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The National tribune. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, September 01, 1879, Image 6

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discomfort, hardship and loss than
fight On the third day after skirmishing had
r hoys lay right alongside tho Forty-second In
How a Policoman Wooed and Won His Bride in
Days of Yore.
"Well, boys. I don't exactly know as I have a right to
show up a man's private affairs in this -way, hut, as it is a
yarn ol tho war that moro than one oi you can appreciate
from actual oxperionuo, I will givo it to you. To begin j
with, I don't think thoro's one hero but what has hoard
ol the Thirty-sixth Illinois volunteers -that good old rcgi
roont which has lost more soldiors in battlo and loss from
disease than any other regimont in tho sorvico. "Woll,
along in tho last days of 1802, tho Thirty -sixth fouud it
solf a part and iarcol of the fight at Sfcono river.
"1 don't think, by tho way, that any ono ovontot tho
war contained more
that samo
uccrun. our
diana, in which command our friend Blank there, yondor,
had a warm personal lrionu. When wo got to tho trout,
and tho bullets began to whistle and tho guns to bang, tho
Thirty-sixth was moved over out of tho way to give
Phil, Sheridan a chance. As they wont tearing along
through tho smokoand the rain of load, Blank chanced on
bis Hoostor friend, fiat on the ground gasping his last.
"Ho got out of the ranks and stopped a moment, ' My
dear boy,' ho said, can I do anything for yon ? " ' No,'
came tho fccblo reply, ' I've got my route for tho other
shore. Yet. if you'd take my trinkets and sond tho news
of my death to tho dear onos at homo, you'd make a dy
ing man's mind more at rest than it now is.'
"So there, on that awful battle-field, Blank knelt down,
took tho address of a sister, murmured a short prayer, and
beforo arising closed his comrade's oyos in death. Then he
went ill UgllHl iuoiu ftiivagu wi.wi uvui, mm iiu niiiu m iuu
army experienced a fiercer delight than ho when the bat
tered Confederates lied tho field
" Woll, ho wrote to that sister and detailed the story of
her brother's death. A reply reached him, and a regular
correspondence followed. But you know the ups and
downs of a soldier's life. In tho Fall, Soptembor, 1 think,
came the Chickamauga affair. The Thirty-sixth wont in
with a fiag inscribed, Pea Ridgo, ' Perry vi lie, Stouo River,'
and they brought it out riddled with bullots and haloed
with glory. Thoy had inspiration for fighting, too, that
day. Sheridan was there, and McCook, and Lytlo, who
was killed, and who, by the way, wrote that stirring po
em about Cleopatra which begins :
I am dying Egypt, dying.
Woll, Blank happened to be among- tho uulucky ones; aball
laid him flat, and when he came to he was a prisoner. You
can't got him to talk much about it, but during tho six
teen months at Andersonville ho suffered all that a man
can suffer and live. His friends thought him dead ; the
lady to whom ho had been writing thought him dead, too;
so when he was exchanged and got a furlough ho con
cluded to keop up tho delusion a little longer. He wont
. over to Indiana, to th quiet placo where his dead friend's
sister lived, and ono day called incognito at her father's
residence on some excuse or other. lie was ushered into
tho parlor, mot tho lady and began a conversation while
waiting for the old gentleman to appear. Soou tho girl
looked at him curiously ; then she sprang to her feet and
cried: You can't deceive me. Wo thought j'ou dead,
but I'm sure you are the friend who was with my brother
iuliis last hour.' You seo his stylo of writing and talking
were about tho same, and it gave him away. In due time
they were engaged, aud after the war, married. So there
you liave a bit of the life of a Chicago policeman."
And lighting a cigai, the detective walked away to
Standing in tho sunlight sobbingat the turn of the road
a hand waves -sho answers by holding high in hor loving
hands the child. 1 to is gone, and forover.
Wo sec them all ns thoy march proudly away under
tho Haunting flags, keeping time to tho wild, grand music
of war marching down the? streotw of tho groat cities
through the towns and aoross tho prairies down to tho
fields of glory, to do and die for tho otornal right.
Wo go with them ono and all. Wo aro by their sido
on all the goryftolds in all tho hospitals of pain on all
tho weary marches. Wo aro with them in ravines run
ning with blood in tho furrows of okl fields. We aro
with them between contending hosts unablo to move,
wild with thirst, tho life ebbing slowly away among tho
withered loaves. Wo see them piorced.by balls and torn
by shells in tho trenches, by forts, and in tho whirlwind
of tho charge, where men become iron with nerves of
Wo arc with thorn in tho prison of hatred aud famine ;
but human speech can novor tell what thoy ondurod.
