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The Topeka state journal. [volume] (Topeka, Kan.) 1892-1980, May 19, 1920, HOME EDITION, Image 1

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FATHER FORECAST for Kansas:
The Evening Newspaper
of Kansas
Unsettled weather with local thun
der showers tonight and possibly east
portion Thursday, and west portion to
night. HOME EDITION
TOPEKA, KANSAS, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MAY 19, 1920 TEN PAGES
FOUR CENTS
BANKS AND BUYERS
FORCE PRICE BREAK
General Cut in Cost of Living Must Come as Re
sult of Conditions Induced by High
Prices, Says Baruch.
RAILWAY TIEUP
IS CHIEF FACTOR
Oversupply in Some Districts,
Shortage in Others.
Housing Situation Is Slowly Ad
justing Itself.
MANUFACTURERS SEE BREAK
Difficulty in Obtaining Loans
Forces Dump on Market.
Garment Makers Declare Peak
of Trices Past.
Washington. May 19. Price cuts In
clothing and merchandise are the be
ginning of a horizontal reduction In
costs of all commodities. Including
food, in the opinion of Bernard M.
Baruch. noted financier, former chair
man of the war industries board.
"A nation-wide buyers' strike
against high prices has begun," said
Baruch today. "There is no doubt It
will extend itself to food prices inso
far as people are able to curtail their
consumption of necessities. If prices
generally go down too far. however,
there is danger of a rebound."
Banks Lighten on Loans.
Curtailment of long-term loans cov
ering non-essential operations and dis
couragement of unnecessary borrow
ings of all kinds will be the foundation
of the federal reserve system's new
policy designed to deflate the national
finances. American bankers have
.nlfictod thenwr'Cs.tftJitveper-ote with t
the reserve board In the effort to carry
out the plan
The public Is
on strike against
high prices nd
inite downward
there is a def
trend in com
the country, ac
modules thruout
cording to advices hare today. The
people are acting together, government
economic experts believe. People have
delayed purchasing their summer out
fits ami in consequence merchants
have been left with large stocks on
hand.
With price reductions being re
ported from all over the country. Sena
tor Kenyon said today:
"It is an indication that some of the
people have at last decided to stop
paying exorbitant prices. The more
widespread that decision, the quicker
prices will fall."
"There are signs of a general price
rr;. notion," said Dr. Royal Meeker,
government economic expert.
I think it is safe to predict that
this is shown by the way the public
has stopped buying in the mercantile
line. At least there has come an end
of the upw. rd movement swing when
everybody tried to outdo his neighbor
in extravagance.
"The action of the federal reserve
board in raising discount prices has
had an effect. There is also some in
dication that speculation is being dis
couraged. This should leave more
cash and credit for the man engaged
in legitimate enterprise."
Going Back To Normal.
The nation-wide railroad congestion
Is the most important factor in the
price situation, in the opinion of many
government officials. It is causing a
shortage of commodities in some dis
tricts and an over-supply in others.
There are indications that the hous
ing situation is returning to a sound
basis, according to reports here.
Important developments in connec
tion with the price situation were ex
pected to come today from the meet
ing here of grain dealers for a con
ference with Julius H. Barnes, head
of the United States Grain corpora
tion. They were to discuss extension of
the government wheat price guarantee
beyond June 1. when it expires, and
the present law.
Gotham Prices on Tolxgjtan.
New York. May 19. Prices are on
the toboggan, it is believed by leading
merchants and business men here.
Cutting of prices of from 15 to SO
per cent on ali lines of general mer
chandise by many stores is the "indi
cator of the break, they agreed.
New York newspapers today car
ried stories announcing drastic cuts in
prices.
The drop was due to the gradual
slackening of public buying and tight
money conditions, in the opinion of
financial leaders. They pointed to the
huge sale of liberty bonds on the New
York exchange yesterday as an indi
cation of the money market condition.
The total shales of all classes of lib
erty bonds were $27. 958. 500. Because
of difficulty in obtaining loans from
banks, war bonds were being sold to
provide money for conducting busi
ness. Members of the National Associa
tion of Manufacturers, here for their
annual convention, expressed the be
lief that the peak of high prices was
reached.
Pull Buying Causes Prop.
The drop in prices was attributed
to "dull buying" by Joseph Appel of
Wanamnker's the first store here to
announce a drastic price cut.
"When buying is dull there Is cer
tain to be a surplus of materials and
a surplus of materials is certain to
make for a reduction In prices," he
said.
Garment manufacturers agreed with
this statement, saying that a survey of
Price Cutting Is General
(By tbe United Press.)
