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FATHER FORECAST for Kansas: The Evening Newspaper of Kansas Unsettled weather with local thun der showers tonight and possibly east portion Thursday, and west portion to night. HOME EDITION TOPEKA, KANSAS, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MAY 19, 1920 TEN PAGES FOUR CENTS BANKS AND BUYERS FORCE PRICE BREAK General Cut in Cost of Living Must Come as Re sult of Conditions Induced by High Prices, Says Baruch. RAILWAY TIEUP IS CHIEF FACTOR Oversupply in Some Districts, Shortage in Others. Housing Situation Is Slowly Ad justing Itself. MANUFACTURERS SEE BREAK Difficulty in Obtaining Loans Forces Dump on Market. Garment Makers Declare Peak of Trices Past. Washington. May 19. Price cuts In clothing and merchandise are the be ginning of a horizontal reduction In costs of all commodities. Including food, in the opinion of Bernard M. Baruch. noted financier, former chair man of the war industries board. "A nation-wide buyers' strike against high prices has begun," said Baruch today. "There is no doubt It will extend itself to food prices inso far as people are able to curtail their consumption of necessities. If prices generally go down too far. however, there is danger of a rebound." Banks Lighten on Loans. Curtailment of long-term loans cov ering non-essential operations and dis couragement of unnecessary borrow ings of all kinds will be the foundation of the federal reserve system's new policy designed to deflate the national finances. American bankers have .nlfictod thenwr'Cs.tftJitveper-ote with t the reserve board In the effort to carry out the plan The public Is on strike against high prices nd inite downward there is a def trend in com the country, ac modules thruout cording to advices hare today. The people are acting together, government economic experts believe. People have delayed purchasing their summer out fits ami in consequence merchants have been left with large stocks on hand. With price reductions being re ported from all over the country. Sena tor Kenyon said today: "It is an indication that some of the people have at last decided to stop paying exorbitant prices. The more widespread that decision, the quicker prices will fall." "There are signs of a general price rr;. notion," said Dr. Royal Meeker, government economic expert. I think it is safe to predict that this is shown by the way the public has stopped buying in the mercantile line. At least there has come an end of the upw. rd movement swing when everybody tried to outdo his neighbor in extravagance. "The action of the federal reserve board in raising discount prices has had an effect. There is also some in dication that speculation is being dis couraged. This should leave more cash and credit for the man engaged in legitimate enterprise." Going Back To Normal. The nation-wide railroad congestion Is the most important factor in the price situation, in the opinion of many government officials. It is causing a shortage of commodities in some dis tricts and an over-supply in others. There are indications that the hous ing situation is returning to a sound basis, according to reports here. Important developments in connec tion with the price situation were ex pected to come today from the meet ing here of grain dealers for a con ference with Julius H. Barnes, head of the United States Grain corpora tion. They were to discuss extension of the government wheat price guarantee beyond June 1. when it expires, and the present law. Gotham Prices on Tolxgjtan. New York. May 19. Prices are on the toboggan, it is believed by leading merchants and business men here. Cutting of prices of from 15 to SO per cent on ali lines of general mer chandise by many stores is the "indi cator of the break, they agreed. New York newspapers today car ried stories announcing drastic cuts in prices. The drop was due to the gradual slackening of public buying and tight money conditions, in the opinion of financial leaders. They pointed to the huge sale of liberty bonds on the New York exchange yesterday as an indi cation of the money market condition. The total shales of all classes of lib erty bonds were $27. 958. 