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THE TOPEKA i)AILY STATE JOURNAL THUFSDAY EVENING, AUGUST 15, 1918
An Independent Newspaper BX FRANK P. UACLEKNAN VOLUME XL. No. 1S Entered as second-class matter. OFFICIAL STATIC PAPER. OFFICIAL PAP EK CITY OF TOPEKA. Subscription Kates. By mall lo advance, one year $4.80 By mail In advance, six moutbi.... 2.40 ' liy mall In advance, three mouths. L.0 By mall i advance, one moutli.... .50 Bates by Carrier. One week 12H cents Two weeks for a quarter.... MS ceuta Four weeks 50 centa Telephone Eastern orfiees: Paul Block, representa tive. -M Fiftli avenue. New Vork; Mailers 'JuUtliug, Chicago. Little Bids., Boston; Kresse building. Detroit; Lewis Bldg., Buffalo. Member: Assoelat-d Press, American Newspaper Publishers' Association. Audit Bureau of Circulation. MUM ISt It OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS. The Associated Press is exclusively en titled to the use for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or not other, wise credited iu this paper and also the local news published herein. INFORMATION FOR ALL HEADERS OF THE TOPEKA STATE JOURSAL. Each reader of the State Journal is of fered the Jiiltinlted nse of the largest In formation bureau in the world. This Service Bureau la located in the na tional capital, where it is In immediate touch with all the great resources of the Uiiited States goverument. It can answer practically any question yon want to ask. but it cannot give ad vice, nor make exhaustive research. The war has forced so many changes In the dallv life of the American people that the services of this Information bureau will be invaluable to all who use it Keep in touch with your government during these trying times. It can help yon in a thousand ways it yonr wants are only made known. The State Journal pays for this splendid service in order that every one of its read era hit take free advantage of it. Ion are welcome to use it as often as you like, Wptt. vitiir rpnneat briefly. siltu your name and address plainly, enclose a 8-cent stamp for return postage, ana auoress iu TOPEKA STATE JOUKNAL 1NF0KMA irtnv KiMiVlI' Frederic J. Haskins. Director, Washing- ton, D. C. When the war is over, Germany's peace proposals must be met as re lentlessly as has been her war mak ing. She lulled the world into a state of unpreparedness "by protestations that her armies were intended for the preservation of the peace of the world. It is inconceivable that the al lies will again be deceived by the same power and in a similar way. The only way to keep the Huns peace able is to render them incapable of staging a fight. America must'be pre pared for appeals to her generositg and magnanimity, both abroad and at home. The power of the Hohenol-K-rns and the Hapsburgs must be broken forever. There must be a change in the German and the Aus trian governments, or the central powers must be disintegrated if the v. orld is to be made safe for democ racy. The colossal expenditure of blood and treasure by democratic peoples in the past four years must not go for raught. It Is not enough that there by we of this age escape German dom ination. The work which we are now doing must be made to last for ages to come. A Hun peace offensive Is almost due." Let us be prepared for U. Hoover says that if the consump- tion of food by 110,000,080 Americana would only go back to what It was before the war the problem of feeding the alliesout of the surplus would be instantly solved. Well, why doesn't he put it up to them squarelyT They have shown a disposition to do every thing he has asked of them up to this Time. The zone postal system is reported to ba producing exactly the result the publishers predicted. Increased prices of newspapers and magazines is the first result. A second result, which will be more apparent as time goes on, is reduction of Income to the govern ment. When a price is advanced be yond all reason the effect is so to curtail use as to reduce Income. This haa already shown Itself In the de creased revenue from postal cards since the price has been doubled. A capitalist is a man who produces more than he consumes, saves the sur plus and makes It earn him more. This would be a sorry world If we did not have excess producers, savers and investers. Our revenue laws should, of course, place the tax upon those who are best able to pay, but care should be exercised not to discourage or destroy excess production, saving and re-investment. The German public was told that the Americans would not be worth considering as fighters until they had been given four years' training In France. But they really have been tfoing very well for freshmen. The United States treasury has ex tended additional credits of $100,000, 000 to France, $9,000,000 toBelgtum, and $3,000,000 to Serbia. The total of credits advanced to our associates In the war against Germany is now $3,492,040,000. Probably we shall never again