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VU KATHKR FORECAST for Kansas:
Generally fair tonight and Thurs day. Somewhat warmer tonight in the west portion. TT appears that the Se-bs have been successfully serving the Bulgars some of Foch's favorite fall tonic. THREE CENTS HOME EDITION TOPEKA, KANSAS, WEDNESDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 18, 1918 TEN PAGES nlEiEiDBURG LIE f 0 , BRITISH IN SMASH AGAINST THE HUNS ON PIGARDY FRONT Attacked Today on a Front of Twelve Miles. Are Eeported To Be Making Valuable Gains. HUNS RESIST DESPERATELY Have Been Ordered To Hold at All Costs. Successful Advance "Would Out flank St. Quentln. 1,500 PRISONERS REPORTED Gain of Two and a Half to Three Miles. Attack Extends Over a Front of Fii'teen Miles. (By the Associated Pres.) London. Sept. 18 (4:30 p. m.) In their attack today northwest of St. Quentin the British scored an aver age advance of from two and a half to three miles on a fifteen mile front, according to reports up to this hour. The town of Harglcourt was cap tured by the British. The front under attack ran from Holnon -wood west of St. Quentin northward to Gouzeau court. The British attack took them far nearer the line from which the Ger man offensive started on March 21 lat. The latest reports placed Field Marshal Hais's. troops at an average distance of about a mile from this line. Prisoners to the number, of 1.500 are reported. The fighting was con tinuing this afternoon. The town of Epehy, toward the northern part of the front under at tack was almost surrounded by the British this afternoon. The British have crossed the Hin denburg line at two points at Vilieret and at Gouzeaucourt. The depth of their penetration beyond, however, is not reported. Vilieret was taken by the advancing forces, as were LeVer guier. Ronssov and Berthaucourt. London. Sept. 18 (4:20 p. m.) The British have crossed the Hindenburg line in their new attack at Vilieret, and at th bet sugar factory south of Gouzeaucort, according to battle front dispatches here this afternoon. Vilieret is five and a half .miles northwest of St. Quentin. Gouzeau court is five and a half miles north and west of Vilieret and seven miles southwest of Cambrai. With the British Armies in France. Sept. 18 (noon). British troops at tacked on a front of about twelve miles west and northwest of St. Quen tin this morning. They drove forward spiritedly after a heavy bombardment of only three minutes. They were preceded by the usual barrarre. The British are reported to have reached Fresnoy-Le-Petit (two and three-nuarter miles northwest of St. Quentin). Stiff enemy resistance has been en countered in Epehv (twelve miles northwest of St. Quentin) and at Rorssoy (three miles southeast of Epehy). Vermand (five miles west of St. Quentin) and Holonon wood (three miles southeast of Vermand) are un der heavy gas bombardment. The attack was made against posi tions where the Germans have been conducting rear guard actions against Haig's nibbling tactics during the past fortnight.t It may bring the British Into actual contact with the main Ger man defenses along the Hindenburg line. Would Outflank St. Quentin. (Hv tlie Associated Tress.) Field Marshal 'Haig. two months from the dav of the allied offensive on the Marne. has begun a closer invest ment of St. Quentin. His troops are attacking northwest of the city with the evident intention of outflanking it on the north.- The new 'operations against this bastion of the Hindenburg line, follow the British capture of Holnon village of high ground three miles northwest of Kt Quentin. Tues day night. Holnon is on a hill as is Malssemy, captured late Saturday. British Move Toward City. These hill positions dominate the terrain north of St. Quentin and the road connecting the city with Cam brai. From these favorable "jumping off" points, the British are moving in to ward the city. Full details of the operation still are lacking, but un doubtedly the British will meet with stiff opposition. The Germans here are on, or near, the Hindenburg posi tion and captured documents show the enemy troops havebeen ordered to (Continued on Page Two.) M0WHIM BLUFF German Official Says Kaiser Would Withdraw From Belgium. Copenhagen, Sept 18. Germany Is vllling to withdraw from foreign soih during a peace congress, if France will withdraw from Alsace, the Politiken quotes a high German official as say ing. I The German officiat. however, de clared it was impossible to allow a public vote on stlf determination in Alsace-Lorraine. COLDEST SINCE MAY Mercury to 48 Tuesday Night Light Frost .Expected Tonight. WEATHER 'FORECAST FOR KANSAS: Generally fair tonight and Thursday ; somewhat warmer west portion tonight. TODAY'S TEMPERATURES. 