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THE TOPEKA DAILY. STATE JOURNAL SATURDAY EVENING) APRIL 24, 1920
PEAK LOAD 9 T0 10 Topeka Does Most of Her Talk ing in Morning. Busiest Period Shown by 'Flashes at Central Office. SOCIETY TALKS BETWEEN 5-6 Date Making Periods Desig nated by Phone Chart. Men Lose Tempers But Are More Polite to Central. BY MILDRED REED. "When in a casual, all-ln-the-day's-vork fashion you pick up the tele phone do you appreciate what an in teresting little electric action' results? And how mapy other little currents of electricity are demanding attention at the Identical minute that you are mak ing yourself heard? Suppose Mr. Topeka Citizen is ac customed to using his telephone most frequently between 9 and 10 o'clock in the niornins. He is not likely to know that 9.000 others of the large Topeka Citizen family also prefer using the telephone at that hour: The switchboard at the local tele phone plant between 9 and 10 o'clock of any week day morning will show more than forty pairs of young femi nine arms in remarkably rapid action responding to at least 3 50 flashing electric signals every minute, signify ing that Topeka citizens are demand ing telephone service at the rate of tM) per minute, or 9.000 in that hour. The forty pairs of arms in the aver- C A D AM : i- RM. J 3F r thT ?Tr rv 577 rm -ner tt sw wr- rw - 7w 35 tts fs7? Toicka's Telephone l-oad Curve. The above diagram shows the fluctuation in the tel&phone traffic in Topeka in the average week-day twenty-four tours, when approximately 100.000 telephone calls are registered at the centra! switchboard. About 9,000 of the calls are made between 9 and 10 o'clock in the morning, the hour at which fhe "peak load of the day appears. In this busy hour the calls average about 150 per minute. age week day twenty-four hours con nect 100,000 "parties with the num bers they are calling The BuslOit l!ur. Xo hour in the day can rival the sixty minutes between 9 and 10 o'clock in the number of calls regis tered on the switchboard. At that hour the business man really gets down to his telephone business, call ing the numbers listed on his memo randum pad and answering the calls that usually begin on his office phone at that hour. But probably the better reason for the largest number of calls ! at that hour is the necessity for re plenishins the larders in Topeka homes by telephone orders Nearly every housewife has her grocery or dering completed by ten o'clock. At no hour in the day do so many femi nine voices ask for telephone service. It is easy to imagine that the central girls become familiar enough with the numbers of Toicka grocery stores ! Announcing the arrival of New Type 59 CADILLAC The type 59 Cadillac represents the logical development of the eight cyl inder principle to meet present motor ing requirements. 'There is nothnig freakish, or untried, or unusual about it. It embodies and expresses the best thought and the best practice of nearly six years' concentration on one type. The added exterior beauties are plainly apparent but the greater beauties are those which await you in an ease of control, and a softness of operation, beyond our ability to de scribe. Body lines are a little straighter, a little smoother, without losing those elements of the conservative which still make Cadillacs of two or three or more years back so presentable. Such mechanical differences - as there are will be evidenced in a refine ment of Cadillac qualities, a readier response from a cold motor, great steadiness at even high speeds, a greater accessibility for necessary adjustments. These progressive improvements re-emphasize the Cadillac reputation for uniform goodness and dependa bility. This type now being shown at our salesroom. . - Wood Motbrs Co. New Location. 6th Ave. at Van Buren St. Phone 1560' JL L to estimate which are the most pop ular firms over the" telephone. The Peak Loads. The traffic over telephone wires is known as the "load" in telephone lan guage, and the busiest hours are known as "peak loads.' The "peak load" between 9 and 10 is by far the highest of the day. The second highest "peak load" of the average week day comes between 1 ,and 2 o'clock In the afternoon when busi ness is resumed after luncheon. women make social engagements for the afternoon and belated grocery orders are given. The third "peak load" of the day comes between 5 and 6 o'clock when a deluge of social calls makes the arms fly at the switchboard. It Is then that thou sands of Topeka citizens choose to make their engagements for the eve ning Vnd if central were listening which -she is not allowed to do and which she wouldn't have time to do A C and which she probably would not do if she could she would hear little but social conversation. Date mak ing makes the telephone "load" nearly as heavy between 5 and 6 o'clock as it is. -between 1 and" 2. After 6 o'clock the load decreases a little but not until after 7 o'clock, after many long after-dinner conver sations are over, does the demand for service show a marked decrease. The "load" goes down rapidly after 7 o'clock