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The Topeka state journal. [volume] (Topeka, Kansas) 1892-1980, August 17, 1918, HOME EDITION, Image 1

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"JUIICRIC'LL be a scramble for the
family Bible on the age 45 draft
Generally fair; continued
tonight and Sunday.
German Laborers Are Keported
Working on New Line.
Ten or Fifteen Picked Divisions
To Go There.
1,450,000 TROOPS
Department Plans ' To Have
3,800,000 by Jfext June.
The 1,450,000 Include Those
Sent to Russia, Siberia, Italy.
Twelve Hundred People Try To
Help Secret Service .
Big Step Toward Relief
Their Fellows in Russia.
Military Observers Say Ger
many Foresees Change.
Realizes She" Can "o Longer
Depend on Reds.
Position at Roye Is Rapidly
Becoming Critical.
With Roye Taken, Southern
Part of Line Must Go.
Americans oh Vesle River
Undergo German Attacks.
Paris, Aug. 17. The GerAians are
planning to evacuate the Roye-Las-signy-Noyon
salient says the Echo de
Paris. It is indicated, the paper adds,
that German pioneers and laborers
are at work behind the German front
lines on a new Hindenburg line.
The German position in Roye is se
rious. Not only are the allies a mile
and one-quarter west of the town, but
the roads leading out of it toward
Peronne, Xesie and Noyon are under
the fire of allied guns.
Advance Yard by Yard.
Paris, Aug. 17.- Almost yard by
yard the French and British are pry
lng their way between five vital points ;
f H. r iy ime rentier- It is possible there will be no per-
lng the enemy s hold on certain places ! sonal umon of the crowns of
If ".H . precarious. . and Austrla but the kin- of Poland ls
extreme southern corner of : certain to be an Austrian archduke,
the battle front, the French already , the correspondent, who adds thai
have shoved General von Boehn ove. ; the dfgcussion at German main head
the edKe of the important Lassigny . lluarter3 had tho following basis:
miles around. They are now pushing t
slowly over the difficult country south- I
vest of Lassipny which is cut up into :
little hills and valleys that are Ideal
for machine gun nests.
Tightens Lines.
Carefully and methodically Marshal
X- k I. iikt.i. .k. .,.i.k.n.J
r e" , 'Vs . . many make further declarations re-
line around both Lassigny and Roye, ; Kardin Belgium, guaranteeing evacu
cxcrting pressure on the horns of the !ation. rest0ration and indemnity.
. rescent between Chaulnes and Roye, make a powerfui movement in the
ltween Hove and Lassigny, and in direction of peace and that the Polish
the center of both crescents. question be solved in a manner favor-
Meanwhile he is aiming a thrust dt- aDie to Austrian wishes.
re. ly between Lassigny and Ivoyon.
Further north the crescent is less pro- 1 1
nounced. I "The advisers of the Austrain em-
From their new positions the French : Peror, it is declared, emphasized that
have under their guns Butte De Pie-1 the opposition of Austrian military
mont. Bois De Reserve and Mont ; and public opinion to the transfer of
Renaux. : tne troop to the western front was
They also cover Noyon from the ; universal. Thfs opposition could only
westward anif southwestward, wh;re-l be quieted if the government was as
fore it seems but a matter of time be- ; sured of Polish support which could
fore the Germans will be forced to i
Vavate I.asingy th second of the
bulwarks f the present line to go.
Koye Menaced Seriously.
(l!y the ABSortateil Press.)
Roye. the central bastion oJ the Ger-
man defense line from Peronne to ;
Noyon. which has withstood allied :
thrusts for nearly a week, is menaced
seriously by advancing French, Brit-j
ish and Canadian troops, and itsvfall j
would appear to be a probability of j
the next few hours. !
With the town in Mlied hands, the
southern end of the German' line at
least undoubtedly would have to re
tire, altho the northe-n end thru
Ohaulncs t" Peronne also would lie
affected. The allies are now but s-ant
.one and one-quarter miles west of the
town, while they are pressing jasi-
ward in the north and south.
