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The National tribune. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, February 01, 1879, Image 2

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THE NATIONAL TRIBUNE.
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I
THE KOTHSOHIDS.
A Skotclf jof tho Celebrated Housfe
A short timo after tlio battlo of Jonu, iii; which Napo
leon broke clown Uionrmod opposition of Prussia, William
I., Elector M llesso Caspol, jlying through Frankfort,
11 1 am one of those, " he said, " wiio trusted to tho faith
oi uinr. iaiwness perjuror ana enemy oiliiS race, .Napoleon
Bonaparte, llo promised to preserve my territory from
violation and to treat mo as a neutral prince, lie has
forced me to flv from mv mvn rininnSn 1iq 1nnlr annA
it, is to obliterate it and 'make it a parr-' of the Kingdom of!
Westphalia. I havo with mo about five millions. Tako j
A-t.v i ir til' r.. .i. (. ... .
onco of time botweou Paris and San "Erancisco, and ho
know that tho aimwor would come during tho day. Ito
WfflyCavbriBh .silence. It came rit tho hour ho had
ciu5ulalcjj.; ' T '
TJ1() JhiUl8 are for the most part .lows. Tho tomb
of tlio Parffainily is opposite that oT Ilaohol in tho com
ctory of Perd Lachivlsc. An 4iR " is sculptured in relief
on tho whito stono of tho modest chapel. Tho inelosuro
in front is sown with pebble. Bvmy .fow who visits a
grave leaves a stono.
Tho project of buying Palestine and reinstating tli6
Jews has bcn attributed to tho Rothschilds, hut as they
havo never taken any stops toward it, it Js probable that
thoy oithoi'jnovor thought of it: or speedily abanddned it.
Many, Htories aro told of their shrewdness, and while
------ , ..-...-. - v v a -w . u ji a .' aaaaa.jaiia m. a a , u j a a a J vr a. m a a a iui ii aiiiia-i. aiaaairv i. i i i iiii i : I'll
them 1 Keep tllbra in security until my rights are restored i One of tho best known is that of the Paris banker, who,
and recognized. How muoh interest will you allow mo?" when two communists entered his bank demanded that ho
"111 tho dlSturbanCOS Of tho timo " rtailtorl Mavnv vnn ! fttviri hifi nritint'hif trith tlmm . Mirt. ,, .. '..,..-.
Kotnsclnui, I can promise nothmcr. It must bo a vorv I niece and told them that wns Mimr slmm nc unm- h
ttT Tni.fll if JinV. Yni1 Will lltivn it fm.cf mft nn.t'lwil' nnnlrl ioI.miI., .-
It was a Rothschild, too, who, while playing cards, was
much annoyed by another player, who stopped tho game
In order that he might find a piece of money that had
fallen upon tho carpet. Rothschild thereupon folded a
bank note, lit it and held it for him, saying, " Thoro, my
good man, hurry up while I hold tho light."
4?
pur Homes.
low rate if any. You will have to trust mo to pay' what
x can, wumi x mu auioxaioro it.
" Vory well," replied tho Elector, "my chiof purpose
is to secure them, From what I learn of you I cannot do
bettor than to trust you. I must bid you adiou."
Rothschild doparted, received tho Elector's treasure on
doposit, was enabled to loan it and rcloan it to somo ad
vantage, but paid no intorest on it for eight years, after
which ho paid two per cent, for nine years, and returned
it to tho Elector's son in 18lU.
Such, at least, according to tho legend, is tho origin of
that wonderful house of Rothschild, whose existence and
operation aro surrounded with something of tho mysteries
and dazzling spectacular display found ohieily in fairy ro
mances and Arabian Night's tales.
During all the troubles of Europo in tho early part of
tho century Rothschild remained undisturbed. He nego
tiated two loans of four million dollars each for .Denmark,
whjch, contemptible now, worn enormous then. A largo
wholesale " Yankee notions " or dry goods house might
surpass them to-dny. Mayer Rothschild had the faculty
of turning all chances to good account.
Just before his death in 1813 he called together his six
sons Nathan, Solomon, Anselmo, Karl, Mayor and James,
and said to them :
"I want you to promise mo on your solemn oaths
always to remain united in carrying on the operations of
our, house.'