hear the national guardsmen called "tin soldiers." They have proven them selves to be men of Iron. It was the "Rainbow" division of the national guard that, on the Oureq, met and defeated picked divisions of the Prus sian and Bavarian guards. , So strictly Is the food conservation rule observed In the United States at present, says the Christian .Science Monitor, that it is all one can do to obtain a pinch of sugar with one's or der in a cafe. On the other hand, so - loosely Is the food conservation rule observed that one can obtain, by pay ing,, all the candy one can carry away. Perhaps the way to square these ap- parent contradictions would bo to vis it the candy shop before entering the cafe. Yet, one may be in the position where if he buy the candy ire will not have enough money left to pay for the meal. -. AID FOB WHEAT GROWERS. It haa been discovered that the fund to aid farmers in purchasing seed wheat cannot be handled thru the state banks. But Is there Any thing to prevent the state bank from becoming a part of the Federal Re serve system? President. Wilson haa placed at the disposal of the treasury and agricul tural departments $5,000,000 to en able them to furnish aid to wheat growers in certain sections of the west who have lost twd- successive crops by winter killing and drouth. The Federal land banks will act as financial agents of the government to make and collect the loans. This fund Is not Intended to be lent to farmers who have banking collateral; the action of the war finance corporation In urging the banks to finance such farmers and its promise to support them in such financing. It Is believed, will amply provide for them. Loans from this fund will be made to Individuals who have not banking collateral, and only where it Is neces sary to enable a farmer to continue to grow food products. The money will be advanced upon the crop of wheat or substitute grains planted on the land, and no loan will be in ex cess of JS per acre and no applicant financed beyond 100 acres. The use of the fund will be under the joint control of the treasury and department of agriculture; as the machinery for the work is already In existence, no substantial delay Is ex pected. The sinking of American fishing craft by German submarines may not be so reprehensible as the bombing of hospitals and churches but it M equal ly ineffective from a, military stand point. It merely serves to gratify the Knn appetite for destruction. THE FOURTH LIBERTY LOAN. The fourth liberty loan campaign nill begin Saturday, September 28, and close October 19. No American doubts its success; no good American will fall to contribute to Its success. The blood cf our men fallen in Europe caiU to us; our answer must be and will be worthy of them and our country, A little over a year ago there were some $00,000 United States bondhold ers; -there are now between 20,000k000 and 25,000,000. Awakened patriotism has made the American people a sav ing people, a bond-buying people. The effect of the liberty loans on the na tlonaKcharacter, on our national life, on the individual citizen and on our home life is immeasurable of Incal culable benefit. Not less incalculable is their effect on the destiny of the world as our ships plow the seas and our men and material' in Europe beat back the Hun. The United States entered the war on April 6, 1917. Eighteen days later by a practically unanimous vote con gress passed the liberty loan bond bill. On May 2 the first liberty loan was announced, on May 14 flie details were made public, and on the 15th the campaign began and closed one month later. The Issue was for 12,- 000.000,000, the bonds bearing.? per cent Interest and running for 15-30 years. Four and a half million sub scribers subscribed for more than $3,- 000,000,000 of the bonds. Only $2,- 000,000,000 was allotted.. - The outstanding features of the first liberty loan were the promptness with which it was arranged and conducted, mo patriotism or the newspapers. banks, corporations, organizations and people generally ln working for Its success, and the heavy over-subscrlp. tion of more than B0 per cent. The secopd liberty loan campalem opened on October 1, 1917, and closed on October 27. The bonds of this is sue bear 4 per cent Interest and run for' 10-25 years. It was announced that $0 per cent of the oversubscrip tion would be taken. .Nine million subscribers subscribed to $4,617,532, 000 of the bonds, an oversubscription of 54 per cent. Only $5,808,786,150 of the bonds were allotted. inia campaign was marked with the same enthusiastic support of the public as its predecessor. The labor and fraternal organizations were es pecially active In this campaign, and the women of the country did efficient organised work which greatly contrib uted to the success of the loan. The men in the army and navy worked for and subscribed largely to the loan. The third liberty loan campaign opened on April (, 1918, one