500. Because of difficulty in obtaining loans from banks, war bonds were being sold to provide money for conducting busi ness. Members of the National Associa tion of Manufacturers, here for their annual convention, expressed the be lief that the peak of high prices was reached. Pull Buying Causes Prop. The drop in prices was attributed to "dull buying" by Joseph Appel of Wanamnker's the first store here to announce a drastic price cut. "When buying is dull there Is cer tain to be a surplus of materials and a surplus of materials is certain to make for a reduction In prices," he said. Garment manufacturers agreed with this statement, saying that a survey of Price Cutting Is General (By tbe United Press.) General reductions of prices on mer chandise, especially clothing, was re ported today thruout the country. Merchants in many large cities have cut prices from 20 to 60 per cent. Newspapers in New York were filled with advertisements of the "sales." Reasons given for the reduction were: A "slow" spring season with, the public doing little purchasing and leaving merchants with stocked up shelves. The "tight" condition of the money market. Banks were reported calling in loans, forcing merchants who had bor rowed money to purchase goods to unload In order to meet their notes. Congestion of freight shipments due to the lack of cars, the "rump" rail road strike and preventing proper distribution of merchandise. The food market, according to to day's reports, had not been generally influenced by the downward move ment. However, grocers in some sec tions predicted a slight decline might be expected soon, due to the general economic conditions. The congested freight situation was given as the rea son for food prices remaining up. The price cutting movement has hit the middle west, all large cities except Detroit and Cleveland reporting slash ing of prices. the garment market would only show on minimum purchases. The ' cloth market in New York reported trading exceptionally quiet. The slump has not hit the food mar ket yet, according to statement of gro cers today, but they indicated that they expected a slight decline. . Bt Louis Follows lead. , St. Louis..May 19. Price reductions ranging from lo to 60 per cent were made by many of the large stores here today following the lead of store in other cities. The reductions are on men's, wo men's and children's clothing, and, ac cording to the manager of one large store, are in the nature of the usual spring sales. People 'Will Not Bny. Springfield. 111., May 19. Refusal of the people to buy anything except what they absolutely must have event ually will force down prices, in the opinion of local merchants today. The failure to buy at existing prices has forced some big local dealers to cut the estimates of their department heads 50 per cent. Such reductions, it is believed, are being felt by the manufacturers who find themselves faced with the alternative of accept ing a big loss or cutting prices to a figure the buying public will meet. Merchants Face losses. Oklahoma City, Okla., May 19. Price reductions of from 20 to 40 per cent cannot be made by clothing mer chants without losing more money than the average merchant can afford, according to Charles Knight, owner of a large clothing store here. "Clothes legitimately marked cannot be sold at such a discount. If there is a cut in clothing prices, it will be made by merchants who have marked up prices excessively and can still make long profits by discounting 30 and 40 per cent. There are plenty of medium priced suits." Merchants here do not expect a gen eral reduction. They say there are selling on the closest margin in the history of their business. Detroit Standing Pat. Detroit. Mich., May 19. Detroit merchants stood pat today in the face of reported price reductions in other sections. The manager of one large depart ment store here said the eastern stores were cutting prices because they were overstocked. Milwaukee Bakers to Cut. Milwaukee. May 19. Milwaukee has started war on the high cost of living. One of the city's largest department stores has cut prices 25 per cent. Now local bakers have banded together to devise ways of cutting prices. Dallas Stores Untouched. Dallas. Tex., May 19. Dallas mer chants were today apparently "stand ing pat" on high prices which have prevailed since shortly after the war began. Price reductions, altho ex pected, were not forthcoming. Ohio Prices Downward. Cleveland, O.. May 19. Clothing, shoe and general stores in four Ohio cities have joined the price cutting procession. Three stores in Akron, two In Day ton, two in Canton and one large and seven small stores In Warren an nounced a reduction of 20 per cent in prices. So far Cleveland and other of the larger cities are holding aloof. Auto Dealers Make Cot. Omaha, May 19. Dealers in auto mobiles and dentists today announced material reductions in their prices, while among the larger department stores all but one had placed on sale their entire or greater portion of their stocks at discounts ranging from 29 to 50 per cent. Several shoe dealers also announced discounts of one-fifth of the selling price. One exclusive ready to wear estab lishment which is selling its stock at figures from 30 to 60 per cent below the market price in an advertisement