Push Enemy Pack. j
AlonR a front of nearly nine miles; Washington. Aug. 17. A force of
north and south of the Avre. which 50,ooo women necessary to care for
flows thru Roye. the allies have o xur
pushed back the enemy in stubborn an sick and wounded American sol
fighting. The most notable advance : diers must be raised by July 1, next,
ivss made on a front of three miles .n : Surgeon General Gorgas announced
the center by French and Canadian today,
troops who now are fighting on a line! '
thru Govencourt. St. Mard-Les-Trio ! Women with husbands fighting In
and Laucourt. St. Wardis is west of , f rnca are permitted under new rules
Rove and there are no villages in tne " ""-""" iiih. single
intervening mile and a quarter. , wmn over a eligible also. Gen- i
French troops on the south have fal Gorgas has arranged to Increase
forced their wav almost thru the ! lne. supply of nurses by a system of
Loges Wood which borders the Roye- ' lraml"5 which will ultimately make
Lassigny road on the west. 1 omen entering as hospital assistants
Likely to Outflank Line. ! Sr?Idi"htenh1"?s-
, .. ., High school educations or -quiva-
The wood is five miles directly , Ient are essential, it is stated. Wo
south of Roye and it would appear men be t , t nur j ' OTi
that a farther advance might' enable convalescent hospitals Tboth hire and
the French to outflank both Roye and i in France.
Lassigny and force the Germans to I . ,
readjust their lines eastward toward) PADDXII7H Vir-lnn
JCoyon and probably beyond. North I UAnnANA YlhLUS
of Goyencourt British forces, after!
having repulsed an enemy attack on I
Damery In which 250 prisoners were MotuI,cs Ta OH Production Pro
captured, are pushing eastward with, tested by V. S and Britain
French units toward Franzart and .
Fresnoy-Les-Roye. j Washington, Aug. 17. The threat-
Artillery activity continues on the , ened crisis in the relations of Mexico
remaining sectors of the main battle 1 with the entente allies and the United
front between the Ancre and the Oise. ' States apparently has been averted by
The British on the northern end and ! a modification of the new Mexican oil
the French on the southern maintain I tax decree by President Carranza.
their newly gained positions and the i It was learned today that on Au
enemy has shown no disposition to at- I gust 12 Carranza in effect cancelled
tack. provisions of the decree of July 31
Berlin reports officially that allied I under which undeveloped . oil lands
attacks on both sides of the Avre on j might be seized by the Mexican gov
Friday tailed. ' ernment upon failure of their owners
Germans Attack on Vesle. ! mak.e declarations and submit to
'American and French troops along J they "sanled as excessive taxa-
Vt Vaala havA nnd erpnne sin atlsinlf in I
rnhdChbomebSgrIav"atord Thisattack
aviators who heavily bombed German
bridges over the Aise and discovered
enemy artillery and machine gun
nests. Three German airplanes were
brought down by American airmen
Thursday. British and French air
men on the same day put thirty-two
enemy machines out of action, while
Berlin reports the destruction of
twenty-four allied airplanes. Italian
troops In the Tonale region northwest
of Lake Garda and along the south
ern Piave have- withstood Austrian
attacks against their new positions on
these sectors.
Swiss Reports Say Disensslon of Ex
change of Prisoners Is Put Off.
Parle, Aug 17. According to a re
port from Geneva, to the Echo De
Paris, the conference between Ameri
can and German representatives in
Switzerland to discuss the condition
of prisoners of war has been postponed.
Deal Probably Made at Kaisers'
That and a Peace Offensive Are
Price of Aid.
Austrian Archduke Will Be
King of Polish Nation.
The Hague, Aug. 17. Germany has
approved the suggestion made by
Austria that an Austrian archduke
may be made king of Poland, the Lo
kal Anzeiger of Berlin says it under
stands. Archduke Karl Stephen, it
says, probably will be named.
Germany Makes Concessions.
