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The National tribune. (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, November 01, 1877, Image 6

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live Senate CJommitoo on Pensions lins referred
the bill to Senator J)avm, of Illinois, ex-Associate
Justice of tho United States Supreme Court, a
man of great fairness and judicial learning.
Jndgo Davis hesitates to say what disposition
will be made of the hill, tytt he will advise the
Committee on Pensions to report it, favorably.
He ha been furnished with all the facts b.eilring
on the subject, and will bo ready to make a
report to the committee at an early date.
The whole number of persons entitled, to .pon
tons as survivors of the Mexican war ,is seven
thousand, including many already on the pension
rolls, and others who have died since the work
of enrollment began ; out of this number, 4,629
had been classified by regiments, &e., at the closo
of the last Congress. Of this fractional number,
there was found an average of about forty-four
survivor to forty regiments of regulars and vol
unteers enumerated., Now, assuming .that this
fractional number (4,620) covers one-hall' the
men still living, say 9,258, which amountJa 2,258
more than have been found by the agencies of
the local associations, it affords a fair, and reason
able baais for the congressional committee to
estimate the true number of survivors. Fdt ex
ample, the forty regiments referred to consist 'of
four hundred companies, and embrace 3,400 sur
vivors, being an average of 8.5 to the company.
The official records of the War Department show
there were 1,033 companies of men in the war,
aggregating 100454 men of all grades 6f rank.
Multiplying the whole number of companies by
the average number of survivors in four hundred
companies, gives us a total of 8,780 Survivors.'
1 But, in any estimate based on the number em
ployed in the war, (100,454,) the important facts
should be taken into the account ftiat 12,r8'96
deaths occurred during the war from all causes ;
'2,778 were mustered in who were not sent to the
seat of war; 6,725 deserted, and will not be eli
'gible to pension; 9.749 were discharged for
wounds and other disabilities, and were probably
afterward put upon the pension roils, besides a
vast number of the three, six, and twelve-months'
volunteers re-enlisted, and are thus duplicated hi
th'e' grand aggregate of 100,454. Deduct the
ngures here given, amounting to 32,148, (without
regard to the number of re-enlistments, which
cannot be obtained from published reports,)' and
w& have, as the grand aggregate, 68,306 indi
vilmalswho came out of the war, which is only
abbiit ' eight times the number estimated by the
asef'X ration toMbe alive at the end of thirty years
ajfter the wa'iv -""if
""The Bill granting pensions to vetenmrofthe
war of 1812 is as follows : ' - -
Be it enacted, frc, That the act granting pensions to
the surviving soldiers df the war of 1812, &c, approved
February 14, 1871, be amended bo as to read as follows :
- That the Secretary of the Interior be, and he is hereby,
authorized and directed to place on the pennon rolls the
names of the surviving ofllcers and enlisted and drafted
men, including militia and volunteers, of the" military
and naval service of the United States who servecTfor ton
days In the war with Great Britain of 1812, and were
honorably discharged, and the surviving widowrof nucli
officers and enlisted and drafted men,: Provided TJiat
each widows shall have been married prior to the year
1850 to such officer or enlisted or draf ted men.
i 6a a. That this act shall not apply to any person who
is receiving a pension at the rate of $8 per month or more,
nor to any person receiving a pension of less than $8 per
month, except for the difference between the pension now
recelTed If less than $8 per month a'nd $8 per month.
Pensions under this act shall be at thq rate of 8 per
month, except as herein provided, and shall be paid to the
persons entitled thereto, irom and after this act. for and
during their natural lives : Provided. That the pensions to
widows provided for In this act shall cease when they shall
8eo. 3. That bej orthe name of any person shall be placed
on the pension rolls under this act, proof shall be made,
undt r such rules aud regulations as the: Commissioner of
Pepiona, with the approval of the Secretary pf the In
fcericr, shall prescribe, that the applicant is entitled to a
pension under thia act ; and any person who shall falsely
'. ;" ;..
f iliTs net shall. In jrutlty "i perjury. , Ann the Secretary
Of tlfU Lftl(rifjVmtU inline toHrt' gMetten ffoiu'thlf iGlte
tin 'mums of any norsonswlmn Jr, shall annear bv moot
satisfactory to luni that such iiamos were put on said rolls.
oy or through false or irauuulent representations as to
the right of guHh persons. io, a pension under this act.
