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The Topeka state journal. [volume] (Topeka, Kan.) 1892-1980, April 20, 1920, HOME EDITION, Image 1

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Partly cloudy tonight and Wednes
day; warmer tonight. ,
The Evening Newspaper
of Kansas
Gould Has Ten Days to ProTe
He Did Duty.
Law Trorides for Automatic
Suspension in Such Cases.
Crawford County Makes Record
Webb Was First Victim.
Resigned Following Ouster Suit
Coroner Is "ow Acting.
Had Assaulted Girl, 15 En
raged Crowd Wrecks Jail.
Black's White Companion
Spirited" to Cherokee County.
Three sheriffs in one week is to be
the record of Crawford county. Sher
iff Gould, appointed late last week by
Governor Allen, is today automatlcally
oiit of office under the Kansas stat
utes. The coroner is the acting sheriff
of the county.
Under the Kansas law a sheriff is
automatically suspended when mob
law prevails in his county and results
in a lynching. Unless a special ap
pointment is made by the governor,
the coroner is designated sheriff un
der the statutes. Sheriff Gould has
ten days in which to make a showing
that he performed his official duties
faithfully and to the best of his abil
ity during the outbreak which resulted
in lynching of an unknown negro for
assault of a young white girl.
Thinks Gould Did His Best.
"From all reports which have
reached me. Sheriff Gould performed
his services to the best of his ability
and showed unusual courage." said
Governor Allen. "The sheriff was
himself badly beaten during the riot
which resulted in the lynching. How
ever, under the laws of this state.- the
sheriff is suspended until his record
has been passed upon."
Governor Allen will probably re
ceive a statement from Gould in a
few davs. If the governor is convinced
that the sheriff did not falter in dis
charging his duty, Gould will be rein
stated. In the meantime, tho, the cor
oner will be the sheriff of the turbu
lent county.
White Boy Is Removed.
Ouster proceedings were filed
against Sheriff Webb w hen he permit
ted Alexander Howat to deliver an in
flammatory soeech from a balcony of
the Crawford county jail at Girard.
Webb resigned. The governor late
last week appointed Gould, one of
nctiDfl luriner uniBL&n -uv, aui:i
but four or five days of service, Gould
Is suspended.
A white boy Who was with the negro
at the time of his attack on the girl
has been removed to the Cherokee
county Jail at ColumbuB, according to
reports to Governor Allen. The gov
ernor today conferred with J. K. Ran
kin, assistant attorney general, rela
tive to an investigation of the Mul
berry lynching. Arrests will be made
Jit once, the governor said, should evi
dence be produced as to the mob
Girt Clears white Boy.
Fenjamln Franklin Caldwell Work
man, the white boy who was with the
negro when he attacked the girl and
who was with him when members of
the mob captured him. and who was
taken out of the little jail here with
the negro, was in a jail in another
county today. The officers refused
x to state when he would be brought
Workman, who was rushed away
from the Jail while the attention of
the mob wa3 centered on the hanging
of the negro, told officers that he met
the nero Sunday and spent Sunday
night with him at a coal mine, start-
ins out with the negro the next morn
When they met the girl in the
road near her home, northwest of
-Mulberry, about 10 o clock yesterday
morning, the negro proposed to at
tacK tne girl and Workman
he is 16 vears old beM ., .kiihi1' ,s t'eciaratlon Made to senate
the negro had stolen at the mine.
pointed at the girl while the negro
.ore parts of her clothing off and
made ropes with which he tied her!
to a tree. After they had gone a short ! W. B. Pratt told the senate naval in
distanee the girl becan to scream. I vestigating committee today. He was
ornman says, and the negro went
bark and slashed her throat twice
Further efforts were being made to
day to identify- the negro who. with B.
F. C. Workman. 16 years old, was cap
tured by a posse near the state line
and later identified by the young wo
man as the man who attacked her.
Workman, who told the authorities he
was from Springfield, III., was not mo
lested by the mob. He was taken to
jail at Olrard while the lynching was
in progress. He denied being impli
cated in the attack and his story was
confirmed by the young woman, ac
cording to the authorities..
Hanged to Telephone Pole.
