deaths of eight Haitians on the. French steamer Montreal when that Teasel was torpedoed by a Ger man submarine. The declaration of war was not adopted at that time, however, the commission ap pointed to study the question having re ported that there was not sufficient rea son. RAIN WAS GENERAL Showers Fell Thrnout the State San day and last Night. Today's Temperatures. 7 o'clock 68111 o'clock. 72 g o'clock 68112 o'clock 75 9 o'clock 69 1 o'clock 77 10 o'clock..;.. 70 2 o'clock..... 79 The temperature for the day aver ages four degrees below normal. The wind at 2 o'clock this afternoon was blowing five miles an hour from the south. Rainfall in Topeka during the last twenty-four hours amounted to .08 of an Inch but it Is not likely that any more showers will fallhere today, ac cording to S. D. Flora, state meteor ologist. Showers were general over the state Sunday, the heaviest record ed being at Clay Center and Alton, each tpwn receiving 1.05 inches. Rain fall reported at other points was Dodge City, 1.02; Concordia, .38, and St. Joe, .20. The temperature here at 9 o'clock IPnntinned on I'ltee Two.! THIS IS FIFTH PHASE OF HUN '18 OFFENSIVE PICARDY DRIVE! started March 21 on a 50-mile front between .Arras and the Olse. Stopped in just one week, after the Germans had advanced about forty miles to within striking distance of Amiens. FLANDERS DRIVE started April 9 on a 25-mile front between the Ypres-Comines canal and Las Bassee. Stopped in ten days after the Germans had penetrated fifteen miles to within striking distance of Hazebrouck. MARNE DRIVE started May 27 on a 40-mile front between Coucy Le Chateau and Rheims. Stopped in a week after the Germans had pene trated thirty miles to Chateau Thierry OISE DRIVE started June 9 jn a 35-mile front between Montdidier and Coucy Le Chateau. Stopped in three days after the Germans had advanced six miles. They were later pushed back nearly .half this distance. CHAMPAGNK DRIVE started July 15 on a 50-mile front between Chateau Thierry and Main De Mas s.:gnes. Continuing with initial Ger man gains reported. BRITISH IN A GAIN Adrance on a Front of More 'r Than Mile in Flanders. r-' - .-' Capture 800 Prisoners and SeT--. era! Machine Guns. Lonflon, July 15. British troops ad vanced on a front of more than a mile east of Dickebusch Lake in Flanders yesterday morning taking 296 prison ers. Field Marshal Haig reported to day. "The local operation In the Dicke busch Lake sector yesterday morning was completely successful," the state ment said. "We advanced on a 2,000 yard front, taking ridge and wood and at taining all our objectives. We cap tured 296 prisoners, several machine guns and much other material." SLAPATHUN lilJLERS They Are Carrying on Tradition of Power of Sword, German Writer Says. London, July 15. A sharp indict ment of the rulers of Germany by MacMilian Harden is contained in a current number of Die Zukunft. The holders of high offices, he is quoted as saying, when it seems useful to themselves, profess to favor a new world order of democracy and national peace but they really are only carry ing on the tradition of the power of the sword. "No high personage In the German empire," he says "wishes to set up a league of nations. The continuance of endeavors to conceal this fact has be come unnecessary since Brest-Litovsk and Bucharest" K. C. PAYING 6 CENTS Delay Owing to Fenny Extra Off at State Une. Kansas City, July 15. The 6 cents street carfare went into effect here to day. In Kansas City, Kan., the rate still Is 5 cents, but passengers coming to the Missouri side are required to pay an extra cent when the cars reach the state line. Some of the Kansas City, Kan., passengers left the cars when they reached the Missouri side rather than pay the additional fare. Some delay was caused both in Kan sas City, Mo., and at the state line as a result of the new fare, many pas sengers not being provided with the exact change. . PARIS HEARD BATTLE Eastern Sky Lit Tp As- If By Great Elect rica. Storm. Paris, July 15. The inhabitants of Paris and the suburbs, says the Matin, heard violent - artillery firing in the early hours today. The sky toward the east was constantly lit up as if by a great electrical storm. Those who were on the boulevards after midnight listened to the can nonade, while small groups gathered on the high points of the city to watch the distant heavens. The noise of the firing was particularly loud in the southern part of the city. "ALL'S