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The Topeka state journal. [volume] (Topeka, Kan.) 1892-1980, August 12, 1918, HOME EDITION, Image 1

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The kaiser once growled because
U. S. shells were used against him.
Now he's facing his own make.
MTEATHER FORECAST for Kansas:
Partly cloudy, not quite a
tonight and Tuesday. .
For": -edition
TOPEKA, KANSAS, MONDAY EVENING, AUGUST 12, 1918 -EIGHT PAGES
THREE CENTS
AMERICAN FORCE NORTH RUSSIANS
HAS NOW BECOME ! IN DENUNCIATION
LINE WHERE GERMANS ARE TRYING TO STAND
v . ....... ,
LEADERS OF THE
BOLSHEVIKI HAVE
FLED FOR SAFETY
Lenine and Trotzky' Said to
Be in Kronstadt.
FRANCIS FORGED
OUT OF VOLOGDA
BYREDS' POLICY
Pretending Friendship They
. Intercepted Messages
Would ot Allow Ambassador'!
Statements Printed.
PETTIJOHN IN A
SPRINT NOSING -OUT
RYAN LEAD
Dodge City Man Sow Safely
Ahead for Secretary of State.
ENEMY FIGHTS
HARD TO HOLD
OLD 1916 LINE
Makes Strong Stand Before
Chaulnes, Roye and Lassigny.
Only Slight Changes Reported
Since Sunday.
AMERICANS ARE NOW IN BRAY
Are Fighting on Outskirts
the Little French City.
of
French Are Closing In Slowly
on Town of Lassigny.
With the French Armies In the
Fi-ld Auc. 12 (2:40 p. m.). French
troops, closing in upon the Important
lnse of Lassigny. have advanced to
within two miles of that place. They
have captured Gmy (less than twi
miles to the southwest) and have ad
vanced south of Loges wood (two
miles northwest).
There is little change in the situa
tion elsewhere. C-jntr.ct between al
lied ami t:erman forces continues
west of lioye.
Yanks in Bray.
(l:y the Assm-!:tttMl Tress.)
London, Aug. 12 (4.33 p. m.)
American troops are in the suburbs of
l.iay today, fighting a continuous bat
1 tor the outskirts of the little French
city.
Only slight changes in the line as a
whole are reported in despatches
ifyhinic London this afternoon, but
r diuff dons' battle is raging all up and
down the northern section of the pres
ent battle thier A . ,'
Nearly 40,000 Prisoners.
Paris, Aag. 12. Nearly 40,000 pris
oners and 7uo guns have been taken
tiy the allies in Picardy, according to
"eKul.le information here.
Kxtn-mely bitter resistance is bein
encountered from the Germans along
the lin- of Obaulnes-Roye-N'oyo.i The
enemy is bringing up strong reinforce
ments, while the allies are preparing
for a furtlur' advance.
1 rcncli l'nsli on at South.
London, Aug. 12. Apparently the
.-iLiack on the southern part of the
lront was being continued by the
i reiKh this morning. Main interest
e ntered" in tile sector around the
l.iis-sian.v Massif. It is difficult to say
vhetiur the French are on the crest
'it they must lie close to it. The
v.-lioie position on the southern line
depends upon possession of it.
In the region between the Roye road
raid tile Somme the position has been
: .abilizcd. The Germans have massed
heavy artillery on this front and are
h'-avilv counter attacking. The towns
of Albert and Chaulnes seemed to
oay to he held by the enemy, and
lU;ye has not fallen. I
t.cmiiins Tight Hard,
(ity tire Associated l-'ress.)
Mighty efforts are being made by
ihe German hish command to check
ti e allies advance thru Picardy to
ward I'eronne, Roye and Noyon. On
th- northern end ot the battle line, the
Kritish have not been able to progress
rapidly during the past night, altho
London reports unofficially that the
village of Bray has bee'n entered.
In the center strong German coun
ter attacks seem to have held up the
advance against vital points along the
line.
Itnje Reported Taken.
There is ar. unconfirmed report,
however, that Ttoye has keen aban
doned by the enemy. The battle Is
still confined within the limits fixed
when the French extended the fight
ing area to Oise. It has been expect
ed that the combat might spread along
the line, especially northward, but this
oevelopment has not yet been re
ported. Will New IJne Hold.
