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THE NA'TlO-teL TR'lBU'NrE.
jlS'" T ' art f .. m mi If it -1 u I w W fe " R i I Logan was a bettor bo of more service to the country. man than most of hisif r'lohds know i a betler man than those who tion't know him will believe. But ho was a chronic growler, unless ho was iu a fight, and then his Irish pulso boat contentedly. Logan never did less than ho promised. IIo would always do more. During the tiresome Senatorial contest in Illinois last winter General Grant said : 41 1 hope Logan will bo elected. IIo has an ugly temper, but you always know where to find him. Ho is tho surest man to his friends, I know." But, as I .said, Judge Davis will be of more service to tho gantry;. ' Ilo'is' able, jifdibial, and probably knows, more law tlfah any man in the Senate, except Edmunds, ! perhaps. Ills political position is in no doubt; ho defined it clcai;ly before he left "Washington last session. He will support the President. Booth, of California, is a man that will come out promi nently some day. IIo is cool, calm, and contemplative IIo is too indifferent to be warmly prejudiced for or against anything, and Is accustomed to look out of Im partial oyse. There is a great deal of latent ability in him, also, and when ho exhibits it, ho will astonish people. Booth is dilettante. He lias handsome hands, and wears them gloved. His clothes fifc him too neatly to allow him to do any heavy lifting, but lie is of that material that he will take off his coat when he gets interested. Booth and Oglesby have formed a remarkable intimacy. Remarkable, because it would seem to a third party that they should repel each other, not attract. Oglesby is crude and boorish; ho takes a pride in it. He says Freliughuysen and IVilliam A. Wheeler. Booth thinks profanity vulgar, and has as dellcato a sense of propriety as an old maid boarding-school teacher; But tho two men are Inseparable. They walk to the Capitol arm in arm every morning, and ride homo together at night in the samd carriage. One will wait an hour for breakfast if the other is late, and that is a test a matrimonial attach" ment won't stand. From the new men that tho South has sent to the Senate much Is expected. They are a better class than have come from there since secession, and nearly all of them have been chastened by fire. Lamar, Hill, Morgan, Garland, Harris are all triumphs of the lost cause. Each one is the best of the native class in his State, and each believes in th divine l'ight of tiie States. Lamar and Hill are the ablest and best known. The former from his long prominence in the House of Representatives, the latter . from his debate with Blaine ovec.the bleached bones of Andersonvillc. Hill is an uneasy spirit, seldom sits in his own seat, and is given to pacing the floor like a man with a burden on his mind. This is also a characteristic of Christiancy. Hill and Christiancy resemble eacli other, except that the former has tlirco or four more inches in length of spine. Both have round shoulders and faded gray eyes. They trim their whiskers alike, and are given to clasping their hands behind them. Hill is pathetic ; Christiancy is judi cial. Hill i3 a dreamer; Christiancy a student. Hill is brilliant in debate; Christiancy writes everything he speaks, and reads a five-minute argument from manu script. Washington Correspondence of the Daily Graphic. this is especially true in all the great wars wo have had in which volunteers were called for in addition to tho Regular Army, from tho revolu tionary war down to tho war of 1861. Acting under this policy, unlike the great nowers of the Old "World, our Government has been relieved from the great burden and expense of maintaining large standing armies hi time of peace ; knowing and feeling that in any case of emergency, a call for troops for the defense of the flag would he promptly responded to. The vindication of the wisdom of this policy has been fully and thoroughly attested in every hour of need in the history of our country, and at no time more fully than in the late war, in behalf of whose wounded and disabled, soldiers we are now seeking relief. And to-day, under this fixed policy of the country, if, unhappily, our Govern ment should become involved, in a war with any foreign power, and a calf by the President for troops to defend the nation's honor should be made, it would be at once responded to by the people from all sectiorisf the Union ; and the boys who wore the blue and the boys who wore the gray, fighting in a common cause for the whole country, would vie with each other with laudable strife as to who should be most loyal to the flag, and do most 4or sustain our national honor and perpetuate constitutional- law under our republican institutions. WHAT YOU WILL RECEIVE. If the bill to equalize bounties is passed by Congress, all soldiers who served three months will