Pittsburg. Kan., April 20. A negro
tramp, name unknown, paid with his
life late yesterday for brutal assault
K ontlnueu on Para TwbTi
Mansfield, Eng.. April 20. Si
lent teas for women are an innova
tion which Mrs. Hoskyne. wife ST
the bishop of Southwell, is trying
to establish here. Many women at
tended a recent meeting of the
Mothers' union, just to see whether
the seemingly impossible might be
It is reported that there was no
talking but that the tedium of tea
without a chat was relieved by sa
cred music.
Partly cloudy tonight and Wednes
day; warmer tonight.
Partly Cloudy Weather Predicted To
night in Kansas.
7 o'clock 44!11 o'clock 54
g o'clock 4 6tI2 o'clock 60
9 o'clock 57 1 o'clock 64
10 o'clock 50 2 o'clock 66
Temperatures will begin to rise
within the next 24 hours, according
to B. R. Laskowski, local observer.
Sunshine should prevail tomorrow.
There is very little chance of rain,
Laskowski believes.
Rains have been general in Kansas
during the last 24 hours. Precipita
tion was light in the south central and
west portions of the state. Rain pre
vailed east from Kansas to the At
lantic coast this morning.
Extremes on record for this date
(Contlnned on Page Two.)
Files for Ronotnination Today May
Iet Friends Conduct Campaign
Senator Charles Curtis of Topeka
today filed with the secretary of state
his declaration as a candidate for re
nomination for United States senator
at the Republican primaries in August.
The senior senator will be opposed in
the primaries by John A. Edwards of
Sen.. Charles Curtis.
In the opinion of persons in touch
with political conditions in the state.
Senator Curtis is at present stronger
with the voters of Kansas than at any
time during his long public career. He
has been active in congressional af
fairs in Washington during the last
five years and has given practically
his entire time to matters in the na
tional capitol. Due to his long and
energetic experience, he has been
rated as the strongest member of the
Kansas delegation in congress.
No petitions were circulated in Sen
ator Curtis's behalf this year. It is the
opinion of his friends that he will re
main in Washington during practically
the entire summer and may not come
to Kansas to engage in the pre-pri-mary
campaign. In that event his
friends in the state will direct his or
ganization work.
MEANS $1,100,000,000 MORE
Brotherhood Chiefs Present Wage De
mands to Xew Board.
Washington, April 20. Chiefs of
tne established rail unions today ap
peared before the railroad labor board
to present arguments supporting their
demands for wage increases totaling
$1,100,000,000 annually for two mil
lion workers, including most of the
"outlaw" strikers.
Among those who appeared at the
hearing were President L. E. Shep
pard. Order of Railway Conductors;
Vice President Doak, Brotherhood of
Railway Trainmen; President Timothy
Shea, Brotherhood of Railway Fire
men, and President Warren S. Stone,
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers.
Meanwhile, chiefs of newly organ
ised "outlaw" unions were also here
preparing a written statement of de
mands to file with the board.
Edward McHugh. representing Jer
eey City "outlaws." said thev would
not return
to work until assurances
were received that the board would
Rive immediate attention to their cases.
who BartjL. - -
by Naval Officer.
Washington. April 20. The
only a "battered hulk" of whs
navy is
A I. 1 1 1 1. " , ,,, 4 . -
when the armistice t-s Kicns ram
assistant chief of operations and now
; commands the Xew Tork district.
"Men are leaving the service in
droves and ships are lying Idle at navy
yards," he declared.
Vnion Decides
Work Is Plenty.
Cleveland. O.. April 20. A seven
hour working day in the United States,
Canada. Porto Rico and Cuba was
adopted by the International Cigar
Makers' union convention here last
night by a vote of S7S to 102.
It will become effective May 1,'1921.
Samuel Gompers, president of the A.
F. of L. and first vice president of
the Cigar Makers' union, led the fight
for the seven hour day standard.
Chicago Street Car Men Ask Hike.
Chicago, April 20. Conductors ahd
motormen employed by the Chicago
surface lines will present demands for
wages of tl and $1.04 an hour, offi
cials announced today. Their present
wage agreement expires June 1. Jun
ior conductors and motormen are paid
65 cents an hour and others 67 cents
; under the present scale.
Now Imports Record Set.
Washington, April 20. Imports in
March set a new high record while ex
ports were the second largest in thetahi. rnnn,'
I history of the country the department
of commence announced today.
Mississippi Valley Swept Anew
by Morning Twisters.
