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The National tribune. (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, December 01, 1880, Image 3

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The Senate for Popular Education.
It is especially gratifying for us to note that the
Sonato of tho United States ha& recently expressed
by an. overwhelming vote its readiness to sustain
thb cause of popular oducation. Thoro Was no party
feeling manifested in relation to the subject. North
ern, 'Southern and Westorn Senators vied with
each bthor in support of tho good cau'so, The bill
as it passed said body gives tho proceeds of tho sales
of the public lands and tho surplus! funds which
may accumulate at tho latent Office for edncatio lal
purposes to be divided among the several States
according to stipulations mentioned in the bill. The
Southern Senators favored the measure even moro
strenuously than those from other parts of tho Na
tion, and this is not surprising, for there is an im
perative necessity that the freedmen now citizens
and voters should at least have tho benefits of a
common-school education. We sincerely hope that
the House may Speedily take up the bill and pass it
without material alteration. If we are to be a free
pedplo we must be an intelligent people, and every
voter in the land should understand the principles
on which the security of his rights depend. It is
indeed lamentable to think there are now hundreds
of thousands of voters who can neither read nor
write. Speed on the noble, patriotic work, Messrs.
To Each, Every and All Soldiers who "Were in
the Union Army."
Y'Oxl appear to have faith in us you write often
that; you regard the Tribune as tho soldiers warm
est advocate and defender, and now, with deep
earnestness, we announce to you, that the bill,
which Senator Thurman, of Ohio, said "would car
ry terror into the hearts of 250,000 pensioners," -will
be pressed Jy John A. Bentley, Commissioner of
Pensions, soon after Congress meets, on the 5th of
January. Now the nature and character of this
bill, has been already fully and clearly shown, in
the pages of this paper. You Understand it. Ifyou
are opposed to it, assert your rights as American
citizens and soldiers, by writing, or getting an influ
ential friend to write for you, immediately to your
member of Congress, expressing your sentiments
and those of soldier friends in your neighborhood.
v . " A Warning.
To all pensioners and claimants of pension we
say very plainly and very earnestly that your repu
tation is slandered by the gross assertion of the
Commissioner that your security in the enjoyment
Of what you already have is imperilled, that your
hopes of obtaining justice in the future are likely to
be destroyed by the urgency and the insidiousness
with which he is now pressing upon Congress his
bill, known as Senate bill No. 496. If you believe
this measure to be dangerous to you, if you think
it ought not to pass and become a law, you must so
inform your Kepresentatives and Senators, and do
it without delay, for the bill will be pressed immedi
ately after the holidays. Act on your own judg
ment, but act at once.
A Question.
Soldiers, the present Commissioner of Pensions
is working for a raise in his salary, from $3,600 to
$6,000. Are you favorablo to this, while he is
shaving down veteran soldiers' pensions from $8 to
pi or from $4 to $2 per month aye, sometimes
cutting you down to $1 per month ? If you desire
his salary increased, write to your member of Con
gress to vote for the bill when it comes up.
Senator Edmunds' Patriotic Defense of Soldiers
Against Bentley.
" We are jumping, therefore, at conclusions, and
I think very unjustly to ths body of tho patriotic
soldiery of this, country, when we give it forth to
everybody and everywhere, by iterated and roiter
ated statements, that a very large percentage of the
pensioners of this Government, during the war,
were fraudutoiit plunderers of the Government I
do not, Relieve any such thing, and I do not belie v
ther is any proof of any such thing."
Newspapers Clubbing with TJs,
Will you please give ua prompt notice of any change
of rates you nurpoae for 1681
i iimm
W otic. '
HwrsafUr Pmormi1 Month!, Nw York, and Tu
IgitooMJo. Tanwra wttl
Get up Clubs and Benow your Subscriptions for
Tho National Tribune
Tho Soldiers and Sailors' Advocate and Beprcuntaiiw
at WasJdrigion, D. O.
Thoso who aro informed us to tho favorablo work con
stantly being dono by this papor at tho National Capital
on uolialf of tho interests of our bravo defenders on land
and soa, are ready to boar testimony to its groat valuo.
