THE TOPEKA DAILY STATE JOURNAL THURSDAY EVENING,- SEPTEMBER '9. 1918
FOR A COTTON TAX
Republican Congressmen Would
Make South' Fay.
Declare "North Is Paying Prac
tically All Taxes.
SAY THE SOUTH HAS ESCAPED
Democrats Will Fight the Tax
Declare the South Needs the
Profit It Gets.
.Washington. Sept. 19. The first or
ganized effort to change the ways and
means committee draft of the revenue
bill wu under way today with cotton
and child labor tax amendment up
in the house.
Despite the -threat ef prolonged de
bate on these amendments and the
promise of introduction later in the
day of third amendment providing
for concessional committee to super
vise and investigate war expenditures,
house leaders hoped to rush the big
tax bill to a vote before adjournment.
The child labor amendment spon
sored by Representative Green, Iowa,
would put a tax of S per cent on the
p- -hi of any mine, quarry, cannery
or factory employing children under
14 or working children between 14 and
16 more than eight hours a day or six
days a we.k or using children between
these ages for night work.
To Replace Child Labor Iaw.
The amendment Is designed to re
place the federal child labor law re
cently held unconstitutional by the
supreme court and like the cotton tax
amendment will likely, meet opposi
tion from southern congressmen. Its
passage as part of the revenue act is
regarded as doubtful even by 'con
gressmen who favor it.
The cotton amendment, proposed
by Representative Moore, of Pennsyl
vania, would put a tax of ft on every
bale of cotton sold.
Seek "Showdown" on Cotton.
Moore proposed the tax In hope of
bringing a "show down" on the whole
cotton situation which has been hang
ing fire in Washington for several
Congressmen from the big; manufac
turing states declare that while pro
fits of steel men and manufacturers
have been limited during the war,
the cotton belt, they hold, is paying,
only a small fraction of the war taxes,
while It is reaping huge, profits from
Southern members declare cotton Is
only now recovering from podr years
before the war and that the country is
threatened with a short crop this year.
Probably Would Be IX" f rated.
While expectations today were that
the cotton tax will be defeated, south
ern members were ready to battle
every inch in fear that a combination
may possibly put the tax into the bill.
Moore also intends to propose the
amendment for a joi t congressional
committee to supervise expenditures
which he will urge as an economy
safeguard. Indications were that this
amendment would fail even if it should
escape a point of order.
Representative Sabath, of Illlno.
may also propose an amendment to tax
steel as well as cotton goods,
Lower Grades of Schools More Crowd
ed This Tear Than last.
A. J. Stout, superintendent of
schools, says that the lower grades of
the schools are much more crowded
than usual. Kindergartens ars asked
for in North Topeka, ons for white
children and one for negroes. Other
parts of the city that are without kin
dergartens, are sending their children
long distances for kindergarten in
struction. The 7-A class sf Lowmah school has
been transferred to Clay on account of
the crowded condition at Lawman.
The 7-B class at yan Buren will be
established this fall. For soma years
Van Buren school has had no 7-B
class because there were not enough
pupils to fill It.
THEY WELCOME DAVIS
British Pleased With Appointment- of
New Ambassador From V. 8.
London. Sept. 19. London newspa
pers today welcomed the appointment
of John W. Davis as American ambas
sador to Great Britain. They believe
he will successfully continue the work
ot- strengthening Anglo-American
A SYSTEMIN LOOT
"Loot Detachments'' Were As
signed to the Task.
Was Done to Neglect of Cap
tured War Materials.
FRENCH AMMUNITION INTACT
Dumps Were Passed Up In
, Work of Pillaging Homes. '
Hospitals Were Sacked, and
Then Blown to Pieces.
(By the Associated Press.!
With the French Army in France,
Sept. 19. Efforts to organize pillag
ing by the German army and the
transportation of loot appear from of
ficial documents and verified incidents
to have been much more effective
than the work of carrying out the re
moval of legitimate war booty during
this summer's operation.
The sacking of private houses and
public buildings thruout the regions
from Which the Germans have been
driven has been done with character
istic German thoroness by specially
detailed Squads. Advancing French
armies, however,, have found intact on
the plateau in the region of Soissons
It sprang from $13
and a set of drawing
it is an organization
serving millions of
TWENTY-EIGHT years ago,
with $13.00 and a set of drawing
instruments for capital, a young man
started' to build a great business.
In New York, the" great whirling city,
where millions struggle in vain to outstrip
others, and hundreds win their way to
success, he dared to enter a field already
Today, the magazine he started is the
foremost in its field; the pattern service
which grew out of , it has outdistanced
r . . . "
every one or its competitors.