The loss or lneK of li" ecrtitiwito of disclinrm shall not
.dopriyo the applicant of the bi-ui'lit of tills act but other
'pi-oof Of the service performed and of an honorable dis
charge, u satisfactory shall be deemed suillciout; and
when there is no record evidence of such service and such
discharge, the applicant may establish tlio same by other
Satisfactory testimony : Provided, That when any person
.has been granted a land warrant under any act of Con
gress for and on account of service in the said war of 1812,
s,uoh grant shall ho prima facie evidence of his service and
honorable discharge, so as to entitle him, if living, or his
widow if he be dead, to a pension under this act. But
such evidence shall not be conclusive, and may bo re
butted by evidence that such land warrant was improp
erly granted. v
Seo. 4. That all applications for pensions under the act
to which this is an amendment, heretofore, or which may
hereafter be made, shall be considered and decided as
though made under this act; aud all laws now in force in
regard to the manner of paying pensions and in reference
to the punishment of frauds shall be applicable to all
claims under the provisions of this act.
- Seo. o. That the Secretary of the Interior bo, and he is
hereby, authorized and directed to restore to the pension
rolls the names of nil persons now surviving heretofore
pensioned on account of service of the war of 1812' against
Great Britain, and whose names were stricken from the
rolls hi pursuance of the act entitled "An act authorizing
the Secretary of the Interior to strike from the pension
rolls the names of such persons as have taken up arms
against the Government, or Who have in any tnatirier en
couraged the rebels," approved February 4, 1802, and
that the joint resolution entitled "Joint resolution pro
hibiting payment by' any officer of the Government to
any. person Jnotkno.wn to have been opposed to the rebel
lion and in favor of its suppression," approved iMarch 2,
18G7, be, and the same is hereby, so far modified' as to
authorize the payment of claimants under this act; and
section 471G of the Revised Statutes at Largo of the United
States is hereby repealed.
$EO. C. That the surviving widow of any pensioner of
the. war of 1812, whore the name of said pensioner was
Stricken from the pension-rolls in pursuance of the act
entitled "An act authorizing the Secretary of the Interior
to strike from the pension-rolls the names of such persons
Us have taken up arms against the Government, or who
have hi any manner encouraged the rebels," approved
February 4, 1862, and where said pensioner died without
his name being restored to the rolls, shall be entitled to
the ajrreai-ages of pension due said pensioner at the time
of hTs'cleeease ; and the marriage of such widow shall not
prevent her from receiving such arrearages of pension.
In case there is no surviving widow, then such arrearages
of pension shall, upon similar proof, go to the minor chil
dren of such pensioner.
This bill lias been before Congress repeatedly.
It is now introduced again, and referred to the
Committee on Revolutionary Pensions of the
House, which has not now and is toofrlikely to
have anv other business 'before itv The mem
bers of 'this committee are MivMackay, of Penn
sylvania; Mr. Bland of Missouri; Mr. Ellis,of
Louisiana; Mr. Benedict, 'of 'New York; Mr.
Steele, of North Carolina ; Mr. Martin, of West
Virginia ; Mr. Kinsnell, of Maryland ; Mr. ia1
terson, of New York; Mr. Gardner, of Ohio;
Mr. Evans, of Pennsylvania ; and Mr Norcross,
of Massachusette. A very little. pushing on the
part of these gentlemen would hurry this bill
through. m . :- ..,
The faithful Mends of the soldiers in Congress
at once, upon the opening of the session, set the
ball a rolling, aud have introduced bills for the
equalization of bounties to soldiers who served
in the late war for the Union. Representative
men of both parties have stepped forward and
taken this matter in hand, and the're is clearly a
majority in favor of the passage of the measure
in the House of Representatives at least. The
majority is less in the Senate, and the danger
there is the same that defeated the bill last sea-1
sion, namely, the opposition of men like Ed
munds, who will interpose dilatory motions so
as to keep a continual postponement of the bill,
until it expires at the end of the session. Many
Senators will resist these dilatory motions, and
hurry the measure forward.