7 o'clock 4811 o'clock 51 8 o'clock. .... .46)12 o'clock S3 9 o'clock. . 4 Si 1 o'clock 58 10 o'clock .49 2 o'clock 59 The wind at 2 o'clock was blowing five miles an hour from the east. The ideal brand of fall weather, ac cording to Meteorologist Flora, will continue' thru another 24 hours. Flora leaves on an inspection tour to day, so Kansas will just have to get along on the weather he leaves. How ever, predictions are that nice weather will continue. The temperature dropped to 46 Tuesday night. This afternoon it will not rise much higher than 65. - To- (Conthiued on Page Two.) A TEUTON CRISIS German and Austrian Minis tries May Fall. Curt Answer to Peace the Cause. Jfote Zurich, Sept. 1 8. Vienna newspa pers are greatly excited over British and American press comment on the Austrian peace proposal. It is rumor ed that Foreign Minister Burian will resign. A Berlin dispatch declared that the same excitement is evident in political circles and that the position of Chan cellor von Hertlingr and Foreign Min ister von Hihtze appears critical. The resignation of Hungarian Pre mier Wekerle also is imminent, ac cording to Budapest advices. REPORT SEPT. 24 Orders Sent Out Today to Washburn S. A. T. C. Students. Captain Shaw Expects r Regis trations To Close Shortly. Notices were mailed this afternoon to all men who have registerd for the S. A. T. C. at Washburn college to report September 24 ready to remain for the balance of the term. Tojthose who live in Topeka the privilege will be extended of living at their homes until on or about the first of October, but it will be necessary, nevertheless, for them to report on the 24lh. They will then receive instructions as to their actions until called to live in the barracks. The college authorities are making arrangements for the out of town men as far as sleeping accommodations go. All men will be on their own expense until inducted into the service. Regis trations in the S. A. T. C. is still open at Washburn, but it is probable that it will be closed within a. few days now, according to Capt Frank E. Shaw, commanding officer. However, he says, an effort will be made to ac commodate all who apply this week. IS NEW AMBASSADOR John W- Davis of Virginia Will Be Minister to England. Washington, Sept. 18. John W. Davis, of West Virginia, now solicitor general of the United States, has been selected hy President Wilson to suc ceed Walter Hines Page as ambassador to Great Britain. The announcement of Mr. Davis's selection today disclosed that he had arrived safely in Switzer land, where he is to head the Ameri can delegation at foe Berne conference between American and German mis sions on the treatment and exchange of prisoners of war. Washington, Sept. 18. John W. Da vis, solicitor general of the United States, probably will be American am bassador to Great Britain. Davis, who Is now en route to Berne, Switzerland, to confer with German representatives on questions involving the disposition and exchange of prisoners, is one of the less widely known but most popu lar of the members of the government. Official confirmation of his selection for the post at the court of St. James, succeeding Walter Hines Page, re signed, is expected soon. HEN ON IN SPAIN Cabinet ' WU1 Confer Tomorrow on International Situation. Madrid, Sept. 18. The Spanish cabi net will meet today to discuss the in ternational situation. Foreign Minister Dato stated that the government's decision regarding German submarine warfare, as it af fects Spain, would be - published "at the proper "moment." He urged the press to be prudent In dealing with foreign affairs. The cabinet held a long session yes terday. MAIL TO ARCHANGEL NOW. RussifinsRusfnesn will Be Accented hy V. S. Pnstofflce Deportment. Washington, Sept 18. Mail service to Archangel, Russia, suspended June IS, has been resumed but -mall -for other parts of Russia will not be ac cented for dispatch thru that port- . - The postoffice department announce today that Archangel mail would be w",?n' -d subject to such opportuni ties as are offered for dispatch bv commercial liners and government transports. Mail for certain, other parts of Rii-'ia Is v'-pted for trans mission via the Pacific. ON TOWARD METZ American Forces Still Striking - Northeastward. . French Advance in Woevre East of Yerdnn. TAKE FORTIFIED POSITIONS Yanks Win Ground in Valley of Rupt de Mad. Germans Had Prepared To Stay ' in St. Mihiel Salient. Paris, Sept. 18. American forces striking northeastward along the val ley of the Rupt de Mad in the direc tion of Gorze and Chambley. have captured a series -of important forti fied positions, La Liberte announced today. (Gorze is seven miles southwest of Metz and a mile within German fron tier. Chambley is five miles from Gorze). . . - At the same time the French, oper ating in the Woevre, advanced two to three kilometers (a mile and a quarter to a mile and three-quarters). They reached a line east of Watron ville, Hautecourt Dieppe and Moran ville, ' it was reported. Dieppe is six miles northeast of Ver dun. Hautecourt is three miles south east of Dieppe. Moranville is a mile' south of Hautecourt. Wratronville is three miles south of Moranville). Huns Expected to Stay, ( By tte Associated Tress.) With the American army on the Lorraine front, Tuesday; Sept. 17. : The Germans apparently never ex- i pected to be ousted from the St. Mi hiel salient. They had done much work in building shelters and beer gardens and about the Soulveie farm the country had been made to look like a prosperous German neighbor hood with resorts where townspeople might spend their holidays. Little clubhouses were built and equipped not wholly in keeping with front line operations. The dugouts and shelters of the officers were fitted almost luxuriously, some of the larger ones being fitted with bath tubs and running water and lighted by electri city. Outside of many of them were little summer houses where the occu pants were accustomed to Bit and drink beer. When the Americans advanced they captured a German mess sergeant who had been instructed to pack . up and leave but who had underesti mated the speed of the American pro gress. He was carrying a quantity of beer and cheese and when he saw the Americans approaching he did .nut ran, but busied himself like a har ten- der and received . them standing be hind a table on which the beer and cneese were reaqy tor consumption, KAN. SHORT 296 MEN Hll-ll( Not Enough Left in Class t To FlU4all the soldiers lived in Colorado and Current Draft Quota, Kansas has but 992 men available for immediate war service. Unless 296 additional men can be secured J ? iC"'on- the. Bt,ate must i 2ft ?? a7fnmenta fr e! nQ t ' men- JEhe mn 1 oZ nfnrS1e,d,rin? five" day period beginning October 7. I .Kecords today in the office of Charles S. Huffman, adjutant general, show that nearly 300 men are needed to fill the current quota. It is be lieved that this number of men can be secured thru reclassifications- How ever, a telegram has been sent to Pro- yost Marshal Crowder asking for J" T wn?re m. nan ? m5" en" special instructions in event ?he It-1'? " wh,le wa,tlns for or" classifications fail to meet demands. d Th. fZ?h w. in 1 Men who registered September 13 will ,he tticeT who, waB cmnVuld be taken only under special orders ?' thf, troo.p train' ,i8.at,Mar?hfie.ttt from the war department I !?mpti,nfh to, c?npl,"t1e All das 1 men in t.i. .,, tion of the dead soldiers. On account Shtwnee county wui be Takl under ! of the ,act that the identification taBa the Tew SraTt Vder. bVo ",;" a "" front rank men in the county and citv Inntv and -, now total but nnineteen. Of these i three are in Shawnee county outside the city of Topeka, while seven are in the first city district and nine In the second district. NINE MORE MISSING Newark Fire Death 1.1st May Be In creased to Twenty. Newark, N. J., Sep't 18. Fear was expressed here today that the death list in the fire which, destroyed the plant of the American Button . com pany may be increased to twenty. Eleven are known to have lost their lives and nine others, all girls, are missing. An investigation, under di rection of Mayor Charles Gillen, was started and the grand jury may take up the probe with a view to fixing re sponsibility if there is any hint of neg ligence. The building is said to have been well equipped with fire escapes ana stairways. Seven of the bodies recovered from the T-iilr,. . K "I.. GAVE IT," HE SAID;x'Fr ! Soldier Had Just Been Told That He ; Had Iost an Arm. I Chicago. Sept. 18. Arthur Malwrn i FoVaspeakOUd8ur.ngIt,heyd 2 HblrS loan campaign which will open on septemDer z. .Discussing the loan Mr. Evans sian; "Kvery American must say with the 1 Wr"dld.