London, Aug. 17. Germany has
made concessions to Austria on the
Polish question in consequence of the
strong stand taken by Emperor
Charles and the Austro-Hungarian
government, according to information
received by the correspondent of the
Da Ma t Thp Ha
Want Austrian Troops in France.
"The Germans demanded that Aus-
; tria send to the western front from
I ten to fifteen divisions of picked
troops, confining themselves to the
defensive on the Italian front.
Emperor Charles and his advisers
"""" uciiiaiiua umLuer-
ti-h ,, ,,.., ,v. ,,.. "J
" ootamea oy securing from Ger
many concessions on the account of
Poland and If the public could be
shown the German government had
been Influenced in the direction of
another strong effort to obtain Deace.
Short of this Austria would not. send :
tr-ops to the western front."
;n needed
Force of 50,000 Must BeTtalsed
by "ext Summer.
: Will Be Used as Curses Both
Here and in France.
President 'Polncare Is Told of Victories
Jnst Achieved.
Paris. Aug. 17. President Po'incare.
after witnessing the debarkation from
an American convey at a French port
today, was told that two German sub
marines had just been sunk. One
was sunk by a French vessel and the
other by the Americans.
After the debarkation, Polncare
visited American debarkation camps.
London, Aug. 17. Since July 18
the allies have advanced from one
to twenty-five miles along a 106
mile front," as follows:
Sofssons-Rheims, 40 miles.
Albert-Lassigny, 45 miles.
North of Albert, 12 miles.
I.ys salient. 9 miles.
Captured Yanks Treated Same
as British and French.
Heavy Casualties Must Be Ex
pected From Battle.'
Washington, Aug. 17. Total Amer
ican troops in Europe anji en route
now number 1,450,000, Chief of taff
March is quoted as having told mem
bers of the senate military committee
today. It Is hoped to have 3,300,000
in Europe by June of next year, com
mittee members said.
A Speed with which American soldiers
are being sent to Europe ls again on
the increase, due to improved facili
ties , Because of the high speed at
tained earlier in the summer some de
lays of transports for repairs have re
cently been necessary.
Includes Troops to Siberia and Italy.
March said that the 1.450,000 Amer
icans which have left this country to
fight, include those to France, Siberia,
Italy and Russia proper.
In the future all figures of Ameri
can expeditionary forces will include
those sent to all parts of the world,
March stated.
High praise of American valor in
action has been given by French com
manders, March said.
American Troops Praised.
The second artillery brisa.de, which
is a part of the second division, which
operated at Chateau Thierry, received
the praise of the Frencn. . :
In the days of severe fighting which
these troops experienced, their quali- j
ties of energy, ability and devotion j
won high respect of their French
comrades, March said. i
General March announced that Adjt.
Gen. H. T. McCain, in recognitioa of
his efficient work on this side, would
be placed in command of the Tweuti;
uiviaiuu at. auiu ycvcuai iuacaauii u
He will be succeeded by Brig. Gen.
Peter Harris, who will be acting ad
jutant general. Harris has shown
great efficiency in handling the mus
ter rolls, March said.
The Eightieth division is now In
training with the British in Flanders
and the Eighty-second division' is
holding a part of the line north of
Toul. V
The 320th FieM artillery has not yet
been engaged in action. American
troops in Italy have not been put into
the fighting. $
Americans Not Singled Out.
Reports that American prisoners in
Germany have been singled out tor
bad treatment were denied by March,
who said that after careful investiga
tion thru Spanish representatives,
American prisoners had been found to
be treated the same as those of otner
allied nations.
The men were Insnerted. . nnan-
nounced by the Spanish representa-'
tives, March said.
When congress reconvenes a num-
ber of brigadier generals will be lec-
ommended for promotion to the -unk I
of major general, March said. .
Heavy Casualties to Come.
Among those singled out for brll- j
Hant work was Major General Dun-i
ran who wa the first officer to re-
can. who was tne tirst officer to re-,
ceive the French croix . de guerre.
