Newspaper Page Text
THE TOPEKA DAILY STATE JOURNAL WEDNESDAY EVENING, MAY' 12, 1920
Coprfca f$tti Journal Ad Independent Kewspaper FY FRANK V. MAC LENN1N. VOLUME XL! I... .No. IU Entered i erood class nutter. OFFICIAL CITY PAI'EU OF TOPEKA. ' SabacripUoa aM by Mali. Hv mail In advance, one year $fl.no ItV mail In ailvamo, nix month"... " Bv mail In a.lvan.e, ibree mnntlii. l- By null In advance, one moutb TO Rata by Carrier. One wretr - Incests One monll " reiin Telephone Kastern .iffl.-e: Paul Block, representa tive, Xo. 05 Madison avenue, New Jnrk; Century building. Chiraio; Utile HKlit-. Itoston: Kr.-sge building, Detroit; Lew's lllilg., ruiuaiu . . . ... I l..aa lmHf1in Meinnor: jw.-i:iir- v ,'., . 7. N.;vit-r l'ubllaliers- AsHociatlon. Audit bureau oi i-iiruiunmi MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS. The Aasm'lotecl l're ' exclusively en titled to the- uae for publlcutlon or all news dispatches cn-diK-d to It or not other wise creilite.l In this paper and alsu the )fM.-ti I ma publtaU? 1 herein. INFORMATION FOR ALL RKAOF-RS Of THE TOPEKA BIATt JOl'KNAL. Kadi reader of The State Journal Is offered tlie uliliuilted use of the largest In formation bnreail In the world. Tliis Service ISur.'au is located in the na tional capital, where It Is ! Immediate i.mch with 1.11 the great resources of the Limed States government. It ran answer practically any question r want to ask, but It catfM give; ad vice, eor make exhaustive research. The war fon-ed so many changes In the daily Mfu of the Ainerlciin people that the servlcca of this Information bureau will be Invaluable to all who une It. Keen iu touch with your government at all times. It c:in helo yon in a thousand wavs If Tour wonts are only niade knowu. 'ihe Slate Journal pays for this splendl I service In order that every one of Its read ers may take free advantage of It. You are walcomo to use It ns often as you like. Write your request briefly, sign j-our tissue and' address plainly, enclose a 2-cent stamp for return ponlnpe ami address, the TOVKKA STATE JOURNAL. INFORMA TION niKKAl". 'rederli: J. Haskln. Director, Washing--tnn. T. '. I'rouably the only law that can rout the profiteers, whom we so sel dom see but of whom we so often hear, is the law of supply and demand. When the supply ot Roods nearly equals"-the demand, pricey will fall. This adjustment may come from in creased production in this country, from a lessening demand, or from in creased importation of goods' from the other aide. The lower the prices go the smaller will be the profits. Prof its are reckoned on a percentage ba sis. A pair of shoes sold for $1S, on a 3U per cent margin of profit would net the dealer $4. The same pair of shoes, when sold for $8 on the same margin of profit, would net him but $!, thus cutting In two the amount paid in profit by the purchaser. J"oday is the centennial anniversary or the birth of Florence Nightingale. She was a pioneer in the w.ork of nursing wounded soldiers on the bat tlefield. Her followers now are num bered by the- thousands. Out of her activities perhaps grew the world-wide organization of the Red Cross. Cele brations of the day are in progress in many parts of the country. Congress still is wrestling with the problem of what form extra taxation for & soldier bonus shall take. How ever the- money shall be obtained It will come out of the pockets of the people, including the soldiers them selves. The whole proceeding looks like an effort to buy the soldier's vote with his own money. Probably Samuel Gompers did not realize what he was up against when he challenged Governor Allen to a defense of the governor's own chifd. The war which was to end war Is j itself still unended so far as this coun- i try is concerned. 1 THE SUBMERGED STRATUM. Preliminary to a discussion of the Kansas industri&I .relations law the Detroit Newt says: Organised human society moving at the impulse of peril is one of the most terrible forces exhibited on earth. Our government is a democracy and In it the will and wishes t" the people are supposed to have great weight.- But v.-hen the government went to war no individual right stood before it. Will ing or unwilling men were forced from their homes and sent into the deadly peril of the front lines of battle. Pri vate property was seized: money wss taken from the people by' enormous taxes: all criticism and objection were overridden and silenced; those who demurred were hunted down and locked up; high officials who ventured ideas not strictly in harmony with the group action were disgraced, tried and sentenced to imprisonment. And in general the great mass of public opinion indorsed all these evi dences of autocratic severity. It was justified by public peril, was the pub lic verdict. Taking up Governor Allen's argu ment in justification of the law the News continue! as follows: Governor Henry J. Allen of Kansas,, in his dealing with industrial disputes which endanger vital necessities, jus tifies government in summary pro ceedings on the ground of public peril, j Iabor says, "You must not take. away our right to strike." Governor Allen replies that- if the strike cuts off the means by which the people live, then the strike brings about a state of public peril and rights claimed by Individuals or groups of Individuals disappear before the great er rights of the state and the nation. Thereupon the question of justrre in the private quarrel between employer and employes Is submerged in the larger question of justice to the pub lic at large. At that moment the question comes under jurisdiction of government and should be handled by the judicial and executive departments of government with as much power to decide and enforce as in an other cases of public disturbance. When the question of industrial dis agreement is taken over into the province of th public, consideration of majority will at once enter. This Governor Allen settles by analysis of the composition of society. "Society hs says, "is builded in three strata: .About the top 14 per cent represent ing employing capital; t the bottom R'4 per cent representing organized labor: in the center. 