Interest in the 1'icardy battle now
centers upon the German efforts to
stabilize the front along the line from
Albert south to Chaulnes and to check
the French efforts to envelop the
enemy's positions at Lassigny. There
has been an enemy effort which has
met with a measure of success, to
hold the northern flank of the line
firmly while the allies have pushed
eastward in the direction of Peronne
and Ham. On the southern end of
the front the Germans have been un
able so far to do more than slow down
the progress of the French.
French Make Important Gain.
In this sector an important advance
!s reported in the fact that the French
have reached Antoval on the crest of
the hills west of Rihecourt. In the
German drive early in June the fall
of Antoval proved fatal to French
hopes to hold the valley of the Oise. as
well as the forest of Carlepont, on
the east bank. If Antoval is firmly
held by the French the German lines
long the Oise, it seems, are in danger,
nd if the French continue to gain, the
ircmy'8 retirement from territory held
long the eastern hank of the river
-;iy be forced.
Probably Only Temporary Stand.
Reports would appear to Indicate
hat the line where the present heavy
.ightln? is going on is not the one
upon which the Germans have decided
to stand definitely on the defensive.
On the contrary, the present fight ap
pears to have reached the stage nre-
REAL FIELD ARMY
Will Operate as Separate Or
ganization Like British.
General Fershlng Will Hold
Immediate Command.
l
ALL UNDER JFOCHOF COURSE
Will Operate on the Soissons
Rheims Sector.
Has Been Working as Separate
Units Under French.
With the American Armies In
France, Aug. 12. The first American
field army is now a reality. It has
progressed thrji its conversion division
by division. First were men put into
the field and later individual army
corps were formed.
General Pershing has assumed per
sonal field command of the first army
in addition to his duties as commander-in-chief.
Unit Like- British Army.
Heretofore the American divisions
in the fighting have been operating as
units in the French forces and not as
an independent command.
The organization of the first field
army means that for the first time a
large body of American troops will be
fighting under American leadership.
General Pershing will operate un
der the orders of Marshal Foch in the
same way as does Halg on the British
front.
This new army Is composed of
corps commanded by Major Generals
Liggett, Bullard, Bundy, Reed and
Wright, with various. - division com
manders under them. No announce
ment has been made regarding the
length of time General Pershing will
retain command, or when he will put
his successor in charge. Such a step
probably will involve the designation
of a lieutenant general, a rank which
as yet has not been conferred over
here. The first army is operating in
the sector from which the boche was
driven from the Marne to the Vesle.
PUNISH GENERALS
Three Commanders In Picardy !
Cashiered for Defeat.
Many Hun Soldiers Court
Martialed for Treason.
London, Aug. 12. Three' German
generals recently commanding near
Montdidier have been cashiered .for
neglect of duty, according to Belgian
reports received in Amsterdam and
transmitted by the Exchange Tele
graph company. A large number of
soldiers were court-martialed at St.
Quentin Saturday for high treason.
The Germans in Belgium are show
ing signs of great uneasiness and the
German emperor is reported to have
moved to Brussels.
RECALL SENATORS
Upper House Will Resume Ses
sions Thursday.
Mgn PoMer Bill Will Be Taken
' Up Monday. ''
Washington, Aug. 12. Steps to re
convene the senate so that the admin
istration manpower bill extending
draft ages from 18 to 45 can he taken
up without delay were taken today by
senate leaders, who ordered telegrams
sent to all absentees asking them to be
present next Thursday, when the bill
is reported to the senate.
Under the unanimous consent agree
ment by which the recess was taken,
three days must elapse before any
business can be transacted after a
quorum has been called- and as a re
sult the bill will be taken up next
Monday.
sented three weeks ago when the Ger
mans made a stand along the Ourcq
river and the heights 'of Fere-En-Tar-denois.
This stand it developed was
for the purpose of permitting the
enemy to get his artillery out of dan
ger and remove stores from the
threatened region as far as possible.
Main Stand on oyon-N'eslc Line.
The coming day or two probably will
be marked by savage fighting, especial
ly on the south, where the continued
progress of the French would weaken
the whole German position if it does
not turn the flank of the Xoyon -
Nesle line, which it appears may be
me nrst detinite rront upon which tne
enemy may elect to stand.
The front as stands today runs in
a generally straight line from the
owiniue huuin waru id iiiioiy, w nfre
begins to curve eastward until
reaches the Oise. The hish giound on
the north is p.oving difficult of cap-
ture by the allies, while to the south
neavy lorces or Germa:. reserves are
reported coming into the fight.