-S,tr.Ti,l,rep"ea. ? .Ws ..U..H. " ' 1,0 11.11 l.'Bl his arm: "I did not lose it: I gave it' Tou. too. must give, if not your lives, your comforts, and sacrifice all non essentials until this war is brought to a victorious conclusion." AN AUSTRIAN MUTINY Machine Guns Usd To Be Turned on Two Regiments In Budapest: ' , - London, Sept 18. A revolt ty two regiments in Budapest recenflvwas Told by a Hungarian officer captured by American troops, according to bat tle front dispatches received here. Or der was restore! when machine guns were brought out and turned on. the 'rebels. " , . - AMERICANS NOW READY TO HIT AT BRIET AND METZ Less than two days' gains of Americana in the St. Mihiel sali cnt are shown in black on the map. 15 TO 20 KILLED Forty Soldiers Were Injured in - Frisco Wreck. Names of the Dead Could Not Be Secured. - Springfield, 'Mo., Sept 18. Between fifteen and twenty soldiers were killed and forty injured at 7:30 o'clock last night when a Frftco freight train and a troop train crashed together in a head-on collision one mile - east of Marshfield. The exact number of killed Is not known and it was impassible this forenoon to secure a -list of the dead. , The injured soldiers were brought to the Springfield hospitals late last night. With, the exception of rive or -t was stated that all- probably would recover. One man died at tna rem pital last night. From Colorado and BlLnnoaota., , , I thV T spared no pains to make the men as The troops are being attended here, i mmfnrtflhtp ss nosnitilci TTflCticallV Minnesota, Upon the arrival of the soldiers early this morning they were taken to I Springfield hotels for breakfast. J. H. tation. arranged with a hotel in the city for accommodations for the men. The injured men were attended at the hospitals by the Frisco surgeons ,,mhor of SnrinrfielA r,hvl- cians who volunteered 'their assistance. Red Cross nurses and canteen workers from the Springfield chapter also aid ed in making the men comfortable. The soldiers accepted invitations for a swim at a natatorium at the Y. M. i '" iiuunaiuic, i.tuuau uiuti.ia smicu. to secure a complete list of the dead n.ViV h. V.-w ! an d 18 Ca" el 500 men on the trr.in. The dead trainmen are - Lawrence, Armentrout, fireman, and G. W. Rich, ardson, brakeman, both of Springfield. A student fireman, name unknown, was also killed. Other members of escaped the crew of the two trains with iniuriea which are believed to be 1 ' not fatal. An invest ! p-ft rion nf in'. cause of the wreck is being made. f Springfield, Mo., Sept 18. Wreck ing trews of the St. Louis & San Francisco railroad were working early today to recover additional bodies of soldiers killed last night when a troop 1 train and a freight met in head-on collision near Marshfield, Mo., twenty miles northeast of here. ' The exact number of dead Is un known, but eleven bodies were in undertaking establishments at Marsh field, and, it was believed, at least five and perhaps & dozen, were still in Ji "'U.ff";:'-.WL l,"iu wreunast. r my m me more Ben- ously injured men were in Springfield hospitals, having been brought here a relief train. t Soon after the wreck military (Continued on Pa Re- Two.) MORE MEDICINE COMING , ; " ' j Ho U keep on "Dosing. T-atiAswi Sent 19 fSr-nckral Pprah- hnf?, replying- to Premier Lloyd Georpe's !5 irw7 Sd the" American army would endeavor to continue sup plying the premier with "occasional doses of the same sort of medicine." (Lloyd George, who dictated- the (message to Pershing, while ill in bed. said the .American success was better nan any of the other medicines he had taken.) More Reichstag;' Camouflage. London. Sept 18. It Is rumored In Berlin that when the reichatag meets there will be another