year ex actly after our entrance into the war, and closed on May 4. The bonds of this issue bear 4 It per cent Interest and run for ten years, are not sub ject to redemption prior to maturity, and carry no conversion privilege. The loan was announced for $3,000,000, C00, but the right was reserved to ac cept all additional subscriptions. Sev enteen million subscribers subscribed for $4,170,019,650 of the bonds, all of which was allotted. " n A great feature of this loan was its very wide distribution among the peo rle thruout the Union and the fact that the country districts promptly and heavily subscribed to the loan. In a great measure making up their quotas earlier than the' cities. The Russian bear has been a long time In emerging from his period of hibernation but he is once more walk ing abroad. TOPEKA. STATE JOURNAL INFORMATION BUREAU FREDERIC J., HAEKIN. Director, Washington, D. C CRIME AND TAXES. ' J Why Both Increase. Washington, D. C. Aug.' 12. America occupies a leading place In the civilized world in the production of crime and insanity. It spends enormous sums to capture and con fine criminals and mental defectives, without in the least diminishing the number of them at large, or the amount of damage they do. Its crim inal raws, criminal courts and penal Institutions are at least a quarter of a century behind the times. In the. light of modern scientific knowledge they are practically and theoretically absurd. That Is the gist of a report which Dr. William J. Hickson, director of the Psychopathic laboratory of the Chicago municipal court has made to Chief Justice Harry Olson. It is based upon a study of over four thousand criminals in the scientific laboratory which Judge Olson and the judges of the municipal court have established in connection with the city courts of Chicago, and is the first extensive study of American crime and crim inals which has ever been made, from the viewpoint of modern medicine and psychiatry. It offers jroof that nearly all crime is committed by persons mentally defective; that punishment, other than death or life imprisonment, does not act asa deterrent to crime because the criminal is motivated b impulses beyond his control; and that, therefore, the whole theory of our criminal law is wrong, and their effect in preventing fundamental crime al most negligible. This report does not pretend to pre sent a new theory of crime, but one wnicn has been recognized and suc cessfully practiced in Europe for more than twenty years. Dr. Hickson has been a student in leading European crime clinics, and has merely brought to America what has been tested and proved abroad. The report is especially significant at this timi-, because the whole -unsolved problem of the delinquent citi zen has been brought sharply to the fore by his induction into military service. About two per cent of the population is mentally defective, and a large percentage of these two mil-1 lions of people are either actually or potentially criminals. A defective in civil life is dangerous, but in an armed force hij prc-sence is a catastrophe. Tet our government, when we entered the 'war, ha3 neither method nor trained men for identifying and elim inating these recruits That is why we nave heard, so much of soldier crime and military executions. ;row the war department Is at work on the problem. Under Major Te-kes of the surgeon general's office, a sys tem of mental tests has already been instituted. These alone are Insuffi cient; for the diagnosis of defectives is a matter of medicine and pyschla- try even more than of psychology. The Chicago psychopathic laboratory has worked - out a complete method Tor making such diagnoses. The war de partment is making a study of meth ods, and steps are being taken to give the American army and navy effectual protection .'.gainst the delinquent and the defective. This government work In the diag nosis of delinquents Is of the highest importance for another reason. If properly carried out, it will be no less than a sifting and sorting of the male population fAmerica. AncTThiS will leave in government hands, tens of thousands of insane and criminals, who will have to be cared for; it will bring the whole problem sharply to the attention of the federal power. This report of the Chicago Psycho pathic laboratory is a challenge to every city and to every citizen in the United States. It"tells the taxpayer that he is payii.g heavily for a police force to catch criminals, for courts to try them, for Jails, penitentiaries and asylums to confine them, and that in spite of all, crime is increasing. This alone is proof, which any layman can grasp, that our legal theory of crime and punishment is somehow wrong. The daily comedy of the courts is an other proof. And the legal theory of crime is bound to be wrong, as Doctor Hickson points out, because the law looks backward to precedents, the older the better, disregarding the progress