-They swore as ho asked, hut after his death separated ;
or rather th6y divided Europo between them- They es
tablished their houses at Paris, London, Frankfort, Vienna
and Naples. Each one shared in the general operations
of tho house, hut had individual supervision over his par
ticular field. It was not a central bank with different
branches ; there wore five different houses, which if occa
sion required, acted as one.
Tho Emperor of Austria ennobled all of them as it
thoy wore nil the eldest, which is an Austrian custom.
Their arms arc five golden arrows. By a remarkable coin
cidence, an ancient writer predicted that Charon, who, ac
cording to the old myth, ferried people over the Styx, or
river of death, and who gets his pay from tho passengers,
would havo a large income in the year 1855, and in that
year, Nathan, the eldest, and Solomon and Karl all died-.
r-vfbody exPcc;ed, as each one dropped off, to learn at
last the secrets of that enormous banking house. But
there was not tho smallest chance to look into their big
books. Another Rothschild stood ready to take them
from the dead men's hands. The firm is a dynasty. You
can learn from it only that it has a secret of making
money,
Ono of tho erreafc strokes f t.1n, l?ntiiciiiM l, rto
made when Nathan, the London banker, and an English
citizen, followed close in the rear of Napoleon, in 1815, as
if he foresaw tho fall of that giant. Tlio sun had not' set
on the battlo of Waterloo before tho banker was well on
his way to London. He bought English consols, at that
time very low in price. When London heard the great
news, consols rose, and Rothschild sold. This transaction
was entirely ,Rothschild-liko. In their transactions chance
is eliminated as much, perhaps, as it is possible in human
ailairs. Jhe conception of those grand schemes aro clear
and simple, however vast. Tho accomplishment alone is
difficult, because it requires a rapid glance over the whole
field, and large capital. But there is in them indications
of genius. In most of these first great operations, there
is the peculiarity of Christopher Columbus' famous Gag
trick. Dollars, like soldiers, need to be hurled en masse
and at once against a designated point. The Rothschilds
in this respect havo been the greatest captains of the cen
tury. Capital, has displaced men in the world of industry.
Formerly a man was a producor or a negotiator, a bor
rower ora lender, Now, by the substitution of capital, ho
mav DO-all Of thesP. Jifi thn annio fir T, Tia.;.. ..,
Spam the Rothschilds are producers of coal and quick
silver. By virtue of the railroads they own they are also
carriers ; to-day they will be the largest buyers, io-morvow
the largest sellers' in Europe. Speculation is the 'fairy of
the nineteenth century, and the Rothschilds are its god
sons. Life at tho, present day has been almost tripled in
intensity. A man who dies at 40 years of ago has -certainly
lived more than centenarians of the seventeenth
century.
i lngor hits a country. The Rothschilds would
iuuu iu to xoxgmm ana to Holland when they were mu
--
The -Native Army m India.
As before 1858. the native army may now bo divided into
enreo grauu envisions, wnicti take ttioir names from tho
three presidencies of Uongal, Madras, and Bombay. Tho
first of these is comnosed of in re(rtmnnts nf nnvnir An
regi meats of native infantry, o native rogimonts of G oorkas,
tual enemies ! tp Austria and to Italy : to Franco and to
termany : to Antonnlli m v,ofnn i?,rt..i rnk.,K
pires go down with a crash the house of Rothschild re
mains unmoved. They furnish the money to make war ;
they furnish it to make peace. The conqueror owes them
for his guns ; the conquered owes them for his ransom.
Only oncq was thoro any disagreement known to havo
arisen between them. When Naples ceased to be a capi
tal tho Baron Adolpho do Rothschild removed his bauking
house from tho city, and demanded, in cash, his share ol
w.uiu A"8 -uiwuii millions, jiut perhaps reool
lectiugthe oath required by the founder of tho house, tho
allair was arranged, and. the different RotliRchilds in all
times, pi confusion and -trouble, havo continued to utter the
same distinct watchword of business, oven as at night tho
clocks of large cities, regulated by ono hand, strike tho
hours at tho same moment.