General reductions of prices on mer
chandise, especially clothing, was re
ported today thruout the country.
Merchants in many large cities have
cut prices from 20 to 60 per cent.
Newspapers in New York were filled
with advertisements of the "sales."
Reasons given for the reduction
were:
A "slow" spring season with, the
public doing little purchasing and
leaving merchants with stocked up
shelves.
The "tight" condition of the money
market.
Banks were reported calling in
loans, forcing merchants who had bor
rowed money to purchase goods to
unload In order to meet their notes.
Congestion of freight shipments due
to the lack of cars, the "rump" rail
road strike and preventing proper
distribution of merchandise.
The food market, according to to
day's reports, had not been generally
influenced by the downward move
ment. However, grocers in some sec
tions predicted a slight decline might
be expected soon, due to the general
economic conditions. The congested
freight situation was given as the rea
son for food prices remaining up.
The price cutting movement has hit
the middle west, all large cities except
Detroit and Cleveland reporting slash
ing of prices.
the garment market would only show
on minimum purchases. The ' cloth
market in New York reported trading
exceptionally quiet.
The slump has not hit the food mar
ket yet, according to statement of gro
cers today, but they indicated that
they expected a slight decline.
. Bt Louis Follows lead. ,
St. Louis..May 19. Price reductions
ranging from lo to 60 per cent were
made by many of the large stores here
today following the lead of store in
other cities.
The reductions are on men's, wo
men's and children's clothing, and, ac
cording to the manager of one large
store, are in the nature of the usual
spring sales.
People 'Will Not Bny.
Springfield. 111., May 19. Refusal
of the people to buy anything except
what they absolutely must have event
ually will force down prices, in the
opinion of local merchants today.
The failure to buy at existing prices
has forced some big local dealers to
cut the estimates of their department
heads 50 per cent. Such reductions,
it is believed, are being felt by the
manufacturers who find themselves
faced with the alternative of accept
ing a big loss or cutting prices to a
figure the buying public will meet.
Merchants Face losses.
Oklahoma City, Okla., May 19.
Price reductions of from 20 to 40 per
cent cannot be made by clothing mer
chants without losing more money
than the average merchant can afford,
according to Charles Knight, owner of
a large clothing store here.
"Clothes legitimately marked cannot
be sold at such a discount. If there
is a cut in clothing prices, it will be
made by merchants who have marked
up prices excessively and can still
make long profits by discounting 30
and 40 per cent. There are plenty of
medium priced suits."
Merchants here do not expect a gen
eral reduction. They say there are
selling on the closest margin in the
history of their business.
Detroit Standing Pat.
Detroit. Mich., May 19. Detroit
merchants stood pat today in the face
of reported price reductions in other
sections.
The manager of one large depart
ment store here said the eastern stores
were cutting prices because they were
overstocked.
Milwaukee Bakers to Cut.
Milwaukee. May 19. Milwaukee has
started war on the high cost of living.
One of the city's largest department
stores has cut prices 25 per cent. Now
local bakers have banded together to
devise ways of cutting prices.
Dallas Stores Untouched.
Dallas. Tex., May 19. Dallas mer
chants were today apparently "stand
ing pat" on high prices which have
prevailed since shortly after the war
began. Price reductions, altho ex
pected, were not forthcoming.
Ohio Prices Downward.
Cleveland, O.. May 19. Clothing,
shoe and general stores in four Ohio
cities have joined the price cutting
procession.
Three stores in Akron, two In Day
ton, two in Canton and one large and
seven small stores In Warren an
nounced a reduction of 20 per cent in
prices.
So far Cleveland and other of the
larger cities are holding aloof.
Auto Dealers Make Cot.
Omaha, May 19. Dealers in auto
mobiles and dentists today announced
material reductions in their prices,
while among the larger department
stores all but one had placed on sale
their entire or greater portion of their
stocks at discounts ranging from 29 to
50 per cent. Several shoe dealers also
announced discounts of one-fifth of
the selling price.
One exclusive ready to wear estab
lishment which is selling its stock at
figures from 30 to 60 per cent below
the market price in an advertisement
advises its customers to buy at "the
absurd discounts being offered in
Omaha and nowhere else on earth."
Food Staffs Are Reduced.
Chicago. May 19. High prices have
(Continued on Page Four)
NO DROP IN TOPEKA
Local Merchants Discount Pre
dicted Market Slump.
Prices Tot Likely to Drop for
Some Time, They Say.
BUT PEAK HAS BEEN REACHED
All Dealers Blame GoYernment
Taxes for H. C. L.