of forward-looking science. It sits facing the tail of its .donkey, and triesto steer .its course by land marks far behind, -i bile the traffic ahead presents an ever-shifting prob lem. The legal theory of crime and pun ishment has the charm of simplicity. It holds that if" a man commits a crime and is punislied. he will refrain from doing the same thing again, and t"..at the example of his misfortune will deter others from doing it. This theory is undoubtedly applicable toJ. normal persons. And the law also recognizes insanity as a factor in crime. It says that if a man is so crazy that he cannot tell right from wrong, it is useless to punish him for wrongdoing. This smug and comp'lete legal theory of crime is of very ancient standing. It is descended from the Biblical rule of an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth. It is supported by precedent of the mor-t impressive kind. The great law-givers of all time, from King bolomon to the lord high chancellor of England, have rendered their deci sions in accordance with it. But certain European scientists, by the radical method of studying the criminal asking him questions, learn ing his heredity, sawing open his skull and looking at his brain have ren dered the wisdom of Solomon and the Lord Hiph Chancellor practically neg ligible. They have in effect thrown the judge out of court. They have shown, In the first place, that only a very nma!l percentage of crime is committed by normal persons; that abnormal persons are not deter red either by the experience or by ex ample of punishment, betaruse they are driven to crime by impulses be yond their control; and that, there fore, the punishment theory is not ap plicable to them. This is also em- plrically proved by the fact that nearly all criminals are punished again and acain without being reformed, and without esy diminution In the vol ume of crime committed. Science shows that the legal theory that a man should be punished for his crimes, if he can distinguish "between right and wroner. Is equally fallacious. For many criminals afflicted with de mentia praecox, for example, are well aware what is criminal and what is rot, but are inevitably driven to crime by the impulses of their diseased brins. Furthermore, the taw. failing to see the role which insanity plays, has failed to provide any adequate means of identifying insanity. The courts I l 1 . . ...,11 in all onrla rtt dnMnm In i . -"-'. . " " give expert testimony as to the sanity of persons on trial, and among these are almost every sort except special ists In criminal insanity. These doc tors nearly always disagree. We have even had the spectacle of a man who Is declared insane and dangerous in one state and perfectly sane in another. The attempts of bar and bench to deal with the problems of insanity in relation to crime have simply disgusted the public and caused it to lose faith in the scientific diag nosis of delinquents. The law cannot be said to nave progressed in its attitude toward crime, but It haa passed thru various phases. Long ago it generally Killed the offender. At one time there were on the English statute books 165 crimes . punishable by death, includ ing such minor ones as stealing a pig, or three shillings. But this rig orous punishment was abandoned, because, altho it certainly deterred the immediate ' offender, it did not prevent crime. In modern times the opposite sentimental theory, that the criminal Is a hard-used person and needs but a few kind words, has had its innings. Criminals have been put upon their honor, adopted, wept over and prayed for. Sobbing juries ac- quit beautiful ladles who murder their husbands. Malefactors turn poet or novelist and win acclaim in the public press. But crime still in creases. m The environmentalists are another modern school. They assert that the slums with their bad air, their vice and dirt are what make criminals. These people can tell you how many pool-rooms there are to the block In the East side, and how many bars, and how many front bedrooms and how many back. Undoubtedly all these things have a share in the mak ing of criminals; but they are second ary. The primary thing which makes a man a criminal is a lesion in his brain, and he may have Inherited that fronv an ancestor who was deported trom Europe in colonial days. Tfie nub of the trouble is that neithAl er society nor the law has ever asked that fundamental question, which science has now answered: Why is man criminal? Law and society have sought to cure a disease without diag nosing it. The process is about as log ical as an attempt to cure leprosy witn vaseline, or to heal a man shot thru the stomach by sticking a piece or court plaster over the Tound. Indeed, the tre.,' lent of crime Is passing tnVu much the s.me evolution as medical science has already passed thru. For a long time doctors tried to cure all ailment.