Wo aro at homo when tho news comes that thoy aro
dead. Wo see tho inaidou in tho shadow of her first sor
row. We seo tho silvered hair of the old man bowed with
the last griof.
Tho past rises beforo us and wo see 4,000,000 of human
boings governed by the lash ; wo sec them bound hand
and foot ; wo hear tho strokes of cruel whips ; wo seo tho
hou ids tracking women through tangled swamps ; wo seo
tho babes sold from the breast of mothers. Cruelty un
speakable ! Outrage infinite 1
Four millions in chain four million souls in fetters.
All the sacred relations of wife, mother, Hither and child
trampled beneath tho brutal foot of might. Aud all this
was done under our own beautiful baunorof tho free.
Tho past rises beforo us. Wo hoar the roar and the
shriek of tho bursting shell. Tho broken fetters fall.
These heroes dio. We look. Instead of slavery wo seo
men, and women, and children. The wand of progross
touches the auction block, tho slavopen tho whipping
post ; and wo seo homes and fire sides, and school houses
and books, and whore all was want and crime, aud cruel
ty, aud fetters, wo seo tho faces of tho free.
These heroes are dead. Thoy died. lor liberty thqy
died for us. They aro at rest. Thoy sleep in the land
they made free, under tho flag they rendered stainless, un
der tho solemn pines aud hemlocks, tho tearful willows,
and Iho embracing vines. They sleep beneath tho shad
ows of tho clouds, careless alike of tho sunshine or the
ico of rest, lvarth may
are at peace. In the
midst of battlo, in tho roar of conflict, they fouud tho se
renity of death. I have one sentiment for the soldiers
living and dead cheers for the living and toars Tor the
An Old Mexican Soldier's Reminiscence.
When the letter to Zachary Taylor, announcing tho
withdrawal of most of the regular troops from Taylor's
command to bo placed under his own in a projected move
ment from Yera Cms toward the capital of Mexico, was
received while tho General was at supper with his staff near
Monterey. Tho General asked Colonel Bliss to read it to
him. He had just replenished his coffee cup, and was en
gaged in cooling it with a spoon while the reading went
on. This appeared to make no further impression upon
him than that indicated by a contemptuous " sniff, " but
as tho real import of the lettor began to appear his whole
manner changed, and he abstractedly dipped the spoon in
to a bowl of mustard, which sat upon the table, and stirred
it in tho coffee. This ho repeated until by tho time the
reading of the letter was finished the contents of the mus
tard bowl were exhausted. Without saying a word, and
to Bliss' astonishment and horror, ho raised the cup to his
lips and gulped down the whole abominable compound.
He then broke into an excited and profane harangue, con
signing to everlasting damnation every one concerned in
the proposed depletion of his forces, and only ceasing
when his speech was overtaken with a paroxysm of stut
tering, which, with, him usually followed a violent out
break of temper. The Colonel felt sure that from tho
amount of mustard ho had swallowed combined with tho
intelligence he had received, it would infallibly sicken
him, but nothing uncommon came of it. "Ratsbano at
that moment," said Bliss, "would, lam convinced, have
had no more effect upon him than upon tho stomach of
Mithridates." Genoral Pleasonton, who commanded tho
General's escort in Mexico, says that when once thorough
ly aroused ho was tho maddest man he ever saw mad
from the crown of his hat to tho soles of his boots.
IngersolPs Lecture. -Our Soldiers.
"The past rises before me like a dream. Again wo aro
in tho great struggle for National life. Wo hear tho
sounds of preparation tho music of tho boisterous drum
tho silver voices of the heroic bugles. Ave seo thousauds
of assemblages, and hear the appeals of orators ; wo seo
the palo checks of women, and the flushed faces of men ;
and in those assemblages we see all tho dead whoso dust
we have covered with flowers. We lose sight of thorn no
more. Wo were with them when they oTilisted in tho
great army of freedom. We see thorn part from those
thoy lovo. Some are walking for tho last time in quiet
woody places with tho maidens f hoy adore. Wo hoar
the whisperings and tho sweet v 7s of eternal lovo as
"thoy lingeringly part forover. Others aro bending over
cradles, kissing babies that aro asleep. Some aro receiv
ing tho blessings of old men. Some aro parting who hold
thorn aud press them to their hearts again and again and
say nothing j and some are talking with wives, and en
deavoring with words spoken in tho old tone to drive from
their hearts tho awful fear. Wo seo them part. We see
tho wife standing in tho door, with the babe in her arms
storm, each iu the wiudowless phi
run red with thor wars they
Kissing the Baby.