Labor and Lack of Production
Big Factors.
Despite reports of reductions in. the
east, prices in Topeka have not come
dow.n, nor are they likely to do so for
some . time, according to local mer
chants. Topeka business men do not
appear to be overly optimistic in re
gard to the predicted slump in the
markets.
Dealers in clothing, dry goods,
shoes, furnishings, groceries, furniture
and hardware pointed to various rea
sons why they do not expect a notice
able decline. They agreed almost
unanimously, however, that the peak
of the high prices has been reached,
and that a gradual decline extending
over a long period may begin.
Blame Federal Taxes.
Taxes levied by the government are
blamed by all merchants as one reason
for high prices. It is pointed out that
every producer, broker, Jobber, -wholesaler
and retailer thru whose hands
the goods pass must pay an excise tax.
He adds it to the price of his goods
and in the end the consumer pays it
all and a luxury tax besides.
"People do not give this tax propo
sition enough thought," said L. C.
Rahn, of the Capital Shirt factory. It
amounts to an amazing figure when it
is totaled up."
Rahn said there had been a slight
break in the silk market but that wool
and cotton goods will remain high,
except for possible slight reduction
in cashmeres and soft goods-
"Even tho wool should go down,"
he said, "it would not make a big dif
ference in clothing prices, for labor is
the one great factor to be considered
now."
"People Have Spoken.".
Fred Voiland. clothier. Dointed to
the government as setting the example
in the orgy of extravaeance which
followed the armistice and which still
continues. He declared that sugar
sold in Europe for one-third the price
it was bringing in the United States
The A. E. F. equipment, he declared,
was unloaded for from five to ten cents
on the dollar.
"But the people have spoken." said
Voiland. "They are raising hob wirtt
the dealers and the dealers are report
ing it to the manufacturers. The man
ufacturers are awakening to the fact
that the people will not buy goods at
such high prices. Furthermore, deal
ers are taking a stand In the matter
and eventually it must bring results.
In my opinion, the peak of the high
prices has been reached, but it is Im
possible for any one to say at what
level prices will settle. The decline
will probably be very gradual and ex
tend over a period of . two years or
more."
Production Drop Factor.
Roy Thompson, president of the
Thompson Hardware company, said it
was impossible to predict what the
future may bring, at least in hardware
lines. Lack of production, he said, is
an important factor In the markets
Just now. He held out little hope of
hardware prices breaking in the near
future, and pointed to the recent great
steel strike as one cause of the pres
ent high price of steel.
O. B. Gufler, of the Poehler Mer
cantile company, said there was no
prospect of a break in the food, mar
ket in the near future.
"This is an agricultural section," he
said, "and more stabilized than the
east. There ' is no indication that
prices in foodstuffs will be lowered
here."
David Friedman, of the Famous
Clothing company, declared. "Prices
are not going down. At least not until
labor costs are lowered."
WILrVETHONOS
Secretary Houston Says Treas
ury Cannot Stand Drain.
Intimates President Wilson Is
Against the Plan.
Washington, May 19. Secretary
Houston of the treasury In a letter
today to Chairman Fordney of the
j house ways and means committee de
clared nis opposition to any soiaier
bonus legislation, "however financed."
The secretary said it would be
"highly unfortunate" to place any new
financial obligations on the treasury
and suggested that it would be wise
for congress to seek out additional
sources of revenue to meet current
government expenses.
The letter indicates. Democrats on
the committee believe, that President
Wilson, because of the treasury condi
tion, will veto any soldier bonus bill.
"I think it would be highly unfor
tunate for any new obligations to be
placed upon the treasury thru the en
actment of the bonus proposal in any
form, however financed," Houston
wrote.
The letter was in reply to a com
munication of Representative Ford
ney, asking for the treasury -opinion on
the proposal of Representative Rainey,
Illinois, and Representative Johnson,
South Dakota, for an eighty per cent
retroactive levy on war profits.
Warning of the condition of the
treasury. Houston said that within
three years government obligations
represented by victory notes, treasury
certificates and war savings stamps
to the extent of eight billion dollars
will fall due.
WANT WAR SUGAR. RELEASED.
National Grocers' Association Make
Pies, to Attorney General.
Atlanta, Ga., May 19. Grocers of
the nation, thru their convention here
today, laid their plea before Attorney
General Palmer that "the department
of justice should release all control of
sugar and other food products af
fected by wartime regulations. .
Charge 'Birth of Race'
Manager Didn't Clothe
Eves Warmly Enough
, .. . - i
Warrant Sworn Out by County Attorney Allege Picture
at Isis Advertised With "Fig Leaves"
Noticeably Lacking.