until the late night and early morning hours when calls for doctors, calls to railroad stations and for taxi cabs furnish almost the entire traffic. Complaints of Patrons. "That central girl on my line cer tainly has it 'in' for me," an observa tion which nearly every telephone cus- T tonivT- has made at some time in his telephoning career is nearly always an unfounded suspicion. For it is pos sible thru the shifting and relief ar rangement for centrals at the switch board that one telephone line may be answered by five or six central girls in one day. " "Why is it you alwaS's give me the wrong number?" a question often asked indignantly by the patron. Cen tral often shoulders the -blame of the girl who has served at her post a few minutes before when she says: "Beg your pardon." , No Need to Get Mad., When you get impatient for central to answer you it does no Rood to jiggle the telephone hook, according to care ful observations made by a spectator at the switchboard. When the impa tient one jiggles the hook rapidly to attract central's attention, the little electric signal which shows her that service is wanted flashes and goes out unevenly .and she is not certain o when to plug in your call, and it is distracting to her. It is a much bet ter plan to hang up the receiver and make a new start on your call. Operators Are Polite. Politeness over telephone wires is i mostly on central's side, according to further observations of the spectator at the switchboard who was allowed to he an eavesdropper for an hour and listen to the "Number, please," the giv ing of the number, and the "Line's busy," "Thank you," "Beg your par don" of central but seldom the "please" of the patron. Many pre liminaries to telephone conversations are like this: "Number, please." Indistinct mumbling of number pa tron. "I do not understand" central. Repetition of number in thunder ing tones patron. Gentle repetition of number cen tral. "YES," in stilly louder tones pa tron. . "Thank you" sweetly by central. Only about one out "of ten persons, it was noted after careful listening, an swer central's repetition of the number with "Yes, please." "Yes" or "Un huh" is the common response of the patron, but often central is given no assurance that she is heard rightly. Frequently the answer of the patron is gruff or impatient. Men lose Tempers. Altho men lose their tempers over the telephone much quicker than wo men, the central girls say that men are more polite when they receive good service than are women. Most of the patrons who answer "please" to the repetition of the number are men. "But perhaps if we had men cen trals women would say 'please,' " a pretty central girl remarked Weather affects the number of calls registering on the switchboard, it was pointed out. TJnl'ke other places of business, the telephone office receives a much greater amount of business on a rainy day than on ft bright day. Often the day the merchant considers the dullest may be the busiest of the week for the telephone office. The reason, obviously, is that housewives and business people prefer telephoning to subjecting themselves unnecessarily to moisture. If there are 100.000 calls over the Topeka switchboard in the average twenty-four hours, when nothing un usual has happened to Topeka, to the United. States or to the world in gen eral, kindly imagine how choked were the wires on Jrovember 11, 1918, when everyone wanted to know "if peace had really been declared. Central girls had little time to celebrate that day. News Increases Load. Fires, accidents and floods, the mysterious blowing of whistles, elec tions, world series baseball and other events that do not occur every day in crease the "load" to an unbelievable degree. Troubles, of telephone girls are many, but their consolations are worth considering. One of the most attractive rest rooms in the city is fitted up for them in the local build ing. They have enjoyable social gath erings "on the company." But the chief joy of the central girls, it is easy to see, is the cfetejja fitted up to serve employes of the company only, where clean, well-cooked food is served at prices that would make most any Topekan or fighter of Hy Cost fall in a faint. Food at Cost. Food is served In the "Bell" cafe teria at all hours of the day at strictly cost prices. No profit is allowed to come from the service. It is hard for eyes to remain securely in the heads of those who gaze at the menu board at the cafeteria. Here are some items carefully copied from the food price list: Swiss steak $ .OS Mniibed pot aloes .0 Strawberries 10 . Sandwiches .0:1 Salads ; 04 Pie 05 Q. E. r.: That a -whole meal and more, including strawberries, can be purchased by a telephone girl in the telephone employes cafeteria for the price of strawberries anywhere else in Topeka. Which may explain why St is easy for her to be pleasant when you are not. IT IS UP TO THE WOMEX. Topekans Have Chance to Make 10- Cent Store Girls Happy. W. W. Eden, manager of the Kresge 3 and 10-cent store, will frive the 6 o'clock Saturday night closing a trial for three months beginning