Score Reported Silled In Missis
sippi Many Injured.
Chicago District Suffers Xew
Terrors From High Wind.
Mississippi Riyer Already at
Flood and Rising More.
Chicago, April 20. A heavy rain
and hailstorm over the suburban cities
here recently shattered by tornadoes,
brought additional woes to dwellers in
temporary homes early today. Light
shelters were not proof against batter
ing hall and whole families were
driven to nearby substantial buildings.
In parts of the city proper, much
damage was done when storm sewers
Rock Island train No. 5 was de
railed at Marquette, 111., where heavy
rains had softened the track. No pas
sengers were injured. Traffic was de
layed on that road.
La Grange, a suburb west of Chi
cago, experienced a terrific hailstorm,
which left the streets covered1 by an
ice blanket several inches thick. The
right of way of the Elgin. Joliet
Eastern railway was several feet un
der water at Congress park.
Tornadoes Near St. Louis.
St. Louis, April 20. Small torna
does, hail and rain storms did thou
sands of dollars damage in eastern
Missouri last night, according to re
ports from Union, Montgomery City
and St. Charles.
The highway bTldge over the Bur
boa river was wrecked and the Rock
Island railroad bridge damaged by a
tornado at Union, which also un
roofed a doren houses.
An electric storm at Montgomery
City cut the town off from communi
cation with the rest of the world.
Wind at St. Charles wrecked chimneys,
smashed windows and twisted wires,
all in four minutes. Macon reported
heavy hail.
Mississippi River In Flood.
Hannibal, Mo., April 20. With the
Mississippi river here at 18.3 feet, five
feet above flood stage, the flood out
look here was threatening this morn
ing. Weather bureau officials say
that the river will rise at least two
feet more, because of heavy rains in
Iowa, which have brought the Des
Moines river and other tributaries up.
One Killed in Nashville.
Nashville, .. Tenn., April 20. One
man, Captain Mulloy, was killed and
a number of persons are reported to
have been injured in a tornado which
swept thru the southern portion of
Williamson county, southwest of this
city today. A number of houses were
Property Damage High.
Aberdeen, Miss., April 20. Several
persons are reported to have been
killed and between forty and fifty in
jured in a tornado which struck Aber
deen early today. Early reports esti
mate the property damage at approxi
mately $200,000.
The Harbold hog ranch near Aber
deen, one of the largest enterprises of
its kind in this section, is reported to
nave Deen destroyed.
Sheriff Among Killed.
Hattiesburg, Miss., April 20. Four
persons are reported killed in a torna
do which swept Bay Springs, county
seat of Jasper county, today. Ac
cording to advices received here the
sheriff of Jasper county was among
those killed.
Known Killed, Twenty-one.
Birmingham. Ala., April 20. A
number of persons have been killed i
and great property damage done by a
tornado which swept across portions
or Mississippi, Alabama ana Tennes
see today.
The tornado started in eastern Mis
sissippi and quickly passed thru that
state into eastern Alabama and then
Into southern Tennessee. The known
dead was thirteen with five reported
killed at Columbus, Miss., and several
at Aberdeen. Miss.
Reports have reached here that
eight persons were killed by the tor
nado at Collinsville, Ala., about sixty
miles northeast of here.
Eight persons also were killed at
Glenn. Miss., according to telephone
messages received here, bringing the
total of known dead to twenty-one.
Twenty-Four Thousand Barrels
Crude Worth $100,000 Taken.
Wichita Falls, Tex.. April 20.
Twenty-four thousand barrels of crude
oil valued at approximately $100,000
has been stolen from the Lone Star
Oil & Refining company's holdings in
the northwest extension field by per
sons who are said to have "tapped"
the company's pipe lines, it was an
nounced at the county attorney's of
fice today.
Four oil field workers have been ar
rested by Texas Rangers on duty in
oil regions.
Makes Counter Divorce Charges
Against Husband and Former
Dancing Partner.
New Tork. April 20. Attorneys for
Evelvn Nesbit Thaw, now Mrs. Jack
Clifford, said today she would file
cdunter suit for divorce against her
husband and former dancing partner,
charging improper conduct.
Clifford started divorce proceedings
here, naming an actor as co-respondent.