Iho public press of tho country devotes its attontion to
iw.uvDuujBUba: it oniy toucnes occasionally upon topics
tu.ne m0d with Soldiers and Sailors' lights and interests,
whilo The Tbimdne makes of those topics a specialty. It
Auofc I)urmifc dw National Legislature and tho people
of-the country to forget to whom tho Nation is indebted
for its life. Published at the National Capital, it has the
opportunity promptly to know all that is going on favor
able or unfavorable to tho cause it advocates, and it will
sustain tho ono or oppose tho other with onorgy and
Among other leading measures, it will support Tho
Equalization Bounty Bill ; tho Pension Court Bill ; the
rights of Soldiers and Sailors to officos for which they aro
2tuahfied ; tho education of Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans;
the liberal support of Soldiers' and Sailors' Homes; the
reform of the managomenfc of tho Ponsion Office ; tho ap
appomtment of a Soldior as Commissioner of Pensions ;
the sacredness of Constitutional obligations to Soldiers'
and Sailors.
The attention of Congress and tho people of the country
to these and kindred subjects will bo shown by tho best
lino of argument, from which we hope many benefits to
our brave defenders on laud and sea.
In addition to Tee Tribdnb's being tho Soldiers and
Sailors advocate, it will present in every issue choice and
interesting reading for the family circle. Tras Tkibune
is an eight-page paper, published monthly. Price 60
cents per year, postage paid. Five copies for $2. Ten
copies for $4,, with oho to getter-up of tho club. Sample
copies sent free. Now, Soldiers and Sailors, thero are
many thousands of you interested in tho protection and
securemont of your rights, and your families will be
Dleased With n. nhnarftil nnfovfroinirirt- rvnnm lflrn Tno TVt.
dune, which will contain beautiful poetry and thrilling
and amusing sketches. One page of our pater is called
the "Laches' Page" and one the "Children's Page."
Grandma, with a scream, hastened to save tho pillow,
when Dandy rushed to tho chair, pulled out the puahlon,
seized tbe handkerchief, and rushed with it in triumph to
his master. ',-
"Dear, good old Dandy I" cried Harry, andhofellouhis
neck, hugging and kissing him, Dandy very modestly r
ceiving the praiso for his success.
Soldiers! Attention All!
Let all soldiers who approve of it, sign this pe
tition and forward at once to their member of Con
gress :
To the Senate and House of Bepresentatives of the United
States in Congress assembled :
m "We, the undersigned, soldiers .of-tho-war of-theitebel-lion,
Tesiding at the locality and having been members o.f
tho company and regiment mentioned "after our names,
do most earnestly oppose, and utterly discountenance tho
passage of a bill introduced in the Senate of the United
States by Mr. Withers, of Virginia, providing for the ex
amination and adjudication of ponsion claims, regarding
its provisions as objectionable and unjust as those found
in what is known as tho Sixty-Surgeon Bill, while, at the
same time, we do. as oarnestly recommend and advocate
the passage of a bill introduced in. the House of Repre
sentatives by Hon. Mr. Geddes, of Ohio, for the creation
of a Court of Pensions, through which wo may secure
the justice so long denied, us,
These petitions should pour as great waves into
Congress. Copies of the above sent immediately
on receipt of stamp.
Dandy lived on a farm in Rhode Island, and had bo
come quite famous for his sagaoity. Mr. Bundy, his mas
ter, had several friends at his house, and in speaking to
them about Dandy said : " He seldom fails to do what
ever I set him at Sometimes I am almost oertaia that I
see human intelligence in his eyes."
The company were all ansious to see what ho could do.
They were trying to think of something to propose, when
Harry, a bright little follow, exclaimed, "Papa, I know
somothing that I don't believe Dandy can do." Then he
whispered to his fathor, saying, "Dandy mustn't hoar
me, because he knows every word I say."
Dandy looked as if he knew perfectly what was going
on, and stood quietly by, as if suro of his ability to per
form any task set him. Showing him a handkerchief, his
master said: "This is what we want, old fellow," and
then directed that ho bo taken to the barn and chained.
Harry hid tho handkerohief under tho cushion of grand
ma's easy-chair, and grandma promised to remain seated
in tho chair. Then Harry ran out to tho barn, shouting
to Dandy to come and find tho handkerchief.