Warning tnat neavy casualties are to
be expected from the fighting was !
given when March declared that the
110th regiment of the Twenty-eighth
division, containing many Pittsburgh
men, had been in extremely heavy
fighting, for over two weeks, and that
V. ifi. JZU v.- rr 7
J?? be commensurate
with the fighting.
Only Local Fighting Now.
The general fighting has become
largely local within the last few days,
March said. The Germans have been
retreating gradually and consolidating
their lines along the 1916-1917 front,
and there has been little material
change In the situation. ,
Resistance by the Germans has
been stronger and allied attacks are
more or less isolated.
Oenerfll TWfarrh nnlntpH nut i trr-
I the fourth time in the present offen
sive, the Germans- have voluntarily
given up lines, the last instance being
part of a small sector near Al
bert, which sector was evacuated vol
untarily by the Germans and taken
possession of by the British.
Submarines Get Old French War Ves- i
eel Thirteen Men Missing. i
Paris, Aug. 17. The old French
cruiser Dupetit Thouars has been sunk
by a German submarine, it is officially
announced today. Thirteen of the
crew are missing. American destroy
ers rescued the remainder.
The Dupetit Thouars was completed
in Juljs, 1901, and had a displacement
of 9,517 tons. Her normal comple
ment was 540 men. She waj 452 feet
long, had a beam of 63 2-3 feet and
her length over all was 463.
Her armament consisted of two 7.6
inchers. eight 6-4 inchers, three or
four 3.9 inch, sixteen 3-pounders and
two submerged torpedo tubes. She
was listed as an armored cruiser.
Freight Went Thru Bridge Weakened
by Heavy Rains.
Dubuque. Iowa. Aug. 17. Engineer,
fireman -and a brakeman Were killed
when an Illinois Central freight train
went thru a bridge near Julien earlvldent
todaj;. The bridge had been weakened
by a heavy rain.
Allied leaders discussing war news.
These men have a right to feel happy, the way the battle agr.inst the
Hun goes now. This French official photo shows an American oiiicer, no
name given, at left; Lord- Balfour-, with his back turned and General
, Haig and General Wilson (at extreme right) discussing the latest reports
from the front. '
I. W. W. Trial Came to End
Suddenly Today.
Attorneys for Defense Made Ho
Chleagof, Aug. V 17. The-. I. W.' W.
case, which lasted more than three
months, was given to the jury today.
Attorney Frank K. Nebeker, for the
government, concluded his argument
in an hour and Attorney George F.
Yanderveer. defense, surprised specta
tors by making none at all.
Nebeker devoted most of his time to
summarizing his evidence, intended to
prove 'the defendants guilty of ob
structing the draft, fighting conscrip
tion, discouraging 1 enlistments and
j generally hampering war work.
; "Soft handed and hard faced," was
j the mildest term he used in describing
i the defendants. (
j The end of the case, which began
April 1, came so suddenly that Fed
I era! Judge Landia was caught unpre-
pared. Court adjourned for an hour.
while he prepared his instructions for
tne 3urv-
1 Ll1 11 wrx " 1 1
' - '
Weather Forecast Calls for More
- Sizzling Day Here.
r ...
f , tonight and Sunday; con
tinned warm.
Today's Temperatures.
7 o'clock 75
8 o'clock 78
9 o'clock 82
10 o'clock 86
11 o'clock. . 92
12 o'clock 94
The forecast for next week calls for
en"y fai weather with normal
temperature. The wind at 12 o'clock
was blowing twelve miles an hour
from the south.
According to State Meteorologist
S. D. Flora, the temperature may go
to above 102 this afternoon. This
j makes the tenth day in Topeka when
the temperature has gone to 100. It
is the longest continued hot spell in
August, except in 1913, when the tem
perature went to 100 for 18 succes
sive days. Flora says that we will
have two more days at least when the
temperature will be close to 100. The
18 day record may be beaten, altho
Topeka's ambitions along that line are
lacking in enthusiasm.