Advertising motion picture posters
of Eve without "fig leaves" are taboo
in Kansas and the person responsible
for the distribution of such posters is
subject to prosecution by the state.
The first move on the part of the
state of Kansas to insure fig leaves on
actresses imitating Eve in the future
came today when Hugh Fisher, county
attorney. Issued a warrant against A.
P. Gallous. manager of the "Eve-Birth
of A Race" motion- picture being
shown at the Isis theater. Seventh and
Quincy streets, this week- The war
rant charges that Galiuus exhibited
certain posters and advertising matter
"showing naked and partly clad pic
BANKER MISSING
Jaedicke "ot Heard From Since
Learlng Hanover.
o Irregularity in His Institu
tion Found Yet.
August Jaedicke, president and prin
cipal stockholder of the Hanover State
bank, has not returned to his home
since he left Hanover Monday morn
ing. State bank examiners today are
working on the books of the bank
which is believed by prominent bank
ers to be in excellent condition.
Neither Mrs. Jaedicke nor state bank
officials have heard from the Hanover
man since he left home
Examiners at the Hanover bank had
not reported to Commissioner Wilson
this afternoon. So far as known there
is no shortage or regularity con- :
nected with the institution. It is the i permit renewal of the search of "Sam
belief of bankers that Jaedicke became Riggs of Texas" was held as insuffi
alarmed at the bulk of rediscounts : cient for continuance, and then the
contained in his recent report to the
state department and Is seeking to
reduce this paper. He is rated as one
of the most successful small town
bankers in the state and is expected
to return to his home in a few.days.
V. O. Johnson.
Commissioner Wilson will go to
Hanover tonight to assist in checking
up the bank's accounts. In the mean
time state officials, as well as rela
tives and friends of Jaedicke are try
ing to locate the missing banker. His
bank carried deposits of $600,090. It
did not operate under the bank guar
anty act. .
To Waive Preliminary.
Cashier V. O. Johnson of the Aulne j
State bank Is expected to waive pre
liminary hearing in Marlon late this
afternoon. Johnson was arrested as
he boarded a Rock Island train in
Topeka Tuesday night after coming
here to make a confession. Arrest of
the Aulne banker was delayed, state
officials asserted, in an effort to pro
vide funds with which to meet bank
shortages.
A Kansas City paper told of criti
cism of the state banking department
by Richard J. Hopkins, attorney gen
eral. Hopkins was reported to have
criticised Commissioner Wilson for de
lays in making the Johnson arrest.
This morning The State Journal asked
Hopkins for a confirmation of the
Kansas City report.
"I'm leaving town In just a few
minutes and haven't time to talk,"
was the quite evasive reply to a re
quest for a statement.
"Then will you authorize republica
tion of your position as defined by the
Kansas City paper?" he was asked.
"Goodbye." said Hopkins in dis-
(Confirmed on Pose For.r.)
ALL LINES ARE "BUSY"
Full Day Confronts Telephone Men
Here Governor Sneaks Tonight.
Today is the "busy day" of the
three-day annual convention of the
Kansas independent Telephone asso
ciation, which began in Topeka Tues
day morning. Full morning and aft
ernoon programs, with a luncheon for
telephone men at noon, and a banquet
and theater party tonight fill the day
for the visitors.
Addresses by Governor Allen and
Judge George Wark of the court of in
dustrial relations are headline on
today's program. Governor Allen will
talk at the banquet tonight at the
Chamber of Commerce. Judge Wark's
address was to be given at the audi
torium this afternoon at 2:30 o'clock.
F. B. MacKinnon. .Washington, D C
president of the United States Inde
pendent Telephone association, will
address the afternoon meeting. Of
much Interest will be the illustrated
lecture by Capt. W. S. Vivian, of Chi
cago, secretary-treasurer of the United
States Independent Telephone associa
tion, at the afternoon meeting. Other
important talks of the day will bt
made by Hank McHenry. of Jefferson
City. Mo., president of the Missouri In
dependent Telephone association;
tures." It was sworn to by L. G.
Vaughan, Inspector for the Kansas
board of review.
These posters were not approved by
the' board of review, it is charged.
Fisher stated that motion picture op
erators are not permitted to show
posters on the streets of pictures which
the board of review delete from the
screens.
"It is clearly against the law," said
Fisher. -'"The screen pictures show
Eve with her back turned and long
strands of beautiful hair give a good
covering- while the posters present
other views and the fig leaves are
lacking."