93 per cent rep resenting 'us.' the Lublic a rood na tured. crotoolasmic mass, having no method of protection save the good natured power of passive resistance. Th Kansas industrial relations law is an effort to give this submerged nine-tenths of the American popula tion some protection. Governor Allen says It is not necessary to give full indorsement in detail to the Kansas plan, to admit the cogency of the rea soning which lea to it. organised so ciety brooks no opposition when its life is in peril. Food, fuel and the other basic productions upon which human life depends must not be cut off and if the acts of individuals or groups even incidentally tend to inter fere with the production of these ne cessities, those acts may lawfully be directed, check -d or even prohibited by the functions of government. This is Governor Henry J. Allen's contention and it will have the ap proval at least of the 92 per cent whose lives are constantly interfered with, if not imperiled, by the present industrial unrest and turmoil. But it also . is Governor Allen's contention that the 93 per rent can be protected with full justice to the H4 per cent and th 5 per cent. -That is the pur pose of Allen's Kansas court. WHY BONDS ARE LOW. Why liberty bonds are low and prices of commodities are high' was explained recently before the Acad emy of Political Science by R. C. Lef fingwell, assistant secretary of the treasury. At this critical moment, he said, many of our people have turned gamblers and wasters. For plain liv ing and high thinking . we have sub stituted wasting and bickering. We enjoy high living while we grumble at the high cost of living of silk stockings and shirts for the poor, of automobiles for men of small means, of palaces for the profiteer and the plutocrat. , "High rates of interest and discount, limitations, of currency and credit, these and all other traditional meth ods," he declared, "should b. used courageously but they will not suffice under the abnormal world conditions now prevailing. We must get togeth er, stop bickering and face the critical situation as we should a foreign war. We must cut government expenditures to the quick, abjure bonuses and real ize promptly upon all salable war as sets. Above all we must work and save. We must produce more, but more important still, we must con sume Tess." Perhaps there could be found no better place to begin the cutting of expenditures than in the treasury de partment itself and the cutting proc ess could be extended to all other de partments without congressional ac tion. ' For five years, Mr. Leffingwell said, the world has been consuming more than it produced, living upon its cap ital, and the governments of the world have been issuing evidences of indebt edness to represent the wealth de stroyed. This has caused world in flation of prices. When they were is sued, no one. could foresee the prob able course of the market for liberty bonds and victory notes in the future with any degree of confidence. A year ago. It was freely predicted by financial authorities that victory notes would shortly go to a premium and that liberty bonds would be sell ing at or near par within a year or two. Every one, he continued, knows why these sanguine expectations have not been realized. With the armistice and still more after the victory loan, our people underwent a 1 great reaction. Those who had bought liberty , bonds as a matter of patriotism but not as investors began to treat their bonds as so much spending money. Those who had obeyed the injunction to bor row and buy liberty bonds ignored the complementary injunction to save and pay for them. A $5 Or bond in the hands of a patriot turned spendthrift was to him a $50 bill to be spent Saturday night or to her a new hat and if the $50 bill turned out to be a $45 bill, small matter- This was the first and most im mediate cause of depreciation of lib erty bonds affecting them particu larly. , Mr. Leffingwell pointed out that the bonds and notes were never meant to b treated as spending money. The Civil war, he said, gave us our fill of Interest bearing currency. Deprecia tion in market price serves as a check upon those who wish to spend their bonds. "Instead of telling the people frankly and .boldly," he said, "that prices are high because they are wast ing, ws fix prices and prosecute prof iteers in order that the people may buy more and pay less. Instead of telling the people that liberty bonds have depreciated because they are treating their liberty bonds as spend ing money, we clamor that the rate of Interest upon the bonds is too low and urge a bonus, to bondholders disguised as a refunding operation." Senator Capper ia reported to have directed the senate's attention to the fact that altho Attorney General Pal mer had promised to take action to bring down the high prices and had appointed a so-called fair price com mittee, that prices had gone steadily mounting tor" months, and that with these known facts having been offi cially brought out nine months ago there had not been a single prosecu tion either under federal law or