Dandy trotted up to the house, made a careful survey,
and finally bogged to bo admitted to grandma's rooin.
Here, after looking around as before, he at last placed his
fore-paws on grandmother's lap, and looked his wish that
sho should leavo the chair.
" Down, Dandy 1" cried grandma. "I must not be
disturbed to-day ; go away I" But Dandy continued his
appeal, wagging his tail, and now and then giving vent to
a short, sharp bark.
At longth ho slowly walked to the open fire, stretched
hiinsolf before it, and appeared to sleep. Occasionally,
however, one oyo would carefully. turn upon tho grand
mother, showing it was nly a game ho was playiug to
put her off her guard.
Some time passed in this way, when suddenly ho
sprang up ; and no roguish boy over had mischief more
plainly written on his face than bad Dandy at this mo
ment. Grandmother's bed was her special care. It was
always white as snow and porfeotly arranged. Upon this
bed tho dog sprang, and hegau tossing the slsthes with
his teeth and paws.
"Harry," oriod grandma, ntaka Dandy away ! Dwa,
.down 1 naughty dog, down 1"
"O grandma," begged Harry, M& 1st him ta& jiufc to
w$ what he will do,"
But, all f a sudden, Dftdy changed his ooaro. Jump
ing from tho bed with a pillow betwa hie tooth, k ran
to th ncaalaa -" Huw ths Uiw ikmtikr wmm tht
Meaning of the term " Manuel Labor " as applied
in the administration of the Pension Laws.
Tho term "manual "is defined by Webster as follows :
"Pertaining to the hand ; performed by tho hand."
Tho following may servo to show what, in our judg
ment, is moant by tho term "manual labor," as used in
tho administration of tho Pension laws
f 3 J?0 iSi h!CllJyxincapilcltafcecl fi tlie performance
of only one-half tho labor of a sound, ablo-bodicd man
cm a farm, or as a carpenter, bricklayer, blacksmith, or
laborer, &c, is one-half disabled for manual labor- or
one who is compolled to lose one-half of his time on ac
count of his disability. Such an one may be physicallv
able to preach, practice law or modicino, or perform tho
duties of a bookkeeper, or salesman, or agent, and yet if ho
is regarded as only half a man (so to speak), by reason of
disability incurred in service and in lino of duty, he is
labor half pension being one-half disabled for Manual
m There are es-soldiers and sailors in this city receiv
ing high salaries from tho Government as clerks en
gravers, &c, who receive $24 a month pension. They
actually perform manual labor requiring education ami
skill; yet, m the face of the construction placed bv the
Government on the law granting $2-1 a month, in casts
where the applicant or pensioner is wholly incapacitated
for the performance of any manual labor, they receive
that allowance. J
It is diffioult to answer your inquiries clearly, owinj? to
the apparent inconsistency of the action of the Pension
Office with its construction of t7ie law, but we are of opinion
that the ioregoing will convey a pretty fair idea of what
is meant: nv tho frirw imnnni uun. it . . ,,-
admimsmtion of tho pSStoteST W T
Attention, Soldieri ! "?-'"',;
There is a large class of ex-volunteer officers and soldiers -3
principally of the cavalry arm of the service who, after the K
tall of Richmond, were, with their commands, orderedto the :'
Plains to fight Indians. These men were mostly vet
eran volunteers, and had enlisted for "during the war,"
or for one, two, or three years, " unless sooner discharged,"
by reason of the close of the war. In aU cases the under-.
standing, both on the part of the Government and the
soldier, was that when the rebellion should have been put
down they would be discharged; but when the Govern
ment violated its contract with these bravejnea andor -
iiJiV-bQmiaiJieJ&ainsria of them, having-
served the Government faithfully according to tho terms
of their enlistment, left for their homes, and were marked
on the rolls as deserters, thus forfeiting all pay, bounty,
and other allowances, except pension. All survivors of
this class, and the heirs of such as have died, are requested
to send to this paper their full names, with rank com
pany, regiment, and post-office address. By doles thsy .
may reap an unexpected benefit.
Any of our subscribers who know of any poraoas W
braced in the classes referred to will confer aiiror on th
latter by sending us thair names, &c, as above.