TRY KING IN JUNE
Trial f Alleged Triple Murd-
erer Again Continued.
r . -p. . , ,
Court . Decides Asylum Patient
. " Should Be Witness.
' Lyndon, May 19. The trial of Rufe
King., of Maple Hill. Kan., alleged
triple murderer, was continued in the
district court here today by Judge R.
C Heizer until the June term, on
strength of representation made by
the defense that Mrs. Loretta Fowler
of Topeka, now an inmate of the state
hospital for the insane at Topeka,
should be
material witness in the
case. Mrs. Fowler cannot become a
witness until she is pronounced as
cured at the state hospital.
The original motion of the defense
based on Its request for continuance to
defense presented the Mrs. Fowler af
fidavit in which the woman claims she
kept company with' John Woody in
Los Angeles, CaMf.
The charge against King followed
the exhuming of a skeleton believed to
have been that of Woody, oh property
formerly occupied by King at Maple
Hill, Kan. ; -.v.-. .
"The FoMler afHdsivit i stated that
Mrs. Fowler knew John Woody-nd
kept company with him m Los Angeles
in 1911 after Woody disappeared from
ytasle HilU
Attorneys for the state "instantly dis
patched Maurice McNeill, assistant at
torney general, to Topeka in an auto
mobile, where McNeill, got - Sheriff
Hugh Larimer, Dr. M. L. Perry of the
state hospital. Judge Ralph H. Gaw
of the probate court, and Dr. Karl A.
Menninger, nerve specialist In mental
diseases, who examined Mrs. Fowler
and returned to Lyndon.
Doctor Perry' testified that Jt was
uncertain when Mrs. Fowler would
be cured. Larimer and other wit
nesses testified to Mrs. Fowler's pe
culiar actions for weeks prior to the
signing of the affidavit on which the
defense demanded a continuance.
The prosecution claimed that Mrs;
Fowler's affidavit- was that of a per
son mentally unbalanced at the time
it was made, altho it was admitted
that no insanity complaint was filed
against her at the time.
Testimony revealed that Mrs.
Fowler went to Lyndon the day that
the trial was first continued in a faxi
cab at her own expense and, when
denied an audience with King's attor
neys who were busy in court, as well
as with King, she went to Mrs. King
and told of knowing Woody in Los
Angeles.
EX-CHIEF IS FREED
Captured and Shown Door Out
by Obregon.
Deposed President 5ow on Way
to Exile.
Houston. Tex.. ' May 19. Deposed
President Carranza was captured this
morning, given passports by General
Obregon and ordered to leave the
country, according to a radio message
received by the Oil Weekly from Tam
plco. the publication announced.
The radio was declared to have
come from "a usually reliable
source." It did not state, however,
to what port the deposed president
was supposed to be headed.
The telegram read: "Carranza cap
tured this morning. Given passports
by Obregon and ordered to leave the
country- Now on the way out."
BLUE AND BAKER CLASHING.
Joerg Starts Game With 25 Consecu
tive Scoreless Innings to Credit.
Washburn and Baker were clashing
at Western League park this after
noon in a return game. The Ichabods
defeated the Methodists at Baldwin
two weeks ago by a score of 18 to 7.
Capt. "Bill" Joerg started the game
in the pitcher's box for the Ichabods.
When Joerg took his place on the
mound today, it was with the record
of having pitched twenty-five conse
cutive innings without a score having
been made against him. Wyman was
working behind the bat. Johnson and
Taylor were the batteries for Baker.
Indications were that the Blue would
win an easy victory in the battle to
day. The line-up:
Wasbbnrn Position Baker
Joerg p. .....JohosoD
Wyman ...
,.....c Taylor
.....lb... ....Thompson
2b Scboeofelut
."b. M. Morgan
i ss.. ........ ..K. Morgan
If... Smith
cf Shirk
......rf..,. Robertson
.Nsb
Boles
Jemison ...
Keiswetter
Young: ....
Kennedy ..
Hunter ....
Finns Want Peace 'With Red&
Copenhagen. May 19. Finland soon
will send a peace delegation to this
city to meet representatives of the
Russian soviet government, 'according
to the Berlingske Tidende.
WORK. AND WAIT !
Rail Board Flatly Refuses
Rump Unions Hearings.
Must Step Aside for Recognized
Brotherhoods.
GRUNAU IS THREATENING
Demands "Outlaws'" Case Be
Settled First.
Chicago Police Fearing Out
breaks, Prepare for Trouble.
Chicago, May 19. The United
States railway labor board today flat
ly refused to hear petitions for in
creased wages presented by John
Grunau, president of the Chicago
Yardmen's association, and officers of
other organizations which went on
strike recently in defiance of orders
from national railroad brotherhoods.