Whilo Colonel Allen was discussing national finances
on tho hotel plan, Colonel Tom Crittenden quietly slid
down off tho platform and circulated among the crowd.
Ho wore a delicate white duck suit, blue neck tio and pat
out leather pumps, aud was the cynosure of all tho female
eyes on the premises. Colonel Tom, with an eye to busi
ness, began ogliug tho babies.
"Oh, you sweet little darling," said Colonel Tom, ad
dressing a fuzzy, pop-eyed brat that lolled lazily in his
mothers arms under one of the trees, "how old is it,
ma'am ?"
uFo r months, sir," said tho fond mother.
'A little girl, eh?" said Colonel Tom.
"No, a boy," replied the mother.
"Ah, yes, now that I come to look at it more closely, I
detect the strong manly features of a boy," the Colonel
hastened to say. "Please, may I kiss the little cherub?"
Colonel Tom shut his eyes and exploded an oscillatory
sound on tho fuzzy face, and the child put up a big lip and
threatened to cry.
"Ho is such a beautiful child, " murmured Colonel Tom,
"such eyes, such a head, such an expanse of forehead,
such a mouth, such a sweet, tranquil expression."
"La me, you don't really think so, do you?" simpered
the flattered mother.
"I never saw a sweeter little cherub," said Colonel
Tom. "I beliove I will have to kiss him again."
Haviug gone through a second osculatory martyrdom,
Colonel Tom assumed a seraphic look a look calculated
to strike taffy to tho most hardened feminine heart, and
got right down to business.
"I'm a candidate, for Governor," said ho, "and nothing
would give me greater joy than to feel assured that I had
tho support of the father of this sweet babe. Come, let
me hold the little darliugi in my arms. I do think- he is
just tho sweetest little angel I ever saw !"
The flattered mother gave up the fuzzy baby with pre
fuse apologies about it uot being well dressed, etc., hoped
it wouldn't trouble the gentleman, etc., glad to know he
admired it so much, etc.
Tho fuzzy baby writhed aud squirmed and grow red in
the face, and wrinkled itself all up and belched a trifle,
and then lay calm, aud composed on Colonel Tom's right
"Tho little precious!" cried Colonel Tom. "You'll
to.l his father how much I thought of his little cherub,
won't you, ma'am? And you'll tell him I'm a candidate
for Governor, eh, ma'am."
Tho poor woman's face dropped, and big, salt tears
came into her eyes.
"Oh, sir," sho said, "you don't know what you ask
my poor husband died of the jaundcrs two months ago."
There was a far off look in Colonel Tom Crittenden's
golded-glinted eyes as ho gently but firmly dumped that
fuzzy baby on tho bereaved woman's lap and walked
straight back to the platform and replaced himself on a
Not alone was sorrow confined to Colonel Tom Critten
den's upheaving bosom. There wero silent traces of suf
fering upon his right coat-sleovo.
orrcriponbcnts1 &olumn.
.7 no. 15., Ulatonia, Nttn. In cases where thosoldtordlod in tho
sorvico and Ids widow roinarrlod prior to July '8, 1560, (ditto of ap
provatoftho uot providing additional bounty) sho forfeits title to
said bounty under tho provisions of tho law. If tho soldior died
after discharge with said bounty duo him tmd remaining unpaid,
his widow Is not onlltlod to tho bounty If sho remarried prior to
February 21, 18(38. In oil hor event as above tho bounty goes to
tho next holr lu order of succession.
W, R. V Un Witt, Iowa. (). A widow having bi-on a pen
sioner on account of hor husband, killed In aotlon. romarrlcd hor
former husband's brother, who also had boon a soldier. Tho hit
tor has since died, but possibly not from tho olfects of dlscaso or
injury contracted while In tho sorvico. Can hor pension bo re
newed or rcstorod ? A. Tho widow has no further title to pon
slon on account of hor first husband : but If ho loft ohlldren who
wore under sixteen years of ago at tho dato of thotr mother's re
marriage, tho ponelon should havo boon continued to thorn until
thoy sovorally attained that ago. Sho has no title to pension on
account of sorvico and doath of socond husband unless sho oon
ncets his death with his military s nice, except, indeed, ho hud
a claim ponding before, the Pension Olllco at his doath, which sho
avouUI bo permitted to complete and draw tho samo amount of
ponsiou to which tho soldier would have boon entitled had ho
lived, Trom tho dato of his discharge to tho dato of his doath.