WELL" LONDON Developments Following German At tack Are Quite Satisfactory. London, July 15. The feeling in London on the situation following the German attack In France Is that the developments are quite satisfactory. THIS FIFTH GREAT DRIVE IS KAISER'S LAST FOR SEASON If He Fails AND HE WILL It Is Last Major Operation. Military Men at Washington Agree on "Bad Days Ahead." ALLIES AREIn BETTER SHAPE Americans and French Much Stronger Than March 21. After This Conies Yankee Strength and War Is Over! Washington, July 15. Germany's fifth great drive in the west, opening today against the Franco-American forces on a 65-mile front, was expected by military men here to be her great est and last major offensive action. Military men agree that difficult days are again ahead. - But, they say, the French and Americans are in better shape to withstand the blow than were the al lies when the first drive started, March 21. This operation, they predict, will be halted. Some ground will be given, but none believed the Germans will win a strategical victory. If he fails as expected, It is probable he cannot undertake another major operation this year. Then with American strerfgth constantly and rapidly grow ing, the man power balance will swing against him. That means he will be on the defensive and that in time he will be defeated. Road to Paris. The Germans, it is believed here, have selected the road to Paris for re newal of their drive, officers here be lieved today, judging from- early re ports on the violent movement, which began at dawn. Whether the effort Is designed ac tually to be pressed against the French capital or to pave the way for later assaults north of Amiens on the road to the channel ports, believed to be the main objective of the whole German plan, was the subject of in terested speculation. The new battle line runs clear around Rheims in its fifty-mile sweep from Chateau Thierry, where the first and second American divisions are known to bo in line. American troops In the Jaulgonne sector of the Marne, east of Chateau Thierry, also are in volved. v - '' To Check Supplies. ".- - The object of the , bombardment Is to harass the movement of supplies and reinforcements to the danger point, ana tne careful preparations of the enemy may mean ihat he is ready to keep up the assault for days or weeks in the effort to drive thru. Just where the main force of the attack will fall Js not clear. The apex of the German advance on the Aisne front Is at Chateau-Thierry, where the American first corps now holds the left flank of the new battle line. Presumably the main objective in this assault is some place to the east of that point which lies on the direct road to Paris. It Is regarded as possible that the purpose of the attack is to widen still further the Aisne salient by the re duction of Rheims and the forcing back of the whole southern extremity of the 1918 battle area. A previous at tack on Rheims was halted in its tracks by French and Italian troops and that place is now the center of a greatly increased assault. In some quarters this was taken to mean that reduction of the Rheims salient is re garded as vital to the success of the German enterprise as a whole. Extensive employment of naval guns for long range bombardment of the allied rear positions suggests that It was the time required to bring up and emplace these weapons that held up the German drive. DEMAND MORE WAGES Union Telegraphers will Make Terms When Government Takes Control. Chicago, July 15. Union telegraph ers will demand wage increases, short er hours and reinstatement of dis charged emnlnvea - nnn i ' , " " " o tins gov ernment assumes control of wire sys- . jvunencamp. president of the operators' union announced today Seven Or SPV.n an a U 1 i , , ... ' nours I or night work will be one of the demands to be drafted by a convention of dele gates. Konencamp Issued a statement expressing gratification over the ac tion of congress. ST. LOUIS JIRE MYSTERY PoUee Blame Incendiarism for $400,. 