peace demon stration similar to that of July, 1917. according to an Amsterdam dispatch to the Exchange Telegraph company. It is said that the terms 'of a peace resolution are being -drafted by 'tne majority leaders in consultation with the imnerial OianceHfrr. The reichatag will convene November 5. six ail are badly, eot and bruised, buvWjpt before the end of this month and - . ----- - . JS (RdrJT-AaiPtwr tlN FershiBg's men are now conaoii i dating their gains, strengthening' . their new positions and preparing; MAY VOLUNTEER Men Can Enlist Again for Serr ;, ; ice in Nary. , - Must Do It Thru the Local Draft Boards. Washington, Sept. 18. Provost Marshal General Crowder today an nounced orders to local draft boards 'which Willi permit the voluntary In duction of registrants Into the navy and marine corps and provide for drafts of men. to be assigned to those services if voluntary inductions do not suffice to fin the demands. "Ca.Ha for men. for the navy .will go sjaxlnecorps contingents will be call ed Within a -few weeks. : HOSPITAL SUICIDE J . - ' - Joseph Sehnahle Hanged Him self With a Sheet. Body Found by -Attendants Shortly Afterwards. By making, a rope-of bed sheets, Jooseph Schnable of "Spearville, Ford county, committed suicide at the To peka state hospital late Tuesday night. Schnable was dead when his body wits found by hospital attendants. . The patient had been in the hospital several months. " He had not displayed suicidal tendencies, altho he was de structive, of property. The man is sur vived by a wife and two children. Schnable's wife and children visited him Tuesday. It is believed depres sion over the visit caused the man to commit suicide. Mrs. Schnable told hospital officials today, however, that j ci uubimiiu suuwvu in' unuue Bigiia of disturbance as a result of the-visit Dr. D. F. Marcotte. county coroner, stated today that an inquest would not be ordered. NO MORE PURE FLOUR I Hereafter AH Flonr Vnil Cental Per Cent of Substitutes. Washington, Sept 18. Congress to day was aslced to amend the revenue bill to aid the food administration's new wheat conservation program. -In a letter to Representative Henry T. Rainey, of Illinois, Food Adminis trator Hoover suggested- that the bill be amended to repeal a tax of four cents a barrel on mixed flour, which has been in force sfnee the Spanish American war. The food administration. Hoover points out, is planning to practically do away with pure' wheat flour for the duration of.the war, and put in its place a flour consisting of 80 per cent wheat and 20 per cent substi tutes. - Unless the present tax- on mixed flour is repeated, it will stand as a tax on every loaf of bread eaten within the United States, whether baked in the home or purchased at a bakery. ITALY HAS SUFFERED Dead and Maimed in War Xumber One and a Third Millions. Rorr.e. Sept 18. Th Italian armies isince Italy entered the war amount to 1,350,000 in killed and " ;z lu. permanently disabled, according to a statement by Francesco KitU, minister of the treasury, here today. In an in terview, however, he declared: "After the war. Italy will be strong er than ever in men, due to the cessa tion cf emigration. Our difficulties today are in the labor field for no fewer than five million men have been called to arms since the beginning of the war." ' -jj, . Jap Statesman Dead. Washington, . Sept 18. Viscount Ichiro Montono, who resigned ns min ister of foreign affairs of Japan four months ago, died at Tokto yesterday from a stomach trouMe with which he had suffered for a long time. a conuag; attack on tiie tuermana either in th Metz region or in the Briey iron region less than twenty miles to the north- LABOR WILL FIGHT Gompers States Position American Unions. of Oppose Any Compromise With ' Autocratic Balers. . London, Sept. 18. Samuel Gom pers, president of the American Fed eration of Labor, presenting the pro posals of that organization at the inter-allied labor conference today, said the delegation is unprejudiced and open minded, but that it is bound by the principles expressed in the pro posals. The following, he said, are the es sential fundamental principles tor a peace 4reaty; .. . . - , ' Peace Terms.'' '.' "T -"A league' of "free peoples; no polit ical, economic or discriminatory re strictions, no