NEW MAGAZINE for
women ! Why, already there were a .
, dozen such, and the leading ones had
twenty years and more of success
A new pattern for women ! The
pioneers in pattern making had already
been forty years in the field !
Yet steadily, swiftly, the young
publisher's unerring sense for the
coming woman's interests, the de
signer's genius for line, and instinct
for the American woman's taste in
dress, made their impression.
Before long, women asked: "Where
can we get patterns of these styles ?"
And so the Pictorial Review Pat
tern service was born.
In twenty years the new patterns
had sprung far ahead of every other !
"They are so practical," women
insisted. These styles, which every
one recognized were newer and
better, had so few pieces to put
together that the veriest amateur
could fashion for herself a dress of
distinction from them.
And when Pictorial Review de
veloped the plan of also furnishing
cutting and construction guides with
instructions of a simplicity hitherto
unknown, the popularity of the pat
terns bounded ahead !
Today, Pictorial Review's peculiar
appreciation of the taste of American
women "has placed their patterns in
every city, town and village.
Seven thousand stores offer Pic
torial Review Patterns to women! .
1,500,000 copies of Pictorial Re
view are bought by women every
2,000,000 Fashion Quarterlies
42,000,000 "Monthly Fashion
Books are distributed yearly through
Pictorial Review Pattern agents.
Today more. Pictorial iReview pat
terns are bought by American women
than any other pattern on the market.
Fall Fashion. Issue
One hundred ill us
tradons of new styles
of distinction and
six in full color. The
correct materials and
colon for Fall and the '
way to use them.
October Fall Fashion Issue
The Pictorial Review Company
AT ALL -NEWS-STANDS
Run W R C
mm bh mt mm a, a sa a ljv m at mt m jme mm a j m mi mi m mm m m m mim.m c
to cent the copy,
ft.oo the year
and elsewhere important dumps of
munitions which the French had been
obliged to abandon in their retreat last
Systematic Pillage. ' ,. ....
An order, "signed by General .von
Marwltx, and dated May 28 was foundJ
in the pocket of a prisoner. . It throws
peculiar right on the subject of pil
laging. After condemning in severe
terms disorganized looting operations
by soldiers for their personal account,
this document .calls attention to the
rules established for organized pillage,
and says that the men of the "loot de
taohment" bearing white arm badges
and special identification cards, have
the same powers as military police. It
adds, "the chief of these detachments
will confiscate a tables and drinkables
as well as vbjecta of current use that
are collected and keep guard over
pending arrival of the exploiting
Quartermasters Take Charge.
Quartermasters are authorized by
this document to apply to the use of
their units a proportionate quantity of
booty suitable for immediate consump
tion and to send the rest to the rear.
Private letters written by prisoners
give additional evidence of the extreme
limits to which looting Is practiced. A
striking example of this work is-tound
at the Vauduin hospital near Soissons,
which was established and managed
by Madamoiselle Canton-Baccarat. Be
fore the building was demolished by
German . shells, it was completely
sacked by German officers, the princi
pal offender being an army surgeon
whose name is known and has been
placed on file for future reference.
NO RAISE IN TAXES
New Seven Billion Appropria
tion Caused Anxiety.""
McAdoo Says 8 Billion Tax Will
v Meet the Needs.
Washington, Sept. 19. Secretary of
the Treasury McAdoo today put the
quietus on fears that the nation must
bear a greater tax than (8,000,000,000
Tor the fiscal year to carry on the war.
In an official announcement issued
as congressional leaders were floun
dering in confusion as to how best to
meet the added $7,000,000,000 de
manded this week by the war depart
ment, McAdoo declared "it would be
unwise to go further in taxaUon at the
"Conditions which might develop in.
the future." he added, "will determine
the question of further increases in
taxation. For the present fiscal year
it is our plan to ask for 18,000,000,000
One alternative for additional as
sessments is to go into new fields ot
taxation. This admittedly means Im
position of consumption taxes on the
people generally to an extent not here
Might Hint Liberty Loan.
That, it is feared, might hurt the
liberty loan. The problem thus be
comes one of getting the maximum
amount ot revenue out of both taxes
and loans, without impairing: the
country's ability to absorb the loans
and pay the taxes.
As a. result congress wants to he
convinced of the war department's
ability to spend all the vast sums ap
propriated ror it ana the, additional
funds now asked.
Chairman Sherley of the house ap
propriation committee declared today
between four and five billion dollars
already appropriated have not been
spent, simply because it has been im
possible to spend it.