000 Blaze Sunday. St. T.nufat TW T..1 1- . . ,7 uij l j. -oiice to day believed incendiarism caused the ... ,!, y aunaay morning de stroyed 400,000 worth of property in the business district explosions in the buildings shortly after the fire broke out were caused by gasoline, police say. Employes in the hn i M i n tnnv mm . v. l . . aa.u mcro iiau been nothing explosive In the stores TOOK ONLY FORTY MINUTES FOR END OF GERMAN U-BOAT London, July 15. Within forty minutes recently a British submarine accounted for a German U-boat. The story in brief is: "10:30 a. m. .Sighted enemy sub marine, so dived and altered course. "10:47 a. m. Enemy picked up in periscope. "10:50 Stern tube torpedo fired.. "10:53a.m. Sharp explosion heard. "11:10 a. m. Came to surface and sighted oil right ahead with three men swimming In it Two were picked up. but the third sank before we couii reach him. ived. Survivors stated that submarine V was hit just before the conning, tower." AMERICANS WITH U ALLIED FORGES OCCUPY WHOLE MURMAN COAST After Capturing Kern, Troops Advance Toward Toroki. Russian Bolshevik! Leaders Have Withdrawn Soldiers. CITY OF KAZAN IS CAPTURED Czecho-Slovak Army Puts To Bout Russ-Hun Allies. Soviet Government To Move From Moscow to Murom. London, July 15. American and British troops have occupied the whole of the Murman coast, in northern Rus sia, says a dispatch from Moscow to the Central News agency by way of Amsterdam. After capturing Kem, a railroad station on the White sea coast, the dispatch adds, the American and Brit ish forces advanced toward Toroki, the Russian Bolshevik! authorities having withdrawn to Toroki. The commanders of the entente al lied forces have issued an appeal to the population on the Murman coast requesting help against Germany and u-; i -i . i j , . . . . - liiitxiiu. il is ueciarea mat tne Mur man coast is Russian territory under the protection of the entente powers. At the express request of the Rus sians considerable allied forces are now on the Murman coast which is on the Arctic ocean to the extreme north of Russia. On this coast there are several harbors which are free from ice all the year round and are con nected by rail with Petrograd. More forces are being sent and the local population is co-operating with the troops which have already ar rived to defend these railways. Not Many Americans. ; Washington July 1 B. American participation in the Joint entente oc cupation of the Murman coast of Russia bordering the Arctic ocean,- so far as known here. Is limited to ma rines and bluejackets, and the number of these, which is not large, cannot be "definitely stated, according to the rules of the censorship. War department officials said to day no' American troops have been landed on the Murman coast to their knowldege and that if it should turn out that such troops had made their appearance in the neighborhood of Archangel and Kola, they must have been dispatched at the suggestion of General Foch, supreme, commanding general, from some of the large num ber of American troops now in train ing in English concentration camps. An official dispatch from Rome says the entire Italian sress comments upon the presence of allied troops on the Murman coast and the general impression Is that the occupation will facilitate an agreement so that as sistance to Russia will' not be con fined to simple protective measures for the Kola and Archangel railroads, but will have an international char acter, having as Its aim the complete restoration of the Russian govern ment. Drive Tliem Back. Kem is an Important port on the White sea, about 275 miles south of Kola and 375 miles north of -Petrograd, on the railroad connecting those two cities. f Recent dispatches reported that a combined force of Germans and Finns had reached Kem in their march against the allies and anti-Bolsheviki forces in the Murman region. It would appear that this enemy force either retired before the British or was driven back In fighting. Capture City of Kazan. London, July 15. Czecho-Slovak troops have captured the city of Kazan, 430 miles east of Moscow, an Exchange Telegraph dispatch from , Copenhagen says It is reported from ' ffBSnw Tho fftv w talr-n fifter the Bolshevikl had put up violent resist ance. General Alexleff Named. Amsterdam. July 15. General Alexleff, lormer. Russian chief of staff, has been appointed commander in chief of the antl-Bolshevik! forces, ac cording to a Moscow dispatch today. He arrived at Omsk with a large army and was accorded an enthusiastic re ception. Omsk la In Asiatic Russia. 