-? by a.tacking the symptoms. Then cime the theory of preventive medicine of learning "the nature of a "disease and preventing its occurrence and mo' cil science pro gressed more in ten ycr.rs than it had in half a century before. Now science has set out to learn the nature of crime as it learned the na ture of "locate. It hr-s asked itself the question: "Why 's man criminal?" In Europe the question rno been an swered and the answer proved cor rect. There, tho ere cf preventive justice (to invent a term) has arrived. I America the treatment of crime is still in a state cor'-espo:idi"ng to that in the evolutirn of medical science w .en the leech r.nd the blood cup were standard remedies. 'ON THE SPUR OF THE MOMENT BIBOIK. MOULTON Seventy million dollars worth of ice was manufactured in this country last year. Judging by the chunk I get on my doorstep every morning for quarter, seventy million dollars worth isn t so much ice after .all. Impoalable things Are transpiring today, Tom Sharkey haa gone With the T. Mi C. A. The crown prince has decided to fight it out to the last ditch, if he has to keep digging ditches all the way to Potsdam. The C. P., by the way, has been grinding out poetry lately. One ot his latest effusions runs along as fol lows: father, dear father, come home with me now, . The clock in Rhelms' steeple strikes one You said you were coming right home irom ma war As stTbn as the battle was done. Come borne, come home. i ..O father, dear Inther. come borne. Say. what are we sticking around for? We can walk .now, but soon we must run. Private Hackberry. of the th regiment, national army, was rescuing a young woman from drowning at Cape May yesterday and was swim ming toward shore with the young lady under his right arm when he met his captain swimming out. The pri vate at once saluted, being obliged to drop the young lady, who was so In dignant that she insisted upon swim ming ashore without further assist ance. Sherman was not far wrong. The kaiser has nut all his convicta in the army before the American front, thereby giving them the death penalty instead of straight imprison ment. TRAVELETTE BT NEK8AH The Guardian of Holland. The Dutch mother who wishes to ward off measles and scarlet fever from her child does not hang a charm or an asafetlda bag about its neck. She tries to get a stork to take up lodging in the chimney of her house, or at least close to the hot se. To have a stork on the premises Is be lieved to be a precaution against con tagious disease and lightning, and s a general sign of good fortune to the household. Whether the storks of Holland are aware of their power who can say? Certainly they seem to know that the Dutch are their friends, for each spring they fly from their winter home in Egypt straight to Holland and their old nests. They are par ticular about having the same location and prefer repairing a hopelessly ' dilapidated nest to building a new one. The return- of the stork and his mate brings great joy tw a Dutch home, whether a lonely little farm house or a city mansion; while the failure vf a pair to come agai: is n of these venerated birds would brinr down the curse of the ancient mari ner on the slayer, for the stork would hang, figuratively speaking, around his neck for many a year. He would be a mr.rk of contempt and disgrace i:i the community. Holland gives her national bird a home, a pro tection, and sincere liking. In return, the stork eats insects and reptiles and lends Its infulence for good to the house of it selection. EVENING STORY Esther's Career.- .. " BT PAUL FAT. 'Miss Moore, you have a wonderful voice. Tou can easily win a career with It." J. Edward Rullfaon. instruc tor in vocal music, in a wide-awake western town, spoke with a warmth he rarely showed. Esther Moore listened with a nusn on her cheek and a brilliant gleam In her eyes. And as she listened, she smiled in anticipation of the honors she would win. ' That evening Esther and Roland Lewis went to the theater together. For some reason or other there seemed to be a slight difference be tween this and previous evenings. Es ther was rather restrained in her con versation. Roland was plainly puz zled. He strove to dispel the cold ness. But he was not successful. A lieht suDDer was no more success ful. When they reached her nome thev sat down in the living room. For a while the conversation lagged. At last Roland couia stana n no longer. He snoke ud lmDatiently. Esther, wnat on eartn is ine maner tonight? Tou act as if you had swal lowed an icerjerg. She hesitated a moment, then stam mered out: "I think we had well, had better break our engagement." Roland did not move a muscle. However, his face became as white as marble; his Jaws snapped firmly shut; his lips were a thin, colorless line. "Have you such a thing as a reason or did you forget to provide one for the occasion? ; He spoke slowly. coldly. - Seeing the result or ner announce ment on Roland, the girl waa a little conscience-stricken. . Really. Roland, I did not think you would take it that way. But Mr. Rulif- son said I could win a career witn my voice. And would you have me give it uo and aet married?" Not at all. Of course, a career is a great deal better than mere love. I wish you success In it. Good-bye" .He got up and went out, Esther expected, yes, she hoped, ,he weuld kiss her gaod-by. but he did not do so. As time passed Esther grew more and more proficient in her work. Her teacher became very enthusiastic about her. He Introduced her into society, and she gave many private re citals. 