Discussing the proceedings broueht
against her by her husband, Mrs. Clif
ford said today she gave her husband
more than J20.000 between the time
they were married and the time they
broke up their stage and matrimonial
She said she bad deeded consider-
in the Adirondacks at
j the time of her marriage to Clifford
'and would attempt to recover this.
a, V
New Plans Laid for the "War
Veteran. Boons.
Cash, Farms, Education or Paid
Insurance Offered.
Washington, April 20. A four-fold
soldier aid program, giving the service
men the option of a cash bonus, credit
toward purchase of a farm or a home,
vocational training, or paid-up gov
ernment Insurance, is now being for
mulated by the house ways and means
committee, Chairman Fordney said
Four sub-committees have been
considering the four proposals during
the last three weeks and it is expected
their recommendations will be com
bined into one bill which will be re
ported to the house next week, ac
cording to Fordney. The combined
plan in the main follows demands of
th,o American Legion.
All of the four optional propositions
would be based on the number of days
a man served that is, a bonus or
credit of so much for each day served
would be allowed. Likewise all of the
forms of aid would be limited to the
men who, it is believed, suffered th
heaviest financial losses by reason of
their service. This class numbers
about 3,000.000 out of the 4.SO0.0O0
enrolled in the army, navy and marine
At present, the committee is consid
ering proposals to fix these amounts
at from Jl to II. 7o for each day
served. V
The credits planned in other sec
tions of the bill to aid in home or land
buying, vocational training or the con
tinuance of government insurance
probably wrill be about 60 cents for
each day's service in excess of the cash
bonus figure.
Republican house leaders today
called a party caucus for Thursday
night, to consider the soldier aid legis
lation now being framed by the ways
!,and means committee. Efforts will
be made, it was decided at a meeting
of the steering committee, to fix the
amount of the additional compensation
and to agree whether the necessary
revenue will be raised by a sales tax
or a levy on war profits.
National Increase Is Seventy Per Cent
$150,000,000 Spent In 1910.
New Tork, April 20. The volume
of national newspapers advertising last
year reached $150,000,000, according
to the annual report of the bureau of
advertising, American Newspaper
Publishers' association.
The average increase in national ad
vertising among members of the bu
reau during the year was estimated at
70 per- cent in the report. The in
crease, the bureau says, seems bound
ed only by the scarcity of paper.
World's Swimming Record Broken.
Honolulu. April 20. Warren Kea
Ioha, of Honolulu, swam 100 yards
backstroke in the Hawaiian centennial
swimming here last night in 1:08.
breaking the world's record by 1-5 of
a second. Ethelda Bleibtrey. of New
Tork, swam the 100 yards, national
women's championship, free style, in
1:05 3-5, four-fifths of a second under
the world's record.
MiUiken Estate $13,388,980.
St. Louis. April 20. The total value
of the estate of John T. MUliken, oil
magnate, who died in January of 1913,
was 112,385.980. according to a first
settlement statement filed in probate:
court here today. Mr. Mflliken was ;
reputed to be the wealthiest man in
St. Louis. - .
Hold Election
i Minus Names
'JiCity Ballots
Medora, 111., April 20. A city elec
tion without candidates was being held
here today.
Ballots consisted of blank slips of
paper on which, voters wrote names
of persons they desired in office. No
primary was held in Medora this year
because of the law passed by the last
legislature relieving Illinois cities of
less than 6,000 of that formality. Me
dora has 500 inhabitants.
Marshal Now May Get Official Orders
Not to Hang Stroud.
Washington, April 20. Pardon At
torney James A. Finch of the justice
department today again notified
United States Marshal Wood of To
peka. Kan., that President Wilson has
commuted to life imprisonment the
death sentence of Robert Stroud, who
was to have been hanged Friday.
Advices from Topeka said Marshal
Wood had had no official notification
of the commutation.
It was announced at the United
State's marshal's office today that a
telegram was received this morning
from the department o" Justice at
Washington telling United States Mar
shal Wood not to hang Stroud.
Wood wired to Washington Monday
for instructions in the Stroud case.
"My orders are to hang. Stroud next
Friday," Wood said Monday. "I have
received no word to the contrary. I
know nothing about any order of
clemency except what I read in the
Not Bear to Hear Details of
Slaying of Her Son.
Rochester; N. T., April 20. Open
statements were made today by attor
neys in the trial of James L. Odell,
who with his wife is accused of killing
Edward J. Kneip.