The board's ruling means that the
strikers' only recourse is to return to
work and await a decision on the de
mands of more than 2,000,000 railroad
employes for an annual increase of
one billion dollars.
Strikers' demands are included In
j the demands presented by the Switch-
!mcn s Union of North America which
the board has under consideration.
"It must be thoroly understood that
the board cannot and will not under
take to hear any disputes or contro
versies except those which it is au
thorized by law to hear and cannot
and will not hear applications of
parties who are acting in disregard of
the law and who are not complying
with the law and the rules of the
board." Chairman Barton said.
"Outlaw" leaders were very bitter
over the ruling. .
Grunau Makes Threat.
Chicago. May 19. Striking "out
law" railroad switchmen today served
notice on the United States railroad
labor board here that their demands
for recognition and higher wages must
be heard before it passes on demands
of 2,000,000 railroad employes for an
annual wage increase of a billion dol
lars. .
Declaring their number is a force
to be reckoned with, the strikers, thru
John Grunau. president of the Chi
cago Yardmen's association, the orig
inal "outlaw" union, filed petitions
asking they be given a hearing. They
claim to represent 200.000 railroad
employes who have tired of waiting
for action on increase.
In anticipation of picketing or
demonstrations, police have been sta
tioned nearby ready to be of assis
tance in case of emergency.
That- demands of railroad employes.
If granted, will mean a 60 per cent or
higher increase in freight and pas
senger rates, wa-s the belief of rail
road men here today. They point to
the fact that demands of trainmen in
addition to those granted since 1913.
amount to Increases ranging from 7 2
per cent to 124 per cent.
OBJECT TO VILLA
Wilson May Withhold Recog
nition of 'ew Mex. Regime.
Appointment of Bandit Chief as
Constabulary Head Cause.
Washington. May 19. Proposed ap
pointment of Francisco Villa as chief
of the Mexican constabulary might
cause President Wilson to withhold
recognition of the new government In
definitely, It was learned today.
Villa is held responsible for mur
ders committed during the bandit raid
on t'oiumous,. xv. m., in 1916.
Villa's coming trip to Mexico City
reported to the state department, was
j here. Rebel agents believed Villa will
nave important conferences with the
officials of the provisional govern
ment. These conferences. It was believed,
may result in one of the following as
signments for Villa:
To take up the trail of Carranza
and his forces and bring them back
into Mexico.
To take command of the Mexican
constabulary along the international
frontier.
It was suggested that should the
new Mexican government be recog
nized the United States might demand
of it the extradition of Villa for the
Columbus raid
United States Interests Protected.
American interests in Mexico indi
cate that Americans and American in
dustries will be fully protected in
Mexico under the new regime, a rep
resentative of American oil interests
in Mexico said today.
We feel assured ' from ttm.nt
of General Obregon and from reports
of our agents in Mexico, that Ameri-
can Interests will receive fair play
from the .new authorities," it was
stated.
Obregon has Issued a statement In-
tended to impress upon Americans in
Mexico that they would receive mv -
ernmental
consideration in oil con-
troversies.
Want Villa to Retire.
El Paso. Tex.. May 19. Gen. P.
Elian Calles. rebel minister of war. to
day was planning for a conference
with Francisco Villa or one of the
bandit's assistants to definitely decide
Villa's status under the new go-em-ment.
Calles expected to leave for Chihua
hua City today, where he expects to
meet Villa or a representative.
The- only possible arrangement with
Villa, Calles declared today, is for him
to retire positively to private life. For
the new government of Mexico to ac
cept him as a factor or a member of
its army is an utter impossibility.
Reports were received here today
that Villa had kidnaped he manager
Parral. securing ISO, C00 ransom for
his release later.
Turk Naval Academy Closed.
Constantinople, May 19. The Turk
ish naval academy on the Island of
Halkt has been closed as tbe treaty
framed by the allies forbids a Turkish
navy. The school has been converted
into a commercial college.
FORECAST FOR KANSAS.
Unettled weather with local thunder
hoft-cra tonight and oslblr east por
tion Thursday, and west portion to
night. UNSETTLED WITH SHOWERS.
Weather Back to Accustomed Diet
Highest Temperature Tuesday.