the laws of the district of even one prof iteer. The truth of the senator's con tention being admitted, what does he plan to do about it? If he have any plan for doing away with profiteering why doesn't he spring it? The public derives no great satisfaction from be ing told that it is being robbed. What it wants is relief. And the profiteers care little about being exposed so long as there ia no interference with their operations. The United States was last in war. is last in peace and last In the League of Nations. Evening Story Fifty-Fifty. BY DORA MOLLAN. Ted Joy came into the family dining room doling out the morning mail and commenting on the external appear ance of each letter before parting with it. "Here's one for you from Aunt Ann, mother: the ever unwel come little bill for yours, dad; two for yours truly, and only one for you, Sally. What's happened to Chet? skipped you two days now." He paused to scrutinize carefully a large, square, brown envelope, ignoring his sister's outstretched hand while he re marked: "Says 'Fifty-fifty' in the corner and some, .address sounds like a tooth paste " "Or a lottery number," added his father. "Give the letter to Sally. Ted; you're worse than a country postman." Sally was glad to hide her disap pointment at not receiving a letter in Chefs familiar scrawl by appearing interested in the one bearing the cryp tic number. "Quickest way to find out is to open it, I suppose," and Sally suited the action to the word. Glancing at the first few1 lines, she turned over to the signature, exclaim ing in a surprised tone: "Why. it's from Chefs sister. Elizabeth. They've taken a little house out in Browns ville. It's on a river, and it's hardly finished yet.' Then, reading along. "They've taken it by the year; expect to stay there most of the time. They've named i 'Fifty-fifty.' She wants me to come down over the week-end." "Believe in being original, don't they?" commented Ted. "I like Eliz abeth; she's a good sport." ' "A clever little woman, and her hus band's a brilliant fellowalways en joy his stories. Come, Ted, or we'll be late at the office." So saying Mr. Joy, followed by Ted, walked out of the room and out of this story. Mrs. Joy turned to her daughter: "Sally, haven't you and Chet made up that absurd quarreLyet? If you don't look out you'll lose him. And then " "Mother," Sally interrupted calmly, looking up from the letter she was still reading. "Chet and I have not quarreled. It's merely a difference of opinion. "Call it what you like." Mrs. Joy persisted, "it amounts to the same thing. When I was young a girl was glad enough to give up her work when she married. You're a mighty lucky girl to get a man with a salary like Chefs." "Mother, it isn't the money but what's the use of arguing? I just can't make vou understand. Listen. Eliz-' abetlrsays that their new home would just' about fit into our living room ana that it has five rooms. She is fur nishing it according to the ideas she absorbed in Greenwich village paint ed furniture, in bright colors. She says it's a dandy bluff to put up when you're broke, to pretend to prefer that sort of thing to solid mahogany. She wants me to come down and help her decide on some of the colors. She asked Chet, too, but he can't get away. So I'll go, mother, if you don t mind. I can't do any more up at Mrs. Bar lows until that cretonne comes." When Sally Joy alighted from the train at Brownsville station it was raining steadily. No one was there to meet her. She ran inside, but the lit tle building was empty. Thru the window she could see a dilapidated buggy standing outside and a Ford, with curtains tightly drawn, came bumping down the road. It stopped with a jerk and a man jumped out. The long, yellow oilskin slicker and slouch hat pulled down would have disguised him from his best friend, but bv a certain indefinable some thing, perhaps his brisk movements, Sally recognised him instantly. Something sang in Sally s nean, "It's Chet! It's Chet:" but she deter minedly squelched that something and presented an unsmiling face to the young man. Chester Radiger seemed oblivious to her coldness. With much gallantry he took her bag, complimented her on her appearance, helped her into the car and kept up a. running fire of con versation during the three-mile drive. He described his sister s house m an amused fashion, commented on its name, and. to Sally's question, "Why Fiftv-fifty 7" answered that he would leave that to Elizabeth to explain. "Of course." thought Sally inward ly, "this is all for the benefit of the jitney man. He's making a show of treating me like any guest of his sis ter. I'll be just as nonchalant about it as he is. When the car stopped and Chet pulled back the curtains Sally beheld a tiny house, hip roofed and shingled, nestling close to the country; road. The Woman Who Loved and Earned A Modern Story or Home and Business By JANE PHELPS GERRY SOLVES HER PROBLEM. CHAPTER 105. Robert seemed quite interested in our history lessons. I couldn't quite make up my mind whether it was real interest in the history, or interest be cause he thought I was interested and, it would help to make me contented. For altho I tried to hide my. restless- ess, he was often conscious of it and worried about it. Had I ever been anything but a business woman, I would have known better how to manage myself in the changed atmosphere, under different conditions. Then, too, had I been any thing but a good business woman, my housekeeping would have taken more of my time, been more of a problem to me. But I applied business prin ciples and coTrimon sense to that, so