Waien. steam and electricity camo into uso tho former
Sr rt 2 - ? 0,f 8Pccutiou wore no longer possible. But
tho Rothschilds anticipated these inventions. Tho Baron
James at 1 ans, it is said, hastened to seize and uso these
now lovers,, which otherwise would have destroyed him
Me was the principal projector of tho Frenchrailways,
and is said to havo wopt tears of joy on sending the first
tolegram to San Erauoiep. He had calculate tho differ-
reirlmcnts ot Punmnb naviilrv. .1 rmrinumfu r csu-ii ;
fnntry, 0 regiments of Punjaub infantry, 2 regiments of
Central India horso, 2 regiments of Meywar iufantry, and
tho Hyderabad contingent.
With hardly an exception, all these corps have, since tho
mutiny, had their names changed. Tho cavalry has been
entirely altered. Tho 11 regiments of sami-Europoanized
native dragoons have been abolished and their place taken
by what used to be called " Irregular cavalrv" that is to
say, by regiment in which the men are armed, dressed,
and mounted after the native fashion, a change for the
bcttcrVhich cannot be too highly praised.
In the Bengal native infantry tho numbering of tho reg
iments has also been altered. Thus, the present First. Reg
iment was, before tho mutiny, numbered tho Twenty-first;
tho Second was formerly the Thirty-first; tho Third tho
Thirty-second, and so on throughout the list.
In tho Madras service there aro 4 lenriments of Hativo
cavalryand 41 of native infantry, while the Bombay army
consists of a regiments of native cavalry, besides tho Poona
horse, 3 regiments of Sciudo horse, and 30 regiments of
native iufantry. But it is in the Bengal avmy that the
greatest changes havo been made. The custom that had
by degrees become an unwritten law, from which no devi
ation was permitted, of enlisting none but Ifigh-casto men
in tho ranks, has bt-en completely abrogated. In the dark
days, twenty years ago,- when we were so near losing In
dia, these men Jwero always the most disaffected. Since
then, not only have low-caste men been encouraged to en
ter tho service, but natives, belonging to tribes formerly
unfriendly and unwllling.to serVe, havo been sought after
and enrolled, and they aro thought more of than tho Brah
mins and Rainnoots. from whom our rflfrimmits nsH fr tin
almost exclusively recruited. But perhaps tho greatest
alteration is in the manner in which the native army is
now provided with European officers. When a youngster
woiiu vuo iu JLuuui nausea to do gazetted as ensign to a na
tive regiment, in which ho remained on the list untiPhe
obtained, the rank of major. Under the new system the
only entrance to the native military service is through the
English army. An officer who wishes to serve in our In
dian army must firsfcqualifyand pass his examination and
enter as a second lieutenant in the cavalry or infantry of
the line. After two years of regimental duty, ho may ap
ply, if the corps to which he belongs is stationed in India,
and after ho has passed a preliminary examination in one
of the native languages; to be attached to a native regi
ment as "a probationer for the staff corps." Should his
probation prove satisfactory, he is gazetted from tho corps
to which he has hitherto belonged, and entered on tho roll
of the staff:corps of tho Presidency in which he is serving.
When this change has been made he is available for any
duty in India; but, as a matter of course, the vast major
ity of the officers belonging to tho staff corps are employed
with the different native regiments.
2
How to Select a Husband.
It has been profoundly remarked that the true way of
tolling a toadstool from a mushroom is to eat it. If you
die it was a toadstool, if you, live it was a , mushroom. A.
