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?v h $ p. '-ui t r VfKM'f .riVOfnWfW" J mmtteM$32z:i : v'iVifi ft 'l, I 3 4$onihhj gonmitl devoted to the interextn of the goldicrB Ait! gafor;; of the hie war, mtd nil enmonern of the ijmted gtnte?. GEORGE E. LEMON & CO., w T KJ p Editors and Proprietors. 1 0L XJ 1N0 " WASHDsTOTOJtf$D. 0., MARCH, 1878. TERM S, PIETY CENTS PER YE at. ; , . ..,,,, i v bri uupius, o uenis m currency or 1'ostago Stamps. intend according to A ct oCongru,, in the gear of our Lord, iS7t, by &torge B. Umon A. Co., in the Office o'the Librarian qCongreu, at Wa,Mngton, D. 0. ' Libby Prison, Richmond, Virginia. On the 9th of Miliary, 1863, one hundred and nine men raafe their escape from this This basfciie was situated at the southeast prison through a tufnel extending some sitfty corner of Carey and Eighteenth streets. It con- i feet across the street on which the prison was sisteel of a building, or block, of three stories, situated"; Fifty fivefpf them, including Colonel with ah attic. The first story and attic were Streight, succeeded Ii reaching our lines, used for enlisted men, officers being confined; The horrible puifose ancMutenfcion of the vn buu suuuuej ana unrci noors. me dimensions rebels, of sacrificing fur officers confined in this of the rooms were one hundred and five by jforty-five feet, connected by door-ways and having five windows at each end. prison in cold bloodJhratker than permit their release by the armicjof the republic, appears to be well established! A magazine containing Dungeons below the level of the street and several hundred noifnds of nmvrlm- wn rWp5 under the sidewalk were used for the confine-1 in an excavation befbath the building with a .-J-.I 1 1 - . iWBK , mS - ment ot prisoners who violated any known or unknown rule of the prison. Into the six rooms devoted to the confinement of officers, j had proved success! of th6 time boastei taken to prevent as many as twelve hundred have been crowded at one time, which allowed but twenty square fuse attached, wittim, view to its explosion in Case the raid ot KiWatrick in February. 1864, si. The Richmond nn.no.rs that measures had been Uie release of the Union &et? or four and a half feet each way, for each ! officers by Federal tfdops. 1S& iSlMllllBiSiiB cast side. The swamp contained about, three acres of land, or nearly one-fifth the territory assigned us; along the borders of the stream, and extending back to either edge of the morass, were frequent bogs, in which the stagnant water, oozing up through the loose earth, had formed in little pools, and was covered with a thick, dark scud, which gave out a sickening stench when it was disturbed. At its eastern extremity, where the water made its exit, the prison sinks wore located; although from the weakness of the sick mon, the lower part of the stream, for the dis tance of several rods, was used for this purpose. The wa ter was warm and disagreeable: it had a boggy, earthy taste, and was, in its purest state, of a dark, reddish-brown color; yot, if all the arrangements for our imprisonment had been as good, as this we should never have murmured. On the west side, near the dead line, was a bridge of loose boards, upon- which communication could bo had with the opposite side of the swamp. Above this a place had been scooped out directly beneath the dead line, where water for drinking and cooking purposes was dipped up in cups; below, the water was reserved for bathing and washing clothes. These arrangements, however, had been made by common consent of the prisoners, the authorities hav ing nothing to do with, it; there was nothing to prevent the evil-disposed from disturbing the water and rendering it unfit for use, except the moral influence of camp. "distribution op rations. cooking. wood. L "Some time in the afternoon the ration wagon drove into the stockade laden with corn-meal, bacon and salt, which were thrown down into a heap in an open space about ra;dway the inclosure. It was a horrible sight to witness the haggard crowd gathered about this precious pile, while tho commissary superintended its division among tho squad sergeants; gazing, meanwhile, with wolfish ej'es upon the little heap as it diminished, or fol lowiner their seriroanfc nmnmissurvhnnlr in ln'e nnnffm'G no ptsmtamishdiswine follow clamorously the footsteps, .of ahoic. ; m.ujiur, us no carries cneir iooa to die accustomed trough. ! The rations were distributed by the division-sergeant to i tho mess-sergeant, who then divided them among the men. ; To avoid quarrelling, during tho last distribution, it was (The custom among all the messes for tho mess-sergeant to i separate tho rations into as many small parcels as there I were men in the mess; one man of the moss was placed a short distance off, -with his back toward the