eliminating a factor that is disturbing to many: but which might have proved a blessing to me, in that it would have kept me occupied. When I hear people say a business woman cannot keep house, cook, and market successfully, I always wonder if she was a good business woman. It seems to me that determination, linked to common sense, and as Mary would say, the ability to read, will make of any business woman a good house keeper. - Because I applied business principles to my home was another reason t took so little of my time. I had eys- t tematized everything, had a place and ! time for all connected with my work. so it left much dragging time on my hands, much time in which to think, and at timesi to regret. Not regret that 1 had given way to make Robert happy, but regret for the old work-filled days, the fee! of velvets and silks, soft ribbons and feathers. had loved my business. Unless over worked, it had always been a delight to me. Robert had been given a raise, and an apology at the same time because the. advance in salary was so slight. But Mr. Bui3?h had explained that u was all his business yet warranted. On the broad veranda stood Elizabeth and her husband, his arm about her shoulders. While Chet was settling with the jitney man his sister drew Sally indoors and up to the guest room, where a, cheerful fir burned on the hearth. "Take off your wet things and get Into a negligee," sh commanded "and let's make ourselves comfy here by the fire. The men of the house will start dinner. I want to talk to you before we go down, so save your ex clamations about the housa and the view vou can't see it. well, anyway, till later. "First. I'll confess that I told you a fib about Chefs not being able to come. Now don't get huffy it's be cause I'm fond pf you and want you for a sister that I'm taking all this trouble just at this time when l;m up to my neck in work. I wasn't 'cam ming' in my letter. We are hard up just now, and besides fixing up this house on next to notning. A m earn ing enough to carry us along for the present, just doing those little water colors." "But I thought Jock " began Sally. "Now don't interrupt till I finish." went on her hostess. "Jock has gone stale. You know that often happens to writers. Ever since he had the flu. He hasn't written a word for two months. He'll come back all right here, tho, where he can live the out door life- he loves. We spent alto gether too much money in the eity last winter, too. Well, he said that if I had to rfake the man's place for awhile the only decent thing for him to do was to -0 fifty-fifty on the household work. And he does. That's where, our house gets its name." "I sat Chet down in front of me this morning and I told him all I have told you and some more; now I couldn't have done this if I hadn't kept my hand in and had a market for my stuff. If Jock had been in sistent on my doing nothing outside our home when we had plenty, why " A cheerful voice sounded from the fool of the stairs. "Say. the potatoes aro in the oven, the table is set. the meat's cooking and it's cleared off. There's a glorious sunset, girls: come on down on the- porch and view it with us." "Oh, Chet," called back his sister, "come up here a minute." But when he arrived, two steps at a time, she suddenly remembered that Jock was igorant of the mysteries of salad mix ing, and disappeared. "I'm a convert, Sally," frankly con fessed the young man. "Tou may keep up your interior decorating. Only see that you don't earn more -than the old man he'd be jealous." (Copyright, 1920. bv the McClure News paper ojihw:.i LITTLE BENNY'S NOTE BOOK BY LEE PAPE. I went to get pops Spring overcoat from the tailers ware it was getting pressed, and Puds Simkins went with me, and on the way home with it Puds and, d. I bet that overcoat would be big enuff for both of us, I bet. Giving me a ideer, and I sed, T tell vou lets wats do. wen we get to my "house lets both put the overcoat on at the same time as if we was the Siamese twins. Wich- we did on my frunt steps, me putting my arm throo one sleeve and Puds putting his arm throo the other, sleeve and both of us putting our loose arms erround each others waist inside the overcoat ajn buttoning it down the middle, looking funny as enything. on account of the overcoat coming $11 the way down to our feet, aid we made It up to both say the same thing like twins and then I rang the bell and ma opened the door, me and Puda saying, Siamese twins, hoola hoola. Well for mersy sake, sed ma. And she started to laff like enything as if it was funny as everything and called pop, saying, Wilyum, come down beer if you wunt a good laff. Never tern down a good laff, thats my motto, sed pop. . And he came out and saw his Sprina; overcoat buttoned erround me and Puds and sticking out in different places ware it wasent men . to, and he sed. Ye gods, my freshly pressed coat, is this what Im sipposed to laff at? Siamese twins, hoola hoola, I sed. S'amese twins, hoola hoola, sed Puds. Take it off, take it off at once, sed pop not laffing yet. Wich we started to do, ma saying,. My goodniss Will- yum, is that your sents of humor? Is that your Spring overcoat, sed pop. And he quick took it away frum us and went back in the house, and me and Puds went and got in a game of cops and robbers. altho he knew Robert was worth more. Robert quoted him: "If we can keep on getting new business, as We have this lest month. I shall be able to give you more very soon. But it is owing to you and your wire we have picked up as we have. and I will not stand in your way if you can get more; altho I should feel badly to have