1,400 miles east of Moscow. Move Soviet Government, Stockholm. July 11. The Soviet government is about to be moved from Moscow to Murom, according to dis patches from Moscow. As a result of Insubordination among Soviet troops. War Minister Trotzky has declared a state of war along the Murman coast and .railway. Murom is one of the oldest cities of Russia. It is on the Oka river. INASLACKERROUNDUP More Than 1,000 Fill Jails and Muni cipal Pier In Chicago. Chicago, July 15. Federal officers here today sorted the slackers from among 1,100 men rounded up for not possessing draft credentials. In the drive. ending at midnight, Sun day, all police stations were filled a- the municipal nier was turned into an internment camp. Thousands of young men were in custody for Driei periods until they provided classification cards. IN RUSSIA FORTY THOUSAND DESERTERS FROM AUSTRIAN ARMY! Fled Inland After Fiave Disas ter Against Italians. Strained Relations Between Germany and Ally Jfow. FALLING BACK ? DISORDER French and Italians Still After the Retreating Enemy. Allied Communications From Macedonia to Adriatic. Londan. July 15. Forty thousand deserters from the Austrian army fled inland after the Piave disaster, the Zurich correspondent of the Daily News has learned from neutral sources, he declared In a dispatch to day. Some of these are armed and are hiding in the mountains. Three thou sand deserters were arrested in Buda pest. Austro-German relations are seri ously strained as a result of the Plave defeat, the correspondent said. German Chancellor von Hertling's re cent statements were the result of Austrian pressure, designed to bolster up the tottering dual monarchy by showing its oppressed people that the central empires "earnestly desire peace. 10,000 Were Drowned. Despite the rigid censorship, Jt Is learned that the Austrian losses on the Piave, exclusive of slightly wounded, were more than 200,000, of which 10,. 000 "'were drowned. Austrian Premier von Seydler, Aus-tro-Hungarian Foreign . Minister Berchtoldt, former . Austro-Hungarian foreign ministers, are going to Ger man headquarters on an important mission. Austrian Retreat In Disorder. Rome, July 15. Further advances by the Italians and French in south ern Albania have seriously threatened the enemy positions and probably will necessitate further retreat northwards, freeing the allied communications be tween western Macedonia and the Adriatic, a dispatch from the Italian front in Albania stated today. The Austrians continue to fall back in disorder, burning depots and vil lages which they are forced to aban don. The village of Bulcsar is in flames. Italian troops, co-operating with the French, have, reached Glu naka pass. The French have completely cleared the heights dominating the conflu ence or the Devoli and Tomnrlca riv ers. British troops in Macedonia made successful raids against the Bul garians west of Lake Doiran. Vienna Admits Advance. V- ,.na. Sunday, July 14 (via Lon don). Allied troops in Albania con tinm to advance, says an official state ment from Austro-Hungarian head quarters today. Increased activity Is noted on the Italian front. The statement reads: "Between Lake Garda and the Adige the reciprocal artillery fire was very active. On the Venetian moun tain front activity has increased. Thle morning Italian battalions fruitlessly attacked southwest of Asiago and north of Mont di Valbella. An en gagement on t'-i western slopes of the Brenta ralley also enrird In our favor. "In Albania the enemy Is gradually pressing forward rjainst new line of resistance. In the Devoli vallev a French squadron has been repulsed." M'ADOO FEELS BETTER Director General Returns to Work After Outing in Mountains. , San Francisco, July 15. Following a three weeks' rest in the California, mountains. Director General of Rail roads McAdoo went back to work te day. He began a three-day conference here with federal railroad officials, in cluding Directors Hale Holden and R. H. Aishton. His health is said u be much improved. Fonr Dead In Accident.. Chicago. July 15. Four were dead here today and nearly thirty persons were in hospitals as a result of a col lision last night at Fort Sheridan be tween an auto truck and an electrts train. The accident occurred near the fort entrance and Injured were taken in me post nospirai. ine trucK loaded with picnickers. TODAY IN THE GREAT WAR JXXY 15, 117. Russians take 1,00 prisoners, many guns, and much territory in Galicia. Germans advance slights ly against French at Cerny. jctt is, iie. British reach German third line of defense north of Somme. Cap ture 2.000 Germans. German high officials favor resumption of to ' ve submarine warfare. JUL.T 15, 115. British-French forces take strong Turkish positions at Oallipoll. Tea tons start new drive on Warsaw.