Q. A widow of a soldier of tho Mo lean War haviug remarried,
Is she or hor ohlldren bvhor formor husband entitled to tho throo
months' extra pay under tho act of February 10, 1870 ?A. It has.
not yot been decided whother heirs of doooused soldiors and sail
ors of tho war with Mexico aro entitled to tho three months ox
tra pay.
"S unsaiumm,MCiiAiu.KST0WN, Mass. Q. How or 6icre docs
tho Commissioner of Pensions got his authority for refusing to
grant a claim on tho ground that the wound or disease was not
contracted In tho line of duty, and where does he draw tho line f
A. Tho Commissioner of Pensions is authorized and empowered
by the nonslon laws to rojeotany claim for pension whore tho rec
ords ot the War Dopavtinont or evidences lrom other sources
show, to his satisfaction, thut tho alleged disability was not in
curred while in tho sorvico and In the lino of duty. Tho present
Commissioner will not entertain any testimony in rebuttal of tho
record of tho War Department whero it shows the disability of an
applicant to have boon incurred prior to enlistment. Wo aro in
formed that tho Commissioner of Pensions was never In tho army
or navy.
Q. 11., Laiinud, Kan. Tho rating for "total dlsabllltv" at tho
close or tho war was i;S a month ; It Is now $18. By act of Con
gress of June 4, 1872, the rate of pension for l,nny disability equiv
alent to tho loss of a hand or a fot " was Used at $18 a month.
W. M. N. G., Lexington, Mo. Presuming that your inquiries
havo reference to tho arrears ol pension, wo answer: 1. Tho Com
missioner now acknowledges tho receipt of claims. 2, Claim agonts
are not recognized in this class of cases, therefore the claimant
will bo notillod if additional ovidonco is required. 8. Answer to
your second inquiry covers the inquiry in your third interrog
atory. Tho .Commissioner ol Pensions acknowledges to the
rocoguizeu attorney tne receipt ol papers. Tiio work ol tnc l'on
sion Oillcc is greatly behind, nnd Inquiries concerning claims do
not receive attention for months.
Jas. F. SI., Lansing, Mich. Q. I was wounded In tho mouth
and loit broast while in service ; nave drawn pension on wound
of left breast since discharge. I was put on tho roll for gun-shot
wound of tho mouth somo six or seven year's ago. Am 1 entitled
to arrears of pension for wound of tho mouth from time of dis
charge to tho time of belnsc thu? placod on roll? A. Yes.
A. P. 15., Atty., &c Thomaston, Conn. Brothers and sisters
of a soldier or sailor who died in the service or after dlschargo of
a disability incurred whilo in sorvico and In lino of duty aro on
titled to nonsion under the following conditions : 1. Tho soldier
must have left no widow, minor child or ohlldren surviving him.
2. Tho brothers and sisters must havo boon under tho ago of six
teen and dependent xrni the soldier for support at date of death.
3. Tho children must have boon under sixteen at date of mothor'a
and father's death.
T. Y. T., Bklgkavk, Mo. It is not possiblo to answer "your In
quiries satisfactorily. The timo required In the adjustment of
claims for incrcaso'of ponslwn based on a disability for AVhloh
already pensioned and claims for.original pension based on gun
shot wound, rcqulro but a few months in their adjustment, while
applications based on disease require a longer period. Much de
pends upon the promptitude with which the ovidonco required by
tho Pension Olllco Is furnished, although the delays of that olllco,
after all its requirements have boon complied with, arc frequently
very vexatious aud discouraging. Tho settlement of pension
claims is expedited when tho allegations of claimants are borno
oit by the records of tho War Department. After a clalmis com
pleted, about ono month is consumed in issuing, recording, and
signing nnd countersigning tho certificate, eases taking their
" Soldier," Elkhart, Ind- Q,. A man deserts from one organ
ization and onllsts in another, and is honorably discharged from
tho second enlistment. He incurred a disability for whioh ho
claims a pension. Does ho forfeit pension by desertion ? A. If
his disability was incurred in jlrst service, aud tho War Depart
ment will grant him a dlschargo (dishonorable or otherwise)
therefrom, he does not forfeit title to pension ; but If tho disability
was Incurred whilo In the second service, it would bo ruled that
ho was not In "the lino of duty" when disabled, (being at tho
time a deserter,) and his claim would be rejected. In tholastcaso
his only recourse would bo to a special act of Congress.