you leave." "What did you say?" "Told him I'd stick, of-course The man's white all the way thru. I thought he was small and mean when I first went there, when he was only anxious and worried, I shall do all I can to boost things for another six months. Then if he can't pay more, and I can get it elsewhere, why I probably will make a change. But I am sure he is on the upgrade now. And I have made him spend a good deal, too, you must remember. All these innovations have cost him a lot. and I think cash. I imagine he has strained his credit, and has that to straighten as well as other things." Robert talked everything over with me. It had brought us closer together than any other one thing. We had no secrets now. and discussed ways and means, little economies, together as we never had thought of doing in the old boarding house days. One would think that all these things - would have made me happy and contented. But they did not. I had commenced to feel that some thing was inherently wrong with me, that I was hard to please. Tet I knew I wastiot. really. Then one day as I sat by the win dow watching a downpour of rain that had kept me in all day. I recalled that expression of Carson Murphy's: "A traveling artist in hats:" Why not? I immediately got paper and pencil and put down the names of people I knew. It made a fair-sized list, as I skipped no one, not even the hoarding house clientele. When I had finished, I made a few calculations. r . "A Traveling Artist in Hats!" Carson must have been inspired. . i 4 Tomorrow The girls approv Ger ry s plan.) Dorothy Dix Talks BY POKOTBY DIX Werld's Hlgbest Paid Worn aw Writer. Hunting a Husband. 1. I shav received a letter from a wo man who says: "I am S3 years old. I am well born, well educated, well off finan cially, and good enough looking. . I think I am like the woman jn Balzac's story who only needed a kiss and a love letter to make her beautiful. "But I have never had a beau. No man has ever even looked at me a second time. I have never even danced with a man who wasn't old enough to be - my father, or young enough to be my kid brother, for I live in a little New England village in which, in my recollection, there has never been a single eligible man in my class of society. As the young men grw up they all go away to seek tneir iortunes. "I frankly want to marry. I a domestic in my tastes and the only career that appeals to me is that of wife and mother and home maker. BUT I AM THIRTY-FIVE YEARS OLD. My hour , of grace is almost over. If I don't -marry in the next year or two my fate as an old maid is sealed. It is already signed, sealed and delivered so far as my opportuni ties of marriage in' my home town are concerned. Therefore, as I am strong in the belief that heaven helps those who help themselves I have been thinking of advertising in a matri monial journar for a husband. "What do you think of it? Do you think I will have any chance of estab lishing an acquaintance in that way with some man who might make me a suitable husband ? I certainly do not. If marriage is a lottery even if entered into by a man and woman who know each other. and had an opportunity to study each other, what sort of a . Jong shot at happiness is a woman taking who marries some stranger that she identi fies by his wearing a white carnation in the lapel of his coat? She hasn't got even at hundred to one chance of winning a prize. She doesn't know what sort of a past the man has. She doesn't know whether he has got a dozen other wives that he met in the same in formal way, scattered about the country. She doesn t know what sort of people he springs from, nor what stains are upon the name she is mak ing her own and will give to her chil dren, and anyone who could he guilty of such folly should be locked up somewhere in a padded cell where they will be safe until they come to their senses. There is just one thing that a wo man can be sure of in the husband she gets thru advertising, and that is that he is the sort she doesn t want for no man who hasn't some serious defect of mind or body, or who isn't an out-and-out adventurer needs to get a wife that way. Heaven Jtnows women are not so particular about the kind of husbands they marry, and any man who is halfway decent can pick out some woman he already knows for a wife and lead her to the altar. (Copyright, 1919, br tse Wneeler Syndicate 1 DC. i - -YOU used to give the family a treaf on Sundays by buying a full course dinner at' the"-old Cremerie at 30 cents a plate? -THE ladies used to lift their skirts when they crossed the muddy streets? Questions Answers Q. Who wrote "There was a little girl She had a little curl," et cetera ? W. A. H. A. This was written hv Ilenrv ' I.n-io-- fcilow as a birthday verse for one of his children. Q. Why. In trnnslatinjr "Mone, Mono, Tekel, Upharsin." did lianiel use the word Peres instead of T'pharsin? W. I... A. Teres is the singular form and Up harsin tlie plural. Q. From what was the word khaki de rived? O. K. A. The word khaki is Hindustani, mean ing dust, earth, or ashes, and la applied to dust or clay colored fabrics. Q. How was it possible to refuse Victor Berger a aest in congress wueu he was duly elected 'i R. M. t.'. A. The Constitution provides that "Kach house "shall be the judge of the elections, returns and qualifications Gt its own mem bers." What Is an oriflammc? T. AV. A. This was th-. ancient banner of St. Denis, and early French kings were accus-, tomed on setting out for battle to recrive it from the Abbot of St. Denis to be carried before fbem as a sacred and royal ensign. If. is used.'