6he was in continual demand for dinner parties. It was the fad of society to hear her singing. Musicians of note listened to her and praised her voice. Thus, it was no great wonder that the girl s head became slightly turned. She forgot her old friends, forgot Roland, forgot everythnig. except that she had a wonderful and successful career before her. One day Esther's happiness reached its climax. She was invited to lunch eon at the home of the most popular social leaders of the town. Mrs. De Lamater was not only popular but wealthy. A man of foreign appear ance was also at the luncheon. The hostess introduced him to Esther as one "of the country's greatest vocal teachers. The girl sang for him: When she was thru, he said nothing, but, nodded his head to Mrs. De Lamater.' The conversation, of course, was chiefly, abemt music. The musician seemed pleased at Esther's knowledge. x- iiimty. 1119 nostess caiiea Hjstner to her side. , "Miss Moore," she said, "how would you like to study a few years In New York with Professor Rlnardo?" "Why, Mra DeLamater, I of course, I " The girl stopped In con fusion. She did not know what to say. The question astounded her The woman smile-l and continued: "Of course, it is not compulsory, but wouia line to have you go. Pro- fesaor Rlnardo considers your voice exceptionally fine and worthy of train ing. I .will send you to his school un til he says you're perfect. Will you go?" "I would love to." Esther sank on her knees beside her benefactress. "How can I ever thank you?" "By winning honors in a successful career. Be ready to start Saturday night. I will see about your ward robe." Esther left with her hull in wht-i She could hardly see to walk straight inunoay .tsiner went to the home of her chum, Evelyn Havens, to spend her remaining time. Evelyn's father. ueing a ciergymr.n, was at home a great, deal and helped to entertain his aaugnter s guest. Friday evening the e-irls werA ii n- omiis muting. jjon t you rather . hate to leave home and all .the people you know'" Evelyn asked. "We ell, sometimes I do," the oth er admitted. "But you know, to ac complish anything you must sacrifice something, and when I think of my career. I Just forget everything else." "Evelyn!" Her father called UD from the hall. "Will you and Esthec come aown a minute, please?" ine- ran down to his study. He met them at the door. "There Is a couple here who wish to bi married at once," he said, "and I want you two ior witnesses. They entered the room. Suddenly Esther stopped. For in front of her with a beautiful girl beside him, was Roland Lewis. It was the first time she had seen him since the parting. -wny, iioiana, Evelyn cried, you going ti be married?" Are He bowed. Evelyn's father introduced the girls to the bride. Miss Wanda Wright. Esther acknowledged the introduction automatically. Her eyes went farther and fastened on the form of Roland Lewis. - Thj ceremony began. But It did not progress far. For suddenly there was a moan and every6ne looked around. Esther had fainted. A little later she 'opened her eyes and raw. a short distance above her, the face of Roland Lewis. He bent closer. Hr mind stilt dazed, she threw her arms around his neck and drew him down. Hls lips touched hers, Then, her memory returning, she pushed him back and closed her eyes. "What have I done V she whispered. "And you are married. Why are you here with me?" , "Esther." He smiled tenderlv. "Do you think you could love me?" "But you are married." she re peated, her brow, wrinkled with per plexity. "Just suppose I wasn't. Could you. Esther?" 8h gaveyt sigh, then answered faintly. "Tea' 'Well. I am not." He laughed aloud. "'But who who was that with you?" She still did not understand. "That was my beloved cousin. She is engaged to my chum but she agreed to faelp-m find out if you loved me. Even your friend Evelyn and her father were in the conspiracy." Suddenly Esther sprang from the couch and ran to the telephone. Tear- FOCH IS REPEATING HISTORY BY SMASHING THE GERMANS OVER THE SAME GROUNDS WHERE'CLOVIS" FIRST KING OF THE ,.; FRENCH FIFTEEN CENTURIES AGO DEFEATED AND DROVE THE HUN BARBARIANS BACK TO THEIR ' RHINE CASTLES. . . . ' . ' I -'t, fiSkw- ., .