Paris reports unofficially that 10.-
000 prisoners have beer taken since '
Thursday mor.ing. Thi ; brings the f
total number of Germans captured in j
Marshal Foch's two great drives up to i
75.000. The number of guns so far!
rsr' - 'iLosE six motorboats
Huns Try to Hold.
By rne Assocdtrd press.)
Standing before the Peronne-Chaul-nes-Roye-Noyon
line, the Germans re
inforced by reserves, are fighting bit
terly to stop the allied advance and
prevent a probable irisaster to their
arms. Ftrith of th SomTrr. the Brit
ish havp slttv.-ofi un Ivt around
(Contiuued on Pane Twn.)
BOLSHEVIKI RULE
Welcome Arrlyal ot Allied
Troops at Archangel.
Believe Interests of Russia and
the Allies the Same.
COUNT ON ALLIED SUPPORT
North Russians Would Reunite
Free Nation.
Reports From AH Over Russia
Tell of Red Defeats.
Washington. Aug 12. The new gov
ernment of the northern district of
Russia welcomes allied Intervention in
Siberia and counts on the aid of Amer
ica, Britain, France and the other al
lies to defend the northern region anu
I t-ondnf unnAmln nnii financial aid.
This information was conta:r.od in a
proclamation issued under date of
August 6. by the revolutionary gov
ernment at Archangel, received by thr
state department today.
Russia's Interests With Allies.
The proclamation stated, that "it Is
convinced that Russia's and the allies'
interests in" the struggle against the
foreign enemy are one and the same.
It is known that the allied troops
come not to interfere with Interna
tional affairs and their arrival is not
against the desires of the local popu
lation. Therefore, the supreme gov
ernment greets the allied forces en
tering the north to wage a contest
against the common enemy and sum
mons the entire population to greet
them gladly and assist by every pos
sible means
Denounce Bolshevik!.
The proclamation which was Issued
directly to citizens of the province and
city of Archangel declared, tne jboi
shevikl power has fallen because the
populace did not support Bolshevik!
leaders. The people rejected them for
their betrayal of Russia at Brest
Litovsk, for civil war, because of the
universal famine, the destruction of
liberty and rights, legalized robbery
and shooting squads and for their
ruination of the country's economic
and industrial life, the proclamation
Bal' ,M of tnia. lt waa a,,ed.
people's representatirwwere forced to
take Into their own hands the govern
ment of the northern region "because
as- yet there is no legal all-Hussian
government."
Would Restore Russia,
The government, it announces, has
undertaken the following tasks:
Re-establishment of a single all
Russian, government and of local self
government. Defense of the north and of the en-,
tire nation against insolent onslaughts
against Russian territory, independ
ence and inhaoitants made by Ger
many, Finland and other enemy coun
tries. Reunion to Russia of lost terri
tory in accordance with the desires
of inhabitants. m
- Re-establishment of the crushed
liberty and true organization of the
popular government, namely the con
stituent assembly, the zemstvos and
tne city dumas.
Re-establishment of a firm adminis
tration of justice.
Guarantees to labor classes that they
will obtain land they are entitled to
and defense of -the rights of labor
of Russia as a whole.
Overcoming the existing famine.
Counts on Allied Assistance.
The proclamation states that the
new government "relies for support
on all classes which treasure the above
objects. In particular it expects to
defend the north with the friendly
assistance to Russia of governments
and peoples of America, England,
France and others. It also counts on
allied assistance against starvation and
financial difficulties."
The proclamation Is signed by sev
eral members of the constituent as
sembly from the northern region and
by the assistant mayor of the city of
Vologda and the vice president of the
Archangel city duma, forming the su
preme government of the northern
territory.
I 1 1 mmuium 10 rapan.
I The Russian Bolshevik! have sent
! an ultimatum to Japan; according to
bweclish press reports received today
by the state department. The nature
of the ultimatum is not disclosed. Re
ports from Kieff declared that the
staff of th Don Cossacks have an
nounced tna t the entire Don region
has been freed of Bolshevik! and is
now garrisoned by a well equipped
army of several thousand. Another re
port thru Swedish sources tells of the
defeat by soviet troops of a Czech
Slovak force at Jaroslav. According to
the same announcement the Germany
j military staff in the Kieff region
1 miimi,i ih. fiirhtintr Mn
is
minimizing the fighting between re
voitlnf, peasants and German troops.
