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V l Brt L IP' T.HEUNAraONLH CTRIBUE4T nnt 911 jTujy lg 18g&an&founhiia sifting is common, too ; f6ivyoii will- find few Bureaus' ivlix giwvi uuuuiby, KiUU m n 1 & &i. . v sc"Kiwwt!f-"o io v,w"uawj uwu iurfvuu wur una lew ' JLureaiu froWrefit utility, itfdifced briain1i.tii. ! h f .f.i,....,,. .I .,.:, . : i.s.u . on, from his imprisonment at Andersonville ; . of the Bureau cloos not conscientiously believe that, he could not work in 16,5 no in lSGGy , that the Government turnsoir him as its con- Ihesamo' claotf os6im6itf is continued' by trolling axle, and that his disapnerance from life, Tli Ql -m-1 nA ,.. TAT! 1 . j. T ....... i oi. uuuiwwugu, ui w ummgeon, ana an exam- natural or official, would unhinge the' whole it6t mtimsfr the SubSfciMitidh bf'eariMfncl' lirejaitf6intheplftbo'61,j.ti6ticd? -:; "M "'"' It is the old principle Of jirbTtntry discrimina tion; It is the old formula of the tyrant, "Bbl pro ration voluntas. " . ' If Mr. Commissioner Bentleyha's settled httfli ssa&ns4s&!teisrt- i -. - - v. - - -. js sras , ..j v Uw a. vxAuiwii wxuvyv,. kju wu mau hi i nino.MU nftmiYimiihrtno itrifii ' h -..! -,, i. i . i -i . , i . . -. , . ,. , .,u tx uuwbijr jiuiu- uuu iairiy ana impartially decide geoti appointed' b Now, in the face of all this testimony, thoi this forolcnowWW tw i-iim;maf . w ;,; Commissioner .closes the case with, this unique ' be dogmatic and imperious, and undertake their TttQV : ; . . . j , ' ! cr'lcism expecting that, in the eyes of the offi cial, criticism is impiety and dissent is heresy. t 1 A TlMriVf xAAr "Gommistioncr of Pension's.'11 firmly, with the extraordinary letter of Com missioner Behtley. questions on testimony, the sooner lie retires trom Jus "judicial position" tz better; for he has lost the ilrst and most essential attribute of a judge, which is impartiality. , ., But even in this sentence, in which he de dares his unfitness to decide fairly upon' evi dence, he cannot rest without giving the cold ox ins own perverted imagination to the parties mi Passing: for the nresent f-.hn nnos rP mfnfief.iiti ! loirn,f' i. .u. .i ,i n - " tJw w- --" """"""""j iv me viuuuaae ana tneir attorneys. and general remarks which succeed only in and to the evidence : snowing tnat tlie Pension Office in years past r r i , ' allowed a very much larger number of claimB, ; n " 2TZZ ?'&.&." . uv ui.wu, ivuuoo iiiixuitvita lire almost universally prepared by claim agents; who can receive no comnensation fnr t.hmr rap. ! vices unless the claim is allows!, nnl n.mr nf I whom have been detected in attempting to de- thus subjecting themselves as a class to a meas ure of suspicion." The testimony is not exclusively "ezvdrte"' in any instance, and the Commissioner knows Which, being interpreted, means that, inas much as the United States kept no record of diseases and suffering incurred at the rebel prison of Andersonville, no other evidence can with a very much smaller force, than they have be supplied. I done in late years let us come to the real In other words, the Commissioner deals with trouble and grievance which is the burden of Andersonville as if it were an United States ! his soul. General Hospital, and requires equal record He says: "The duties pertaining to the set proof in each case. tlement of claims partake largely of a judicial The other case is, if possible, more flaerant. i nature." John Penstermaker, Company F, 106th Penu-1 This, however, is no novelty. It has been so sylvauia Infanr,rv "NTo. 175495 : ocs nA11fC!. i-f,. .un i, :.., i .... , i v 7 ,vv, o iwiwKo. j jLivyxn wu uciuuiug. jGjvery ciaim rescs upon ""J 'uawiu, ium i.uc uuiumissioner Knows Ihis man enlisted August 12, 1861, re-enlisted evidence, and he who has to pass upon evidence ifc- The grelfc facts of enlistment and discharge as veteran March 21, 1864, claims pension for I does necessarily perform an act of a judicial na- are t ex parte ;" they are record evidence, x " j v4wu,. nnc jjnouuur ui uhlu. xi i& uoi more jucuciat now tnat it was "jl-"' uj ullc; wuveniiuenc. war at Andersonville. He was a prisoner from ; in 1862 precisely the same class of evidence ! The ct of wounds or disease is frequently a June to November. 1864, and in confinement at required then, or produced then, is required and i matter of record by treatment in hospital. The Andersonville. j produced now ; and, in so for as the cases are of I canse of discharge is generally stated in the dis- He was exchanged, and on the 4th January, ' the same nature, there is not one whit more ! charge itself. 