The highest temperature in the last
twenty-four hours was 101 at 6 o'clock
Friday evening and the lowest 75 at
S o'clock this morning. The tempera
ture for the period averaged four de-
The Threc-and-a-Halfs Bring Higher
Than Ever Before.
New York, Aug, 17. Active trad
ing in liberty 3 per cent tax exemp
tion bonds was the feature of the first
hour's dealings on the stock exchange
i toaay. xne Donas advance from yes-
; teraay s Closing price, 100.12 to 100.32
teh highest recorded price exceeding
teh high record made last year by 2
points. The lowest price for the ihi
thiB year was 97.20. During the last
hoar the bonds sold up to 100.50 and
closed at that price.
Rioter Sent Bullet Jfear Chief Execu
tive of Uruguay Republic.
"Montevideo, Uruguay, Aug. 17. An
attempt was made to assassinate Pres
ident Vlera of Uruguay on Tuesday af
ternoon during rioting growing out of
the recent general strike, according to
an afternoon newspaper. The presi-
it says was standing on a hal-
-cony- when fired at and the
(missed hint by a narrow margin.
PIcardy Battle Won Back Large
Part of Territory Lost in March
Transports Xoir Make Quicker
Time Across Atlantic -
Washington,' Aug. 17.- General
March informed the senate military
committee today that there was no in
dication of what will be the next move
of the allies on the west front.. In the
recent Picardy offensive the allies
have regained -approximately one
third of the territory the Germans
took in their March drive together
with approximately 40,000 prisoners.
While the area regained is smaller
than what had been previously lost,
he said the allies succeeded In killing
a large number of Germans and cap
turing much ordnance, which 'is re
garded nra most telling victory at this
lime, iniormation snowing an im
provement in the shipping situation
also was given to the senators.
Ships Speed lp.
According to tables of the war coun
cil the "turn-around" or round trip of
transports has in some instances been
reduced to nineteen days, altho the
average. It was shown, is about twenty-eight
days. For cargo ships the
"turn-around" has been reduced to a
hinimum of twenty-eight days, altho
the general average is considerably
gceater than that.
Improvement in the health of the
army not only in France, but in this
country, was noted.
General March would not talk fig
ures on army plans outside of his
statement regarding eighty divisions in
France by next June. It was evident,
however, that he has complete con
fidence In the ability of the war de
partment to execute its plans ahead of
schedule. He had said previously that
for purposes of calculation a division
represented a total of 40,000 men.
American Fliers Made Eighteen Direct
Hits Friday in liorraine.
With the American -Armies in
France, Aug. 17. American bombing
planes scored eighteen direct hits on
switching tracks.and two on a round
house at Confians yesterday after
noon. All returned safely, altho they
were fired on continually by anti-aircraft
guns and had several encounters
with German airmen.
During two air battles north of Toul,
American airmen brought down three
hostile planes yesterday.
UVon.t FMept Thru
a Handker-
chief," Expert Advises.
New York, Aug. 17. "Don't kiss,
except thru a handkerchief," warned
Health Commissioner Crpeland voday
in a series of "Don'ts" contained in
advice as how best to escape the
Spanish influenza germs which have
been discovered on incoming vessels.
Here are some of the don'ts:
Don't use the common, or roller
Don't use common drinking cups or
eating utensils.
Don't use paper cups that have al
ready been used by others.
Don't remain near persons who
sneeze and cough.
Don't, above all things, kiss.
Object to Anto Busses.
Chicago, Aug. 17. Residents of
Chicago's "gold coast" today asked
dissolution of an auto bus company
operating on the rth side. The big I Amsterdam, Aug. 17. Out of 1,000
automobiles, "rumbling like tanks." I officers arrested at Moscow and Petro
cut the delicate surface of Sheridan I grad because of counter revolutionary
road and keep residents of the ex -
clurive district . awake at night, the
petition alleges.
Some Predict Spectacular Move
on Petrograd and Moscow.