Equalisation of Bounties.
There is no doubt but that the bill to equalize the boun
ties of soldiers in service of the United States during the
late war will be brought before Congress at its present ses
sion. The Government was never in better shape than
now to meet the exigencies of such a bill and no bill ever
came before that body with greater demands for a hear
ing. Of this bill, Senator Oliver P. Morton, Indiana's
great and ever-memorable War Governor, said, im his
great speech on the subject :
"Mr. President, justice to the soldiers cannot always
be deferred. It must and will triumph some time. If it
does not come this Congress, it will como at some other
Congress. It is a part of the war debt, as much as 5.20
bonds or 10.40 bonds. It is founded on the same principle
of justice. It is an obligation resting upon this nation,
and if it takes 20,000,000 or $50,000,000, can make no
difference. It is a debt this nation honestly owes, a&d it
ought to be paid- In other words, let the bounties be
equalized ; put all honorably-disohargad soldiers upon the
sumo uusis j pay uiam at ine same rate. Tney are en
that is all
it with all niv hearfc "
Tho conclusion of every intelligent patriotic citizen
must Kq that the Government owes, as a debt of justice,
the equalisation of the bounties of her soldiers, who so
bravely defonded her interests in tho darkest hour. J?m
tol (Ind.) Banner.
it The justice of it no man can dispute, and
11 this bill contemplates. I am for it. I vote for
Soldiers Inquiries. i : ,
Edmund H. AND-ansoN,No.830BnttoQwood street, Wilmlnirten;
Dol., desires tho address of Unutaaant Kobott K. Mar tin," who
wa3 afterward Guptalu of Company I, Third IT. S. Colored
Troops Irom Pennsylvania, during the Wr oi" the Rebellion;
S. B. Morton, of CasUlo, Wyoming- Co., N. Y., doslros tho ad
dress of JL B. Olator and S. O. Clator. formerly privates in Cow"
panyH, Elovonth Illinois Vols.
Wm. A. DaxcAN, of Maxlleld, Sharp Co., Ark., forzaerJy o
Company O, Second Arkansas 0.vvalry, dosiros tho address of
Green B. Hill, John it. Wool&rd, or any soldior who formerly
wis in said company.
Taos. SsiiTii, of Hammond, Eiatee Co.. Ind., d&slres present ad
dress of Br, Koaooo Cook, or the -Eleventh Maine Vols., or uny
other surgeon orsald reglmeut
John Ous.rk, No. sas Camp stroot, Now Orleans, La., desires to
learn the address of Henry Frutz, late Captain, of Company X,
Third BoKiment U. S. Colored Cavalry, who vrae In tha b&ttlo at
Yazoo City, Miss., Dtwumber 1, 18W.
W. B. Kox, of Cleveland, Tann., desires the address of Dr. A.
B. MetllQcU, formerly assistant aurgeon af the Fourth Tennes
see Cavalry.
B. 11. Mkadob, of Sarooxle, Mo., desires the address of Lieu
tenaut Torrlll, Captain Slaters companyan Indiana regiment
-who was taken prisoner at UartsvUle, Tenu., and was at Camp
Chase, Ohio, iu the winter of 1S02-3. v
A. 4. Swaxokr, Shiloh, Richmond. Co., Ohio, -wishes inform:
tion as to where ho can get a book written by Captain Reed while
a prieener at Camp Ford, av Tyler, Texas.
A. X. DouafcAB, No. SNW Carroll stroot, Akron, Ohio, desires
present address of Captain Bavtlott, Lieutenant Hunt or Fri.
vatee Hublett, Norton or Fuller, of the So veatk Illinois 0vulry.
Aloxo H. IlAxroar, West Pike, Potter Co., Pa,, desires nrw
eat adtfreed f Geo. O&skweU, hM Private of Cemp8y Ct. N. Y.
Heavy Avtillery.
lintA.ii W. Scwawu late Talrd Batterr. Yernteat tJarh! AvtiT
lry, reeeaUy Urluf at Mapletei Iowa, wlil pi ewe send id
t fNMftt eiHM XJURJMU& ilK9X, WaJMsgt, XV O.
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