advises its customers to buy at "the absurd discounts being offered in Omaha and nowhere else on earth." Food Staffs Are Reduced. Chicago. May 19. High prices have (Continued on Page Four) NO DROP IN TOPEKA Local Merchants Discount Pre dicted Market Slump. Prices Tot Likely to Drop for Some Time, They Say. BUT PEAK HAS BEEN REACHED All Dealers Blame GoYernment Taxes for H. C. L. Labor and Lack of Production Big Factors. Despite reports of reductions in. the east, prices in Topeka have not come dow.n, nor are they likely to do so for some . time, according to local mer chants. Topeka business men do not appear to be overly optimistic in re gard to the predicted slump in the markets. Dealers in clothing, dry goods, shoes, furnishings, groceries, furniture and hardware pointed to various rea sons why they do not expect a notice able decline. They agreed almost unanimously, however, that the peak of the high prices has been reached, and that a gradual decline extending over a long period may begin. Blame Federal Taxes. Taxes levied by the government are blamed by all merchants as one reason for high prices. It is pointed out that every producer, broker, Jobber, -wholesaler and retailer thru whose hands the goods pass must pay an excise tax. He adds it to the price of his goods and in the end the consumer pays it all and a luxury tax besides. "People do not give this tax propo sition enough thought," said L. C. Rahn, of the Capital Shirt factory. It amounts to an amazing figure when it is totaled up." Rahn said there had been a slight break in the silk market but that wool and cotton goods will remain high, except for possible slight reduction in cashmeres and soft goods- "Even tho wool should go down," he said, "it would not make a big dif ference in clothing prices, for labor is the one great factor to be considered now." "People Have Spoken.". Fred Voiland. clothier. Dointed to the government as setting the example in the orgy of extravaeance which followed the armistice and which still continues. He declared that sugar sold in Europe for one-third the price it was bringing in the United States The A. E. F. equipment, he declared, was unloaded for from five to ten cents on the dollar. "But the people have spoken." said Voiland. "They are raising hob wirtt the dealers and the dealers are report ing it to the manufacturers. The man ufacturers are awakening to the fact that the people will not buy goods at such high prices. Furthermore, deal ers are taking a stand In the matter and eventually it must bring results. In my opinion, the peak of the high prices has been reached, but it is Im possible for any one to say at what level prices will settle. The decline will probably be very gradual and ex tend over a period of . two years or more." Production Drop Factor. Roy Thompson, president of the Thompson Hardware company, said it was impossible to predict what the future may bring, at least in hardware lines. Lack of production, he said, is an important factor In the markets Just now. He held out little hope of hardware prices breaking in the near future, and pointed to the recent great steel strike as one cause of the pres ent high price of steel. O. B. Gufler, of the Poehler Mer cantile company, said there was no prospect of a break in the food, mar ket in the near future. "This is an agricultural section," he said, "and more stabilized than the east. There ' is no indication that prices in foodstuffs will be lowered here." David Friedman, of the Famous Clothing company, declared. "Prices are not going down. At least not until labor costs are lowered." WILrVETHONOS Secretary Houston Says Treas ury Cannot Stand Drain. Intimates President Wilson Is Against the Plan. Washington, May 19. Secretary Houston of the treasury In a letter today to Chairman Fordney of the j house ways and means committee de clared nis opposition to any soiaier bonus legislation, "however financed." The secretary said it would be "highly unfortunate" to place any new financial obligations on the treasury and suggested that it would be wise for congress to seek out additional sources of revenue to meet current government expenses. The letter indicates. Democrats on the committee believe, that President Wilson, because of the treasury condi tion, will veto any soldier bonus bill. "I think it would be highly unfor tunate for any new obligations to be placed upon the treasury thru the en actment of the bonus proposal in any form, however financed," Houston wrote. The letter was in reply to a com munication of Representative Ford ney, asking for the treasury -opinion on the proposal of Representative Rainey, Illinois, and Representative Johnson, South Dakota, for an eighty per cent retroactive levy on