indemnities or reprisals for vindicative or injurious purposes, but to right manifest wrongs; recog nition of the rights of small nations; no territorial changes, except for the welfare of the peoples affected. The American Federation Of Labor delegation submitted the following proposals to the conference: That the conference is unqualifiedly .determined to assist the allies in driv ing the central powers armies from the Invaded nations. Thus It is de termined to oppose the central powers armies so long as they are under con trol of the autocratic governments; that it endorses President Wilson's fourteen points; that the workers should officially be represented on each belligerent delegation at the peace conference and that it favors a world labor "conference to be held simultaneously. ' C. L. Baine, American delegate, presided at the morning session. He said he hoped the conference would be able to arrive at unanimous con clusions regarding war aims, which, he said, are so clear that neither friends nor enemies should misunder stand them. DRYS WIN A nGHT Both Parties In California Go on Rec ord for Prohibition. Sacramento, Sept IS. An effort to eliminate from the party's platform a plank favoring ratification by the next lAntBln..a . V. ...... 1 n.nl.ik,,,n , i.Kl,nlUI O J . I. V I U 1 U1VIIIUIUVU :&XSj? "JS the Republican state convention until early this morning when a motion to strike out this plank was defeated. There- was no opposition to the re- mainder of the committee's ' report . jng ani sympathetic co-operation of which included advocacy of govern-, the district boards shsll be sought in ment ownership of railroads, telegraph n instances. To the extent that rail and telephone lines and legislation to road men can be spared f oom railroad prevent - their use for political pur poses. - Both Parties for Dry Low. - The platform committee of the dem ocratic state convention encountered in committee room the obstacle which the Republicans had met on the floor in the form of opposition to a federal prohiDition plank, but the final plat form draft, adopted this morning in cluded endorsement of war time pro hibition action by congress. Francis J. Heney defeated for the democratic , nomination for governor at the recent primary by Mayor Rjlph It was contended that the California primary law forbids that Rolph. de feated at his own party primaries by Gov. Wm. J. Stephens, be the nomi nee of, the Democratic party. - QCM YANKS Tfl Rl IRUTY ' . e losses thel7.: c . . " ,vi" Wounded Soldiers Came Home. wedmg" 0 Stne-ATeri! raVpAcSl"11" expeditionary forces were landed in 1 onaD15r "f"001! . ' " the United States, the war department ' I,utJ' to Make Claim, announced today. There were 447 I "It is the patriotic duty of the men landed in the preceding week. who are considered necessary for the - - t operation of the railroads to claim Tfi' nRUT AT lITDnilM9.deferred classification and to furnish IU null I Ml WCnUUIl I : the district boards wtth the necessary ; - - information in their answers to ques- Gcrman War Correspondents Predict uIonnajre", to "h"w the DJn or such , ' . j classification. Kvery man who is Big Battle There Soon. helping in' these necessary occupations ; Amsterdam. Sept. 18. German war 'to operate the railroads In this coun correspondents predict th t activity i try is rendering not only a service in soon will be revived on the Verdun ' dispensnMe to the war. but a service ront where a great battle is said to be likely. EACH ON MERITS Will Be 'o Blanket Exemptions - for Railroad Men. No General Class Exemptions for Any Industry. M'AD03 APPEALS TO BOARDS Says Erery Railroad Man Is Absolutely Essential. Jfot Enough Men Now for Effi cient Operation. Washington. Sept. - 18. Railroad employes like all other workers must prove thler services are essential to avoid the draft Provost Marshal General Crowder haa ruled that there can be no blanket class exemptions of any kind. " ' , ' ' Director General McAdoo, who sought such blanket exemptions, today directed regional chiefs to ask defer red classification for every necessary employe. His directions follow: "Since the railroads are indispensa ble and the branches of the service to which employes belong are indis pensable, I understand the remaining questions for consideration