1865 was discharged for physical and mental of difficulty in deciding than there always has i The things which are in parol proof" ex varte" disability contracted while a prisoner of war," j been. , ' j are matters connecting the present situation of as appears by the records of the War Depart-j The judicial nature of the dutj is the same, the claimant with the official record, and at ment. 1 he proof is overwhelming that, the! It is true-and that, we suppose, the Oommis- taching the existing disability to the cause" man came home an utter wreck, bodily vigor inissiouer meant to sayl-that the cases now pre- j And unless the United States choose to provide exhausted and mind gone, and so continues to j sented are not so simple as- the mass of those of a court, and require trial, as in a case at law,"in "VT yearS back The glmshofc wounds, the direct j all pension claims, the evidence must necessa- Ihe last communication on the subject from ; and immediate injuries received in war, are very I rily be ex parte." the 1 ension Oflice is this : ; lately disposed of, though many of these are The improper and indecent slur cast by the "Sm : The invalid pension claim of John jPonstormn-1 brwai,d eyei da3r- ! Commissioner upon the whole body of attorney Sfe n-i'i ' ' Vs aY-aifci! th,? testimouy of two com- - lt the larger number now presented are for j and claim asrents is wholly indefensible on nnv SfSX'S SMfeW ST " while ! I disf - - "Usability consequoit upon injuries j known principles of truth and fSdin" and Vo,y n.j.otuilr. and exposures, and which have grown into ag-; simply shows the spirit of partiality with which " ' " domke,," i Srated tho lapse of years. i he is unfortunately 'possessed. inch also being interpreted means that this and ZZTJS StSTfi Jt T ? " "' man, whose mind is gone, shall recall tlie hor-1 law. ' ' J , f T a''e Sd Commisslouei's tow of his prison-house and find, if he can, two' i Now, the Commissioner and hi. Bureau are ' 17? i o'es-jst as there am. men there who knew him and can testify 'to a constituted- by the law to h "a and de el u I !nffe ! It d e" m "lk? vof ' feet which is already overwhelmingly i proof, i these cases ulWn such evidence as the 1 w de-! S ,d e t ' 3 7 " " P by testimony of his condition before and his I elare to be sufficient. And if a case is p n Sj? : ls tn " WlWr condition immediately after his incarceration, j up by testimony in the form and to the extent ! iv V , , It is possible his friends may find such tosti-1 provided by law, the Commissioner' diitv is ! ., . eV0'' V &n amdavit in imi' aoar mony, but it is cruelty to demand it, when the I clear to decide in favor of the claim ! T'lS T p.repared b' some 0,le ? D'ul he facts are alreadvairoaront. find .mHi,. ;,;., (.i,; Rt i;,t - i,: ";.t: ,, .' .. ' ever hear that it was a disgraceful act in the way but an arbitrary ruling of the office. ! " Th mM. Ill ;. i. ...--. . -., x,q , 7n : j profession to prepare an affidavit to be sworn: to- , - a. V4U wai luiii ft I i I i. i.i i;i i (imii 1 1 r r l t w rk r i v s. : t t - t t n miffinn- ,. ,w; IV T , , U1 i J cllGt tor use m a court flttois 1 1 law , . . w i rnr enrr nnA t-j-vij-i-ii,.: iii n i' ni . . which ought to be decided Ihvorablv bv theC-YH ZZ L" l:"i . wnw? ."."u-, mnarng upon all parties; and it is not difficulfc nv,:: " " "vv- """ "" jjiuu as uuv nrain.o Tiifin IS i fn chrmr mf f ...: :..:. ... mony which is offered:" " ' interost bofch of fche Government aud the claim- ' !ant, . ,.'.1V!.tha "nSfc ol example on record of! What is the effect? Anattornoy en-wed in judtaal dtscretwn. A judge is ordered by law the prosecution of pension claims is .uSpoW to to hoar a case on certain proscribed tosti mnnv A-nn, n,.i. ., u- ,...i .t .,. ,. . - Tim w -...iwju.!,',....,. . . ' i " "" """"" J '" practice ox une i. f , ;dT z. : r , i : :. " r . s " cro- eusiou uu,c- Ho vs PPitio Oommissioner. The Commissioner's Letter to the Committee on Pensions, ,i t .i . It is very- c6itiu .that there is nothing that so grows upoif aiuau as the masrnitude and inmr..-- tanee of the ofK h l,;w i. ,"," : '. , """" " ' .w uul ." " mw ls Tho dignity of to oflU the cSTrfi ! Z ' ',!?! " .TL " C" i - lette" ? . 'o be.Wcs himself or ministration, the ininortftnco of Ids views ,1 "R Z ""'U,',1B ' h01'seU ODtltlocl- Thereupon he sends a list of the utter folly of any one Xdiii-l', !, W Wjr8.: X 1WV U0 P"! i question, to be answered, setting forth all the are things which b ome do tf fa Ulto hn' "' those witnesses, and moreover I . foots required by law to be proved. TTpol ho tenant of an office ll s em to b fa nSitl ? SL? i V ' 'T' m,d reta of these questions with answers, be disease inseparable iVon hoWi t officia los ' L "it r Cm T nmk" Ws miud whothw the olftim P tion, and generally it grow I by oiStonu STS ' r TT VU; Uww'nt th Pbnaion 0ffic0' If ho thillks " 1? he It is, however, exceed ,.-ly m fern ' d is L IJZf ?" w " h,sion Ilono toitlle oomtnonoes the preparation of the case, generally tl proof 't)liu t "ut aS'wS SE?-" I Zt'Si Ji Ji? T ? ' H?W'1U , " is devoted to hi, duty as he understands it. It I Is , s the , n 1 of" 2 ! tlUU ' ,0 !'"(1 " dgation of a' I uwuuiiuu oiuuiiciai itut .' Js it epsi bv an lntererod and intollisrent Kt-ivon, in :-. '. tn ii 'i i' j; i; i ri'si ' .I. (Br H: MS V I l: J, Mi) I ; Will . :l l ;: .I1 ,4,P !i t !