German Press Very Pessimistic
on Future of Bolsheviki.
Washington, Aug. 17. German in
tention to break with the Bolsheviki
and throw an army into Russia to
combat the allied forces in the east
was seen by entente diplomats in vari
ous developments on the east front re
ported here in official cables today.
Withdrawal of German Ambassador
von Mumm from Kiev is declared to
indicate that the Germans intend to
depend upon their military forces in
the Ukrains to carry ,out the elabor
ate program of levies on the wheat
crops of southern Russia. ,
Next in Importance is the arrival
from Moscow of the Bulgarian and
Turkish ministers to Russia. Feeling
against both of these diplomats is said
to have been bad on account of Bul
garian and Turkish violations of Rus
sian territorial integrity and reports
were that several attempts on the
lives of both men were frustrated by
the Bolsheviki.
Depend on Military Force.
The German ambassador to Russia
and his staff at Pskoff are reported
to be protected by heavy naval guards
from German warships at Riga, only
fifty miles away, and -are prepared to
flee to safety on the ships at the least
sign of an uprising.
The opinion here is that the Ger
mans realize that the Bolsheviki pow
er has waned and that the' best course
is to prepare for re-establishment of
the eastern battle line as far witnin
Russian territory as is possible. En
tente military experts are Inclined to
believe that the Germans, - when the
allies demonstrate that they can :
organize -Russia for the fight, will
quickly prepare to make a stand on a
line from Riga southward to Kharkov
or the Dneiper river to the Black sea.
Would Give Shorter Line.
This line would be shorter than tie
old German-Russian battle front. 'ind
it wouud also protect Bulgaria I'om
the east and hold Rumania practically
under the domination of the central
powers. A number of military men
hold the view that Germany will make
a spectacular sweep on Petrograd und
also will seize Moscow.
The German press is very pessimis
tic concerning the Bolsheviki, accord
ing to dispatches. Berlin papers ad
mit the disappointment of beingunable
to depend on Bolshevikist rule, which
is declared to be in danger momen
tarily, of oollapse.
willardIs promoted
Topeka Ensign in Navy Is Made a
lieutenant In New York.
Honor came to another Topekan in
war service today when Ensign Fran
cis Willard was promoted to rank of
lieutenant. He has made four trips
across the Atlantic since May in the
convoy of big troop transports and has
perhaps experienced as many genuine
thrills as any Topekan in the war
against Germany.
Lieutenant Willard was stationed
last winter at Pelham Bay and was
commissioned in February as an en
sign. Since May he has been ii. active
transport service and knows the thrills
which have come to the men 6t the
naval service when they meet the sub
marines on the high seas: Lieutenant
Willard is a son of Mr. and Mrs. Frank
G. Willard. 1004 Topeka avenue. He
is well known in Topeka and was a
fo. ler Washburn football star.-
American Aviator Took Opponent's
Machine Without Damaging It.
With the Americari Armies in
France, Aug. 17. Captain BiddJe of
Philadelphia forced down a German
crumpler plane at Nancy yesterday.
The pilot was killed and the observer
wounded but the machine was cap
tured intact.
Biddle received a personal lettei
from General Pershing two months
ago when he was shot down and land
ed in No Man's Land, where he re
mained more than & day and escaped
under shell fire.
American bombing planes again at
tacked the railway yards at Dom-mary-Baroncourt,
near Metz. Several
tracks were observed to have been de
Long Distance Forecast Will Not Pop
ularize Weather Sen-ice.
. t ,
Washington, Aug. 1 7. Weather
predictions for the week beginning
Monday, issued by the weather bureau
today include Upper Mississippi and
Lower Missouri valley. North portions
fair, except showers first of week:
rising temperature in east portion
Monday. South portion generally fair,
with temperature about normal. , .
Out of 1.000 Officers Arrested That
Many Were Executed. -
i tendencies,- 2S6 have been summarily
j shot according to Moscow advices to
1 the Kreaz Zeitung of Berlin. .