by the dis trict boards are whether a. particular employe can be dispensed with (1) on the ground that the railroad has more of such employes than it needs, or (2) upon the ground that it can readily replace such employes with others. McAdoo Says All Are Necessary. "Please state to the district board with my full authority that, after eight and a half months of a thoro and continuous study of this subject, being constantly in touch with em ployers of railroad labor, the repre sentatives of the railroad employes and the representatives of the ' labor situation, generally for the whole country, there is no surplus supply of labor from which employes can be drawn to replace those who may be taken for military service. Any competent railroad employe taken from an indispensable branch of the railroad service will be subtracted from a force which is already too small and which cannot be adequately replenished. The taking of any such employe by any district board would be a step tending to Injure the war operations of some railroads. The taking of such steps by numerous dis trict boards would In the aggregate constitute a - cumulative and a far reaching: injury to the United S-ates railroad administration and would de stroy the purpose for which the gov ernment took possession of such con trol of the roads. Furnished Men for Special Service. "The scarcity of skilled railroad em ployes is due partly to the fact that up to the present time, the railroads of the country, in addition to meeting their full share of the demands of men for general military service, have been subjected to 'the peculiar disability that they alone, out of all the indus tries of the country have had to furnish large numbers of men for spe cial military service. - "Hundreds of miles of military rail roads in France are being -operated for the military forces of the United States by men who have been drawn from the ranks of the skilled officers and employes of railroads in this country. In this way the drain upon skilled railroad labor has already been proportionately greater than the drain upon skilled labor of other industries. And, this in part accounts for the x- ceptional shortage of skilled labor which confronts the United States railroad administration. " . -Women Can't Take Places. "It must also be clear that employes in these classes cannot be supplied by the employment and training of new employes. ITactlcaliy without excep tion these employments are not suited to woman, but able bodied and vigor ous men are needed for the discharge of the duties. These men are not available in adequate numbers and will become Jess and less available as the war progresses. ' Besides, untrained men cannot perform the functions and if skilled railroad employes are taken for military service, the substitution of untrained employes, even If available, v iuld prove destructive to efficient railroad operation.. . Boards Should Not .Take Tlicm. It is desired that the understand service for military service, we ought to spare tnem. But to the extent that they are needed for railroad service, the district boards should not attempt to take them- for military service. "The United. States railroad admin istration intends to ask for deferred classification only when the men on whose behalf the request is made, are needed in public interest for t'he con tinued performance of their duties and when experienced substitutes can. not be found. And. the district boards, upon whom rests the respon sibillty for preserving the necessary should be urged to grant in the in terest of the national needs and wtth a nation-wide view of the controlling factors. 'the applications for deferred classification which are supported by the United States railroad admlnistra- ! the regional director to all officers un- ! der federal control to see that proper .applications are made for deferred , classification of all railroad emploves . that is as pra'sew orthv and creditable 'as any war service could be." IDULGARSV LINE HAS GIVEN WAY BEFORE ALLIES Major Stroke In Balkans . Now On. Is Attack Was Launched Oyer a Wide Front. : ALLIES ADVANCE TEN MILES Reports State That 0 Cannon Have Been Taken. " Prisoners ..Early Today Beached 4,000. Had (By the Associated Press.) London, Sept. 18 (4:45 p. tn.) ' Bulgarian