war profits. Warning of the condition of the treasury. Houston said that within three years government obligations represented by victory notes, treasury certificates and war savings stamps to the extent of eight billion dollars will fall due. WANT WAR SUGAR. RELEASED. National Grocers' Association Make Pies, to Attorney General. Atlanta, Ga., May 19. Grocers of the nation, thru their convention here today, laid their plea before Attorney General Palmer that "the department of justice should release all control of sugar and other food products af fected by wartime regulations. . Charge 'Birth of Race' Manager Didn't Clothe Eves Warmly Enough , .. . - i Warrant Sworn Out by County Attorney Allege Picture at Isis Advertised With "Fig Leaves" Noticeably Lacking. Advertising motion picture posters of Eve without "fig leaves" are taboo in Kansas and the person responsible for the distribution of such posters is subject to prosecution by the state. The first move on the part of the state of Kansas to insure fig leaves on actresses imitating Eve in the future came today when Hugh Fisher, county attorney. Issued a warrant against A. P. Gallous. manager of the "Eve-Birth of A Race" motion- picture being shown at the Isis theater. Seventh and Quincy streets, this week- The war rant charges that Galiuus exhibited certain posters and advertising matter "showing naked and partly clad pic BANKER MISSING Jaedicke "ot Heard From Since Learlng Hanover. o Irregularity in His Institu tion Found Yet. August Jaedicke, president and prin cipal stockholder of the Hanover State bank, has not returned to his home since he left Hanover Monday morn ing. State bank examiners today are working on the books of the bank which is believed by prominent bank ers to be in excellent condition. Neither Mrs. Jaedicke nor state bank officials have heard from the Hanover man since he left home Examiners at the Hanover bank had not reported to Commissioner Wilson this afternoon. So far as known there is no shortage or regularity con- : nected with the institution. It is the i permit renewal of the search of "Sam belief of bankers that Jaedicke became Riggs of Texas" was held as insuffi alarmed at the bulk of rediscounts : cient for continuance, and then the contained in his recent report to the state department and Is seeking to reduce this paper. He is rated as one of the most successful small town bankers in the state and is expected to return to his home in a few.days. V. O. Johnson. Commissioner Wilson will go to Hanover tonight to assist in checking up the bank's accounts. In the mean time state officials, as well as rela tives and friends of Jaedicke are try ing to locate the missing banker. His bank carried deposits of $600,090. It did not operate under the bank guar anty act. . To Waive Preliminary. Cashier V. O. Johnson of the Aulne j State bank Is expected to waive pre liminary hearing in Marlon late this afternoon. Johnson was arrested as he boarded a Rock Island train in Topeka Tuesday night after coming here to make a confession. Arrest of the Aulne banker was delayed, state officials asserted, in an effort to pro vide funds with which to meet bank shortages. A Kansas City paper told of criti cism of the state banking department by Richard J. Hopkins, attorney gen eral. Hopkins was reported to have criticised Commissioner Wilson for de lays in making the Johnson arrest. This morning The State Journal asked Hopkins for a confirmation of the Kansas City report. "I'm leaving town In just a few minutes and haven't time to talk," was the quite evasive reply to a re quest for a statement. "Then will you authorize republica tion of your position as defined by the Kansas City paper?" he was asked. "Goodbye." said Hopkins in dis- (Confirmed on Pose For.r.) ALL LINES ARE "BUSY" Full Day Confronts Telephone Men Here Governor Sneaks Tonight. Today is the "busy day" of the three-day annual convention of the Kansas independent Telephone asso ciation, which began in Topeka Tues day morning. Full morning and aft ernoon programs, with a luncheon for telephone men at noon, and a banquet and theater party tonight fill the day for the visitors. Addresses by Governor Allen and Judge George Wark of the court of in dustrial relations are headline on today's program. Governor Allen will talk at the banquet tonight at the Chamber of Commerce. Judge Wark's address was to be given at the audi torium this afternoon at 2:30 o'clock. F. B. MacKinnon. .Washington, D C president of the United States Inde pendent Telephone association, will address the afternoon meeting. Of much Interest will be the illustrated lecture by Capt. W. S. Vivian, of Chi cago, secretary-treasurer of the United States Independent Telephone associa