the first Saturday In May, according to Miss Linna Bresette, secretary of the in dustrial welfare commission. "The women of Topeka can make this innovation a success or a failure." Miss Bresette said today. "If they will Just remember that the girls in this store want their Saturday nights off just as well as clerks in other stores and arrange thier shopping ac cordinglx, there will be little trouble." Miss Hreserte said she would en deavor to persuade the manager of the other lOcent store to give the 6 o" clock closing" a similar trial. Stuti Shorts Squeezed Hard. New Tork. April 24. An agreement was reached today between Allan A. Ryan and brokers short of Stutz mo tor stock wherrtrading was suspended on the Xew York stock exchange. The settlement price agreed upon was $423 a share plus, stock dividends, making a toial of $-530 a share. IS A DYING RACE Covered Wagon Brings Back Memories to Topekans. 1 : Was Like Float in a Historical: Pageant. WAGON FOLKS DISTINCT TYPE: The Stolid Man, Patient AVoman, Wondering Children. j Transient Homes Seldom Seen in Kansas Any More. A covered wagon pulled by a team j of tired horses with a rickety chicken i crate fastened on behind, a silent dog ! trotting beside it and a little girl with bright eyes 'peeping out from under tTie top, passed down Kansas avenue one day this week, and like a float in some historical pageant, it was elo quent with the story of a day that is fast passing in Kansas, when every spring hundreds of "prairie schoon ers" dragged westward 'to the harvest and back again in late summer when the grain had been cut and thrashed. But it is not as "prairie schooners" that we know these wagons. The schooners were the conveyance of the early Kansas settlers who came out here from the east bringing with them what they could of the old home. The schooners today are simply covered wagons that for years the unfortunate, the restless, and the easy-going have used as their homes thru fhe sum mer, thinking that by fall perhaps luck would turn their way. Types-of Travelers. Of course there were as many sorts of people traveling in these wagons as there were sorts of wagons, and the outfit reflected the character of its owner. But in each one there al ways seemed to be the man who sits listlessly on the front seat, the reins in his hands, his eyes on the team ahead; the woman, always too fat or too thin, swaying with the slow motion of the wagon and looking half-heartedly at the village streets where were neat little houses, shady yards and care fully kept flower beds. Between the man and woman or peering out of the round opening at the back sat one or more children with eyes full of wonder and interest: the children were finding the world. Kach wagon was different from the one before and the one following un less it was one of a party. Sometimes there would be three or four together, a whole neighborhood or family hav-' ing pulled up stakes and set out at the same time. Some wagons were of extra large size with a firm white cover stretched over ample hows, with a well fed team tfo pull it and a perky little dog that trotted behind part of the time. In this wagon the woman usually wore a hat or sunbonnet and tried to keep from getting quite sun burned. With such a wagon there might be a pony for the children to ride part of the day. Often a Pathetic Sight. But more times the teams were pa thetically thin and looked as if they could not make the next town. The maji on the seat always was hitting at ennh Vinvaae -o.-itVi a i-i ? m luiffnt whin Such an outfit would have a stained"! and faded cover, patched awkwardly here and there with oil cloth, usually brown or red, and the chicken crate at the back would be almost falling to pieces. Even the dog would waiK with bowed head and with, tongue lolling out Some wagons were built on a spring foundation and the team could go trotting along, which seemed strange j for the usual cross country traveler i moved sedately. Occasionally the wagons were not covered at all, but 1 were little houses on wheels with win- ! dows, a stovepipe and about every-l thing except a solid foundation. The more careful nomads had an ex tra team which was tied behind the wagon and took its turn at pulling. Some wagons bore bales of hay, but for the most part the driver depended on the countryside to furnish the horses hay and corn. reared the "Wagon People." They were a class to themselves, "the covered wairon people. and Jhe vil lagers spoke of them in almost fearful tones, for it might be that they would steal. But for the most part they were law-abiding. Once in a while somebody one knew made a journey In this way and then the people in wagons seemed more like real folks, but for the most part they were re garded almost like aliens. So they passed, day after day, go ing west. At night you would find them camped by the roadside or in some hospitable lane or wood. They would cook their supper on acamp fire or little oil stove, and way into the night after the flaps of the wagon were tightly closed, the embers of the fire would smoulder, and the tethered horses