TODAY'S TEMPERATURES:
7 o'clock 68ill o'clock. .... .66
8 o'clock 60:12 o'clock 68
9 o'clock 6 2 i 1 o'clock 69
10 o'clock 64 2 o'clock 71
Weather is to go back to the accus
tomed diet. Unsettled, cloudy condi
tions, with strong chances for rain to
night and tomorrow are predicted by
S. D. Flora, state meteorologist.
Rain occurred in the last twenty
four hours in south central and south
east Kansas. Reports indicate show
ers at the following points: Topeka,
.01: Hutchinson, 1 inch; Wichita, 1.35:
Sedan, .76; lola, .72. The rain belt
extended from Kansas across the east
ern half of the United States into
Pennsylvania.
When the temperature reached 86
degrees in Topeka Tuesday afternoon
at 4 o'clock it reached the highest
mark that has been recorded this sea
son. Flora predicts a temperature of
50 tonight, rising to 70 degrees to
morrow afternoon. No real eool
weather has been recorded any place
(Continued on Page Two.i
A STATE MOTHER
Mrs. Isabel Crawford, 72, Died
Early This Morning.
Widow of Former Governor
Well Known Pioneer Woman.
One of the best known of Kansas
pioneer women. Mrs. Isabel Crawford,
age 72, widow of former Governor
Samuel J. Crawford, died this morn
ing at 12:25 o'clock at the home of
her daughter-in-law. Mrs. G. M. Craw
ford, 1115 Tyler street, after suffering
from paralysis since Thursday of last
week. The funeral will be held at 2
o'clock Thursday from the residence,
1115 Tyler street. Buria- will be in
Topeka cemetery.
V - "
' , . - - -I
' - ' -4 ' 1 -'
Mrs. Isabel Crawford.
The life story of Mrs. Isabel Craw
ford, daughter of Enoch Chase, who
was one of the founders of Topeka,
wife of the civil war governor of Kan
sas and mother-in-law of Senator Ar
thur Capper, Is one of the most Inter
esting and romantic of the biographies
of noted Kansans.
Father Founder of Topeka.
Mrs. Crawford, who was born In
Boston in 1848. came to Kansas in
1865 from the family home In New
buryport, Mass., with her mother to
join her father, who had come to To -
peka a year before. Enoch Chase was
one oi ins nintonca.1 group oi nine
men who settled on a part-of section
21 on which Topeka is now located,
and laid out the beginning of the
state's capital. The Chase family
were owners of the first home in
Shawnee county which had a wooden
floor. Later Enoch Chase built a
large frame house at Sixth and Kan
sas avenue, which was used as a hotel,
until he built the stone structure at
Sixth avenue and Jackson street which
was known as the Capitol House, and
which stood until 1913. when it' was
torn down to provide a site for a mod
ern business building.
All of the girlhood of Mrs. Craw
ford, then Isabel Chase, was spent in
Topeka. She was Just entering her
I teens when the Civil war broke out.
She remembered well when Samuel J.
i Crawford, of Garnett. member of the
first state legislature, resigned as a
' legislator to become a captain In the
I Second Kansas volunteer Infantry in
May. 1861. During the legislature, the
i Chase home was the center of social
;"iJ - i"" crm
any colleee. She had exceptional mu
sical ability and was much in demand
for musical entertainments.
Married Governor.
After Crawford returned from the
war In 1S6S. he wa elected governor.
He was then a bachelor, less than 30
years old. His frequent visits to the
Chase home resulted In the marriage
of Isabel Chase. 1 8, to the governor
in November. 186. following his re
election. They were married at Grace
church, their marriage hetng a part
of a double wedding, with Isaae H.
Holman. prominent Topeka merchant.
and Miss Helen Tuttle as the other
bridegroom and bride. .
Mrs. Crawford spent an Interesting
itTontinned on Page Fonr.l
SI.EEFTNG VICTIM AWAKENED.
! Nineteen Day of
Slumber Did
Not
Harm Kansas Girl.
Orc-noque. Kan. May 19. Miss
Norma Bogart, 20 daughter of Rev. C
O. Bogart, was wide awake and appar
ently recovering today following nine
teen days Of slumber.
The "sleeping sickness" malady at
tacked Miss Bogart on April 2a.
PRIMARY CHOICE
OVERTHROWN BY
PARTY MACHINES
Georgia Democrats in Conven
tion Defeat Palmer.
Pennsylvania Republicans De
cide Agajnst Gen. Wood.
MICHIGAN MAY DROP HOOVER
Delegates Pledged by Prlmarj
Unpledged by Convention.
One Republican and Threa
Democratic Conclaves Today.
BY HAROLD D. JACOBS.
New York. May 19. While Repub
licans were still trying to determine
just what happened in yesterday's
Pennsylvania primary. Democrats
were holding three important stats
conventions today.