Another Swedish press report states
. that the Bolshevik! have been defeated
, iu the province of Kuban and the only
important city left to them is Novor-
"jrosisk
Secretary Lansing, who returned to-
uay from his vacation, stated that the
j depaitment has no information on the
j reported flight of Lenine and Trotzky
to Germany. He indicated
however.
that if this should be true, it would
not necessarily mean the collapse of
the Bolsheviki movement, inasmuch
as the local Soviets are very inde
pendent and not closely bound to the
Bolsheviki leaders.
Patrol Sent to .Holland Coast to Re
connoltcr Fail to Return.
London. Aug. 12. The admiralty
announced today that six British mo
torboats have failed to return from a
reconnoitering expedition carried out'
on August 11 along the west Friesland
coast of Holland.
gs Bapaume
Albert , . mI
y jCaMoreuil L.
? V Monldifii5r ;
S v V
' omP"vg
0 10 15 20 ZS .
SCALEOPMILBS
aaM Lime according to latest mpofrts-
Cine Before Begihnin&o? auje's drive.
TRY TO SAVE LINE
Germans Seek to Hold PI Total
Points. ?
Are Necessary Even to Proteet
. : J. . . a Retreat, , ..
Paris. Aug. 12 The Germans re
teacting on the allied left with' . cer
tain amount of success, having had
time to get Into line divisions rushed
frantically from the north. It la be
lieved here the fresh troops are being
thrown into the fight in a desperate
endeavor to block the allied advance
toward Nesle. General von Hutier,
who escaped badly 'damaged from the
T r 1 n t H t H i t- nnrlcAl 4a t t-v- t ti c nnw trt
halt temporarily on the lloye-Noyon !
line. He is strong enough at the
Noyon end, where his flank rests on
the Oise. but should the British suc
ceed in debouching from the villages
of Lihons, Chilly, Franzart, Fresnoy
and Goyencourt in the general direc
tion of Kesle, von Hutier's right at
Roye would not only be turned, but
he would be cut off and hopelessly
lost. The entire, line, it Is believed
here, would then go down. ?
Kext Move Back to Eoame.
Should "on Hutier succeed in hold
ing on sufficiently - to get his guns
and material away, liis next move
probably would be back toward the
Somme, pivoting on Noyon. He would
' swing his right back on the line of
Nesle and Noyon, The Germans now
are fighting for time to make this
possible and the fighting is likely to
be even more desperate today than it
was Sunday. The Germans so far have
done no more :lian check the allied
left north of the j'.vre. lt is believed
to be certain that they will spare noth
ing in an ende jr to push it back. .
Vital PolntS on Line.
Paris, Aug. 12. Chaulnes, Roye,
Lassigny and 'Joyon, these are the
vital p. :nts in the general line on
which the Germans are Cesperately
striving to recover their balance and
stem the on-sweeping allies.
General Ludendorff is pulling in re
serves from the entire region and
throwing them into this line. Mean
while he i3 trying to r organize the
divisions hurled back by the French
and British.
Whether the Germans have decided
to make a real stand on this line, or
only a temporary one to enable Gen
eral von Hutier to withdraw his heavy
guns and material, cannot yet be dis
cerned. The allies are now thrusting
wedges between these four main bul
warks In the German line, -In an ef
fort to make them untenable.
Of the four. Chaulnes and Lassigny
seem the likeliest to go first. If these
tall, it can be assumed that the others
will be captured, shortly after which
the Germans would have no line this
side of the Somme upon -which to
stand. The extraordinary rapidity
with which the French are bringing
up their big guns lr, shown by the fact
that freauently the "heavies" are fir
ing from positions where there ha3
been bayonet fighting only twenty
four hours before.
Between Ham and Peronne, where
the Germans are bringing up new di
visions, the allies are bombing and
smashing bridges, while the Germans
are trying frantically to repair them.
Some of these are knocked out and
repaired several times in a day. Avi
ators report the enemy back areas are
choked with retreating transports and
columns of trocps.
GET ANOTHER ZEPPELIN
British Bring One Down In Flames Off
the Dutch Coast.
London. Aug. 12. A German air
ship has been brought down in flamns
Lnorth of Ameland. on the northern
Dutch coast) the admiralty announced
today.