District Attorney Love outlined the
case for the prosecution. He said the
state will prove that shortly'' after
Odell was married, his bride con
fessed to intimate relations with
Kneip and they planned to kill him.
Among the spectators in the court
room were Mrs. Mary O. Kneip,
mother of the victim, and her
two daughters. Josephine Kneip and
Mrs. George Proper. Viola Williams.
Kneip's sweetheart, was also in the
court room.
As Love described the i killing of
Kneip, the slain man's mother stopped
her ears with her fingers. Kneip was
handcuffed to a tree and beaten to
death. Love asserted.
Mutual Grief
Killed Couple
On Anniversary
Milwaukee. April 20. The golden
wedding anniversary planned for to
day for Mr. and Mrs. Louis Marshall
became a double funeral. The organ
ist, who was to have played Lohen
grin Wedding march, touched in
stead the colemn chords of the
' Funebre.
Mrs. Marshall died of grief and
worry when her husband was taken to
a hospital. He succumbed when he
heard of his wife's death.
Radical Element Near Franklin
.,.,., Remains Stubborn. I
Howat Declares 3Ien Go Back
of Own Volition.
Pitfsourg. Kan., April 20. Approxi
mately half of the 12,000 Kansas coal
miners are at work today, reports
gathered by the Coal Operators' asso
ciation headquarters indicated this
In the Franklin region where the
radicals predominate, no mines were
working today.
With the statement of Alexander
Howat, president of the Kansas min
ers, that "the miners themselves will
doci'le" whether they will return to
work, and information that the com
mittee which had charge of the recent
Howat demonstration was urging the
men thru the miners' locals to return
to work forthwith, the belief was gen
eral In Crawford county last night that
the mines would resume operation in
full force this morning.
Between thirty and forty Pittsburg
clerks. most of whom are girls, who
were discharged Saturday, after taking
a half holiday Thursday to attend the
Howat demonstration at Girard, were
reinstated this morning.
The announcement was made last
night by an officer of the clerks' union,
who said an agreement had been made
to this effect with the Retailers' as
sociation. The clerks' union was
backed by the United Mine Workers
of America in negotiating with the re
tailers. Advices to state officials here today
were to the effect that practically all
of the Kansas miners would go back
on the Job today.
Alexander Howat's only statement
was that the miners would decide that
question themselves.
Secretary of Commerce I'rges Capital
and Labor to Co-operate.
St. Louis. April 20. Secretary of
Commerce Alexander, in an address I
here today urged that the industries of
America be maintained at the highest '
rate of efficiency, so that they may
compete more- aggressively for world
Capital and labor must co-
operate he asserted to expand Amer- j nn lnto the ten8 of thousands of dol
ica s foreign commerce. i-rg
Tho secretary addressed the con
vention of the Mississippi Valley asso
ciation and urged the business men to
oeveiop ijuuui Ameritan irau?. v 1111 j
the rehabilitation of European Indus- i
tries." he declared, "competition in
the world trade will become more ag-
gresslve. If the Mississippi valley
and the entire United States wishes to
enjov a fair share of this commerce
t .Amnatmnn vltVi Fnt-nn, l im n 0.
cessary that our Industries be main-
tained at the highest rate of efft-
Stutz R.tw in New York Prompts N.
T. Senator to Criticise.
Albany. N. T.. April 20. A resolu
tion calling for an investigation of the
, y ""-"""fr " . "'1
in the senate th s afternoon by Senator
Black. Brooklyn. The resolution was
referred tc the Judic'ary committee. (
Senator Black said he was prompted ;
to introduce the resolution by what he
had read concerning the action of the
exchange In
reference to the Stutx,
motor stock.
; Chicago Yardmen's Association
Calls Walk-Oot Off.
Leaders of Romp Union Urge
Men Back to Work.
Jnst Won't Work if Demands
Are Not Met.
Large Jfumber of Union FaTor
Settlement in Legal Way.
Chicago, April 20. The "outlaw"
railway strike will end tomorrow, offi
cials of the Chicago Yardmen's asso
ciation announced today. An effort
will be made, they said, to persuade all
strikers affiliated with the Chicago or
ganization to report for work.
Many public officers will address a
mass meeting here tomorrow to tell
the strikers they are not fighting in
dividual roads but the'' government.