parcels, in such a position that he could not see them; the moss-sergeant then pointed to one, with the words: 'Who has this ? ' to which the man replied, announcing the name of the recipient, when it was given to him. In this manner tho whole number was gone through with, with satisfac tion to all. "Iron bake-pans, like those used by the confederate soldiers, had been issued to the prisoners who first arrived at this place, in which to bake their meal and fry their bacon; but nothing of tho kind was ever given out after wards, to my knowledge. Tho United States soldiers, as is well known, were never provided with other cooking utensils than inoss-kettles and rr ess-pans, both too largo to bo transported in any other way than upon army wa gons. At tho time of our capture, in numerous instances, tho tin cups and plates which we had were taken from us: r m r m . i , our K"ives, ic will oe remetnbored, were confiscated at prisoner. Major I. r. lurner commanded the Extracts from the Report on the Treatment of ! Danville; nothing, therofore, was left in our possession ipnson, and Richard Turner was orison insnee. Snsoners of War by the Rebel Authorities. J with which to cook our raw food after it was given us. .f ' i. ., . x .V ;F ! How to accomplish this necessary feat was a grave ques- tor. lnis was the place to which prisoners: "ao following are extracts from the testimony I fcicm- Wo made shift, howevor, with chips, half canteens, wore usually taken to be searched and robbed. I taken by tho Committee of tho House of Eopresout- MttS'g itthof It was one of the first established by the rebels, i fttives of tho fortieth Congress, appointed to invus- i scarcely warmed through. The solder of the tin, molt and continued in use until nearly the time of j "?" of prisoners of war byjho rebel Sui2ffi,Ki.teBSt "mfaU orvo andtSo? Leo's surrender. Many thousand prisoners were j authorities, continued from our February num. tho ratious wore at last devoured in a half cooked state-i ftvv,rv..rt..:i,r nn4iA i,. i. i ! bor a fact which aided in tho increase of tho frightful misery temporarily confined here previous to .being j UU I that subsequently occurred, quite as muchas the small sent SOU til. Eleven hundred prisoners, howevor j "Tho only unoccupied space in the inclosuro north of ' Quantity that was issued. A more extended account of wnrn nnnfi nn,l l.nvn ,r, ,r f i,D a i ' ! tho svamp was a narrow strip fifty feet wide, reaching i the, quantity as well as tho quality of our food will bo giv weio confined here many months. As early as j nuito across the oast side of tho pen, from north to south I on hereafter. 1S03, mon were Starving in this nrisou TllOV lut0 fcllis wc AVOro "shored in duo form, and turned loose ' . ' A tow t0Ps o tho pino trees, which had been loft with- i .,, , ,. , P ' Ji to shift for ourselves. In this confined space wo wore nor- the stockade hy tho confederate authorities when tho ' iiiiciiul- was oiuaiuti, tugecuer wicu cue groator pare ot cue , stumps, had boon used by tho first detachment, and an mea, tons, ; and upon pcr- 'hnn a squad from oach division wassont under guard to forago ior uou umus ami scicks; mo praccico oomg urougnc to an ond by one of tho details ' soizing tho guard and marohiuir northward with him. Ai'tor this fi1pniinisbmp. iekb. kiii iui . .--. ii. .1 i i n ,ii - - j--- j. ,- , . -,. ... mmvm, S ., AftV J suing of rations ; but tho mon wore not obliged to remain snore au any ouior cuno or lor any ocner purposes "THE MOllXIXG. with vermin. It was hore that Colonel Streight was lured into an attempt to escape by the perfidy and murderous intentions of the commandant of tho prison cell full of or bread and water. Hero he found six soldiers ; cooking utensils to tho bundle, left them with a friend. confined in the foul stench of this loathsome cell. , 37. t sdot? BW SS He was captured, ironed, thrust into a which wo had in vain sought repose, wo roll )f filth and vermin and iwlnrPl tn n rlinf i our bltinkots wot with tho ohilling showor of n iiibii uici oi mm, ami lociuceii to a cliot . h.ul mllou copiously llm.iujj tll0 utght and fn 'lorningbrokoat last, and rising from tho couch on wo roiiou togetnor dow which fastening our took placo, Captain "Wire devised a kind .-f parolo, or ob ligation which the boys agreed to boforo going out, whore in thoy agreed to mako uo attompt at oscapo wiiilo forag ing; but oven this was not respected, and tho plau was droppod in a short time. During all tho time in which tho meu woro allowed to go out of tho blockade, any ono witn sumoiont money or otnor valuaolos woro pornutted iu uuo zi guuui, ii uo uuuiii uuu ouo uuompioyou ami will- .. ii! i M m ll; ', . "Si f: ! - ?.;' w. ifii r- !. ? V & ' :v i W--' :.- m ii l ,M T: :,,. L.1 i a:1 i m.., i -i .! Mi T ' X prison w and customed to visit it. 1,1.