sirauarniemod is employed in tho election of husbands ;
ua,4j uuu, 4i uu Kins you ne was a oaa uusoana ; if he
makes you happy he is a good one. There is really no
other criterion. As Dr. Samuel Johnson remarked, "the
proof of the pudding is in tho eating thereof." Some
young men that seem unexceptionable, indeed very desir
able when they aro single, are perfeotly horrid as soon as
they get married. All the latent brute there is in the
heart comes out as soon as a sensitive and, delicate being
seeks her happiness in his companionship. Tho honey
moon lasts a very short time, the receptions and tho round
parties aro soon over, and then tho two sit down to make
home happy. If she has married a society man, he will
soon begin to get bored ; ho will yawn and go to sleep on
tho sofa. Then ho will tako his hat and go down to the
club and ,soo tho boys, and perhaps not come homo till
morniug. If she has married a mau engrossed in business
he will DO facreed OUt when hn nnmns Immn Tin m.,,, i
a sickly mm that she must nurse, and a morose man that
sho must seek to cheer, a drunken man that she must sit
up for, a violent man that sho fears, a fool whom sho soon
xurirub w uespiso, a vulgar man tor whom sho must applo-1
gize in short, there aro a thousand ways of beiu- bad I
husbands, aud vory few ways of being good ones. And the ;
worst of it is that the poor silly women are apt to admiro '
xu amfciu uiou luc vory traits tnat.maico bad husbands, and
look with contempt or ridicule upon those quiet virtues
which make homo hannv. Afon with vnmiit-.Hn nahnni
beauty or style often make tho wife happyand Hometiraos I
quite the reverse. Tho number of ways of being a bad j
uuauiuiu i iuiuusii as great as cno number of ways of be
ing ugly. No qptf pan toll from tho demeanor of a siuglo
man what sort of husband ho will bo. Meantime, sho
must marry somebody. Eat it; if. yqu dio.it must be a
toadstool ;. if youJiv it was.a sort of .mushroom. -rv?a-timore
Every Saturday. ., . ' ,,, ; ., w. ',
nouses and farms, bank stocks and bonds af&nll good
things to have, and ospeciallywhon tho dividends 1111 tho
capacious pocket-book and promise com fort, ease, and lux
ury. But it has been observed by thoughtful people that
wealth is not an unfailing source of happiness; naj', it has
often proved au annoyance and oven a buVdon to life.
TMim'O IS CnVlAf llltiry Mi..- nPlnll nninna.!i.1. .,.,.111- i.1.i .
..v. . ...Vw.uik uiKHiuiiuiiuumua WWII WWUlill tIJ.ll IUilLS
I the joys: that should accompany it, and, beforo tho owner
I is aware, it has sapped his htimariity, and ho stands out
! soured, vain, and saltish, a heinc to mnlr o nno-nlu wnn .ri
devils laugh and chuckle.
When the Savior of men was upon earth He.gavo an im
l.rcssivo lesson to one who camo and inquired what he
should do to havo eternal life. TIo said ho had kept all tho
commandments from his youth up, aud asked : "What lack
I yet?" The answer was, "Go and sell that thou hast
and give to tho poor." Tho advico, wo aro assured, made
tho young man "sorrow." But tho furthor impressive
words were uttored: "I say unto you, that a rich man
shall hardly entor tho kiugdom of heaven." Under Such
teachings, and with tho oxporionco that wealth brings
many evils in its train, it sooms strange that tho human
family should jeopardize every hope, and tiro tho limbs
and worry tho brain, aud straiu tho hands in the oagor
chase for riches. The question should como to-day to
these merchants on 'Change, the business mau in his counting-room,
tho professional man in his wearisome study,
" What am I striving for at this opening of tho year 1879 ?'r
Aside from morals and religion, which wo leavo to tlio pul
pits, what ideas have wo formed for a year's happiness ?
Wo take it for granted that our readers agreo with ns that
tho world was mads for happy men and women. Its beauty
and variety and bountiful supplies of comforts and luxu
ries teach us tho fact more forcibly than words can express
i t. Happy men and women aro not found ou tside o f happy
homes. Wo pity tho millionaire who smiles at the sim
plicity of tho proposition, and equally tho man who boasts
in his pride that he can purchase with gold this precious
commodity. It is something that gold will not buy, and
auy amount of wealth will not prevent a bankruptcy and
its banishment from the home.
If a single reader at the opening of this now year feels
that his homo is not tho ideal placo ho has ih'tho years
agoue cherished aud anticipated, it would be well to stop
and inquire tho reason.