SUB GETS 3 MORE
British, American and Swedish
! . Steamers Victims. ,
Survivors of Swedish Ship Have
s . . - Reached Boston.
'Washington, Aug. 11. Destruction
of the British steamer Penlstone and.
the Swedish steamer Sydland by a
German submarine off the New Eng
land coast was reported today to the
navr department. The Penlstone was
sent down yesterday about 100 miles
east of Nantucket and the Sydland on
August 8 southeast of Nantucket. No
news of the. fate of the crews was
given in the department's dispatch.
Later the navy was advised that
the American schooner, Herman Win
ter, had been sunk in the same gen
eral locality. There is no record here
of a schooner of that name. An
American coastwise steamer named
Herman Winter is reported safe in
port.
Survivors of Sydland Come In.
Boston, Aug. 12. Fifteen survivors
of the Swedish steamer Sydland arriv
ed here today and. reported their ves
sel had been sunk by a German sub
marine Saturday. Fifteen others of the
crew were picked up by another ship.
ah tne memoera ot the Sydland's
crew were rescued.
Sixty Fishermen Still Adrift.
An Atlantic Port. Anr. 1 2. SiVtv i
fishermen including the crews of nine
fishing schooners sunk by a German
"io on lieorge a bank are
afloat in dories In the Atlantic ocean
accoroing to word brought here early
today by four survivors of the attack
rescued by the auxiliary schooner Hel
en Marley. According to the rescued
nsnermen a fleet of 30 sailing vessels
was attacked Saturday night by the
submarine, several making their
escape before the subma.lne could
make ready to sink the ships.
cport linking of British Ship.
Aiictntic .fort, Aug.
12. A British
merchant steamer. ws .imv i .-
off the north Atlantic coast, accord
ing to th second officer of the Ger
man submarine which sent nine fish
ing scnooners to the bottom- off
George's Lanks Saturday and Sunday 1 ihe. H"" wenty-four hours was 78 at
This report was given members of the . 7 ") tmol"e- , ,
crew of the Kate Palmer, a fishing ! .Aicordlnt to Meteorologist Flora
schooner, when thy were taken aboard temperature today may go above
the U-boat. The fishermen did not I 1 i,,v . , .
iear, the name of the Britisher, but , Jh" 'j1- S'V "iq60?
were informed that she had two for ,aate,wa 105 'n "".'he
smokestacks. The men were brought1 !west ",n x93; ?nl8i?i mpera
early today a oarC the auxiliary j 'ure 7 about 75. The tempera-
schooner Helen Muriey. - I tomorrow afternoon will again
T'l. I 1.. 1 w-,,.i
..aalj , 111 .JaI,Iiy. j
The crew of the Palmer reported I
that probably thirty vessels were in
tne immediate vicinity at the time of
the attack. They said they heard fir
ing nearly all day Saturday. They
Uk7n aboara and ke
a hou- while the submarine proceed
ed in a westerly direction. Later they
were told to get into their dory and
were cast adrift. They were picked
up five hours later by the Muriey.
The- did not see their schooner
sunk, but assumed she was destroyed
by a bomb.
The fishermen reported that the
submarine was 300 feet long and car
ried a crew of about seventy. A six
inch gun was mounted forward and a
smaller one t-rn. Tr.e second offi
cer told them that the submersible
could make 21 knots on the surface.
All Work of One UBoat.
Washington. Aug. 12. All the ves
sels are believed by naval officers to
have been accounted for by the U
boat' which has - been operating in
north Atlantic waters for two weeks
or more. The Pemistone was sunk
near George's benk. off the Massachu
setts coast, where some eleven fishing
boats were destroyed yesterday, the
Herman Winter of 1,768 tons, the
Sydland 1,844 tons.
Seesaw Contest Seems Safely
Settled, 75 Counties.
OTHER OFFICES ARE CERTAIN
Travis, Supt. Ins.; Hopkins,
Att'y Gen.; Wooster Schools .
Burch Scare Has Passed and
Graham Is Out of Race.
With returns from 75 of the 105
counties of the state, L. J. Pettijohn
of Dodge City holds a lead of 1,000
votes over Frank J. Ryan of Leaven
worth for the Republican nomination
for secretary of state. Twenty-one of
the thirty missing counties are in the
Sixth and Seventh districts, which
should insure the holding -of PetU
john's present lead.