STATE KEEPING HER
Indian Woman From Oklahoma Owns
a Valuable Estate.
Priscilla Bayliss, a Pottawatomie In
dian, might have been defrauded of a
large portion of her property rights
except for action this week by the
state board of administration and the
attorney general's ofifce. The woman
is an inmate of Topeka state hospital.
For more than twenty years she has
been mentally sick and unable to care
for her property Interests. Thru an
apparently corrupt action by her guar
dian, plans had been laid to practical
ly loot the insane woman's rich inher
itance. Some of the richest land in Potta
watomie county, Oklahoma, belongs to
Priscilla Bayliss thru government al
lotment and inheritance. Final pat
ents have never been granted on the
government , allotment and eighty
acres of rich land adjoining the al
lotment ha, been Inherited from the
woman's mother. '
The young woman's case came to
the attention of Wylie W. Cook, secre
tary of the board of administration,
when he recently investigated prop
erty rights of a number of patients in
state institutions. Altho the' state of
nansas naa eared tor Priscilla Bay
liss for twenty years fed and clothed
her and gave her nurse and medloal
attention the state had never re
ceived a dollar for its services or to
offset actual expense.
At present the Priscilla Bayliss es
tate owes the state of Kansas more
than $3,500. The estate in Oklahoma
in Its present condition is probably
worm siv.uuu. It is more than suf
ficient to repay the state for its care
of the woman and to give her such
comforts as might be afforded during
her remaining years. The state has
already Intervened in the case in the
Oklahoma court and the woman's
guardian has been cited to show cause
why he should not be removed from
an apparently unfaithful service.
ifr9 IF im If 1PWTTT
HOME OF HART SCHAFFNEB A MARX GOOD CLOTHES
For Parents Who Want .
sMJk UAl 1- MMiah a ISA uw
V DUY Friday
from this spe
cial lot of fine tai
lored, newest mil
itary styled and ;
fabric and cordu
roy suits. Knickers
full pes:: full lined
and made with belt
straps and watch pock
ets. Parents who have
the least idea of pres
ent market conditions
will not resist this spe
cial offer Friday
Juvenile Corduroy Suits for boys from I to S yrs.
cutest little military styles in blue, tan and C AA
mouse color. Special P9U V
Boys' guaranteed fast color K Sb E brand Blouses.
Fresh assortment in all sizes. Sold everywhere
at tl.00. Special. . ..... .
Boys' Fall Caps made of mill ends in wool
fabrics some with ear-flaps. Special
Boys' "Sctsnug" winter Union Suits, medium
and heavy weights in all sizes
f ik : x '
, w .VMS ter hut. ror
5tn these fine all-wool
AAv' suits we are selling
THESE extra fine suits
come in - silk
Boys guaranteed "Cadet" Hose that will
Reinforced with linen knees,, heel and toe
Six pairs, 9S.SO or pair
- Boys' and youths' fine tailored Shirts.
last colored materials, deluding Lustente VI HP
Madras. 12 to 14 14 collars. Special. ....... $ 1 .J
yrs. full cut
Boys Oxford grey and navy Sweater Coats f Of
Big roll collars 8 to 16 yrs..
Mothers Buy Children's Wash Suits now Some
heavy enough for all winter 1 PRICE
wear - ..........
Boys' Corduroy Knickers. S to IT
with belt straps and reinforced taped
worsteds, blue serges, fancy
cheviots and cassimeres. Splen
didly tailored, fine linings and in
the newest men's ana young
men'a fall models. You are mak
inar a savinsr of from $4.00 to
$9.00 by taking advan
tage of this offer Fri
day. Choice..... i.
Friday Basement Specials
Young Men's Suit Specials rfof younr men going to
school: We offer a good assortment of young men's
styHsh. all wool suits, made up in English models
with patch or slant pockets. Great values f A CA
and great bargains at Friday's price ePltMlU
Men's Worsted Trousers
Fall weights. Just
Mon's every day grousers
in Worsteds and Cassi
meres. All sises M it
Special Friday VCID
$t.SO neat pattern Negli
gee Shirts, all OC.
sixes, Friday 09C
Men's Rnbberbed Rain
coats, in tans and grays,
waterproof. CC AA
$1.50 Oxford Gra:
er coats, big
shawl collar. .
$1.00 heavy ribbed Shirts '
and Drawers, gray CC.
or ecru, each.....vvw -
Two Friday Shoe N Bargain.