The bill introduced by Senator IngaUa, which
is similar in all its provisions to the one which
has heretofore been before Congress, provides
that there shall be allowed and paid to each and
every non-commissioned oflicer, musician, arti-
i '
.K'iWu,,.,, ri (??r Uikuv
iiaQfe.wugott.ov, and- private soldier, .sailor-, tiud!
(Uiarine, including those borne rupon thu rollsujus
slaves aud Indians, who faithfully iserved as such
in the military service of the United States, who
have been honorably discharged from such sen
vice the sum of eight and one third dollars a
month for all the time which was actually so
served between the twef'th day of April, eighteen
hundred and sixty-one, aud tho ninth day qf
May, eighteen hundred and sixty-iiye. The pro
visions of this act extend to-all soldiers who; were
mustered into the service of the United States,
and were subsisted, clothed, and paid tbyrrtho
Government of the United States.
In case of the death, either before or, after-the
passage of this act, of tiny such non-commissioned
officer, musician,.. artificer, wagoner, or private
soldier, sailor, or marine, it is provided that tho
allowance and payment will be made to his
widow, if she has not remarried, pr if there bo
no widow, or sho has remarried, then to tho minor
child or children. In computing and ascertaining
the boimty to be paid to any non-commissioned
oflicer, musician, artificer, wagoner, or private
soldier, sailor, or marine, or to his proper repre
sentatives under the provisions of, this act, .there
will be deducted therefrom. any and albgutios
already paid under the provisions ,of , any, finite!
States laws. . :.;.,, ,nto
The bill provides that no bounty miojifht
provisions of this act shall be paid, to oonticr
count of any soldier who served as a-substitute
in the army, or who was a captured prisoner of
war at the time of his enlistment, nor to any one
who was dischai'ged, on his own application or
request for other cause than disability incurred
in the sendee, prior to the nineteenth day of
April, eighteen hundred aud sixty-live, unless
such discharge was obtained with a view to, ,uCf
enlistment, or to accept promotion in the militiiry
or naval service of the United States, , pi;,. to-be-transferred
from one: branch of the military ser
vice to another, and such person did actually tsp-re-enlist.
or accept promption, or was sq. ,tyausr
ferred; and no bounty shall be paid to auy9j3
dier discharged on the .application or at the re
quest of parents, guardians, or other persons, or. on
the, ground of minority, , Jt is required that .eyey
petition or application tor bounty shall , disclps.e
and state specifically, under oath, what amoimt
of bounty has been paid Ulster the provisions . f of
any United States laws to the non-commissioned
officer, musician, artificer, wagoner, or private;
soldier, sailor, or mariue by whpm or ,by ,whosse
representative the claim is made. ; ,-.V
The .bill provides that any attorney ,pr &gn.t
who shall receive from any claimant a.ssu'ni
greater than ten dollars for tho prqsecutipn ,qf
any claim under the provisions of this act shall,
upon, conviction, pay a fine not to exceed one
thousand dollars,, or imprisonment for a term not
less than one year, or both, as the court or jur,y
may adjudge, and shall forever thereafter be
excluded from prosecuting claims of any natur.e
whatsoever against the Government of the Unheal
It also provides that it shall not be lawiid for
any soldier to transfer, assign, or sell his dis
charge, final statement, descriptive-list, or other
paper, for the purpose of transferring, assigning,
or selling any interest in any bounty under tho
provisions of this act And all such " transfers,
assignments, or tales heretofore made are, dor
clared null and void as to any rights intended tp
be so conveyed by any such soldier.
In any case, where a person -entitled to seqely
payment of bounty under the provisions, pf .thi
act, shall make application therefor,, or )$$$$
such application shall be made by tho proper
' r !pSy.y?J W'MMt8&!3&&

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