Docs tho tired wife, shut up in tho nursery, with annoy
ing duties of domestic life, for days, and weeks and mou ths,
lisrht un with a smile at vonr f.mrmivo Tin iitn nn-irt o
i stand at the window and peer into tho gathering gloom to
note your earliest approach, and mako'the house resound
with joy when the door swings to admit you ? No? Well,
there is something wrong. Husband and wife might well
j stopand ask in all sincerity how shall wo "mako homo
happy" tho coming year? Wealth alone will not do it ;
the honors of the world'aud the rounds of fashionable life
t soon grow insipid, and we must ever turn to the home,
j whether palatial ot humble, to find this object of life. If
j there were somo patent method for obtaining it, or if it
I could be purchased, what a demand there would bo; and
i yet when it lies at our doow, or is placed in our hands, we
i hesitate to pick it up and fail to grasp it.
j The fact is too many aro looking for groat things and
; great events, when the sum of human happiness is almost
j wholly mado up of the little and apparently insignificant
It has been said that "familiarity breeds contempt."
This can only become true between husband aud wife and
parents and children when the nobility of manhood and
womanhood has been forgotton and laid aside, and selfishr
uui vuiguniy nave uueen its nouorea place. 11 tho
occupants of some of tho homes who have seen happiness,
departing during the past year would, in turning the new
leaf, remember some of the lessons they once well under
stood, the change would be magical. Let tho husband try
for threo months to entor his house aud leavo it as he did
in tho days of his wooing. Lot the wife practice tile easy
charms that won the lover. Neither has forgotten, and
there is more than millions in it." It won't bo a costly
experiment, and if the trial of a year does not make every
room of your home, humble thuogh it may bo, ring with
happiness, then yoti may set it down that the devil has a
mortgage and will likely foreclose, and the sooner tho bet
ter. But do not give up too easily, for of all desirable and.
beautiful things of this life, a happy homo stands first. It
is a kind of a foretaste of tho homo beyond, whoso "gates
are never shut," and " whose glory no man can estimate."
As our sons and daughters grow up aud go out from thoir
homes,, although thoy may scatter to remote regions of
.. ...v, jm, 'yri tioo uoiuiu HAIUL UUUUS IUO lOVeO.
spot that sheltered them, and She sweet influences of the
home of childhood will protect them from many an evil,
and draw them with tho sweet voices of tho past to noble
and heroic achievements.
'-
The Last -Match.
"Hatches," it is1 said, "are mado in Heaven'? hilt1 vast,
numbers also are mado in Wilmington, Delaware and
in November, 1800, I learned- the incalculable worth of
one of those Wilmington matches, At that timo I was far
out on the plains of Kansas. In company with three
others wo were prospecting tho country, shooting buffalor
and enjoying ourselves generally in frontier stylo. The
autumn had been long and delightful; tho days were at
times sultry, but tho nights were cold enough to sleep be
neath a pair of blankets. Little did we antioipato what
Shortly was in store for us. On tho oveniag of tho 25th
instant, (nover can I forget tlio day,) vast portontious
clouds gathered along tho horizon at the northwest, and
oro midnight a rain storm burst unon us with toriihln vio
lence. Tho wind howled around our tent whoro wo sought
sheltor, and soon tho wator found its way through tho can
vas and drenched us to tho skin. Our pair of mules,
frightened at tho awful thunder and almost blinding light
ning, had pulled up tho stakes to which thoy wore attached
by tethering ropes, and stood at qui tent trembling with
fear. For more than an hour this drenching rain camo
down, aud then the storm put on a now phase, A uovor
aud more fearful danger became manifest. All was blaok
as Hades; but we could feel that, though tho rain had
ceased, tho snow had takon its place, and was falling rap
idly. Qroat Hoavons ! wore wo to bo engulfed and. polish
in ono of those deop.snowsrwhich sometimes fail on tho
Western plains? And then, too, it was rapidly bocoming
cooler. Tho thormomotor must havo stood twenty dogryoa
bolo w the freezing point oro daylight broko upon us. For
tunately we wore within twenty yards of a bolt of timljor,
running along a stream, and now but ono loading oousid
oration was uppermost in our mindsthat of making a
!fe
, "'gjMaWir
CBteaJigjyraBgi v .'33ftaiiaw.tMjitajr

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