Big Hunt Began With News of
Wilson's Arrival.
Also the Man With
Glasses Was Suspected.
Short Man With Black' Hair
" Was Under Cloud.
Magnolia, Mass., Aug. 17. Twelve
hundred persons are hunting German
spies here today in an effort to help
fifteen United States secret service
men guard President Wilson. The
size of the spy-catching force corre
sponds exactly with the village's pop
ulation. 600 residents and 600 sum
mer visitors. . The spy-catchers are
self-appointed detectives.
: The big- nunt Degan at nreamasi
time when it became generally known
President Wilson has been resting
here since Thursday.
"I have suspected that man with
the upturned mustache and the for
eign accent for several days," said the
man at the breakfast table. He had
lived els;h't years In Berlin.
"Yesterday he spoke about the pres
ident being here and tried to get me
to talk about him. You mark my
words, that man is a spy looking for
The man from Buffalo who had
been telling how breakfast food is
manufactured, remarked:
"There might be something In it."
and passed it along to the man sitting
next to him, who told it to his wife.
She told a friend on the veranda while
the two were knitting socks for the
soldiers. So the story was wlflspered
Trailed Him from Station.
The college professor from Cleve
land and the broker from Syracuse
trailed all the way from the railroad
station a man with black sun-glasses
and whiskers who arrived on the noon
train. Their suspicions were conceded
to be groundless, however, when the
black-spectacled one erected a stand
to sell American flags and buttons on
tie street corner.
A short man with black hair and
eyes and an observant manner, at
tracted unusual attention until a
friend greeted him as fMr. Murphy."
He proved to be Joseph Murphy, in
charge of secret service men guarding
the president.
Rear Admiral Cary T. Grayson,
naval aide and personal physician to
the president, said today, the vacation
is doing the president an immense
amount of good and that he is in ex
cellent health.
Thirteen of Germany's Leading
Aviators Missing.
Have Been Sacrificed in
Fighting Since. July 1.
Washington, Aug. 17. Thirteen of
Germany s leading aviators have been
listed as missing in action since July
1, according to an official dispatch
from France received here today. The
aviators who have been thus listed
and the number of allied machines
wmon tney were credited with bring
ing down are: Leo Wenhardt. 63:
Menshkoff, 39; Bongartz and Buckler,
S3 eacn: Billik, 41; Von Turchrek, 27;
Kirchsteiner, 27; Wuesthoff. 26; Puet
ter, 25; Winisch, Fredericks and
Pipphardt, 21 each, and Reinhardt
20. The German high command, while
sparing of planes, the dispatch says,
has been most prodigal in the ex
posure of pilots.
Send Forces to Border or Manchuria
! on Account of Danger There.
(By tbe Associated Press.) ' -Tokio,
Tuesday, Aug. 13. The gov
ernment today issued a statement an
nouncing that under the agreement
with China in view of the danger
threatening the border of Manchuria
Japan was dispatching troops thence.
Shell Depot in Rumania Is Blown Lp
by an Incendiary.
Zurich, Aug. 17. An explosion in
a shell depot at Vaslul, Rumania,
killed more than one hundred persons
and Injured 150, according to a dis
patch received from Bucharest today.
The explosion Js believed to have been
Germans and Austrians May Combine
Forces Under One I reader.
Zurich. Aug. 17. The advisability
of one supreme command on all the
central powers' front is now being
discussed at German general head
quarters, according to Neue Frele
All male : persons who ' have
reached their -21st birthday since
June 6, 1913. and on or before
August 24, 191 S,- must register on
August 24. 1918.
"These men should consult with
local draft boards as to how and
where they should register."
Consul Poole Will Remain In
Moscow for Present.
Are Reported To Have Taken
Russian Seaport.
Place Where Lenine and Trots
ky Went From Moscow.
Washington, Aug. 17. Capture of
Irkutsk the important Lake Baikal
port of the Trans-Siberian railroad, by
the Czecho-Slovaks, aided by the Si
berian peoples' "army on July 7, is an
nounced In a belated dispatch from
American Consul Harris at Irkutsk
dated July 22 and received today at
the state department.