-therefore. In literature as a btandsr.l or ensign In battle. '' Q. Who was the first woman lawyer when and There was he admitted to the bar? 1. M. '. A. The first woman admitted to practice law In he 1'nited States w-ns Mrs. Carrie Knrnhnm Kllgore. Iu 1K84 shf was admit ted to the Delawa-e Co. ( Pennsylvania courts, and to one Philadelphia common pie.-is court, liy an ncr or the assemDly in lxs-o she was admitted to the state snorcni court and to the federal courts: iu lno to the United States supreme court. The tirst woman permitted to practice law in Kurope was jiiis. unauvin in X'aris, in WARRANTS FOR CANDY MEN. Charges of Vrofiteerins in Sugar Made by U. S. Commissioner. -Chicago, May 12. Warrants for the arrest of T. W. Bunte, millionaire head of Bunte Brothers' Candy com pany, ana fc.. w. Boehme. secretary, were issued here today by United States Commissioner Mason, charging violation or the Iever act. The warrants charge the two with profiteering in sugar.. Will Continue Mail Rates. Washington, May 13. Existing sec ond class mail rates would be con tinued until July 1, 1921, under a bill ordered reported favorably today by the house postoffice committee. The measure would postpone for one year each of the two authorized automatic increases in rates, scheduled to become effective- July 1 and one year later. MARRIAGE LICENSE3 Following are marriafre licenses lsTtd during the ls-t twemy-ffnsr hours by Pro bate Jaoge Kalps H. Gas: rtaTsaond P. Hentoe, Msnnattna. .T.l Edith Crowl. Manhattan 23 John I- Srowncll, Topeka ! Fay Redenbaugb. Topeka 7. 19 M' Lellart M. Shaw. Topeka... 44 Tearl Mae tSarreff. Tonefc so Wed.ifntt rings, s-B gold. (4 alp. Harris-Goar Co.. SOS Kansas Art.1 Adv. TO PROVIDE CARS tCoottpue-l tr-ut I 'a re One.t country, beginning August 15 in the central west and September 15 in the northwest." Shortage 80.000 Per Day. The' extent of tho nation-wide car shortage at present is indicated. Ken dall said, by the fact that railroads now are forced to turn 'down actual orders for about eighty thousand cars per day. The outlaw railroad strike is blamed for part of the car shortage. Coal production is being seriously hampered by the car shortage, ac cording to reports of the United States geological survey, which show that bituminous mines now are producing only eighty million tons a' week. This is estimated to be three million tons under the demand. Among the cities where plants are running on a short coal supply are Yonngstown, Pittsburgh, Cleveland and Toledo. Switchmen still are on strike in these cities and also in New York. Buffalo. Philadelphia. St. Louis and Kansas City, reports here said. Nw York Hard Hit. New York, May 12. The full force of the tie-up Of freight movement due to the "outlaw" strike of railroad men and the strike of the coastwise long shoremen was felt in New York today Thousands of loaded cars stood Idle in the terminal yards while industries suffered from shortage of fuel and raw materials.- Food supplies were running low. The United States Grain corporation relieved an acute flour shortage bv of fering supplies from reserve stocks held for export. Railroad officials reported their men returning to work and freight move ment gradually increasing, but reports from concerns today were that tneir freight shipments were not being han dled. Cars destined for New York loaded with freight are delivered at th ter minals but because of the lack of switchmen, the railroads are unablo to deliver the cars to their final destina tion. ' Conferences were in progress today looking to a settlement of the strjke of coastwise longshoremen. This would considerably relieve the freight con gestion in the-New York terminal. Industries Shutting Down. Chicago, May 12. Industries in the middle west are being forced to shut down daily because of a shortage of -cars for transportation of material, ac cording to reports received by business men here today. Chicago is losing close to two mil lion dollars a day as a result of the car shortage, according to John M. Glenn, president of the HUnoi3 Manu facturers' association. "This is the situation also In the ad joining middle western territory, which relies on Chicago for much of its merchandise,' Glenn said. Railroad men say there is little hope of relieving the present car shortage until more cars are built. BRTflSH BUY GENERAL MOTORS. 125,000 Shares Preferred Stock Taken ttf $20,000,000. New York, May 12.-r-British inter ests have purchased 123.000 shares of preferred stock of the General Motors corporation at forty pounds per share, according to cable dispatches today, which W. C. Duranf. president of the corporation, declared "substantially correct." The investment totals 5,000.000 pounds, or approximately $20,000,000. THIEVES BURNED FORTUNE. Manhattan Man's Papers Worth $62,500, Valueless to Them. Kansas City, ijay 1. Papers "val ued by their owner Dr. J. C. Wilhoit of Manhattan, Kansas, at $62,500, were burned by thieves who found they could not dispose of them, according to the police. The papers consisted of notes, oil leases, bonds and contracts and were stolen from Doctor Wilhoifs room- in a hotel by bell boy, according to Robert E. Phelan, chief of detectives. ON Til KIR LAST BIG HJK. Austrian-Hungarian Prisoners Freed in Russia Must Walk 4,000 Miles. Washington, May 12. Dressed in remnants-of the uniforms they wore in 1914 when captured by the Russians, thousands of Austrian and Hungarian prisoners have started on foot the 4,000 mile journey from Siberian con centration camps to their native lands. No provision was made by the Bol shevik', for feeding, clothing- or re patriating the men, reports said. DEATHS AND FUNERALS The body of Earl Smith, are 25. who died Monday at his home, 409 East Seventh street, was taken to Stafford, Kau., for uuriai. The funeral of E. T. Powell, age 5, who died Tuesday at a local hospital, was heli at 4 o'clock Wednesday afternoon from IVn well's chapel. Uuriai In Mt. Auburn cem etery. The funeral of Miss Lncile C. Gibson, age 21, who died Monday night at the home of her parents, Mr. and Mrs. W. II. Gibson, was hejd at 2 ::aj o'clock Wednesday after noon from Penwcirs'cbspel. Burial in To peka cemetery. - The fun?ral of Mrs. Oeorgietta C'orlcrt. ftge 70. who diet Sunday, was held at lo o'clock Wednesday morning from the home of her son, Lee M.