- iv Amk jtt -in i.i in in ill - aw - - --1-1-iii-ii--sc ing the receiver from the hook, she gave a certain number. "Is this Mrs. DeLamater? This Is Esther Moore. Will you please tell Professor Rlnardo I can't go to New Tork tomorrow. I am very sorry to disappoint you but really I can't. I'll come and explain tomorrow. Well, you see, I am going target married. Good bye." ... She turned ana entered Koiana s open arms. His eyes twinKiea. "What aDout your career, tstnerx She looked at him reproachfully. "If vou ever mention career to me," she threatened, "I'll never speak to you again." He looked over ner neaa ana smuea. (Copyright. T01H, by McCiure Newspaper Dynuicaie.f HOUSEHOLD HINTS Canning; and Preserving. Relish One quart cucumbers' chopped fine, one quart onions chop ped fine, one quart cabbage chopped fine, add one cup salt and let stand three hours. Mix one teaspoon turmeric, one tea spoon celery seed, one tablespoon mustard seedr one-quarter cup ground mustard, one-half cup flour, three cups sugar, one-half gallon vinegar. Make spices into a paste with one cup of vinegar taken from the half gallon. Squeeze vegetables dry from brine, put all together, scald and can. Current and Raspberry Jelly Take three quarts of currents to one quart of berries.- After washing fruit put on to boil with Just enough water to cover the fruit and boil ten minutes. Put in a bag (sugar bag If you have one) and let it drain over night. Use one cup of sugar to each cup of juice. Boil thirty minutes. When using cold pack method you must keep your Jars covered with water If water boils down add hot water from your tea kettle. Current and Raspberry Jelly A very simple way of making jelly of currents is bv simnlv washine same very well with stems on; add water t (the more water you use tne more sugar) and let boil three-quarters of an hour, then strain thru sack. Let boil again. To test when jelly is done, drop a teaspoonful on saucer anil put on ice; when that gets hardened it is done; If not,add more sugar, Rhubarb Jam Cut enough fresh rhubarb Into small pieces to make five pounds; add three and a half pounds of sugar, one lemon, one pound of raisins and one orange chop ped fine. Let all stand - m earthen lar over nlr?ht. Then let cook slowlv I until thick enough to hold Its shape. Fill sterilized jelly glasses, let cool anxL cover with paraffinv ICeep in cool, place. GLOBE SIGHTS From the Atchison Globe. What's become of the old-fashioned trolley party? A man who is not decent to animals probably ia not decent to people. J When you clamor for liberty be sure you are not clamoring for, II- j censc We get tired of reading editorials about the kaiser. We prefer to reat his obituary- A woman should not have to strug gle to take care of her honor: it should be able to take care of itself. 6ay before a homely woman that a woman is pretty, and the homely one will snort: "Tea, and she knows It, too." Of every defeated - candidate it is said he tried to carry water on both shoulders. Most candidates do, but soma are more graceful than others. War expressions are useful to non combatants. Ss an instance: An Atchison sweet Toung- Thing said to day; '1 must straighten my line." She did not mean hsr war front. - She meant her eyebrowa The girls arc picking out their eyebrows leaving t faint mark, which must be straight to be right. DOROTHY DIX TALKS BT DOROTHY DJX World's Highest Paid Wpmy. Wrlfp A Fake Cure for Jealousy. 2. If a woman starts out on a still hunt for trouble she Invariably finds it. If she gets the idea into her head that there is some Other Woman she can see her in every,skirt that crosses her husband's pathway. jf v,Ko,t muxh an danrnlait alibi for every hour he Is away .!. that at another woman wife imagines that she reads a dark understanding be- tween them. If husband tries to make himself entertaining to Ms dinner ... . . . , , , party, wife fancies him making im- passioned speeches to her while the poor man is only discussing the weather. If husband meets up with an old girl friend of his boyhood and asks her to lunch, wife believes they are keeping a rendezvous and is ready to set the police on them.' v - - If husband shows the slightest at tention to ay of hia female relatives, wife cannot be convinced that it is just family affection and not senti mental Interest, while as for his fe male employes, you can't tell her that the reason he took his stenographer out to dinrier was simply because he had kept her working long past her dinner hour and wanted to give her some little treat as a reward for doing extra labor, and that neither he nor the stenographer entertained any feel ing towards each other that two men in the same relationship would not have felt. It is pitiful to think of the thou- sands of wives who torture themselves unnecessarily about flirtations their j husbands never Indulge in, and who agonize over the love afairs their hus- ! bands never have, and who make of 1 their lealousy a monster who devours j not only their happiness, but that of i the unfortunate men to whom they are married. I For the jealous wife is . Just as , great