tion, at the afternoon meeting. Other important talks of the day will bt made by Hank McHenry. of Jefferson City. Mo., president of the Missouri In dependent Telephone association; tures." It was sworn to by L. G. Vaughan, Inspector for the Kansas board of review. These posters were not approved by the' board of review, it is charged. Fisher stated that motion picture op erators are not permitted to show posters on the streets of pictures which the board of review delete from the screens. "It is clearly against the law," said Fisher. -'"The screen pictures show Eve with her back turned and long strands of beautiful hair give a good covering- while the posters present other views and the fig leaves are lacking." TRY KING IN JUNE Trial f Alleged Triple Murd- erer Again Continued. r . -p. . , , Court . Decides Asylum Patient . " Should Be Witness. ' Lyndon, May 19. The trial of Rufe King., of Maple Hill. Kan., alleged triple murderer, was continued in the district court here today by Judge R. C Heizer until the June term, on strength of representation made by the defense that Mrs. Loretta Fowler of Topeka, now an inmate of the state hospital for the insane at Topeka, should be material witness in the case. Mrs. Fowler cannot become a witness until she is pronounced as cured at the state hospital. The original motion of the defense based on Its request for continuance to defense presented the Mrs. Fowler af fidavit in which the woman claims she kept company with' John Woody in Los Angeles, CaMf. The charge against King followed the exhuming of a skeleton believed to have been that of Woody, oh property formerly occupied by King at Maple Hill, Kan. ; -.v.-. . "The FoMler afHdsivit i stated that Mrs. Fowler knew John Woody-nd kept company with him m Los Angeles in 1911 after Woody disappeared from ytasle HilU Attorneys for the state "instantly dis patched Maurice McNeill, assistant at torney general, to Topeka in an auto mobile, where McNeill, got - Sheriff Hugh Larimer, Dr. M. L. Perry of the state hospital. Judge Ralph H. Gaw of the probate court, and Dr. Karl A. Menninger, nerve specialist In mental diseases, who examined Mrs. Fowler and returned to Lyndon. Doctor Perry' testified that Jt was uncertain when Mrs. Fowler would be cured. Larimer and other wit nesses testified to Mrs. Fowler's pe culiar actions for weeks prior to the signing of the affidavit on which the defense demanded a continuance. The prosecution claimed that Mrs; Fowler's affidavit- was that of a per son mentally unbalanced at the time it was made, altho it was admitted that no insanity complaint was filed against her at the time. Testimony revealed that Mrs. Fowler went to Lyndon the day that the trial was first continued in a faxi cab at her own expense and, when denied an audience with King's attor neys who were busy in court, as well as with King, she went to Mrs. King and told of knowing Woody in Los Angeles. EX-CHIEF IS FREED Captured and Shown Door Out by Obregon. Deposed President 5ow on Way to Exile. Houston. Tex.. ' May 19. Deposed President Carranza was captured this morning, given passports by General Obregon and ordered to leave the country, according to a radio message received by the Oil Weekly from Tam plco. the publication announced. The radio was declared to have come from "a usually reliable source." It did not state, however, to what port the deposed president was supposed to be headed. The telegram read: "Carranza cap tured this morning. Given passports by Obregon and ordered to leave the country- Now on the way out." BLUE AND BAKER CLASHING. Joerg Starts Game With 25 Consecu tive Scoreless Innings to Credit. Washburn and Baker were clashing at Western League park this after noon in a return game. The Ichabods defeated the Methodists at Baldwin two weeks ago by a score of 18 to 7. Capt. "Bill" Joerg started the game in the pitcher's box for the Ichabods. When Joerg took his place on the mound today, it was with the record of having pitched twenty-five conse cutive innings without a score having been made against him. Wyman was working behind the bat. Johnson and Taylor were the batteries for Baker. Indications were that the Blue would win an easy victory in the battle to day. The line-up: Wasbbnrn Position Baker Joerg p. .....JohosoD Wyman ... ,.....c Taylor .....lb... ....Thompson 2b Scboeofelut ."b. M. Morgan i ss.. ........ ..K. Morgan If... Smith cf Shirk ......rf..,. Robertson .Nsb Boles Jemison ... Keiswetter Young: .... Kennedy .. Hunter .... Finns Want Peace 'With Red& Copenhagen. May 19. Finland soon will send a peace delegation to this city to meet representatives of the Russian soviet government, 'according to the Berlingske Tidende. WORK. AND WAIT ! Rail Board Flatly Refuses Rump Unions Hearings. Must Step Aside for Recognized Brotherhoods. GRUNAU IS THREATENING Demands "Outlaws'" Case Be Settled First. Chicago Police Fearing Out breaks, Prepare for Trouble. Chicago, May 19. The United States railway labor board today flat ly refused to hear petitions for in creased wages presented by John Grunau, president of the Chicago Yardmen's association, and officers of other organizations which went on strike recently in defiance of orders from national railroad brotherhoods. The board's ruling means that the strikers' only recourse is to return to work and await a decision on the de mands of more than 2,000,000 railroad employes for an annual increase of one billion dollars. Strikers' demands are included In j the demands presented by the Switch- !mcn s Union of North America which the board has under consideration. "It must be thoroly understood that the board cannot and will not under take to hear any disputes or contro versies except those which it is au thorized by law to hear and cannot and will not hear applications of parties who are acting in disregard of the law and who are not complying with the law and the rules of the board." Chairman Barton said. "Outlaw" leaders were very bitter over the ruling. . Grunau Makes Threat. Chicago. May 19. Striking "out law" railroad switchmen today served notice on the United States railroad labor board here that their demands for recognition and higher wages must be heard before it passes on demands of 2,000,000 railroad employes for an annual wage increase of a billion dol lars. . Declaring their number is a force to be reckoned with, the strikers, thru John Grunau. president of the Chi cago Yardmen's association, the orig inal "outlaw" union, filed petitions asking they be given a hearing. They claim to represent 200.000 railroad employes who have tired of waiting for action on increase. In anticipation of picketing or demonstrations, police have been sta tioned nearby ready to be of assis tance in case of emergency. That- demands of railroad employes. If granted, will mean a 60 per cent or higher increase in freight and pas senger rates, wa-s the belief of rail road men here today. They point to the fact that demands of trainmen in addition to those granted since 1913. amount to Increases ranging from 7 2 per cent to 124 per cent. OBJECT TO VILLA Wilson May Withhold Recog nition of 'ew Mex. Regime. Appointment of Bandit Chief as Constabulary Head Cause. Washington. May 19. Proposed ap pointment of Francisco Villa as chief of the Mexican constabulary might cause President Wilson to withhold recognition of the new government In definitely, It was learned today. Villa is held responsible for mur ders committed during the bandit raid on t'oiumous,. xv. m., in 1916. Villa's coming trip to Mexico City reported to the state department, was j here. Rebel agents believed Villa will nave important conferences with the officials of the provisional govern ment. These conferences. It was believed, may result in one of the following as signments for Villa: To take up the trail of Carranza and his forces and bring them back into Mexico. To take command of the Mexican constabulary along the international frontier. It was suggested that should the new Mexican government be recog nized the United States might demand of it the extradition of Villa for the Columbus raid United States Interests Protected. American interests in Mexico indi cate that Americans and American in dustries will be fully protected in Mexico under the new regime, a rep resentative of American oil interests in Mexico said today. We feel assured ' from ttm.nt of General Obregon and from reports of our agents in Mexico, that Ameri- can Interests will receive fair play from the .new authorities," it was stated. Obregon has Issued a statement In- tended to impress upon Americans in Mexico that they would receive mv - ernmental consideration in oil con- troversies. Want Villa to Retire. El Paso. Tex.. May 19. Gen. P. Elian Calles. rebel minister of war. to day was planning for a conference with Francisco Villa or one of the bandit's assistants to definitely decide Villa's status under the new go-em-ment. Calles expected to leave for Chihua hua City today, where he expects to meet Villa or a representative. The- only possible arrangement with Villa, Calles declared today, is for him to retire positively to private life. For the new government of Mexico to ac cept him as a factor or a member of its army is an utter impossibility. Reports were received here today that Villa had kidnaped he manager Parral. securing ISO, C00 ransom for his release later. Turk Naval Academy Closed. Constantinople, May 19. The Turk ish naval academy on the Island of Halkt has