-Grath, 1511 Tyler street. Burial la Topeka cemetery. . GEORGE WV HEED, age CI. died Tues day at a local hospital. The body will be taken to Waterville, Ksn., for burial. Tlie funeral of Mrs. Elizabeth H. Breck. age Wi, who died Monday at the home of her ton. Her. Aaron Breck. Mill Baat Fifteenth street, was held from the residence Wednes day afternoon at 2 :-Mi o'clock. The body will be taken to Northampton, Mass.. for burial. HARRT ALDEX. of rnral ronte No. I, died May 11. Fnnernl announcement later. Lord's Flowers Satisfy. TeL S2T . Aav. - i Local Mention The regular monthly meeting of the directors of the Public Health Nursing association was held this afternoon In the commission chamber at the build ing. " ' - i- - Call 1558 for job carpenter work. Door check and lock repairing. Han son and Hanson. &09 Kansas Ave., with Frick. the sign man. Adv. Tbe ladies' auxiliary of Mooseheart will give a frca entertainment Thurs- j day evening at Moosehall, (23 Jack-1 son street. Cash paid for liberty bonds. John t Kleinhans. 27 Qulncy. Phone 2761-J. j Adv. Dr. Lyngar, Dentist. S0 Kansas Ave. ! e Adv. " SNAP SHOTS ' AT HOME NEW3 Elks' dance Friday, 14th. Dinner at 11 p. in. Adv. j All !sues of Liberty Bonds bought j and sold. The hawne Investment , Co., R34 Kansas avenue. Adv." William Wallace. IS, was arrested Taut i night by Clyda Tresnrr, chief of detective. Treaner stated that Wallace admitted he Mole an inner tube from a car iarkMt in front of the Novelty theater Monday night, i Mis Grace K. Rchoonover, instructor of j dramatic art at tte Toneka high achool. j entertained the Co-operative elnh m rob"rs ; at the royular elnb dinner held Tuesday.! evening at tne i-tks club, sat gave several readings. Con pressman D. K. Anthony, jr.. hat filed declaration of bis candidacy for re nomlmion as the .Republican candidate for congress from the First district. James C. iavis. mayor of Leavenworth, filed atv a Republican candidate opposing Anthony ecvcral weeks ago. Thomas W. Cochrane, 8fi. former elerk of the court of Topeka. is dead at hitt home lu Kansas City. He moved from Topeka to Kansas City ten yenrs ajro. . A Hon. Fred W. Cochrane, was formerly employed !. Paxton fc I'aitoo. He ia now living at Wichita. To avoid a colllon with another ear. R. O. Smith, 155 Mulvaue street, drove his Cole roadster into a telephone pole at Tenth and Morris streets this morniiifr. The impact broke one of the front wheels on the Cole, damaged n fender and a running board, hut Smith escaped uninjured. The other car was not hit. ' A wife and children saved Ray Watson from paying a fine imposed on him Tues day afternoon by J. 1. M. Hamilton, acting police judge. Jars. Ray Watson told the pnuge that her husband struck her. Judjre Hamilou imposed a fiue of $5 ou Watam and then pa rolled him on his promise not to repeat the offense. Fire companies this morning responded to a call from the Fleming-Wilson Mercan tile company, lid KairnHH avenue. Flumes from a-gaa stove ignited escaping gas in a workshop at the rear of the building and caused a temporary blaze, which was soon extinguished by the sprinkling system. So damage resulted, it was said. John Nipps, a graduate of ashburn col lege, spoke in McVicar chapel nt the col lege this morning. Nipps bus been a niis sionry to China for seven years. Following his graduation from Washburn in lit 10 he was a traveling Y. M. C. A. secretary for three yeaws, going to China in 101:. He ex pects to retu ru to China after a few months' visit in this country. The members of the Y. W. C. A. business girls' clubs will ghe an entertainment at the Asoclatlon building tonight fr the ben efit of the fund to snd delegates to the Kstes Park summer conferences. IIow a Woman Keeps a Secret," and playlet by the 1. L. iJ. club and gymnasium drill and folk dances under the direction of MIs Uertrude Loudenback will be the entertain ment features of the evening. A social hour will follow the program. The public is cordially Invited, There will be no more egg throwing at Washburn college if the resolutions passed by the four classes on Tuesday t the college are respected. Tb denunciation of the egg throwing is the r sult of the egg ing of the home of President Womcr follow ing bis interference in the freshmen tipper classes acr.)p over the refusol of frer men to wear freshmen caps. The resolutions psssed say that the egg throwing was a disgrace to the college and suggest that those who are responsible for the act lease tbe school. K. S. X. MEET TOMORROW. Washburn Expects to Win Knfiily From Teachers mt Emporia. Washburn will meet Kansas State Normal in track at Kmporia tomor row. Dope easily favors the Blue in this match, as Washburn won the quadrangular meet here - .Saturday while Emporia placed last. While the Blue will probably lose in the dashes, they will pilo up an -overwhelming score in the distances and many points of the field events. ' Chances are now good for the Icha bods to win the state championship, meet to be held at Emporia Friday. May 21. Nineteen colleges will par ticipate in this meet. Coach Elmer Bearg said that his men will work lightly tomorrow, ex erting themselves no more than is necessary to win the meet. "We will conserve strength for the state meet." he said. PURIFY CITY BATHIXG POOLS. Commissioner Mclf fcrt Plans to Buy Cblorlnator for Pa.