The race for secretary of state Is by
far the closest contest for state office
in last week's primaries, according to
all indications. ' Pettijohn, who came
from far behind in the early returns,
now seems to. have an appparently saf j
lead. Early returns from the arm v.
camps, indicated Ryan would cut Pet
tijohn's lead somewhat. The soldiers
in voting below governor took an ap
parent interest in the short names an
such candidates pulled out ahead on
early reports.
A few missing counties may dent
Pettijohn's present plurality. On the
other hand Jie has ten counties miss
in? from the big Seventh district, his
home. Reports from twenty-two of
the thirty-two counties showed Petti
john ran ahead of Ryan, In every
county . in the district. He has also
made a strong race in most of the
Sixth district counties. Eleven Sixth
district counties are missing from the
final returns.
All counties except Nemaha have
reported in the First district. The
counties of Anderson and Bourbon
are missing from Second district re
turns, while Elk and Wilson in the
Third have not sent final reports.
Four t ountits in the Fourth district
Marion, Osage, Wabaunsee and
Woodson are tcDe heard from on
final returns. In the Sixth district
tha missing counties include: Chey
enne, Decatur, tXis, Gove, Jewell, Os-
oorne, FbllUpj. Rawlins, Sheridan,
Thomas and Wallace. Seventh dis
trict counties yet to report are: Bar
ber, Barton. Clark, Comanche. Gray.
Hodgepun, Ness, Rush, Stanton and
wicnita.
For Other .Jobs.
Miss Lizzie E. Wooster appears to
have a very safe lead over W. D. Ross
for state superintendent of public in
struction, altho Wyandotte today gave
itoss a ieaa ot zsu. koss also ran
ahead In the army vote.
Frank L. Travis seemingly has run
away with the nomination for state
superintendent of insurance. Richard
J. Hopkins is strongly in the lead for
attorney general and Fred Knapp has
a sate lead for a second term as state
auditor. Justice Rousseau A. Burch re
ceived a real scare in his race for re-
nomination as associate justice of the
supreme court. Returns today, how
ever, indicate he is safely in the lead
or A. A. Graham of Topeka.
Chas. S. Huffman's lead for lieuten
ant governor is growing and W. R.
Smith has thousands of votes to spare
in his race for a third term as state
printer.
COOL WAVE COMING
!
Northwestern Temperature Doe to
Reach Here Tuesday Night.
- WEATHER FORECAST FOR KANSAS
Pnrtly cloudy toulght and Tuesday, not so
warm tonight la north and west -portions.
Temperature. Readings:
7 o'clock 78
8 o'clock 80
11 o'clock 92
12 o'clock 94
1 o'clock 96
2 o'clock 99
9 o'clock 84
10 o'clock 88
The wind was blowing at 20 miles
! an hour from the southwest at 2
o'clock. Temperature averaged 11 de
grees above normal: w
Sunday was the hottest August 11 on
record. . The lowest temperature in
v.
Weatherman Flora says that there Is
. (OinllnnfM "It Twn
CELEBRATE VICTORY HERE
Sing Central Park
School Tuesday Evening.
Topekans will have an opportunity
to celebrate the recent victories in
France at a community sing to be
held at Central Park school grounds
m the southwest part of the city Tues-
aay evening. August 13.
The patriotic singing under the lead
ership of N. W. r.cnning of the City
T. M. C. A. will be followed by a short
patriotic address by Percy Atkins, Y.
M. C. A. secretary ffom France.
Special musical numbers will be
given by Mrs. Benning and by Miss
Florence Bair. . The local union of
Christian Endeav - has charge of the
evening program.
- Bringing - in Survivors.
An Atlantic Port, " Aug. 12 Two
steamers with survivors of vessels
sunk by Gernaan submarines off the
Massachusetts coast reported today
that they were proceeding to port, but
the number aboard or the names ef
the ships were not stated.
Revolutionary Forces
Strong in Moscow.
Too
HUN AMBASSADOR GETS OUT
Fear's Reign of Terror in Mos
x cow and Petrograd.
Anti-Bolshevlki Movement Has
Been Growing Rapidly.
London, Aug. 12. Premier Lenine
and his chief assistant, Leon Trotzky,
have fled to Kronstadt, the naval base
near Petrograd, according to a dis
patch sent out by the semi-official
Wolff bureau of Berlin and printed in
Zurich newspapers, says a Havas re
port from Paris. - '
Bolsheviki Ahnnt Done For.