Federal Judge Landis and Police Chief
Gharri ty were among speakers chosen.
Maintenance Men to "Quit."
Maintenance of way employes who
threatened a nation-wide strike last
February will walk out individually in
large numbers April 28, unless their
wage demands are recognized, leaders
here declared today.
E. F. Grable of Detroit, president of
the organization, has been petitioned
to make a request of President Wilson
for a temporary increase or 11 ft day
with time and a half for overtime
pending a decision of the railroad la
bor board on the employes wage de
mands. The General Chairmen's as
sociation of the northwest district
made the appeal in a telegram last
Prefer Legal Methods.
- Representatives of 38,000 railway
clerks and freight handlers favor pur
suing legal methods instead of strikes
to force their wage demands, they an
nounced today.
Reports of conferences with railroad
managers, made at a meeting of
freight clerks and handlers here last
night showed the railroads favor in
creases asked. The meeting voted to
hear further reports next Saturday.
No strike motion was made, repre
sentatives said today. The tone of the
meeting was temperate, delegates said.
Arrest of twenty-five other leaders
of the outlaw switchmen's strike was
expected today following announce
ment by District Attorney Clyne that
h would seek new warrants, jonn
Grunau. Harold Reading, R. W. Radke
and Samuel Cartwright. alleged lead
ers of -the ontlaw strike, were in Jail
today for refusal to furnish bond. Re
arrested strike officials, according to
Clyne, were taken because they vio
lated agreements not to attend meet
ings of strikers.
Railroad conditions in the middle
west were rapidly approaching nor
mal today following the strike.
K. C. Switchmen Go Back,
Kansas City, April 20. Fifty-five
switchmen returned to work in the
Kansas City railroad yards this morn
ing making a total of 250 switchmen
now at work, W. M. Corbett, presi
dent of the Kansas City Terminal
Railway company, announced. The
remaining switchmen in Kansas City,
nroximaelv 1 50
in number, are
automatically discharged by their
failure to return to work within the
time limit set. Mr. Corbett said.
Won't Authorize) Walk-Oat.
Detroit. Mich., April 20. The Broth
erhood of Maintenance of Way and
Railroad Shop Laborers will not
authorize any strike pending decision
on wage demands by President Wll-
i son's railroad labor board. President
Grable declared here today.
"The brotherhood is awaiting the
decision of the railroad labor board
and any strike pending the conclusion
of negotiations will be unauthorized
by our organization," Grable said. .
Arkansas Twister Also Injnred 1ZS and
Wrecked Town
Fort Smith, Ark.. April 20.
Twenty-five known dead, from 76 to
125 Injured and the casualty list
steadily growing as communication
was established with isolated districts
was reported early today from the
wind wrecked parts of Yell. Logan.
Franklin, Scott, Johnson and Boone
counties, Arkansas.
Communication with some parts of
the hill country, hit by the 8unday
night series of gales and near torna
does probably will not be established
for a day or two. Reports continued
to filter thru of small villages and
crossroad hamlets wrecked.
Eighteen deaths were reported In
Tell county, four in Johnson and from
three to fifteen in and around Blaine,
in Logan county,- Harkeys valley.
S Cabin Creek,
Howes creek, Htckey-
, lown-
Blalne and Belleville were re-
I ... . U - k.,H.. hit
v x,-,, ri,,.. -. reported
Knocks Rco Into Pole Eliza
beth Schick Slightly Hurt.
In avoiding a speeding motorcycle
at Third and Fillmore streets today at
noon. Holmes Meade, 930 Lincoln
street, driving a Ford car north on
' Fillmore street, didn't notice Miss
Elizabeth Schick, 30i Woodlawn ave
rtue. approaching from the east on
Third street, in a Reo. The two cars
collided. Both were driving slow.
The impact threw the Reo against
la hole at the corner and splintered
the two 'right wheels. Flying glass
! cut Miss Schick's hand. Neither the
Ford nor its driver was injured. Meade
called. Dr. Walter Weldling to dress
Miss Schick's hand wh eh was not bad-
ly injured
Miss Schick is the daugb
ter of William Schick of the William!
,,,,, v..,. .
Schick Mattress company.
traveling salesman.
Sonor Army, Aided by Villa,
Repels Federal Invaders. :
Troops of Seceding State Hold
Pass No Casualties.