-!s. The city park department p!o: s to purchase a portable chloriiiFitir to be used in pvrifying the swimming roois at the city parks. The commission, at Its next regular meeting, will be asked by Commissioner Robt. D: Me- Giffert for permission for this pur chase, to entail an expenditure of $500. The chlorinator, of the type used by the British army for emer gency work, is operated by fastening it onto a boat and thus distributing the chlorine' thruout tho pool' and in the correct quantities. Come to Topeka Xcxt Year. . Salina, Kan., May 12. The two-day convention of the display men and window decorators .of Kansas cnri-d last night. Topeka was selected for the 1921 meeting. , MUSIC An Antidote for Unrest ; Charles M. Schwab, head of the Bethlehem Steel Com-' pany, srives in the ollowinsr words his views regarding the beneficiial power of music. "Music is a great antidote for unrest. It h t sedative and stabilizer and promotes beautiful thoughts. ... In all my establishments I encourage music of every kind. Better business and better work is done by persons who have an appreciation of the finer things of life. ' And there is nothing finer than good music." You should have music in your home. The Jenkins Plan makes it possible for you to own a piano or player piano and enjoy it as you pay. . Ask Us to Explain to You Today. mmncms V 5- Affair- rn 8eiiti and Other Pianos Phone 4209 jBE NO THIRD PARTY Kansas Labor Federation Will Sot Go That Far. W ill Support Howat in Indus ' trial Court Fight. Salina, Kan., May II. The Kansas State Federation of Labor this morn ing went on record opposing a third political party in the state to be spon sored by organised labor. The convention also passed a lengthy resolution condemning the Kansas industrial court, declaring it to be like the fusitive slave law and asserting the law rrteans industrial tslavery for the workers of Kansas. The convention pieagea tts support to Alexander Howat, president of Dis trict 14, United Mine Workers, in his fight against the court. - The meeting also condemned the political activities of Gov. Henry J. Allen in instituting the court. The action of the convention in op posing the third state political party, it was explained by Eresldent W. E. Freeman, does not prevent labor start ing third parties in political districts and counties, but expresses tho opin ion of the Kansas Federation of La bor cs a body. CCRIOS1TY WAS COSTLY. Arguing $25,000 Uajrc County Dnm Bsc Suit 1n Court Here Today. In addition to killing a cat. curios ity came mighty near killing Fred erick Benortham, minor son of Au gusta Benortham of Osage county, se cordfng to allegations in a $25,000 damage suit against It. J. Uriah of Osage county, being tried in Judge George H. Whitcomb's division of the district court today. The lad's curiosity In looking at an overturned automobile on the street of Scranton, Osage county, kept him from seeing Urish. approach in a mo tor car find the curiosity of Urish in looking at the overturned motor re sulted in his failure to see the bovs standing by the wreck, the petition re cites. Continuing, the petition charges that after Urish had knocked tho boy down and run over him, he did not stop his car until tho angry cries of tl.e spectators halted him. Injuries suffered by the boy aro permanent, the petition recites. A majority of the witnesses are the youth's school friends who formed the group of boys around the overturned car. " .. TURK NATIONALISTS GAINING. Sultan's Soldiers AreDescrtinfr and Joining New Revolutionists. Constantinople, May 12. Turkish nationalist troops have repulsed forces loyal to the sultan near lam Id and are advancing toward the Dardanelles. They have released all prisoners re cently taken at Hrussa and Abadaznr who would agree to join Atustapha Kemal's army. Desertinms to the -n.itirinalrst army threaten the sultan's forces with col lapse. PLANS THRILLER- OF OIL FIELDS Rex Beach Is Gathering Material in Wk-liiUt. Falls Field.. Wichita, Falls. Tx May 12. l:ex Beach, novelist, is visiting in the Wich ita Falls oil regions collecting material for a new book, the plot of which mill be laid in the petroleum belt ot this section. He will visit Newtown, Bradley's Corner and other, "rag" towns" of the northwest extension .and Waggoner Burkburnett pools. . . ; , ALLIES PREFER NEW CHARGES. Forty-five Germans Arc Charged With Crimes During Wnr. Berlin, May 11. The allies have presented a new note to Germany con taining the names of 45 Germans who are alleged to have committed crimen during the war for which the allies desire them prosecuted, thctforeign of fice announced. The list docs not contain the names of the former German crown prince or of Field Marshal von Hindenburg or General Ludendorff. Find Big Gas Well Nenr EmKria. Emporia, Kan., May 12. With a dally average of twenty million teet, a gas well has been brought in in the Teeter field, thirty miles south of here, believed the most important new oil d'scovery in Kansas It was learned to day. LOST Black pocketboolc containing? monv and eherkH made to M. Schulte. Reward. Call for Mrs. Schulte, Crosby Bros. Genuine Pianolas. Incomrijirabto ' Itir- Arts. 33 Kansas Arc.