been closed as tbe treaty framed by the allies forbids a Turkish navy. The school has been converted into a commercial college. FORECAST FOR KANSAS. Unettled weather with local thunder hoft-cra tonight and oslblr east por tion Thursday, and west portion to night. UNSETTLED WITH SHOWERS. Weather Back to Accustomed Diet Highest Temperature Tuesday. TODAY'S TEMPERATURES: 7 o'clock 68ill o'clock. .... .66 8 o'clock 60:12 o'clock 68 9 o'clock 6 2 i 1 o'clock 69 10 o'clock 64 2 o'clock 71 Weather is to go back to the accus tomed diet. Unsettled, cloudy condi tions, with strong chances for rain to night and tomorrow are predicted by S. D. Flora, state meteorologist. Rain occurred in the last twenty four hours in south central and south east Kansas. Reports indicate show ers at the following points: Topeka, .01: Hutchinson, 1 inch; Wichita, 1.35: Sedan, .76; lola, .72. The rain belt extended from Kansas across the east ern half of the United States into Pennsylvania. When the temperature reached 86 degrees in Topeka Tuesday afternoon at 4 o'clock it reached the highest mark that has been recorded this sea son. Flora predicts a temperature of 50 tonight, rising to 70 degrees to morrow afternoon. No real eool weather has been recorded any place (Continued on Page Two.i A STATE MOTHER Mrs. Isabel Crawford, 72, Died Early This Morning. Widow of Former Governor Well Known Pioneer Woman. One of the best known of Kansas pioneer women. Mrs. Isabel Crawford, age 72, widow of former Governor Samuel J. Crawford, died this morn ing at 12:25 o'clock at the home of her daughter-in-law. Mrs. G. M. Craw ford, 1115 Tyler street, after suffering from paralysis since Thursday of last week. The funeral will be held at 2 o'clock Thursday from the residence, 1115 Tyler street. Buria- will be in Topeka cemetery. V - " ' , . - - -I ' - ' -4 ' 1 -' Mrs. Isabel Crawford. The life story of Mrs. Isabel Craw ford, daughter of Enoch Chase, who was one of the founders of Topeka, wife of the civil war governor of Kan sas and mother-in-law of Senator Ar thur Capper, Is one of the most Inter esting and romantic of the biographies of noted Kansans. Father Founder of Topeka. Mrs. Crawford, who was born In Boston in 1848. came to Kansas in 1865 from the family home In New buryport, Mass., with her mother to join her father, who had come to To - peka a year before. Enoch Chase was one oi ins nintonca.1 group oi nine men who settled on a part-of section 21 on which Topeka is now located, and laid out the beginning of the state's capital. The Chase family were owners of the first home in Shawnee county which had a wooden floor. Later Enoch Chase built a large frame house at Sixth and Kan sas avenue, which was used as a hotel, until he built the stone structure at Sixth avenue and Jackson street which was known as the Capitol House, and which stood until 1913. when it' was torn down to provide a site for a mod ern business building. All of the girlhood of Mrs. Craw ford, then Isabel Chase, was spent in Topeka. She was Just entering her I teens when the Civil war broke out. She remembered well when Samuel J. i Crawford, of Garnett. member of the first state legislature, resigned as a ' legislator to become a captain In the I Second Kansas volunteer Infantry in May. 1861. During the legislature, the i Chase home was the center of social ;"iJ - i"" crm any colleee. She had exceptional mu sical ability and was much in demand for musical entertainments. Married Governor. After Crawford returned from the war In 1S6S. he wa elected governor. He was then a bachelor, less than 30 years old. His frequent visits to the Chase home resulted In the marriage of Isabel Chase. 1 8, to the governor in November. 186. following his re election. They were married at Grace church, their marriage hetng a part of a double wedding, with Isaae H. Holman. prominent Topeka merchant. and Miss Helen Tuttle as the other bridegroom and bride. . Mrs. Crawford spent an Interesting itTontinned on Page Fonr.l SI.EEFTNG VICTIM AWAKENED. ! Nineteen Day of Slumber Did Not Harm Kansas Girl. Orc-noque. Kan. May 19. Miss Norma Bogart, 20 daughter of Rev. C O. Bogart, was wide awake and appar ently recovering today following nine teen days Of slumber. The "sleeping sickness" malady at tacked Miss Bogart on April 2a. PRIMARY CHOICE OVERTHROWN BY PARTY MACHINES Georgia Democrats in Conven tion Defeat Palmer. Pennsylvania Republicans De cide Agajnst Gen. Wood. MICHIGAN MAY DROP HOOVER Delegates Pledged by Prlmarj Unpledged by Convention. One Republican and Threa Democratic Conclaves Today. BY HAROLD D. JACOBS. New York. May 19. While Repub licans were still trying to determine just what happened in yesterday's Pennsylvania primary. Democrats were holding three