an affliction to her husband as . she is to herself. ; All of us know men who have sim ply -withdrawn from society because ; their wives' jealousy has driven them out of it. If they were decently civil to another woman at a oartv. Or! danced with another woman or showed any pleasure In meeting any old , woman friend, ' they had to endure , such a storm of reproaches, tears and suspicions when they got home that it was not worth the price. ! And we all ; know men have quit taking their j wives out because they had to keep) their eyes fastened on the ground or : on their nlates. or else thetr wives ac- cused them of looking too hard at some other woman and trying to get into a flirtation with her, and rather than be pied upon and falsely ac- cused they prefer to remain at home, Tt Ticvpr pmn to ha ve occurred to i these jealous wives that their jealousy is its own undoing, and that when thev accuse their husbands of flirting witn mner women, 'tney are puuinn m idea of flirtation lntokhe men's heads. ; More than that, they are Justifying ; the men in flirting, for any man with the soirit of a mouse would certainly feel that as he had the name he might as well have the game. Many a woman's Jealousy of a prettier woman -has called her hus band's attention to the other woman for the first time. Let alone, his be lief in himself as a settled married man who was done with making eves nt pretty girls, or sustaining other than Platonic relationship with ttre fair sex, respect for his wife would have kept him In the fold of domestic ity. But his wife's continual sugges tion that he was still fascinating and a devil of a fellow among the women, led him into philandering. The jealous wife also ignores one of the basic laws of human nature, and that is that we all thirst after forbidden waters, and will risk our necks climbing out of a ten story win dow if we are locked in a room, where as, we wouldn't walk out if the door was left wide open. There is no way to develop flirtatiousness In a man oo potent as for his wife's Jealousy to make even a casual acquaintance with a good looking woman a dark, dan gerous adventure. Nor is there any method of pre venting flirtatiousness in a husband so efficacious as for his wife to accept it as natural and normal for him to en joy the society of agreeable women, and for her to have faith enough in him to believe that he will be a gen tleman, and a true and honorable hus band under all circumstances. Nor does a woman ever doa sillier thing thanwhen her jealousy prompt- her to watch her husband's every move, to read hia lrttera. and demand. I from her. After all, we have to take I each other on Somewner the i moKt elaborate spy system breaks i down, and the man or woman whose oul ia not straight finds Opportunity to go crooked if they want to. There- : f(jre ,t a w;M w)nian who.wear, . spectacles before she 13 married in looking out to see the kind of a hua-' band, she is getting, but puts on blind ers as soon as she is married. And let Jealous wives take th!s other thought to heart: if a man is. true and faithful and loves you, there is nothing to be jealous about. And If he ia not true and faithful and does not love you, there is also nothing to be jer.lous over, because he if not wc-th it. Common sense is the only cure for jealousy. (Copyrighted. JM. by The Wheeler Syadl cat. Ibc . HEART AND -BEAUTY PROBLEMS BT MRS. ELIZABETH THOMPSON. ' Dear Mrs. Thompson: (1) Do you is too young think a girl of twenty to marry? (2) Is it the boy's place to get a girl a diamond ring when engaged? (S) What is the best color for a brunette's wedding dress? BRUNETTE. (1) A girl of twenty is very young. i At twenty-four or five she is more apt to be sure she Is In love, (2) Tea. the boy should get the engagement ring. Sometimes another stone is chosen or no ring la given at all because the boy cannot afford it ) It Is conventional to wear a white wedding dress whether blond or brunette. Dear Mrs. Thompson: la it con sidered all right for a girl to go to . , i a rf v wltK nnt tmv and flrn H rt m A j with another if the boys have mads i the arrangements? ! -j.rA.n. luu, I Tes, In Juch a case it would be aU rignu - DINNER STORIES "Doctor, I cah-'t pay you for thla visit, so it ain't no use to send me al bill. I hope you won't take it hard." whined a patient. ' "Quite the contrary, lny friend, tt every man who has no intention ot paying would b.as considerate as yon it would save a lot of writing and about $50 a year In postage." "Why don't you take a vacation f asked the office pest. "I can't stand vacations any more," al.swcred the irritable man. "A vacs, tion simply means that my wife wor ries about the house while I worry i bout the office." . - "If I was rich, darling, would yon love me more than yon do?" h asked. v She Well, I might not love yon any more, but I would look forward to our wedding day j-lth a great deal more Impatience than I do at present.