receive twenty-five dollars. All soldiers who served nine months will re ceive seventy-five dollars. All soldiers who enlisted prior to July 4, 1864, and served one year, will receive one hundred dollars. All enlisted men who received discharges to accept promotion will receive eight and one third dollars per month, for each month's service m enlisted men, deducting only tho amount of bounty received from tho United States Government. Pensions tot Veterans. From the darliest history of our country, it has been tho settled policy of tho Government to pension its soldiers, or their representatives, who shall have become disabled in tho service from woundov disease; and this, too, from tho date of death or discharge from the sorvico. And so flxed by law and usage has been this policy that tho soldier, on ontcring tho service, regarded it as part of his contract with' tho Government that in caso'of his death or disability, his representa tive or himself should bo granted pemsiom And THE BtLli TO AMEND THE PENSION I.AWS FOR THE BENEFIT OF SURVIVORS O THE WAR OF 1812, AND PROVIDING FOR PAYMENT OF ARREARS OF PENSIONS. The following is tho bill amending the pension laws, so ns to give pensions to the soldiers and sailors of the Avar of 1812, and their widows, as it va3 amended in the Senate after passing the House ofjepresentatives, at the last session of Congress ; An act amending the laws grading pensions to the soldiers and sailors of the war of dghteen hundred and twelve, and their widows, and for dMr purposes. Be it enacted hy the Senate 6nd House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of the Imerior l)e, and he is hereby, authorized and directed to place on the pension-rolls the names of the surviving officers and eulisted and drafted men, without regard to color, .ncluding militia and volun teers, of the military and nival service of the United States, who served for f ourteei days in the war with Great Britain of eighteen hundred and twelve, and who were in any engagement and were hoiorably discharged, and the surviving widows of such officers and enlisted and drafted men : Provided, however, Tha; such widows were married to the husbands on account of whose services the pension is claimed prior to the treaty of peace which terminated tho war of eighteen hundred and twelve, and have not remarried. Seo. 2. That this act shall not apply to any person who is receiving a pension at tho rate of eight dollars per month or more, nor to any person receiving a pension of less than eiaht dollars per month exceptfor the difference between the pension now received (if less than eight dollars per month) and eight dollars per month ; pensions under this act shall be at the rate of eight dollars per month, except as herein provided, and shall be paid to the persons on titled thereto, from and after the passage o! this act, for and during their natural lives : Provided, That the pen sions to widows provided for in this act shall cease when tlioy shall marry again. Seo. 3. That before tho name of any person shall be placed upon the pension-rolls under this act, proof shall bo made, under such rules and Regulations as tho Com missioner of Pensions, with the. approval of the Secretary of the Interior, shall prescribe that tho applicant is entitled, to a pension under this act; and any person who shall falsely take any oath required to bo taken under tho provisions of this act shall bo guilty of perjury; and the Secretary of the Interior shall cause to bo stricken froin tho rolls tho najue of any person when it shall appear, by proof satisfactory to him, that such name was put ou said rolls by or through false or fraudulent representations, or by mistake as to tho right of such person to a pension under this act. Tho loss or lack of a ccrtitlcato of dis charge shall not deprive the applicant of thobenellt of this act, but other proof of tho service performed and of an honorable discharge, if satisfactory, shall bo deemed suffi cient ; and wlum there is no rccordkwUlencct of such serv ice and snchHlischargo, thoapplleaufc may establish tho sanio by other satisfactory testimony. Seo. i. That all applications for pensions of tho classes provided for In this act heretofore, or which may hereafter bo made, shall bo considered and decided as though made under this act; and all laws now jn force in regard to the niaunor of paying pensions, and in reference to tho pun ishment of frauds, shall bo applicable to all claims under tho provisions of this act. Seo. 5. That tho Secretary of tho Interior be, and ho Is hereby, authorized and' directed to restore to tho ponslou rollsnho lun'ries'of all p6rsonsiiow'sun'lvingherGtbforQ I pensioned vonfaccQuutAof service in the war of Aigh.teen huudrwl and twelve against Great Britain, or for service )n any of the Indian war?, and whoso names were stricken from the rolls in pursuance of tho act entitled, "An