important stats conventions today. The most interesting was in Michi- ' gan. Democrats of that state gava Herbert Hoover a plurality in a pref. erential primary early last month. Hoover has since repudiated the Democratic party, but the thirty dele gates have been credited to him nev ertheless, giving him second place among Democratic candidates on the basis of instructed delegates. Undo Work of Primary. Today's convention was expected to undo the work of the primary, so far as Hoover is concerned, William O. McAdoo was second In the preferen tial vote but the growing boom of Gov. ernor Cox of Ohio has its homo in . adjacent state and was believed to have n important bearing on the action of me convention. Politicians also, were watrhlnr ha. convention in Indiana, as thev fore saw launching there of riarimt. drive against the candidacy o Wil liam G. McAdoo. Virginia Strong for McAdoo. Virginia, believed to be a stronfr McAdoo state, was chooslns- iw.mu. four delegates at a convention todav. The sole Republican activity todav was a state convention in Ai.hu.. where fourteen delegate were to be seiectea. The situation In ' Pennsylvania, fol lowing yesterday's Republican pri mary,' was as obscure as anticipated. Lack of a real preferential vote made it appear certain the state's second choice candidate would not be known positively until the balloting started at Chicago. Governor Sproul is expected to be first choice of the 76 delegates. As a result of the Democratic prl marj', Pennsylvania's seventy-six dele gates are expected to support Attorney General Palmer, "favorite son." Pennsylvania Machine Wins. Philadelphia. May 19. Returns from yesterday's primary election for all parties in Pennsylvania were stilt Incomplete early today, but sufficient figures were received that tended to show all but one of (he twelve slated candidates of the regular Republics state organization for delegates at large leading. Those on the regular slate were United States Senators Penrose and Knox, Gov. W. C. Sproul. Mayor Bsb cock of Pittsburgh, and Mayor Moore of Philadelphia: State Attorney Gen--oral W. I. Schaffer, W. W. Atterbury, James Elverson. Jr.. Percy M. Chan dler, Andrew W. Mellon. Asher Miner and J. Leonard Replogle. The regular state organization claimed the election of nearly all lis sixty-four delegate. Presidential preferences did not fiKure directly In the voting for delegates at large, the contests being largely to settle fac tional differences and personnel of the delegation. While the election lews provided for a preferential primary, only one nemo, that of E. R. Wood, a retired Philadelphia business man. appeared on the Republican ballot sod 1 received a light vote. There we mi j scattering votes for other candidates written on the ballot. Palmer Ixnds Democrat. Attorney General A. Mitchell Pal mer was the only candidate for presi dent w-hose name .appeared on the Democratic preferential ballot. At the eleventh hour in the campaign the Bonnlwell faction urged its follower to write in the name of Wm. G. Mc Adoo on the ballot and considerable number of Democrats followed ths suggestion. On the returns so far received the Palmer leaders claimed that virtually all of their seventy-six national dele gates were successful and that their entire state ticket was nominated. They also claimed that the Democrat ic state committee would be controlled by Mr. Palmer and his friends. Vermont Goes to Wood. Montpeller. Vt.. May 19. Incom plete returns early today from Ver mont's presidential preference primary yesterday gave Maj. Gen. Leonard Wood approximately 70 per cent of the Republican vote, the totsl of which was about one-twentieth of normal. The Democratic vote was negligible. Senator Hiram AV. Johnson, Califor nia, and Herbert C. Homer were In a close race for second place on the Re publican ballot. Gov. Calvin Coolidgs of Massachusetts and William Grant Webster, an attorney of New York, were contesting the next position. General Wood ran better In the coun try towns than in the cities. His nam and Webster's were the only ones printed on the Republican ballot and there was none printed on the Demo- cratic ticket. The result of the ballot- ing is not binding on the delegates to the party national conventions. Indiana Democrats Meet. Indianapolis. May 19. Democrstle leaders unfurled their battle flag hers today preparatory to an advance on 'the ranks of the Republican party at tne tan elections. Party chiefs from all parts of the state assembled for the state conven tion which was to elect delegates to the national convention. Michigan Demos Stand Pat. Grand Rapids. Mich-. May 1. Ths dominant note in the Mlchigsn Dera ocrattc convention here todny to elect. (CoaUanea on Page TweJ