Amsterdam. Aug. 12. The position
of the soviet government in .Russia is
considered very serious by the Moscow
correspondent of the Tageblatt of Ber
lin. He announces that the Czecho
slovak forces have increased from
7.600 to 306,000 and are being rein
forced by- 'Serbians, Cossacks and
connter revolutionists.
Renorts received in London Sunday
that the Bolshevik leaders intended to
flee to Germany lent color to the Ger
man report that they Already have
gone to Kronstadt. Copenhagen dis
patches Sunday said that the anti-Bol-
sheviki movement in Russia was
growing rapidly and that the Bolshe
viki government virtually had gone to
pieces. These reports were taken
from Russian newspapers. Lenine
and Trotzky have been in power since
the overthrow of the Kerensky cabi
net last November. They negotiated
the Brest-Litovsk peace.
Hun Ambassador Gets Ont.
Amsterdam, Aug. 12. Doctor Helf
ferich, the German ambassador to
Russia, has informed the soviet gov
ernment that he will move the em
bassy from Moscow to Pskov, because
he fears for the personal safetv of his
staff, says an official telegram from
Berlin. This action, it is added, was
decided upon becouse of a proclama
tion of the social revolutionists that
they were about to begin a--reign of
terror-. in Moscow.- Pskov was selected
Because "conditions at Petrograd are
almost as bad as at Moscow.-- - t -More
Government to Kronstadt.
Amsterdam. Aug. 12. The Bol
shevik government will shortly leave
Moscow for Kronstadt, the Berlin
Lokal Anzeiger states today Premier
Lenine and War Minister Trotzky have
already reached there, the newspaper
adds.
VILLA MASSACRE
Bandits Hold Up Mexican Train
1
in Chihuahua.
Sixty-Six Killed and Seventy
Wounded by Outlaws.
El Paso, Aug. 12. Twenty-six pas
sengers an-- forty soldiers of the train
guard of fifty men were killed, and
seventy soldiers and civilians wounded
when the northbound train on the
Mexican Central railroad was held up
at Consuelo, Chihuahua, fifty miles
south of Chihuahua City. Mex.. Satur
day. The tjandits were Villa followers,!
uiiucr tiuminanu oi martin iopez. rne
passengers left alive and the bodies of
the dead ere stripped of their cloth
ing and valuables.
A military train carrying a strong
force of soldiers was rushed to the
scene,
DENOUNCE WAR
Socialists In Convention Oppose
Their Country.
Applause Follows Pro-German
Speech by Debs.
Chicago. Aug. 12. Government
agents - today were scattered thruout
the hall -in which state socialist sec
retaries began the third day of their
annual conference. A series of reso
lutions possibly touching on the St.
Louis platform, was expected.
Eugene V. Debs, former Socialist
candidate for president, and now un
der indictment, charged with disloyal
utterances, believed he had sounded
the war temper of the gathering yes
terday. Cries- of "Good, good," fol
lowed his statement. "I earnestly hope
there' may be no effort made by any
one here t- change the party's former
attitude toward the war." .
Debs again referred to the world
struggle as a "capitalist war" anC as
serted a "working man has no place
j in it."
A V bniTrrsuy ox .Tt.iaiiBin,
to train organisers, lecturers and
writers was proposed by Professor
Scott. Nearing.
Women Watch Crossings.
Anniston, Ala., Aug. 12. The
Southern railroad haa begun. installing
women as crossing watchmen. rs.
B. M- Mitchell and Miss Lillie Hall,
the pioneers, are showing themselves
fully capable of holding these places.
Their hours are from- 7 a. m. to 7 p.m.
Methodlsts In IJnc.
Lafayette. Ind., Aug. 12. Dr. Dan.
Brummitt told members of the Meth
odists church at Brttle Ground insti
tute that there are today more than
a half million Methodists fishting with
the armies ef the allies overseas. -
KEPT FACTS FROM PEOPLE
Francis Believes in Populace
of Russia.
Declares They Will Rise and
Throw Out Huns.
(By the Associated Press.)
Vologda. Russia, July 25.-Therea
son for American Ambassador Fran
cis and the other allied diplomats '
leaving Vologda for Archangel today
was their refusal to comply with In
sistent demands of the Bolshevik for
eign office that they move to Moscow.