would browse on the grass at the roadside. When a storm came with torrents of rain and thunder and lightning, the 1 children In the villages would waken up and snuggle down In their beds and wonder about the little bare legged children in the canvas covered wagons. The former had envied the little travelers when they went driving thru the town andhad wanted to join them when they had seen them eating by a camp fire. But now it was dif ferent. Then the Itctnrn Trip. Tn th- late summer and fall when 6! Dr. Edwards' Olive Tablets Get at the Cause and Remove It Dr. Edwards' Olive Tablets, the substitute for calomel, act gently on the bowels and positively do the work. People atnicted with bad breath find quick relief through taking them. Dr. Edwards' Olive Tablets are a vegetable compound mixed with olive on. They act gently but firmly on the bowels and liver, stimulating them to natural action, clearing the blood, and purifying the entire system. They do that which calomel does, without any of the bad after effects. Take one or two every flight for a week and note the pleasing effect, 10c and Zx. a bos. Pay When Cured Tt. Bnrkhart wants yon to writs h!m today for a treatment of Or. Bur Eh art's Vegetable Compound for Liver, Kidney, Stomach Trouble, Constipation. Catarrh, Kheumatifm. Pay when cured. Don't-, miss this grandest of remedies and won-: eerrul preventative for Grip. Flu. Address . n Main St.. Cin'ti, O. For sale at a.i ' lrus lores, 30-day treatment Sc. Adv. the stream of white topped wagons was moving - east again, they were a I little more worn looking and often i the chicken coop was gone. But the people within gazed out in the same , way, the man with his eyes on the : pulling team, the woman regarding i the towns with no feeling in her tired i eyes and the little children still won- I dering. j Each, 'ear there have been fewer i west in a car and the state is taking j j men to the harvest fields in great ; armies. Covered wagons will soon exist like Indians and buffalo, only in 1 the minds of New Englanders. JEroba- bly another reason for the decrease of ; wagon tourists is the increased cost of ; top covering material. I ! Motor Arews The Neal Motors company received -three carloads of Nash touring cars '. this week. L.. F. Butler of the Butler Motor company spent yesterday in Kansas City on business. ' I i M. F. Houserman of the McCormick ( Motor company returned Thursday from the Cleveland and Chandler fac-! tory at Cleveland, Ohio. j Rehkopf Bros, have just completed remodeling the wheels of No. 3 ftre truck, cutting down the wheels, put ting on demountable rims, equipping them with 33x6 Brunswick cord tires. The wheels were repainted in red and gold to match the body of the truck. One of the big secrets of Barney Oldfield's success as an automobile race driver, continuously before the public for nearly twenty years, was probably his steadfast refusal toy tam per with the design of the cars he drove. The "Master Driver" always trusted the engineers under whose di rection his cars had been designed and built. Only in the detail of tires did the veteran Speed King declare inde pendence. So much more exacting were his tire demands when com pared to those of the average motor ist that he insisted on entrusting his life only to specially built tires which incorporated principles of material, size, workmanship and design he him self had either established or person ally tested. This tire study and ex periment had at first no incentive aside from the reduction of his racing risk. So notably successful did they become, however, 'that the "Master Driver" finally yielded to the persua sion of a group of wealthy friends and helped form the Oldfield Tire com pany of Cleveland, which, with Mr. Oldfield himself as president, is now reproducing in large quantities the tires which the Speed King developed j and perfected. j c ... Dallas. Tex. OUie Wilson, negro, header! ' In to stop a figbt between frleuds and ! one of- the battlers chilled him with an ii c v i rum j i vv-J-;i aain eui. e., u I cu ing ins iiea a. OLDS Head of chests are best treated, "externally" with. VICICS VAP0RU m in 212 West 6th St. There "ain't" no such animal as black bass flying now, and I don't believe Mr. Jones could shoot straight enough to hit one if they-were, and I'll leave it to Art Springer. BIRCH. . Jones & Birch Printers BUILBINA ASSOCIATION 109 West Topeka, Kansas A little Full Paid Stock with 6'2co January and July dividends is a mighty convenient way to invest that sur plus moneyr Come in and call for our booklet. 2522 JACKSON ST. COLUMBIA STORAGE q S22 Jackson St. E. Li. 1522 JACKSON ST.? IKEPUBiLEG Everywhere you go you see Republic Trucks doing the haul ing job. Because Republic Trucks are noted for their ability to do harder work, for a longer time, at a lower cost. Rehkoof B JL Distributors for Nemaha. Riley. Pottawatomie. Jaiiwrn. Wabaunsee, fcitiiw noe. and Osage Counties and still have sonic open territory with rttht proposition for live dealer. AND LOAN BATTERIES MEAN SERVICE AT ALL TIMES OVERTON 1'Iione 022 Ti ros. Phone 994.