Defection of Xew State Lea res
Carranza With Few Troops.
Candidate Opposing Carranza
Out in Open as Rebel.
Agua Prieta, Sonora, April
Carranzista troops failed in
first effort to penetrate Sonora thru
Pulpito Pass on the Chihuahua border.
according to messengers arriving here
With concrete breast works and
machine guns clamped to the sides
of the pass, it proved a death trap to
the federal troops, according to the re
ports of the messengers.
No casualties were reported smoni-
the Sonora defenders, and no informa
tion was available on the Carr.nri.-.
losses, the messengers stated.
Pass Is Impregnable.
The Carranzista soldiers in thin
skirmish lines last night felt out the
strength of the defense. A stronger
'V01?6 ,hru the Pa ' -pected
shortly, but officers of the
Sonora army declare the mrm. ...
sage and new defenses made it possl-
.r flfty Tn"t to ho,d h pass
against an aomy.
Anticipating that the Carrnnu ...
ernment will launch its strongest at
tack upon the Sonora and Slnaloa
rebels from the mor ,.tr. w,.
Durango border, secessionist forces are
being hurried there. Detachments of
Yaqui and Mayo Indians friendly to
the anti-Carranza cause have been sent
south Into Slnaloa to guard the wide
passes in the Durango mountains.
Rely on General Villa.
The Sonora army chiefs are couot
UVlliiBtas 10 Prtt the south
ern Chihuahua-Bonora Una from an
approach of Carranzista forces. Oen.
P. Ellas Calles has ordered 100,000
Ht tl fi5 mra,ln un ""munition
sent to the Vtlllstaa.
Sonora troops were also being con-
?hJiriT k 1 Mo"""" trom where
they will be sent into Slnaloa to hold
towns captured by General Flores on
his march toward Mazatlan and Tepee.
Index Tank General.
Mexico City. April 20. Nine rebels
were killed In a clash between gov
ernment troops and Obregon rebels
under Gen. Benjamin Hill, a former
American, it was announced officially
here tonight.
The engagement occurred In the
federal district surrounding Mexic
City, the statement said.
General Hill, the statement said,
sent a note to the federal commander
announcing he had entered the field
against the Carranza government and
ssking the troops to join the move
ment. The command answered bv march
ing on the rebels Immediately. It
was the first clash in the district
around Mexico City and was the first
official Information confirming re
ports than General Obregon h
started active organization of a rebel
Mexico City in Danger
Obregon who was a candidate for
the presidency, recently fled from the
capital witn General Hill, after he had
been accused of plotting against the
Gen. Jules Barracan, chief of staff,
also announced tonight Gen. Enrique
Estraba, governor of the state of
Zacatecas, has withdrawn his support
from the government and left the
state capital with a regiment of sol
diers. '
The governor of Michoacan tna
reported unofficially to have taken the
same action.
Yaakoe General Wounded.
Washington, April 20. Gen. Benja
min Hill, leader of Obregon's rebels,
was wounded In fighting at Contreras,
near Mexico City, last night, the Mex
ican embassy announced today. Most
of Hill's followers were killed, the em
bassy asserted.
Gen. Eduardo Hernandes, leading
"strong force." is pursuing Gor. En
rique Estrada of Zacatecas. who re
volted against Carransa. The Zaca
tecas legislature remained loyal and
named Jesus Sanchez acting governor,
the embassy announced.
Domestic Consumption In V. S. Is 49
Per Cent Abnormal.
St. Louis. April 20. Foreign trada
must be developed by the middle west
to take the place if impending mo
tion in present 40 per cent obnormsl
domestic consumption or the natloii
will face a financial panic, commercial
and financial experts to the Mississip
pi Valley association convention, open
ing here today, declared.
"The great safety valve and equal
izer In times of national depression,"
was the way a report and recom
mendations on foreign trade and
banking organizations summed up the
- need of more attention to exports by
middle western interests. Edward A.
Biggs, chairman of the reporting com
mittee, described present unnaturslly
large foreign trade as a "fa.se dawn,"
the result of world chaos.
Alliance. Neb.. April 20. Bur
lington train No. 2, which had
been snowbound eight miles west
of Hemlngford since Sunday, ar
rived hre early today, 49 hoars
late. Three snow plows and J0O
men were required to clear the
tracks. A bauy boy was bora on
the train. -

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