W. Ii., Lansing, Micu.Q. Can a United States pensioner re
move to a foreign country, take oath of allegiance, and become
a citizen thereof without forfeiting his pension ? A. Yes.
G. C. SI.. New Ou.mherland, Ohio. Q. A soldier was wounded
during the lato Avar, returned homo, married, and died of his
wounds, leaving a widow and minor children. Tho soldier never
applied for a pension. Are his widow and children entitled to a
pension V A. His widow is entitled to $S a month from the dato
of his death, during her widowhood, and $2 a month extra for
each child by tho soldier who was under sixtcon years of ago at
tho date of Ids death, to continue until tho children severally
attain the age of sixteen. Sho Is not entitled to pension from
tho date of his discharge, because ho did not file au application.
C. X. T., San Francisco, Oal. According to law naval oilloers
Pulpit Terms.
" What shall I preach about'? " said a minister to tho
pasior oi a uujoruu nouu. wuiou jiu w tu uuuiuss. "tvuu,
mos' any subject will be 'coptable," was tho reply ; "only
I'd like to nib vou ono word ob caution." " Ah t what is
ffio you
that ? " " "Well, of I was you, I'd teech weny light on
do Ten Commandments." ' Indeed, and why? " " Oh,
cos I hab notiso dat doy mos' always hub a damp'nin' ef
fect on do congregation."
cannot obtain tlio three months' extra, nav.
D. P. N., Whkklikg, W. Ya. You aro entitled to arrears if
your pension did not date from time of discharge.
Q. v. B., Zanesville, Ohio. Q. 1 married an ex-soldior who
had previously been married, and whoso first wife dlod after tho
close of tho lato war. I havo ueon Informed that I am not entlt led
to a pension because I was tho second wife of tho soldier. Am I
correctly Informed? A. If your husband's doath was duo to his
army service, you aro entitled to a pension for yourself and also
for your children who wero under sixteen years of ago when your
husband diod. Of courso any children of your husband by his first
wife, who were undersixtcen years of age at the datoof his death,
will also havo pension due them, provided thoy havo not already
received it.
R. M., YVohokstkr, Mass. Tho loss of ono eye In the sorvico,
If tho remaining ono is good, only entitles you to $4 a month.
J. D. B., Quincy, III. It matters not in what country a pen
sioner resides, he can draw his ponsiou.
Saml. P. C, Findley's Lake, N. Y. "Wo hope the Equaliza
tion Bounty Bill will bo passed In such shape aa to givo to thoso
discharged' by reason of disability incurred in the service oitcht
and one-third dollars bounty for each month of the term for xvliich
he enlisted, rogardlug thorn as having served out their period of
enlistment. A lnw truly equalizing uounties cannot bo framed,
but It is tho general opinion that tho bill now beforo Congress
comes noarer to an equalization of bounties than any yot pro
posed. G. and B. Attorneys, Ciullicothe, O.. A widow drew a pen
sion of $3 a month from tho doath of hor husband in 1803, aud $2
a month extra for hor minor child from July 25. 1S66, until child
attained tho ago of sixteen years. Q, Is tho widow ontitlcd to
arrears or-pension of 2 a month for child from 1803 to July 25,
18(10? A. Wo. Tho extra pousion allowed for children com
mences only from July 25, 1600, tho dato of tho last Congross
granting it,
Daviu M. W., South Peters it urgh, N. Y.-Wo aro at a loss to
soo how moro than ono construction can be placed on our answer
to "E. A. M." in July number, and wo despair of making tho point
involved olcaror. However wo will give an example : A man has
received a pension of $14 a month, for a gun-shot wound, commenc
ing from dato of dlschargo 1804. llo also contracted lung disease
in the service, but thodlsoaso was only in its inoiplont stage at
dato of discharge, and did not Ino.ipaoitato him onc-fourtkfor tho
performance of manual labor until 1870. Ho now applies for an
inoroasoof ponsiou on lung disouso, and Is allowed $2 a month ad
ditional therefor, commencing fmm 1870. Had tho ponslonor boon
one-fourth disabled at dato of dlschargo ho would havo received
tho i a month from 1801. It would havo btcu bettor to havo
stated a hypothetical caBO.
Slany correspondents, whoso Initials do not appear in this col
umn, will find tho Information thoy sools in roplloso other corre
spondents. Correspondents who desire their InqulrlOB answered in this col
umn should bo stuto.

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