Poolo to Stay in Moscow.
American Consul General Pool at
Moscow, who recently burned his coda
book and turned the consulate over to
the Swedish consul, notified the state
department in a cablegram received
today that he intended to remain in
Moscow to assist the British and
French consular officers there, who
are in great personal danger.
The consul general reported that
with the aid of the Swedish repesen
tative he had succeeded in securing
the release of several hundred entente
citizens, chiefly British and French,
who were arrested by the Bolsheviki
and held as hostages for Soviet mem
bers Imprisoned in the north.
Opens Communications.
With the capture of Irkutsk railway
communications westward to Samara
have been opened, but the line thru
to Moscow is still closed.
Irkutsk was captured July 27 after
a battle in which 250 of the Czecho
slovaks were killed and 1,200
The state department advices which
came from Consul Harris thru Peking,
stated that the -new Siberian govern
ment being organized had its head
quarters at Omsk and would disre
gard the Brest-Lltovsk treaty and fa
vor war with Germany.
All American in the region around
Omsk and Irkutsk are safe.
Rail Conditions Bad.
Rail conditions are still bad from
Irkutsk eastward and the Amur
branch ls completely closed.
Consul General Poole at Moscow re
ports that the Japanese, consul gen
eral left Moscow on August 9.
Liberation of a large number of
British and French hostages had been
effected thru the work of Poole and
other representatives, but ninety are
still being held . prisoners altho their
condition is much better than former
ly. Representatives of the Y. M. C. A
Red Cross and American financial In
stitutions are still in Moscow, Poole
Hasty preparations are being made
to move the state and government in
stitutions from Moscow and privnt
passenger and freight traffic is prac
tically at a standstill.
Paris, Aug. 17. Reports are in cir
culation in Finland that the Germans
have seized the Russian naval port of
Kronstadt, according to a Stockholm
dispatch to LaMatin.
Kronstadt Is, twenty miles west of
Petrograd at the eastern extremity of
the Gulf of Finland. It was the prin
cipal fortress of Russia. Reports re
ceived thru Germany early In the
week were to the effect that Premier
Lenine and War Minister Trotzky bad
fled to Kronstadt from Moscow. It
was added that other departments of
the Soviet government also would go
Soviet Troops Claim to Have Csecbo-
Slovaks Surrounded.
Amsterdam. Aug. 17. Soviet forces
have surrounded Kazan, held by the
Czecho-Slovaks and are bombarding
it, according to a dispatch from Mos
cow today. .
Another soviet army, advancing to
ward Onega, where a new allied ex
pedition has landed In northern Rus
sia, has occupied Klrillowka.
On the "southern front, (probably
the Don region, where the Cossacks
are advancing northward) there la
violent fighting.
Kazan is a city of about 175.000 pop
ulation on the left bank of the Volga.
100 miles north of Simbirsk and 4 5V
miles east of Moscow.
Bolsheviki Try to Head Off F.d ora
tion of People on American Aims.
Amsterdam, Aug. 17. The semi-official
news agency at Vienna says It
has seized several hundred weight of
American propaganda literature "pur
porting to explain America's policy
and to assure Russia of America's
Deny That Consular Agents Have Bern
Refused Permission to Leave.
London, Aug. 17. Statements that
entente diplomatic and consular
agents have not received authorization
to leave Russia are denied in a Russian
wifeless message received here. The
Russian government, it is added, is
awaiting a reply from Germany to the
request that safe conducts be given
agents wishing to leave Russia by way
of Petrograd and Stockholm.
. Thirty-five Men Called.
Washington, Aug. 17. Provost Mar
shal General Crowder issued a call
today for 25 men for limited service
In the military aeronautic division of
the army from Illinois and Is from
Missouri. The men will mobilize at
Madison Barracks. Sarketts Harbor,
New York, on August 29.

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