resistance on the - luowuuuiau iiuui io ncaacu- ing and the allied troops have advanced on an average of ten miles, according to the latest ( reports from Saloniki. Fifty guns have been cap tured. Paris, Tuesday. Sept 17. Allied forces on the Macedonian front have . penetrated to a depth of nearly four and a half miles on a front of fifteen . and one-half miles and have captured four thousand prisoners, according to an official statement issued tonizht hv the war office. . ' Front Is Isolated. (By tLa Associated Press.) As the allied offensive In Macedonia contlnues.to develop the Impression is i growing that an operation of major proportions may have been begun there. The front where the fighting la going on is almost shut off from the world, and except for official reports there are few details known as to the progress of the entente forces. It ap pears, however, that the attack, which ' was launched on Sunday, is still going on, and is gaining important ground ' just to the east of Mor.astir. Bulgars Admit Defeat. Sofia admits that the alliesi -hava been successful at some points and says that the Bulgarian troops have oeen witnorawn to positions further north. This may be taken 'as con- ' firmatlon of the reports from allied . sources telling of the success of the. drive over the high ridees whleh th Teutonic powers have held for the past, eighteen months or more. - Last report from 'the Macedonian front would seem to Indicate that the rather restricted front over which the first assault was launched is now being lengthened, especially to the east- Maps of the region where the battle is being fought show that the allies have carried valuable positions on high ground and that it Is possible . i . .. L . J ........ flOOOC U LlllU IUO BUI1B where the hardest resistance might be expected. . NAVAL STATION AT K. U. 200 Students May Take Naval Train-' ins t Lawrence School. . . Kansas City, Kan., Sept 18. Estab lishment of a naval branch of the Stu dent Training corps, the organization in which men of draft age are being . allowed to take up college work this year as members of the United 8tates 1 armed forces at government pay and under government oare, was an-. nmin?eri tnrinv with t V, itiMn.nt tint' 200 men will assemble at the Univer sity of Kansas at Lawrence, Kan., October i tor naval training under the, same plan. The announcement was made by. Lieut (J. G.) R..B. Campbell of the' Kansas City navy recruiting station following a telegram from the bureau of navigation. Whether the plan will be tried in as large a number of col-, leges and universities as the student army corps was not stated. The men Will he fndiiftojl thmi thai . .! boards for the corps, under plans which will be announced later. The men will be given infantry drill and educated along the usual lines taught at a naval training station. WIPED OUT RAIDERS American Big Gun Barrage' Left Jfo Living Bocbes on Field. ". j ' (By the Associated P .) With the American Army in Lor raine. Sept 18, (2:30 p. m.) German nfntrv attamnl.il tn 1 1 tka American lines west of the Moselle Tuesday evening, but the enemy troops were driven back by the fire of the -American artillery. . When observers reported that - a light line of German infantry men was approaching, the American big guns mien lerrmc oarrase inio inai area. There were no further movement br 'the enemy. Observers reported this morning that there were no living Germans in the region where they were sighted last nignt wuite a number of dead, however, were seen. American aviators report that on Tuesday American gunners scored a direct hit on a big German gun In the region of La Chaussee, destroying the gun. Other hits nearby destroyed a num ber of gun emplacements and one shell struck the dugouts where the German gunners had. taken cover. A PLOtIn PORTUGAL Army Officers Planned an Attack m ' President and Government. Madrid. Sept 1 8. A plot to attack the Portuguese president and govern ment said to have been concocted by a number of officers and non-commissioned officers, has been discovered, a semi-official dispatch from Lisbon stated today. It is planned to isolate in Lisbon those who have been appre hended. The Portuguese government Is tak ing possession of the railways, tela graphs,, telephones and waterways.