act' authorizing tho Secretary of tho Interior to strike from the pension-rolls tho nnmett of such persons as have taken up arms against the Government, or who have in any manner encouraged the rebels," approved February fourth, eighteen hundred and sixty-two, and the joint resolution entitled, "Joint resolution prohibiting payment by any officer of tho Government to any person not known to iiavo been opposed to the rebellion and In favor of its sup pression," approved March second, eighteen hundred and. sixty-seven ; and section four thousand seven hundred and sixteen of the Revised Statutes at Large of the United States shall not apply to the persons provided for by this act : Provided, That no pensions shall bo paid to any per son whose name shall bo so restored for the time during which his name was stricken from the pension rolls : And provided,furthcr, That in case of the death of any such such person during the time his name was stricken fr6m the rolls, the surviving widow, if any, shall be entitled to receive such pension from and after the passage of this act, to continue during licr widowhood. Seo. G. That all pensions which have been, or may hereafter be, granted, in consequence of death occurring from a cause which originated in the service of the United States since the fourth day of March, eighteen hundred and sixty-one, or iu consequence of wounds or injuries received or disease contracted sinco said date, shall com mence from tho date of the death or discharge from the United States service of the person on whose account tho claim has been, or shall hereafter be, granted, or from the termination of the right of the party having prior title to Such pension: Provided, that the limitation herein pre scribed shall not apply to claims by or in behalf of insane persons, or minor children of deceased soldiers. Seo. 7. That immediately upon the passage of this act, the Commissioner of Pensions shall cause a copy of the same to be furnished each pension-agent, whose duty it shall be to notify each pensioner upon his roll who shall be entitled to arrears of pension under this act; and it shall be the further duty pf the Commissioner of Pensions to pay, or cause to be paid, to sucli pensioners, or, if the pensioner shall have died, to tho person or persons en titled to the same, all such arrears of pension as the pen sioner may be entitled to, or, if dead, would have been entitled to, under the provisions of the first sectidn of this act, had he or she survived. Seo. 8. That all laws and clauses of laws in conflict with this act be, and they are -hereby, repealed. Congress should take immediate steps to in crease the clerical force iu the Surgeon General's Office. Every application for a pension is sent there to have the hospital record of the soldier investigated. The force of clerks now allowed is totally inadequate to the requirements of the Pension Office, and they are now 18,904 cases behind; that is, they have that number of cases ' on their tahles to investigate, and thatnumher of persons are kept from receiving their pensions hy tho unreasonable lack of clerical force in the office. If no more applications should be made, it would take from fifteen to eighteen months for the clerks of the Surgeon General's Office to dis-, pose of the business already on then tables:, ; r; In order to protect tho Government from the innumerable frauds which. ifr; is constantly Ja&j tempted to perpetrate upon it, in the Pension Bureau, the Commissioner of Pensions should have an appropriation, so that the special service might be enlarged and its efficiency increased. There'should be money enough provided so that a man could be sent to examine into overy case of suspected fraud. Honest pensioners could dnif that way be protected, and 'dishonest ones pre- vented froin defrauding the Government, 'and punished. M ' V-? i If you want to know "how much will be due you from the Government when tho bill for tho Equalization of Bounties is passed, multiply the numbor of months you wore in the service 4y eight and ono third dollars, and "subtract the amount of boimty you received from tho United States. Tho remainder will show the amount of bounty you will bo entitled to under thi3bill. w. It was at a party tho other ovonlng. There was a lull in tho conversation, which mado tho host, whowas luox porieuced in party matters, somewhat nervous. Witty a view to relitif, ho asked a mournful-looking man, who was set like a packing box up iu one corner, if ho was married. ' "No, I am a bachelor," stlflly replied tho som bqrmau.., tVh!" observed tho host, warming up wjth tho subjoot, How long have you been a bjVchulor?" U'hct' vas another lull in tho conversation. m. i i a VI 1 . :& i ir;tM t'M!"l K.ll tftt Ml 1 if j .!' ? U 4 M 4 i . 'r'tSI i V-l M ? 'A ,1. M ii f i Sfa3STE2Wffll i, ' . 1 , . 1 -- , "f, M , ' ,1, jm , , i Jrf&i ffmii finffifi u hi Tim