M. Tchitcherin, the foreign minister.
telegraphed several times to Ambas
sador Francis that Vologda was not
safe place for the embassy. He also)
sent Carl Radek, assistant foreign
minister, to confer with the diplomats
Declined to Go to Moscow.
Ambassador Francis and his col
leagues declined to go to Moscow.
Tchitcherin telegraphed that Archan
gel was not a lit place for the am
bassadors in case of siege, but was
willing to grant a train on condition
that the embassies leave Russia as
soon as a ship could be provided. The
allied diplomats accepted.
In a final message to the Russian
foreign minister. Ambassador Francia
said he had no desire to leave Russia
unless, forced to do so and in any event
his absence would be only temporary
The consuls of the allied countries. h
said, would remain in Russia. Tchit
cherin said the departure of the am
bassadors would not alter in the
slightest the relations of Soviet Rus
sia with the allied countries and as
sured the acting American consul gen
eral, Mr. Poole, that there was no
reason why the consuls and citizens of
allied nations should not remain.
The final message sent to Tchitch
erin by Ambassador Francis, as dean
of the diplomatic corps, reviewed the
correspondence lhat led to the de
cision of the ambassadors to go to
Archangel and continued:
"Your message expressing friendly
feelings for the people I represent and
the desire on your part to maintain
relations with them Is appreciated, but
you will permit me to sa y that your"
treatment of me, as their representa-.
tiveTfloee not accord with such expres-
sions. While I have refrained from In
terfering In the Internal affairs of
Russia, I have considered the Russian
people were still our allies and have
more than once appealed to them to
unite with us in resisting the common
enemy; I have furthermore recom
mended to my government many times
to send food to relieve the sufferings
of the Russian people and to ship
agricultural implements.
Communication Cut Orf.
"A wireless message sent from
! yirashlnBton ,n ?.u,y V and rece,ved at
Moscow was delivered to ine after last
midnight. July 24. It stated that no
message had been received from me .
of later date than June 24, except one
sent thru Archangel on July 7, advis
ing of the killing of the German am
bassador, it furthermore stated the
department had cabled me often and
fully. I have received no cable from
my government that was sent after
July 3, except two wireless messages
inquiring why they did not hear from
me: I had cabled fully every day.
"Moreover, the press of Vologda
and doubtless the entire press of Russia-
have received an order to print
nothing from any allied ambassador
or representative without first sub
mitting the same- to the soviet govern
ment. Some Journals in Vologda and
some In Petrogrrtd did print your first
tele-Tram inviiir.g and ordering the
(Mplcmatic corps to come to Moscow
and our reply thereto. These were
fiivewi to the press by myself and for
the 'nform-.tion of the Russian people
and because I thought secret diplo
macy had "been abolipffed In Russia.
IU fused to Iet People Have Facta.
"Upon hearing that the press was
forbidden to publish further corre
spondence concerning our removal to
Moscow the diplomatic corps decided
to have printed in pamphlet form in
Russiai. the entire correspondence on
the subject, together with some ex
cerpts from the stenographic reDort of
an Interview between your representa
tive, naoei ana myself. These pam.
phlets have been ready for delivery
for two days.- but we are informed
that the central soviet committee or
the extraordinary revolutionary staff
of Vologda has prohibited the deliv
ery of the same to us."
Ambassador Francis then Infnrm
Tchitcherin that all the allied ambasw
sadors were acting in harmony and
snared the same views. He contm-
Has Faith In Rnsslan People.
"Your telegram states that Arch
angel is not a fit residence for
ambassadors in the event of a 'siege.
Do you expect a German siege of
Archangel? Ce.-talnly you do not an.
ticlpate an .allied siege of that city.
I can only repeat what I have said
to you and to the Russian people many
times, and that Is, the allies have
nothing to fear from the Russian
people, with whom they consider
themselves still in alliance against th
common enemy. Spakii.g for myself.
I have no desire or Infritloi. of leav
ing Russia unless forced to do so. and
in such" event my absence would be
but temporary. I would not properly
represent mr government or the senti
ment "f the American people if I
should leave Russia at this time.
"The allies have never recognizee)
the Brest-Litovsk peace ard it is be
coming -so' burdensome to the Russian
people that In my Judgment the time
is not far distant when they will turn
upon. Germany and the expulsion of
the enemy from the Russian borem
I will demonstrate what I have contln-
I uously believed, and that is. that th
national spirit of Great Russia is net
' dead, but has only been sleeping.'

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