Boys' Washburn Junior scheei shoes made with
Rock Oak sole, fine workmanship, speeial f O Cf
Men's new tall Washburn shoes; every pair guar
anteed in black and. colors. Extreme value, Jg QQ
Special Sale lo. Our
Electric Light Customers
' Cash only
September 19 -f
Regular 50 Watt Mazda Lamp
Five for $1.15
BUY YOUR WINTER STOCK OF LAMPS NOW AND SAVE MONEY.
Fill up your empty socket and have a reserve stock for winter.
Limit of ,20 lamps to each customer.
The Topeka Edison Company
808 Kansas Ave. No Lamps Delivered.
BUY WAR SAVINGS STAMPS WITH THE DIFFERENCE YOV WSUb SAVE. '
Hair Often Ruined '
By Washing With Soap
Soap shoald be used very carefully.
If you want to keep your hair looking
its best. Most soaps and prepared
shampoos contain too much alkali.
This dries the scalp, makes the hair
brittle, and ruins it.
The best thine; for steady use Is Just
ordinary mulsified cocoanut oil (which
is pure and greaseless). and is better
than the most expensive soap or any
thing else yon can use.
One or two teaspoonfuls will cleanse
the hair and scalp thoroly. Simply
moisten the hair with water and rub
it in. It makes an abundance of rich,
creamy lather, which rinses out easily,
removing; every particle of dust, dirt,
dandruff and excessive oil. The hair
dries quickly and evenly, and It leaves
the scalp soft, and the hair fine and
silky, bright, lustrous, fluffy and easy
You can get mulsified cocoanut oil
af any pharmacy, it's very cheap, and
a few ounces will supply every mem
ber of the family for months. Adv.
LARIMER TO LECTURE
IIo Will Talk on Battle Front at Wal
. nut Grove Church.
H. O. Larimer will give an illus
trated lecture on "The Western Battle
Front" at the Walnut Grove church.
Friday evening, September 20. at 8
o'elock. A map, four and a half by
eight feet in size, will be used to illus
trate the lecture. This map is now
display in the windows of the Tully
McFarland drug store.
In addition to the lecture a liberty
loan monologue "Rise Up, Jennie
Smith," will be read by Mrs. Ledger
wood. Miss MunsoR and Sidney Smitli
will sing. The lecture is given under
the auspices of the Walnut Grove
Brotherhood, and the public is invited.
No admission charge will be made.
Fortified Hill 1,000 Feet High Guards
the Approaches to Meu.
New York, Sept. 19. The American
front is now only ten miles away from
Fort Kronprins, the farthest outlying
redoubt protecting Metz on the west
ern side of the Moselle -river where
General Pershing is now operating.
Fort Kronprins is probably destined
to he the first of the Metz strongholds
to fallrto the American siege guns. It
stands several miles southwest of Metz
in a wooded, rolling country where the
hills reach a height of a thousand feet
and more. The fort is three miles in
side the German boundary and about
two miles from Gorze, on the main
German defense line. The Americans
are .now slowly progressing toward
Gorze to the west of the Mad . river.
Fort Kronprinz will not come under
the direct bombardment of the great
destructive mortar guns until the
Americans are near, if not actually at
the German border.
The long range shells which are ca
pable of being sent into Fort Kron
prinz from the present American posi
tions, ten miles away, have not the en
ormous explosive power necessary to
crumple up the structure. It will be
necessary, therefore, for the Ameri
cans to push forward some five miles
or more before they can secure the
maximum result from an intensive
bombardment. The German defense
line itself is well within the necessary
range to give the American gunners a
full opportunity for their deadly work.
Fort Kronprinz, from its hilly emln-
Why oversleep and lose an hour
or half a day when yon can buy
a reliable and guaranteed
That Will Wake Anyone
But a Dead Man? '
$1.50, $2.00, $2.50, $3.00
Nussbeck Hardware Store
Seward Are. Oak BU
Grandmother's remedies compound
ed from the medicinal roots and herbs
of the fields are now found upon the
shelves of the modern drug stores in
attractive packages and are among the
best sellers in prepared medicines
Prominent among them is that famous
old root and herb remedy, Lydia E.
Pinkham's Vegetable Compound, which
for three generations has been reliev
ing the women of America' from the
worst forms of female ills and is now
considered the standard remedy in Its
ence, exercises a commanding in
fluence upon the western terrain bor
dering the Moselle at the point where
the Moselle touches French territory.
For this reason it must be put out of
action before the Americans can ad
vance along the Moselle more than
three miles or four miles beyond their
present positions on the west bank.
. for Ford .Owner
80x3 Tires $5.00 to $7.50
30x3 Ms Tires $6.00 to $8.00
81x4 Tires $8.00 to $10
Your Dollars Have
v 5h and Quinry.
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