The most interesting was in Michi- '
gan. Democrats of that state gava
Herbert Hoover a plurality in a pref.
erential primary early last month.
Hoover has since repudiated the
Democratic party, but the thirty dele
gates have been credited to him nev
ertheless, giving him second place
among Democratic candidates on the
basis of instructed delegates.
Undo Work of Primary.
Today's convention was expected to
undo the work of the primary, so far
as Hoover is concerned, William O.
McAdoo was second In the preferen
tial vote but the growing boom of Gov.
ernor Cox of Ohio has its homo in .
adjacent state and was believed to have
n important bearing on the action of
me convention.
Politicians also, were watrhlnr ha.
convention in Indiana, as thev fore
saw launching there of riarimt.
drive against the candidacy o Wil
liam G. McAdoo.
Virginia Strong for McAdoo.
Virginia, believed to be a stronfr
McAdoo state, was chooslns- iw.mu.
four delegates at a convention todav.
The sole Republican activity todav
was a state convention in Ai.hu..
where fourteen delegate were to be
seiectea.
The situation In ' Pennsylvania, fol
lowing yesterday's Republican pri
mary,' was as obscure as anticipated.
Lack of a real preferential vote made
it appear certain the state's second
choice candidate would not be known
positively until the balloting started at
Chicago. Governor Sproul is expected
to be first choice of the 76 delegates.
As a result of the Democratic prl
marj', Pennsylvania's seventy-six dele
gates are expected to support Attorney
General Palmer, "favorite son."
Pennsylvania Machine Wins.
Philadelphia. May 19. Returns
from yesterday's primary election for
all parties in Pennsylvania were stilt
Incomplete early today, but sufficient
figures were received that tended to
show all but one of (he twelve slated
candidates of the regular Republics
state organization for delegates at
large leading.
Those on the regular slate were
United States Senators Penrose and
Knox, Gov. W. C. Sproul. Mayor Bsb
cock of Pittsburgh, and Mayor Moore
of Philadelphia: State Attorney Gen--oral
W. I. Schaffer, W. W. Atterbury,
James Elverson. Jr.. Percy M. Chan
dler, Andrew W. Mellon. Asher Miner
and J. Leonard Replogle.
The regular state organization
claimed the election of nearly all lis
sixty-four delegate. Presidential
preferences did not fiKure directly In
the voting for delegates at large, the
contests being largely to settle fac
tional differences and personnel of the
delegation. While the election lews
provided for a preferential primary,
only one nemo, that of E. R. Wood,
a retired Philadelphia business man.
appeared on the Republican ballot sod
1 received a light vote. There we mi
j scattering votes for other candidates
written on the ballot.
Palmer Ixnds Democrat.
Attorney General A. Mitchell Pal
mer was the only candidate for presi
dent w-hose name .appeared on the
Democratic preferential ballot. At the
eleventh hour in the campaign the
Bonnlwell faction urged its follower
to write in the name of Wm. G. Mc
Adoo on the ballot and considerable
number of Democrats followed ths
suggestion.
On the returns so far received the
Palmer leaders claimed that virtually
all of their seventy-six national dele
gates were successful and that their
entire state ticket was nominated.
They also claimed that the Democrat
ic state committee would be controlled
by Mr. Palmer and his friends.
Vermont Goes to Wood.
Montpeller. Vt.. May 19. Incom
plete returns early today from Ver
mont's presidential preference primary
yesterday gave Maj. Gen. Leonard
Wood approximately 70 per cent of
the Republican vote, the totsl of
which was about one-twentieth of
normal. The Democratic vote was
negligible.
Senator Hiram AV. Johnson, Califor
nia, and Herbert C. Homer were In a
close race for second place on the Re
publican ballot. Gov. Calvin Coolidgs
of Massachusetts and William Grant
Webster, an attorney of New York,
were contesting the next position.
General Wood ran better In the coun
try towns than in the cities. His nam
and Webster's were the only ones
printed on the Republican ballot and
there was none printed on the Demo-
cratic ticket. The result of the ballot-
ing is not binding on the delegates to
the party national conventions.
Indiana Democrats Meet.
Indianapolis. May 19. Democrstle
leaders unfurled their battle flag hers
today preparatory to an advance on
'the ranks of the Republican party at
tne tan elections.
Party chiefs from all parts of the
state assembled for the state conven
tion which was to elect delegates to
the national convention.
Michigan Demos Stand Pat.
Grand Rapids. Mich-. May 1. Ths
dominant note in the Mlchigsn Dera
ocrattc convention here todny to elect.
(CoaUanea on Page TweJ

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